THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 19637. THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Ask Court To BLASTS RIVAL:
To Assign One-man,
One-vote Doctrine to
City, County Districts
WASHINGTON (P)--The fed-
eral government asked the Su-
preme Court yesterday to extend
the one-man, one-vote doctrine
to county and city governmentl
throughout the country.
Powell Calls Meredith
Cooperation To End
Vietnam War Sought
As Treaty Prologue
WASHINGTON (P) - Outnum-
bered Senate foes of the U.S.-
Soviet consular treaty charged
yesterday it is a diplomatic con-
cession that could prolong the wa
Sen. Thomas J. Dodd D-Conn)
said approval of the treaty now
wotild convince people "we've
But the angry debate-in a
sparsely-attended Senate - ap-
peared to be little more than a
detour on the way to Senate rati-
fication of the treaty, one step
by which President Johnson seeks
to build bridges of understanding
between East and West.
Ratification, which will take a
two-thirds majority of the sena-
tors voting, is expected some time
Dodd. said the treaty should not
be approved until the Soviet Union
cooperates in ending the Vietnam
war. Ratification would run
"counter to the policy of firm-
ness' that can ultimately thwart
Communist expansion in Vietnam,
"It is a violation of good sense
and good taste and national dig-
nity to enact such an agreement
at a time when thousands of our
fighting men are being killed by
Soviet weapons and perhaps even
by Soviet experts in Vietnam"
Sen. Karl E. Mundt (R-SD), put
his opposition into a formal re-
servation to the treaty, proposing
that its operation be delayed until
President Johnson can assure Con-
gress that Soviet weapons are not
prolonging the war in Vietnam.
Mundt said he had no head
count to indicate outcome of the
debate, but he forecast it would
be close. A supporter of the treaty,
Sen. Albert Gore (D-Tenn), said
he believes at least 80 of the Sen-
ate's 100 members will vote for
The convention would set guide-
lines for the treatment of citizens
of one country arrested in the
other, and grants diplomatic im-
munity to consulate staffs.
The State Department has said
those guidelines would lead to the
opening of one Soviet consulate
in the United States and a U.S.
consulate in Leningrad.
Mundt carried his fight to a
Republican conference, but Sen.
Thruston B. Morton of Kentucky,
chief GOP promotor of the agree.
ment, said he did not think the
session had changed any minds.
Mundt's reservation proposals
would delay operation of the con-
vention until President Johnson
advised Congress that American
troops were no longer needed in
Vietnam-or that Soviet weapons
were not responsible for keeping
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Congress sent
to President Johnson yesterday a
bill authorizing $4.5 billion for
additional purchases of aircraft,
missiles and other expenditures
Senate Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield told his colleagues he
does not believe changes made in
a Vietnam war policy statement
by a Senate-House conference
committee changed the intent.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The govern-
ment plans to cut off a 'cost-of-
living allowance now provided to
more than 31,200 U.S. servicemen
The Pentagon said yesterday
that effective May 1 the so-called
"COLA" - cost-of-living-allow-
By The Associated Press
BIMINI, Bahamas - Putting
Adam Clayton Powell back in Con-
gress is a major civil rights strug-
gle that will be encouraged na-
tionwide, the leader of a civil
rights group said yesterday .
Floyd McKissick, executive di-
rector of the Congress of Racial
Equality CORE, said CORE would
Because of "malapportionment" give Powell its total support and
at the local level, millions of "we have been told that we have
Americans are denied full and the support of the Southern
effective participation in local Christian Leadership Conference,"
government, U.S. Solicitor Gen- the organization led by Dr. Mar-
eral Thurgood Marshall told the tin Luther King.
I went to Congress, and there is any moment," the aide said.
no Meredith now." . McKissick, asked if Carmichael
A Powell aide said McKissick would support Powell, replied, "I
was "the first of the civil rights can speak only for CORE. But we
Big Six to fly here to see hir." expect widespread support in this
He said the Big Six were the Na- movement."
tional Association for the Ad- McKissick said a Powell head-
ancPmthe UrbaColoreaue, t quarters was being set up in CORE
d e n t Nonviolent Coordinating headquarters in Harlem but that
Committee SNCC, Philip Ran- the Powell movement would be
dolph, head of the Sleeping Car encouraged nationwide.
Porters Union, the National Asso- "If in California or the North or
ciation of Negro Women and South or in the East a con-
CORE. gressman votes against Adam
"Stokeley Carmichael," head of Clayton Powell, the constituents in
SNCC, the so-called black power their districts will take it into ac-
movement, "is expected here at count," McKissick said.
M1EDIC RECEIVES AWARD
Lawrence Joel is shown above relaxing with his family in a Washington hotel before a meeting to-
day with President Johnson. Joel will be the first medical aide to receive the Medal of Honor.
Communst Oppostion Poses,
Threat to DeGaulle Majority
"It is the position of the United
States that, as a matter of con-
stitutional principle, logic and
sound policy, the principles of
Reynolds apply to local govern-
mental bodies whose members are
elected from districts and require
that those districts be substan-
tially equal in population," Mar-
shall said in a memorandum.
In the 1964 Reynolds decision,
the Supreme Court ruled that both
houses of state legislatures must
be based on districts that are sub-
tantially equal in population .
The high court alo has held U.S.
congressional districts must be
based on this one-man, one-vote
These decisions have effected a
revolutionary change in congres-
sional and state legislative rep-
resentation. In the main, they
have given city voters a larger
voice in government.
Last December the Supreme
SCourtagreed to takeonsthree
cases that question extension of
one man, one vote to county gov-
ernment and county school boards.
In January the court .agreed to
hear a fourth case that involved
possible application to city gov-
The federal government made
its position known in a "friend of
the court" brief in a fifth case.
The court has yet to announce
whether this case will be heard.
In this case, citizens of Mid-
land County, Tex., are asking the
court to rule that the county must
be redistricted on a population
The government made it clear
that it supported the one-man,
one-vote principle not only in
Midland County but throughout
The four other casee involve the
Kent County, Mich., School Board,
the governing board of Houston
County, Ala., the Board of Super-
visors in Suffolk County, N.Y. and
the Governing Council of Virginia
Marshall said the governmentj
was stepping in because of the
possibility that the court might
not rule on the issue in the Ala-
bama and New York cases.
McKissick announced his sup-!
port at a news conference at which
Powell belittled the civil rights
activity of James H. Meredith, who
plans to run as the Republicans'
choice against Powell in a special
congressional election April 11.
"Meredith, who is he?" asked
Powell, jaunty with a small cob
pipe and surrounded under a palm
tree by newsmen and photo-
Told that Meredith was the
Negro who attended the University
of Mississippi in a move to break
the color line at that school Powell
asked: "How many Negroes go
there now, by the way?"
"I don't know Meredith," Powell
Powell, a Democrat excluded
from the 90th Congress, said
SMeredithewould not be a formi-
dable opponent in the election.
Meredith, Powell said, is "not even
a civil rights leader."
"What civil rights group has
Meredith led?" asked Powell,
wearing a yellow sports shirt and
DETROIT (M--The United Auto
Workers union yesterday took
control of a rebellious Ohio local
that is threatening a wildcat walk-
out which could cripple General
Motors auto production.
President Walter P. Reuther an-
nounced the action on behalf of
the UAW international executive
Reuther and other board mem-
bers called for the strikers to re-
turn to work promptly at the
Mansfield, Ohio, plant, a key facil-
ity in GM auto production.
The UAW statement said "the
overwhelming majority" of mem-
bers of the offending Local 459
in Mansfield did not support the
"There was no Meredith before current strike by "a tiny handful"
Viet Cong Attack Camps
U.S. Holds Near 'Saigonl
PARIS (P)-President Charles
de Gaulle declared yesterday
that "what is involved is the re-
public and liberty" in next Sun-
day's runoff election for the Na-
"What was at stake in the first
round and even more so in the
second round is the regime and its
institutions," De Gaulle told his
De Gaulle referred to "the dom-
inant element" in the opposition,
apparently meaning the Commu-
nist party. With Socialists and
other leftists, the Communists
agreed Tuesday night to 'run a
single slate in most districts to
In last Sunday's first round,
only 81 candidates won a major-
ity, as required by law, in the
Judge May Ask Disclosure
Of Assassination Informant
race for 487 assembly seats. Of
these, 66 were Gaullists.
In the runoff, the Gaullists hope
to increase their present majority
of 24 seats. The agreement worked
out by the left is designed to cut
or completely wipe out this ma-
The Communists, the Federa-
tion of the Democratic and Social-
ist Left and the tiny, unified So-
cialist party put into operation
the electoral agreement, preserv-
ing candidates deemed to be in
the best position to topple a
The agreement called for the
best placed leftist to remain in
the running while the others
In most cases this was decided
by the number of first-round
votes. But in about 15 cases the
Communists withdrew in favor of
other leftists, where, for local rea-
sons, it was decided a non-Com-
munist would have a better chance
of winning over the Gaullists.
NEW ORLEANS (W )-A state
judge indicated yesterday Dist.
Atty. Jim Garrison may have to
produce his unnamed "confiden-
tial informant" at a preliminary
hearing Tuesday for Clay L.
Shaw, who was booked on a
charge of conspiracy in the Ken-
"It is my inclination now that
the identity of the informant will
have to be disclosed at the hear-
ing," Criminal Dist. Judge Bern-
ard Bagert said at the conclusion
of a hearing in which he refused
to dismiss the case for lack of
Bagert said he would rule Tues-
day on the defense request that
the informant be identified.
The district attorney arrested
Shaw March 1 and booked him
on a murder conspiracy charge in
connection with Garrison's five-
month investigation of the Nov.
22, 1963, assassination of President
John F. Kennedy, Shaw is free
under $10,000 bond.
ance - payments to military per-
sonnel in the war zone will end,
with a yearly saving of $21 mil-
WASHINGTON - Dorothy El-
sten, president of the National
Federation of Republican Women,
denied yesterday any indication of
a purge of Barry Goldwater sup-
porters in the selection of a 1968-
70 slate of officers for the 500,000-
* * *
WASHINGTON - Sen William
Proxmire (D-Wis.), protested in a
Senate speech yesterday that there
have been artificial attempts to
make it appear that President
Johnson, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy
(D-N.Y.), and Senate Leader Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont.), are far
apart on Vietnamese war policy.
In an application for a warrant
to search Shaw's home, the dis-
trict attorney alleged that Shaw,
Lee Harvey Oswald, David W. Fer-
Me and other persons met at Fer-
rie's apartment here in September
1963 and agreed "to kill John F.
Present at these secret meetings,
said Garrison, was "a confidential
informant who saw the conspira-
tors and heard the plans."
SAIGON (A)--Viet Cong of the
Mekongddelta killed 6 Americans,
wounded 25 and perhaps captured
1 yesterday in attacks on two
camps of the U.S. 9th Infantry
The division is getting set to
challenge the Viet Cong's 20-year
grip in the populous delta rice
The guerrillas, who prefer to op-
erate by night, struck in each case
before dawn. They faced away in
the darkness under counterfire
from American artillery and heli-
copter gunships. Their losses,if
any, were undetermined.
The targets in these first ma-
jor attacks against the U.S. new-
comers were the Dong Tamp camp,
on the My The River, 40 miles
southwest of Saigon, and the Rach
Kien outpost, 18 miles southwest
of the capital.
A U.S. spokesman Vid four
Americans had been killed, two
wounded and one missing A Viet-
namese spokesman, without dis-
closing precise figures, said cas-
ualties among the 60 or so govern-
ment soldiers in the battle were
Briefing officers, in reporting on
developments elsewhere, said con-
tact had slackened between U.S.
Marinesand mortar-backed North
Vietnamese regulars below the de-
militarized zone between North
and South Vietnam. A spokesman
said there was no significant con-
tact yesterday in that sector, where
Ho Chi Minh's forces may hope
for another invasion attempt.
A delayed account of clashes
over the last three days, however,
told of some previously unreport-
ed Marine casualties-9 killed and
19 wounded. The account included
a battle between a force of Ma-
rines and perhaps 200 or more
Communists who hit them Monday
and maintained scattered contact
over the next 24 hours.
In other theaters of war: The
U.S. cruiser Canberra and two de-
stroyers, the Keppler and Inger-
soll, hit at 17 objectives with their
five-inch and eight-inch guns and,
among other things, silenced a
Communist shore battery on Hon
En Island, off the southern pan-
Four American soldiers and 17
Viet Cong were killed in sporadic
clashes Tuesday in jungles of
Zone C, which flanks the Cambo-
dian frontier northwest of Saigon.
In Saigon, the U.S. Military
Command disclosed it has as-
assumed police authority over
American civilians in Vietnam. Le-
gal jurisdiction over these civil-
ians, though under study in Saigon
and Washington, remains with
"appropriate U.S. authorities or
"U.S. forces police," says a key
paragraph, "may apprehend and
temporarily detain U.S. civilians
when necessary to secure the cus-
tody of an alleged offender or for
the protection of human life or
U.S. property, or when the indi-
vidual's conductreflects unfavor-
ably on the United States."
of the local's members.
Local 549, which has about 2,000
members, was on a wildcat strike
for eight days last month. GM
laid off almost 200,000 workers in
86 plants across the country,
blaming a parts shortage result-
ing from the strike.
Mansfield is a stamping plant
which makes parts for 90 per cent
of GM automobiles .
The UAW's announcement of an
administratorship over Local 549
was an unusual action by the
union's top command. Only in ex-
traordinary cases does the inter-
national take over control of a
Charles Ballard, director of the
UAW Region 2B, was named ad-
Officers of Local 549, including
Robert Hall, president, were close-
ted with the executive board for
three hours prior to the announce-
The board said in its statement
that Hall and his fellow officers
fully support the administrator-
The action came less than four
hours after law enforcement of-
ficers were called in to clear pick-
ets from the plant-and less than
two hours before a membership
meeting of Local 549 was sched-
uled to begin in Mansfield.
Pickets were removed Tuesday
after most production was halted
at the plant. After pickets reap-
peared yesterday, officers invoking
a court order issued during the
first walkout last month began
clearing them from plant gates.
No violence was reported.
There was doubt about whether
the UAW action would end the
revolt. Local 549's membership
meeting was scheduled to vote
on whether to continue the walk-
The previous strike, branded by
GM and the UAW international
as illegal, ended only after the
local's officers were ordered to
union headquarters in Detroit to
explain their action.
A similar order brought the
local officers to Detroit again for
Wednesday's confrontation with
UAW chieftains, but Frank C.
Petty, union shop committee
chairman in Mansfield refused to
obey the summons.
On Hoffa's Acting Successor
WASHINGTON (P) - Teamsters
Vice President Frank Fitzsimmons
slid into the chair of imprisoned
union chief James R. Hoffa yes-
terday to confront the nation's
trucking industry across the bar-
"They'll find Fitzsimmons is no
patsy," a Teamsters source said
in predicting the contract talks for
some 500,000 truckers would get
quickly back on the road.
The talks, with a March 31
strike deadline, begged down when
Trucking Employers Inc. refused
to continue bargaining until after
Hoffa's status had been settled.
Hoffa entered a prison call yes-
terday to serve an eight-year term
for jury tampering.
Fitzsimmons, whom Hoffa had
picked to run the union for him,
got quickly down to business with
industry,negotiators, declining to
let photographers or newsmen wit-
nes the resumption of talks.
While Hoffa's absence left an
obvious void in the union he ran
for 10 colorful and controversial
years, the union pointed out that
Fitzsimmons was no newcomer to
"He settled the last big strike
we had, and Hoffa sent him in to
lo it," a spokesman said of a 1956
Canadian strike involving 8,500
There were indications of some
budding power maneuvers among
some of the Teamsters' 12 other
vice presidents, but most appeared
content to wait and see how Fitz-
simmons fared in the spotlight of
one of the year's biggest labor
"There'll be some winds blow-
ing," said one union source, re-
ferring to political jockeying
among other high Teamsters of-
ficials in the vacuum left by
Hoffa, departing for the Fed-
eral Prison, in Lewisburg, Pa.,
Tuesday, said "I hope to return"
to the Teamsters, meanwhile en-
trusting his "life's dream" national
trucking contract to Fitzsimmons.
Did Not Resign
Hoffa, in turning over his du-
ties to Fitzsimmons, did not re-
sign as Teamsters president and
intends to resume office if he is
freed before the next union elec-
tions in 1971. Te union confirmed
yeserday that Hoffa's $100,000
salary would be cut off while he
was in prison, but the Teamster's
executive Board voted to pay
$4,000 a month to his wife, Jose-
The union is asking a three-
year renewal of the master con-
tract covering some 12,000 com-
panies which Hoffa first negoti-
ated three years ago.
The union's demands include
75 cents an hour in pay raises over
the three years, plus numerous
improvements in fringe benefits
that add up to an estimated total
of five to seven per cent a year.
Friday; March 10, 7:15 P.M.
Cantor, Joan Planer Zwerdling-Cohn Chapel
Choir, Steven Ovitsky, B'nai B'rith Hillel
Organist, Joan Spitzer 1429 Hill St.
ALL ARE WELCOME
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Sunday, March 12, 5:30 P.M.
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