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September 01, 1966 - Image 14

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-09-01

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1* 1966

PAGE J2QUR THE MICIHGAN DAILY THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1. 1966

._a... _w_. __, _.._Y..... _, _..,,..

BE RNARDO

The Pill:FDA Gives Cautionary Green Light

By DAVID KNOKE}
"All things being equal with a1
person's health . . . I'd take the

orders and skin
the committee to
ther study of the

blotches, caused
recommend fur-
pills.

MONIQUE
Alluring "VEE" Thong pattern M U
emphasized by contrasting
Saddle Stitching
One of many styks
to choose from
available in
Palomino and
Harness
$100
i U - - -

caution light
cause a panic.
The growth

but not tol
in use of the oral

I1

)11

pill." The committee had directed contraceptive among American
The words were spoken by a much of its attention to studies: women is one of the phenomenal
man, Food and Drug Commis- linking the pills 'to cancer and success stories of family planning.
sioner Dr. James L. Goddard, but blood-clotting diseases such as The natural hormone progeter-
they undoubtedly came as a great thrombophlebitis and pulmonary one, secreted in the ovaries dur-
relief to the millions of American embolism. Part of the indecisive- ing pregnancy to block further
women who use the oral contra- ness was due to the lack of ac- ovulation, was discovered in 1936.
ceptive-the "Pill." curate estimates of disease rates Fifteen years later Drs. Gregory

experimental stage, which pre-
vented conception in Rhesus mon-
keys when taken up to nine days
after intercourse.
The "morning after" pill, if
proven safe for human ase, could
be a great step forward in mak-
ing family planning devices avail-
able to persons in underdeveloped'
countries and in substandard so-
cio-economic class, who 'do not
have the training or financial
resources for the costly, rigid
regimine of the present pills.
Already on the market is a
"sequential pill" to counter-act
the weight-gaining effect of the
progesterone-estrogen pill. With
the addition of the sequential pill
on the 17th day after the begin-

ning of a cycle, statistically onlyl
one or two per cent of patients
will make any appreciable weight
gain. With just the progestarone-
estrogen pill, one woman in five
will suffer an average weight
gain of six pounds or more.
A corollary to the problem of
discovering what Margaret Sang-
er, an early instigator of the
birth control movement, called
"a really simple, good and harm-
less contraceptive" is the one-
shot immunization from preg-
nancy.
Injections by hypodermic need-
les, experts believe, would be a
satisfactory answer to birth con-
trol in underdeveloped countries
where the level of education is

insufficient to grasp the relation
between intercourse and preg-
nancy and the necessity of taking
pills for 20 days, skipping five
and then resuming is too demand-
tng in attention and money.
Hormones in the form of a vac-
cine were tested on 127 women
at New York's Harlem Hospital
Center in the early '60's and the
results were promising enough
to stimulate further testing on a
large scale. Dr. Donald Swartz,
director of gynecology at Harlem,
held out hope that the single
monthly shots could be effectively
increased to one every two
months or perhaps even to an
annual basis.

4,

is _ _ _.:ril

s

Have you seen our
Sportswear Departmen

Goddard's green light on the among the general population Pincus and Minh Chueh Chang
pill came after the results of a which were compared with those were able to prevent pregnancies
nine month study into the al- of women taking the pill. in experimental laboratory ani-
leged side-effects of the contra- "Any valid conclusion (to the mals by feeding the females nat-
ceptives were made public last cancer question) must await ac- ural progesterone.
week. curate data on a much larger Synthetic oral contraceptives-
The ten physicians on the group of women studied for at stero rogncopound
FDA's Advisory Committee on Ob- least 10 years," the report ex- a progesterone-estrogen compound
stetrics and Gynecology cast their plained. "Caution and prolonged by doctor's prescription in 1961
endorsement in a hedging man- surveillance are in order." and at least five million Ame-
ner: "The committee finds no ad-ladtlesfiemlonA r-
equate data, at this time, prov- Noting that the longest any can women are known to use
ing these compounds unsafe for single individual has been ex- them currently. Unofficial esti-
human use." posed to the effects of the pill is mates run to three and four
Pills have been in use in this nine years, Dr. Roy Hertz, a com- times that number.
country for over a decade now. mittee member, issued his own re- The pill fits the ideal concept
There are eight brand-names on port warning that "we are ill ad- of a contraceptive in that it is
the market at present and the vised to ignore the mass of obser- reversible; for a wanted pregnan-
t? FDA found them all to be be- vations clearly relating" estrogen cy a woman need only stop tak-
tween 99 and 100 per cent ef- (one of the two compounds in the ing the pills until her normal
fective in preventing pregnancy. pill) to the development of can- menstrual cycle resumes. The oth-
It also removed a suggestion that cer in men and animals. er aspect of the pill that makes it
pills not be taken longer than 4 Nevertheless, the committee ap- desirable is its removal from the
years, calling it a restriction proved the pills-Enovid, Ovulen, time of intercourse.
which "doesn't serve any pur- Ortho-Novum, Norlestrin, Ora- As the oral contraceptive has
pose." con, Norinyl, Provest and C- been developed so far, the woman
Yet persistent rumors that the Quens-with only the cautionary must follow a rigid schedule of
chemical compounds might pro- statement, "Some of the members taking 20 pills in ds many days
e mote disease such as cancer, and suggested we put it differently, each month. A recent extension
the noticeable side effects such but we want to hedge a little of the oral pill is the so-called
as weight gain, menstrual dis- here. We wanted to put on a "morning after pill," still in the
- _ _-- -_-_---- -1

Negro Nominee Hopes To Win
Voters to GOP in State Rae

9:00 to 5:30 306 S. S+a

ItE

rrr rr r . rs nmm n

DETROIT WP)-George Wash-
ington, the son of a Texas foun-
dry worker, came to Michigan in
1939 to study law.
"But I saw a lot of lawyers
starving, so I went into ac-
counting instead," he recalls.
Now he is the Republican nom-
inee for secretary of state-the
first Negro ever nominated by a
major political party for so high
a place on the partisan state
ballot.
He was picked without opposi-
tion at the party's state conven-
tion Sunday to challenge James
Hare, a Democrat who has held
the job a record six consecutive
terms.
Washington, 49, sees the elec-
tion as a chance to help the
long-term GOP aim of getting a
bigger share of the Negro vote.
With two-term Gov. George
Romney atop the GOP ballot,
Washington is given at least
some chance to upset Hare.
Negroes are no rarity in Mich-

igan elections, but most of them
have been Democrats, including
State Supreme Court Justice Otis
Smith who is running for re-
election this year on the non-
partisan section of the ballot.
Washington was a state public
service commissioner for three
years before Romney named him
director of administration in Jan-
uary. He is one of the 19 major
department heads in Michigan
government.
"A Negro Republican candidate
can personally help spur the feel-
ing that the Democrats are tak-
ing the Negro vote for granted,"
says Washington. "But it will
take a matter of time to cut
that 90 or 95 per cent the Demo-
crats get down to 60 or 50 per
cent."
He has worked with Negro po-
litical groups, but finds "it's
pretty tough to get Negroes to-
gether for Republicans in this
area." The problem is not only
finding them, but to get them to

4SreciCa ecome to A t, rtor

be at all open about their pref-
erence.
"The Republican philosophy is
as close to what I believe in as
anything else," he says. I Lhink
of free enterprise economy and
an emphasis on the individual as
distinguished from almost total
government subsidization or con-
trol."
Washington, born in Corsica-
na, Tex., was not a iolitical acti-
vist at Morehouse College in At-
lanta, Ga., or even when he came
north for the law career that
didn't begin. He became a certi-
fled public accountant in 1950,
and worked on the 1952 campaign
of Republican gubernatorial can-
didate Fred Alger.
But politics submerged again
until Romney's first campaign
for governor in 1962, when Wash-
ington became assistant cam-
paign treasurer.
During these years, he avoided
political arguments with account-
ing partner Richard Austin who
this year is the Democratic nom-
inee for auditor of Wayne Coun-
ty, Detroit.
Washington began to hear
mention of himself as a candi-
date in April,, "but I took it as
a joke."
Urgings of others increased,
and on Aug. 19, he announced
his candidacy after Romney told
him "the idea was a good one."
Washington will emphasize a
Romney team and traffic safety
in his campaign-but he won't
go in for racial issues.
"The political' parties in Mich-
igan have isolated that from de-
bate now," he says. "Race isn't
an issue."

l r
,:

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KNITTING, WEAVING, RUGS,
CREWEL, NEEDLE POINTj
Open Monday night 'til 8:30:
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Read
Daily
Classifieds

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IN GIFT, HOME ACCESSORIES, CANDY AND GREETING CARD SHOPPING.

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* Fill out application below. Bring it to our store and receive
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f ARUALE'C CUT RATE t
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CARD SHOP
(Ann Arbor's Largest)
Over 500 designs in Contemporary Cards
Over 100 designs in Everyday Cards
Party and Candle Shop
Season Cards for all occasions
* BARTON AND SANDERS CANDY
* MEN'S GIFT BAR
* CONTEMPORARY ACCESSORIES SHOP
* THINGS EARLY AMERICAN
* GIFTS FOR ALL OCCASIONS
ON THE LOWER L EVEL
" BATH AND BOUDOIR SHOP
" PICTURE GALLERY

BACK-TO-SChOOL

1. Bedspreads . . . bunk and twin sizes
Specially priced for school opening.
2. U. of M. Monogrammed stationery .
assorted colors. 1.59

by Bates & Cannon.
From $4.95
four styles

3. Huge assortment of desk accessories at only 99c each.
SPECIAL SERVICES
Free Gift Wrapping
Mailng servce anywhere n U.S.A.
Monogramming of stationery, napkins, matches, etc.
One-day service.
Delivery Service

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