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February 04, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-04

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... .

Hanoi A

Peace I





Bomb Halt
Called For
Coalition Government,
Elections Included in
European Program
From Wire Service Reports
NEW YORK-United Nations
diplomats report the circulation of
a new Vietnam peace plan which
is acceptable to North Vietnam.
The plan was proposed by Eastern
European diplomats.
The proposal calls for a cease-
fire on existing lines following a
halt in American bombing of the
A caretaker government would
be established in South Vietnam
one-thiid composed of represent-
atives of the Ky government, one-
third of representatives of the Na-
tional Liberation Front (Viet
Cong), and one-third of represent-
atives of all other groups, includ-
ing dissident Buddhists.
Following internationally super-
vised elections in South Vietnam,
a new government would be form-
ed to discuss future relationships
with the United States, Premier
KY and the Viet Cong.
U.S. Endorsement
According to the diplomats, not
only might the United States en-
dorse such a proposal, but it rep-
resents a major step away from
Hanoi's previous insistance on its
own four points, including Amer-
ican withdrawal from Vietnam.
Advocates of the new proposal
claim it is a face-saving basis
for discussion that would enlist
the cooperation of the Soviet
Union during a period when Com-
munist China is off balance be-
cause of internal dissension. It is
expected that the Chinese would
object to any plan which might
help bring peace to Vietnam.
Hanoi is still seen as unwilling
to make any overt concession in
Sreturn for a. halt to American
bombing of the north and unwill-
ing to agree to American ideas for
pacification in South Vietnam
after an armistice.
Hanoi Agreeable
A Communist delegate whose
country has contacts with both
North Vietnam and the Viet Cong
insist that Hanoi is agreeable to
the Eastern European plan, al-
though he predicts some difficulty
in obtaining the consent of the
Viet Cong.
Any willingness in Hanoi to ac-
cept such a plan would represent
a modification of the hardened
attitude that developed after the
American bombing in that capital
area on Dec. 13 and 14.
It has been reliably reported
that North Vietnam had accepted
a Polish plan for direct peace dis-
cussions with the United States,
but withdrew this acceptance after
the bombing of Hanoi. .
Bombing Effect
Thus, the facts would seem to
indicate that the U.S. in effect
"sabotaged" the possibility' of
peace talks in December by bomb-
ing the capital area, resulting in
heavy damage and civilian casual-
North Vietnamese officials have
been known to harbor extreme
suspicion of American motives,
complaining that every time they
had showed a willingness to talk
the -United States had escalated
the war.
In a similar vein the Communist
diplomat who told of the Eastern
European peace plan said that
Hanoi has decided the U.S. is not
seriously interested in ending the

Military Solution
Instead, the diplomat said, North
Vietnamese officials have con-+
cluded that the U.S. will escalate
the war further, that it has no in-
tention of withdrawing its troops
from Vietnam after an armistice
and that it is determined to seek
a military solution.
Accordingly, the Viet Cong is
said to be regrouping its forces
in South Vietnam into smaller
units in preparation for a long
guerrilla war,
The diplomat emphasized that
because of the internal' chaos in
China, conditions are better for a
settlement in Vietnam now than
they are likely to be later.
Internal Struggle
According to this view, the in-
ternal struggle in China will con-
tinue for the rest of this year. and

-Associated Press
TWO WOMEN SHOW CONCERN OVER A CHILD wounded by a U.S. helicopter strafing attack on
a fleet of civilian sampans in the Mekong Delta of South Vietnam late Saturday night and early
Sunday. This scene is the Can Tho provincial hospital, where the wounded were taken after the
mishap for treatment,
Four American Citizens Freed
From Prison in East Germany:

BERLIN R)- Four American
prisoners imprisoned in East Ger-
many-including a young woman
--were released last night and
brought back to' West Berlin, a
U.S. spokesman said. All still had
time to serve' on their sentences.
It was learned they were driven
into West Berlin via the Invaliden
Street wallcrossing point between
East and West Berlin.
In a statement, the U.S. spokes-
man said:
"On Feb. 3 four American cit-
izens were released from East Ger-
man prison. They are Mary Helen

Battle, 26, of Oak Ridge, Tenn.;
Moses Reese Herrin, 25, of Akron,
Ohio; Frederick Matthews, 24, El-
wood City, Pa., and William W.
Lovett, 26, of San Francisco. Miss
Battle, Herrin and Matthews were
arrested in 1965 and subsequently
sentenced on charges of trying to
help East Germans escape. Lovett
was sentenced last year in con-
nection with a traffic accident."
"Maxwell M. Rabb, New York
attorney, and president of the
U.S. Committee for Refugees, used
his good offices to help secure the
release of the four Americans," the

Classes Cancelled in Spain;
ranco May Change Policy

statement said. It added that Rabb
worked in constant consultation
with the U.S. State Department.
Lovett had been in prison the
longest, 21 months.
The trial of all four was closed.
In each case sentence began with
the day of arrest. Herrin and
Matthews spent about 17 months
in jail.
Miss Battle's father, John
Battle, visited her once during her
months in prison.
All four were last reported in
the East German prison at Baut-
zen near tlhe Czech border.
The mass release was arranged
through West Berlin lawyer Juer-
gen Stange and his counterpart
in Communist East Berlin, Wolf-
gang Vogel, working in coopera-
tion with U.S. State Department
Vogel first came to public at-
tention for his participation in
the swap of U.S. U2 pilot Francis
Gary Powers for the Soviet master
spy, Col. Rudolf Abel.
In Washington, officials said
only that they were aware of the
secret talks which preceded the
release of the four Americans.
They assured inquiring news-
men that "no swap arrangement"
was involved in the release of the1

Viet Premier
Shifts Vote
To Summer
Ky Believes Election,
Early Civilian Rule
Would Concern Hanoi
SAIGON, South Vietnam (P)-
The South Vietnamese may choose
a president in early summer,
rather than this fall as had been
generally expected, under plans
disclosed yesterday by Premier
Nguyen Cao Ky.
Believing Hanoi is watching with
concern, Ky wants to speed up the
presidential election for the war-
ravaged nation's return to civilian
Meanwhile fighting continued as
8,000 or more men of two Amer-
ican brigades swarmed through
Communist territory of War Zone
D yesterday, while U.S. B52 jets
hammered at Red strongholds in
the neighboring War Zone C, per-
haps as the prelude to another
infantry drive.-
Initial contact was slight. A
spokesman said the Americans,
suffering light casualties, killed
14 Viet Cong in scattered encoun-
Peace Feelers
Ky expressed belief in an inter-
view that the Communist North
Vietnamese are increasing peace
feelers because they do not want
to deal with a democratically
elected Saigon regime.
Without elaborating on any such
feelers, the 36-year-old chief of
the ruling military junta said:
"They are niore afraid of an
elected government than they are
of our military effort. They know
that a civilian elected government
means that South Vietnam has a
stable, stronger and official gov-
ernment with all the prestige and
support from the population."
New Constitution
Ky said he plans to advance the
election to within three months
after the adoption of the new con-
stitution. March 27 is the target
date for completion of the writing
of this national charter by a 117-
member Constituent Assembly.
The premier, who has counted
himself out as a candidate, said
it is important "to have a clean
and honest election to give the
future president true prestige."
He is going to invite 1,000 re-
porters from around the world to
witness the voting, he said, and if
U.N. Secretary-General U Thant
"wants to come, he can come too."
Other TopicsI
In a wide-ranging talk, he
touched on other topics:
-Corruption: Two generals are
systematically investigating con-
ditions in all four military corps
areas. "In the last 19 months we
have eliminated many bad people.
We have made progress, but we
must keep at it."
-Land reform: Ky indicated a
program will be initiated to trans-
fer to 200,000 to 300,000 Vietnamese
families the ownership of land
that formerly belonged to absentee
French owneers.
-Negotiations: He is "willing
to meet with Ho Chi Minh and
talk to him" and would accept a
solution that involved the con-
tinued separation of North and
South Vietnam. He said members
of the Viet Cong would be wel-
comed into the Saigon government
"provided they renounced their
Communist bosses."

paper, Asahi Shimbun, said Pre-
mier Chou En-Lai had to inter-
vene and troops of the Peking gar-
rison had to take over command
of police headquarters.
The report said the fighting in
Shihchiangshan broke out Monday
when other Maoists tried to rea-
son with a group that had stormed
and taken over police headquarters
in Peking Jan. 17. This group pre-
viously had been identified in
Japanese reports as made up chief-
ly of Red Guards. To check the
fighting in Shihchiangshan, about
1,000 police had to be called in,
the wall posters said.
Mao himself was represented in
other wall posters as saying "the
struggle between the two lines is
very sharp" in China and "the
military cannot but intervene," the
Tokyo paper Yomiuri reported.
Mao was said to have made his
remark at a party military com-
mittee meeting, but no date was
Radio Peking admitted serious
trouble in Shansi Province of
north China, claimed to have been-
taken over by Maoists Jan. 12. The
radio said former provincial of-
ficials started "agitating, spread
ing false rumors, setting traps"
and as a result there was disaf-


Army, Youth Clash in Peking;
Purge, Denunciations Continue
TOKYO (P)-About 400 teen-age The New China News Agency said Chou declared army unity was
d Guards were arrested after that in the southern province of threatened by criticism of Gen.
fight among Mao Tse-tung Kweichow "the enemy is still play- Hsiao Hua, the army's chief com-
ces in a suburb of Peking that ing tricks and plotting to stage missar. He said the criticism had
t 250 persons injured, wall new counterattacks.' The Maoists been leveled by Yang Yun, Pe-
sters in the Chinese capital said claimed they seized control of king's military commander, Jan.
sterday. Kweichow late last month. 31.
A variety of other reports, of- In a Japanese language broad-" Hsiao is a trusted lieutenant of
ial and unofficial, told of stiff cast, Moscow radio asserted Gen Defense Minister Lin Piao, who is
istance to Mao forces in other Wang En-mao, rebellious political Mao's political heir apparent.
rts of Red China where the and military leader of Sinkiang There were reports last month
,oists had claimed victory. Province in the far northwest, had that Hsiao had been severely crit-
Hitherto the Red Guards, loosed dug in against Maoist army units icized by Mao's purge committee,
Mao in his power struggle with in the mountains. The province including its chairman, Chen Po-
esident Liu Shao-chi and his borders on the Soviet Union. ta, and his deputy, Chaing Ching,
ekers, have been inviolate. But The broadcast said army units, the wife of Mao. The Japanese
the wall poster accounts, some put into action by Peking, had oc- press reported at the time that
them tramped on too many cupied Urumchi, the Sinkiang Hsiao was called "the black cur-
s in Shihchiangshan, an in- capital, as Peking wall posters tain" behind Liu Chih-cheien,
strial suburb 12 miles west of reported earlier this week, but deputy chief of the army's polit-
king. said the army had run into "stiff ical department who had been as-
Quoting the wall posters, the resistance" in the mountains. sailed as a follower of President
king correspondent of the Tokvo Other wall posters said Premier Liu.

Sino.Soviet Break Seen If
Mao, Lin Win Power Fight

Soviets Destroy Display,
Beat Chinese Diplomats

MADRID, Spain, (W) - About
50,000 Spanish university students
were barred from classes yester-
day as experts on the political
scene debated whether a wave of
student disturbances might cause
Generalissimo Francisco Franco to
take a new look at his program
to liberalize his country.
A spokesman for Madrid Uni-
versity said classes in technical
schools only were resumed yester-
day morning but that attendance
was thin because 'most students
did not know about the reopening.
Some professors and others ex-
pressed fear the outbreak of stu-
dent violence at universities might
cause Franco and the conservative
wing of his government to restudy
constitutional reforms voted by a
national referendum Dec. 14.
Almost unprecedented - in
Franco Spain-criticism of riot
police actions to control student
disorders and of harsh sanctions
which followed, in the case of
Barcelona University, appeared on
the editorial pages of Spanish
The influential Barcelona paper
La Vanguardia led off with sug-
gestions that sanctions-including
loss of matriculation and the
necessity of -paying a new registra-
tion fee the equivalent of $100-
against the students had been too

following an unauthorized strike;
student leaders met in small
groups to avoid security police,
but there was strong sympathy
among moderate students for a re-
turn to classes.
VALENCIA-More than half the
8,000 university students who went
on a one-day strike Thursday had
returned to classes. Officials anti-
cipated attendance would be nor-
mal Saturday.

Associated Press Special Correspondent
A break in Moscow-Peking
diplomatic relations is a distinct
possibility if Mao Tse-tung and
Defense Minister Lin Piao win the
power struggle in China.
It may take time for the smoke
to clear. The Russians seem to be
waiting. and watching, their sym-
pathies with the anti-Mao forces,
but apparently without much con-
fidence that they can win out.
There is another side to this,
however. The Soviet press has fail-
ed to show any superabundance of
enthusiasm for any Chinese lead-
ers on either side. Perhaps the
Russians already have lost interest
in mending relations with their
Communist brethren in China.
Snapping Point
Yugoslaw Communists based in
Moscow now consider the Krem-
lin's relations with Peking close
to the snapping point. One Bel-
grade radio correspondent reports

World News Roundup

MOSCOW W - - Soviet police
working two feet inside Red
China's embassy grounds last
night, tore down an anti-Soviet
display and beat up Chinese diplo-
mats who tried to intervene, a
Chinese spokesman charged.
The Foreign Ministry called the
charge of beating the diplomats
"slander and provocation." But it
did not deny that police forcibly
removed the display after the Chi-
nese rejected a demand to take it
The display was on a glassed-in
billboard two feet inside the
grounds. It consisted of pictures
showing violence in Red Square
on Jan. 25 when 69 Chinese stu-
dents tried to lay a wreath on
Stalin's grave.
If Soviet police tore down the
pictures, it appeared that they
must have set foot on the territory
of the embassy. That would ag-
gravate the diplomatic serious-
ness of the incident.
The display, labeled "Bloody In-
cident in Red Square," had been
put up last Saturday when the
Chinese Embassy held a news con-
ference to parade Chinese stu-
dents allegedly beaten by Soviet,
police in that incident. The Rus-
sians denied police did the beat-
ing and said the Chinese scuffled
with Soviet citizens.
Earlier yesterday, the Foreign
Ministry had called in Chih Yuan,
embassy charge d'affaires, and de-
manded the pictures be removed.
Chih refused, the Chinese spokes-
man said, "because the pictures
show the truth."-
The incident is expected to raise
anti-Soviet -feeling in chaotic
China to a new high. And that

will be high indeed. Tass, the
Soviet news agency, said of the
Chinese demonstrations in Peking:
"Never before, in all the history
of the Soviet state, has such an
unbridled anti-Soviet campaign
been conducted ,in any country,
even in those most hostile to the
Soviet Union."
Tass said the Chinese authorities
'have stepped up direct provoca-
tions against Soviet diplomats who
have to go on business in the city"
while powerful loudspeakers out-
side the embassy "blare forth
violent abuse and bloodthirsty
calls for revenge.-
To get out of all this, the fam-
ilies of Soviet diplomats in Peking
already have been ordered home.
The first planeload, with about 50
on board, is expected today, with
the rest following soon afterward.
The Soviet Embassy staff in Pe-
king is believed to number about
Some senior diplomats in Mos-
cow predicted that the two great
Communist powers will now cut
their embassy staffs. But there
was doubt among them that it will
come to a break in diplomatic re-
The reasoning is that the Krem-
lin would prefer to keep at least
a caretaker staff in Peking td keep
informed of Chinese events and to
support elements the Russians
The diplomats said an open
break in relations would add to
the difficulties of getting Soviet
military supplies to North Viet-
nam. The Kremlin already has.
charged the Chinese with obstruc-
ting the movement of aid supplies

that "discreet hints are being
made in Moscow political circles
on the possibility that changes
may occur in Soviet-Chinese re-
lations." He suggests the likeli-
hood of a break in relations "or
something similar."
Soviet patience has been strain-
ed. For a week there have been
riotous anti-Moscow demonstra-
tions near the Soviet Embassy in
Peking, denounced by the Soviet
press as "outrages." Peking re-
ported this week that more than
a million Chinese in all partici-
pated in the demonstrations,
among whose milder slogans was
"Bash the dogs' heads of Kosygin
and Brezhnev." Alexel N. Kosygin
is the Soviet premier. Leonid I.
Brezhnev is Soviet party chief.
The provocation for the Peking
demonstrations was an incident in
Moscow, Jan. 25, deliberately
staged by the Chinese. The Soviet
news agency Tass said it was
"nothing but an undisguised pro-
vocation planned in advance."
Chinese Students
By Moscow's account, 70 Chinese
students enroute -home, blocked
the way of Soviet citizens to the
Lenin mausoleum in Red Square
by raising cain and shouting quo-
tations from Mao. Soviet police
moved in and a scuffle ensued.
Then things began to get comical.
It is general knowledge that
Chinese enroute home to join the
"cultural revolution" are well
briefed on how to act on the way.
The ones in Moscow put on quite
a show. They seemed out to prove
Soviet "police brutality."
In Peking, Tass reported, hordes
of demonstrators howled invective
and cut off traffic in and out of
Soviet Embassy grounds.
Soviet Pmetest
All this, said a Soviet foreign
ministry protest, was "specifically
planned to further aggravate
-Soviet-Chinese relations," and was
"not only encouraged but also or-
ganized by the Chinese author-
Said the note, tartly: "The Sov-
iet side reserves the right to take
appropriate action If the Chinese
authorities fall to create condi-
tions for normal activity of Soviet
Matters between Peking and
Moscow grow worse by the hour.
The Chinese are accusing Moscow
of organizing a plot with the
Americans and Japanese to move
into Manchuria. It it doubtful that
matters can be put right again be-
tween the two, no'matter who wins
out -in Peking.
A break in relations would begin
a new stage in the feud which
could result eventually in heavy
concentrations of troops of both
countries along the frontiers and
a period of deep suspicion and
hostility which would have a
strong impact on the political
future of Asia.

By The Associated Press
DAKAR, Senegal-The leader of
government's majority in Parlia-
ment was assassinated yesterday
by the supporter of a political
rival, police said.
Killed by a knife thrust was
Demba Diop, head of the Progres-
sive Union party in the National
Assembly. Officials said he was
slain in the town of Thies, about
12 miles east of this capital, as he
left a meeting with local officials.
Diop's killer, police said, was
Abou Faye, said to be an associate
of a man Diop defeated in a village
mayoralty election last year.
WASHINGTON - The Justice

fore the Teamsters Union leader
appealed to the Supreme Court.
gon disclosed yesterday that three
Navy men previously listed as kill-
ed in action in Vietnam are now
known to be prisoners of the
The Defense Department gave
no explanation of how it learned
that the men, who went down in
Navy planes, were alive.
A terse notation in the day's
regular listing of Vietnam casu-
alties said the trio's status was
being changed from dead to cap-
tured "as a result of information
recently received."

sweeping. The paper said the rec- Department d e n 1 e d yesterday
tor should have differentiated be- charges by Teamsters Union Pres-
tween student leaders sparking the ident James R. Hoffa that the
disorder and those wh simply government eavesdropped on him,
d erand."h myhis lawyers, or a jury at his jury
went along." tampering trial in Chattanooga,
The situation by cities: Tenn.
MADRID-All schools of the The department made its denial
university, with 21,000 regular stu- in a memorandum filed in the
dents and thousands more special U.S. Supreme Court in answer to
or part-time, were tightly closed Hoffa's petition filed there Jan. 26.
except for technical school classes, The Justice Department said the
and there was no indication when charges "are without any founda-
the others would reopen. tion in fact." It said it had com-
BARCELONA-More than 15,000 pleted a review of Hoffa's case,
students idle when the reactor with specific attention to the
closed the university for 10 days question of eavesdropping, well be-

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