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March 22, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-03-22

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U A £V.ltt




Johnson s

Romney Warns State Will Act
To Check Violence, If Needed

r Peace




Rejected Plea
After Bomb
Johnson Optimistic
That Present Policy
Will Lead to Peace
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Presideni
Johnson presented North Vietna-
mese President Ho Chi Minh ...
a package offer aimed at starting
direct U.S. - North Vietnamese
peace talks, in a personal letter
Feb. 8.
Ho rejected Johnson's proposal
Feb. 15, the day after the United
States resumed the bombing of
North Vietnam following the lunar
new year cease-fire truce.
President Johnson declared, on
his return from the Guam confer-
ence last night; that he will con-
tinue to seek an honorable peace
in Vietnam despite Ho Chi Minh's
"regrettable" rejection of his offer
for direct talks.
Until his efforts are successful,
Johnson said, "We shall of course
4 do our duty in Vietnam."
The President, flanked by Se-
cretary of State Dean Rusk and
Secretary of Defense Robert S.
McNamara, read a brief statement
when he stepped down from Air
Force 1 at Andrews Air Force Base.
The Johnson-Ho direct letter
exchange-their first since U.S.
forces entered the war-was made
public yesterday first by radio
Hanoi and then by the State De-
partment, which added some de-
Conference End
The disclosures came as John-
son and his top diplomatic and
defense aides flew back from their
Vietnamese strategy conference at
Guam, and corresponded to John-
son's remarks as he left the Pa-
cific island.
The homeward-bound U.S. Pre-
sident said he saw no evidence
that North Vietnam is ready to
talk peace yet. He is apparently
convinced that his present course,
however, will eventually lead Ha-=
noi to the conference table.
The truce, during which the U.-
S. bombing was suspended, began
on Feb. 8 and Ho received John-
son's letter two days later, on Feb.
U.S. officials said Johnson al-
ready had a Hanoi rebuff of the
U.S. offer for peace talks when he
ordered the bombing resumed Feb.
Johnson's letter proposed that
the United States would stop
bombing North Vietnam and freeze
its troop level in the south if Ho
stopped infiltration of South Viet-
The State Department said that
Johnson's letter was the fifth of
a series of U.S. efforts started ear-
ly in January to try to get direct
talks with North Vietnam on end-
ing the Vietnamese war.
Ho rejected the first personal
and direct peace initiative made
by the U.S. President, in his Feb.
15 letter.
State Department
The State Department made
Johnson's letter public after the
North Vietnamese Foreign Minis-
try announced the exchange and
disclosed that Ho had stuck firm-
ly to his position that the United
States must unconditionally stop
all bombing and other "acts of
war" against North Vietnam be-
fore Ho will agree to talks.
The State Department con-
demned Hanoi's disclosure of the
Johnson letter, which climaxed
four earlier secret U.S. peace bids
begun in early January.

"It just seems most regrettable,"
Press Officer Robert J. McCloskey
said, "that the North Vietnamese
chose to place the glare of publi-
city on what was meant to be seri-
ous diplomatic efforts to turn
down the fighting in Vietnam and
to find a constructive and a peace-
ful solution."
The North Vietnamese said they
decided to release Ho's reply to
Johnson, "with a view to exposing
to world public opinion the stub-
bornness and perfidy of the U.S.

4Defeat New }
Viet Cong
War Effort
Biggest Offensive
Coincides with End
Of Guam Conference
SAIGON (A)-The Viet Cong
launched and lost yesterday their
biggest offensive operation of the
year, a four-hour effort to over-
run an American artillery position
in a jungle clearing in War Zone3
C near the Cambodian frontier.
Spokesman said at least 423
enemy dead were left behind in
the action, in which the Viet Cong
high command apparently had
hoped for a smashing success to
coincide with the windup of Pres-
ident Johnson's Guam conference.
There was no estimate of how
many dead and wounded they
may have carried away.
American losses in the fighting
-which mingled point-blank gun-
fire, grenade-hurling duels and
hand-to-hand combat-were setl
at 30 dead and 109 wounded.
Ameran Losses

By The Associated Press
Milk from farms and stores
alike was kiven away and tossed
away yesterday-the sixth day of
the National Farmers Organiza-
tion's milk withholding action.
Gov. George Romney warned
that the state will take all steps
necessary to prevent violence in
connection with the six-day-old
milk strike in Michigan.
"We're enforcing the law, and
the state police have indicated
very clearly we're not going to
countenance violence and will take
all steps on' our part to prevent
violence," Romney told a news
State Policy
"We have but one policy in this
state," Romney said, "and that is
the very firm policy of enforcing
the law regardless of the circum-
Sporadic violence has been re-
ported in several sections of the
state in connection with the with-
holding action by members of the
National Farmers Organization,
NFO, which hopes to force the
price of milk up by two cents a

NFO members in 25 states, in-
cluding Michigan, are participat-
ing in the strike.
Dynamite bombings, shootings,
milk dumpings and the threat ofI
arsenic poisoning of milk supplies
have occurred since the strike be-
gan last Wednesday.
But Gov. Warren P. Knowles
said his office has noted a sharp
reduction in the number of reports
of violence and vandalism in Wis-
That's one of the key states in'
the 25-state area of a holdback
aimed at adding 2 cents a quart,
to the prices received by farmers,
now generally 8 to 10 cents.
A spokesman for the Federal
Bureau of Investigation said in
Washington findings in some cas-
es had been turned over to a U.S.
attorney so he can determin
whether federal law has been vi-
The NFO president, Orei Lee
Staley, who says the campaign
now is in a crucial stage, said
meetings with unnamed dairies
are going on.

Indian Minister Denies U.S.
Defection Case Involvement,

Romney's warning against vio-
lence followed a similar statement
by Atty. Gen Frank Kelley.
Kelley Requests
Kelley asked prosecuting attor-
neys to keep him informed of de-
velopments in the milk dispute.
Kelley said:
"While there is great latitude in
the law for peaceful measures
which may be undertaken in such
a dispute, there is no room for
acts of violence.
"If the facts at any point sug-
gest a multicounty conspiracy to
violate the laws, a felony prose-
cution may be undertaken."
The six-day-old milk strike also
brought sympathy for the dairy
farmers' plight from Agriculture
Secretary Orville Freeman.
Secretary Freeman told a news
conference in Detroit that there
probably will be more farmer un-
rest leading to higher milk and
food prices.
"This unrest will reflect itself
until we have at fair deal for all
our farmers," he said. "Farm pric-
es have fallen rather sharply and
are lower than 20 years ago.
Low Income
Freeman said the average dairy
farmer in Michigan is lucky if his
income is half the hourly rate of
an auto factory worker.
In'most areas of the state, dairy
supplies were reported near-nor-
mal despite the withholding action.
Reports of violence declined, al-
though State Agriculture Depart-
ment inspectors continued to
check every shipment of milk com-
ing to Detroit from the Imlay City
An anonymous phone call Sun-
day warned that some milk ship-
ments might be laced with arsenic.
Police said they believed the call
was a hoax.
Suit Filed
The Michigan Milk Producers
Association, MMPA, has filed a
million-dollar damage suit against
the NFO, charging that the mili-
tant farmers' group was resorting
to terror in an effort to dry up
the state's milk supply.
To dramatize their strike, sever-
al NFO members dumped about
120,000 quarts of milk into a ditch
near Caro. Eight trucks lined up
at right angles to the 10-by-50 foot
ditch, and their spigots were op-
Fuel oil was poured into several
tank trucks In Delaware county,
Ohio, ruining thousands of pounds
of milk.
Three farmers dumped 13,000
pounds of milk near Patoka, Ill.

-Associated Press
PRESIDENT JOHNSON, returning from a Guam war council with Defense Secretary Robert
McNamara, criticized "regrettable rebuffs" to peace feelers the conference extended to North Viet-
namese premier, Ho Chi Minh, through a common party in Moscow -
ToNotheSouth Vietnamese


Secretary-General U Thant was
reported yesterday to have sent
messages to North and South Viet-
nam, proposing a cease-fire and
peace; talks.
Diplomatic sources said thej
messages had gone to Hanoi and
Saigon last week and led to Sai-
gon's proposing to Hanoi the same
week that the two "discuss peace."
Saigon replied to Thant, the in-
formants said, that it welcomed
the idea of peace talks but con-
sidered that any realistic scheme
for a cease-fire must provide for
some supervision.
Chief of State Nguyen Van
Thieu of South Vietnam first dis-
closed his government's proposal
for discussions with North Viet-
nam when he arrived back in
Saigon yesterday from the Guam
conference with President John-
son. He said North Vietnam had
not yet replied.
The plan calls for an end to the
U.S. bombing of North Vietnam,
a scaling down of military activ-
ities on all sides in South Vietnam
and discussions among all the par-
ties concerned, including the Viet
Thant long insisted that the end
of the bombing must precede the
de-escalation. The informants said
his new idea was that, simultane-
ously, the United States should
stop hitting North Vietnam, both
countries should stop sending

troops Into South Vietnam, and
discussions should start between
the two, to be extended later to
South Vietnam and the Viet Cong
and then to others interested, in-
cluding Britain, India, Poland and
Red China.
Thant's mesages to the Viet-
namese presumably followed the
line he is reported to have taken
lately in private talks with U.N.
Diplomatic sources said he had

suggested to the ambassadors that
the three points in his long-stand-
ing peace plan be carried out all
at the same time-instead of step
by step, as he had proposed be-
Today Thant will have a chance
to discuss Vietnam with Sen. J.
W. Fulbright (D-Ark), a critic of
U.S. policy in the war, and Am-
bassador Arthur J. Goldberg, head
of the U.S. delegation at the Unit-
ed Nations.

Encourage Student Protest,
U. of Minnesota Dean Says

About 500 GIs of the U.S. 4th
Infantry Division's 3rd Brigade re-
pelled human wave assaults by
2,500 black-clad troops of the Viet
Cong's 272nd Regiment. With the
help of planes and a reinforcing
armored column, the U.S. troops
blasted the enemy survivors into
retreat toward Cambodia.
"This is a victory of magnitude,"
said the 3rd Brigade's commander,
Col. Marshall B. Garth, Charlot-,
tesville, Va.
Reporters from the battle site
said that two units in the defen-
sive perimeter-a 45-man infantry
platoon commanded by 2nd Lt.
Johnny Andrews of Seattle, Wash.,
and a squad of 12 infantrymen
posted in an ambush position-
had beeii severly mauled in the
attacks, which opened at dawn.
Low Ammunition
The Americans were running'
low on ammunition when a col-
umn of 113 armored vehicles, in-
cluding 33 tanks, clanked to the
Of 18 howitzers that the enemy
attacked with rockets and mortar
shells, 11 were knocked out. Re-
pairs by the artillerymen, how-
ever, put all but four of these back
in working order after the battle.
The Viet Cong drive rounded
out a series of attacks, launched
Monday, that looked like a Red
attempt to cast a shadow over the
Guam talks.

NEW DELHI, India (A)-Foreign1
Minister M. C. Chagla yesterdayl
exonerated the United States fromf
any blame in the defection of
Joseph Stalin's daughter, Svet-1
"There was absolutely no con-t
tact between her and any official
of the U.S. Embasssy during her
whole stay in India until the night
she. decided to leave New Delhi,"
Chagla told Parliament.
Then, according to the foreign
minister, she acted like an or-
dinary traveler.c
From the Soviet Embassy res-
idence where she was staying oni
March 6 Miss Stalina, 42, tele-
phoned for a taxi, drove a quartert
of a mile to the U.S. Embassy,
showed her Soviet passport, wasl
given a visa for the United Statesx
and then left by plane a few hoursx
later, he said.
"She got her ticket in the or-F
dinary course and traveled in thel
ordinary course by an ordinary1
commercial plane," he declared.t
Chagla added that the U.S. Em-F
bassy had purchased her ticket,t
partly in Indian rupees, partly in
dollars, and had provided a second
secretary of the embassy-Robert
Rayle-to be her escort on the
They got off in Rome reported-
ly because the United States had
decided not to grant her imme-
diate asylum. She is now in Swit-
"How could the government al-
low a guest of India to be kid-
naped by an American official?"
demanded Babu Rao Patel, a
member of the Hindu Jan Sangh
Replied Chagla: "It is not cor-
rect to say she was kidnaped by
a U.S. Embassy official. If you

kidnap a person, you don't take'
her to the airport and stay there
for one hour."
He was referring to the fact the
plane taking her to Rome was de-
layed an hour by mechanical
Chagla said Miss Stalina arrived
from Moscow Dec. 20 to immerse
in the sacred Ganges River the
ashes of Brijesh Singh, an In-
dian with whom she lived in the
Soviet capital.
During part of the time in In-
dia she was the guest of Dinesh
Singh, commerce minister who
was a relative of Brijesh Singh.
"Even to Dinesh Singh with
whom she had stayed, her depar-
ture to Rome was as much of a
surprise as it was to the Soviet
Embassy," Chagla said, insisting
no Indian official knew about her
During a half-hour cross-ex-
amination in both the upper and
lower houses of Parliament, Chag-
la was repeatedly asked about a
report that Svetlana's escort,
Rayle, was an officer of, the U.S.
Central Intelligence Agency.
"We put it squarely to the U.S.
ambasador and he categorically
denied the report," Chagla said.


DALLAS (P)-If the students
are restless and threaten to picket,
a hep college administrator won't
try to stifle their protests--he'll
do everything but help them paint
the signs, a veteran educator says.
Above all, says Dr. E. G. Wil-
liamson, a college administrator,
don't be overbearing.
Williamson is dean of students
and psychology professor at the
University of Minnesota and today
will be sworn in 4s president of
the American Personnel and Guid-
ance Association, meeting this
week in Dallas.
"This has been quite an exciting
decade," said Williamson, who has

been at the university 26 years.
"Students are much more soph-
isticated than they used to be and
would rather have frank, open dis-
cussions of basic issues, of the
things that really matter."
Thus he encourages dissatis-
fied students to speak out even
in groups.
"We encourage them to organize
demonstrations. Sometimes we
even help them. It's a new serv-
ice," he said in an interview.

THURSDAY, March 23, 8:00 P.M.

Director of the Kibbutz Managers Seminar
at the Rupin Institute, Israel

r. I - . . . .

Sponsored by the

1429 Hill Street
Hillel House

W m



World News Roundup

TONIGHT is the last night of interviewing.
at Cinema Guild Office, 2538 S.A.B.


Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy

sent to President Johnson yester-
day a $12.2 billion appropriation
bill providing emergency finan-
cing for the war in Vietnam
through June 30.
The Senate passed the measure
overwhelmingly Monday w i t h
minor amendments to the bill
originally passed by the House last
NEW YORK-Three of the na-
tion's largest niaritime unions
threatened yesterday to landlock
American ships in U.S. ports for
an indefinite period starting next
Tuesday in protest of alleged dis-
placement of American seamen
by foreign nationals.

NEW YORK-A firemen's union
asked a strike mandate from the
city's firefighters yesterday and
said it expects the 28,000-member
police force to support a walkout
"all the way."
A strike would be the first in,
the city's history by its firemen,
who answered 154,000 alarms last
WASHINGTON - Ambassador
Henry Cabot Lodge, returning
from the Guam conference, said
he saw absolutely no immediate
prospect for peace negotiations.
"All that talk is premature and
it will also be that for a long
time," Lodge told newsmen.



Thursday, March 23 at 4:00 P.M.
Political Science Center for Chinese Studies
Political Science, Moderator
Michigan Room Refreshments
Michigan League All Welcome
Sponsored by the Honors Council and OFFSET






Wednesday, March 22,4:15 P.M.

Auditorium'A', Angell Hall


FRIDAY at 7:15 P.M.
Dr. Herman Jacobs
will review
D Emuij A .. e.A:


A Case of Mutual Misunderstanding




{ A4


Israeli Novelist







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