WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1966 THE MICHIGAN DAJIA PAGE THREE
C ongre ssNigerian Power Struggle
Follows Assassination Try
NEW DELHI R) - Congress to Desai's home for a late night Congress party support even on
party leaders failed last night to hour appeal. election eve.
remove rightist Morarji Desai from Later Kamaraj said, "I appeal- Mrs. Gandhi, whose late hus-
the race for prime minister with ed to Morarji Desai to withdraw. band was no relation to Mohandas
heavily favored Mrs. Indira Gan- He has refused to do so." K. Gandhi, was her father's poli-
dhi, the late Jawaharlal Nehru's He said Desai "thinks he has tical confidant in the final year
daughter. lithe support of the majority of of his life. He died in May, 1964.
A secret party ballot to resolve members of Parliament . . .. I told She had been widely mentioned
the fight appeared certain today. him that the majority of the mem- as Nehru's successor then but ruled
Succeeds Shastri bers of the party want Mrs. In- herself out of the running in fa-
Winner of the contest in the dira Gandhi, but he does not think vor of Shastri, a middle-roader.
ruling Congress party will suc- so. She was said to believe that her
ceed the late Prime Minister Lal "Therefore, so far as I am con- slightly left-of-center views would
Bahadur Shastri. cerned, there will be a contest cause a party split when unity was
President Kumaraswami Kama- today," he added. necessary.
raj of the Congress party was Bows Out But she received an important
among leaders who tried to get In 1964, Desai bowed out at the cabinet post, minister of informa-
Desai to withdraw and 'clear the last minute to clear the way for tion and broadcasting, permitting
way for Mrs. Gandhi, 48, to be Shastri to succeed Nehru. her to remain before the public
chosen by acclamation. He drove Mrs. Gandhi picked up more! eye.
Fighting in Viet Nam Rleduced
As Four-Day Cease-Fire Nears
LAGOS, Nigeria (;P)-An army top military men, of joining them forces, including the 50,000-mar
power struggle followed Nigeria's or dying. police force, had nothing to do
military takeover yesterday with Some officers are suspected of with the revolutionary movement.
perhaps as many as 50 officers biding their time to stage a coun- Ironsi has said that he will
reported executed and an unsuc- I tercoup. turn over power to a civilian gov-
cessful attempt to assassinate the Ironsi told the Associated Press ernment as soon as a new con-
country's new leader, Maj. Gen. there were now no dissident stitution, backed by the people
Aguiyi Ironsi. groups within the military. is written. Nigeria, Africa's mos*
Ironsi claimed ,however, that Troops on Guard populous nation, has 55 million
all military units in the country Troops remain on guard at key people.
had pledged loyalty to his new points throughout Lagos. Air serv- Whether the federal system
regime. ices were resumed Monday and the which has held Nigeria's nine
Confused Struggle army insisted road and rail traf- tribes together since Britain grant-
Reliable sources said the con- fic was normal. . ed independence in 1960, will be
fused army struggle was around As far as could be learned the maintained was an unanswered
Ironsi and between rival factions, greater majority of the armed question.
They said up to 50 officers had-
According to the sources, a lieu- LA W UNDER ATTACK:
SAIGON (M-)-Ground fighting
dwindled to a trickle yesterday as
both sides moved toward the pro-:
claimed cease-fires today for the!
lunar new year.
However, hours before the cease-!
fire was scheduled to begin, the
Viet Cong attacked a refugee cen-
ter south of Da Nang, killing or
wounding 40 refugees. The at-
tack was the sharpest in a se-
ries of harassing actions.
Two U.S. servicemen were
slightly wounded when a bomb ex-
ploded near an American billet 'at
Can Tho, 90 miles southwest of
Two other Viet Cong attacks
were reported early today, both
of which inflicted moderate cas-
ualties on South Vietnamese
U.S. military spokesmen report-
ed no major activity and said Viet
Cong action was limited to haras-
sing attacks, mostly against the
One U.S. operation, by Marines
near Da Nang, was terminated,
apparently on grounds there was
nothing further to be gained be-
fore the cease-fires.
Eager celebrants in Saigon al-
ready were shooting off firecrack-
ers and the stores were crowded
with shoppers for the holiday cele-
The Communists' four - day
cease-fire begins at 11 p.m. today.
Allied forces will observe a 78-
hour truce starting at noon to-
Against this backdrop of rela-
tive peace there were these other
-7000 fresh American fighting
men arrived in South Viet Nam,
raising the total American force
there toh191,000, a figure Presi-
dent Johnson announced last week.
-Premier Nguyen Cao Ky was
reported to have accused a clique
of high-ranking officers of plot-
ting to overthrow his government.
-The United States continued
air attacks on targets in South
Viet Nam but the lull in bombing
of the Communist North neared
the end of its 26th day. Commu-
nist China charged the lull had
resulted in "frantic" U.S. raids
on upper Laos with toxic chemi-
Ky, who has headed his mili-
tary government for seven months,
reportedly told an army battalion
at Saigon's Tan Son Nhut Air-
port Monday that "five to 50"
generals and field grade officers
were seeking to overthrow his re-
gime. His remarks followed a
weekend of rumors of a threat-
ened coup during the visit of U.S.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk and
presidential envoy W. Averell Har-
A source close to Ky -acknowl-
edged that political tensions were
running high in the capital and
that dissatisfaction with Ky's rule
had grown in military circles.
In the air war, U.S. B-52's hit
Tay Nin Province four miles from
the Cambodian border and other
U.S. Air Force and Navy planes
flew 404 combat sorties against
Communist hideouts and river
craft in the South.
U.S. Marines terminated Oper-
ation Mallard near Da Nang, 380
miles northeast of Saigon after
killing four Viet Cong, capturing 29
and detaining 221 suspects in the
tenant colonel was executed for
attempting to kill Ironsi.
Officials in London reported
earlier that Ironsi seemed fully
in control of the new government.
Backing this up, the British gov-
ernment said it had given full
diplomatic recognition to the new
p Nigerian government.
A government source in Lagos
confirmed the death of former fi-
nance minister chief, Festus Oko-
tie Eboh, whose body together with
five others has been found in
a shallow grave some 30 miles
outside of the federal capital of'
The discovery increased fears
for the safyet of former Prime
Minister Sir Abubakar Tafa
4:?":??::,......Balewa. who was kidnaped with
Eboh in the early hours of the
-Associated Press army revolt Saturday.
MRS. INDIRA GHANDI, daughter of the late Prime Minister Ironsi says he is pressing a
Nehru and almost certain to be elected India's next prime mm- - unt for Balewa, but if he is still
ister, is embraced by her aunt, Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit m New alive his whereabouts remain a
Delhi yesterday- Two colonels who were among
_ the plotters who carried out the
abortive weekend coup, are said
to be shadowing the 41-year-old
general's every move.
Nigeria's feuding political par-
ties unanimously promised their
dered a military mission into Zam- ion official said yesterday. support for the military govern-
bia for new talks on the tasks- A strike halting virtually all the ment with pledges of loyalty.
and possible reinforcement - of nation's trains could come March Even the formerly dominant
British forces in the land bor- 31 unless the railroads agree to Northern Peoples' Congress, whose
dering rebellious white-ruled Rho- bargain on the union's terms, said old leader, Sir Ahmadu Bello, the
desia . H. E. Gilbert. Sardauna of Sokoto, and his wife
Zambian government sources, were murdered in their Kaduna
}Request Court T
Uphiold Voting Bill
WASHINGTON (AP)-Atty. Gen. raised questions he said New York
Nicholas Katzenbach, joined by -one of the 20 states that sup-
20 states, asked the Supreme Court ported the federal government -
yesterday to declare the 1965 vot- has posed in a literacy test:
ing rights law a constitutional "In what state was Jane Ad-
means of assuring Southern Ne- dams born? How old will the U.S.
groes the right to vote. flag be in 1977? Who was presi-
dent of the Constitutional Con-
The law ,attacked by six South- vention? What kind of suit was
ern states as unconstitutional he wearing?"
punishment and "arbitrary in na- Literacy Tests
ture," is appropriate legislation Literacy tests are at the heart
under the 15th Amendmentto thei of the voting rights law. They are
U.S. Constitution, Katzenbach told suspended where less than 50 per
the court. 'C cent of the voting age population
Power of Congressh -regiered or voted in the 1964
Congress, he said, has the pow- election.
er not only to correct past voting Chiefly affected are North Car-
injustices but to guard against olina and the six Southern states
future ones. which joined in asking the court
But a brief rejoinder, South to declare the law unconstitution-
Carolina Atty. Gen. Daniel R. Mc- al: South Carolina, Virginia, Loui-
Leod questioned the' "tender soli- siana, Alabama, Georgia and Mis-
citude" of Northern states that sissippi.
stood with the federal government. In presenting the federal gov-
Chief Justice Earl Warren then ernment's case, Katzenbach struck
closed two days of argument say- two major themes: that, -in his
ing the case "has profound im- view, Congress has broad author-
plications in the life of our na- ity under the 15th Amendment to
tion." } assure that voting rights are not
A solemn atmosphere pervaded abridged by discrimination and
the courtroom, generally, but that the law is an appropriate ex-
laughter rang out when McLeod ercise of that authority.
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-A high-level Chinese
army conference charged early
today the United States might
launch large-scale war against
Communist China in the near fu-
ture and said the Red army should
(luu lluaau 111";lyu w,,,yquoted in Lusakta claimed the '
make full preparations against four-man mission under Maj. Gen. WASHINGTON - President
the possibility of either conven- J. E. S. Willoughby will plan an Johnson called on Congress yes-
tional or nuclear war. armed takeover of the giant Kari- terday for prompt approval of leg-
"We should make full prepar- th Rh islation authorizing U.S. participa-
ations against a war of aggres- ba Dam which straddles eoer tion in the newly formed Asian
sion which U.S. imperialism in fe es.w Development Bank up to $200
might launch at an early date on into both neighbor countries million.
a large scale, with nuclear or oth- * * * In a special message to Congress,
er weapons and on several fronts," WASHINGTON-The long rail- the President said that the new
said a conference statement broad- road firemen's dispute that has billion-dollar bank "is an essen-
cast by the New China News Agen- already traveled through theS tial tool in providing the means
cy. courts, the White House and Con- for life for hundreds of million;
* * * gress threatens to erupt soon in a of human beings who live between
LONDON-Britain yesterday or-:I new national strike crisis, a un- the Caspian Sea and the South
----------~--- --------~-~~~-- Pacific."
palace on the first day of the
coup, appealer to its members to T' F
cooperate with the army rulers.
SIronsi's Role '
Ironsi's role in the swiftly ex-
ecuted revolt remained confused. hA G N PRICES
He said he moved to crush the
rebellion, found the rebels did,not NEW BOOKS IF YOU PREFER
want to fight and was asked by
politicians to take over to save
But there were reports the reb-
el officers moved in on the army
chief Saturday giving him a STATE STREET at NORTH UNIVERSITY
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