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March 09, 1966 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-09

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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9,4966

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

'PAGE THRE$

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9,1966 THE MiCHIGAN DAiLY PAGE THREi

Members

Discuss French Plan

To

Reshape

NATO

By The Associated Presg
WASHINGTON - The United
States is consulting with its part-
ners in the Atlantic alliance on
French President; Charles de
Gaulle's plans to reshape NATO,
the White House said yesterday.
Press Secretary Bill D. Moyers
disclosed that President Johnson
has "communicated with other
members" of the alliance the con-
tents of the latest exchange on
Monday between de Gaulle and
the U.S. chief executive.
Authoritative sources comment-
ed the swift 'answer meant, on

one hand, that the administration
was not surprised by the French
president's letter in which he in
effect requested renegotiations of
the bilateral agreement under
which American forces are sta-
tioned inFrance.
It meant,. on the other hand,
that the United States did not
want to create a false 'impression
that it could go along, with de
Gaulle's philosophy on the future
of the alliance.
De Gaulle's letter to Johnson
was received Monday afternoon in
Paris. A reply was given in Wash-
ington the same evening.

Moyers declined to discuss the'
contents of the letters, saying the
time is not appropriate. Robert J.
McCloskey, the State Department's
spokesman, told newsmen that
Johnson's answer was a "prelim-
inary reply, relatively brief."
The r problems de Gaulle has
raised "affect the alliance as a
whole," McCloskey said-and this
is the essence of Washington's po-
sition, other officials stressed.
The French president's letter,
was what one source described as
a rhetorical rewriting of what de
Gaulle said at his Feb. 21 news
conference. It was a "declaration

of intent," as the source put it,
to renounce the North Atlantic
Treaty in April 1969-the date the
treaty first allows its members to
-withdraw from the alliance.
Johnson's reply is understood
to have called the general's at-
tention to the serious concern with
which the United States views de
Gaulle's intentions. It also asked
that he consider the grave impli-
cations of the steps he is planning
to take..
De Gaulle's letter, officials said,
did not spell out exactly what he
wants. It lacked specifics and re-
peated in general terms what has

long been known here.
The United States, sources re-
ported, made it clear to France
that it cannot regard the problem
as a bilateral one, but something
which affects the entire alliance.
It also was made clear that the
Johnson administration regards an
effective NATO organization-in-
cluding an integrated command -
the common use of facilities in
France and elsewhere, and com-
mon planning as absolutely essen-
tial to the alliance.
De Gaulle, in his news confer-
ence statements, said in effect
that he wants nothing to do with

the "American protectorate set up would ze in France, will in the fu- ganizations. De Gaulle had served
in Europe under the cover of ture be under French command notice that he wants France to
NATO." alone." disengage from the integrated
He said such American con- This is unacceptable to the NATO command, but not from
flicts as in Korea, Cuba and Viet Johnson administration, officials the alliance itself.
Nam could escalate and Europe said immediately after de Gaulle Johnson's letter, officials em-
would be "automatically involved." spoke out. They said the United phasized, left the door open for
Since all this affects France's States could not agree to French negotiations with the French pres-
sovereignty, de Gaulle decided{ command over its bases in France ident.
"without'going back on her adher- and the approximately 30,000 Some officials, however, are
ence to the Atlantic alliance .. troops it has in that country. skeptical and say they do not be-
to modify successively the meas- U.S. officials have been anxious lieve the general wants to nego-
ures currently practiced." to make it clear since de Gaulle's tlate. De Gaulle, these officials
What this means, de Gaulle ex- news conference that the admin- predict, will go. ahead and sever
plained, is "re-establishing a nor- istration could not accept the his ties with the NATO military
mal situation of sovereignty in French distinction between the At- structure as soon as the treaty
which ... any foreign element that lantic alliance and its military or- permits him to do so.

vSURPRISES EXPERTS:
State Court Divides 4-4 0111 Unemployment Rate

Drops

To Lowest Level in 13 Years

Legislative

Apportioning

Present Plana{
F0 Fr Districts
Will Remain
Justices Undecided
o About Suit Against
1-Man, 1-Vote Plan
By The Associated Press
LANSING-The Michigan Su-
premne Court split 4-4 yesterday on
legislative apportionment, all but
guaranteeing that lawmakers will
be elected from their present dis.-
tricts next November.
The court's failure to reach ma-
jority agreement on a suit filed
against the Austin-Kleiner one
man-one vote plan means that dis-
tricting stands-at least until some -
new legal action is taken.
The controversial plan was -
adopted immediatelyafter the U.S.
Supreme Court handed down itsf-f
landmark population-only decision'
in June 1964. The plan was drawn
by Democrats and contributed to'
that party's sweep of the Legisla- -
ya ture in the 1964 elections. <. ...
The high court ordered the Ap-°
portionment Commission to work
last November, but the eight-man $ <
bipartisan body deadlocked 4-4 at
its midnight deadline New Year's
Eve. TESTIFYING BEFORE THE S
Justice Eugene Black, a mav- director of ColumbiaUniversity'
erick in the apportionment ques- policy with respect to mainland
dtion, repeated his earlier instruc- Chinese.
tions that the commission draw
lots to eliminate one of its mem-
bers and vote again on the ques- A
tion in order to break the dead-
lock. He had no support.
The rest of the vote followed
party lines, with Democratic-nom-
inated Justices Theodore Souris
Paul Adams, Thomas Kavanagh
and Otis 'Smith voting for pres-
ent districting and Republican- WASHINGTON (Pf'). -=An aca-
backed John Dethmers, Michael demic expert told, the Senate
O'Hara and Harry Kelly dissent- Foreign Relations Committee yes-
ing. terdy that Communist China
Court sources interpreted Black's might intervenein the Vietnamese
* "writ of arousal" issued last month war if the government of North
and repeated today, as a vote for Viet Nam. appeared in danger.
reconsideration of the apportion- A. Deak Barnett, acting director
ment question. of Columbia University's East
The 34 persons who filed the Asian Institute, said he doubts
suit 18 months ago-many of them that foreseeible buildups in
identified as Republicans - com- American troop strength in South
plained it violated their rights Viet Nam would provoke Com-
Sthrough political gerrymander and j munist,'Chinese intervention.
fostered racial discrmination. But 'at the same time, he coun-
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press 113-28 ,in Parliament yesterday,
VIENNA, Austria - The Execu- but. food-agitation violence' con-
tive Committee of the Austrian' tinfued in West Bengal State and
People's party yesterday unani- fighting spread, in the wild tribal
mously nominated Chancellor Jo- hills of southeast Assam State.
seph. Klaus to head the next gov- ON NAuhrtiesoce
erment. LNO -uhrttv ore
Conservatives emerged from disclosed last night British plans
Sunday's 'election with an abso- for a big air-sea watch over In-
lute majority of 85 seats in Par- thdan Ocean approaches to Portu-
ilament.; guese Mozambique to deter pirate
fln- .--.nanlfn .~ ndtqa. I

Stock Prices
Rise After
Earlier Slide
Declines Still Exceed
Advances; Pound
aSlips at Same Time

WASHINGTON (M - President to provide the fullest possible in-
Johnson yesterda y reported the formation on existing, or threaten-
lowest unemployment rate in 13 ed, labor shortages.
years and ordered a close watch Although a number of spot labor
for labor shortages that could force shortages have been reported in
up wages and prices and crimp certain industries in recent
the nation's zooming economy. months, both Johnson and Ross
"We are determined to do what- said there was no overall shortage
ever is necessary to keep the econ- of workers.
omy 'expanding and avoid infla- The problem, they said, is
tionary bottlenecks," Johnson said matching the unemployed with job
in a message to Congress on man- openings by training the unskilled,
power policy, providing better job opportunities
Labor Department for Negroes whose unemployment
The Labor Department said the I rate is still double the white rate,
number of jobless Americans drop- utilizing the mentally retarded and
ped by 100,000 in February to 3.15 -_ __
million-or 3.7 per cent of the 74.7 I
million civilian labor force. W ar Tax Bill
The jobless rate usually goes up
in February. ,
The size of the drop in the un-' ro ide Fun d
employment rate from 4 per cent 1 1I 11'

handicapped for certain work, and
encouraging retired workers to re-
turn to the labor force.
"To sustain high employment,
and continue our record of price
stability we must work harder than
ever to match jobs and men,"
Johnson said.
Ross said the government orig-
inally had hoped to get the jobless
rate down to 3.5 per cent by the
end of this year, but that the
prospect is for a continued drop
as construction and farm work
pick up in the spring and the goal
might be reached much earlier.

Ii

Amended To
f or Elderly

in January surprised even the sta-
By The Associated Press tistical experts of the Bureau of'
Labor Statistics who compute the WASHINGTON (.P) - The ad-
NEW YORK-The stock mar- Labor.Stastho cortte ministration's $6-billion Vietna-
ket put on a mixed performance figures. It was the first time in.Imr a a il a mne
ket ut n a ixe perormncenearly nine years that the rate' mese war tax bill was amended
yesterday, with the averages uphas been below 4 per cent. yesterday to provide 'monthly pay-t
but declines exceeding advances. u hments for 1.8 million elderly peo-f
The market tried hard to pull Result of Boom ple who are not now eligible for:
out of the slide that Monday saw Commissioner Arthur M. Ross of Social Security coverage.f
it take its worst battering since the bureau credited the jobless The Republican-s p on sore d
the assassination of President John drop and the 300,000 rise in em- amendment, benefitting that manys
F. Kennedy Nov. 22, 1963. ployment to a total of 71.6 million persons over .age 70, was adopted1
'Prices rose briskly in the morn- to the continuing long-term boom by a Senate vote of 45-40.
rin ei an e bstantia gin- in the economy. It would give the 1.8' million per-
ing and held a substantial gain at "It kept up the head of steam sons the present minimum Social
noon. This was erased but the it already had," Ross said. Security payment of $44 a months
averages climbed back into the Record high manufacturing em- for an individual or $66 for at
ae ofvry. ployment of 18.4 million, exceed- couple, and would cost an esti-
The Dow Jones average of 30 ing the all-out production at the mated $750 million a year.-
industrials closed up 2.22 at 919.98 height of World War II, led the Long's Fightt
after having been ahead 5.95 at employment upswing but there Sen. Russell B. Long (D-La),]
noon. were also sizable gains in wholesale floor manager for the bill, led an
However, of 1,424 issues traded, 'and retail trade, service industries unsuccessful fight to kill the pro-I
753 fell and 446 rose. and government jobs. posal after admitting that it!

pitifully low living standards 'and
is much more important than any-
thing being done under the ad-
ministration's antipoverty pro-
gram.
The Prouty amendment still
faces the hurdle of a Senate-
House conference, since it was
not included, in the tax bill passed
by the House.
Adoption of the amendment with
the combined support of 19 Demo-
crats and 26 Republicans was a
setback for the Johnson adminis-
tration forces, which a short time
before had bowled over a move to
strike from the bill higher excise
taxes on automobiles and tele-
phone service.
Voting against the P r O1u t y
amendment were 31 Democrats
and 9 Republicans.
Several of the Democrats who
went against the administration
and supported the amendment are
up this year for re-election.
The amendment also was sup-
ported by the Kennedy brothers,
Sens. Robert F. Kennedy (D-NY)
and Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass).
Robert Kennedy has spoken ott
in favor of a higher Social Se-
curity payment scale with a part
of the payments financed from
general revenues.
Under the Prouty amendment,
the payments to the 1.8 million
persons would be made from the
Treasury's general revenues and
not from the Social Security trust
fund.

-Associated Press
ENATE foreign relations committee yesterday was A. Doak Barnett,
s East Asian Institute. He called for drastic changes in American
China and efforts to reach an accommodation with the Communist
pert Sees Chance of
CommuistChina

The Associated Press 60-stock
index lost .6 at 343.7. Standard &
Poor's 500-stock index, which rep-
resents 85 per cent of the quoted
value of stocks listed on the New
York Stock Exchange, rose .14 to
88.18.
Volume was heavy, with 10.14
million shares changing hands.
Meanwhile, the pound sterling
slipped slightly at the opening of
the London market as its finan-
cial circles moved into a period
of election jitters.
One exchange official said the
reason for the decline which set in
Monday appeared to be a pre-elec-
tion situation. Britain goes to the
polls in national parliamentary
elections March 31.

Consumer Goods+
Harold Goldstein, assistant com-
missioner of the bureau, said;
booming production of consumer]
goods was the main factor, al-
though the manufacture of war
goods for Viet Nam was responsi-
ble "to some extent."]
Ross said the drop in unemploy-
ment was not due to increased
drafting of young men for mili-
tary service.
Fewer high school dropouts look-
ing for jobs helped lower the job-'
less rate, he said.
The long worrisome teen-age
jobless rate dropped from 12 to 11
per cent, the lowest since 1957.
Ross said he will soon follow
through on Johnson's instructions

caught him by surprise.
He protested that the tax bill is
supposed to raise money to help
pay for the Vietnamese war, not
add to the government's expense.
He contended the principal ben-
eficiaries of the amendment are
persons who are living under bet-
ter retirement programs than So-
cial Security and do not need the
extra income. .
'Money to the Wind'
"We might just as well stand up
on top of the Washington Monu-
ment and throw the money to the
winds," Long said.
Sen. Winston L. Prouty (R-Vt),
who sad been pushing the propos-.
al for some time, said it would
help some older Americans with

seled against escalation of the
conflict. "We not only should not
escalate," he said, "but should de-
escalate."
"It would be a dangerous error
to conclude that Communist China
would not risk major war if it
genuinely felt that its vital in-
terests were threatened," Barnett
said.
Congress got divided counsel on
Communist China from Barnett
and former Assistant Secretary of
State Walter S. Robertson.
Different Opinion
While Barnett called for U.S.
recognition of the Communist re-
gime, Robertson said such a step
would "greatly magnify our own
problem of resisting Communist
expansion."
Robertson, who served under the
late Secretary of State John Fos-
ter Dulles, told a House foreign
affairs subcommittee that Com-
munist China is keeping North
Viet Nam away from the confer-
ence table and blocking all efforts
to find peace in Southeast Asia.
"The Communists apparently
feel that if they hold out long
enough, the concessions due to our
divisions, self-criticisms and im-
patience will be made on our
side," Robertson said.
And he said American recogni-

tion of the Peking regime would
'"bring prestige and power to a
regime that threatens every prin-
ciple of which America gives al-
legiance-it would increase its
capacity for making war at a time
it is planning war."
However, Barnett countered
with :
"I strongly believe that the time
has come-even though the United
States is now engaged in a bitter
struggle in Viet Nam-for our gov-
erment to alter its policy toward
Communist China and adopt a
policy of containment but not
isolation . .
Continue Fighting
But Barnett said the United
States should also continue to
fight Communist subversion and
insurrection, and stand on its
pledge to defend Formosa, seat of
the Nationalist Chinese govern-j
ment.
Barnett said 'there can be no
certainty as to what U.S. steps
might provoke a Chinese response.
He said that uncertainty applies
to such measures as the possible
bombing of North Vietnamese
cities, or the mining of Haiphong
harbor-suggested over the week-
end by Presidential Consultant
Maxwell D. Taylor.

er
TICKETS ON SALE TODAY
AtNoon in the A & D Lobby
FIVE-DAY PROGRAMf
Presented b The Cinema Guild and
Dramatic Arts Center in cooperation :""".:, r::::} L;::i'."::":~iir:ix:ri.: :{
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RESCK R"Lb lvtUdrrud I M F S A
Series in the ARCHITECTURE AND DES7:IGN
ATONIGHT, Thursday, andPid
Each program is different!
i Saturday:f
IN PERSON
I UP-TIGHT With ANDY WARHOLy
and the VELVET UNDERGROUND{
Films by Andy Warhol
VINYL with Gerard Malanga
LUPE with Edie SedgwickCH A ~ C TiI I
ROCK 'N ROLL by the Velvet Underground ~ I..VR *L-/R_.I
T '& :*P e rfo rm a n c e s sc h e d u le d a t 7 :0 0 a n d 9 :0 0-- - -

LONDON-Britain's Labor gov-
ernment last night easily won its
* last major vote in the House of1
Commons after holding power for
more than 16 months by the nar-.
rowest parliamentary margin of
modern times.
With help from the nine voting
members of the middle of the1
road Liberal party, Laborites turn-
ed back a Conservative motion cri-
ticizing the government's defense
policy. The vote was 297-283.
* *' *
NEW DELHI, India - Prime
Minister Indira Gandhi's govern-
ment defeated a censure motion

A Foreign Office spokesman
confirmed that Britain had asked
air base facilities from the big is-
land republic of Malagasy, for-
merly Madagascar 250 miles off
Mozambique.
GUATEMALA - Julio Cesar
Mendez Montenegro claimed vic-
tory yesterday by an absolute na-
jority in Guatemala's three-way
'presidential election y
"I trust the military- govern-
ment will recognize our triumph
and not put obstacles in the way,"
Mendez told a cheering crowd at
the headquarters of his moderate
leftist Revolutionary party.

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