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March 07, 1967 - Image 17

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-03-07
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-.R-7 4'K


Page Fourteen


Tuesav. At Mrc- 7 _19Q7

Tuesday, March 7, 1967


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The Making of the University


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(Continued from Page 2)
cation in a 35,000-student multi-
versity. It is this kind of spirit
which develops people like Arthur
Miller and Edward White, Roger
Wilkins and Donald Cook, Thomas
Hayden and Irene Murphy, Gael
Greene and Mike Wallace. It is
this kind of spirit which serves
government and society through.
men like Gardner Ackley, Stanley
Caine, William Haber, Russell
Smith, John Bardach, Alex Eck-
stein, William Hubbard, Myron
Wegman, Fidele Fauri. It is this
kind of spirit which has fostered
the famous artificial tooth, the
bubble chamber, the survey re-
search method, "An Evening's
Frost," "A Frieze of Girls."
But there are also problems at
the University. If Peckham's book
is like all others in its inability to
capture the excitement of the
place, it is also like all other of-
ficial history in its avoidance of
her problems. The Moving Finger
sticks in Peckham's book not only
as it nears modern times but also
as it looks to the future.
There is, for example, little
mention made of what is happen-
ing to education, the first of Kerr's

three faces of the multiversity.
Something serious is happening,
and it is unfortunate that 'Peck-
ham leaves it out.
A few examples should suggest
what is going on. The average
class size, weighted by time, of
courses taught by professors at
the freshman-sophomore level in
most social science courses is well
over 300 students. The residence
hall system, in the words of one
resident advisor, suffers less from
a poor philosophy than from no
philosophy. Counseling, in the pri-
vate admission of officials in the
Office of Student Affairs, is either
totally inadequate or nonexistent.
Sparks should fly in classes of
bright, eager students and able,
young teachers-but they don't.
Something is wrong, for students
instead spend their time staring
out windows.
undergraduate also gets the
feeling that the other two faces of
the University - research and
"service"-have become increas-
ingly dominant over education.
Research, as Kerr predicted, has

undercut education ("publish or
perish," as the old saw goes) has
also subtly but powerfully altered
the whole curriculum as depart-
ments focus on areas where the
research money is.-
"Service"-the idea that the Uni-
versity should do certain things
for society-has continually jeop-
ardized education. In time past,
legislative pressures and inade-
quate appropriations forced a de-
cline in the diversity of the stu-
dent body through the instate-
outstate ratio. In time present a
harried administration has clamp-
ed down on innocuous and valu-
able student activities for fear of
what prudish alumni and legisla-
tors would think.
The appalling and expedient de-
cision last year to submit member-
ship lists of campus political
groups to the House Un-American
Activities Committee and the
equally irresponsible pressure on
Cinema Guild officials against
showing experimental films are
examples of how "service"-filling
a role society expects a university
to fill-have mitigated against ed-
Indeed, as Kerr emphasized in
describing education, research and
service, these three functions of
the multiversity often conflict.
They are symbiotic, but also an-
tagonistic; they form a balance,
but it is often - an "uneasy bal-
ance." The root of many of the
problems of today's University
stem not so much from the six

"troubles" which Peckham men- faculty salaries have plummeted
tions but rather the fact that the from fifth place to seventeenth in
three functions of today's multi- national rankings of the American
versity are often inconsistent with Association of University Profes-
and irreconcilable to each other. sors. From 1957-1966, total enroll-
These inconsistencies spawn much ment rose 42.5 per cent-but the
of the University's modern history, University's General Fund budget
and this history Peckham leaves in real terms (adjusted for infla-
largely unreported. tion) rose only 33.7 per cent.
A SOLUTION TO one of the
''troubles"Peckham referst ONEY IS PERHAPS the most
however, is excellent balm for the serious _ problem which the
conflicts which Kerr's three func- University now faces. If it cannot
.nmeet this challenge, the Univer-
tions engender: money. If there is sity simply won't be able to com-
one single thing one can say that pete or maintain its greatness. It
the University has always needed, will become, a second-class school.
it is the wise expenditure of Peckham's book ends on a cheer-
money. ful, optimistic note. This review
The men who run the Univer- cannot. The conflicts between ed-
sity-which means faculty as well ucation, research and service, and
as administrators, for the Univer- above all the money crisis, do not
sity is a decentralized place - permit it.
know how to spend money; but The Making of the University
now, as in the past, the University of Michigan is an entertaining,
appears headed for a spell of mon- instructive book, and no one who
ey problems, hopes to understand the Universi-
The current $55-M Fund Drive ty should ignore it. But those who
appears unlikely to solve the mon- hope the book's hopeful prophecy
ey problem: well under $4 million will be fulfilled should do more
is unrestricted money. While than read it. As the University
President Hatcher is preparing to entersritsdsesquicentennial yearit
announce that the. $55 million needs two things, above all else,
mark has been reached, that total from its alumni and admirers:
is composed largely of items like sensitivity and money-sensitivity
the $10 million Highway Research to the conflicts and needs within
Institute - which, while it will the University, and money to help
solve highway problems, is not solve them. These two things have
going to protect "the vital margin always sustained the University's
of excellence" whose preservation greatness in the past. And they
is the purpose of the Fund Drive. perhaps more than anything else
Nor does the state seem ready will continue it for the future.
to provide money. The University's
budget request this year-substan- MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
tially lower than departmental re- past editor of The Daily, is a
quests - was $76.4 million; the senior majoring in Honors Eco-
Governor has recommended a nomics. He will study at Oxford
meager $62 million. Yet the money University in England next
crisis is serious. Since the Fifties, year on a Rhodes Scholarship.

The Catholepistenmiad:
A 150 Year History

(Continued from Page 6)
ally enough, the Institute for
Science and Technology.
Long-Standing Programs
Such long-standing programs as-
the Great Lakes Research Divi-
sion and the Geophysics Research
Division were included under the
same administration as the Bio-
physics Research and area In-
dustrial Development Divisions.
From the beginning, this scheme
has had its problems because of
the diversity of interests among
disciplines represented among its
researchers. The lack of cohesion'
of the goals of the 17 programs
under its auspices has given it
somewhat of a hodge-podge ap-
pearance The operation does,
however, administer these opera-
tions efficiently.
Some offshoots of the classified;
government research which was
handled during the war era are
still carried on in IST divisions
such as the highly classified proj-
ect MICHIGAN under the super-
vision of the U.S. Army. Most of
this work is pursued in the Uni-
versity laboratories at the Willow
Run Airport and is related to the
University in name only.
Spectacular Growth
The newest research building on
campus belongs to the most spec-
tacularly growing institute in the
University. The Institute for So-
cial Research began from
the initiative of a group survey
department of the U.S. depart-
ment of agriculture during the
war. Prof. Rensis Likert, the man
who developed the Institute to its
present form, heads a distin-
guished group of researchers in
economics, sociology and psychol-
ogy who study an intriguing spec-
trum of programs in the social
The three-part division of this
Institute reflects the diverse types
of work being done within its con-
fines. The Survey Research Cen-
ter has perfected the "art of in-
terviewing, while the Center on
Group Dynamics tackles the soci-
ological factors 'behind group,

dently. The Medical Center, which,
has become a complex cluster of
buildings containing a maze of
interconnected halls, is not onlys
the home of the medical and nurs-
ing schools, but houses research on
many fronts. Large grants haver
aided the growth of the researchc
capabilities of the complex, sucht
as the Kresge Laboratories and the
new Upjohn Center, now under
Another exciting installation is
the Phoenix Project, which oper-
ates a full-scale nuclear swimming
pool reactor on North Campus. The
million megawatt reactor has been
in operation since the inception of
a new department of nuclear engi-
neering in 1958.
The reactor is employed in sev-
eral departments, especially useful
in the Radiation Therapy Labora-
tory, which is connected with the
Kresge research laboratories of
the medical complex. Irradiation!
studies and investigation of inter-
nal structures and cell diagnosis st
just as important as proving ato-
mic theories when the reactor is
in use.
Successful Operation
The Mental Health Research in-t
stitute is another institute whichc
has become a successful operationI
at the University. Although its title
is rather misleading, the institutel
takes in a full latitude of research1
in the function of the brain andt
the chemical reactions of learning
and remembering.
Such fields as biochemistry, psy-
chologys neurophysiology, psycho-
pharmacologyand an excellent
program in psycholinguistics aree
major concerns of the MHRI. Thet
researchers delve into practically
every aspect of mental informa-
tion processing and in biological
systems research. Their findingsI
are most often expressed in termsc
of mathematical formulas.
The Center has proved to be an
excellent stimulus to new investi-
gations in 40 related fields in the
University, such as economics and
psychology, and is perhaps the
most diverse and theoretical insti-
tute at the University. Such new
and intriguing devices as "game
theories" and theories of urban
growth are common parlance at
the MHRI.
Linguistics Study

whose illnesses are under study in
research projects in the medical
The size and scope of research
at the University is truly pheno-
menal and reflects a great deal of
commitment both on the part of
the administration and the facul-

Its planners recognize the vastness
of " ie fields of study and, as such,
have joined with administrators
of the other schools in the Big
Ten conference and with the Uni-
versity of Chicago in an organiza-
tion known as the Committee on
Institutional Cooperation (CIC).

cial 20-bed Clinical Research Unit, The University does not stand
which treats volunteer patients alone in its research efforts.either





The city of Ann Arbor will high-
light its contributions to the Un-
iversity's Sesquicentennial cele-
bration by hosting a formal re-
ception for all visitors during
each of the five major events
during 1967.
The first will be April 26 when
the University starts a conference
on Higher 'Education in Tomor-
row's World.
Other conferences include July
12-14, The University and the
Body Politic; Congress of Orien-
talists, August 14-21; and Voices
of Civilization, October 1-6.
The Ann Arbor Sesquicenten-
nial Committee has already print-
ed up 18,000 calendars with pic-
tures of the city's growth since
1857. Special editions of the cal-
endar will be given to guests of
the University.
Pictorial Display
The committee has also dis-
played a pictorial history of the
city on the first floor of the Mich-


igan Union, and plans to event-
ually move it to City Hall, thus
making it available to the child-
ren of the community.
The city is also planning ela-
borate decorations. Over 400 large
placards honoring therUniversity
in its 150th year will be placed on
I 1 S~1011
lamposts and poles throughout
the city. On one side of the pla-
card will be the Sesquicentennial
seal of Michigan with an arrow
pointing to Ann Arbor proclaim-
ing it as "The center of Re-
search." The placards will go up
in early March.
The city also plans to decor-
ate all islands and entrances to
the city. The public works de-



(Continued from Page 5)
In the early 1950's, the Univer-
sity began to develop a new cam-
pus on the north side of the
Huron River. Included in the par-
cel of land to be developed into
North Campus was one of the 40j
acretracts originally offered to
the Regents in 1837 and rejected.
The first building to go up on
North Campus was the Mortimer
Cooley Laboratory. North Campus

now is the home of the music
school, the Phoenix Laboratory for
peaceful uses of atomic energy,
the Institute for Science and Tech-
nology and extensive student hous-
ing developments.
In Hatcher's 15 years as presi-
dent, the University has continued
its growth, becoming in 1966 the
country's largest recipient of fed-
eral research funds.

Case for the Multiversity

(Continued from Page 3)
difficult to get to talk to a teach-
er here One of my best faculty
friends lectured to me as part
of a class of 600. I quickly dis-
covered that most students didn't
care to see him personally( ex-
cept maybe at exam time) and
that he had plenty of time to talk
with me.
Frankily I've never had much
difficulty getting in to see teach-
ers. Most seem willing to talk as
long as you're willing to listen.
All it takes is a little initiative on
the students' part.
In short, many, of the alleged
inadequacies of the multiversity
can be overcome with a little stu-
dent initative.
I am not arguing here that the
multiversity is without serious de-
fects. Occassionally the adminis-
tration and the students come
into conflict. Last fall, for ex-
ample, administrators tried to im-
pose new restrictions on student
sit-ins, over the University allow-

ing Ann Arbor police to take pic-
tures of activists at campus ral-
lies. The students mobilized, stag-
ed three sit-ins at the administra-
tion building (the largest had 1,-
500 students) and the University
responded by rescinding the ban.
But on the whole, the multiver-
sity is an attractive, exciting, and
worthwhile environment. At the
heart of my satisfaction, I think
is the fact that one's extra-curri-
cular life is his own.
Ever since the university fired
a dean of women six years ago
partically because she was notify-
ing the parents of students who
dated interracially "in loco par-
entis" has been on the way out.
The Key to Happiness
Since I moved out of the dorm-
itory in my freshman. year, my
non-academic life has been my
own. For me, and for many of
my friends, this. independence is
the key to happiness at the mul-


Serving Ann Arbor
Since 1937
The ultimate in fine dining.



In my case I've found a worth-
while enterprise in The Daily,
where I can speak my mind freely
about anything without any re-
strictions. For this paper is really
the students.' We know it and
love it. Because the paper is really
ours, because it is not the Uni-
versity's or anyone else's, all of
us can feel that we belong to
something and more important,
that something belongs to us.
For other students there are
other activities - organized and
unorganized - ranging from a-
mateur film-making to touch
football, all that are theirs. More
important, students here have
built their own community. For
example,. they have organized a
coffee house for entertainment, a
free university for education, a
photography company for money,
a co-operative for housing, and a
bookstore for economy.
The Student Community
In short, within this diverse
comminity, the students have
created their own world along
their own lines for their own
needs. Because of sheer numbers
the community is assurred a suf-
ficent number of people to mobil-
ize around any"interest from Andy
Warhol to Vivaldi.
Along these lines, lasting friend -
ships are discovered. New ideas
are argued and new thinking is
Thus the multiversity becomes
life where no one .knows or cares
about anyone else. Instead, it is
a diversified community where
there are plently of friends around
and the only real problem is hav-
ing encugh time for all of them.
And the University of Michigan,
in its 150th year, is a center for
this new spirit. From its long cor-
ridors and crowded classrooms are
pouring the leaders of our society
for the future, insuring an even
more excellent University 150
years from today.
in Journalism, is the present Daily

NO 5-3636

University of Michigan
Academic Achievement
Rcawoo & 1ftass
traditional excellence

membership in society. The Center 1A further project established un-
for Research in the Utilization of der the ORA is the Center for Re-
Scientific Knowledge explains it- search on Language and Language
self. Behavior, staffed by 120 experts
In a similar vein is the Center in the fields of language educa-
for Research on Learning and tion, linguistics and phonetics and
Teaching, establishedin 1961, communication sciences. The pur-
which places its special emphasis pose of their work is aimed at
on the new educational media, converting theories learned in the
such as programmed instruction, laboratory into workableinstruc-
computers and television. The cen- tional methods in the study of
ter's staff is composed of psychol- communication.
ogists and part-time consultants And these are but a few of the
in various media University's vast research opera-
The Largest tions which. range from the Com-
But the largest single research puting Center, for the study of
'unit on campus operates indepen- computer technology, to the spe-
U. of M.
332 So. State Street, Ann Arbor


The Making of
The University of
by Ruth Bordin


The Universit
A Pictorial H
by Howard

$6.50 each or $1 1.95 per set-Postage Po
More Sesquicentennial Publicc


Michigan Memories
by Emmons, Kemnitz & Forman
Our Michigan
by Erich Walter $1.75

Happy Birthd
by Jerry Bi
Michigan B.S
"before ses




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L,~~~. ...5~'. .~5YV
.. :..4:.

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