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February 14, 1967 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-14

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TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1887

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE TIMEN

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1967 THE MICHIGAN DAHY

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Johnson0

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Alternatives,

CHINESE STRIFE:

Report New Opposition

U.S.
to o
Bases Move
On Hanoi's
Operations
Prepared To Meet
More Than Halfway
In Any Negotiations
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press special orresponde
WASHINGTON (M-The Uni
States resumed the bombing
North Vietnam yesterday a
President Johnson said "we 1
no alternative" because of Han
actions.
But the President said age
"We are prepared at any time
go more than halfway to m
any equitable overture for pe
from the other side."
Johnson charged in the sta
ment that North Vietnam's o
response to peace moves had be
to mount "major resupply effc
of their troops in South Vietnar
Combat Resumed
The end of the 5 -day bomb:
suspension was announced by t
Pentagon which stated shortly
ter 12:30 p.m. EST: _"Coma
operations against military targ
in North Vietnam have now be
resumed."
The return of the bombers
North Vietnam- followed by a f
hours the failure of efforts
British Prime Minister Har
Wilson and Soviet Premier Ale
N. Kosygin to find an immedic
means to move the war to the cc
ference table.
Kosygin returned to Moscow i
mediately while Wilson went 1
fore parliament and said, "'I
road to solution remains ope
despite any immediate disappoir
ment.
Johnson's statement said, "I
door to peace will rema
open" but his words also reflect
a widespread feeling here that I
surge of peace hopes which beg
building up in the world t
months ago had passed its clim
this weekend and has now r
ceded.
"It had been our hope," Job
son said, "that the truce peric
connected with Christmas, N
Year's and Tet-Vietnamese lur
new year-might lead to soi
abatement of hostilities and
moves toward peace. Unfortunal
ly the onlyresponse we have h
from the Hanoi government w
to use the periods for major r
supply efforts of their troops
South Vietnam.
"Despite our efforts and thc
of third parties, no other respor
has yet come from Hanoi.
"Under these circumstances,
fairness to our own troops a:
those of our allies, we had no a
ternative but to resume full-sca
hostilities after the cease-fire."
Third Parties
The mention of "third partie
was clearly a reference to t
Kosygin-Wilson diplomacy as w
as peace activities of Pope Pa
VI, U.N. Secretary-General
Thant and various governmer
which have been active in co
tacts with North Vietnam.
The third of the truce perio
ended at 6. p.m. Saturday. T
United States and South Vietna
resumed military operations
the South at that time.
Johnson, however, ordered

continued suspension of bombib
and it ran in total for more the
42 hours while Wilson and Kos;
gin sought vainly to find some w
to get North Vietnam to lo:
quickly in efforts to scale down t)
war and move toward a conferen
table.
Since the beginning of the pea
offensive period in December the:
have been three intervals of tru
and diplomats were particular
hopeful that the last one la
week-centered around the Vie
namese lunar new year-mig
bring a breakthrough in the sear(
for a peace formula.
The first reported strike was
the southern panhandle of Norl
Vietnam where the Communist a:
reported to have carried out
massive supply buildup during tl
four-day new year's truce.
The heavy, unimpeded flow
ammunition- and other materi
for the Viet Cong and North Vie
namese to use in South Vietna
was a cause for concern to Ame:
loan officials during the truce ai
one of the reasons the attac]
were resumed soon after Kosygi
left London.

Ends

Bombing

-Associated Press
EXCHANGING FAREWELLS yesterday after a week of discussion in London were British Prime
Minister Harold Wilson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin at Gatwick Airport.
Air Strikes slit Supply Routes
n Post-Truce Vietnam Action

SAIGON (R)- U.S. jet fighter-
bombers resumed the air war on
North Vietnam today with post-
midnight strikes in the southern
panhandle and its network of
supply routes into South Vietnam,
the U.S. Command reported.
It said U.S. Air Force F40
Phantom jets attacked through
clouds that prevented an immed-
iate assessment of damage. Earlier

the U.S. Command had reported a
heavy flow of truck traffic in both
north and south directions in
North Vietnam and sightings of
cargo vessels headed south alon
its coast.
A spokesman said air strikes
also were under way elsewhere in
North Vietnam but he added de-
tails were not available. He said
he did not know whether a nor-

Ban on Draft Card Burning
Upheld by Supreme Court

WASHINGTON ()) - The Su-
preme Court refused yesterday by
vote of 8 to 1 to review a 1965 law
that prohibits draft card burning.
Its constitutionality was chal-
lenged by David J. Miller, 24, a
self-described Roman Catholic pa-
cifist. The first person indicted
unedr the law, Miller was con-
victed in February 1965 of burn-
ing his card at a protest rally
against the war.
Only Justice William O. Douglas
favored giving Miller a hearing.
The approval of four justices is re-
quired to get a case before the Su-
preme Court.
Backed by the New York Civil
Liberties Union, Miller claimed
the law unconstitutionally abridges
free speech rights and that its
purpose is to suppress dissent.
U.S. Solicitor General Thurgood
Marshall defended the law as "an
appropriate regulatory measure
designed to preserve a document
which plays an important role in
the administration of the Selective
Service System."
By this decision the government
remains free to prosecute such
protesters. However, two other
cases pending before the high
court challenge the legality of the
draft and the war itself
The court also served stern no-
tice on prosecutors yesterday that.
convictions obtained "by the
knowing use of false evidence"'
cannot stand.
With that declaration, the court
unanimously threw out the murder
conviction of a former taxi driver
who once was only seven hours
away from the electric chair in
Illinois.
The prosecution at Lloyd Eldon
Miler Jr.'s trial "deliberately mis-
represented the truth" by claiming;
shorts found about a mile from
the murder scene were stained
with blood and not with paint,,
said Justice Potter Stewart.
The Constitution "cannot tol-
erate a state criminal conviction
obtained by the knowing use of
false evidence," Stewart wrote.
"There has been no deviation
from the established principle.
There can be no retreat from the
principle here."
At the same time the court dis-
missed the draft card case, agreed
to rule on Maryland's "loyalty
oath" law and on a New York law
that bars distribution of unsigned
political literature.

Under Maryland's Ober law, en-
acted in 1949, applicants for state
government jobs and candidates
for public office in the state, must
swear they are not trying to over-
throw the government "by force or
violence."
It is being challenged as an in-
fringement upon freedom of ex-
pression, belief, and association.
Howard J. Whitehill Jr., a lecturer
at Johns Hopkins University, and
the American Civil Liberties Union
made the appeal.
The New York law banning dis-
tribution of unsigned political
literature is being challenged by]
Sanford Zwickler, who wanted to
circulate anonymous leaflets in
Brooklyn. He claims the law re-
strains First Amendment free ex-
pression.

mal series of missions would be'
ordered immediately.
"They won't know what they
will be hitting today until they
take a good look at the weath,"
he said.
The first post-truce air strike
was reported launched in the pan-
handle at 1:17 a.m.-12:17 p.m..
EST, yesterday.
The new year-Tet-truce be-
gan at 7 a.m. last Wednesday-
6 p.m., EST, last Tuesday. It
ended at 7 a.m. Sunday-6 p.m.,
EST, Saturday.
Almost immedately, the air war
began against Communist posi-
tions in South Vietnam. It con-
tinued yesterday with strikes by
U.S. Air Force B52' bombers
against suspected Viet Cong posi-
tions 44 and 50 miles north and
northeast o fSaigon.
The allies reported no signifi-
cant ground action yesterday in
South Vietnam, although 16 mili-
tary operations got under way
against the Communists as soon
as the truce came to an official
end.
While air attacks were suspend-
ed in North Vietnam, the United
States apparently continued re-
connaissance flights. The U.S.
Command indicated this in its re-
ports of the truck and water traf-
fic in North Vietnam. It said
trucks and water vessels were on
the move all night Sunday and
into the morning hours yesterday.

ause
Wilson Sees
Peace Road
As Still Open
Pledges with Kosygin
To Keep Trying for
End of Vietnam War
LONDON ()-Prime Minister
Harold Wilson said yesterday the
road to a Vietnam peace is still
open and he pleged to keep trying
with the Soviet Union's Premier
Alexei N. Kosygin to end the war.
The British leader's statement
was made with full knowledge that
President Johnson had ordered re-
sumption of bombing against
North Vietnam.
It was to tell Kosygin of John-
son's latest thinking on the issue
that Wilson, in the early morning
hours, called unexepectedly at the
Soviet premier's hotel. He did not
want the Russian to learn of new
American raids through the news-
papers.
Nonstop Diplomacy
After a week of nonstop diplo-
macy involving London, Moscow,
Washington and Hanoi, Wilson
emerged personally convinced that:
- Johnson is beoming increas-
ingly sure that the Russians want
a Vietnam peace
-Kosygin is becoming increas-
ingly aware of Johnson's political
and military difficulties should he
order a one-sided military cease-
fire.
Wilson gave his assessment of
peace prospects by telling Parlia-
ment:
Not Unbridgeable
"The gap is not unbridgeable,
given a realistic appreciation of
political and military factors in-
volved, and above all, given a be-
lief on each side that the other
desires a negotiated settlement.
Before Wilson spoke to Parlia-
ment, Kosygin flew home to Mos-
cow after joining Wilson in a pub-
lic promise to keep in close con-
tact in search of a Vietnam peace.
A communique in the names of
the two premiers reaffirmed prin-
ciples of the 1954 Geneva agree-
ments which offered a basis for a
united, independent and neutral
Vietnamese state.
Agreement
Thus they agreed on:
-Early negotiations for a trea-
ty of friendship and cooperation.
A Soviet suggestion to make it a
nonaggression pact, too, was ve-
toed by Wilson on the grounds it
would cut across Britain's alli-
ances.
-Swift moves to write a long-
term trade treaty that would en-
able Soviet and British industries
to plan together and develop prod-
ucts jointly and individually ac-
cording to need.
-An all-embracing settlement
of fiscal and property claims and
counterclaims that have arisen
since 1939. This took in Baltic
bonds and gold held in London
andi nvolved assets worth up to
about $70 million on both sides.
British authorities reported,
meanwhile, that lines of diplomatic
communication from Washington
to Hanoi-via London and Moscow
-are still buzzing.
With some of the secrecy wraps
removed, British authorities were

at pains to emphasize that both
the content and mood of the top-
level encounter exceeded all ex-
pectations.
Bombing Pause
They appeared convinced a new
American bombing pause could'
come the moment Hanoi signals
its readiness to reduce its backing
for the Viet Cong. And any such
readiness, they believe, will in the
end be determined by the measure
of Red Chinese influence in Hanoi.

Ouster Fails; Sukarno
May Leave Before Clash

TArIL

provocation on the Manchurian-
Soviet border. The posters did not
say there was an armed clash but
claimed a Soviet soldier was cap-
tured and released.
Quoting Russian dispatches from
Peking, Moscow radio in a Japan-
ese-language broadcast said clash-
es between Mao supporters and
their enemies had broken out int
the provinces of Hupeh and Hu-
nan in central China, in Kwang-,
tung Province in the south, Hei-
lunkiang Province in Manchurial
and in Tibet and Inner Mongolia.-
The broadcast said Red Guardst
had arrested Sai Futing, chief ad- i
ministrator in the Uighur district1
betwee Inner Mongolia and Sink-x
iang Province and Ching Kuo-
huan, commander of the garrison'
in Tibet.1
Moscow said Mao's supporterst
faced "a painful battle' in Lhasa,1
capital of Tibet and other citiesf
and the Maoists had cabled Pe-k
king.for military support. s
Nationalist China's Central News

A4 A4Ar"Ik'"A't

TOKYO W)A - Soviet reports Agency quoted a document from
claimed yesterday that bloody Mao's group as saying Tseng
fighting had broken out in the Yung-ya, deputy commander in
heart of China, and in the hinter- Tibet. and Jen Yi, deputy political
lands. A Hong Kong newspaper commissar. were leading the fight
said four generals in western in Tibet against the Maoists. The
China had agreed to a plan to op- agency reported last. week that
pose Mao Tse-tung with peasant anti-Mao forces had seized Lhasa.
uprisings and other measures. While giving no details of re-
Japanese press dispatches from ported fighting in central and
Peking said nothing of either re- south China and in Manchuria,
port but quoted wall posters as Moscow radio said headquarters of
saying Russian troops staged a

LU Iil L111g
the Red Guards had been destroy-
ed in Inner Mongolia. Peking wall
posters have conceded Mao's forces
were introuble in Inner Mongolia.
Quoting its own sources from
inside China, the Hong Kong Star
reported four generals of the far
west met two weeks ago at Kun-
ming, capital of the southwest
province of Yunnan, and agreed
on unified plans to balk Mao's at-
tempt to take over their provinces.

World News Roundup

JAKARTA, Indonesia (.)-Mili-
tary leaders have failed to get
President Sukarno to step down,
but he may leave the country
before a showdown with Congress
in March, informed sources said
yesterday.
Sukarno was said to have of-
fered Friday to yield temporarily
what powers he has left to Gen.
Suharto, Indonesia's strong man,
but the leaders of the armed
forces turned down the offer.
Heads of Congress released a
tough questionnaire they expected
Sukarno to answer. The questions
demand that Sukarno explain his
actions during the attempted Com-
munist coup Oct. 1, 1965. Witnes-
ses at military trials of coup lead-
ers have testified he supported the
Communists.
Informants said Sukarna plans
to leave Indonesia near the end of
the month, before Congress meets.
They reported he plans to go first
to Japan, where his Japanese wife
Ratna Sari Dewi is expecting their
first child soon. Sukarno has re-
fused to discuss his plans.
In rejecting Sukarno's offer, the
armed forces commanders said it
was up to Congress to decide Su-
karno's fate, the sources said. Con-
gress is expected to remove Sukar-
no's authority and investigate him
in connection with Communist
party links.
The disclosures of the talks be-
tween mlitary leaders and Sukar-
na came following three days of
conference between Suharto and
the armed forces commanders.
Military leaders are hoping to
avoid a trial of Sukarno, who still
T THIS WEEK AT
-WEDNESDAY
EXPERIMENTAL
PROGRAM No. 4
WARHOL'S
"HARLOT" &
"BLOW JOB"
-THURS. & FRI.
ASHES &
DIAMONDS
(Andrzej Wajda, 1958)
Compelling Film
on the Dilemmas of
a Polish Resistence
Fighter.
-SAT. &SUN
MODERN
TIMES

Red Guard Suspends
Siege of Embassy

MOSCOW W)-Red China eased
on phase of its angry confronta-
day by calling off the record-
breaking 18-dayRed Guard siege
of the Russian Embassy in Pe-
king, Tass, the Soviet news-agency,
reported.
For sheer stamina, it was a
mark unparalleled in the modern
history of this fine old sport and
may have aroused grudging ad-
miration even in Moscow.
Still firmly in Soviet hands,
however, are the marks in other
categories, including most ink
bottles, ball bearings, brickbats
and poster poles thrown at an em-
bassy during a single demonstra-
tion.
Earlier, the Foreign Ministry

confirmed press reports that China
had canceled its week-old order
restricting Soviet diplomats to
their embassy in Peking.
These developments came as
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin return-
ed from London without any pub-
licly visible progress toward ar-
ranging peace in Vietnam.
Whether the Red Guard siege
of the embassy in Peking had been
lifted permanently was a matter of
speculation. Tass said loudspeakers
continued to broadcast anti-Rus-
sian propaganda outside the em-
bassy but the Red Guards were
gone.
Safety Insured
Red China's Foreign Ministry
notified the Soviet Embassy that
Russian diplomats can once again
leave, with their safety insured.
Peking previously had said it could
not guarantee the diplomats' safe-
ty because of the rioutous demon-
strations outside.
But the basic hostility of con-
flicting national interests, intensi-
fied by differing interpretations
of the course of communism, in-
sured continued Peking-Moscow
hostility even 'if the angry em-
bassy phase is ending.
The war of words between Pe-
king and Moscow continued. As
press dispatches told of anti-Soviet
rallies in various parts of China,
Moscow radio accused Peking of
wanting to make Hanoi a pawn in
Vietnam rather than work for a
Communist victory.
Peace Dangerous
The broadcast said China want-
ed to block Soviet aid to Vietnam
because "the Peking leaders con-
sider the establishment of peace
in Vietnam is dangerous. If all as-
sistance reached Vietnam smooth-
ly, the U.S. aggressors would un-
doubtedly be repulsed more
smoothly."

r

commands a wide following in
Indonesia.
The list of questions released by
congressional leaders included a
demand to know why Sukarno
went to the headquarters of the
Communist coup leaders after the
attempt. The Congress statement
also accused Sukarno of perjuring
himself and turning over contra-
dictory testimony to Congress. It
also asked why Sukarno received a
coup leader, Brig. Gen. Supardjo,
on the morning of the coup at-
tempt.
The commander of Indonesia'sI
most powerful army division, the
Siliwangi, Maj. Gen. H. R. Dhar-
sono, said Sukarno was no longer
acceptable as head of the nation,
Antara news agency reported. He
declared Sukarno would lead the
nation to destruction if allowed
to continue as president.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson will submit a civil rights
messae to Congress on Wednes-
day, with legislative proposals
soon to follow, the White House
announced yesterday.
Press secretary George Chris-
tian made the announcement
shortly after the President met
with an unidentified group of
civil rights leaders and reaffirmed
his commitment to seek legislative
remedies against racial discrim-
ination.
* * *
NEW YORK-Five years of re-
search have prinpointed drugs
that cure some types of skin can-
cer, without leaving disfiguring
scars, a physician said yesterday.
Equally important, the studies
offer new clues toward eventual
control of other human cancers,

said Dr. Edmund Klein, derma-
tologist of Roswell Park Memorial
Institute, Buffalo, N.Y.
DETROIT - A general strike
dubbed a "new tool of protest" in
the civil rights movement appar-
ently met with little success yes-
terday in its first bid for Negro
support in Michigan.
Spokesmen for Detroit schools,
factories and city departments re-
ported that attendance was about
normal or even better than
normal.
NEW DELHI, India - Violence
broke out in India's general elec-
tion campaign again yesterday.
A prominent member of the op-
position Samyukta Socialist party
was attacked by a gang using
clubs and spears.

Now

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