THE MICHIGAN D A'ILY
U EDNESDAY. MARCH 22_ t gfi7
PAGJJ TEN THE MICHIGAN DAiLY WF~flNTF'~trIAV MARE'U 99 1Oj~'?
rre+tillliaililn i iritiiLl II ti,. 1 U 1
'BAY OF PIGLETS':
Miami's Cuban Refugees Plot
Mini-Invasions of Homeland
Wilson Continues Support of War
Despite Growing Political Resistance,
at the Comnmons
EDITOR'S NOTE: Plotting against
Castro is the biggest business in
Niami's "Little Havana." But bick-
ering, Inept plannings, shortage of
nmoney and five U.S. agencieskeep
most of the plots in the talk stage.
MIAMI (P) - This sub-tropical
metropolis, a favorite refuge of
winter sun-worshippers and Cuban
exiles, has conspirators the way
an old barn has mice.
In 1963-65 alone, U.S. authori-
ties shortstopped no fewer than 23
expeditions bent on mini-inva-
sions of Fidel Castro land. No-
body knows how many others got+
through the net. -
One of the most ambitious plots
involved 80 anti-Castroites who
planned to take over Haiti last
November and go on from there.
A top man split with the leader
and talked. The enterprise had, to
be postponed and gagsters began
calling it the "Bay of Piglets."
Undaunted, the ploters bided
their time until January 2, when
the helter-skelter invasion force
began marshaling in the Florida
Keys. At this point U.S. customs
agents moved in and arrested
everybody in sight:
Earlier, an anti-Castro dream-
er assembled a $25,000 invasion .
arsenal in a truck and left it in
a downtown parking lot. Curses.
a downtown parking lot. Truck
and cargo were grabbed by , the
Inept planning and shortage of
funds are not the only roadblocks
for the busy conspirators. They
also have to contend with five
federal agencies, including Cus-
toms, Coast Guard, Immigration,
Bureau of Investigation and the
Central Intelligence Agency. For
a plotter, it's something like a
bullfight supervised by the Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Still Castro's Cuba liest here,
only 150 miles from Miami and
only 90 from Key West, as a con-
stant temptation to the revolu-
tionaries. Exiles claim that in
1966 they staged six aerial harass-
ments from "bases somewhere in
the Caribbean"-generally trans-
lated as "the Florida Keys."
Biggest of these, they claim,
were bombings of the Cuban north
coast chemical and sugar instal-
activist factions at the moment'
is MIRR, for Insurrectional Move-1
ment of Revolutionary Recupera-
tion. The others are Commandos
L, Brigade 2506, Les Pinos Nue-
vos rnd 30th of November, all oper-
ating under RECE, or Cuban'Rep-
resentation in Exile; and the 2nd;
Front of Escambray, Alpha 66,,
CORE, or Committee of Revolu-
tionary Orientation in Exile and
the Cuban Nationalist Association.
The purely propaganda groups
are Revolutionary Unity and
FORDC for Cuban Revolutionary
Bosssof the MIRR is a short,
intense medical doctor, Orlando
Bosch, 40, who has been picked up
twice while apparently preparing
He was convicted last year and
is awaiting sentence, on a charge'
of transporting bombs. Bosch
was arrested again January 15 and
charged with loading an airplane
with bombs and explosives.
He wasa, cleared of extortion
charges last December after be-
ing accused of telephoning threats
to four wealthy Cuban refugees
in alleged attempts to obtain $20,-
000 for anti-Castro war chest.
Of his clashes with the law, Dr.1
Bosch says: "The persecution con-
tinues. Those who call themselves
allies are not our friends and
those who call themselves friends
are not our allies."
Another exle leader, Armando.,
Fleites, said after his arrest inl
a Cuban raid attempt: "Another
victory for Castro." Keeping tabs
on people like Bosch and Fleites
is a' big job for the U.S. agen-
cies responsible for enforcement
of the neutrality act.
The plot to strike at Haiti, top-
ple dictator Francois (Papa Doc)
Duvalier and use the island re-
public as a base against Cuba
had its genesis in Miami more
than a year ago. Its architect
was Rolando Masferrer,' 47, law-
yer, honor graduate of Havana
University and a terror to Cas-
tro's followers in the final years
of. dictator Fulgencio Batista's
The Rev. Jean Baptiste Georges,
an exiled Haitian priest in his
early 40's, was a key figure in the
Vixamar, a 24-year-old Haitian
teacher, who readily claimed the
He said he planned to invade
Cuba, explaining he was not vio-
lating the law since the material,
would be used from a point out-
side the United States. Vixamar
eventually was released for lack
Vixamar was booted out of Hai-
ti in 1962, Haitian sources here
said, for organizing a pro-Com-
munist student union. One report
said he called on U.S. State De-
partment officials in April 1964,
and. told them he had been "di-
vinely commissioned" to overthrow
Vixamar's links with Masferrer
-if any-are vague. But last No-
vember Masferrer, too, had Haiti
on his mind as a way station for
an attack on Cuba.
The Haitian invasion froce un-
der Masferrer counted about 80
men and, according to its leader,
was equipped with some $100,000
worth of weapons and ammuni-
U.S. customs agents placed its
actual value and battle worth at
far less. "With that equipment,"
said one, "they could not suc-
cessfully have invaded Burdine's."
Burdine's is a large Miami depart-
The equipment included 140 ri-
fles, about a dozen machine guns,
two rocket launchers and about
72,000 rounds of assorted ammu-
nition. There also were two small
LONDON (R) - Harold Wilson - The administration seems to than any other member of the
is finding it increasingly difficult some authorities here to be mov- North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
to go on staunchly supporting ing near to demanding total North tion.
President Johnson's Vietnam poli- Vietnamese surrender. The British This attitude has added to the
cies. doubt whether North Vietnam will difficulties of the Wilson govern-
Despite some evident embarass- surrender and Wilson has said ment on certain levels.
ments, the British prime minister. publicly he is sure neither side It proved an embarrassment
shows no signs of abandoning his can win the war. for instance, when lie sought to
pro-American stance. . All this can be seen as inevit- assure Charles de Gaulle of Bri-
His problems over Vietnam are able differences of emphasis be- tain's European outlook and loyal-
nearly as old as his 2%/2-year-old tween two partners, one of them ties. The French president want
Labor government. Lately they losing lives and treasurers daily British bonds with America loos-
hav become more acute with the on the battlefield. ened before this country qualifies
intensification of American mili- That is why the British govern- to join the European Common
tary pressures against the North. Market.
On the military and troop-mor-tn n ard bfe, ubd Wilson's support for Johnson
ale level the statements by the think long an; hard before pub- has been a source of dispute inside
Johnson administration are un- licly voicing doubts or criticism, the ruling Labor party, with mid-
derstood by authorities here, who It also is why, formally and of- die-leaders as well as leftwingers
are not greenhorns in the arts of ficially, the Wilson government questioning the wisdom and So-
campaigning. intends to go on proclaiming its cialist morality of his policy.
On the political level it's anoth- backing for the broad objectives In Parilament, Labor misgiv-
er story. which the Americans have defined ings over Vietnam have helped
The private conversations of in the Vietnam context, generate resentments over other
some senior government men sug- The British point out that they political issues to a point that
gest disenchantment with official have been more explicit in making Wilson today leads a dangerously
Washington's aims and methods their pro-American position known disunited party.
Among their arguments:
American officials have insisted
repeatedly they have had no seri-
ous proposals for peace talks from
Hanoi. Soviet officials including
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin seemed'I
to satisfy Wilson last month that 4ELP FIGHT
serious peace talks were possible
if Johnson ordered a military
pause.WA G IN r
Johnson in early February said
publicly, "just almost any step"
by Hanoi would be enough to
bring about an American standoff
against the North. Some British
officials think he shifted his posi-
tion by demanding later a reci-
procal move by Hanoi such as
halting shipments of arms and
$ Bus sers
nt price: $1.50
Tossed Salad i-i/ Choice of r1)tessing
rilled Center Cut Ham Steak with Pineapple Crescent
1Fluff)y Whipped Potatoes
Roll and Bgtter
Baked Cherry Crisp
Choice of Be eiage
vice from main campus to the Commons every 20 minutes.
Serving from 12:00 Noon until 2:00 P.M.
~~**~****~g o t
Isn't that why you're here? But when
the questions are about life and its pure
pose, the answers aren't always easy.
We'd like to tell you about a book
that has helped many students on
our campus.;It will challenge you to
give up limited ideas about yourself
and about God .. to wake up to the
real meaning of life. It's SCIENCE
AND HEALTH WITH KEY TO THE
SCRIPTURES by Mary Baker Eddy.
If you'd like to know more about this
book, talk to the Christian Science
Organization. Anyone there will show
you how to get the most out of it.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ORGANIZATION
Time_ Thursdays 7:30 P.M.
Science and Health is available free on
loan at our meeting place or at $2.25 from
the college bookstore. Or you can send for
a free pamphlet "The Time for Thinkers"
which is based on this book. write
c/o P.O. Box 660, Astor Station, Boston,
presents: Mr. Edward Rishavy
Mr. Floyd Wyczalek
GM's ELECTRIC CAR
"Electrovair and Electrovan"
Technical presentation with Movies
Start your own war on Poverty...
sit-in at Ann Arbor Bank (fbur
comfortable campus offices and start
a Savings or Checking Account.
ANN ARBOR BANK
4 CAMPUS OFFICES
" East Liberty Street Near Maynard
" South University at East University
A Medical Center (Forest at Ann)
*"Plymo"th Road at Huron Parkway
And 6 More Offices Serving
MEMBER " FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION " FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
lations. One of their raiding
planes; they say, was shot down
over Cuba in mid-November and
three of their men were captured
after landing on the eastern tip
of the island.
The anti-Castro exile factions
in Miami are divided into "activ-
ist" and "propaganda" groups.
The most noisily busy of the
operation. He was to be president
of the country if the invasion suc-I
Federal officials got their first
signs of anti-Castro activity in-
volving Haiti in December 1965,
when a truck loaded with rifles,
rocket launchers and other arma-
ment was found in a parking lot.
It was registered to a Henry
1 042 E E
-WED., MARCH 22-
o President and Executive Vice-President
Torn Copi-Regina Rogoff
Bruce Kahn-Ruth Baumann
" Five Open Council Seats
E. o. Knowles
" Three members to Board in Control of Student Publications
" One member to Board in Control of Intercollegiate Athletics
* Executive Officers of LSA
* Executive Officers of Engineering School
" Four Delegates to National Student Association Conference