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February 23, 1967 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-23

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LAI KHE,-South Vietnam ()-
There are two main schools of
thought on how to win the war in
One is that you have to win
the hearts and minds of the peo-
ple with good works and fine ex-
ample, the dove-like approach.
This is difficult in Vietnam, where
the enemy is highly motivated, in-
herently cunning and deeply en-
The other way to win is to blast
the enemy into surrender or into
eternity with the biggest barrage
of explosives possible, the hawk-
like approach.
Of the two, Maj. Gen. William
E. DePuy prefers the second. He
it the fighter who guided the U.S.

1st Infantry Division, the "Big
Red One," with dynamic drive for
a long year.
"Just unload the biggest, the
loudest poundage of bombs and
artillery on a given area," DePuy
would say. "Then watch the Viet
Cong run out into your arms."
The two-star general, from
Jamestown, N.D., completed his
Vietnam tour of duty two weeks
ago but left his mark on the
The landscape north of Saigon
is slashed and scarred where Army
bulldozers carved away mile after
mile of Viet Cong forest hideouts
and base camps.'
Blackened patches indicate where
suspect enemy villages once stood.

The people were resettled in gov-
ernment-held areas, their former
homes burned.
Thousands of bomb and artil-
lery shell craters pit paddyfields
and jungles as though smallpox
had raged across the face of the
The single-mindedness with
which DePuy pursued his scorched
earth solution might have made
him something of a legend in
other wars, where victory and de-
feat were more easily discernible.
DePuy's dash on the battlefield
and his hair-raising flights into
fire fights by helicopter gave him
the image of something like a
latter day Gen. George S. Patton
of World War II fame.

But Vietnam is not World War'
II. Generals come and go.
DePuy drew criticism in U.S.
civilian agencies in Vietnam. They
considered he had a light regard
for the concepts of pacification.
High civilian officials professed
to be appalled at his demands for
more and more artillery and faster
fighterbomber response.
They characterized the slim, 47-
year-old feneral, a veteran of the
Normany invasion, as a man seek-
ing a purely military end to what
they viewed as an essentially po-
litical struggle.
DePuy shrugged off the civilian
He ruthlessly pruned his division
of officers he felt lacking in his

requirements. He wanted youth, areas and possible future ones.

above-avearage ability, stamina,
Hit hatchet man was Brig. Gen.
James F. Hollingsworth, a colorful
armored officer of World War II
fame. Together they reshaped the
devision, supervising every action,
investigating every fire fight. De-
Puy spent most of his time at for-
ward command posts.
He was usually airborne as the
sun rose each day out of the South
China Sea and flicked its rays into
the tangled jungles of the Iron
Triangle and War Zones C and D,
all between Saigon and the cen-
tral highlands.
From his helicopter, he made'
minute inspections of past battle

He would point with satisfaction
at a river bank blackened by artil-
lery fire and napalm and com-
ment, "We hammered Charlie
there." Or he would nod grimly at
a bend in a highway where his
men had been hit and say, "We
won't repeat that mistake again."
DePuy wasn't always identified
for his reliance on heavy firepower.
For nearly two years he was Gen.
William C. Westmoreland's opera-
tions chief at U.S. military head-
quarters in Saigon. He arrived at
a time when counterinsurgency,
with its dependence more on small
troop actions than big guns, was
in vogue.
DePuy says he became convinced

Viet E
of his military theories Aug. 25,
1966, when his troops engaged the
Viet Cong's entrenched Phu Loi
Battalion. The Americans tried to
overrun the enemy positions. Solid
concrete held them up.
DePuy's orders from then on
were for his troops to pull back
when they made contact with the
enemy and let air and artillery do
the rest.
He perfected a cloverleaf tech-
nique of patrolling. A unit moves
forward as a whole, then estab-
lishes a base and searches out the
enemy to the right and left be-
fore moving forward again. This
considerably limits the chances
of significant ambush.
E His division has used a big share

of the million artillery shells ex-
pended each month by allied for-
ces in Vietnam.
He advocates the use of more
750-pound bombs. These, he said,
when fitted for a delayed explo-
sion, will penetrate into the lower
levels of Viet Cong tunnels, goug-
ing craters 20 feet deep.
"Some of my ideas have
changed," he said in a recent in-
terview. "But I feel that I have
DePuy was not happy to leave
"My heart is here," he said.
He asked to stay on, but many
U.S. major generals are looking
for divisions to command in Viet-
nam, and LePuy has had his turn.


iesian President


Loses SeatsE



Retains Title;
Gen. Suharto
Takes Over
Sukarno May Have
Resigned To Avoid
Trial for Treason
JAKARTA, Indonesia 0) -
President Sukarno ended an era
yesterday by surrendering his re-
maining presidential powers, pos-
sibly to avoid being tried as a
traitor to the country he led to
In a statement, Sukarno said he
handed over all presidential power
to Gen. Suharto, the Indonesian
strong man, "for the sake of the
people and the country." But he
kept the now empty title of presi-
Political and military sources
said the action yesterday came
after Suharto agreed that Su-
karno would not be brought to
trial on charges of complicity in
the Indonesian Communist coup
that failed Oct. 1, 1965. In two
weeks of intense military pressure,
Suharto had warned Sukarno he
might be tried.
Keep Title,
Presumably, Suharto preferred
to let Sukarno keep his title to
head off trouble among the masses
of the 109 million Indonesians,
many of whom still regard the
president as a god-like figure.
"I the president of Indonesia
and supreme commander of the
armed forces of the Republic of
Indonesia, effective today, sur-
render executive power," said Su-
karno's statement.
Sukarno has been president and
one-man ruler for most of the 21
past years beginning in the days
when he was fighting the Dutch
for independence. And his action,
forced by the military, may have
spared the nation a bloodbath.
After Showdown
The statement was dated Mon-
day, the day after Suharto and
the armed forces commanders had
a showdown, meeting with Sukar-
no. Actually, Suharto took over
most presidential powers last
March and Sukarno long since
ceased to be armed armed forces
commander in chief.
Sukarno appealed "to all the
people, leaders, government ap-
paratus and armed forces to con-
tinue to intensify the unity of
the country and maintain and
strengthen the revolution." He
expressed hope "that the Almighty
God will previal over the Indone-
sian people in their aspirations to
establish a prosperous society."
Sukarno said Suharto would re-
port to him regularly on how
he was using the presidential
powers, but informants said the
president now stands alone with-
out a political future and this was
regarded as a face-saving gesture.

-Associated Press
INDONESIAN PRESIDENT SUKARNO (left) announced yesterday that he was giving up his
executive powers to General Suharto. The move was seen as an attempt to remove all of Sukarno's
authority, leaving him in a figurehead role.
Mao .Asks Army To Aid Farms
In Ujpcoming Spring Pantin

In India
Communists' Front,
Rightist Group Reduce
Government Majority
NEW DELHI, India ()- Woes
built up for the ruling Congress
party last night as returns flowed
in from the national elections.
Two Cabinet minister lost Parlia-
ment seats, and the head of the
party was reported to have lost a
state legislative post in Madras.
In addition, two other members
of the Cabinet were trailing.
All this came on the heels of a
worse then expected defeat at
the hands of a Communist front
that seized control of the legis-
lature in the southern state of
Retain Seat .
Routed in an attempt to retain
his parliamentary seat in New
Delhi was Housing Minister Mehr
Chand Khanna. The rightist Jan
Sangh party, which led national
agitation against the slaughter
of India's sacred cows, won six of
seven Parliament seats in New
Delhi, including Khanna's.
M. L. Sondhi a former foreign
service officer, won Khanna's seat.
The only member of the Congress
party to win his seat in New Delhi
was Brahm Per Kash.
The Maharaja of Bharatpur
hung a stinging defeat on Infor-
mation Minister Raj Bahadur. The
maharaja campaigned for Parlia-
ment as an independent at Bha-
ratpur, 100 miles south of New
Despite early setbacks, the Con-
gres party is expected to be in
control of Parliament when the
voting count from the weeklong
elections ends Friday or Saturday.
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's
parliamentary majority of 361
seats is expected to be sharply re-
duced, however. Parliament has .
520 seats.
In one closely watched person-
ality contest, however, the Con-.
gress was doing well. S. G. Barve,
a retired civil servant, jumped to
a 2-1 lead over leftist former De-
fense Minister V. K. Krishna Me-
non who is standing as an inde-
pendent from Bombay.
End Career
Should Menon lose, it would
probably end his long and con-;
troversial political career, which'
began a downward slide in 1962;
when Jawaharlal Nehru ousted,
him as defense minister following,
Indian army reverses at the hands,
of Communist Chinese troops .
Menon angrily quit Congress this'
election after the party asked him1
to stand for Parliament somewhere
besides his traditional Bombay
, Railways Minister S. K. Patil,;
who is standing from South Bom-
bay, is trailing slightly behnd labor
union leader George Fernandes of
the Socialist party in early re-
The other trailing Cabinet mem-
ber is Finance Minister Sachindra
Chaudhuri, who appears to be in
trouble in Calcutta. He has felt
the aftermath of public opinion
against the devaluation of India's
rupee last year.
Also in Calcutta, Atulya Ghosh;
treasurer of the Congress party,
is trailing 17,000 votes behind a1
Communist. Ghosh is a guiding'
figure in the Congress syndicate.
On the basis of unofficial re-
turns, Congress party President K.
Kamaraj failed to win election to1
the state legislature in Madras.
These returns indicated he was
beaten by 2,000 votes by P. Srini-
vasan, a student leader.

DETROIT ({P)-The United Auto
Workers Union summoned rebel-
lious leaders of an Ohio local to
Detroit yesterday for a showdown
hearing into a wildcat strike that
has crippled General Motors, the
nation's No. 1 automaker.
A GM spokesman said the dis-
pute would force the layoff of
133,250 workers at 57 plants in
14 states by the end of second-
shift operations last night. This
included 12 assembly plants and
45 related plants.
Leaders of the defiant Mans-
field, Ohio, Local 549, arrived at
UAW Solidarity House headquar-
ters in late afternoon and were
called into an immediate closed-
door session. The eight-member
delegation was headed by the local
union president. Robert Hall.
In ordering the Ohio leaders on
the carpet, the UAW said the ac-
tions of the local's officers may
be jeopardizing the success of the
inion's 1967 major contract nego-
tiations, which will open this sum-
Emil Mazey, UAW secretary-
treasurer, said in a telegram that
conditions in Mansfield "threaten
the continuation of the local

elude the "refusal and defiance"
of the local leadership is not coin-
plying with an earlier union tele-
gram ordering an end to the
Louis Seaton, GM vice president

strike could force a layoff of all
of BM's 240,000 production work-
ers, at a daily loss in wages of
$6.24 million. He said the average
pay is ,$26 a day.

Automobile Worker's Strike
Jeopardizes UAW Contracts

South Vietnamese Premier
Fears Sabotage of Elections

By The Associated Press

BIEN HOA, South Vietnam-
Viet Cong efforts to sabotage vil-
lage and hamlet elections must be
crushed if there is not to "be
seven or 10 or 15 more years of
var," Premier Nguyen Cao Ky said
Ky said Communists will do
whatever they can to wreck the
elections, to be held in late March
and April.
His remarks came hours after
four U.S. tanks sprayed each other
with machine gun fire to wash out
a predawn attack by Communist
suicide squads who swarmed over

Assassination Plot Suspect

the tanks in the Pleiku sector of,
the central highlands.
Ky addressed a seminar of pro-
vincial chiefs, their American ad-
visers and revolutionary develop-
ment cadres at the 3rd Corps mili-
tary headquarters in Bien Hoa, 25
miles northeast of Saigon.
A few miles from the Pleiku
region, mortars inflicted heavy
casualties on a 178-man company
of the U.S. 4th Infantry Division
as the company was setting up a
base camp facing the Cambodian
In the jungle War Zone C to
the south, reputed general head-
quarters of the Viet Cong, P52 jet
bombers staged four saturation
raids between midnight and dawn.
Targets were suspected base camps
and fortified positions that sur-
vived Operation Gadsden, the
latest allied ground sweep in that
border area northwest of Saigon.
In announcing the end of Oper-
ation Gadsden, the U.S. Command
said it had accounted for 161
Communist dead since it was
launched Feb. 2.
Political and military develop-
ments mingled elsewhere:
Field dispatches told of brisk
skirmishes in several sectors,'in
which 160 Viet Cong and North
Vietnamese troops were killed.
U.S. pilots struck again at Com-
munist transport in raids on North
Vietnam Tuesday, flying 70 mis-
sions. They said they knocked out
17 more supply trucks at the Mu
Gia Pass, boosting the two-day
total on that gateway to the Ho
Chi Minh trail to 103 destroyed
or damaged.

These conditions, he said, in- I in charge of personnel, said the

TOKYO (A')-China's Commu-
nist party Central Committee has
called on the army to help in
spring planting and ordered cul-
tural and art workers to help out
in farms and factories, reports
from Peking said yesterday.
This indicated that party chair-
man Mao Tse-tung was gravely
concerned over what his struggle
for power with President Liu Shao-
chi has done tQ production goals.
The official New China News
Agency saida letter from the Cen-
tral Committee declared: "Units
of the people's liberation army,
stationed locally and the military
organizations at all levels, should
exert every effort to support and
help with the work of spring cul-
The letter promised forgiveness
to opponents of Mao who are will-
ing to work, indicating there has
been sabotage among party cadres
responsible for production by the
nation's 500 million peasants.
"Those comrades who have
made mistakes should also make
energetic efforts in the spring cul-
tivation so as to make amends
for their mistakes by good deeds."
Radio Peking told of sabotage
on the farms, saying Mao's foes
arbitrarily distributed food grains
and induced commune members to
leave their jobs. It reported "a
new scheme" to destroy pig breed-
ing in the communes near Shang-

In addition to all this, armed
resistance to Mao has been re-
ported from all parts of China,
including the strategic, border
areas of Sinkiang and Tibet in the
west, Inner Mongolia in the north
and Manchuria in the northeast.
If true, this would add to eco-
nomic chaos by interrupting work
on farms and in factories. Some
of the dissidents in Sinkiang, for
exanple, have been soldiers de-
mobilized to work on farms.
The Japanese newspaper Asahi

in a dispatch from Peking said
the order to cultural and art work-
ers was dated Feb. 17 and was dis-
tributed yesterday in the Chinese
Signed by the party Central
Committee, it called on members
of cultural and art troupes to go
to rural areas to help in people's
communes and factories. It or-
dered them to stop running around
the country to exchange experi-
ences on the cultural revolution.

Found Dead iir
NEW ORLEANS, La. YP)--David'
W. Ferrie, a central figure in Dist.
Atty. Jim Garrison's current in-
vestigation of the assassination of
President John F. Kennedy, was
found dead in his bed yesterday.
He was nude, and a bedsheet was
pulled over his head.
Only last Saturday Ferrie had!
told the New Orleans Statesmen
that the district attorney was in-
vestigating him because "sup-
posedly I have been pegged as the
getaway pilot in an elaborate plot
to kill Kennedy." Ferrie called
Garrison's probe "a big joke."
Police said it was not immedi-
ately determined whether Ferrie's
death was murder, suicide or re-
sulted from natural causes. They
said a quantity of pills was found
near the body. ,
A Florida county solicitor was
also asked yesterday to exhume
the body of a man whose brother
said he believed was being harass-
ed by "agents" following the as-
sassination of Kennedy.
The man, Thomas Henry Kil-'
lam, died March 17, 1964, amid
shattered glass on a downtown
Pensacola street.
The Pensacola News-Journal
said Killam was married to a

i New Orleans
stripper who worked for Jack
Ruby in Dallas. The paper also
said that Killam worked as a
house painter with a man named
Jack Carter, who had roomed in
Dallas at one time with Lee Har-
vey Oswald.
Killam's brother, Earl, asked the
solicitor to exhume the body to
determine the cause of death.
Detectives yesterday questioned
a youth who reportedly found Fer-
rie's body. He appeared to be about
23, with sandy blond hair combed
long, with full sideburns. A police-
man said the youth was a friend
of Ferrie and one of his coworkers.


Soviet Official Says Missile
Defense Still Not Possible

Beth Israel Congregation will be interviewing appli-
cants for teaching positions in its Religious and
Hebrew Schools on March 8th and March 9th and
March 16th from 7:30 P.M. to 10:00 P.M. Appli-
cants should submit summaries of educational back-
ground and teaching experience to the synagogue
office, 1429 Hill Street, Ann Arbor, before March
1st. Interview appointments will be established
accordingly. Please include telephone number and

MOSCOW (MP)-The head of So-
viet civil defense contradicted a
general yesterday by saying the
Soviet Union'sdefenses areenot
capable of knocking out every
hostile plane and missile in the
event of war.
Marshal Vasily I. Chuikov's
warning came on the heels of re-
marks by a Soviet general who
implied that any missiles fired at
the Soviet Union would not reach
their targets.
The United States is currently
seeking to head off a Soviet-U.S.
race to develop antiballistic missile
Soviet military chiefs have said
previously that many attacking
missiles could be destroyed by the
Soviet defense system, but not all.
"Unfortunately," said Chuikov,
in a television address, "there are
no means yet which would guar-
antee complete security of our
twns and most important objects
from the blows of the enemy's
weapons of mass destruction."
Chuikov said that "in practice
it is impossible to intercept com-
pletely all modern planes, even
more so rockets launched through
space. A certain number of them
may reach the target."

His warning contrasted with the
claims made by the men on active
military duty responsible for the
nation's defenses.
Marshal Andrei A. Grechko, a
first deputy defense minister,
wrote yesterday in the government
paper Izvestia on the official posi-
He repeated a statement made
last April by the defense minister,
Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky,
that "modern means of antiair-
craft defense of the country pro-
vide for reliable destruction of
many planes and many rockets of
the adversary."
On Monday, Gen. Pavel G.
Kurochkin, head of the nation's
leading military academy, told a
news conference that missiles fired
at the Soviet Union would not
reach their targets.
"Detecting missiles in time and
destroying them in flight is no
problem," Kurochkin claimed.


World News Roundup

You Can't Get
In Without A
Februa ry 22
Sta rt
February 23
All Seats $2.50

By The Associated Press
CAIRO -President Gamal Ab-
el Nasser blasted the United
States Yesterday as "the guide of
of all reactionary forces indthe
Middle East."
In one of the most sweeping
indictments of U.S. policy since
he told the Americans to "jump
in the lake" in 1964, Nasser de-
clared in his 2 % hour speech that

which peace terms to consider.
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Dean Rusk said yesterday he
expects economic integration of
Latin America to be the prime sub-
ject for a summit conference of
hemisphere presidents in early

Toniaht by






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