WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1967
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
W E N S A , F B U A Y 1 , 16_H E M C I A A L
Britain, Russia F
'Secret Accord on
Anti-Maoists Battle, Declare
Martial Law in Tibetan Capital
TOKYO (P) - Bloody fighting ers of the Inner Mongolia and ment newspaper Izvestia contend-
between supporters and foes of Sinkiang military districts. ed that the Kremlin's "decisive
Mao Tse-tung has broken out in -Chiang Ching, Mao's third position" and "the staunch and
Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, and wife who has come to the fore as courageous behavior of Soviet peo-
anti-Maoists have declared mar- a leader of the cultural revolution, ple in Peking" had forced Red
tial law in the city, Japanese dis- has been named chairman of a China to relax its 18-day seige of
patches from Peking said yester- new committee to promote Mao's the Soviet Embassy. But Izvestia
day. purge in central party and gov- added that the "anti-Soviet cam-
Wall posters in Jeking said op- ernment organizations, a post paign in China is not weakened."
ponents of Mao clashed with arm- likely to give her new power. Pre- Japanese correspondents reported
ed Maoists forces last Friday and mier Chou En-lai was named to Tuesday that Red Guard demon-
seized control of Lhasa's security the committee as her adviser. strations in front of the Soviet
agency, the police office, the Mu- In Moscow, the Soviet govern- Embassy had ceased.
nicipal party headquarters and
the offices of the Peoples Com- !R f s s/
mittee, the reports said.So
The dispatches, in the Tokyo
newspaper Yomiuri and the Kyodo
news service,said the dissidentsArrestTrial PossibleResult
inflicted scores of casualties and stTri l oss bl R e ul
Plan Could Involve
Halt in U. S. Attacks, j
N. Viet Supp'ly Line
LONDON (R)-Prime Minister
Harold Wilson told Parliament
yesterday he had reached a secret
agreement with the Soviet Union
on a plan to end the war in Viet-
nam. He said one "very small
move" is needed to launch it.
The British leader, reporting on
his hectic week-long effort with
Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin
to start the peace program, held
But informants said "the very
small move" would require North
Vietnam to cut off arms and men
-though not food or other non-
lethal supplies-from its estimated
10q,000 troops fighting in South
Halt in U.S. Attacks
This move would be synchron-
ized with a U.S. military halt in
attacks against dommunist North
Vietnam. The two moves together
would clear the way for talks be-
tween the main contenders to ar-
range a peace conference, the
For the second successive day
Wilson proclaimed "the road to a
solution remains open."
But he said that during the
lunar new year truce in Vietnam
a massive southward movement; of
North Vietnamese troops and sup-
plies on a scale far greater than
in any previous cease-fire "threat-
ened to create a severe military
This. Wilson said, made it hard-
er for President Johnson to be-
lieve North Vietnam "wished to
use the truce for an effort to
peace rather than for war."
For '66 Hits
Fowler Calls Deficit
'Respectable' in Light
Of Vietnam War Cost
took more than 10 prisoners.
The anti-Maoists were led by JAKARTA, Indoneisa ()-Presi-:
WASHINGTON(1) - The U.S., Gen. Chang Kuo-hua, one of the dent Sukarno turned down yester-:
dollar drain deteriorated slightly most powerful men in western day a last proposal from Indone-
last year to $1.424 billion, but China, the reporots said. He led sia's military leaders that he step
Secretary of the Treasury Henry the Red Chinese army into Tibet down gracefully from the post he
H. Fowler called this a "respect- in 1959, forcing the Dalai Lama has held since the end of World
able performance" considering the to seek refuge in India, and has War II.
war in Vietnam. been there since as commander of Military informants said the re-
The 1966 deficit in the U.S. bal- the Tibet military district and jectiot means Sukarno could be
ance of payments was $87 million first secretary of the Communist brought to trial in connection with
more than the deficit of a year party organization there. a Communist attempt to seize pow-
earlier, but about half that of 1964. These other developments were er in October 1965.
"Further progress," Fowler said, reported in the turmoil on the ,
"depends mainly on trade and Chinese mainland: b Gndonesnas governo nt is u-
Vietnam." -Peking wall posters, also re- rn
Vietnam War ported in the Japanese press, I kano is a figurehead. His old re-
He said the Vietnam war had pointed to a sweeping purge of top last March, and a purge of Cam-
added $685 extra million to the military men in an effort to elim- munists ensued.
dollar drain during 1966 and the mate supporters of President Liu Of the old order which brought
entire buildup which began in Shao-chi, a leading foe of Mao. A Ofnte told orr tii ith R d
1965 meant an increased deficit correspondent for the Japanese Indonesia ino close es wt e
of $950 million through last Dec. newspaper Sankei said 25 military China, only Sukarno is left.
31. leaders are under attack, includ- Suharto and civilian members
7r o t ta u nh u ~ded U sao ofhis Cabinet have ben appeal-
Foler also cited a trade sur- ing Deputy Defense Minister Sstoosuanoto quitte presi-
n ,,7 ; ,d, u Ching-kuang and the command- ingtoSkrooquthepsi1
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER Harold Wilson told Parliament and later the British people via tele-
vision that he had'reached secret agreement with the U.S.S.RI on a plan to end the Vietnam war.
Wilson held back details but said that the plan "could bring peace tomorrow" and requires one
"small move" to launch it.
Pentagon DeClares Possibility
Hanoi Buildup in Truce
WASHINGTON () - Hanoi
probably planned for weeks in ad-
vance to transport thousands of
tons of war materials toward
South Vietnam during the lunar
new year bombing pause, Penta-
gon spokesmen said yesterday.
The result was a logistics op-
eration staged without fear of at-.
tack. The move involved 2,770
trucks and vessels transporting at
least 25,000 tons of ammunition
An unspecified amount already
has filtered into South Vietnam
ammunition and equipment to-
ward South Vietnam during the
96-hour bombing pause that start-
ed last Wednesday. The total, de-
scribed as more than they had
moved in any previous 30-day per-i
iod, was calculated as sufficient
to support a 10,000-man division
in combat for 250 days.
Administration spokesmen have
acknowledged that the United
States also used the truce to re-
supply its forces, but have given
Scene of the major activity was
between North Viet Nam's 19th
Parallel which roughly marks the
The bulk of the supplies was
moved during the first 48 hours of
the truce. Aerial sportters describ-
ed the province just north of the
demilitarized zone as crowded with
trucks and the mouths of four
rivers between them and South
Vietnam were said to have been
jammed with powered junks and
The Pentagon said vessel traffic
slackened during the last two days
of the truce "partly due to bad
weather and also because the
North Vietnamese were undoubt-
edly dispersing and hiding their
boats in anticipation of resump-
tion of air strikes."
Plus 01, only X3,.7 illiion-tne low-
est since 1959-as the second main
reason for the continued balance
of payments deficit last year. This
was $1.1 billion lower than the
1965 trade surplus.
But Fowler said a slight increase
in the trade surplus during the
fourth quarter of 1966 was "mo-
This country runs a deficit in its
balance of payments when it
spends more in other countries
than foreigners spend here. The
Johnson administration is trying
to end this drain to retain confi-
dence and stability in the dollar.
Each dollar going overseas re-
presents a potential drain on U.S.
gold since the United States guar-
antees conversion into gold of the
dollar holdings of foreign central
Latest Moon Shot To Film
Possible Landing Spots
Wilson said both sides have yet I but most is still enroute, and U.S.
to trust each other's sincerity in
wanting a settlement.
Wilson himself personally ac-
cepted "100 per cent American
sincerity to negotiate for peace"
and North Vietnam's genuine wish
for a settlement. But he recog-
nized Hanoi's concern about leav-
ing its troops in South Vietnam
"denuded of necessary supplies."
Wilson's account won the back-
ing of Edward Heath's opposition
conservatives but failed to satis-
fy, leftwing members of his own
Condemn U.S. Bombing
About one-third of the govern-
ment's members in the House of
Commons signed a motion con-
demning renewed U.S. bombing of
North Vietnam. It called on, the
Wilson. government to dissociate
Britain from the action.
The leftwingers sent a deputa-
tion with a protest to the U.S.
Embassy. At one point 56 mei-
bers offered to make the "protest
march," but in the end only 14
Wilson declined to reveal details
of his exchanges either with Kosy-
gin or President Johnson over
He' spoke of his "tragic disap-
pointment" that peace talks had
not been arranged, especially since
there were moments when success
had been very near.
A Conservative, Lord Balniel,
asked Wilson if Kosygin had made
clear the Soviet Union still con-
siders as valid its share role with
Britain as co-chairmen of the
Indochinese peacemaking ma-
military planners are preparing
for stepped-up air attacks to in-
hibit the traffic flow.
Thus far, sources said, air mis-
sions have been severely limited
by bad weather over the southern
panhandle of North Vietnam.
Monsoon clouds have shrouded
targets, and a number of missions
have been cancelled because of
Foul weather has also slowed,
the assessment of bomb 'damage
inflicted through renewed U.S. air
raids on North Vietnam's supply
lines and the munitions reportedly
hustled south during the truce.
A U.S. spokesman forecast last
month that the northeast mon-
soons would create poor flying
conditions over North Vietnam
In the strikes yesterday, the
first since the truce for the lunar
new year, breaks in the overcast
were few. Strikes could be made,
however, with radar guidance.
Railway facilities in a half doz-
en areas of North Vietnam were
'reported among targets of theh
raiders, unleashed by President,
Johnson's order about 42 hours
after expiration of the truce.
With Ho Chi Minh's regime
spurning the idea of putting any
check on its own war effort, John-
son said, "in fairness to our own
troops and those of our allies, we
had no alternative but to resume
In Washington, the Pentagon
announced the North Vietnamese
used 2,200 trucks andd 1,572 ves-
sels to rush at least 25,000 tons of
X \ ) AJ4LI II SeV It SilSlil
Exceed Average Service Rates
WASHINGTON (m)-Negro en-
listed men make up about 11 per
cent of the total fighting force in
South Vietnam but accounted for
17.8 per cent of the over-all com-
bat deaths through 11 months of
last year, statistics showed yester-
This means that Negroes were
being killed last year at a rate
about 60 per cent higher than
their proportion of servicemen in
the Southeast Asian country-in
comparison to those of other races.
The Defense Department statis-
tics also indicated that propor-
tionally more Negroes died last
year in Vietnam than in previous
No precise comparisons can be
made because of lack of data.
But last March the Pentagon
released figures showing that
about 12 per cent of the total en-
listed fighting force in Vietnam
between 1961 and 1965 was Negro
and the Negro enlisted death rate
in those years was 18.6 per cent.
This means that Negroes were
being killed those years at a rate
about 55 per cent higher than
their incidence in Vietnam.
Negroes comprise about 10 per
cent of the U.S. population.
The Pentagon statistics made
available to an inquiring news-
man, but not distributed by the
Defense Department. Asked about
this, one official explained, "that's
the way we always do it."
Defense Department officials, in
interviews yesterday gave these
reasons for the hight proportion
of Negroes in the front lines:
-Educational deficiencies. One
official said that "Negroes bring
educational deficiencies into the
service," and this drastcally limits
the number and type of jobs that
are available to their. More than
20 per cent of the combat infan-
trymen are Negro, the official said,
and added: "No one has ever
claimed that a combat, infantry-
man has to be a brain."
-Re-enlistments. Officials noted
that first-term Negro soldiers are
re-enlisting at nearly three times
the rate of other races. This
means, one source said, when you
look at a Vietnam combat unit
the middle NCO non-commission-
ed officer grades-the cadres-
are going to have a higher per-
centage of Negroes, up to 25 per
cent in some units.".
-Volunteers. Officials also said
Negroes generally volunteer for
elite units such as special forces
or the Army's two airborne divi-
sions because of the added prestige
and the added pay these units
offer. Negroes reportedly comprise
up to 25 per cent of the total per-
sonnel in the airborne divisions.
The statistics also showed the
Negro officers are dying at pro-
portionally lower rates than other
races. Through Dec. 1 of last year,
two Negro officers were killed in
action. There were 740 other of-
PASADENA, Calif VP) - Lunar
Orbiter 3 is set to snap its first
pictures of possible astronaut
landing sites-covering a relative-
ly smooth area in the dry Sea of
Tranquility-at 5 a.m. EST today.
If all goes well the pictures will
be radioed three hours later to a
tracking station at Madrid, Spain,
where prints will be released as
soon as possible.
Other views of the site, one of
12 photographic targets along the
moon's equator, are scheduled to
be radioed when the earth's rota-
tion brings the space-cruising pho-
to lab in range of another track-
ing station at nearby Goldstone,
Calif., at 4 p.m.
Prints of photographs received
at Goldstone would be released
about 9 p.m. at Jet Propulsion La-
boratory here, center of a world-I
wide tracking network. These will
be analyzed by Natural Aeronau-
tics and Space Administration sci-
entists at a news conference
Thursday at the Jet Propulsion
The area also was covered by
Lunar Orbiters 1 and 2 last year.
Comparison of photographs taken
by the three identcal craft is ex-
pected to enable scientists to pick
the safest sites for manned land-
ings in the Apollo program.
Site No. 1 is a dark area near
a low volcanic dome south of the
crater Maskelyne F in the south-
eastern part of the Sea of Tran-
quility, near the eastern edge of
the lunar disk. Earlier pictures
indicate there are relatively few
craters in this region and the lar-
ger ones have been smoothed out
by volcanic material.
Lunar Orbiter 3 snaps its pic-
tures at the low point of its 33 by
1,146 mile orbit as it passes over
the lunar equator. The target sites
World News Roundup
shift to the left along a 200 by
1,700 mile landing zone as the
moon revolves beneath the orbit-
A total of 212 wide-angle and
212 closeup pictures are to be tak-
en by Feb. 23, covering the 12
landing sites and possibly some
areas on the hidden back side of
the moon. The pictures are to be
processed and stored aboard the
aircraft and radioed to earth on
command, with the last to be re-
ceived early next month.
T h e 850 - pound spacecraft,
launched from Cape Kennedy, Fla.,
Feb. 4, swung into orbit around
the moon four days later. Photo-
graphy will start on its 44th 3V2-
hour orbit, a spokesman said.
dency and leave the country be-
fore he is dragged down.
The appeals apparently went ig-
nored and in one final gesture
Suharto submitted a signed state-
ment to Sukarno. It proposed that
Sukarno turn over complete pow-
ers to Suharto and quit the coun-
Sukarno rejected this and of-
fered a counterproposal but the
informants said this was rejected
by the military.
In complex proceedings at Su-
karno's whitewashed palace,, Su-
karno said he would only approve
the executive powers Suharto re-
ceived in March 1966.
What this meant, sources said,
is that Sukarno hoped to give the
powers on a temporary basis and
take them back if an opportunity
The sources said Sukarno's final
rejection of the offer to step down
from power meant Congress would
go through with an investigation
in March into Sukarno's links with
the Communist party.
Congress has been pressured by
students and Parliament to dis-
miss Sukarno and appoint an act-
When Congress completes its
investigation--and Congress lead-
ers already have accused Sukarno
of being 'fully involved in the
abortive Communist coup-there
will be no choice but to bring Su-
karno to trial, the sources said.
Other military sources added,
however, that Suharto remains
very reluctant to try Sukarno
since it would put the entire In-
donesian nation on trial. Further
compromise moves could still be
offered, they said.
Sukarno remained outwardly
confident, however, during the pal-
ace ceremonies and stressed to
newsmen he would still be in pow-
er next month.
NEW DELHI, India (A) -- India
is starting its fourth general elec-
tion today. The balloting will last
for a week.
yAbout 250 million people, 75
percent of them illiterate, are eli-
gible to choose 520 members of
Parliament and 3,383 legislators
who will run therfederal and state
governments for the next five
Voting will be delayed by a
couple of months, however, in
snowbound areas in the higher
Himalayas. None will take place
in extreme eastern and southern,
Assam State, where the govern-
ment is at war with rebellious Na-
ga and Mizo tribesmen.
Because of military rule in the
northeast frontier agency, where,
Indian soldiers are on guard
against the Communist Chinese,
President Sarvepalli Radhakrish-
nan will nominate one man toi
Parliament as the. area represen-
Clayton Powell and a former bea-
uty queen took at least 10 trips
together from Miami to Bimini
after government-paid flights to
Florida and in 1965 and 1966,
House investigators were told yes-
Government auditors also pro-
duced records to indicate that in
all of these cases the name of Miss
Corrine A. 'Huff, Powell's secretary
and traveling companion int re-
cent years, did not appear on
flight coupons to Miami.
Miss Huff, 25, abeauty contest
winner, did not respond yester-
day when called to tes4ify before
the select House committee in-
quiring into Powell's qualifications
for his House seat. She was served
with a committee subjoena in Bi-
mini last Saturday.
Starting Its National Tour in Ann Arbor!
"SUPERIOR OFF-BEAT, AND
~Oll M3O NaEgLNS DR
,SMa 0N [ & oSCY R Dae
SUGGESTED FOR MATURE AUDIENCES
Wednesday 7, 9
GEORGE GERSHWIf DUIOSE HEY WARD
FRIDAY at 7:15 P.M.
Group Dialogue* with
The Newman Student Association
"Where Can The Jewis and Catholics
See EYE to EYE?"
John Planer, Cantor and the
Hillel Choir, directed by
Steven Orvitsky will chant the
Service. Joan Spitzer is the Organist.
"A Superb Dramatic Work of Art!"
-Watts, N.Y. Post
N.Y. DRAMA CRITICS PRIZE
& TONY AWARD WINNER
MONDAY and TUESDAY
" li "
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