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March 19, 1966 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-19

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDE. AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH. NEWS PHONE: 764-0552
Troth Wit] Prevail NRSTANA.otMIH NESPO :76-52j
Editorials printed in. The Michigan Daily express the inidividual opinions of staff writers ]
or the editors. This must e noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, MARCH 19. 1966 NIGHT EDITOR: CLARENCE FANTO

Dampen the Boom Now... Gently

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.1

NDEA and Congress:
A Hopeful Sign

THE BOOM is running faster
than we realized at the first
of the year, faster than the gov-
ernment economists expected when
they issued the economic report
only two months ago.
In February, the Lionel D. Edie
survey recorded new and mounting
symptoms of inflation-particular-
ly in the growth of inventories
and in the rate of capital invest-
ment for plant and equipment.
The Commerce Department sur-
vey of plans for business invest-
ment spending issued last week
was cited by the President to allay
fears of a capital boom, but even
the government's lower estimates
show business investment to be
ahead of the expectations underly-
ing the 1967 budget.
"The issue," says that high
authority Prof. Samuelson, "is no
longer growth versus stagnation.
It is maintainable long-term
growth versus frenzied and self-
defeating scrambling for limited
resources."
Walter Heller, who directed so
brilliantly the Kennedy expan-
sionary policy, made an address
on Feb. 23 in which he took note

of the symptoms. Heller spoke
calmly, but he raised the question
as to whether "further restrictive
action is needed."
PROF. SAMUELSON has been
more emphatic. Writing a week
later he said that the situation is
such that the President should
"bring in a tax program before
midyear." Since that time there
has been growing agreement
among economists on this rec-
ommendation. Not only the more
orthodox economists who have
long thought they saw signs of
inflation, but a large number of
"new" academic economists are
now pointing to the key indicators
and calling for action.
We are now, says Heller, poised
with our foot off the accelerator
and just over the brake. When the
brake is applied it should take the
form not of a general deflation of
the whole economy by drastic
monetary measures, but rather of
selective tax measures, such as the
temporary suspension of invest-
ment credits and stronger re-
striction on installment credit.

...Today
and,
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN
AMONG ECONOMISTS who
have been supporting the meas-
ures which have generated the
five-year expansion of the econ-
omy there has been agreement
that the investment boom is the
critical point. Capital investment
for plant and equipment is, as
Keynes taught long ago, the dy-
namic element in the cycle of
boom and slump. No other ele-
ment of a highly advanced modern
economy has such a "multiplier"
effect on the stream of spending
as does the rise and fall of capital
investment.
The time having come when the
boom needs to be damped down-
but not knocked out with a meat
ax-the sensible thing to do is to
suspend temporarily the 7 per
cent investment credit now in the

tax laws. This suspension should
be accompanied, says Heller, by
"an ironclad guaranty to restore
it" when there 'are signs that the
economy again needs stimulation.
Considering how long it takes
for Congress to deal with new laws,
the long hearings in the two
houses and the long debates, there
is no time to be lost if the neces-
sary legislation is to be ready by
the end of June. Ideally the Con-
gress would go to work at once to
pass contingency tax increases so
that, if during the spring the in-
flationary pressure becomes great,
the brake can be applied without
undue delay.,
ALL OF THIS has to do with
something which has never been
donetbefore, that is to regulate a
boom so that there is no crash,
but on the contrary a sustained
prosperity without inflation. In the
history of modern states this is a
momentous and thrilling experi-
ment, this attempt to show that
by deliberation and choice a na-
tion can master the violence of
the business cycle. Next to the
prevention of war there is no more

critical task with which modern
governments have to deal.
The accomplishment of almost
all the other tasks which have to
be performed in a modern state
depends on the success of this ex-
periment. If the state is enlighten-
ed it must proceed to the con-
quest of poverty. Once it is seen
that poverty is not fated in the
nature of things, it becomes in-
tolerable. There is the still greater
task of learning to treat the edu-
cation of our people as we have
learned to treat military security,
as something worth doing no mat-
ter what it costs.
THERE IS THE TASK beyond
that of teaching ourselves to re-
alize that for a good life in a good
society a new balance will have to
be struck between expenditures for
private consumption and expen-
ditures for schools, hospitals, ur-
ban renewal, transit and so forth.
For there is a point-somewhere
let us say between the first and
second family automobile-when
the money for the second auto-
mobile ought to go to paying for
a better school.
(c),1966, The Washington Post Co.

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THE ACTION of a House Education sub-
committee Thursday is hopefully a
sign of congressional determination not
to sacrifice federal education programs
to increased military spending.
The unanimous resolution of the sub-
committee to block President Johnson's
plans to scrap the National Defense Edu-
cation Act student, loan program next
year was the first step in what could de-
velop into the first substantial revolt
of Congress against the administration.
In his budget message for the 1967 fis-
cal year, which begins on July 1, the Pres-
ident proposed elimination of the NDEA
in favor of newly-established programs of
federally - subsidized, privately - financed
loans.
While the plan seemed feasible on pa-
per, it came as a shock to the loan admin-
istrators across the country, who had been
given the impression as late as December
that the NDEA program would be contin-
ued.
In many states, no higher authority for
education had been previously set up, as
the bill required, and other laws had to be
altered to meet federal stipulations.
Also, the banking community, who had
never before participated in the program,
were not educated to the program, and
were very reluctant about taking part.
4N THE FACE of mounting protests from
banks and college loan administrators
who claimed that the program could not
be set up quickly enough to be opera-
tional for the 1966-67 academic year, and
from members of Congress, Johnson an-
nounced a partial retreat from his posi-
tion in a message to Congress March 1.
The bill introduced at that time, how-
ever, called for only $150 million rather
than the $190 million that had originally
been proposed .
It also contained provisions which made
the bill, according to one University
source, "a horrible monstrosity." These
provisions, which could have made NDEA
loans an administrative and bookkeeping
nightmare, included:
-NDEA funds would become available
to a school only if it could 'prove that
moneys for student loans could not be
obtained from any other source.
-Repayments of outstanding loans
would be turned over directly to Wash-
ington beginning Sept. 30, 1966. In the
past, repayment funds were retained by
the school and re-loaned. This provision
could have cost the University over $100,-
000 in loan funds.
-The commssioner of education would
be. empowered to call in promissory notes
for outstanding loans at his discretion,
leaving the University to act only as
agent in collecting from borrowers. Of-
fice of Financial Aids sources feared that
this provision could have led to an ac-
counting morass.
WHETHER OR NOT these provisions
have been retained by the subcom-
mittee is not yet clear. If they have, the
proposed bill could still be a disaster.
Acting Editorial Staff
MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH, Editor
BRUCE wAssR8TEIN, Executive Editor

However, in the light of the unanimity
of the subcommittee action and their ex-
pressed resolve to maintain the loan pro-
gram as it has been in the past, it seems
likely that the administrative complica-
tions will be cleared before the bill reaches
the floor.
In 'preparing the 1967 budget, with its
$13 billion planned expenditure for the
war in Viet Nam, it must have become
clear to the President and his advisors
that something had to go on the domestic
front to prevent rampant inflation that
could result from swollen government
spending.
The front on which they chose to make
the most drastic cuts was federal educa-
tion programs. Elimination of NDEA alone
would have saved over $180 million. Cuts
in other programs, such as aid to land-
grant colleges and the federal school
lunch program were also slated.
THERE IS AN APPARENT paradox in
the administration's position on educa-
tion, the budget and the war. On one
hand they pour $40 million into the Op-
portunities' Awards program designed to
pull students from low income families
into higher education. On the other, it
attempts to scrap a sound and successful
loan program and- replace it with one
that would make it nearly impossible for
these same low income youths to obtain
education loans.
The administration declares. a total
war on poverty and then seeks to abolish
a program that has in many cases provid-
ed slum children with the only hot and
balanced meal they get. The "education
President" proposes grandiose and no
doubt politically popular educational
schemes and then wrecks havoc on exist-
ing functioning programs. This scatter-
shot approach to education can only re-
sult'in disaster.
JOHNSON administration, in plan-
ning for changes to be made in federal
aid to education, failed to adequately
consult educators. Congress, as shown by
the example of the House Education
subcommittee, seems to be a little closer
and a lot more concerned about the con-
sequences of their actions.
-STEVE WILDSTROM
Food for Thought
DUE TO INCOMPLETE food service fa-
cilities, it may be tough finding steady
meals next year on North Campus unless
adequate provisions are made soon.
Cedar Bend Apartments will offer priv-
acy, proximity to North Campus facilities,
vending machines, and no internal food
service. And yet they were planned for
upperclass and graduate students study-
ing on North Campus who did not wish to
be responsible for preparing their own
meals.
Cedar Bend Project A, to be opened next
fall, is being offered to students current-
ly applying for University housing.
It is planned that Cedar Bend dwellers
will use the dining room and other fa-
cilities of Bursley Hall, a dormitory being
constructed nearby. The five Cedar Bend
buildings would have vending machines,
but food services would be supplied at
Bursley Hall.
BURSLEY HALL, however, is scheduled
to open one year after the first Cedar
Bend apartments. Therefore, food services
for the first Cedar Bend residents will
have to be provided elsewhere. With no

private dining rooms on North Campus,
the only possible source would be North
Campus Commons, a recently-constructed
activities center not prepared to handle
such a demand.
Dormitory and Services Enterprises of-
ficials have said they are currently mak-
ing arrangements for food service at the
North Campus Commons, and that their
arrangements will be finalized before
contracts are submitted to students next
month.
Hopefully, adequate measures can be
adopted for the interim period next year.
It would be regrettable if a food short-

a

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
SGC Executive Officers Back Robinson

To the Editor:
WITH THE SGC spring elections
rapidly approaching, it is
mandatory that the campus re-
ceive information concerning the
two presidential candidates, La
Robinson and Bob Bodkin. As
executive officers of Student Gov-
ernment Council, we feel qualified
to make this statement. We be-
lieve the following analysis and
conclusions to be an objective
appraisal.
Our first comments shall be
directed at the past activities of
the two candidates. Bob Bodkin
has claimed success in three areas:
the workings of the SHA, the
SGC-UAC academic conference
and co-sponsorship of the original
presidential selection motion. Un-
der closer examination one will see
that these activities may more ac-
curately be, classified either as
partial successes or only nominally
under the leadership of Bodkin.
FIRST, the SGC-UAC aca-
demic conference was only mod-
erately productive and it was only
through the efforts of Ronna Jo
Magy, UAC Academic Chairman,
that the conference got as, far as
it did. Mr. Bodkin's contributions
were almost nonexistent.
Secondly, it was not Mr. Bodkin
who sponsored the original presi-
dential selection motion on Feb-
ruary 3, 1966. Charles Cooper and
Rachel Amado presented the first
on September 23, 1965. From these
actions and others it is evident
that Bodkin has tried to make "big
splashes" but has not followed
through with these programs.
Their philosophies are signifi-
cantly different. Essentially, Bod-
kin and the Reach organization
may be classified as persons in-
terested in the proliferation of
bureaucratic structures. They are
overly concerned with means, and
it is apparent to all that a state-
mnent of goals is essential to any
constructive organizational or
committee work.
It seems that Reach and Mr.

Bodkin, to the detriment of the
campus, have become fixated on
communications links.
ON THE OTHER HAND Robin-
son, running as an independent,
has found the delicate balance
between conviction to goals and
practical organizational policy.
This is crucial for anyone seeking
the Presidency of SGC.' Because
of the great diversity of opinion
on the Michigan Campus, flexibil-
ity with firmness (as displayed by
Robinson) is of a primary im-
portance.
The personal style that Bodkin
has displayed in his committee
relations has also left us somewhat
disturbed. Many of the individuals
associated with his activities ap-
pear to have only an ephemeral
and short lived relationship with
the committees.
We hope, but seriously doubt,
whether this can be remedied.
Robinson, however, has been able
to gather a growing number of
dedicated associates (a test of his
leadership capabilities) which}
might be attributed to the more
egalitarian atmosphere which per-
vades his relations with fellow
students.
IT IS ALSO important to ex-
amine the proposed areas in which
the candidates would seek to de-,
velop student concern and activi-
ties. A close political companion of
Mr. Bodkin recently explained
that Reach was planning to devote
almost all its effort solely to on-
campus affairs. This isolationist
policy is a throw-back to the
1950's when student councils
spent their, time p r e p a r in g
Thanksgiving decorations for cafe-
teria walls.
On the other side, Robinson has
shown a vital awareness of factors
which influence student welfare.
He believes, and we support him,
that when actions outside the uni-
versity affect students, it is the
proper role of students to re-
spond to these situations.
Certainly, students must con-

cern themselves with such things'
as Ann Arbor zoning laws, univer-
sity appropriations from Lansing,
and coverage of NDEA loans as
set in Washington, D.C. These are
the topics in which students are
directly involved and properly
should encompass a proportionate
amount of SGC time. In excluaTng
off-campus issues Bodkin has
shown himself divorced from the
true currents in student activities.
FINALLY, and perhaps most
importantly, Bob Bodkin, is cur-
rently planning to appoint two
elected SGC persons to executive
posts on Council. In the past, these
two administrative offices have
not been filled with voting mem-
bers of SGC. These actions will
have the effect of more than
doubling the voting power of the
executive committee and thereby,
reducing the voice of the general
body of students by two votes.
This "stacking" can only serve
to severely reduce the open de-
bating forum that Council must
be. An executive powerblock will
encourage students with conflict-
ing, but perhaps valid questions,
to "go outside the system." This
would indeed be unfortunate for
the student body.
It is our belief that those who
carefully weigh the above analysis
will conclude, as we have, that Ed
Robinson should be the next
President of Student Government
Council.
-Harlan Bloomer, '66A&D,
Executive Vice-President SGC
-Charles Cooper, '66,
Administrative Vice-President
SGC.
-Mike Gross, '66,
Treasurer, SGS
Republicans
To the Editor:
DURING THE LAST YEAR col-
lege students have been in the
forefront of many issues. On

March 11-12 nearly five hundred
delegates from 35 colleges and
universities to the annual con-
vention of the Michigan Federa-
tion of College Republicans met in
Detroit and considered many of
these issues. Below is a quick
summary: We
--strongly disagreed with the
resolution passed by the State
Senate which would seek to de-
prive students of their rights to
hear a Communist speaker on
campus if they so desired. We con-
sidered "this to be a gross intru-
sion into the rights of free speech
and of association."
--endorsed passage of statewide
open occupancy legislation with
truly adequate enforcement pro-
visions
-ENDORSED THE extension of
tuition grants to students attend-
ing private, nonprofit institutions
of higher education (Michigan
Senate Bill No. 780).
--endorsed lowering the voting
age to 18 and amending state sta-
tues (Senate Bill No. 883) to allow
18 through 20 year old citizens to
serve as challengers at the polls
and as precinct delegates.
-urged the creation of local,
state, and federal Offices of Pub-
lic Defender for indigent defen-
dents.
I -took strong exception to the
draft being used as a penalty
against protestors and urged a
more fitting sanction for the law.
WE URGED THE correction of
the discriminatory nature of the
draft where in one state or county
married men and college students
need to be drafted while this is
unnecessary in another.
-On Vietnam we considered
that . . . "the war will be long,
dirty, and costly, in human life,
but unfortunately absolutely ne-
cessary in order to fulfill our
pledge to the Vietnamese people
and affirm the right of all coun-
tries to determine their course
free from subversion . . . the ap-
proach announced in Honolulu
for seriously grappling with the
social and economic problems in
South Viet Nam sorely needed to
be done . . . a blockade of Hai-
phong by the sinking of ships in
the two channels, thus sealing off
North Viet Nam's only major port
should be initiated.
This approach would avoid any
immediate major air strike of Hai-
phong while still shutting off the
port . . . any negotiated settle-
ment must require that no one

who advocates the overthrow or
subversion of the future govern-
ment be allowed to serve it and
that free elections, which should
be a continual and guaranteed
right of the people, be under the
Geneva Accords and an intergral
part of any solution."
FINALLY WE considered it
"very proper for the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee to order
hearings on Viet Nam (because)
for too. long the facts were cover-
ed up by the Johnson administra-
tion. The right to information is
essential to any democracy."
We said that "we would also like
to defend the civil liberties of
America's left wing in their ob-
jections to the administration's
policy. It is their Constitutional
and moral right to object though
we completely disagree with them.
-Peter E. Coughlin, Grad
Legislative Relations
Chairman,
Michigan Federation of
College Republicans
Hatchetman
To the Editor:
,WHAT HAVE they done to the
trees?
What hatchet-men have depriv-
ed us of the best class-cutting-to-
read-in places, the branches over-
hanging the Huron River near
Fuller (and, reliable sources tell
me, the Arb)? Not to mention one
of the few places where the water
was audible over automobile noiaes.
Is the bureaucratic multiversity
responsibile for displacing' all local
druids? And why?
Could it have been deemed a
safety hazard? To drown in the
Huron River in that area would
be quite anaccomplishment, con-
sidering its depths and the prox-
imity of its banks to each other.
Could it have been considered a
fire hazard? I doubt it, since the
first' buds 'of the season always
sproutedon these favorite limbs.
Perhaps on a nice day it was a
study hazard but other than that
I can see no reasonable explana-
tion, since such refuges from traf-
fic and other distractions are rare
enough (I almost said "don't grow
on trees," but they grow on pre-
cious few of them sturdily enough
to support students and, Shake-
speare books).
I REALIZE it's a bit late for
"Woodman, spare that tree limb"
but gee..
-Marjorie Rapaport, '66

*

b

l S ' l,,T? 4
I r.
P,

Museum Stumbling

IN A NUTSHELL
By BETSY COHN

CLARENCE PANTO
Managing Editor

HARVEY WASSERMAN
Editorial Director

JOHN MEREDrH ........ Associate Managing Editor
LEONARD PRATT ........ Associate Managing Editor
BABETTE COHN .. ........Personnel Director
CHARLOTTE WOLTER .... Associate Editoral Director
ROBERT CARNEY....Associate Editorial Director
ROBERT MOORE................Magazine Editor
Acting Business Staff
SUSAN PERLSTADT, Business Manager
JEFFREY LEEDS ........ Associate Business Manager
HARRY BLOCH... .......Advertising Manager
STEVEN LOEWENTHAL......Circulation Manager
ELIZABETH RHEIN............ Personnel Director
VICTOR PTASZNIK ................ Finance Manager
CHARLES VETZNER ..............Sports Editor
JAMES LaSOVAO ... "..... Associate Sports Editor
JAMES TINDALL.........Associate Sports Editor
GIL SAMBERG...........Assistant Sports Editor
SPORTS NIGHT EDITORS: Bob McFarland, Howard
Kohn, Dan Okrent, Dale Sielaff, Rick Stern, John
Sutkus.

"MANY YEARS AGO there lived'
an emperor who was so tre-
mendously fond of fine new
clothes that he spent all his money
being elegantly dressed."
Stumbling into the modern art
gallery, squinting at the belabour-
ed painting of insect spray snug-
gled against the wall, I perked my
ears, crossed my fingers and rest-.
tantly; hoping to hear once again,
ed my weary optic nerves expec-
the immortal squeal of 1843.
I wainted in vain as the paper
mache shampoo lather expanded
before my eyes, "and there came.
two swindlers."
THE OLDENBERG replicas of
plaster onion soup, dripping mas-
ter-pizzas, Warhol soup cans and

alas, I could only hear the 're-
sounding echoes of contented spec-
tators who mooed and purred their
uneasy praises at anything wear-
ing a frame.
IN DESPAIR, I nestled myself in
the nearest movie theater .
"Good Lord," he thought, "is it
possible that I'm stupid. The poor
old minister opened his eyes wider
and wider. He couldn't see a
thing."
For two hours I watched a man
peel away the plastic from his
salami, then left with my out-
break of hives as he reached for
a handful of corn niblets. But
these are patterns of our torment-
ed life, the expressions of our
tormented society, "kinetic en-
ergy," "vibrant vitality . .
Oatmeal dripping from a can
of hairspray and the words
"sponge, scratch-sponge-scratch"
swirling above the distorted tim
this is life?

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