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January 22, 1967 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-01-22

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SUNDAY,, JANUARY 22, _1967

rV TN T7 M'r AN Tw T h S T

SiTl ixClHIiAN DAILY

PAGE THREI3

B

Antimissile System:A n Expensive Question

Mark

i

WASHINGTON (VP) -.. The next
few days will produce some very
firm signs on whether the United
States moves its antiballistic mis-
sile system from the testing
grounds to the firing line.
President Johnson already has
indicated he will withhold an or-
der to produce and deploy missile
killers pending diplomatic con-
tacts seeking a gentleman's agree-
ment with the Soviet Union on
limitations.
The Soviets are erecting at least
a limited antimissile system And
the Johnson administration is say-
ing "if you will stop deploying
yours, we won't deploy ours-and
both of us will save a lot of mon-
ey."

But the course that the admin-
istration takes while awaiting
Russia's answer is not readily jpp-
parent. Congress may get impa-
tient about a possible "antimissile
gap."
A key to the answer will come
Tuesday when the closely guarded
defense budget is unveiled.
P e n t a g o n officials, claiming
they are as much in the dark as
anyone, are watching to see whe-
ther the budget contains money to
buy certain items for antimissile
system called Nike-X.
There isn't a great deal of op-
timism that the funds will be there'
in view of Johnson's State of the
Unidn remarks which emphasized
a "common interest" between the
United States and Russia in the

area of arms control and disarma-
ment. Johnson said a costly arms
race would improve the security
of neither country.
Nevertheless, some officers think
the administration might propose
spending a few hundred million
dollars to begin manufacturing4
missile hardware which might1
take many months to acquire.gh
This would be a hedge against
a Russifian refusal to stop deploy-1
ing antimissiles, as well as a pos-2
sible lever to encourage the So-
viets to call off the rivalry. E
Further light on the administra-1
tration's plotted course may comel
after Secretary of Defense Robert
S. McNamara appears Monday be-
fore the Senate Armed Services r

Committee in a closed session.
McNamara's annual defense
posture statement is expected to
be released in censored form by
the committee in the middle of
the week.
The report will deal consider-
ably with strategic warfare and
the international balance of pow-
er.

"The department has no reason
to believe that the Soviets are not
seriously considering the Presi-
dent's expressed interest in halt-
ing an antiballistic missile arms
race," the department said.
The new U.S. ambassador to
Russia, Llewellyn E. Thompson, is
in Moscow to present a message to-
day from Johnson to the Soviet

A possible clue to Russia's atti- leaders.
tude on the question may have Johnson has promised Congress
been shown Friday. it will be kept posted on the pro-
The State Department reported gress of the antiballistic missile
at that time that Secretary Dean talks, and thus far Congress as a
Rusk and Deputy Under-secretary whole has seemed to take a wait-
Foy D. Kohler discussed antimis- and-see attitude.
siles with Russian Ambassador Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-
Anatoly F. Dobrynin here this Wash., however, has called for ap-
month. propriations to begin a limited

I

$5-billion antimissile defense if
the Russians don't come around.
This figure is in the lower end
of a system's cost range, which
'reaches as high as $40 billion. The
more costly configuration of an
antimissile defense would include
a nationwide fallout shelter pro-
gram-something Congress has
consistently opposed.
One of Jackson's colleagues on
the Armed Services Committee,
Sen. John Stennis, (D-Miss.), has
supported heavy spending in re-
cent years for research and devel-
opment on the antiballistic missile.
To date the United States has
spent or obligated $2.4 billion de-
veloping and testing the missiles
and radars which make up the

Nike-X system, which is ready to'
go into production.
Other antimissile proponents
want a "thin" system, an area de-
fense which would depend on per-
haps a dozen long-range missile
batteries emplaced along the U.S.-
Canadian boundary to intercept
oncoming warheads outside the
atmosphere.
Defense officials have referred
to this thin defense as a basic de-
velopment which might cost as lit-
tle as $2 billion to $3 billion. It,
would handle small numbers of
enemy missiles launched by acci-
dent or sent to probe U.S. reac-
tions.y
With no antimissile defense now,,
the United States would suffer an l

estimated 130 million casualties in
an all-out attack by Russia.
The Pentagon guesses that cas-
ualties might be reduced to 45
million to 80 million with deploy-
ment of the area defense-with its
long-range interceptors, superfast,
short-range missilesrdesigned to
knock down any warheads which
evaded the first line of defense,
plus fallout shelters. The cost:
$30 billion to $40 billion.
McNamara has remained skepti-
cal that the antiballistic missile is
the best answer to containing the
enemy. Unlike the Joint Chiefs of
Staff who favor both offensive
and defensive forces, including
ABM, McNamara would prefer to
bank solely on offensive missiles.

an-rdrswicak ph

Southeast China

In

Grips

WITH SMALL REVISIONS:
GOP Legislators Likely To
Accept 'Great Siciety' Plans

Of A- aoist Revolution

Bloodyf Riots
In Cities,
Countryside
Lin Piao Denounced,
Purge Extended To
High-Ranking Officers

HONG KONG 'tP) - Provincial
radio broadcasts and Chinese
travellers told Saturday of bloody
clashes in southeast Red China.
and indicated the entire quarter
of the country is embroiled in fer-
ment against Mao Tse-tung.
Some accounts said Mao's pic-
ture was being torn down and de-
faced with obscenities.
Japanese correspondents report-
ed from Peking, however, that
Mao's drive to bring down Presi-
dent Liu Shao-chi in the power
struggle still was rolling along.
The accounts pieced together in
Hong Kong indicated the south-
east disorders also were aimed at
Mao's closest. comrade, Defense
Minister Lin Piao.
Lin, himself, was quoted earlier
in a Japanese dispatch from Pe-
king as saying "the entire country
is now in a state of civil war."
Other Japanese accounts from
the Chinese capital said high-
ranking navy and air force officers
were being denounced as plotters.
It was believed to be the first
time Mao's purge has reached
high-ranking air force and naval
officers.
The accounts in Hong Kong,
which could not be confirmed,
said:
-Opposition to Mao and Lin
has spread to rural areas after
bloody street battles between
workers and Mao's Red Guards.
Ferment against Mao and Lin was
reported in the Pacific seaboard
provinces of Cheking, Fukein and
Kwangtung and their inland
neighbors of Kiangsi and eastern
Kwangsi.
-Chinese travellers report pro-
vincial officials have formed "new
Red Guard units" to oppose Mao.
They also report some army units
are refusing to support Mao's Red
Guards and some troops in the
Nanchang and Canton areas are
actively supporting pro-Liu forces.
--Provincial radio stations still
in the hands of Maoists ,warn of
growing "white terrorism" by "re-
actionary and revisionist enemies"
of Mao and imply provincial party)

-Associated Press
LUXURY OCVEAN LINER RUNS AGROUND1
Five tugs tried without succes to free the ship Atlantic with some 300 aboard. The ship ran aground
Friday on a sand bar offshore from Fort Lauderdale, Fla. soon after she left port bound for San
Juan, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands.
AERIAL EVIDENCE:
Photos Corroborate Reports
Of Civilian Damage in1North

Fuibright
Gives Policy
Alternatives
New Book Criticizes
U.S. Handling of War,
Anti-China Strategy
WASHINGTON (tP)-Sen. J. W.
Fulbright-detailing an "alterna-
tive to Vietnam" - proposes an
eight-point plan for ending the
war and shaping a general accom-
modation with Red China to neu-
tralize Southeast Asia.
Fulbright, sometimes chided for
criticizing administration policy
without offering alternatives, pre-
sents his alternatives-and some
barbs for President Johnson-in a
book titled "The Arrogance of
Power'.
It is an amplification of Ful-
bright's lectures at the Johns Hop-
kins School of Advanced Interna-
tional Studies.
Recognize Viet Cong
As a first step, the chairman of,
the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee urges that the United
States prod Saigon into seeking
negotiations with the Viet Cong.
The administration, he writes,
should encourage Viet Cong inde-
pendence from North Vietnam. It
should also aim for conferences
to plan for self-determination in
South Vietnam, a referendum on
reunification of North and South,!
and eventual neutralization of the1
entire region.;
U.S.-China Rapproachement
Fulbright expresses belief that
any peace-even one forged by
"total American military victory"
in Vietnam-would be in constant
jeopardy until a U.S.-Red China1
power struggle is resolved. .
"Unless we are prepared to fight
a general war to eliminate the ef-t
fects of Chinese power in all of
Southeast Asia we have no alter-
native but to seek a general ac-
commodation," Fulbright asys. t
To accomplish this, he proposest
"the neutralization of the entiret
region as between China and the1
United States."
Enclave Strategy
If no agreement for ending thef
Vietnam war can be reached, Ful-
bright says the United States
should consolidate its forces inX
strongly fortified areas - the en-
clave plan propounded by retired 0

By CARL P. LEUBSDORF
Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON-Some of their
rhetoric notwithstanding, Repub-
lican congressional leaders appeai
to have accepted substantial por-
tions of President Johnson's
"Great Society" program and de-
cided to concentrate on seeking
piecemeal revision rather than
wholesale reversals.
Rep. Gerald R. Ford's discus-
sion of domestic matters in the
GOP's State of the Union apprais-
al last week used such phrases as
the need for "a new direction for
America" and "a program of sen-
sible solutions for the 70s" and
said administration programs "re-
vived tired theories of the 30s."
But the House GOP leader from
Michigan tacitly conceded two po-
litical realities-the Republicans
still are a minority in Congress,
and it is very difficult to repeal
any welfare-type legislation once
it is written into law.

'Ford did this by making clear
that his party has no intention
of trying to abolish such Johnson-
sponsored legislative programs as
federal aid to education, medicare
and the antipoverty program.
On education, for example, Ford
talked about "substantial revision"
and said the GOP might seek to
substitute "bloc education grants
without federal earmarking or
controls."
But the program calls for bloc
grants to the states. It does per-
mit the Office of Education to
withhold funds where school dis-
tricts refuse to guarantee nondis-
criminatory practices.
Similarly, on the antipoverty
program, Ford stressed revision
rather than repeal. After taking a
crack at "the poverty of realistic
ideas among poverty war generals
-and sergeants," Ford called for
"total revamiping and redirection
of the poverty war."
But Johnson, in his State of the

PRIVATE ENTERPRISE:
Florida's 'War on Crime
Meets Stiff Opposition

Union message, said he wc .T
propose "certain administrativ,
changes suggested by the Con-
gres as well as some that we have
learned from our own trial- and
error."
Johnson proposed strennthenin-
the Head Start program "by fol-
lowing through in the early years
of school." Ford said: "As Repub-
licans have urged for two years,
Head Start requires follow-through
in the early grades."
Both Johnson and Ford, as well
as virtually all members of Con-
gress, supported increased Social
Security payments, Where they
differ Jis in degree, and perhaps
on methods of financing.
Johnson would raise benefits by
an average of 20 per cent, which
would require an increase in So-
cial Security taxes. Ford wants
to hike benefits 8 per cent and
says "these increased benefits can
be achieved without any tax in-
crease."
Taxes is one subject where
Johnson and Ford do not agree.
Ford made it clear that as far as
he is concerned he is opposed to
Johnson's proposal for a 6 per
cent surtax to hold down the defi-
cit in light of Vietnam war costs.
But other Republicans are stay-
ing flexible on the issue and even-
tually may go along with some of
the President's proposals,
Last week Ford also called for
increased veteran's benefits and
commissions to study city prob-
lems, federal government structure
and the nation's defense posture.
The Ford program summarizes
many Republican proposals made
over the last year.
Republican Senate Leader Ever-
ett M. Dirksen, giving the party
position on foreign policy, also re-
affirmed support for the admin-
istration, approving the present
v nd in Vietnam.

WASHINGTON (P)--Intelligence
sources said yesterday aerial pho-
tographs show considerable dam-
age to civilian structures as well
as to military targets in some
places in North Vietnam.
President Johnson's oft-stated
policy is to limit U.S. air strikes to
military targets used by North
Vietnamese in its drive against
South Vietnam.C

The administration also ac-
knowledges however, that some
civilians may be hit by accident
or because they are in thevicinity
of military targets.
Three Americans recently in
Hanoi-Harrison E. Salisbury of
the New York Times, William C.
Baggs of the Miami, Fla., News
and Harry S. Ashmore, a former
Arkansas Gazette editor-spoke of
civilian damage they saw there.

They have talked with U.S. offi-
cials here - during the past few
days.
The U.S. sources suggested that
in addition to damage in the
Hanoi area that may have been
caused by the Reds' own anti-
aircraft and surface-to-air-mis-
siles, some may have resulted
from accidental bombing. -
On one occasion last month U.S.
raiders were said to have jettison-
ed 23 bombs after they sited enemy
MIG jets. The U.S. planes were
armed with 750-pound bombs.
One examination of photos of
the Yen Vien railroad yard, an
announced military target about
five miles from the center of
Hanoi, is said to have shown three

MIAMI, Fla. (MP)-Florida's new
Republican governor, Claude R.
Kirk Jr., has hired an organiza-
tion of private detectives to try
to stop crime in the state.
He has, however, run into a wall
of opposition.
The state's attorney general
said he was worried about the
legality of it. Some police chiefs
said they wouldn't cooperate. And
one state senator said the whole
thing "smacks of Gestapo, police-
state tactics."
Kirk, Florida's first Republican
governor in 94 years, is not dis-
mayed by the controversy.
"Ours will be an effective, pro-
fessional, and responsible cam-
paign-a campaign in which we
will push the criminal element not
only from Florida but beyond na-
tional boundaries," Kirk said.
Privately Funded
In his inauguration speech Jan.
3, he announced that he had hired
the Wackenhut Corp., the nation's
third largest private investigating
force to run the war on crime.
It's expenses will be paid by pri-
vate donations.
Wackenhut employes will be of-
ficial members of the governor's
staff, able to look into any suspect
problem in the state. But they
will not have power to make
arrests or file charges.
"We will have no police func-
tion, unless you want to call in-
vestigation a police function, said
George R. Wackenhut, a former
FBI agent who built his agency
from scratch since 1954.
Private citizens also have been
invited to join the war on crime.
A post office box was opened in
Coral Gables for tips.;
'Delicate Responsibility'
State Atty. Gen. Earl Faircloth,
a Democrat, told a news confer-
ence three days after Wackenhut
was named to head the crime war:1
"I don't think the people are
ready to go back to the days of

SVOTS dXin OVietnm
GOP Committee Tally
Favors Nixon over Romney

the vigilantes or ,bounty hunters,
and I am not suggesting that is
what this is.
"The exercise of police power is
a delicate and sensitive responsi-
bility and should be conducted by
the officials of this state. The
legislature should examine it very
closely," Faircloth added.
There also were complaints
about the secrecy surrounding the
names of the people who would
support the private detective force.
Kirk has since said the names of
the donors would be made public.

world News Roundup

By The Associated Press
ROYAL OAK-Because of what
he termed "recent indications"

officials are supporting the ter- Democratic State Chairman Zol-
rorism. ton Ferency has reconsidered his

Reports of support for Liu by
provincial officials do not sur-
prise most China experts in #ong
Kong-Liu appointed most of the
southern provincial leaders in the
years before Mao and Lin ganged
up on him.
Perhaps most significant and
indicative 'of the way public opin-
ion is running in southeastern
China are the reports of defacing
and scrawling obscenities on por-
traits of Mao.
This would have been almost
unthinkable in China a few
months ago and even now many
observers in Hong Kong find it
hard to believe. But the number
of the reports and the way they
fit together would indicate some
truth.

decision not to seek re-election,
Sen. Sander Levin has taken him-'
self out the running for the post.
The Berkley Democrat yester-
day quoted Detroit Mayor Jerome
P. Cavanagh as saying Ferency
has consented to a "draft Ferency"
movement at the Democrats' state
convention in Grand Rapids next
month.
ST. LOUIS-The St. Louis Uni-
versity presidentdsaid yesterdaya
that laymen would be given con-f
trol of the Roman Catholic
school's board of trustees.
The Very Rev. Paul C. Reinert,
president of the university oper-
ated by the Society of Jesus, said
19 laymen of various faiths plus
10 Jesuit priests would compose

the policy making board under the
reorganization p la n effective
June 1.
* * *
SYDNEY, Australia - Premier
Nguyen Cao Ky of South Vietnam
spent a relaxing day in Sydney
yesterday.
The Vietnamese leader, touring
Australia to thank its people for
supporting his country's war ef-
fort, took a harbor cruise before
going to an official dinner yes-
terday evening.
Two nearby boats carried pro-
test slogans as the Ky's passed by.
Also a surfer with antiwar posters
was dragged from the water by
police.
f

craters within the yard and 40 Gen. James Gavin - and "keep

outside.
About 59 civilian structures ap-
peared to be destroyed.
Nam Dinh, 'another North Viet-
namese city where the visiting
Americans reported sizable civil-
ian damage, is a transportation
center with a railroad, a highway
and river shipping.
Targets there rated by U.S.
strategists as militarily important
include oil storage facilities, a
rail yard, and a power plant which
is close to textile mills and their
workers' homes. U.S. planes have
struck there more than 60 times.

them there indefinitely."
This move, he says, would rec-
ognize two "fundamental reali-
ties: "
-that the United States, with
a principal responsibility for world
stability, "cannot accept defeat or
disorderly withdrawal from Viet-
nam."
-that a complete military vic-
tory can be accomplished "only
by sacrifices disproportionate to
American security interests" and
by increasing the suffering of Vi-
etnamese civilians and the danger
of war with China.

1
t
i
1
t
E
1
1

I NEW ORLEANS, La. WP)-Forma
er Vice President Richard M. Nix-
on is favored over Gov. George
Romney of Michigan among Re-
publican leaders willing to take
a stand on their party's 1968 pre-
sidential nomination.
But an Associated Press canvass
of National Committee members
and state chairmen beginning
meetings here disclosed a wide-
,spread "let's wait and see" atti-
tude pointing at this time toward
a wide open nominating conven-
tion next year.
Southerners Like Nixon
When the GOP leaders were ask-
ed to pick their first three choices
for the nomination, Nixon came
up with 27 firsts to Romney's 19.
But 36 committeemen and chair-
men declined to make any choice
at this point. Most of them said
it's too early to. take a position.
In the canvass of chairmen and
committee members, Nixon turned
up with strong support from sou-
thern states, where Romney was
weak.
Sen. Charles H. Percy of Illi-;

nois led with three first-place
choices among. seven others cited
for the top place on the ticket.
Gov. Ronald Reagan of California
and Sen. Jacob K. Javits of New
York, a potential vice-presidential
candidate, got two votes each.
Campaign Discussed
State chairmen caucused Satur-
day to go over plans for next
year's campaign. The National
Committee's executive and finance
committees meet Sunday, prelimi-
nary to two days of sessions of
the full committee beginning Mon-
day.
The big question before the
group will be that of convention
procedure reform along the lines
suggested by former President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, who said
last year the conventions "now
resemble a rioting mob of juve-
nile delinquents.'
National Chairman Ray C. Bliss,
who arrived with predictions that
a Republican will beat President
Johnson next year if the party
maintains unity and works hard
enough, said he intends to appoint
a convention site' committee.

I

TONIGHT
HILLEL Grad. Student Council
ivnL'

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