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January 16, 1966 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-01-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF SlTUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Letters: On Selecting the New President

.

Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST.. ANN APBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, JANUARY 16, 1966 NIGHT EDITOR: MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH

Administration Must Support
200 BEY Accelerator

A COST-CONSCIOUS bureaucracy in
Washington is on the verge of break-
ing the momentum which our nation's
nuclear research program has acquired.
The fate of a project the Atomic Energy
Commission once termed a "great step
forward," a 200 billion electron volt pro-
ton accelerator and nuclear physics lab-
oratory, hangs in the balance, and an
effort must be made now to prevent the
joint committee on atomic energy from
making it a "great step backward.";
The very idea that this exciting 200
BEV concept would be discarded is viewed
by many scientists with shock and disbe-
lief, and even the person who has only a
vague notion of the proposals should be
alarmed at the speed at which such an
important program can be scrapped.
American technology has the know-how
to build such a nuclear accelerator, six
times larger than any built now in exist-
erce, yet in an effort to cut a few cor-
ners the legislators have put forth three
"alternate proposals" which will neces-
sitate the construction of another acceler-
ator in the near future when the capacity
of the temporary expedient is no longer
useful.
TO BUILD THIS ACCELERATOR is im-
portant because of the status of nu-'
clear research in our present technology.
In the past 20 years nuclear physics has.
become a science in itself and the atom
has been probed extensively. But the nu-
cleus of aA atom has remained one of
science's most puzzling mysteries.
Many subparticlesi have already been
discovered and the only method of fur-
ther uncovering the properties of atoms
is to accelerate them faster than is pres-
ently possible to study their component
parts. Science has the ability to' build
a 200 BEV accelerator; to go only half-
way in capacity is to stifle our knowledge
and make our development of a com-
plete picture of the properties of the
atom wait until a larger accelerator is
finally available.
PHYSICISTS have outlined further rea-
sons why the program as originally
proposed is better than the alternatives,
all of which propose making additions to
a smaller facility to "build it up" to high-
er capacities.
First, an addition to .'an existing ac-
celerator would make the machine un-
usable during the period of construction,
and this in turn would actually cut down
our research potential for a considerable
time.

And second, the Soviet Union has an-
nounced plans for a very large accelera-
tor which they intend to begin shortly,
giving them a head-start on research
impossible to overcome with one of the
scaled down alternatives.
FURTHERMORE, the arguments for al-
ternative schemes are weak on eco-
nomic grounds.
One explanation of the wish to cut
the cost of the facility is that $348 mil-
lion is too much in the face of the ex-
pensive conflict in Viet Nam. The money,
however, would be incorporated into
budget requests for the next seven years,
and would not be any more of a strain
than any of the alternate plans which
call for a $200-$260 million outlay over
the shorter period required for their con-
struction. In all likelihood, the Viet Nam
war will be over before -the increase in
cost will be felt.
In addition, plans for the project and
studies of proposed sites have already
cost millions and taken over a year to
complete, and to suggest the AEC begin
again later does not sound reasonable.
ANN ARBOR'S concern for the project
is especially acute, as a site in nearby
Northfield Township has been continually
described as the probable location' for
the facility. The accelerator would have
great economic consequences for the area
as yearly operating expenses would total
more than $50 million and require a staff
of approximately 2000.
The University did its part to encour-
age the proposal when it'gathered a group
of experts from its staff and private con-
cerns to present the case for Northfield
to the selection committee from the Na-
tional Academy of Sciences on their visit
last week, but their support is not enough.
Congressman Weston E. Vivian (D-Ann
Arbor) has been one of the strongest pro-
ponents of the project, but against stal-
wart opposition the freshman congress-
man cannot do the job alone.
HE SECRECY' surrounding the selec-
tion of the site and the administra-
tion's feeling on the importance of the
program make it difficult to piece togeth-
er just what Johnson's policy will be on
the issue. In view of the military, eco-
nomic, and scientific advantages of the
200 BEV proposal, one hopes that the ad-
ministration, pressured by Congress and
the public will press forward with the
original proposal.
WALLACE IMMEN.

To the Editor:
EDITOR ROBERT Johnston
takes a much too statistical
approach in selecting the next
president of the University. If
the spirit of his suggestions are
followed - and they most likely
will be-the University will hire
a technocrat-administrator presi-
dent like Clak Kerr or Robert
McNamara rather than the hu-
manist-intellectual leader that the
University needs.
Johnston stressed a quantitative
analysis of the University, but
everyone from the Regents to
freshmen should be considering
what kind of university-not how
much--we should create. It is im-
portant to know how much class-
room, laboratory and office space
the University needs; the social
composition of its student body
and the numbers of administra-
tors, bureaucrats and researchers
here.
But more essentially, the Uni-
versity gommunity must debate
and decide why it is here and
what it is going to do. Taking
statistics and relying heavily on
the University's formal machinery
will not answer these questions.
These sources only provide back-
grou nd for a greater debate.
TIME IS running out for any
student attempt to encourage and
participate in this debate or, more
importantly, influence the selec-
tion of the next president. Only
two years are left before the
Regents make this vital decision.
Students must do several things
in these two years. First, they
must debate and decide what sort
of president they want. They must
think out the issues clearly and
present their views articulately
if they are to wield any influence.
This influence mustbe felt, for
the selecting of the president is
the most essential and basic de-
cision the Regents will make for
the next 20 or 30 years.
NEXT, Student Government
Council should establish a com-
mittee on the presidency and
sponsor forums and workshops on
the basic issues of the University.
It could invite outside experts and
controversial critics of higher
education-ranging from James
Conant to Paul Goodman-to
speak here. Perhaps even a third
Conference on the University
could be held.'
Johnston should be commended
for opening the debate on the
presidency and hopefully The
Daily will devote more of its news
and editorial pages to the issues
involved in selecting President
Harlan Hatcher's successor.
Meanwhile, SGC, The Daily and
other interested students should
press for student representation
on any advisory committee the
Regents establish to select the
president. Ideally, students should
sit on it. If not, they should have
the right to submit position papers
and to discussthem with the ad-
visory committee.
A SAMPLE of issues shows
how vital the decision on the
presidency is:
-How large should the Uni-
versity become? Should it break
into many small units or large
ones served by a low student-
faculty ratio and automated
teaching devices? i
-Should there be any changes
in the current relationships be-
tween teaching and research;
sciences, social sciences and hu-
manities or graduate and under-
graduate education?,
-Are students and faculty too
removed from major decision mak-

ing? Is the University too de-
humanized and too sprawling-
both physically and intellectually?
What can be done to prevent
student alienation? What is the
president's role in making the
institution cohere?
-Is the University too closely
tied to the "military-industrial
complex," particularly in research?
Is the University being warped by
its assumptions and policies?
THESE QUESTIONS by no
means exhaust the issues that
must be debated before the presi-
dent is selected. Johnston's sta-
tistical orientation only scratches
the surface and misses the under-
lying assumptions and beliefs that
must also be probed. Once the
University community arrivesat
some tentative answers to these
questions, it can search for the
man who will successfully lead
the University in the direction it
ought to go.
-Philip Sutin, Grad
'Vietniks'
To the Editor:
THE IMPLICATIONS of Mr.
Catron's letter (Jan. 11) on
the reclassification of "Vietniks"
are most lucid, though it is open
to doubt whether or not they con-
form to his intentions. His pro-
gressive, existentialist, man-is-
the-sum-of-his-acts-and-respon-
sibilities philosophy is quite
frightening in its distortion of
perspective.
The protestors chose to violate
certain rules of the society in
whichthey live, and they must
bear the responsibility for those
violations: agreed; but Mr. Cat-
ron has no grounds for assuming
that they had not "contem-
plated beforehand" the conse-
quences, which he would seem to
imply are indefinite.
ON THE CONTRARY: these
people had accepted the conse-
quences as prescribed by law in
a society which claims to operate
according to these same laws as
prescribed. To arbitrarily change
the operation of these laws is not
the application of the poetic jus-
tice which Mr. Catron champions,
but a reversion to totalitarianism
or niere anarchy.
One of the drawbacks of being
a liberal is that one is forced to
restrain the desire to apply these
same methods to such trinities as
Mr. Catron seeks to establish with
General, Hershey and God, pre-
sumably without His consent.
But are you sure, Mr. Catron,
that this is your real argument?
Can it not be reduced to the sour
grapes of "one who spent three
years in the Army and disliked
every minute of it?"
-S. H. Baxter
Department of French
Bookstore
To the Editor:
THE RENEWED squabbling over
a University-owned discount
book store raises an issue which
I have yet to find satisfactorily
discussed.
When I entered the Big 'U' in
1957, the limitless energies of
student discontent were all ex-
panded on projects with one aim:
the abolition of all University
paternalism, the removal of all
artificial barriers between stu-
dents and the "real world." Dress
regulations, curfew hours, apart-
ment restrictions, single-sex dorms,
even the dean of women herself
-all were thrown out with the
cry of "Father, I'd rather do it

myself!" The changes, of course,
were all to the good.
Suddenly, however, the "real
world" has become the bogey-man,
and the cry is for a new brand of
paternalism. The heavy stick with
which Our Father walks and the
bottomless comforts of his sub-
sidizing purse are now called upon
for protection and provision. The
nasty merchants, the evil land-
lords, the whole shebang of the
"real world," in effect has proved
too much for the little Darling of,
the block. The new cry is,
"Father, I'd rather you did it for
me!" Again, the asked-for changes
are to the good.
SOMEWHERE there is a dis-
crepancy in the premises of dis-
content. On the one hand the
students yell for recognition as
something more human and noble
than mere IBM units; on the
other hand they tabulate them-
selves as so many units of X
buying power and 2X economic
exploitation.
When the arguments about
books revolve primarily around
their cost and whose job it is to

sell them rather than around their
content and their power to arouse
thought and intellectual debate,
the state of higher education is
plainly in danger. If we insist
on thinking of ourselves and our
problems primarily in economic
terms we no longer have an argu-
ment with the Communist ideol-
ogy: simply a difference of opin-
ion concerning the efficiency of
systems. The book store debate
raises issues which go well beyond
the narrow scope now given it.
Perhaps the fault is in the nar-
rowness of the debaters them-
selves.
-John Allen, Grad
'Tiny Alice'
To the Editor:
I WAS REALLY disappointed at
the review of "Tiny Alice" in
the Jan. 12 Daily.
Gail Blumberg and Fritz Mil-
ler's review of Albee's masterpiece
was less than brilliant, misleading
and most of the time just plain
wrong. They apparently copped
isolated items from Albee's pub-

lished explanation of "Alice" and
threw them together haphazardly.
Now, it is no crime to say you
don't understand "Aice"-most
of the New York critics candidly
admitted it when the play was on
Broadway. But to hoof it-to pre-
tend you know the play, but write
like bloodthirsty editors won't give
you enough space to do a decent
job-is surely irresponsible criti-
cism.
THE REVIEWERS completely
missed almost all the Platonic
and Joycean implications of
"Alice." If they had been a little
shrewder they would never say
the last scene was overwritten. If
you graspsthescheme of the play
the last scene must be the way
it is.
Both say the play deals with
the search for reality-and in a
nutsy-boltsy way this is true. But
they didn't tell Albee's conclusion:
that all "reality"-as says Plato
-is illusion.
I have read more sensitive re-
views.
-Dave Saltman.'67

4

How Exiles View Cuba Today

0

By BETSY COHN
(Last of a Series)
IT IS HARD to be certain exactly
what is happening in Cuba to-
day. Brochures picturing blind-
folded men before ruthless firing
squads, starving children and dev-
astated land have been issued by
the various exile groups.
These conditions may prevail
but to what extent is uncertain
and "unpublished in American
newspapers," said Ramon Martin,
head of the CTO (Cuban. Federa-
tion of Labor) in Miami.
Nevertheless, information from
underground as well as recently
arrived exiles indicates that in
Cuba there are more than 75,000
people in jail, conditions in the
jails are bad and many are being
executed by firing squads.
Medical care is inadequate, and
Cuba now is suffering from lack
of proper sanitation, according to
exiles. Food is scarce and the peo-
ple are rationed to one meal a
,day, continued Martin.
"Cuba had' a population of six
and one half million: at present
there are 600,000 in exile; 85,000
have applied to leave in the refu-
gee shuttle; there are hundreds
in Cuba who are anti-Castro-in
total over one-sixth of the Cuban
population are anti-Castro," Al-
fredo Gonzales, a participant in
the Bay of Pigs invasion, said.
HE TOLD OF the difficulty
exiles are having in trying to get
their families out of Cuba and
said, "Castro wants to keep the
young people; it is easiest to in-
doctrinate school children in the
ways of Communism."
He spoke of his seven-year-old
son whom he has been trying to
bring to America for the past sev-
eral years. "In school students
learn the alphabet by reciting
phrases such as 'C is for Castro,
R is for Russia . . . etc'
"Nevertheless, the family is very
powerful and influential so the
children are taught the truth at
home by parents, by letters and
by the 'Voice of Cuba,' an exile
radio broadcast," according to
Gonzales.
Castro has restricted boys from
the ages of 14 to 27 from leaving
the country in order that they
may s e r v e in the military.
"Women may soon be forced to
participate in the military as

"It's' A Start"
i. l
W, H,
"~~~~~~~~~ y-", -S a .--.' . ,
- N -TER y

AI

well," commented Gonzales.
PLANS FOR 1966 call for
400,000 women to work year round
throughout the island in. hopes
they can bring about a $1 billion
increase in production. In 1965
some 200,000 women were already
out of their homes, performing a
variety of tasks which ranged from
coffee and tobacco picking to
cane-cutting and cattle-raising.
The seven thousand college stu-
dents who occupied Cuba's nine
universities have now greatly
diminished. "Those students who
are left in Cuba cannot attend
the universities unless they first
declare themselves Communists.
Most students are anti-Castro and
will not oblige this policy," said
Jose Gonzales Puente, an ex-
Cuban senator.
"Those who are enrolled in the'
universities are being taught with
Communist - censored textbooks
and Communist indoctrinated pro-
fessors," he claimed.
Other students, such as Gon-
zales, have left the Cuban univer-
sities and enrolled in American
colleges. Gonzales graduated from
Louisiana State University yin ag-,
ricultural engineering; he planned'
to return to Cuba and work with
sugar production. He is presently
studying international law at the

University of Miami so he will be
able to act as a "mediator be-
tween Cuban and American gov-
ernments when Cuba receives her
independence."
"THOSE LEFT in Cuba are not
only the young people; but the
old and proud citizens who prefer
to die in their country rather than
to leave it. Also left in Cuba. are
the wealthy 'novice politicians'
who have given money to Castro,
in turn receiving top prestige po-
sitions in Castro's regime," he
added.
According to ex-senator Puente,
there is widespread misconceptions
about Cuba today. Statements
have been made that the lower
classes in Cuba are living under
better conditions today than they
did before Castro.
"This is incorrect," he said.
"The people of the lower classes
were once able to live off of the
land; today they are slaves." Ac-
cording to Gonzales, "There is
even more poverty among the low-
er classes now; for there is less
in Cuba to go around..
"FORMERLY, the people were
able to get food from the black
market; now they cannot get any-
thing that was available to them
then."

*

Michae Ato TiOmes Five

IF I GAVE YOU $5 million and said to
you, "Do what you can for American
cuture," what would you do? In essence
that is what representatives of the Na-.
tional Council on the Arts asked of Uni-
versity students in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre yesterday morning.
The representatives were as impres-
sive as their mission. Producer Roger
Stevens, chairman of the council, is sin-
cerely and earnestly interested in ferret-
ing out student opinion and in using it
for the betterment of the arts in America.
Academy-award winner Gregory Peck
is an idealistic man, devoted to repertory
theatre. He has been giving unstintingly
Editorial Staff
ROBERT JOHNSTON. Editor
LATRENCE KTRSHBAUM RORERT HTPPT ER
Managing Editor Editorial Director
JUDITH FIELDS ..............Personnel Director
LAUREN SAHR .. Associate" Managing Editor
JUDITH WARREN AAssistant Managing Editor
SAIL BLUMBERGO....... .............Magazine Editor
TOM WEINBERG ............ ....... Sports Editor
LLOYD GRAFF.........Associate Sports Editor
PETER SARASOHN .........Contributing Editor
SHELDON DAVIS ......................Photo Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Robert' Carney, Clarence Fanto,
Mark Killingswnrth,'John Meredith. ,ennard Pratt,
Harvey Wasserman, Bruce Wasserstein, Charlotte
Wolter.
DAY EnfTORS: Babette Cohn, Merle Jacob, Carole
Kaplar., Robert Moore, Roger Rapoport, Dick Wing-
field.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS: Alice Bloch, Deborah
Blum, Neal Bruss, Gail Jorgenson, Robert Klivans,
Laurence Medow, Neil Shister, Joyce Winslow.
Business Staff .
PY WE.LMA N Buiness 'Managerr

of his time to help talented, but econom-
ically crippled companies get a federal
boost. Peck is not only tall, talented and
terrific-looking, he is also a fine speaker
and an interested listener.
Young Broadway star Elizabeth Ashley
is an exquisite dynamo. She has been
traveling from campus to campus to get
to "the ,real nitty-gritty on what college
students want to see in culture."
DURING A YEAR in which students
have had to sit on Selective Service
Office floors to make their point through
silence, it certainly is gratifying to have
government emissaries invite them to
stand and be heard.
Students have been given the oppor-
tunity to direct their own cultural fu-
tures. Now let them speak up.
How could $5 million best serve stu-
dent cultural interests? Several ideas
come to mind.'For example, a stage and,
practice rooms could be built to house a
University modern dance ensemble.
Scholarships could be made available to
some of the fine performers in the Dance
Studio here for study with Martha Gra-
ham, whose own company is deserving of
federal support. Low cost fine arts camps
such as Interlochen could be formed and
maintained to foster the arts by trans-
forming raw talent into polished artists.
Professional journalistic help could be
given to art museums, such as the Me-
morial Museum here, to publicize art ex-
hibits and to explain aesthetic subleties
to an essentially layman audience. This
would increase interest in and apprecia-
+Iw of 41-cn n ."+

11

Lyndon Johnson: And
Now for My Next Trck

0
ob

By HARVEY WASSERMAN
"GOOD EVENING ladies and
gentlemen, this is the new
ABC-CBS-NBC color extravaganza
This is Your Country.' Tonight
our surprise guest will be 'equal-
time' Johnson, who will explain
to us how our country can pay
for everything in the whole world
without any money. He will be
followed 'by Mighty Mandrake,
who will also perform magic
tricks, such as hiding Hershey
bars without making comment,
conducting an entire. war before
our very eyes without telling any-
body why, and finally, for the
grand finale of the entire evening,
he will disappear from the front
page for the first time since 1962.
"Introducing our main speaker
is White House culture expert
Norman (you too can draw)
Rockwell, who will speak briefly
on apple pie and cubism. Presi-
dent Johnson is to his immediate
left, though notas far as he said
he would be. Rocky Marciano and
Pien n Plank r W p nine ir nna

to move the State of the Union
address to the evening so that it
might get television prime time
coverage. Unfortunately, Con-
gress could not attend.
"But undaunted that great man,
the very man who demanded
equal time from Warner Brothers
to compensate for Ronald Rea-
gan movies, the very man who
braved public opinion to lie to
the world about Viet Nam nego-
tiations, that very man who has
given so greatly and unselfishly of
himself to wage war on poverty
(so far only 3,000 poor people
have died of kindness), that very
man is only five feet from our
cameras, straining to pose the left
side of his face (he likes that one
better) that the world might drink
of its humble President.
"Before the President starts let
me remind you of next week's
dramatic special, 'Le Grand Moi,
in which Charles de Gaulle por-
trays a humble peasant born in
Bethlehem some 2,000 years ago.
The week after we will cover the

I

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