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March 11, 1967 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-03-11

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
a UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Dominoes, Defense and Development

ere Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth WIU Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: STEPHEN WILDSTROM

Examining Defense Department
Criticism of Engine School

By DAVID WURFEL
The following is the last of
a two-part series on the United
States foreign policy and Viet-
nam.
IF. AMERICAN GOALS in S.E.
Asia are to prevent Chinese
domination of the region and to
deter Communist takeover of na-
tional governments-goals which
are undoubtedly endorsed by a
majority of the politically active
public there-then we have a per-
verse genius for running back-
wards. Alice in Wonderland could
hardly have imagined a world so
topsy-turvy that in the name of
peace and democracy we incin-
erate women and children, support
military coups and surpress pop-
ular uprisings-such as that of the
Buddhists in Danang.
To halt "indirect Chinese ag-
gression" in the last three years
we have forced the essentially
anti-Chinese North Vietnamese in-
to accepting thousands of Chi-
nese into their territory as "labor
battalions" and have pushed
Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia in-
to inviting Chinese military aid,
despite his openly expressed fears
of its ultimate consequences. Thai
oppositionists are more warmly
embraced by Chinese Communists
than ever before; Malaysian Chi-
nese guerrillas regroup on the
Thai-Malaysian border and in Bor-
neo; and Chinese influence grows
in Laos.

As long as the U.S. can be
realistically portrayed as the ene-
my of S.E. Asian nationalism, the
Chinese will have a field day. The
only Chinese reverse in S.E. Asia
in the last few years has been in
Indonesia, where circumstances
were practically unaffected by U.S.
policy.
HOWEVER, despite the fact that
the U.S. is unlikely to achieve its
central goal in South Vietnam-
preservation of a non-Communist

er matter, however. It could be
begun very soon if the State De-
partment were willing to accept
the full implications of the Ge-
neva Agreement and were able
to evaluate the long-term political
strength of opposing forces real-
istically. Negotiation would permit
the U.S. to achieve legitimate
goals in S.E. Asia which are at
present undermined by military
action.
IT IS, IN FACT, only through

habited by tribes that have not
been significantly influenced by
either great culture.
Today that boundary has been
seriously breached by Vietnamese
armed units providing the mili-
tary backbone of the Pathet Lao.
About this situation U.S. officials
make no public pronouncements,
for they are unable to do anything
about it. U.S. pressure on Viet-
namese transportation routes near
the coast have increased the im-
portance to the Communists of

...... .. ." . : .......: .. .. ..... --. .
"It is... only through negotiated withdrawal hat the U.S. could help draw a
line against aggression in S.E. Asia. And the line which is meaningful is one
between two nations, or better yet, between two cultures."
...... t,..... ....:.5..v.5. . . . . . . . ... ..1':.41.. 11}.." :.

Asian international police force to
patrol than for a much larger U.S.
force under present, very differ-
ent conditions.
AN EFFECTIVELY policed bor-
der designed to reduce to a mini-
mum Vietnamese iniltration to the
west-a process which has been
going on for centuries-would then
be a shield behind which the U.S.
could, if invited, truly assist the
growth of popular, effective, in-
dependent governments. Cambodia
is one of the most deserving can-
didates for such assistance, where-
as present U.S. policy does not
even include the maintenance of
consular relations with Pnom-
penh.
Everywhere in S.E. Asia except
Vietnam today the U.S. has the
option to work with nationalism,
the most powerful force in Asia,
to help it achieve its legitimate
goals. At some point in the future
even leaders of a reunified Viet-
nam would probably welcome re-
establishment of contact with the
U.S. as a counter to China. But
the longer the U.S. wastes its men
and resources in a military strug-
gle against Asian nationalism, the,
less likely it is to possess the at-
titudes, values and wherewithal to
aid national progress elsewhere.
The recent refusal in Washington
to help finance the Mekong De-
velopment Project, despite prev-
ious promises, is the latest case
in point.

THE COLLEGE of Engineering has un-
justifiably borne the brunt of Defense
Department recommendations on equal
employment opportunity . presented to
University officials Thursday. The col-
lege was singled out as having "excep-
tionally bad employment practices" and
should, according to the Defense Depart-
ment, receive the "temporary assistance"
of all personnel resources to improve the
employment practices of "this deficient
department."
While the thoroughness of the Defense
Department's survey in other areas can-
not be easily disputed, it seems to have
taken only a superficial look at the em-
ployment opportunity problems facing the
engineering school. On the surface, as
Norman R. Scott, associate dean of the
college, observed yesterday "the situation
looks bad."
HE ENGINEERING SCHOOL has no
Negro faculty members, but this is
not the fault of the school's hiring prac-
tices. The number of Negroes who enter
the engineering profession is unfortu-
nately small and competition for their
services is high.,
Not only is there a shortage of qualified
Negro engineers in academic circles, but
also in the industrial world as well. Fur-
ther, faculty salaries, even at large uni-
versities, can rarely match salaries of-
fered by corporations and smaller engi-
neering firms. Consequently the Negro
resource of qualified engineers is seri-
ously drained by industry, leaving the
universities with few people to choose
from.
Although more and more Negro engi-
neers are entering graduate school and
earning doctoral status, the University is
reluctant to hire its own graduates. Scott
has suggested contacting other Big 10
graduate schools in hopes of working out
some sort of hiring exchange, but even
this may not alter the situation signifi-
cantly-Negro engineers may still choose
to go into industry.

ASSUMING that the Defense Depart-
ment has kept these factors in mind
and recognizes the depth of the prob-
lem, their apparent charge of discrimina-
tion in hiring may still not hold for oth-
er reasons. After all, a Negro can be
turned down for the same reasons any
other applicant can.
But the Defense Department recom-
mendation appears unjust for yet an-
other reason. One recommendation com-
mends the Office of Research Administra-
tion for their "excellent job" in acquir-
ing non-white clerical personnel and sug-
gests that other departments follow their
hiring methods too. The ORA also has
numerous Negroes on its lists in other
non-clerical areas, many of whom are
doing research in the engineering school
but who, in the Defense Department
survey, were tallied among ORA em-
ployes. Surely the engineering school de-
served the hiring credit here.
As far as clerical and maintenance em-
ployment in the engineering school is
concerned, the lack of Negroes in these
areas may be merely a coincidence. Most
hiring of this kind is done through the
University's personnel office and not nec-
essarily by the college itself.
IRONICALLY, Dean Scott is the chair-
man of the faculty's steering commit-
tee on academic opportunities at the
University. The engineering school is also
currently setting an example in student
recruitment efforts: later this month a
group of students from Detroit's Northern
High School will participate in a day-long
visit of the engineering college.
The Defense Department ought to take
another look at what it seems to have
rashly called a school with "exceptionally
bad employment practices."
MAYBE THEY OUGHT to come back
and just look for Negroes.
-MEREDITH EIKER
Acting Managing Editor

government-and regardless of the
counter-productive character of
much of our present effort there,
immediate un-negotiated with-
drawal is not the best solution. We
have committed ourselves so heav-
ily that the domino theory, which
was, when proclaimed, invalid,
would now be to a certain extent
operative. An unqualified American
retreat would give, Communist
movements elsewhere an unearn-
ed shot in the arm.
Negotiated withdrawal is anoth-

negotiated withdrawal that the
U.S. could help draw a line
against aggression in S.E. Asia.
And the only line which is mean-
ingful is one between two na-
tions, or better yet, between two
culture areas. That line is Viet-
nam's borders with Laos and Cam-
bodia. Vietnam constitutes the
southernmost extension of the
Chinese culture area, whereas La-
os and Cambodia are the eastern-
most of Indianized people -
though. hill areas of Laos are in-

trails through Laotian jungles.
Though the Pathet Lao has not
significantly expanded the area
under its control since 1965, U.S.
escalation has forced them to
strengthen their hold on the area
they do control.
A very reasonable quid for the
que of American withdrawal from
South* Vietnam would be Vietna-
mese withdrawal from Laos. Viet-
nam's western border, adjusted and
clarified by mutual agreement,
would then be much easier for an

Letts: New Library can Architectural Monstrosity

To the Editor:
AN EXTENSION to the General
Library is desperately needed.
However, must it be an eight-story
monstrosity, resembling a radiator
with a mansard roof which would
dominate the central campus and
loom over the graceful lines of the
Clemens Library like a rude Ne-
anderthal ancestor suddenly res-
surected to frighten its more civi-
lized counterparts?
The conglomeration of architec-
tural types is a horribleand last-
ing mistake as can easily be seen
by looking at the three parts of
the Frieze Bldg. Other pains to
the eye are the already decrepit
Mason Hall and the Undergradu-
ate Library. Adding this newest
horror will be the crowning atro-
city.
Of course economy is an impor-
tant factor, but if imagination is
not put into the planning, no mat-
ter how much money is used, an
architectural "sore thumb" will
probably result.

IT IS DEBATABLE whether or
not this new building (as pictured
in The Daily) will be architectur-
ally superior to the former occu-
pant of the site-West Physics.
-M. J. Nogrady '69
U's Concerns
To the Editor:-
AN ITEM for the benefit of any-
one who may be making a col-
lection of the various quirks of
discrimination by the University
and related agencies: The Insti-
tute for Continuing Legal Educa-
tion (headquartered at the Law
School), in connection with its
18th annual Advocacy Institute
March 10-11, had posted notices
offering law students free admis-
sion and reference books in ex-
change for assistance at. the
Institute in passing out materials.
What the notices failed to men-
tion was that ICLE deemed fe-
male law students to be ineligible
for such employment. In all fair-

T FO Fades Away

TH1ETEACHING FELLOWS Organiza-
tion died for a number of reasons. Not
the least of these were misunderstand-
ing and apathy on the part of the fellows
themselves.
The role of the teaching fellow is, of
course; complex. But it is not so com-
plex that the teaching fellows them-
selves could not understand it if they
tried. Too many teaching fellows see
themselves as latter-day minotaurs -
half student, half teacher-whose func-
tion is to reconcile these roles and win
both the respect due their teaching half
and the ability to function effectively as
students,
This analysis is a good one only as
far as it goes. The teaching fellows can-
not afford to forget that they are also
employes. And as employes, they must
have some method of securing fair work-
ing conditions. and equitable salaries for
themselves.
Y ARGUMENTS have been advanc-
ed by the teaching fellows to explain
why a campus-wide organization is un-
feasible and unnecessary. The. most per-
suasive of these merely states that teach-

ing fellows just don't have enough time
to organize themselves.
One of the leaders of the short-lived
TFO says "It's impossible. People have
doctoral exams, other responsibilities. It
isn't that nobody wanted to doi t, it was
just the time involved."
[F THE TEACHING fellows are that busy
that they don't have time to organize,
their work load needs to be decreased.
If this were true, it would only point up
the necessity of an organization.
The point is, however, that it just isn't
true. Teaching fellows are active in many
campus organizations. Some are active
enough to try to lead last semester's
abortive uprising.
It would seem that there just aren't
any teaching fellows who are willing to
sacrifice some time in order to improve
their own lots. Working within depart-
mental organizations is a good thing, of
course. But if the teaching fellows do not
consider their status as employes impor-
tant enough tof ight for, they may dis-
cover a marked lack of shoulders to cry
on when they ask for a better break.
-JOHN GRAY

balistc ~ssle.X..6?,The-Bo M am ra

ness, however, it should be added
that ICLE has given firm assur-
ances that women will be granted
admission to the Institute as pay-
ing members of the audience.
Louise Lander
Law '69
U Money Hog
To the Editor:
CERTAIN RECENT articles and
letters in The Daily impress me
that a number of persons at the
University are under the misap-
prehension that the University
merits special status on the basis
of which it ought to be given a
disproportionatc amount of the
state's funds for higher educa-
tion. These same inadequately in-
formed souls further announce
that the quality of education here,
or at any institution, is exclusive-
ly a function of that school's
budget. These two assumptions de-
note an attitude of materialistic
supremacy which ought not rear
its ignorant head publicly so often.
As a former student at another
state university (Wayne), it was a
constant source of irritation that
"the big M" used to get so much
greater a portion of Michigan's
financial pie than WSU, which
has approximately as many stu-
dents as the University. True, dif-
ferent schools provide disparate
facilities (e.g., commuter vs. resi-
dent), but the difference was still
clearly inequitable. There are doz-
ens of other state schools too,
whose students are, in fact, just as
"equal" as you, and who attend
schools which could benefit at
least as much as the University.
Could we not be less narrow and
morealtruistic in discussing the
problem of increased funds for
higher education? The scope of
our argument should be enlarged
to allow that students elsewhere
are able to benefit from a high
quality education, too.
FURTHER, it is an unfortunate
sign of the times that so many
believe that the more money a
school has, the better an educa-
tion one is guaranteed of receiv-
ing. Yet some wealthy schools are
regarded as "below average," while
others which have tightly strapped

budgets (and have not seen fit to rank ha
tap its alumni for millions) are years, r
regarded as superior institutions. state sc
Happily, the teacher and student accept1
are still crucial factors in the mercani
process of transferring knowledge
. . . and itis not purely a matter
of money, as some among us con-
tend.
But the univercentric bemoan- To the E
ing which persists emphasizes that WOU
the wrong issue is being presented ment
to us and it ought to be subordi- tion for
nated (and dismissed!) in favor reviews
of a united appeal by all state only wr
schoolsefor increased allocations least in
for higher education in general. most sei
The more inclusive shibboleth I the con
offer would call for all state If you
schools to benefit. Those who ar- most co
gue for increased benefits to the ignorant
University alone, or above all, in- so far t
fer that the University would not extend t
have attained its current lofty
f
+ 1
...'A
~~II~:N

*i

. r

ad it not been, in other
more favored. than other
hools. I do not choose to
the implications of such
tile reasoning. Do you?
-Kenneth N. Anchor
Intelligent Review
Editor:
LD just like to take a mo-
t, to express my apprecia-
r the occasional concert
of R. A. Perry. He not
rites expressively, but, at
line with my tastes, seems
nsitive to what goes on in
cert hall.
don't mind my saying so,
ollege music reviewers are
Lt. idiots; Mr. Perry seems
to be an exception. Please
to him my thanks.
-Laslo Syzchowski, Grad

''

D

4i

N~i s us rS " 9.

A

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1 tratorsle. Communi*cating

Young Republicans Bomb Out

AS BOMBS rained down upon a North
Vietnamese steel mill and American
military leaders discussed the mining of
Haiphong harbor, the University College
Republican Club has prepared a resolu-
tion opposing negotiations to end the
war in Viet Nam and condemning any
pull-out of the United States from the
Southeast Asian quagmire.
The resolution, which will be present-
ed before the state convention of the
Michigan Federation of College Repub-
licans today in Grand Rapids, was ex-
plained by Michael Renner, '69, leader

of the University's delegation to the con-
vention. "Negotiations could only worsen
the condition of the war," he said. "We
stand to gain nothing by bringing it to
the peace table."
AND THE YOUNG Republicans stand to
gain nothing from their resolution ex-
cept astonishment and disbelief. For with-
out this doctrinaire position, the College
Republicans have urged an end to alter-
natives. While they have gratefully en-
dorsed the strengthening of a political
base for the Saigon government, they
present a stand which reinforces the
worst fears of nations around the world:
that the United States is not sincerely
..lr -. rrvl irn.Qht anti lne -

By STEPHEN D. BERKOWITZ
and ALLEN J. RUBIN
"If you don't know where
you're going, any road will take
you there."
THERE HAS BEEN a great deal
of controversy in recent weeks
centering about strategies of pro-
test. More often than not, how-
ever, this discussion has generat-
ed very little insight into the
causes of student activism and
the reactions arising from it-be
they hostile, supportive, or be-
nign. Regents, faculty members,
and administrators have either
been shocked or bewildered by the
course of events. In their view,
student protest is seen as either
an unrnecessary nuisance, or a nat-
ural but unfortunate outgrowth
of "youthful harshness" and mis-
directed idealism.
Radical students-and by this
we mean an increasingly larger
number of them-have been equal-
ly unable to understand or cope
with the reactivity displayed by
those to whom their grievances are
addressed.

gent Weltanschauungen, is the in-
evitable concommitant of this sort
of situation. Unfortunately, con-
flict obscures the issues and struc-
tural disjunctures which are at its
root.
The recent conflagration which
has arisen over the behavior of
certain members of Voice politi-
cal party and other activists dur-
ing the Sesquicentennial program,

demonstrates many of the char-
acteristic aspects of this larger
trend. In a seemingly blind and
unreasoning way both groups have
entered into a situation inde-
pendent of their will, ultimately
having a base in the different in-
terests associated with each of
them. Administrators and Re-
gents, tied as they are to the
University - not as an intellec-

tual community, but as a political
and financial entity-have, failed
to recognize even the more legi-
timate claims of student activists.
WHILE THIS conflict grows,
and stances become polarized on
both sides, substantial questions
are largely ignored. Predictably,
both sides have begun to retreat
into petty and vindictive strate-

gies, personal attacks and char-
acter assassinations.
Vendettas of any sort are fruit-
less and do not serve to advance
the goals of either party. More
importantly, in the present con-
text, they are not productive of
insights into the way the Univer-
sity responds to ecological, dem-
ographic, technological and poli-
tical trends in the larger society.
This is not to argue, however,
that conflict in and of itself is
bad, but simply that conflict, if
it is to yield mutual accommoda-
tion ors ocial change must begin,
as Mills has argued, from objective
and yet concerned analysis. If they
are to conflict, groups ought to
disagree over meaningful and sub-
stantive issues.
In this regard, "student power"
in the decision making process
raises issues which are structural
in character, substantive and poli-
tically real. Analytically, each of
the several groups involved is en-
gaged in a struggle over the direc-
tion of the University's academic
life and its allocation of human
and material resources.

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