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March 17, 1967 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-03-17

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r M archgan Butg
Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNITERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

IAT-LAR GE
a Greek System: A Hou' Is Not a H ome
y V NEIL SHISTER

I

here Opinlio Are Free
Truthwitu Prmvaiu

420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.

NEwS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

FRIDAY, MARCH 17, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: WALLACE IMMEN

I

Investigating the Liberals:
I Spy' Comes to College

S THERE'A HIDDEN microphone plant-
ed by the Federal Narcotics Bureau
on the third floor of the Union?
Have you seen plainclothes detectives
in the MUG looking for a hippy to sell
them some "good stuff?"
Do right-wing infiltrators disguised as
mild-mannered students wear wrist-
watch tape recorders to seminars and
take down their teachers' pinko propa-
ganda?
Probably not. All the talk about espion-
age at the University is probably just
talk and nothing more. But with what's
been happening at other schools across
the country recently, it's little wonder
that students are speculating about the
possibility of similar activities here.
Only Wednesday the New York Times
reported that "an attractive, auburn-
haired girl posing as a coed" at Fairleigh
Dickinson University in Madison, N.J.; was
really an undercover narcotics agent
planted by the county police with the
cooperation of university officials.
The day before, the president of Brig-
ham Young University admitted that lib-
eral professors had been the target of
investigations by students who had form-
ed what one of them called a "spy ring."
THE SAD FACT is that universities and
students are under increasing surveil-

A COUPLE of nights ago the fraternity and sorority
presidents, along with the IFC and Panhel executive
boards, treated themselves to a fancy dinner. Over rare
roast-beef and neopolitan ice-cream, the Greek leaders
held their annual awards banquet in a plush room that
the Inn of America uses for its pledge formals. Trophies
were presented to outstanding members with deserved
pride, and houses with the highest active and pledge
average were also honored.
The whole thing was pretty sterile, though.
Harlan Hatcher was the smiling speaker at the
banquet, but his speech was also bland as he made some
innocuous comments about "the significant contribi-
tions fraternities and sororities make to the welfare
of the University."
Perhaps the spirit and mood of the evening was best
captured by Hatcher himself as he began his remarks
by saluting "Chairman Bruce and President Virginia"
in the same tone one uses at the Little League all-star
picnic to thank the fathers for getting up early to help
with infield practice.
Which doesn't mean the fraternity-sorority idea is
bad. But the system is floundering, principally because
it publicizes its noble aims, even though they are often
more honored in the breach than in the observance.
BEING A MEMBER of a fraternity I feel reasonably

qualified to criticize the system. I've never regretted the
decision I made while a first semester freshman to join,
but it is evident to me that as one progresses through
four years of college the 'Greek way' has progressively
les and less to offer.
The 'fraternity man' mentally is rigidly cast during
those first months of pledging when it is preached that
there is something deeply sacred, almost mystical about
calling somebody your "brother" and one is only able to
obtain this privilege through an internship of servility.
Many times the earnestness and conviction, are quite
real, but the net result is the entrance each term of
a new batch of actives well-schooled in the collective
ethic of "the group."I
The world of the true believer becomes a tightly
knit one of TG's, Homecoming floats, band parties
and pledge formals. The word is "the hou" and when
pronouncing it, one must be reverant.
There are a lot of good things about the fraternity
system, of course, but these don't compensate for its
fundamental defect: It doesn't demand that its members
develop. From the time one is a pledge until the day he,
graduates, the same skills and talents will keep him in
good stead with his peers. The atmosphere of a fraternity
house, even one with a high grade-point average, is
decidedly non-intellectual-principally because its mem-
bers regard the house as a place where one retreats from

lance by all kinds of official, semi-offi-
cial and self-appointed investigative
teams interested in safeguarding the pub-
lic.
Even if it is desirable to apprehend and
punish people who take drugs-still an
open question-the goal isn't important
enough to warrant the use of tactics
which are easily abused, and whose exist-
ence pose a threat to constitutionally
guaranteed liberties.
Investigating liberal, or any other kind
of students and professors, is inimical to
the foundations of an open society. The
effect of such probes is to inhibit the
free expression of opinion. It is a fact
that even today there are students -
many of whom hold views not terribly
radical-who won't join any campus poli-
tical organizations for fear of being call-
ed before some McCarthy of the present
or future.
FREE SPEECH and open exchange of
opinion are supposed to be simultan-
eously, inherent rights, and keys to mak-
ing a democracy work. In fact, we bewail
their absence in Communist countries,
and spend millions of dollars on the Voice
of America to redress the imbalance.
Are we turning our backs on our prin-
ciples?
-URBAN LEHNER

school. As if you only go to college during the day.
There are efforts to combat this syndrome from
above, but these are usually in the form of superficial
gimmicks. IFC can-give a trophy to the house with the
highest grade-point, and once a month a guest faculty
speaker may, appear at dinner, but the guys at dinner
are still more concerned with who got drunk at the last
party and who will get drunk at the next one.
STILL, THE NEED and demand for fraternities on
this campus is evidence by the fact that over the past
5 years membership in them has risen by 600. It how
stands at 3100 undergraduate men in 46 houses.
Thus the problem confronting the new officers of
IFC is a difficult one: How to make the fraternity ex-
perience as exciting to upperclassman as it is to the
new initiate?
There are no pat answers to the problem. What is
necessary, though, is that the system phrase its dilemma
in these terms. The=close contacts that are natural in a
mall living unit like a fraternity are conducive to the
most fruitful kinds of personal relationship.
But too often this potential is squandered and what
is left in the fraternity is a spirited group of freshmen
and sophomores with nobody really left above them to
provide the kind of advice and direction someone at
this university needs.

A

I"

The Board in Control and The Daily

Penn-Ultimate Decision

THE UNIVERSITY of Pennsylvania has
finally told the Defense Department
where to get of f.
After a year and a half of protest and
coitroversy over the existence of two
classified research contracts for biochem-
ical studies with Vietnam war applica-
tions, Penn has decided that the benefits
from the $900,000 projects do not out-
weigh the detriments. President Gaylord
Harnwell announced that the Projects
SUMMIT and SPICERACK would not be.
renewed on their expiration next year.
"Ilarnwell's action pretty much kills
the issue here," said one faculty mem-
ber at Penn. In a way,-however, the uni-
versity's actions should inspire other
schools to take a stand against the
types of research which the war indus-
try forces upon them in the name of
"contributions to society."
~IE LONG EPISODE at Pennsylvania is
indicative of both the shame and tri-
umph of modern higher education.

That a major multiversity would con-
sent to carry out research into aerosol de-
foliation and biological warfare to be used
in the Vietnam croplands is shameful
activity for a public institution that
should stand for the educated enlighten-
ment of the citizenry.
The triumph of the university is the
great impact a handful of dissenters had
in changing the policy of the university
and the courage of Harnwell in saying
"no" to the vast war industry that relies
on the public universities to do its re-
search into more effective ways of de-
stroying human beings, to the vast finan-
cial wellspring whose contracts are cov-
eted by researchers as a status symbol,
and as a measure of an institution's
greatness.
Penn's long struggle towards academ-
ic respectability should set an example
for other large universities that have
been diverting their skills and energies
from the proper function of education.'
-DAVID KNOKE

By LUKE COOPERRIDER
Professor of Law
First of a two-part sereis
I SHOULD LIKE to answer some.
questions your readers have
asked concerninguthe organization
and function of the Board in Con-
trol of Student Publications, and
then to comment briefly upon its
recent' action in regard to appoint-
ment of senior editors of the
Daily.
The Board exists pursuant to a
by-law of the Board of Regents by
which it is (1) constituted an
"agency of the Board of Regents"
upon which is conferred "author-
ity and control" over all non-tech-
nical student publications, (2) au-
thorized to incorporate as a cor-
poration not for profit under the
laws of the state of Michigan, and
(3) required to hold its property
subject to the control of the
Board of Regents, and its surplus
funds as "a trust fund for general
purposes connected with student
publications." It consists of five
members of the University Senate
and two alumni, all appointed by
the President, three students elec-
ter by the student body, and the
vice presidents for University Re-
lations and Student Affairs. The
student members serve one-year
terms, the appointed members
three-year terms.
The need for incorporation
arises from the fact that the
Board is the business entity
through which certain student
publications, namely the Michigan
Danly. Michiganensian, Genera-
tion, Gargoyle and the Student
Directory carry on their opera-
tions. Its financial resources con-
sist of the revenues of these publi-
cations, plus the income from a
substantial accumulation of sur-
plus funds invested for it by the
Business Office of the University.
FROM THESE resources it pays
all the expenses arising from its
own operation and from that of
the named publications, including
building maintenance, heat and
utilities, salaries and wages of ad-
ministrative and printing depart-
ment employees, salaries of stu-

would seem that the Board derives
at least a legitimate interest in
assuring that access to these pub-
lications remains open, and an
obligation to see that they adhere
to an appropriate set of journalis-
tic or publication norms.
IN AN EFFORT to balance these
interests and purposes, the Board
has developed a policy consisting
of the following components: (1)
the editorial management of the
publication is entrusted to the se-
nior editors; (2) that function is
performed without supervision
prior to publication, but in the
case of the Daily, subject to a
code of ethics to which the editors
undertake to conform; and (3)
the Board retains the function of
appointing the senior editors, and
'has a continuing responsibility to
review the norms established in
the code appears to have occurred.
THlE APPOINTMENT of Daily
senior editors is a painstaking and
time-consuming process. Each ap-
plicant for appointment submits
thre ekinds of evidence in support
of his application: (1) a scrap-
book containing the record of his
writing for the paper, (2) a peti-
tion describing his attitudes to-
ward and plans for the position he
hopes to occupy, and (3) a per-
sonal interview withatheBoard.
The members of the Board study
this evidence at length before
hearing the recommendations of
the retiring senior editors.
The senior editors on their part,
preparatory to submission of their
recommendations to the Board,
pursue an intensive selection pro-
cess of their own. This process in-
cludes lengthy discussions with
the petitioning juniors, and leng-
thy consultations among themsel-
ves. In practice the intent and
consequence of these consultations
is the development of a set of
specific recommendations as to
who should be appointed to each
postion, to which recommendation
the entire group then adheres.
Prof. Cooperrider is chairman
of The Board in Control of Stu-
dent Publications.

The Board in Control of Student Publications (three members not pres-
ent). Prof. Cooperrider, chairman, is second from right, first row.

dent editorial and business staffs,
and other costs of operation and
publication. From these same re-
sources it has, over the years, fi-
nanced the construction of the
Student Publications Building, and
the purchase of the printing plant
and other equipment that building
contains.
Neither the Board nor any of
the publications receives financial
support from the University ex-
cept through the purchase of sub-
scriptions and services. The vari-
ous schools and administrative of-
fices of the University do pur-
chase, for departmental use, ap-
proximately 2080 Fall and Winter
and 1150 Spring-Summer subscrip-
tions to the Daily at a total an-
nual cost of about $21,000. The
University also contracts for pub-
lication by the'Daily of the annual

Honors Day Supplement at a cost
of about $900; and various offices
and activities within the Univer-
sity purchase advertising from
time to time in substantial
amounts.
It will be seen that there is a
duality in the Board's function.
On the one hand it is a regulatory
agency of the Board of Regents,
exercising over all student publi-
cations delegated powers defined
only as "authority and control".
On the other hand it is, legally
speaking, the owner and publisher
of the named publications - the
party to all contracts in which
they engage, the owner of all pro-
perty and funds, the employer of
all personnel-and burdened with
the responsibilities of that rela-
tionship.

HOWEVER PLENARY the pow-
ers of which the Board may be
legally possessed, however it would
seem that its proper function is
the formulation and application of
a policy in regard to student pub-
lications which is appropriate to a
University of the distinction this
one enjoys. The Board has been
guided, I believe, by the concep-
tion that the named publications,
despite their special relationship
to the Board and through the
Board to the University, should be
seen and treated as "student pub-s
lications" rather than as "Univer-
sity publications written by stu-
dents." At the same time the
Board does sponsor and support
these publications for the benefit
of the students generally,tand does
have responsibility for their ac-
tions. Out of this relationship it

On Banning the Banana

*1

CONCERNED CITIZENS have recently
been confronted .with appalling new
information on drug use: The Daily has
revealed that bananas have effects that
can ony be described as narcotic.
Although many of us have been deep-
ly involved in the sale and consumption
of bananas, this new development im-.
pels us to demand the prohibition of this
"fruit of madness."
Certainly we can now see the dangers
implicit in the unrestricted sale of Musa
Paradisiaca (bananas):
-Bananas may easily be given to un-
suspecting persons, who can be com-
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Subscription rate: $4.50 semester by carrier ($5 by
mail; $8 for two semesters by carrier ($9 by mail).
Published at 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.,
48104.
Daily except Monday during regular academic school
year.
Daily except Sunday and Monday during regular
summer session.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor. Michigan.
420 Maynard. St., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.
Acting Editorial Staff
ROGERRAPOPORT, Editor
MEREDITH EIKER, Managing Editor
MICHAEL HEFFER ROBERT KLIVANS
City Editor Editorial Directo
SUSAN ELAN ........ Associate Managing Editor
LAURENCE MEDOW ...... Associate Managing Editor
STEPHEN FIRSHEIN .. Associate Editorial Director
RONALD KLEMPNER .... Associate Editorial Director

pletely terrified by the unexpected ex-
perience. Millions of mothers unwittingly
feed bananas to their infants every day.
-Easily procurable, bananas can be
readily taken by borderline psychological-
ly disturbed persons whose defenses may
be broken by the experience.
-There is a strong possibility that a
pseudo-mystical cult may evolve around
banana eating, and that its members
might not follow the rigid precautions
necessary for safe consumption.
-Money from the sale of bananas may
well be going to support the vast under-
ground networks of this country. If the
NSA can be a front for the CIA, who is
to say there are not shady dealings going
on between Cosa Nostra and the United
Fruit Company? In fact, why have fed-
eral authorities been hounding Mafia
leader Joseph Bonano?
ALTHOUGH we are sure that the Ann
Arbor Police Department would like
nothing better than to clamp down on
the student banana smokers in the com-
munity, their hands are tied without the
necessary legislation.
Clear-thinking citizens must back any
such legislation. We urge you to write to
your state representative in support of
an anti-banana bill.
-PAT O'DONOHUE
-JOHN GRAY
No Go Dtept.

Miranda' and the In visible Stationhouse

By YALE KAMISAR
The author, a professor at the
University Law School, is a spe-
cialist in criminal law and pro-
cedure.
Yesterday in "The Privilege
Against S e I f-Incrimination,"
Prof. Kamisar discussed the tra-
ditional attitude of the legal
profession on the manner in
which police interrogation was
conducted. He traced the long- -
standing inability of the lawyer
(and judge) to reconcile "the
grim proceedings" in the police
station with the "lofty princi-
ples in the Constitution." The
landmark Miranda decision,
however, has brought about
some new thinking on this issue.
Last of a Series
OTHER SIGNIFICANT factors
operating over many decades
to freeze the status quo were the
invisibility of therstationhouse
proceedings-no other case comes
to mired in which an administra-
tive official is permitted the broad
discretionary power assumed by
the police interrogator, together
with the power to prevent objec-
tive recordation of the facts --
and 'the failure of influential
groups to identify with those seg-
ments of our society which furnish
mnt nf the raw material for the

provided it is done." It stings too
much to say it now, for we are too
close to it, but someday it will be
said of the first two-thirds of the
twentieth century: Too many peo-
ple, good people, viewed the typi-
cal police suspect and his interro-
gator as garbage and garbage col-
lector, respectively. (This is every
bit as unfortunate for the officer
as it is for the suspect.)
MOREOVER, with the inadver-
tent exception of those who wrote
the interrogation manuals, each, I
suspect, equal to a dozen law re-
view articles in its impact on the
Court (the majority opinion in
"Miranda" devotes six full pages
to extracts from various police
manuals and texts spelling out
techniques for depriving the sus-
pect of every psychological advan-
tage, keeping him "off balance,"
exploiting his fear and insecurity,
and tricvking or cajoling him out

to private quarters and there in-
terrogated as to his goings and
comings, or asked to explain what
he may be doing with Mr. Brown's
broken and dismantled jewelry in
his possession, to take off a rub-
ber-heeled shoe he may be wear-
ing in order to compare it with a
footprint in a burglarized prem-
ise, or even to explain the blood
stains on his hands and clothing,
that, hypothetically, illustrates
what would be called the 'Third
Degree.' . . . If a confession, pre-
ceded by the customary caution,
obtained through remorse or a de-
sire to make reparation for a
crime, is advanced by a prisoner,
it surely should not be regarded
as unfair . . . Volunteer confes-
sions and admissions made after
a prisoner has been cautioned that
what he states may be used
against him, are all there is to
the so-called 'Third Degree'."
As recently as July of last year,

his job if a competitor is standing
by, and that is the situation for
the law enforcement officer with
the presence of an attorney while
interrogating a suspect.,
"As to the description of an in-
terrogation room, I wish to define
it as a room where people can talk
in privacy which is nothing more
than an attorney desires in talk-
ing to his client or a doctor in
talking to his patient . . . (These
rooms) bear no resemblance to,
torture chambers as some may
wish to think, and in fact some
are equipped with air-condition-
ing, carpeting, and upholstered
furniture."
WHAT I HAVE said so far does
not fully account for the persis-
tence of the de facto inquisitorial
system. In the late 1920's and
early 30's, complacency about' the
system was shaken-at least for a
while-by several notorious cases,
and by the shocking disclosures of

feasible. In this regard, the pessi-
mistic views, some thirty-six years
ago, of , Zechariah Chafee, co-
author on "the third degree," are
instructive:
"In England, the police are for-
bidden to interrogate a suspect
after his arrest or involuntary de-
tention; thus there is no danger
of their using brutality or other
pressure to obtain the desired ans-
wers . . . However, it is doubtful
if this remedy could be success-
fully transferred to the United
States, at least in the near future
. Amercian police officials .. .
attach extreme importance to the
questioning of arrested persons.
They would consider the adoption
of the English rule a serious crip-
pling of their activities, and until
they feel otherwise it would only
be one more law which they would
be tempted to violate. How could
they be forced to obey it?
IT IS HARD enough to prevent
policemen from using physical vi-
olence on suspects; it would be
far harder to prevent them from
asking a few questions. We had
better get rid of the rubber hose
and twenty-four hour grillings be-
fore we undertake to compel or
persuade the police to give up
questioning altogether."
New advances in constitutional-
criminal procedure have rarely

4l

"It stings too much to say it now, for we are close to it, but someday it will
be said of the first two-thirds of the twentieth century: Too many people,
good people, viewed the typical police supect and his interrogator as garbage
and garbage collector, respectively."

of exercising his rights), most

the veteran special agent of the

the Wickersham Commission's re-

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