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February 25, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-02-25

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See Editorial Page


131w ujau


Chance of light snow
by late afternoon

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
Summer Term Course Demandin Dc
By MICHAEL HEFFER ed enrollment to predicted fig- the entire summer is apparently man of the philosophy department because of lack of communication said yesterday. uate
ures. shared by many professors. If a says he sees an active interest between students and departments. He says that last summer all mend
Student demand for courses re- This year the Office of Aca- professor teaches the entire sum- among professors to teach in the He says students are discouraged economics classes had from 20 to thes
mains the number one question demic Affairs expects about a 16 mer he must either teach one se- summer. Many professors feel eas- by course offerings and don't en- 30 students, which he called good stude
mark surrounding the future of per cent increase in enrollment. mester with half a work load dur- ier course loads in the summer roll and the departments are dis- sized classes. Some other depart- more
the University's-summer session. Most departments anticipate a ing the fall or summer term or gives them more time to write. couraged by the lack of demand ments in the University suffered rema
Departments of the various col- modest increase in students. For take a semester off. Yet student desires remain the and don't enlarge their programs. from just a few students in a few As
leges have arranged courses after example, the economics depart- Many professors prefer to take balancing factor. Brandt says he Palmer says his department has courses . the s
surveying faculty desires and es- ment, basing its actions on last their summers off when their is "in the dark" about what the made a successful effort to keep Palmer speculates that the pres- ed, n
timating, usually without any poll- summer's experience and not on children are free. students want, and how their de- top caliber professors during the sures from the selective service to a
ing, student desires, and are now any survey, has made a slight in- Thus most summer professors sires can be determined. summer. There are professors system may increase enrollment. dent
waiting to see how accurate they crease in its courses, which are teach only one half term. Yet One of the main problems with teaching every course, he notes. In contrast to Palmer's fore- a goo
are. mostly for upperclassmen. there are many other doors open the trimester Brandt sees is that He notes he has had no trouble casts, Prof. Leigh Andersdn, chair- sion
Last spring, a course catalog for Prof. William Palmer, associate to professors during the summer. many graduate students who need getting a staff for the summer. man of the chemistry department, regul
the summer was drawn up, on the chairman of the department, says Prof. Dick Leabo of the business teaching fellowship to stay on dur- His department sends a question- says he is not expecting an in- Wi
basis of a student survey. his department is not offering any administration school says. He ing the summer cannot get them naire to the faculty to find out crease in enrollment. However, he the 1
The delay of many students in courses lasting the entire four notes that there are many places because of the small number of how many were itnerested in stay- notes several more instructors are mer
making final summer plans until months because it feels year- a professor can work instead of recitation sections open to them ing for the summer. being added this summer. rapid
the last moment kept, enrollment round teaching and studying is not teaching at the University during as instructors. The response was good, and en- The chemistry department of- equal
down until late registration. At very desirable. the summer. Brandt feels there is a "vicious abled the department to decide fers basic and graduate level porti
that time a surge of students lift- This prejudice against teaching Prof. Richard Brandt, chair- cycle" inherent in the situation on which courses to offer, Palmer courses, Anderson notes. The grad- thro

students are asked to recom-
f any courses they want for
summer. Until the graduate
nts in his department request
, the number of courses will
in the same, Anderson says.
far as the future growth of
ummer semester is concern-
nost department heads seem
gree that it depends on stu-
demand. Some feel there is
d possibility the summer ses-
may one day be equal to a
ar semester.
illiam Hays, associate dean of
iterary college, feels the sum-
semester is moving fairly
[ly" towards becoming an
1 semester. He notes "the pro-
on of faculty" remaining
ugh the summer has gone up.

Flu May Hit
Ann Arbor
This Winter
Davenport Says No
Great Increase of
Sickness Yet Noted
Although there has been "no
marked upsurge" in the number of
flu cases at either Health Service
or University Hospital, it is "high-
ly probable" that a virus will hit
Ann Arbor before the winter is
over, Dr. Fred W. Davenport, pro-
fessor of epidemiology in the
School of Public Health, said yes-
"How much there will be can-
not really be predicted until after
it happens," he added.
His comments came in the face
of reports concerning outbreaks of
Asian flue in several parts of the
nation. Type A Asian virus has
already been responsible for ex-
tensive student and employe ab-
senteeism on the West Coast, par-
tieularly. in the northern Califor-'
nia counties and in Los Angeles:
while a type B influenza has af-
fected many areas on the East
Both Types Miserable
Which type might strike in Ann
Arbor is uncertain, but this is of
little consequence, since they are
equally miserable, remarks Chris-
topher Carey, public information
officer of the Medical School, said.
The flu does not sweep the
country in a national epidemic,
but attacks individual communities
and may move from one town
to another.
Should a virus reach Ann Ar-
bor, the flu shots administered
at Health Service should protect
against it, unless it is of a new,
unknown strain. The vaccine is
80 to 90 per cent effective against
both A and B types. It does not
offer 100 per cent protection since
it does not contain all the strains
of influenza viruses.
Favorable Odds
Using "the 80-90 per cent fig-
ure, some 5600 to 6300 people in
Ann Arbor are almost assured of
protection, with about 7000 flu
shots having been given at Health
Service so far. Thus, the shot
does not guarantee prevention of
illness, but the recipient has the
odds very much in his favor.
Flu shots are still available at
Health Services-$1 for students
and $1.50 for staff. "It would be
worth a buck *to me," said Dr.


Federal Car'

Aiziriu gain B Safety Unit
NEWS WIRE Compatible

Late World News
WASHINGTON ()-U.S. officials emphasized last night that
there is no plan at this time for calling Reserves to active duty.
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, in an annual mili-
tary posture report to Congress Wednesday referred to circum-
stances under which such a can-up might come.
Spokesman said those circumstances related to a general
widening of the war throughout Southeast Asia, initiated by
North Viet Nam or Communist China. Further acceleration of
the war within Viet Nam would not necessarily create conditions
requiring a Reserve callup, newsmen were told.
Kenneth E. Boulding, professor of economics and director
of The University of Michigan Center for Research on Conflict
Resolution,, has been elected vice president of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science.
One of 20 AAAS vice presidents, Boulding will head the
section on "social and economic sciences" for the 100,000 member
AAAS maintains a science library program in more than
9,000 elementary and high school libraries across the country,
supervises a current study in over 230 classrooms throughout
the U.S. for the improvement of the science curriculum, and
publishes a weekly science journal, Science magazine.
Long Distance
Seven sociologists at Brandeis University said yesterday they
might stop grading their students rather than cooperate with a
new Selective Service policy determining student deferments.
In a statement published in the Brandeis student newspaper,
the seven questioned whether professors will be "willing to enter
so intimately into a process whereby they in effect load the dice
for and against the survival of students.
"We might cease to grade at ail-except privately for the
information of each student-or we might grade every one equally
high," said the statement.
Dean of Students Kermit Morrissey described as "totally ab-
surd" the method of reclassifying students announced in January
by Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Selective Service director.
At Harvard, Dean John Monro said that in response to the
new policy the college would begin computing the class rankings
of the students. But the information would not be sent to a local
draft board unless the student authorized it, he asserted.
Hershey announced in January that students' deferments
would be re-examined to meet the manpower demands of the
Viet Nam conflict.
He said freshmen ranking in the lower half of their classes
and upper classmen in the lower third and quarter might lose
their sutdent deferments.-
The Brandeis sociologists said their views did not imply
support or condemnation of the draft or the war, but objected
to "an invasion or misuse of our role."

Officials Say Center
Compliments Planned
$10 Million Project
"The establishment of a national
traffic safety center under the
auspices of the government would
have a good effect on the Univer-
sity safety center," says Robert L.
Hess, director of the new project.
"Government laboratories are
essential, and they work in a
close degree of harmony with the
University," he noted.
President Johnson's proposed
center, Hess noted, would be in-
volved with standards and statis-
tics, while the University center is
more involved with theoretical as-
pects of the safety problem. The
government center would be bas-
ically a testing laboratory, he said.
$10 Million Grant
The University has received $10
million from the Automobile Man-
ufacturers Association to set up its
center, with the AMA guarantee-
ing funds to support it for the
first five years. Recently, John-
son had proposed a national cen-
ter for the study of automotive
safety ,and it appeared that some
duplication might occur.
But Hess said that due to the
great interplay between the gov-
ernment and school centers, com-
bined with the different natures
of their work, the two centers
would be mutually complimentat-
Present plans for the Universi-
ty's center call for the establish-
ment of a "rather extensive infor-
mation center."
Good Center
A University spokesman noted
that a good center always knows
what the other research centers in
its field are doing, but that the
establishment of a proposed in-,
formation terminal would greatly
aid the exchange of research find-
ings. However, it would not rule
out duplication as such.
He noted that one laboratory
may repeat something that anoth-I
eis doingtif the first disagrees
with the technique or the ap-
proach to the problem.
Hess noted that an established
center quite often has a certain
area of special competence, and
that you usually accept results in
such a case.

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
Prof. Thomas Garbaty of the English Department discusses the importance of an individual's
conscience in moral decision-making at the Last Chance Lecture Series yesterday.
DiScuss Role of Conscience
In Moral Decision Making

30-Hour Yearly Load
Deemed Necessary
To Retain 2-S Status
Although local draft boards are
still demanding that a student take
a minimum of 12 credit hours per
semester to maintain his 2-S de-
ferment, he is strongly advised to
complete 30 credit hours within
12 months. Credit loads per se-
mester may be less than 15 hours
if there is a justifiable reason for
the reduction.
Some boards are requesting that
a student take 30 hours to fulfill
his minimum requirement, com-
mented Thomas -Clark, selective
service counselor, last night. "The
board will cooperate if the stu-
dent takes 12 hours and then goes
to school during the summer tri-
mester period."
In general, a student should
be taking such a load that he
will be able to make satisfactory
progress towards his degree over
four years and complete the re-
quired 120 hours needed for grad-
uation, explained Clark. This is
to be a basic requirement to avoid
the draft.
James Shaw, administrative as-
sistant to the associate dean of
the literary college, said last night,
"If a student in a given semes-
ter elects fewer than 12 hours or
drops a course, thereby reducing
his load to fewer than 12 hours,
or withdraws from college entire-
ly, he will probably put his 2-S
deferment in jeopardy.
"If, however, he plans to take
30 hours during a calendar year,
through trimester or an exten-
sion, and if he works out a spe-
cific study plan and his counse-
lor endorses it, he can take that
plan to the selective service coun-
selor .who can then inform the
local board that the student is
making normal progress toward a
Shaw went on to explain that
the University expects the student
to normally elect 15 hours per se-
mester and not withdraw. Lighter
loads are discouraged by the aca-
demics office unless they are to
be taken for specific, necessary
reasons. On this subject Shaw
said, "The University requirements
for students are probably more
stringent than those of the draft
boards. But students may take
lighter loads if their reasons are
The academic counselor is im-

The heavy responsibility of the
individual to follow his conscience
in making moral decisions was
discussed yesterday by P r o f.
Thomas Garbaty of the English
department as part of the Last
Chance lecture series.
Speaking to a large gathering in
the multipurpose room of the Un-
dergraduate Library, Garbaty ob-
served that few men, when their
ideals are challenged, "aregiven
the honor of just one last chance
for there are usually others."
Nevertheless, there are oppor-
tunities which must not be missed
too often or they will affect an
individual's, f u t u r e ability to
choose correctly. We meet these
chances daily, Garbaty said, and

often we pass blindly over them.
'Long Chances'
Some are "long chances" to do
the right thing which Garbaty
said no not challenge us so strong-
ly. In personal relationships such
as those, among members of a
family, he said, the opportunity
may be missed today but made up,
In other instances, there are'
what Garbaty calls short intensive'
chances which cannot be made up.
As an example, he cited an Ameri-
can abroad who fails to defend his
country's ideals when they have
been misrepresented. More of
these short-term, intense chances
ought not to be missed, he said.
In order to rise to "great
chances," one must have an inde-

pendence of thought and willing-
ness to stahd alone. "Great
chances often involve risking posi-
tion, security, society, family, and
sometimes-but not always-one's
life. In Hitler's Germany these
chances occurred hourly and men
failed," he said.
Convictions Abandoned
People who abandon their con-
victions in time of great stress are
understandable, said Garbaty, but
those who miss this chance feel
somehow "lesser and different, be-
cause they- didn't come up to the
Garbaty observed that such
challenges were offered to mem-
bers of. the faculty at the Uni-
versity of Mississippi when a
Negro was enrolled there.
While there may be other op-
portunities, "to fail is to become
infected and to start the corrup-
tion of one's own personality. The
chance to defend one individual is
the chance to save yourself," he
"Most men are given the pri-
vilege of many chances to meet
challenges to their convictions. If
these chances mount up as fail-
ures, if the individual does not
meet the challenge of his ideals
no matter how weak they are,
then he is lost indeed," Garbaty

'Skit Night' To Highlight
Winter Weekend events

Group of California Farm Workers
Strikes for Better Working. Conditions


Winter Weekend hits the Uni-
versity campus this afternoon with
secret agents, detectives, cops and
"Operation M-trigue" is the
theme for this year's festivities,
with the weekend's entertainment
divided into four basic parts.
The weekend begins this after-
noon with a Treasure Hunt on the
Diag at 3 p.m. At the same time,
a two-hour all-campus dance be-
O'inth at the Union Ballroom.

over to the trimester system elim-
inated the traditional Spring
Weekend and Michigras.
The winner of the Batman con-
test was Jerry Miller, '66. He will
be playing the role during the
weekend's festivities.

Dean Condemns 'Star System'



One subject currently being
studied by VOICE political party
is a Californian grape-pickers'
One of the strikers and a film
on the background of the strike
will be featured in today's VOICE
meeting at 4 p.m. in the Vanden-
berg Room of the League.
VOICE supplied the following
account on the strike as 'back-
On Sunday, Sept. 26, 1965, farm
uYrn.rka. frn.m +A qA, _ n, iiil

It is being bitterly fought by
the producers-the biggest are
Schenley Liquors and Delano
Grapes-who generally have the
local police on their side. Their
methods, far removed from the
bloody tactics ofthe thirties, range
from irritating pickets by stirring
up nearby dust cover to beatings
administered under the eyes of
area police.
Stronger Movement
The movement is getting strong-
er by the day and is getting in-
creasing support from various Cal-
ifornia groups; sympathy boy-

taining injunctions against shout-
The FWA, led by Mexican-
American Cesar Chavez, heads
the strike, but it w.orks closely
with the Agricultural Workers"Or-
ganizing Committee of the AFL-
CIO; it is also allied with other
labor unions and church, civil
rights, civic, and student groups

ranches covers 168,500 acres
(about 260 square miles). The
Kern County Land Co. holds 348,-
000 acres in California and owns
a total of 7.7 million acres; in
addition, it leases 600,000 acres.
Directors of these companies often
sit on the boards of large na-
tional corporations, providing
them with tremendous resources.
I .Strike's Effects

glls & lCV1V Aal ll.
Franklin L. Ford, dean of the
Skit Night . arts and science faculty, Harvard
Tonight, Skit Night will be held University, ironically condemned
at Hill Auditorium at 8 p.m. The in his recent annual report what
code name is "To Stage a Plot" he termed the "star system" used
and the program is composed of by more and more universities.
five skits prepared by various The star system is the way
campus housing units. A d a folk group will many institutions "pick up" re-
entetaind b n te kigts.p willnowned professors, Ford's, report
rsaid. University faculties use the
The "U-Too Affair" on Saturday star system to acquire a few pro-
afternoon will begin with games at fessors whom they have chosen to
Wines Field from 1:30 to 3 p.m receive salaries "far above the gen-
The games include an animal eral levels."
race, an ice carving contest and Ford's annual report also noted
an egg-tossing competition. From that universities which use the
3 until 6 p.m., dancing with music star system are breaking down the
by rock and roll singer Johnny morale of the rest of the faculty.

use of the star system. Harvard
has gained at least one full pro-
fessor from the University in the
past three years, the Times article
Other full professors who joined
Harvard's f a c u 1 t y were, from
Princeton, Massachusetts Institute
of Technology, the University of
Chicago, the University of Cali-
fornia, and other institutions.
Star System
Harvard may itselfbe hurt in
the near future by the star sys-
tem, since Pulitzer Prize-winning
Harvard Prof. Arthur M. Schles-
inger Jr. is being considered for a
professorship at the City Univer-
sity of New York.
The present ceiling for senior,
mrnfp 4nr - atHa vard is $25',000.

should be noted that Harvard
heads the list of highest general
faculty salaries, the recent Times
article reported.
In order to keep up with the
competition from other institu-
tions without "joining the game,"
Ford called for a reconsideration
of Harvard's current wage ceiling
of $25,000 for senior professors.
"Our ability to get a high pro-
portion of the senior faculty clos-
er and closer to that ceiling has
resultedbin thebirony of our no
longer being able to show our
greatest elder colleagues how
much we respect and value them,"
Ford said.
Raise in Ceiling
Ford's recommendation was for

as wellsj. sa-
Closed Shop Though an accurate account of
It hopes to win a closed' shop the strike's effects is hard to make,
from the area's employers, but it is probable that the strike has;
wants to be a "cross between a hit the grape producers hard; one
movement and a union," in Chav- of the corporations has lost $80,-

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