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March 09, 1967 - Image 4

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Atdigan Daily
Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

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--- - --- -----

THE VIEW FROM HERE
The Winter of Our Discontent
BY ROBERT KLIVANS

.

Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Wil Prevail

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: MARK LEVIN

New Draft Proposals:
Eliminating Unfair Praetices

PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S proposals on
the draft system will go a long way
toward renovating an antiquated struc-
ture that has provided manpower for our
huge defense establishment for over 25
years.
The Selective Service as presently con-
stituted is unquestionably successful in
its primary omjective of meeting re-
quests from the armed forces. President
Johnson, however, after carefully consid-
ering the recommendations of several ad-
visory groups - notably a presidential
commission headed by Burke Marshall
and composed of 20 leading citizens-stat-
ed his desire to effect the following:
-A lottery to replace the local quota
system.
--A partial overhaul of the deferment
system that will remove present immun-
ity of graduate students.
-A reversal of draft priorities of age
groups.
The President's message, coming in the
midst of an unpopular, intractable Asian
war, will hardly be met by cheers from
the galleries. It is a plain fact that wide-
spread dissension over the draft stems as
much from Vietnam, as from any inher-
ent inadequacies in the system. Never-
theless, the implementation of the plan
will eliminate many unfair practices, and
may get rid of a lot of dead wood person-
nel who have arbitrated over the lives of
so many young men.
AT PRESENT, local boards are given
quotas to fill, thereby giving residents
of one area a built-in advantage over
men from other districts, depending on
the number of "eligibles," on the per-
centage of deferred students, and on the
size of the request.
As expected, this has a lot to do with
the disproportionate drafting of those.
from least privileged homes. Despite the
fact that the number of men rejected for
military service reflects a much higher
fraction for Negroes than whites (50 vs.
25 per cent), recent studies have shown
that proportionately more Negroes of the
group qualified for service are taken than
whites.
Student deferments, potentially the
most explosive' issue that Johnson had
to deal with, was only partially tackled-
from above. He wants to lift most of the
rather comfortable arrangements gradu-
ate students now enjoy. Insulated from
the draft during their undergraduate
years, during graduate studies, and often

afterwards because of children or certain
occupational choices, men have been able
to "totem-pole" deferment upon defer-
ment until they have exceeded the age
limit for the draft. The inequality of this
set-up will thus be remedied.
The touchier ,decision on undergradu-
ate deferments was postponed for further
study. Although the Marshall group ad-
vocated lifting these deferments as well,
it is highly unlikely that Johnson will
follow its advice-instead preferring to
permit the completion of undergraduate.
studies.
THE GENERAL PROCEDURE for draft
call-up today is the "oldest first"-
from 26 downward. As the President stat-
ed in his message, this order of priority
"increases the period of uncertainty and
interferes with the planning of lives and
careers." But also, the army finds that
older recruits have more trouble than the
younger adapting to the hardships of mil-
itary life. The revised system will permit
younger men to get their service obli-
gations out of the way, and will avoid
the interruption of well-established ca-
reers.
The lottery mechanism will permit a
reduction in the number of selective serv-
ice branch offices and employes-a desir-
able streamlining of the network of "fief-
doms" ruled by old soldiers. Moreover, less
than four per cent of the draft officials
are Negro. Johnson has not made a de-
cision on the number of new boards, and
has sent the matter back into committee.
A glaring omission from an otherwise
good report is the President's failure to
accept the recommendations of the Mar-
shall group on military reserves. The com-
mission pointed out the disturbing trend
of reserve units to become havens for
those trying to avoid the draft and sug-
gested that "I-A's" not be permitted to
enlist in the reserves.
A LONG TIME coming, the proposed
Selective Service revisions are practi-
cal, moderate steps to an extremely per-
plexing problem. The lottery is slated to
be in full working order by Jan. 1, 1969,
and present graduate students will be
permitted to finish work leading to the
nearest degree. The President's proposals
avoid disrupting the conscription of man-
power, and should provide a smooth tran-
sition from a poor to a much improved
system.
-STEPHEN FIRSHEIN

FOR COLLEGE newspapers, this is the winter of our
discontent.
From Baltimore to Los Angeles and from Madison to
Gainesville, campus publications seem to be under attack
at a record rate. In what is appearing to be a full-scale
epidemic, charges of obscenity, inefficiency and irrespon-
sibility are being levelled at collegiate journals.
One needs only scan the news pages during the last
two months to gain some insight into the length and
breadth of the contagion:
9 At Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, two
co-editors of the campus paper, the News-Letter, were
suspended on Jan. 16 when the publication carried "a
higply critical reference" to President Johnson. The
article "jokinglyecalled'Johnson a mass murderer.'"
The two were reinstated as students, though the Student
Council unanimously voted to establish a committee to
study the school newspaper's structure.
" At Arizona State University in Tempe, the school
newspaper's editor, John ,E. Polich, was fired Feb. 3 for
"refusing to comply with the Board of Student Publica-
tions' policy." The sharpest complaint against Pollich
was that he held another job in addition to his editor-
ship, which the Board prohibits, though Pollich claims
that the chairman of the board and one other member
knew about his other job when he was interviewed for
the position. The rule limiting the editor to one job had
been passed a half-hour before the editors were appointed.
* At Northwestern University in Evanston, the faculty
went on record "with a statement of discontent" and
launched an investigation of the Daily Northwestern.

Though leading faculty members argued that the action
was sparked by the paper's failure to print certain an-
nouncements, students insisted that several articles and
editorials critical of the administration were at the root
of the trouble.
# At the University of Wisconsin in Madison, a series
of controversial articles (a movie review, an interview
with Dr. William Masters, author of "Human Sexual Re-
sponse," and an editorial urging the legalization of mari-
juana) sparked the state legislature to call for a study
of the university. The pressure also resulted in the resig-
nation of the Daily Cardinal's editor.
1 At Cornell University and UCLA, the distribution
of campus magazines was halted by university officials.
At Cornell, the injunction against the sale of the literary
magazine, "The Trojan Horse," was eventually dismissed
by a state Supreme Court Justice who labelled the ar-
ticle "lousy but not prurient." In Los Angeles, the UCLA
newspaper's weekly literary and art review, "Intro," was
barred because of a critique of "Ecco Homo" by George
Grosz and a review of "Nova Express" by William
Burroughs. ,
" And at the University of Florida in Gainesville,
5'5" Pamela Brewer posed nude in the off-campus humor
magazine Charlatan, thereby gaining the 18-year-old Vir-
ginian immortality in the hearts of all campus males and
a two-year disciplinary probation.
ALTHOUGH THESE EXAMPLES should all be judged
individually, a common pattern is evident through many

of them: the role of college publications is under serious
scrutiny. And the events at the University in the last
month contribute to this theme.
Everyone has his own view on how the campus should
be run, and consequently which interests the campus
publications should serve. At Wisconsin, the state legis-
lators are beginning to think that they can regulate the
university (i.e. perhaps the newspaper) better than the
administration. At Northwestern, the administration and
faculty feel that they should have more control over the
paper. And at Johns Hopkins, the Student Council thinks
that everyone should take another look at the newspaper.
What all this indicates is that the students inside the
paper view its role differently than many of those on the
outside. The problem, like so many others of our day,
becomes one of understanding and communication.
WIITH A WINTER like the one we are experiencing,
the whole situation is brought out into the open. Charges
of obscenity, and platitudes of freedom are exchanged
between parties, and the end result is either a new struc-
turing of the paper, or a continuation of the old way.
The resolution of the conflict usually results in a
freer paper, more in line with the concepts of an educated
and tolerant community. Thus, all the controversy over
the collegiate press may, in the end, prove to be a valu-
able contribution.
After all, one cannot tell if he has a cold without the
symptoms. And the chills experienced by the collegiate
press this winter may be the key to a healthier environ-
ment.

4

A

Letters:An Appraisal of Flaming Creatures'

To the Editor:
F EW have seen the film "Flam-
ing Creatures" in its entirety,
and so those people who want to
form an opinion as to its merits
have been force dto rely on a po-
lice officer's description. We,
Speech students currently study-
ing and making films, have seen
"Flaming Creatures" in its entire-
ty and merely want to point out
two things about this description.
First, it contains inaccuracies.
Secondly, by selecting out of the
first 10-15 minutes of the film
only those, things he found objec-
tionable, the officer has misrepre-
sented not only that brief segment,
but the entire 45 minutes of the
film.
In other words, the selected
parts are made to seem the whole.
In fact, by isolating a fraction of
the visual images from their
contexts - artistic (music, satir-
ical songs, stylized acting, experi-
mental "underground" shooting
techniques) and social (ridicule of
Hollywood-type scripts and the
double edged satire of sexual at-
titudes), his description not only
destroys the film's artistic integ-
rity and its significance as a social.
and satirical vehicle, it provides a
perception more prurient than
anything that the artist is charged
with putting on the screen.-
THE SAME ERROR would occur
if he were to insinuate that the
play Marat/de Sade was no more
than a few of its parts-no more
than the man who, naked, walked
up the stage, or the man, who
naked below the waist, supposedly
masturbated; no more than the
woman with the breast exposed
or the attempted rape of the Nun-
Attendant; no more than the

woman who repeatedly raised her
dress to expose her "wet" pants,
or the man who continually ran
his hands over the body of the
somnabulant young girl; no more
than the "obscene" language,
songs, and gestures. -
The 9,000 people who recently
saw this remarkably brilliant pro-
duction of Marat/de Sade here in
Hill Auditorium will immediately
recognize that dwelling on these
details gives them a weight they
by no means deserve, and that the
play's meaning and the signifi-
cance of the dramatic experience
are not even touched by this whol-
ly misrepresentative description.
AS STUDENTS of film, we re-
gret that the seizure of "Flaming
Creatures" has prevented others
from being able to judge this
film's merits and failings We feel
that the controversial shots are, in
fact, peripheral to the importance
of the film. Jack Smith's "Flaming
Creatures" is an artistic presenta-
tion of socially significant atti-
tudes.
-Tim Ayers
Dennis B. Webster
Role of ISR
To the Editor:
NEIL SHISTER'S column in yes-
terday's Daily charges that
the Institute for Social Research,
among others, draws off money
and personnel that would other-
wise be available for teaching. The
truth is quite different. While the
total economics of the symbiotic
relationship between the Institute
and the University is complex, on
net balance it is not the University
that is being exploited.
None of the $55 million is com-

ing to the Institute, and the Uni-
versity now owns a beautiful build-
ing paid for largely out of govern-
ment grants and from reserve
funds diligently accumulated from'
research grants and contracts
sought and obtained by the ISR
staff over many years. The Uni-
versity does not pay the research
salaries of the Institute staff, nor
guarantee their tenure. ,
THOSE OF US who face a con-
tinual struggle, to secure funds to
do research (and pay our own
salaries), find it difficult to think
of ourselves as having "private
baronies," whatever that means to
Neil Shister. Some of the funds we
obtain are for hiring students and
paying salaries to them, who learn
by doing and often prepare a dis-
sertation out of the material on
which they are working. An excel-
lent recent series of articles about
the Institute in the Daily was ap-
parently not read by Mr. Shister.
Mr. Shister also levels a charge
of inferior instruction. It is not for
me to evaluate my own and my
colleagues' teaching. We are strug-
gling to convey to students rapidly
changing information on the fron-
tiers of knowledge. It is a difficult
task to have this information
beautifully and systematically or-
ganized, and as well presented as
older more stable bodies of mate-
rial. We think of ourselves as des-
perately anxious to get students
interested in. quantitative inter-
disciplinary social research which
we feel is crucial to the solution of
many of the world's problems, and
crying for an infusion of brains
and talent.
-James N. Morgan
Program Director and
Professor of Economics

Review
To the Editor:
Y REVIEW of the Artur Ru-
binstein concert was so se-
riously edited by an over-zealous
night editor as to nearly render it
inane.
I did not judge Rubinstein's
beautiful playing of Chopin facile;
I merely noted that the darker,
more reflective tones, especially
in the nocturne, were somewhat
bleached out in the sunny warmth
of Rubinstein's thoroughly opti-
mistic rendition.
As printed, the review stated my
disappointment over the Brahm's
Sonata No. 3, but, totally deleted
my reasons for making such a
judgment. Briefly, this sonatahre-
flects the worst side of Brahms:
structural poses and predictable
declarative utterances that are
imitative, empty, and uninspired.
The pianist's performance was lu-
cid and intense, but with consum-
mate skill he penetrated to noth-
ing.
Furthermore, Rubinstein was
misspelled throughout the review,
for which I disclaim responsibility.
-R. A. Perry, Grad.
Reputation
To the Editor:
T IS A GREAT IRONY and a
sad commentary on the extent
to which warped minds are present
in the University community that
when a college newspaper under-
takes to treat important issues
and does so in an enlightened
manner, as The Daily has done, so
many are ready to label the news-
paper as "irresponsible."
A college newspaper only begins
to assume its appropriate function
when it forces its readers to con-

sider Important international, na-
tional, and university issues and
thereby becomes not simply an
announcement sheet, but a part
of the college education for its
readers.
PERHAPS THE MOST appal-
ling revelation of this whole 'edi-
torship' episode is the extent to
which Harlan Hatcher and those
board members voting against
Rapoport have lost touch with re-
ality, for it is shocking to realize!
their inability to foresee the sense
of outrage which their action
would rightly provoke among stu-
dents, faculty, and others and the
subsequent pressures forcing them
to back down.
May I assure you that the
Daily's excellence isuappreciated
in the Law School.
Steven Y. Winnick, '69L
A Little English
To the Editor:
AS A SUBSCRIBER to The
Michigan Daily may I congrat-
ulate you on your recent, appoint-
ment thereby assuring a contin-
uation of current editorial poli-
cies. However, in order to comply
with Senator Hart's new "Truth in
Packaging" bill, may I' suggest
that you change the mast head
to read: The Michigan Avant
Guardian.
-Mrs. Russel M. Hanna
All letters must be typed,
double-spaced and should be no
longer than 300 words. All let-
ters are subject to editing;
those over 300 words will gen-
erally be shortened. No unsign-
ed letters will be printed.

V

The Ploys of Robert Kennedy

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SENATOR ROBERT F. KENNEDY de-
serves the enthusiastic applause of
every loyal American for his valiant ef-
fort to vindicate our national legends.
More than any other contemporary pub-
lic figure Kennedy is the living symbol
of the pioneer spirit. Who else scales
dangerous mountains and essays wild
rides on fearsome Western rivers? Who
but Bobby approaches rhinoceri and gnus
in the wilds of Africa without trepida-
tion? Merriwether Lewis and Teddy Roos-
evelt are homebodies by comparison.
Not only has Bobby resurrected the
pioneer legend. Recently he has been go-
ing to great pains to restore another
treasured American maxim - that any
American boy, if only he has enough
money, a well known last name and a-good
publicity image, can grow up to be Presi-
dent.
OFCOURSE, Bobby isn't President yet.
But he does have all those virtues.
He's got the money to pull off his politi-
cal coups, he is better known than any
American politician except President
Johnson, and the public loves him. People
just eat up those front-page stories about
Bobby at Sun Valley, Bobby in Africa,
Bobby climbing Mt.lKennedy. And Amer-
icans don't usually put up with that
kind of political trivia unless the subject
is really special.
Bobby needs more than the -support
of the general public, though. He knows
that to win he's got to have the intellec-
tuals behind him. So Bobby early last

year started coming out with statements
on the subject American intellectuals of
the 1960's love best-the war in Vietnam.
Specifically, Bobby told an eagerly await-
ing public that he had some "reserva-
tions" about the bombings.
But the intellectuals wouldn't buy it,
or some of them wouldn't. In the last
couple of months alone, Ramparts, The
Reporter and I. F. Stone's Weekly have
had their turns taking potshots at him.
"Dissent without substance," argued one.
"Of course Senator Kennedy has reser-
vations about the bombing," said I. F.
Stone. "We all have reservations. Some of
us think there's too much of it, others
think there's too little." Would Bobby
lose his left wing friends?
NOT WITHOUT A FIGHT. Last Thurs-
day the junior senator from New York
played his version of escalation. The
United States, he urged, should discon-
tinue its bombing activities in Vietnam
and announce that it is willing to nego-
tiate within the week. So there it is.
Or is it? After all, from the point of
view of Robert Scheer (who wrote the
Ramparts article), a cessation of the
bombing isn't a horribly radical propos-
al. Bobby didn't admit, either, that he
had been wrong in the past when he had
not called for a bombing halt. No, Bobby
argues, the situation has changed-Pre-
mier Kosygin's recent speeches indicate
a new attitude by Hanoi justifying an
American peace overture.
And to pacify the 67 per cent of the
American population who favor contin-
..A - . a hnn00crTnhtm.+l aran ntha

The Tragedy of the Urban Ghetto

By BETSY TURNER
"OUR CITIES are in danger of
becoming Negro reservations
which will be more dangerous and
difficult than those of the In-
dians,"commented Roger Wilkins,
director of the community rela-
tions service of the United States
Department of Justice.
Wilkins, the first speaker in
last month's University Activities
Center Symposium on the Urban
Ghetto, focused on the deplor-
able conditions in the city.
Wilkins characterized the pres-
ent situation as one in which "the
American promise has failed the
Negroes of this country."
"The quality of life for the
mass of American Negroes is stag-
nant or deteriorating in compari-
son to that of the whites of this
country," said Wilkins. Anger, he
predicted, is the only reaction that
can come if conditions do not
change.
Thus, Wilkins vividly described
the tragedy of the urban slums.
However, he, like many of the
other speakers in the series, fail-
ed to propose realistic plans for
change.
CRIME and its relation to the
ghetto was another area studied
in the UAC symposium. Reverend
David McCreath, first chaplain to
youth in the history of Chicago's
Cook County Jail, said, "Crime is
a normal fact of social life and
it requires that we interpret it
in a social context."
McCreath, himself a product of

Ise and defended 'the use of viol-
ence when neededtforuretaliatory
purposes.
Tom Hayden, '61, co-founder of
Students for a Democratic Socie-
ty and an organizer in the ghet-
to of Newark, N.J., described the
ghetto as a product of "internal
colonialization." Negroes living in
these city areas have no command
over their own resources, he add-
ed. All of the major enterprises-
stores, restaurants, theatres, and
industries in these areas are con-
trolled by whites from outside. The
profits from these ventures leave
the community-thus draining the
meager capital which does exist.
Nearly all the social workers,
policemen, teachers and landlords
who work by day in the ghetto,
Hayden says, live elsewhere at
night.
Hayden outlined the issues as
local control of resources avail-
able in the ghetto and self suf-
ficiency wherever possible. He sug-
gested establishing "people's insti-
tutions," for "by taking over in-
stitutional control, the people of
the ghetto can prove their own
legitimacy as a group with power
to control their own affairs."
Hayden added that "this does
not mean that a dialogue between
the members of the existing in-
stitution and the people of the
slums should not continue. But
the dialogue is carried on from a
position of power, power held be-
cause of local political and eco-
nomic control."
Cooperative stores, local taxes,

j

I

"The American Promise has failed the Negroes of this country"

i

The program, consisting of 80
congressional interns, was, in Mil-
ler's words, "an attempt to produce
a more intelligent national dia-
logue about the problems of the
urban ghetto and racial minori-
ties."
This 12-day program was cen-
tered in the Bedford-Stuyvesant

the specific problems of these peo-
ple, he proposed that the city be
analyzed as an economic unit
where the people are separated
from the available jobs. This caus-
es "tremendous amounts of pov-
erty and unemployment with little
guarantee of a decent living stand-
ard."

" Reorganization in the exec-
utive branch of the federal gov-
ernment to meet the challenges
of today with fresh techniques
and methods.
LINCOLN LYNCH, associate na-
tional director of the Congress of
Racial Eauality (CORE). spoke out

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