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January 11, 1967 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-01-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

. "MMM9

Seventy-Sixth Year



Why, Just


Years Ago...


Where Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail.


NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Duncan Sells Goes To Wayne State

University's director of student or-
ganizations ends Friday. After a year-
and-a-half of frustration, Sells is re-
signing to become dean of students at
Wayne State University, a real promo-
,tion in every sense of the word.
Announcing the appointment yester-
day, Wayne President William R. Keast
expressed his "high regard" for Sells'
"maturity, candor and energy, and for
his skill in communicating with stu-
dents and faculty. I look forward to his
vigorous and imaginative contribution
to a vital part of the university's
Had it not been for the administra-
tion in Ann Arbor, Sells could have
made that contribution here. Original-
ly brought to the University for his lib-
eral flair, the administration here
found Sells far too hot to handle.
ON AUGUST 4, 1966, a subpoena was
served to "the director of student
organizations." That was Sells. He did
not want to comply with the subpoena.
But he was the only administrator
willing to follow through on his con-

victions. His power was pre-empted
and, to the detriment of the entire
University community, the higher-ups
had their way.
In the fall, students voted overwhelm-
ingly to abolish ranking for the Selec-
tive Service System. Again Sells, direc-
tor of the student organization that
sponsored the referendum, was the her-
etic. He openly agreed that the Univer-
sity should honor student wishes. Need-
less to say, he was again ignored.
A FEW YEARS AGO, a reactionary
dean of women was forced to resign
in a storm of liberal protest. Follow-
ing her resignation the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs was created. The first vice-
president was liberal but ineffectual;
the second, Richard L. Cutler, was ap-
pointed with an era of strong liberalism
and progress in mind. Sells was ap-
pointed in that same state of mind.
Sells' liberalism outlived the atmos-
phere's. His leaving is not the result
of his stands, but he certainly had no
reason to stay.

Associate Managing Editor
(/ ILL THE REAL Sesquicenten-
nial please stand up?
Celebrating the University's
150th anniversary in 1967 as we're
doing implies that it was founded
in 1817, which doesn't quite square
with the fact that the 100th an-
niversary was celebrated in 1937
and the 50th in 1887.
So the question: Is this thing
we're celebrating the sesquicen-
tennial anniversary or merely the
trenticentennial? Most University
histories argue for the latter.
The offician one, "The Univer-
sity ofrMichigan-An Encycloped-
ic Survey" (University of Michi-
gan Press, 1941), even does it by
noting that it was compiled "As a
part of the celebration of the first
hundred years of the University of
Michigan in Ann Arbor, held
June 14-19, 1937. . ."
The catch is that word "in."
Because something was found-
ed in 1817. It was founded on a
shoestring in Detroit by a modest
group of men who called their
backwoods academy "The Catho-
lepistemiad, or University, of
THAT WAS, of course, when De-
troit was the only town in Michi-
gan, so when the new Legislature
set up the University's Regents in
1837 they had to fight out control
of the state's educational system
with the Detroit board of educa-
tion. "The Regents vs. The Board
of Education of Detroit," 1856, fin-
ally "established the Regents as
the lawful successors of the qrig-
inal corporation" according to the
Encyclopedic Survey.
So was the Catholepistemiad the
University? Nobody ever thought
so until 1929 when on Shelby
Shertz, a lawyer alumnus of the
University, mounted an alumni
campaign on the basis of the 1856
decision that finally pushed the
Regents into changing the date on
the official seal from 1837 to 1817.
Not many people today think they
were the same institution, despite
Shelby Shertz's and the present

SHAW NOTES the "precarious
existence' 'of the Catholepistemiad
-today we would call it a high
school-and mentions that in 1837
Ann Arbor "had just been chosen
as the site of the University about
to be established in accordance
with the provisions of the new
constitution of the state" and that
the institution was not actually
opened until four years after that.
A spokesman for the Burton His-
torical Collection at the Detroit
Public Library says that the Cath-
olepistemiad actually fell apart in
1835, two years before the Univer-
sity was established. "Despite the
1856 decision," she says, "there's
no real reason to connect the two
institutions. I suppose, the found-
ing date's technically up for grabs;
they could argue it from now to
doomsday. But there was an ex-
tensive difference between the two
and I don't see any reason to call
them the same institution just be-
cause the names were similar."
AND, if one can believe signs,
the Michigan Hisotrical Society
doesn't think there's any reason
to do so either. "By legislative
act in 1837 Ann Arbor was select-
ed as the site for the University
of Michigan." says the society's
sign in front of the Graduate Li-
brary. "Near this point . . class-
es were held in the fall of 1841 "
Against all this, Vice-President
for University Relations Michael
Raddock's claim that "1817 is the
accepted date of the founding of
the University" rings rather hol-
low, But if he wants to accept it,
that's all right with me. I just
hope he realizes what he and
Shelby Shertz are getting future
administrators into.
Can't you see the president in
1987 trying to explain how we
should celebrate the University's
170th . . . er 150th . . . or some-
thing . . . anniversary with maize
and blue license plates and fund
drives and everything?
I wonder what the colors of the
Catholepistemiad were?



administration's attempts to fudge
EVEN the Encyclopedic Survey,
that kept publication, occasionally
breaks character: "In the 20 years
that intervened between the first
organization of a university in De-
troit and the establishment of the
present University in Ann Arbor
." (Page 31.)
President James Angell didn't
think they were the same when
he celebrated the University's 50th
anniversary in June, 1887. An-
gell even noted that "We might

in a very just sense celebrate this
year the centennial of the life of
the University," because the North-
west Ordinance of 1787 proclaim-.
ed that "schools and the means of
education shall forever be encour-
aged." Evidently recent admin-
istrations are not the first to
stretch the institution's lineage a
Other historians have also re-
corded that the University has us-
ually held to the 1837 founding
date. Kent. Sagendorph's "Michi-
gan-The Story of the University"
(E. P. Dutton, 1948), notes that
"In June, 1937, the University of

Michigan observed its 100th birth-
day." Sagendorph also mentions
President Alexander Ruthven's
opinion that "The 100th anniver-
sary is a good time to find out...
what special characteristics Mich-
igan might have ..,"
Just because Sagendorph is also
the author of such classics as "Ra-
dium Island" and "Beyond the
Amazon" one is tempted to dis-
count his observations, Wilfred
Shaw's "Short History of the Uni-
versity of Michigan" (George
Wahr, 1934) backs him up, how-


Teaching Fellows Unite!

THE EVENTS of this past semester indi-
cate that the role and status of the
University's teaching fellows need to be
carefully re-evaluated by both the fac-
ulty and administration, and perhaps ul-
timately by the Regents.
In recent weeks the teaching fellows
have been barred from discussion and de-
cision-making with the faculty (profes-
sors, assistant professors and associate
professors by Regental definition) on is-
sues which are of major concern to the
health and welfare of the University com-
The number and academic responsibili-
ties of the teaching fellows have been
expanding rapidly. Currently the teach-
ing fellows participate in the grading
process in many of the undergraduate
IN TE CONTINUING controversy over
ranking and whether or not students'
grades should be used for that purpose,
the teaching fellows should surely have a
say. The teaching fellows cannot possibly
assume added grading and instructing re-
sponsibilities without being included in
the policy-making bodies which debate
and communicate formally with the stu-
dents and administration.

The teaching fellows maintain that aca-
demic decisions would be better made if
they had a voice and a vote along with
the rest of the faculty: But at the moment
they have no voice.
of a Regental bylaw which ascribes a
non-faculty status to the teaching fel-
lows. The time has come for the Regents
to look closely at the role the teaching
fellows play in instructing undergraduates
and to give them status and power com-
mensurate with their new responsibili-
But the time has also come for the
teaching fellows to again organize--more
thoroughly and more permanently than
they have in the past-and begin push-
ing for the means to accept their re-
sponsibilities responsibly. Writing letters
to The Daily and grumbling in depart-
ment coffee lounges does not constitute
If the teaching fellows want to help
lead the University in the future and are
the leaders they claim to be, some of this
leadership should be apparent in self-
organization. At the moment it isn't.

The Wise Men Last Year

year ago was marked by just
about the largest and most elabor-
ate diplomatic campaign known to
history. The President halted the
Vietnam bombing and sent am-
bassadors in all directions to pro-
mote the idea of peace by negotia-
The gigantic hullabaloo came to
nothing. Ever since, the President,
has been saying that the sole fault
lay in the aggressive stubborness
of the other side and that his
actions were asgenuine as his
motives were pure.
Since that fiasco there has been
no sign that the President or Dean
Rusk have ever pondered seriously
the question of whether the diplo-
matic campaign last year was not
based on illusions-first, that the
other side would agree to nego-
tiation before we offered convin-
cing proof that in the end the
American military presence on the
mainland of Asia could be with-
drawn; second, the illusion that
the decision to negotiate lay in
Hanoi rather than with the pri-
mary adversary, the Viet Cong;
third, that the Viet Cong would
lay down their arms in order to
obtain a cease fire.
great diplomatic offensive, and the
war, which has been much en-
larged, is at least as far as ever
from an acceptable solution. The
real change between 1965 and
1966 is that the illusions of 1965
have been shattered by events.
The country is muchhsadder
than it was a year ago. The most
recent Gallup Poll shows that a
sizeable majority of our people
does not think the South Vietnam-
ese war can be won or that South
Vietnam would remain non-Comn-,
munist long after our troops de-
part. Our people do not think that,

measured by our official object-
ives, we can win the war.
Are we any the wiser for this
disillusionment? There have been
some faint signs that some of the
President's advisers have realized
that if there is to be a conference
we shall have to arrange it Iirst
of all with the main adversary in
the field. According to the State
Department legend, the real ad-
versary is Hanoi or Peking or
"world comunism." As a matter of
fact he is in South Vietnam.
THERE HAVE also been muffled
and hesitating noises from the ad-
ministration saying that they
would not propose a cease fire to
the Viet Cong, but that they would
not now oppose it if someone else
arranged it.
There are also certain signs that
some of the President's advisers-
apparently those who in the end
do not prevail-nowhsee that the
essential base of a negotiated
truce is a convincing and credible
understanding that on not im-
possible terms we are willing to
withdraw from our enormous mili-
tary installations in South Viet-
nam and Thailand.
There is no prospect, it seems
to me, of de-escalation or nego-
tiation or conference so long as
we do not make firm decisions
and commitments about the fu-
ture of our military presence in
Southeast Asia.
We shall have to teach ourselves

that at bottom this is not an ideo-
logical war. It is not a religious
war. It is not a war of Chinese
territorial expansion.
IT IS A CHAPTER in the war
of Asians to get rid of the dom-
ination of the Western white man.

We shall have to realize that good
intentions do not make the West-
ern white man's domination pala-
(The foregoing was 'written be-
fore Ambassador Arthur Goldberg
requested U.N. Secretary General
U Thant to "take whatever steps

p IF

are necessary in trying to arrange
talks on a Vietnam cease fire." If
the request for talks is, in fact,
unconditional, this marks a radical
new departure in U.S. policy.)
The incapacity of the, Presi-
dent's chief advisers to under-
stand the reality of things in the
world today was allustrated strik-
ingly w~ring Secretary of State
Rusk's visit to Paris last week.
He reminded our Allies in NATO
that they are as much committed
do defend the United States as
we are committed to defend them.
He then pointed out that the
Western frontier of the United
States now lies in the 50th Amer-
ican state, Hawaii, out in the mid-
Pacific, and that soon Hawaii will
be within reach of Chinese nuclear
done nothing to make the Euro-
peans realize more vividly the
point of Gen. Charles de Gaulle's
case against NATO. For what the
general has been telling the Euro-
peans is that if they do not break
with the integrated command
structure, and renounce the auto-
matic character of the commit-
ment they run a grave risk of
being drawn into nuclear war by
the United States in its quarrel
with China.
Nothing Rusk could have done
could have been a greater clincher
on the determination of the Euro-
peans, including our British allies,
to stay clear of the Vietnamese
war and the whole American pol-
icy in Asia.
Rusk's trip to Paris has done
more than anything else in recent
times to make certain that what
is called Gaullism will, in fact,
become postwar Europeanism.
(c), 1967, The Washington Post Co.


We Need a Booklet

THIS YEAR there will be no subjective
evaluation of teachers based on large-
ly irrelevant criteria taken from an un-
representative sample of students.
The course evaluation booklet appears
to have died a quiet death. Long live
the course evaluation booklet.
THE WORD of the floundering-from-
conception publication's death was
carried with news from the offices of SGC
that there was no news on the booklet.
Nobody seems very interested in taking
the vast amount of time to get .it out. In
the past there had been a few, but their
work was met with evaluations like the
one paraphrased above.
The problem of course, is that a useful
and comprehensive evaluation booklet is
not created from a volunteer staff de-
pendent on the scattered response of
students. We need a permanent staff -
either professional or on the scale of a
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Subscription rate: $4.50 semester by carrier ($5 by
mail; $8 yearly by carrier ($9 by mal).
Published at 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.,
Owner-Board in Control of Student Publications,
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.
Bond or Stockholders-None.
Average press runr-8100.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan.

new student publication - to undertake
the task.
THE IDEA is not new. Several schools
already have successfully functioning
evaluation staffs of either of the two
types above. Berkeley utilizes the serv-
ices of a professional staff; Western Re-
serve has the permanent student publica-
tion type.
One SGC candidate in the November
election vowed to support the latter type
of evaluation booklet. Unfortunately he
was defeated. And it is too late now to at-
tempt any kind of comprehensive evalua-
It is not too late, however, for SGC to
examine the possibilities of either hiring
a professional group like the one used at
Berkeley, or to approach the Board in
Control of Student Publications in hopes
of setting up a student evaluation with
a permanent staff, initial University in-
vestment and office staff.
THE NEED IS GREAT, and unless the
booklet is of the high quality which
the two above types could furnish, it
might as well be given a quiet burial.
Associate Editorial Director
AN EDITORIAL in yesterday's Daily
mistakenly stated that a resolution


"Don't bother me with YOUR 'credibility gap' problems ... !"

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He 's Free Aga in


IN 1955 Milovan Djilas was re-
moved from power in the Yu-
goslav Politburo for remark5s he
made to an American newspaper
reporter concerning political free-
dom. A year later, he was sen-
tenced toya three-year prison term
for publishing an article on the
Hungarian Revolution in an Amer-
ican magazine.
While serving this sentence, his
book, "The New Class," was pub-
lished in the United States, and
for this he was sentenced at a
new trial to nine more years of
imprisonment for hostile propa-
He was freed after serving half
of this sentence, but 15 months la-
ter he was sentenced to nine years

constitutional preamble-and the
first to break it in writing hos-
tile propaganda. He is criticized
for writing long wandering ar-
ticles and for failing to keep up
with the ideological readings of
As one critic attempted to put
it, Djilas embodied the romantic
characteristics of his Montenegran
forefathers: bravery, individual-
ity, and independence, laziness,
lack of discipline, and overbear-
ing prudentialism.
But the force and perception of
Djilas' words mark him as more
than a mere romantic. While in
prison, Djilas wrote "The true
Communist is a mixture of a
fanatic and an unrestrained pow-
er holder. Only this type makes a

"Conversations with Stalin," Djil-
as said: "Every crime was possi-
ble to Stalin, for there was not
one he had not committed. What-
ever standards we use to take his
measure, in any event-let us hope
for all time to come-to him will
fall the glory of being the great-
est criminal in history. For in
him was joined the criminal sense-
lessness of a Caligula with the
refinement of a Borgia and the
brutality of a Tsar Ivan the Ter-
"Viewed from the standpoint of
success and political adroitness,"
Djilas cautioned, "Stalin is hardly
surpassed by any statesman of
his time.
"Unfortunately, even now, after
the so-called de-Stalinization. the

orite, attempted "to present the
facts as exactly as possible."
"IF THIS BOOK is still not ex-
empt from my views of today," he
said, "this should be attributed
neither to ill will nor to partisan-
ship of a protagonist, but rather
to the nature of a memory itself
and to ny effort to elucidate past
encounters and events on the basis
of my present insights."
A countryman once accused him
of sneaking up on his opponents,
beginning "with considerable cir-
,umspection," and then "as he pro-
ceeded to write his articles, sprin-
kling them with more and more
Any comments on Djilas' lack of
inhihiinn ar e inhemistic it is


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