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February 11, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-11

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SAURA, EBURY1, 98 l iiiiliiEi11l4 11331i1.





Viet Peace


in Sight

Associated Press special Correspondent
Recent feelers from North Viet-
nam indicate strongly that the,
Communist side will accept peace
negotiations only when it gets at
least the promise of eventual vic-
tory in the Vietnam war by poli-
tical means.
Are peace talks possible now or
in the near future? The hints
from Hanoi and the Viet Cong
leave the prospects as doubtful as
The United States, describing its
own approach as flexible, is seek-
ing signs of flexibility on the other
side. From what is known public-
ly, the Communist stand has
changed little, if at all.
The blueprint relayed by Wil-

fred Burchett, an Australian Com-
munist journalist who presumably
can accurately present the Com-
munist view, lays heavy stress on
cessation of the bombing of North
Vietnam as a prelude to talks.
Washington wants to know if
North Vietnam in return will de-
escalate troops and supplies to the
Viet Cong in the South.
The answer has been supplied
this week by both Radio Hanoi
and Nhan Dan, which Burchett
describes as the Pravda of Hanoi.
Said Radio Hanoi: 'Socialist
North Vietnam is worthily playing
its role as the firm and rear base
of the revolution in the entire
Said Nhan Dan: "The stand of

the DRV - Democratic Republic
of Vietnam - has been clearly ex-
pounded by Foreign Minister Ngu-
yen Duy Trinh, to the effect that
if the United States really wants
talks, it must first halt uncon-
ditionally the bombing raids and
all other acts of war against the
DRV. They have no right to de-
mand any reciprocal measures."
Thus, the answer to Washing-
ton's question, up to now, is "no."
Burchett, in an article written
Friday for The Associated Press,
described the Communist blue-
print for peace on the basis of his
interviews with Hanoi's Foreign
Minister and representatives of
the National Front for Liberation
of South Vietnam, the Viet Cong's
political arm.

He presented his picture
the Communists foresee a

of how

Vietnam as such" should be in-
dependent, without any foreign'
presence. Reunification w o u 1d
come in the vague future. North
Vietnam would remain Commun-
ist, neutral militarily, but not po-
litically. South Vietnam would be
non-Communist, neutral both mil-
itarily and politically.
Burchett stressed that the Li-
beration Front considers it is in
a strong enough position militar-
ily and politically to have a deci-
sive place and voice in the settle-
ment of the southern half of the

He said he assumed that theI
front's leaders. 'including 'the
Marxist People's Revolutionary
party" would organize South Viet-
nam, accepting aid from both
West and East, and that the pre-
sent Saigon government would
"die a natural death" as soon as
negotiations started. Some non-
military leaders in the South
could remain in a 'broad coali-
tion government of national un-

is the "People's Revolutionary par-
Communists long ago defined
the theory of coalition. They call
it uniting with the "national bour-
geoisie," and regard it as a stage
in the eventual takeover of a na-
The "People's Revolutionary
party" is Communist. It is regard-
ed by Washington and others as
simply an extension of the Lao-
dong - Communst Workers' -

nomous South Vietnam, indepen-1
dent and neutral." As Burchett
put it "Explicit in the Liberation
Front's and the North's five and
four points is that independence
means withdrawal of all U.S. for-
ces and the dismantling of bases."
This question remains unans-
wered: What then would guaran-
tee that South Vietnam would re-I
main independent in the absence
of outside protection? Would this
be internationally guaranteed by
Communist and non-Communist
Burchett said that as he gather-
ed it in his interviews, North Viet-
nam's "four points" for settlement
were only an expression of what
Hanoi believes is the "correct" ap-

proach, but not a precondition for
talks. The precondition, evidently,
is cessation of the bombing, and
without any concession in return.
There is no indication in any-
thing North Vietnam has said
publicly of any retreat from these
points. They might talk if the
bombing of the North were stop-
ped. But would the war go on
meanwhile? Would infiltration
If, as Secretary of State Dean
Rusk says, the U.S. aim is to as-
sure South Vietnam the right to
decide its own destiny, the North's
terms are ruled out. In the U.S.
view, therefore, any talks at this
stage, barring clarification of the
major questions at issue, would
likely be meaningless.

This coalition, Burchett said, is Party of North Vietnam.
the aim of Nguyen Huu Tho, head Burchett pictured the Libera-
of the Liberation Front. tion Front leader as insisting that
But what do the Communists anyone who might serve in the
coalition - he excluded today's
mean by "broad coalition govern- top Saigon leaders - must be "ir-
ment of national union" and what revocably committed to an auto-







Army Seizes

Lunar Truce .::
To Continue Q
Until Sunday
Officials Concerned
With New Incidents,
Buildup of Supplies
SAIGON (P)-North Vietnam is
funneling supplies south during
the Tet truce at a rate five times
greater than normal wartime lev-
els, U.S. officials said. yesterday.
There was a hint this buildup may
lead to a resumption of the bomb-
ing of Vietnam before the four-
day cease-fire expires at 7 a.m.
"The volume, scope and direc-
tion of the Communist shipments
create hazards for our military
which we cannot afford to over-
look," an American source said.
As to the prospect for keeping
allied offensive operations halted
until next Wednesday to match
the seven-day cease-fire proposed
by the Viet Cong, American quar-
ters said it appeared unlikely. SKIRMVI
Truce. S
Shooting Outbreaks
While reports flowed in from FEU lJ
reconnaissance pilots checking on
Communist land and sea traffic
north of the border, shooting out-
breaks persisted in the proclaim-
ed lunar new year pause in the
warfare in South Vietnam.
The allies accused the Com-
munist of initiating incidents at
a rate of more than four an hour,
compared to 3.72 an hour during
the two-day New Year truce. DETROIT
The accounting last night show- Reuther to
ed 268 cases. Of these 50 were Workers b
termed significant, meaning one return in
or both sides suffered casualties. AFL-CIIO
ing its Pre
Dramatic Rescue There w
Dramatizing one clash was the UAW.
But UA~
American rescue of 51 emaciated, bers reach
malaria-ridden Vietnamese from a check left
Viet Cong prison camp. Commu- membership
nist guards escaped with about 50 ther wants
others. And the
Associated Press photographer UAW's cal:
Al Chang, who was on the scene, what it t
reported the camp was found by AFL-CIO c
accident after two guerrillas fired ite threat o
on a company of the U.S. 101st A Washi
Airborne Division on defensive ly close to
patrol in a jungle 90 miles north- 7,000-word
east of Saigon. just one th
be presider
The paratroopers killed the One sour
guerrillas, drove out 20 or 30 ene- declined us
my troops in an ensuing firefight, think Wall
then burned the camp. They suf- some time
fered no losses. Rescued prisoners- putes wit
civilians and militiamen-cried with has demon
relief. One said the' Viet Cong
had executed at least 30 men at
the camp in the past year.
South Vietnam's government
said that, elsewhere, guerrillas
have captured 16 government sol-
diers-militiamen and regulars- By T
and two government civilian work-
ers since the truce began. WASHIN
In 24 .cases involving American National C
and other foreign forces, spokes- moved yes
men said 30 guerrillas had been party's ma
killed. Allied casualties were of-
ficially termed moderate in one election, n
of these, the Viet Cong ambush Charles L.
Wednesday of a company of the young peop
173rd Airborne Brigade, and light Weltner,
in the others, resigned hi
Surrounding the whole situation rather than
is a semantics jungle: !Lester G.

-The truce is the result of sepa. will serve a
rate declarations by the Saigon charge of a
government, in which the foreign Division.
allies concurred, anid by the Viet Weltner,
Cong. North Vietnam did not of- whether th

Cease- Fire

Use Truce
To Resupply
Washington Questionsj
Hanoi's Peace Moves,
Desire for Settleient
WASHINGTON (A') - The State,
Department said Friday the rapid
resupplying of Communist forcesI
during the Vietnam cease-fire in-
dicates the Communists are not
g. really interested in a peaceful set-
tlement of the war.
The statement by press officer{
Robert J. McCloskey, combined
with Saigon reports of a heavy
Communist supply buildup during
the four-day Lunar New Year!

All Domestic Airports

TOKYO (A)-Red China's army
has seized all domestic civil air-
ports and aviation institutes in a
move "to prepare for war" and
"protect normal flights," a Japa-
nese report from Peking said to-
In the international conflict be-
tween the Communists giants, Pe-
king accused the Soviet Union of
unilaterally scrapping agreements
to abolish visas between the two
countries and announced that,
starting tomorrow, "all Soviet cit-
izens must obtain Chinese visas in
entering, leaving o r p a s s i n g
through Chinese +°rritory."
The report on the airport seizure
by the newspaper Maini-chi's Pe-
king correspondent said the order
had been issued Jan. 26. The order
said it had been issued "to prepare
for war, to protect normal flights
of both international and domestic
aircraft, and to carry on smoothly'
the great cultural revolution."
The report did not indicate
what might be meant by the

numbers of Mao Tse-tung's fol-
If true, this would add, meaning
toa reported order for all army
units engaged in provincial politi-
cal activities to return to barracks
by Feb. 20. The implication is that
the 73-year-old party chairman
fears troops may be corrupted by
backers of his enemy, President
Liu Shao-chi.
Kosygin Sup
Opponents of
LONDON (R - Premier Alexei
N. Kosygin came out yesterday in
support of those Communist Chi-
nese "struggling against the dic-
tatorial regime of Mao Tse-tung."
Kosygin's blast at the ruler of
his giant Communist neighbor was
unprecedented for a Soviet states-
man visiting a foreign capitalist

-Associated Press
SHES BROKE OUT 90 miles northeast of Saigon yesterday despite the Lunar New Year
aigon, however, refused to call these incidents "truce violations."
uther's Attack on AFL-CIO
Resultin UAW Walkout

truce, raised the assumption here phrase "to prepare-for war." s '--e.
that allied forces will resume phrs"to prepare for war." state.
shooting soon frs thir ro-m Meanwhile Peking wall posters The Soviet leader said an end
shooting soon after their pro- said yesterday "white terror" of American military action
claimed cease-fire ends at 6 p.m.was spreading through Inner Mon- against North Vietnam could lead
"We are of course seriously con- golia, where soldiers beat up large to "the ending of the Vietnam
cerned about the resupply activity
which is certainly indicative ofthi
the intention of the North Vietna-S P ersi ts
mese to take advantage of the ho-.
day period," the State Department
spokesman said.'Despie Soviet .emands
Broader Question
to the broader question of whether MOSCOW (R) - The Red Guard. Chinese authorities call off Red
the North Vietnamese are genu- siege of the Soviet Embassy in Guards who have been laying siege
inely interested in a peaceful set- Peking raged on yesterday, the to the Soviet Embassy in Peking!
tlement, and further to their de- day after the Soviet government since Jan. 26.3
mand that there be a cessation of demanded its end, the Soviet news The note was the angriest of the
bombing prior to talks." agency Tass reported. I three. The reason was a Chinese
Hanoi has been saying there Soviet authorities halted dem- order Monday that the Soviet
"could" be peace talks if Wash-. onstrations outside the Chinese staff should not leave the em-
ington halts its air attacks on the Embassy in Moscow while waiting bassy in Peking. If they did, the
North. U.S. strategists suggest this for China's reaction. Chinese said, their safety was not
is primarily a Red propaganda But the Soviet news agency re- guaranteed by Chinese authorities,
campaign to end the bombing, ported Red Guards tossed big fire- The Soviet note charged the
without giving up anything in re- crackers into the Soviet Embassy Chinese restriction of Soviet dip-
turn. compound in Peking and said lomats to their Peking embassy
McCloskey declined to say whe- nd made it impossible to carry on
Mc~osky eclnedtosaywhe .loudspeakers continued blaringfucin"onetdwhtes-
ther the Communist resupply op- "anti-Soviet drivel," functions "connected with the so-
erations violate t h e cease-fireSo lution of specific questions of pro-
"in the technical sense" nor would Soviet Note viding military and economic aid
he talk about any allied reinforce- A Soviet note Thursday threat-, to the Vietnamese people, sent
mnn+ 1 ened "necessary reply measures" Irh

The party Military Affairs Com-
mittee has also ordered the army
to discontinue all propaganda
Peking radio told of more trou-
ble in Shanghai, China's largest
industrial city and port. It said
i Mao's foes had been engaged in
speculation at Shanghai's markets
in order to scatter confusion in
[the city's economy.
ports Chinese
tMao Regim_._e
, conflict" and would be "the most
correct solution."
Earlier Kosygin had completed
the formal phase of his world-
ranging talks with Prime Minister
Harold Wilson, reaching one slen-
der agreement on Vietnam: the
war should be ended through poli-
tical, not military action. But the
two men remained totally divided
on how to get peace negotiations
. 'We are aware there are today
in.Chiain the Communist party
of China, and in the Chinese gov-
ernment, people who are strug-
'gling against the dictatorial re-
gime of " Mao Tse-tung," Kosygin
said in a television Interview.
"We sympathize with them and
we do understand this struggle
has been caused by their various
actions in various policies. It has
been caused by setbacks they have
suffered, both within the country
and in foreign affairs."
Commends Plan
Turning to Vietnam, Kosygin
yet again-for the fifth time in
public-commended the plan for
approaching a settlement which
t h e Hanoi regime launched
through Australian Communist
journalist Wilfred Burchett. It
called for an American military
standoff from North Vietnam and
said this then could be followed by
preliminary peace talks with
Washington on a general settle-
Wilson's men have concluded
from this that Kosygin has been
at pains to elevate Hanoi's "of-
fer" to the level of an official pro-
posal. In this way, Wilson feels,
Hanoi now is committed publicly
for the first time to contemplate
a political rather than a military
In the British view this repre-
sents one of the distinct gains to
have emerged from Kosygin's visit
so far as Vietnam is concerned.

T (VP) - Has Walter P.'
aken his United Auto
eyond the point of no
criticizing the parent
and personally attack-
sident, George Meany?j
ere opinions today both
W rank and file mem-
ed in a Detroit spot
no doubt about the
p's feeling: What Reu-
; Reuther gets.
re was no doubt the
1 for reorganization of
ermed a "vegetating"
arried with it a defin-
of a walkout.
ngton source reported-
Meany said the UAW's
manifesto added up to
ing: "Reuther wants to
nt of the AFL-CIO."
ce within the UAW who
e of his name said, "I
.er gave up that idea
ago." In several dis-
h Reuther, Meany, 73,
strated that within the

AFL-CIO's ruling Executive Coun-
cil he has overwhelming support.
One of the most powerful voices
in organized labor in Michigan
expressed confidence Reuther did
not plan a pullout. He also ex-
pressed doubt Meany would pre-
cipitate developments that would
leave the UAW no other choice.
Meany was reported to be draft-
ing at AFL-CIO headquarters in
Washington a massive "white pa-
per" of his own to hit back at
the UAW.
Also from Washington came re-
ports that most high officials in
other labor unions say Reuther
appears to already have made up
his mind to pull his 1.4 million
UAW out of the 13.5 million-mem-
ber federation.
While denouncing Meany's lea-
dership and demanding "internal
reform" Thursday, at no place in
its manifesto did the UAW directly
threaten walkout, although many
in labor and outside read into it
a strong threat.
The UAW went to some pains to

insist its criticisms did not amount'
to a power play. It said it had
chosen not to involve other AFL-
CIO affiliates in its public quar-
Some have questioned whether
Reuther, 59, could remain in the
federation as long as Meany is
president, Reuther having said
what he did about Meany.
He accused Meany of violating
constitutional a n d convention
mandates of the AFL-CIO which
do not meet his "personal pleas-
On unanimous order of the 26-
member UAW International Exe-
cutive Board, of which they were
members, Reuther and his top
three officers resigned all connec-
tions with the AFL-CIO Execu-
tive Council °a week ago.
While giving up AFL-CIO vice-
presidency and the Executive
Council seat that went with it,
Reuther held on to his presidency
of the AFL-CIO's Industrial Un-
ion Department, largest unit with-
in the federation. Other UAW of-
ficers quit posts on committees
operating under the council.
ouA highly placed labor leader
oside the UAW said it was his
opinion "this was the key-to step
outside the council, nothing more,"
adding, "They couldn't have, with
honor, stayed in and speak their
pieces outside."
Next developments in the dis-
pute are likely to come the week
of Feb. 20, when Meany reportedly
is planning to read his "white pa-
per" to a gathering of the AFL-
CIO Executive Council at Miami
Beach, Fla.

ment activities.
He did not slam the door solidly
on the possibility of some exten-
sion of the cease-fire beyond the
Allies' four-day limit. The Viet
Cong have called for a seven-day
Meanwhile, Ambassador Arthur'
J. Goldberg said the United States
is looking for peace negotiations
in good faith and is taking a flex-
ible position on how to get dis-
cussions under way. Hanoi has re-
buffed U.S. approaches so far.
But the U.S. ambassador to the
United Nations said North Viet-
nam's proposals for a peaceful so-
lution have been too vague on
"very consequential matters."

if the Red Guards were not called
off "in the shortest space of time."
Diplomats speculated on the
next Soviet move, but there was
no official indication.
Possibilities for "reply meas-
ures" ranged from a minimum of
restricting Chinese diplomats here
to their embassy to a maximum of
breaking the already moribund
Soviet-Chinese alliance and sev-
ering diplomatic relations. Few
diplomats expected the maximum
action under present circumstan-
Third Demand
The note was the third strong
Soviet demand within a week that

1,111V g1 1,111114.
Aid Shipments
Soviet military attaches in Pek-
ing have been acting as expediters
for aid shipments. According to
the best information available
here, the militarily most valuable
aid such as anti-aircraft missiles
has used the China route while
less strategic aid has been going
by sea.

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)rld News Roundup

U ~1

he Associated Press
GTON - Democratic
hairman John M. Bailey
terday to bolster the
chinery for the 1968
naming former Rep.
Weltner to bring more
ple in its activities.
a Georgia liberal who
s nomination last year
support segregationist
Maddox for governor,
as deputy chairman in
new Young Americans
who is 39, was asked
e Young Americans Di-

WASHINGTON - King Hassan
II of Morocco requested and has
received some added pledges of
arms assistance from the United
States to bolster his country's de-
fenses, it was disclosed last night.
Morocco claims it needs addi-
tional weapons because of the
large-scale weapons deliveries to
Algeria from the Soviet Union.




TLJC Dni CE 11C T14CCTI [ni;MT 1W*

Saturday, Feb. 11
Inter House Assembly will
provide skating, tobagganing,
snowman - building, skidoos,
fun & frolic. Bps service from
the Union will provide free,
warm transportation to WEST
PARK between 12:30-4:30. A

LUCERNE .-. -. FROM $125
. , . . - ' -




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