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March 20, 1966 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-20

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MILLER'S TRIAL
A STEP FORWARD
See -Editorial Page

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COLDER
Hligh-45
Low--3Q
Heavy winds today;
warming trend on Monday

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVI, No. 143 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 20, 1966 SEVEN CENTS
Students: Advisors or Decision Makers on 'U'

EIGHT PAGES
Policy?

By BETSY TURNER
Daily News Analysis
Student Government Council's
role in University decision making
has been a key 'issue in current
debates regarding the upcoming
SGC elections.
The debate has ranged from the
role and power of SGC's commit-
tees to what means SGC should
use to "persuade" the administra-
tion to take certain actions.
Most agree that SGC members
c a n theoretically function as
either advisors to the administra-
tion or as decision-makers them-
selves. But many, including the
two presidential candidates, differ
on which alternative is best.
Bob Bodkin, '67, = Reach presi-

dential candidate, -ays, "Analysis
and understanding of the Univer-
sity power structure is a prerequi-
site to effectively 'persuading' the
administration."
To accomplish this, "a complete
restructuring of the committee
system is necessary. Committee
personnel must be recruited on
the basis of their involvement
with issues. They loyality should
be to a cause, not to an artificial
structure," he' claimed.
Ed Rotinson, '67, independent
candidate for president, says,
"SGC does not want a hearing on
the issues under consideration. We
as students representing the stu-
dent body want to be a part of
the total process by which the
final decisions are reached."

Concerning reforms in SGC
structure Robinson said, "More
appeal should be made to graduate
students to run for SGC positions.
Then it could become truly repre-
sentative.
"Ex-officio members, because
they are experts in certain areas
would be more useful to student
government if they would not hold
permanent seats but rather func-
tion as consultants on issues af-
fecting them. The . seats which
they now hold could be filled by
students running at large."
In regard to the question of how
SGC is to gain a voice in decision
making, Neill Hollenshead, '67,
Reach vice-presidential candidate,
says, "If SGC is ever to act ef-
fectively it must first establish its

credibility with both students and
administrators. This can only be
achieved by the individual mem-
bers if they have an awareness of
the total campus perspective
coupled w i t h concrete short
range, intermediate and long
range plans."
But how is this to be done?
Cindy Sampson, '66, independ-
ent vice-presidential candidate,
says, "It is necessary as a first
step to change the- committee
structure so that unnecessary and
non-functioning committees are
eliminated. The committees should
be assigned real issues with the
promise of concrete results for
their work when it has been com-
pleted.".
Concerning the problem of com-

mittee structure, John Kelly, '68,
Scope candidate for SGC, agrees
that "a committee should not be
allowed to exist without a clear-
cut problem for it to work on.
Members of council must be more
involved with committees, and in
many cases should assume chair-
manship of them. Once a student
gains knowledge in an area, there
is no reason why he should not be
given an active voice in making
a decision concerning that area."
Opposing this concept, Michael
Dean, '67, Reach candidate for
SGC, says, "The student's job is
to first gain the confidence and
trust of the people in administra-
tive positions. He must show that
he knows what he is talking about
and that he is willing to look at

the issues from the other point of
view."
Viewing the present SGC struc-
ture, Dick Wingfield, '67, another
Reach candidate for SGC says,
"A junior debating society is not
worth the price of $13-20 thou-
sand that the student body pays
each year to sustain SGC. Since
most of SGC's work is done in
committees, a stronger concentra-
tion of interest must be made here
to guarantee that council earns its
keep. A more flexible committee
structure, implementing m u c h
more talent and energy of com-
mittee workers, is essential."
What potential power would
such changes provide SGC?
Dan Okrent, '69, Scope candi-
date for SGC, predicts that "the

student body under the leadership
of a truly representative SGC will
be able to make reasonable de-
mands. The only way SGC can
become truly representative is to
deal with concrete issues which
affect the students; it will then be
supported by them.
"Then the student body and
SGC representing it can expect
and demand a concrete voice in
these issues."
Fred Smith, '7, Reach candidate
for SGC says, "the goal of a vote
and a strong voice in the affairs
of the University is a good one,
but we must start on the lower
levels and build up from these
levels. This is a time consuming
process. We cannot expect it to
come about right away."

Affluent 'U'
3f, J IrI'iau Bauiy Scraps U.S.
Poverty Plan

}

NEW) WIKE

Late World News
MOSCOW (P)-The Soviet government announced yesterday
a timetable for gradually putting Premier Alexei N. Kosygin's
sweeping economic reforms into full effect by 1968. The reforms;
ordered last fall, are to be adopted first on a factory-by-factory
basis, then industry-by-industry. When fully in force, the reforms
will put the state run economy on a more efficient profit basis
in an effort to !revitalize the Soviet system in its economic and
political competition with the West.
The timetable calls for putting about 200 more factories
under the new system next month, converting whole branches
of industry to the system beginning in July and completing the
changeover by Jan. 1, 1968. The reforms are based on the ideas
of liberal economist Yevesi G. Lieberman and. give individual
factory bosses more leeway to take local demands into account
in planning their production.
SENATOR PHILIP HART will speak at a rally Friday at
3:15 p.m. in Auditorium A Angell Hall sponsored by the student
legal defense committee on "Dissent and the Draft." Other
speakers will be Regent Irene Murphy and Professor Ross
Wilhelm. The speakers will discuss the Selective Service re-
classification of ten University students and the validity of
current selective service policies. A minimum donation of 50c will
be charged. The proceeds will go toward the defense of the ten
reclassified students. The committee has already raised more
than $4,000 for their defense.
* *. * *
A STATE COMMISSION studying legislative duties, headed
by University Professor James K. Pollock of the political science
department is reportedly about to recommend a $5,000 pay
increase for Michigan lawmakers. Pollock's commissions will
reportedly recommend the same salary increase approved by the
House last year and laid aside by the Senate after an outcry
among voters and state newspapers. If the pay increase is ap-
proved it would give Michigan lawmakers $15,000 a year making
them the best paid in the nation.
* * * *
THREE REPRESENTATIVES of national student associa-
tions left Friday for Saigon to discuss U.S. policy in South East
Asia with South Vietnamese university students. The delegation
led by Phillip Sherburne, president of NSA, left by plane from
San Francisco with a long list of questions from students in 300
member colleges. At its congress last August NSA criticized the
* bombing of North Viet Nam and called for peace negotiations
that would include representatives of the Viet Cong.
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS of Panhellenic Associa-
tion being considered by Student Government Council may be
challenged by several sorority house presidents. The amendment
proposes reducing sorority rush to once a year. The Presidents'
Council of Panhel had passed the proposal for fall rush last
week by the exact two-thirds margin required. The majority was
made up of thirteen sorority house presidents and the eight
executive Panhel officers who are voting members of the Presi-
dents' Council. Ten house presidents represented the minority.
Before any student organization can make constitutional
changes, SGC must approve them. Discussion and the vote over
this issue will take place Thursday night.

Shortage of Poor Ends
Work-Study Idea
For Local Students
By DAVID DUBOFF
University officials have been'
forced to scrap a federally spon-
sored work-study program because
of a shortage of needy students
on campus.
The program which is part of
the President's anti-poverty pro-
gram would have subsidized part-
time jobs for students from low-
income families.
But a shortage of qualified stu-
dents (family income must be un-
der $5000 to qualify) has prevent-
ed the program from getting off
the ground according to Walter B.
Rea, University director of finan-
cial aids.
$15,000
A survey conducted last year
by the University Student Eco-
nomic Union placed average fam-
ily income of University students
at $15,000.
However, Rea added that there
are students" who would. qualify
under the need criterion, but are
reluctant to identify themselves.
Rea also pointed out that the
existence of many unfilled part-
time jobs at the University and
in the community at large makes
the work-study porgram imprac-
tical. He pointed to a University
survey of the '64-65 season which
revealed that there were 6,656
part-time employes earning over
$4.5 million, working in the resi-
dence halls, libraries, as teaching
fellows, counselors, and in re-
search.
303 Unfilled Jobs!
In addition, at the present time
there are an estimated 303 unfill-
ed part-time Jobs at the Univer-
sity, with salaries ranging from
$1.25 to$2.40 an hour. The high
salaries are for research and
teaching jobs involving some de-
gree of training, Rea indicated.
A major problem is finding stu-
dents to work in the residence
halls. Currently, 250 positions are
open. Unless these vacancies are
filled, Rea predicted students may
have to bus their own dishes next
year.
Rea said that many students
from low-income families could
benefit from employment but are
often not able to undertake the
extra load.
Another reason why the work-
study program has not got off the
ground is the lack of personnel
needed to undertake the program.
Rea pointed out that in order for
the program to be effective people
See 'U', Page 21

-AssociAted Press
KAYOED BY VIET NAM HEAT
An American soldier felled with heat prostration in the jungles of Viet Nam is given a drink of water by a buddy. The victim only re-
cently joined the 3rd Brigade of the U.S. Ist Infantry Division, based at Lai Khe. (See Viet Nam story on Page 3).
STUDIES SWELL:
Population Explosion Hits Ranks
OfCampus Demo graphic Experts

Report Asks
Changes in
Counseling
Committee Calls for
More Sex Education
Courses, Counselor
By SHIRLEY ROSICK
A joint Student Government
Council-Office of Student Affairs
committee on counseling this
weekend issued a report calling
for a premarital-marital counselor
in the newly created Office of
Counseling.
According to committee chair-
man, Rick Handel, '67, other sal-
ient recommendations, made after
four months of research into the
pre - marital - marital counseling
and sex education services avail-
able to University students, in-
elude:
-The continuation and expan-
sion of a sociology department
course entitled "Marriage and
Family Relations in American So-
ciety";
-Revision of a University book-
let called "Guide to Counseling";
-The formation of a facuty
student committee to review curl
rent sex education literature,
choosing either one publication or
writing a new one to be distributed
to all housing units next fall, and
-The implementation of a
speaker program for housing
units, with representatives from
the Washtenaw Planned Parent-
hood Association speaking on such
topics as: reproduction, birth con-
trol techniques, population explo-
sion and family planning.
One of Series
The study on pre-marital and
marital counseling and sex edu-
cation is only one of a series of
counseling studies the committee
plans, Handel said. The next proj-
ect will be a study of academic
counseling, he continued.
Handel said that the recom-
mendation that the Office of
Counseling find a marital and pre-
marital counselor will await con-
sideration until the completion of a
survey by Marion Stringham,
Grad, on community, religious and
University facilities for marital
counseling.
The counseling committee re-
port pointed out that while mar-
riage counseling is offered by
Planned Parenthood, the Family
Service of Ann Arbor and the
Catholic Social Service, each of
these agencies is understaffed.
Handel also noted that the Uni-
versity's Bureau of Psychological
Services "does a little" but is bas-
ically concerned with treating ser-
ious emotional problems, of which
marital problems are only a part.
Course Reinstituted
The course "Marriage and Fam-
ily Relations in American Socie-
ty," which had been dropped by
the sociology department, has been
reinstituted by the literary col-
lege at large, Handel said.
In past semesters, over 900 stu-
dents have preclassified for the
approximately 300 seats that have
been available in the family rela-
tions class, the counseling report
noted. For this reason, the report
urged that the course not only
be continued, but expanded.
Work on the revision of the
"Guide to Counseling" booklet has
been in progress for several weeks,
Handel said. However, the facul-
ty-student committee for selecting
or writing a sex education pam-
phlet is only in the first stages
of organization. Students on the
counseling committee will be work-
ing with faculty from the School

By DAVID KNOKE
Population explosions usually
create nothing but headaches for
universities. But in Ann Arbor
there is one population explosion
that is being met with open arms.
It is the astronomical growth of
campus units and personnel de-
voted to the study of population
growth, and the affiliated prob-
lems of the overcrowding, famine
and social unrest.
As a result there is a shortage
of trained personnel to handle the
various population studies 'on
campus.
The University Population Stud-
ies Center, established just five
years ago, now employs several
dozen persons in part- and full-
time research and clerical work..
The creation last year of the Cen-
ter for Population . Planning in
the public health school and the
Center for Research and Training

in Reproductive Biology at the
medical school has given the Uni-
versity a large complex dedicated
to the study of human population
problems.
A Ford Foundation grant of $3
million last year to these centers
for a period of five years has en-
abled them to greatly expand
their programs.
Lack Trained People
Prof. Ronald Freedman, director
of the center, says that the op-
portunities in the field are ex-
panding so rapidly that there are
not enough people being trained
to fill the jobs available.
"In terms of openings for teach-
ers, analysts, and fieldworkers,
there is such a great lack of quali-
fied people that I foresee only
about 10 per cent of the jobs being
filled next year," said Freedman.
While the Population Studies
Center was created just five years
ago, interest in this field dates
back to the first courses in popu-
lation ecology offered by the so-
ciology department at the turn of
the century. During the last 20
years, almost three dozen students
Swith major concentrations in pop-
ulation and human ecology studies
have received the Ph.D. from the
University.
At present, the center has great-
ly increased the number of stu-
dents ir its doctoral program of
demography-the science of popu-
latior trends.
The training of doctoral stu-
dents in the skills necessary to fill
the job opportunities is one of the
major prr-grams of the center.
From eight to ten senior re-
search professors, holding joint
appointments with the literary
college, are involved as faculty
for the doctoral programs. Last

of an established investigator and
advances in a series of tasks de-
manding increasingly independent
judgment. By his final year, the
student should be capable of in-
dependent research on his doc-
torate.
The Population Studies Center
has other interests besides the
training of new personnel. Among
these are programs in foreign re-
sources development and faculty
research projects.
The foreign resources develop-
ment programs, besides involving
foreign students in training at
Ann Arbor, develops research and
training facilities abroad and
sends faculty abroad to carry out
research projects.
Prof. Amos Hawley recently re-
turned from Bangkok, Thailand.
where he spent 18 months as a
special social science advisor to
the office of the prime minister.
The programs on which he par-
ticipated studied the changes in
fertility and family planning in
villages receiving health project
demonstrations.
'Pakeshita Leaves
Prof. John Takeshita will leave
for Korea in August for two years.
In July, James Palmore will de-
part for a year of consultation
and advisory work with the Ma-
layan government to survey and,
establish a baseline for developing
programs in family planning.
Prof. David Goldberg is current-
ly in Turkey teaching at the Mid-
dle East Technical University and
collaborating with Turkish popu-
lation experts on fertility studies
in the Ankara area.
One program which receiyed
much attention was the joint ef-
fort begun in 1962 between the

nary information or techniques to
do this successiully.
"We discovered that a larger
program would get a positive re-
sponse in terms of the number of
people coming forward voluntarily
and that a great deal of informa-
tion on family planning would
spread out by word-of-mouth,"
says Freedman.
The- enter does not have a sin-
gle centralized program of re-
search, but aims at bringing first-
rate scholars into the organization
and providing them with space,
equipment clerical assistance and
other aids to tacilitate their chosen
research projects. Underway last
year were several major studies in
population phenomena.
Prof. Otis Duncan collaborated
with Prof. Peter Blau of the Uni-
versity of Chicago on a study of
many aspects of social mobility.
One hypothesis studied was that
variation in fertility as well as
present social status is related to
the social backgrounds .of married
couples. The study was financed
by a grant from the United States
Public Health Service.
An extensive program in fer-
tility and family life cycles was
begun three years ago by Goldberg
and Freedman, who surveyed
women in the Detroit met'opoli-
tan area. Two interviews of each
of 1100 women have beern com-
pleted, with a third f llow-up in-
terview planned for 1966 to com-
plete the analysis.
Other studies underway or re-
cently completed include popula-
tion trends in Michigan, factors
associated with pre-marital preg-
nacies, time series evaluations of
expect and actual family growth,
problems associated with metro-

PROFESSORS RESIGN:
Dispute over Selection of Department
Chairman Sparks Revolt at Duquesne

By HELEN KRONENBERG
With the current discussions on
how the next University president
can be most democratically chos-
en., the recent election of a depart-
ment head at Duquesne Univer-
sity in Pittsburgh, Pa., should serve
notice to those who think that
Robert's Rules of Order is the an-

Dispute first arose when some
members of Duquesne's philisophy
faculty felt that Pauson's graduate
program in existential phenomen-
ology was reducing the scope and
depth of this course in European
contemporary thought.
Last month the faculty members
against Pauson's program forced
a vote of confidence in the chair-

in a poll of confidence. Frings said,
I would have been willing to work
under his chairmanship."
Two days later, another meet-
ing of the philosophy faculty was'
called. In the meantime, a new
member had been added to the
faculty. After Robert's Rules of
Order was adopted for the meet-
ing, a motion to continue discus-
a flr n .- P -n Q ,+nnlanfnn -nn 'a a-

university president "was rather
inactive. He has chaired two
meetings, but I fail to see any-
thing come of it."
Some faculty members have been
willing to publish in the Duquesne
campus newspaper their opinions
on the recent chair election. Ber-
nard Flynn, a teaching assistant
who resigned, wrote in his pub-
lih.1,Ar ,.a., in+ ths - k- +.

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