TUESDAY, MARCH 1, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILN
TUESDAY, MARCH 1,1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
WASHINGTON (P) - President;
Johnson's "national consensus" isf
being badly battered.
Serious stress lines are show-I
ing in the impressively solid front
of support, welded together out of
nearly every significant segment
of national life, that rolled up the
landslide Johnson election in 1964.
Now his own party is split by
dissension over Vietnamese war
policy. Labor has threatened to:
cut its Democratic tie. Business
is nervous over federal spending
and the threats of inflation, high-
er taxes, and controls.
It will take all the storied John-
son magic and then some, his
aides acknowledge, to rebuild a
consensus that will hold for the1
Democrats their gains in the Sen-| turned into a political calamity measures which might bring on a provision which lets states outlaw
ate, House, state capitals and city 1 for Johnson. recession, or a call to Congress! the union shop.
halls. Republicans now hope to It has escalated foreign policy for mandatory ceilings. Last week a meeting of the AFL-
unseat at least half of the 71; -an art never considered to be CIO in Miami Beach found new,
brand new Democrats who enter- Johnson's forte-into the top is- His moves have left labor an- evidence of what it called John-
ed the House in 1964. sue of 1966, while generating a gry, puzzled and disappointed. The son's disregard for his pledges to
Viet Nam has been the central whole cluster of troublesome do- AFL-CIO holds that wage-earn- labor. It was a reported White
spoiler of "government by consen.- mestic issues including federal ers are being asked to shoulder House decision to go more slowly'
sus," the great obstacle on the spending, inflation, tight money virtually the whole burden of sta- than labor wishes in raising the
path to Johnson's "Great Socie- high taxes, labor legislation, and bilizing the economy. $1.25 minimum wage.
ty " government controls. Meany announced that AFL-; In the past, labor's grumbling
The President stands between' All can be blamed, in greater CIO unions will honor no guide- hasn't bothered Democratic strate-
the hawks and the doves in a or less degree, on Viet Nam's de- lines which curb the wages of gists much because "labor hasn't
crossfire of criticism, satisfying mands on an economy already workers but not the profits of anywhere else to go." This time
neither side by his efforts. bursting its buttons from a five- industry. Meany seems to be saying that
year boom. The labor chiefs also blamed labor does have somewhere to go
With its lengthening casualty To cushion the inflationary im- Johnson for the quick burial in -back to old-time federation pol-
lists, rising draft calls, military pact Johnson has brought into Congress-for the second succes- icy of making no political alli-
standoffs and diplomatic frustra- play all the pressures and persua- sive year-of labor's No. 1 legisla- ances.
tion, the war he inherited has sions readily at hand, short of tive goal, the Taft-Hartley Act What could really hurt is a cur-
tailment of the financial aid, reg- Among the businessmen who promised more of both guns and
istration help, and precinct work flocked to Johnson's banner in butter. Some groups now complain
that labor's political arm has given 1964 these are few signs of deser- that they find less butter.
to Democrats almost exclusively. tions. Johnson has delivered pros- For instance, some influential
Meantime, the Democratic in- perity, record profits and tax cuts senators are bucking Johnson's re-
tramural strife was being broad- and-until Viet Nam spoiled things duction of $216 million in school
cast to the world. Congressional -a diminishing federal deficit. aid funds for "federally impacted"
complaints over Viet Nam culmi- areas. Others have vowed to fight
nated in televised hearings of the Lately, however, industry lead- his plan to cut the cost of aid to
Senate Foreign Relations Commit- ers have professed concern over college students.
tee, where some of the party's federal spending and its possible So it may be hard for Johnson
biggest names disagreed vocally inflationary consequences. to diminish Great Society spend-
with Johnson, his Cabinet advis- Symptoms of slipping business ing even if he wants to. On the,
ers, and each other. confidence also became visible in other hand, it might be even hard-
If this did not comfort the Com- the stock market. It skidded last er for him to get a general tax
munists-as Gen. Maxwell Taylor week to its worst losses in seven increase-should he decide one is
suggested-it did comfort the Re- months. needed-until the Great Society
publicans who sat back comfort- programs are pruned back.
ably taking notes for next fall's But Johnson's budget is under Either way, it looks like a bad
campaign speeches. fire from the other side too. He year for the Johnson consensus.
Controversy Grows Over
Foes Claim Debate
Harms U.S. Position;
Try for Tuesday Vote
WASHINGTON (A')-Sen. Ross
Bass (D-Tenn) suggested yester-
day that the Senate vote to shut'
off the debate on a $4.8-billion
war spending bill, now in its
ninth day. Georgia's Sen. Richard
B. Russell, arch foe of the cloture
route in civil rights battles, said
he might support such a move.
But Senate Democratic Leader
Mike Mansfield of Montana, call-
ing for passage of the emergency
autharization bill, ruled out any
move to halt debate with a cloture
The money .would go for weap-
ons and other military needs dur-
ing the remainder of this fiscal
"Don't leave young men without
the resources to defend them-
selves," said Russell.
While champions of President
Johnson's policy demanded Sen-
ate action on the war spending
bill, 17 senators sought to draft
a policy amendment that would
oppose any escalation of the fight-
They met at the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee with its
chairman, Sen. J. W. Fulbright
Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo)
Joined a chorus of protests about
the prolonged degate-now in its
Symington said the Senate's de-
bate about U.S. policy in South-
east Asia has become a filibuster
that "can only increase casualties"
in Viet Nam.
"I've been in filibusters," added
Georgia's Sen. Russell, "but I've
never run one like this.
"It can't help anything on earth
except our enemies," said the
Georgia Democrat, who has cap-
tained Southern senators in-word
wars aimed at civil rights legisla-
The House was poised to act on
the spending measure, probably
"it yseems incredible that the
peoples are witnessing this kind
of operation in the U.S. Senate,"
"This is creating a very unfav-
orable impression all over the
"A sorry spectacle," said Rus-
sell, chairman of the Senate Arm-
ed Forces Committee. He said the
Senate should meet around the
clock, beginning today, until the
bill is passed
Sen. Russell B. Long (D-La)
complained that critics of the ad-
ministration will neither make
their speeches nor vote on the bill.
Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore) once
again blocked Long's bid for a
Senate agreement to limit the de-
bate. It only takes one objection
to bar that move. Morse said the
Senate should be able to vote to-
Secretary of Defense Robert S.
McNamara, on Capitol Hill to dis-
cuss the Pentagon budget, said he
is anxious to see the Senate vote.
"We and the Armed Services
Committee are very anxious to see
the bill come to a vote," he said.
But he did not criticize the de-
baters. "What we are fighting for
in Viet Nam and elsewhere is the
right of people to express them-
selves," McNamara said.
Wilson Calls March Elections;
Polls Give Edge to Labor Party
LONDON (M -- Britain will Wilson's government has a ernment in Rhodesia has not
choose a new government in na- working majority of only three achieved its aim of bringing the
tional elections March 31. Prime votes in the present House of Rhodesians to heel. The annual
Minister Harold Wilson named the Commons. budget in April is expected to con-
date yesterday in a calculated After 15 months of walking a tinue taxes at their present high
gamble to keep his Labor party in political tightrope anchored to level.
power until 1971. this fragile-majority, Wilson prob- With pressures mounting, Wil-
The announcement ended weeks ably feels he has pushed his luck son thus gave in to party sup-
of speculation and mounting pres- far enough. porters scenting victory and exer-
sure on Wilson from his backers Pre sure for a new election be- cised the prerogative of a British
to call an election while Labor gan building inside the Labor: prime minister to call an election
seemed likely to win. It also party last fall. A Labor member whenever he wants, before his
brought the Conservatives-under- died, cutting the party's majority statutory five-year term expires.
'dogs in the betting-out fighting. tE mporarily to two. He was suc-
"Tm delighted the fight is on," ceeded by another Labor man in
said the Conservative leader, Ed- the January special election in GRADUATING
ward Heath. "We will attack La- Hull, where labor multiplied its ENGINEERS, SCIENCE,
d f mi t victory margin five times. A ** kA A I
oor s recora oz msgovernmenT ana
failure to solve the nation's fun-
The opinion polls and the bet-
ting odds predict a Labor victory.
Wilson will run on his record, and
the Conservatives against it.
The main campaign theme prob-
ably will be a replay of the 1964
race, when the chief issue wasi
which party could do the better
job of modernizing Britain.
Byelecting a Labor government
15 months ago with a tiny margin,
British voters appeared to indi-3
cate they hadn't really made up
their minds. Politicians on both
sides of the fence hope this elec-
tion will yield a clear-cut result.
Parliament will be dissolved
March 10 and the new House of
Commons willmeet April 18.
Queen on Tour
Queen Elizabeth II, who pro-
claims the dissolution formally,
gave her approval by telegram
and then by letter from the West
Indies, where she is on tour. She
will return March 7 to complete
Public opinion polls were going
consistently in Labor's direction.
The latest lead of 14 per cent
would give Wilson a majority of
more than 100 seats if reflected in'
the ballot box.
However, difficulties loom in the
months ahead. The government's
policy of economic blockade
against the rebellious white gov-
AND MATH MAJOR5
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PLUS: Russell Lynes on San
Francisco's Cultural Donny-
brook, Sam Blum's Ode to
the Cigarette Code, Clayton
Fritchey on Washington's no-
torious news leaks, a new story
by Graham Greene, reviews of
the month's recordings, books,
AT YOUR NEWSSTAND NOW
there's a Movie
LIVE ABROAD THIS SUMMER WITH
THE EXPERIMENT IN
INDIANS MARCH FOR FOOD
Crowds of Indians carried signs and chanted in a demonstration in Calcutta last week, calling "Give
us food; give us kerosene" and "We demand full food rationing for all." India is facing a severe short-
age of food which may reach famine proportion even with increased United States wheat shipments.
Meanwhile, it was announced in New Delhi the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi will fly to the United
States March 27.
Jakarta Remains Tense After
Rea of Def Mis
nem-noval of 1Defense Minister-
TUES., MARCH 1
UGLI MULTIPURPOSE ROOM
Daily Clasifieds Get Results
SINGAPORE (P-Police firing
in the air broke up a melee yes-
terday between pro and anti-
Communist students in Jakarta.
The pro-Communist students
went from a rally presided over
by President Sukarno to try to
break up a demonstration at the
University of Indonesia by Kami,
the anti-Communist student group
banned by Sukarno last Friday.
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - Kwame Nkrumah,
deposed president of Ghana, ar-
rived in Moscow today from Pe-
king and was met by Soviet For-
eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko.
There was no immediate indi-
cation how long Nkrumah would
Jakarta radio said Sukarno told stop the sun from rising in the
the students at Sukarno Stadium east."
that Indonesia "will soon return Sukarno whipped up the pro-
to its original leftist track." He Communist students to a frenzy.
warned his opponents would be Student leaders urged the others
crushed. to attack the Kami students. From
Stop the Sun the stadium the pro-Communist
Sukarno declared the only people students, wearing black shirts,
who would be able to stop In- went to the university armed with
donesia's revolution from turning stories and clubs.
to the left "are people who can Demonstration
About 300 Kami students, wear-
ing yellow shirts, were demon-
strating outside the university de-
nouncing Sukarno for firing his
anti-Communist defense minister,
Gen. Abdul Haris Nasution.
consumer prices, the Labor De- The pro-Sukarno students be-
partment announced yesterday, gan stoning the demonstrators,
but officials said it probably is who were quickly reinforced from
temporary. inside the university.
About 2,000 students in all were
involved in the fighting before
hot M. See, Jr., and Charles A. police, firing over the demonstra-
Basstt II epJr,ard cres A.r tors' heads, arrived and broke up
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remain in Moscow. were kied yesterday when their 1jNasution
Meanwhile in Accra, Ghana's wrIe ed eda wen tir Singapore sources expressed
new military leader warned all na- housing their space capsule.i doubt that Nasution had announc- I
tions "to keep out of our prob- ed his support for Sukarno, as
lems and leave us alone to do The backup crew for the flight Radio Jakarta claimed.
our best to solve them." scheduled this summer, Air Force Their own belief is that the man
* * Lt. Col. Thomas P. Stafford and howneliefCammn
SAIGON - U.S. Marines and Navy Lt. Cmdr. Eugene A. Cernan, whte the re of Co ts
South Vietnamese troops battled were named to replace them. is in hiding.
the Communists close to North *n*e*l
Viet Nam in separate operations MIAMI BEACH - AFL - CIO Indonesian armed forces loyal
yesterday against hard-core enemy President George Meany said yes-: to Nasution have not given in to
units. U.S. warplanes-B-52's and terday that withholding federal Sukarno, the Singapore sources
compact F-5 planes-hammered contracts because of high wages continued.
northern and southern ends of the would be punitive and that any "Sukarno has won some signifi-
Ho Chi Minh Trail. federal legislation to prevent; cant battles," said one source who
From Seoul, South Korea, came strikes by state or local public claims good connections in Ja-
word that the South Korean cab- workers would be unconstitution- karta, "but he has not yet won
inet had approved the dispatch al. the war."
of 20,000 more troops to South
Viet Nam. In Manila, students'
demonstrated in favor of sending:
Philippine combat troops into theStf1o
war against the Viet Cong.
* .* *
WASHINGTON - J a n u a r y
brought a halt to the climb of
. . i a r. aw w 9d t0 Al .