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February 13, 1966 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-02-13

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Seventy-Sixtba Year
EDtTED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD TN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Letters: City Can't Babysit for Students

Where Opinions Are Pree. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, Mic.
Truth Will Prevail

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
'SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1966 NIGHT EDITOR: CLARENCE FANTO
Finding A Method
Vi DiVine Anarehy
THE OUTGOING girl seniors cried enough to offer not only in-depth cov-
and the outgoing boys kept a stiff erage on breaking issues, but also space
upper lip, and the 76th editorial and for a wide variety of topics to be cov-
sports staffs of The Michigan Daily ered in a wide variety of ways, by a
took their positions today, bright-eyed wide variety of people. Syndicated car-
and ready to spend the most beautiful toons and columnists offer comment
day of the year inside the Daily build- on the general state of the world. Sen-
ing. or editors offer their pieces of bril-
Why? One new senior has a hangover liance in regular columns on anything
aiid couldn't tell you for sure. The oth- they feel justified in writing about, and
ers are sober but probably couldn't village humorists do their best to be
do much better. But I am here to at- funny.
tempt to explain the editorial page, its This year we hope to expand inter-
purpose, its hopes, its policies. est in the page by re-introducing a
The purpose of. the editorial page is series of articles written 'by faculty
first to provide individual views on the members who have struck the fancy of
complex issues which face us both our staffers. We also hope, going on the
within the University and on the world theory that a picture is worth a thou-
scene. The Daily is unequalled for sand words and that people would
depth and breadth of coverage on cam- rather look at pictures than read, to
pus issues, and It is the purpose of the use a few editorial cartoons dealing
editorial page to provide explanation with campus issues and personalities.
and opinion by Daily staffers on those
issues. PART OF THE PAGE will be devoted
The left-side of the page is generally increasingly to a more microcosmic
devoted to comment on breaking news, view of the various little bits and pieces
usually written by staffers who are that combine to form the big world we
covering the respective topics as re- all hear about so often.
porters,:
An editorial page must be interesting
HE EDITORIALS are signed by theand varied. If you don't want to readi it
THEESbecause it's dull, then we have failed.
Individual writers. There is no edi- If you don't want to read it because
torial "policy" as such, except anarchy you disagree with it, then you have
-anybody can say what he wants. failed, miserably. If you don't like what
Opinions expressed are those of the in- ourwriters have to say, then write a
dividual writers, not The Daily. letter. Or better still, come join the
The right-side of the page also is staff. The free market of ideological
devoted to "breaking ,news" coverage, exchange is always looking for new
but is orientated to a longer, featurish competitors.
type coverage, which allows for more
background and a long-range view. --HARVEY WASSERMAN
The right-side of the page is large Acting Editorial Director

To the Editor:
IT IS FIRST appropriate to com-
pliment the Michigan Daily on
an adequate and proper portrayal
of my political philosophy and
summation of the issues in the
City Council election race. Except
for the first couple of paragraphs,
which were garbled in the Feb-
ruary 4th Daily issue, the lead
article was quite accurate. Gen-
erally speaking, the job of re-
porting in this instance was ac-
ceptable.
With regard to your editorial
on the following day, however, it
would be impossible to make the
same statement. As a minimal ef-
fort toward proper representation,
it seems necessary at this time to
make some additional comments
on what was otherwise a rather
extreme bit of editorialization. It
is incorrect to say that the proper
role for City Council is a total
neglect or rejection of all elements
of student life. Just as it is im-
proper to treat the student body
group in some less than equal
fashion, it would also be improper
to place them on some type of
special pedestal as far as their
relationship to Ann Arbor city
government.
The deduction that there is to
be "legislation safeguarding build-
ing quality" is, of course, erron-
eous, but the building code that is
applied to other buildings in Ann
Arbor should equally apply to
buildings which are partially rent-
ed to student groups. The students
should gain no special place as
far as distinctive safeguards in
this area. I do not believe that it
is the job of City Council to ac-
tively handle grievances against
landlords or merchants. Mer-
chants who abuse their relation-
ship with students will obviously
lose the patronage that they so
actively seek. Landlords have spe-
cial agreements with the Univer-
sity which do not cross through
City Council manipulations.
That I would "place total re-
sponsibility for safeguarding stu-
dent interest in the hands of the
University" is a rather notable
over simplification. Such services

as the Fire Department and Police
Department are financially made
available as the result of a mutual
City-University support.
ANY HOUSING that is sub-
standard in Ann Arbor should be
penalized by whatever proper
means are available whenever it
falls below the basic housing code
for that type of structure. I don't
think we need new legislation in
this area; we simply need to en-
force the regulations already in
effect. The fact that a given house
is occupied by a student should
place it on no special list any
more than it should be occupied
by a secretary, resident physician,
or school teacher. Students simply
should not enjoy any special
privileges in this area either.
The picture of building develop-
ers gluing "together 30 stories of
shabby housing" is once again a
rather grotesque display of flight
from facts. I am personally un-
aware of any 30 stories of housing
being glued together in this area.
The suggestion that students are
thus being forced to live in new
slums of 30 stories of glue is quite
apart from the local scene. I have
been far more impressed with the
buildings oftarchitects and de-
velopers in this area than I have
with certain of the community
activities of many student groups
that have made themselves quite
vocal over recent years.
With regard to student traffic
congestion, the University and City
have worked in the past and I am
sure will work in the future
through the Police Department
to insure an orderly traffic system.
This is as it should be. With re-
gard to driving permits and auto-
mobile permits, this is up to the
University and I think they should
exercise this particular area with
some degree of discretion.
Regardless of how bitter a pill
it may be for the exuberant ideal-
ist to swallow, I think it should
be a rather obvious fact that these
aspects of Ann Arbor city plan-
ning and development should pri-
marily be left in the hands of
more or less permanent residents
who not only must ultimately foot

the bill for such projected think-
ing, but also live with the con-
sequences. The belief that a size-
ably primarily transient group
should preoccupy itself with a
major portion of this burden is
unrealistic when we finally reach
the area of responsibility for such
action.
LASTLY, and perhaps most im-
portant, in my interview with the
Daily I tried to repeatedly em-
phasize that the primary agent
or the responsibility of student
welfare and housing is the Univer-
sity and this is not the primary
area of responsibility for City
Council. The residents of Ann
Arbor are not responsible to pro-
vide bed and board for those
persons who choose the University
of Michigan for their higher areas
of education. The City of Ann
Arbor does not preoccupy itself
with providing my bed and board.
Now if the students wish the
City Council to be preoccupied in
this area, and perhaps give special
privileges to the student body
which are not enjoyed by the
other segments of the city popu-
lation, then it should be only
proper that those who burden the
financialcost of such an operation
should also have the opportunity
of controlling what is done with
such facilities.
Now, if there are students that
demand that the City Council
providethem withr aplace to eat
and sleep and preoccupy itself
with this area of endeavor as a
primary duty, then it is only right
that the City Council should also
tell students when they should be
in off the streets and possibly, if
necessary, tuck them in at night
and read them a bedtime story.
I just simply cannot believe that
this is the wish of any sizeable
segment of a student body popu-
lation.
On the positive side, if the pres-
ent City Council would spend less
time in legislating into the per-
sonal affairs of its citizens and
spend more time looking' after the
business affairs of the city, then,
just possibly, a rational and pro-
ductive zoning law could be given

to the City of Ann Arbor. This
zoning law would promote high
rise apartments in the inner city
area and these, of course, could
be available to the student body
group which desired such dwel-
lings. Liberal Council members at
present, however, are pushing for
a zoning law that would have
exactly the opposite result and
would tend to promote marginal,
substandard and ultimately slum
dwellings in the inner city area.
With a little less Utopian type
planning and a little bit more free
enterprise in this area, I think
both the community and students
would benefit.
THE MICHIGAN DAILY has
long been noted as an active organ
for the projection of left-wing
philosophy. It is impossible for me
to remember a single conservative
editorial viewpoint but, then again,
I haven't read them all and it is
possible that over the past two or
three decades, one may have been
written. It is 'very tragic that
placing the editorial policy of the
Michigan Daily alongside the edi-
torial policy of the Worker, one
would be hard pressed to tell a
significant and consistent dif-
ference. I therefore consider it
one of the crowning achievements
of my campaign to have gained
the negative endorsement of the
Michigan Daily.
The day I receive a positive en-
dorsement,- will bej a day marked
by a rapid re-examination of al
stated principles to find out where
I must have gone off the track. It
seems that the editorial policy of
the Michigan Daily is a joke, and
every joke seems to become the
editorial policy. Most fortunately,
however, I do not believe the
Michigan Daily represents the in-
ner conviction of the vast major-
ity of students here at the Univer-
sity of Michigan. This is a tribute
to the students of the University'
of Michigan but I nevertheless,
think it is of a marginal disgrace
that a student newspaper does not
more closely reflect the main'-
stream of thought.
Any newspaper that would carry
the full page statement urging the

girl students to withhold their
knowledge on exam situations in
an effort to protect those asexual.
hypo-virile creatures in our midst
-any newspaper that would take
this stand is obviously in a dif-
ferent camp from my candidacy.
-Lawrence P. MacDonald. M.D.

*

'Free Press'

To the Editor:
IN HIS LETTER of Feb. 12, 1966,
Mr. Steven Schwartz, GROUP
member of Student Government
Council, showed a shocking con-
tempt for freedom of the press.
OFFSET should not be censured
by SGC or denied the privileges
that other student organizations
obtain from SGC simply because
it utilized its editorial right of en-
dorsing a candidate for SGC that
Mr. Schwartz did not happen to
agree with.
It is common knowledge on
Council that because of his ex-
perience. enthusiasm, maturity
and prudence, Bob Bodkin is the
most qualified potential candidate
for SGC president in this winter
term's election Mr. Schwartz's
comments notwithstanding, Bob is
held in the highest esteem by all
members of SGC.
Hopefully, theother GROUP
members will not reach the same
depths that Mr. Schwartz has
done in order to pick up a few
more measely votes.
-Lee Hornberger, '66
President,
Inter-Quadrangle Council
Ban Senators?
To the Editor:
WE HEARD today that the State
Senate has just asked the
presidents of the universities of
Michigan to ban communist
speakers on their campuses.
Wepraise this idea and suggest
further that state senators be
banned as well.
-James A. Martin, Grad
-Charles A. Adainek, '66

N

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Honolulu- Looking for

Total War

Friday's

Regents Meeting:

Making Progress

By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE DECLARATION from Hon-
olulu consists of a web of
ringing generalities about the
hopes, the good intentions, the
high-minded purposes of the
Johnson administration and the
Ky government.
What it all means concretely
and in practice has to be inferred.
If the inferences that are drawn
are wrong, as I devoutly hope they
are, the fault lies with the calcu-
lated opaqueness of the document.
I read it as a refusal by the
President to put limits on our
war aims and on our military

commitments in Viet Nam. The
declaration is tantamount to the
rejection of a negotiated peace be-
tween Gen. Nguyen Cao Ky and
his adversaries in the Viet Cong
and in North Viet Nam.
We are committed to win the
war and to defeat and liquidate
the enemy forces and then to re-
construct the country as it is re-
gained for the Saigon government.
THE INDISPENSABLE condi-
tion of a negotiated peace-that
there be negotiation with the
enemy in the field-was loudly re-
jected in a press conference at
Honolulu by Gen. Ky without any

noticeable reservations by the
President.
The big objective which the
words of the document declare is
a total victory for Gen. Ky. To
accomplish this enormous objec-
tive, very large forces will be
needed. The declaration must,
therefore, be read as a commit-
ment of American forces limited
not by considerations of policy,
but only by our ability to break
the logistical bottlenecks which
hold down the number of troops
we can land and support.
If these are not the political and
military decisions on which the
Honolulu conference agreed, no

IF THE REGENTS are really concerned
about the welfare of this University,
their best decision would be to continue
functioning as they did at their meet-
ing Friday.
In a surprising reversal of form the
Regents gave two substantive indications
that they are responsive to student de-
mands and willing to dig in and publicly
debate key University issues.
The big surprise was the Regents' de-
cision to establish a student committee
of 10 members to "suggest future Univer-
sity needs and names of candidates," for
the presidency.
Equally encouraging was a verbal battle
between Vice-President for Business and
Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont and Regent
Carl Brablec over the issue of recogniz-
ing university employes' unions.
THE DECISION on student participation
is significant in two ways. According
to Logan Wilson, president of the Ameri-
can Council on Education, no major u'ni-
versity has ever allowed its student body
a significant role in the selection of a
president.
Hence Friday's decision clearly estab.
lishes that the University can be respon-
sive to student opinion.
In addition, when one recalls that a
mere three weeks ago the Regents grace-
lessly ignored the desires of 13,000 stu-
dents on the bookstore issue, the decision
is especially encouraging.
It would, of course, be unwise to be
overly optimistic about the impact the
student committee will have since the
presidential decision is made by the Re-
gents. But if Graduate Student Council
and Student Government Council select
competent people, who in turn make wise
use of their position, the student voice
will be difficult to ignore.
A1- 3till*Butt
Acting Editorial Staff
MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH, Editor
BRUCE WASSERSTEIN, Executive Editor
I.' ,.A '*'Tt'1P iA '.VP ,. A IA ".Ff AN

THE OTHER SURPRISE at the meeting
was Regent Brablec's support for the
recognition of labor unions as official bar-
gaining units for university employes.
The interchange between Brablec and
Vice-President Pierpont on this issue was
a sharp contrast to the sickeningly polite
atmosphere that normally pervades pub-
lic Regents' meetings.
The University is currently contesting
State Public Act 379, which would force
recognition of unions as bargaining
agents, claiming that it would infringe
upon University autonomy.
Vice-President Pierpont cited payroll
checkoff of union dues and union repre-
sentatives given the right to help em-
ployes with complaints on working con-
ditions as examples of the University's
positive policy toward unions.
"Yes," replied Brablec, "but what we do
not have is the democratic principle of
collective bargaining .. .the law (Act 379)
is no more of a threat to University au-
tonomy than the Social Security Act or
universal military service act."
AS FOR THE SUBSTANTIVE issues in-
volved here, reason would seem to be
on the side of Regent Brablec and Regent
Irene Murphy who shares his views.
Regardless of who is right the conflict
between Vice-President Pierpont and Re-
gent Brablec illustrated that frank and
open debate of crucial university issues
is possible and advantageous.
Hopefully other members of the Board
of Regents will follow suit and begin to
raise questions on the multitude of mat-
ters that have gone unexamined far too
long.

U.S., USSR Draw Closer

By SUSAN SCHNEPP
AMERICAN democracy and Rus-
sian Communism are general-
ly thought, at least in the Unit-
ed States, to stand at the oppo-
site ends of the world's socio-poli-
tical spectrum ,and to embody
what is unequivocably "good" and
unequivocably "bad" in the world.
But recent events in both coun-
tries suggest that one should
stand back and re-examine these
"truths" which have been taken
for granted for so long.
A few days ago two Soviet.
writers were brought before the
Supreme Court of the Russian Re-
public on criminal charges of slan-
dering Soviet Communism in lit-
erary manuscripts smuggled to the
West for publication. According
to the government newspaper, Iz-
vestia, Yuli Daniel and Andrei
Sinyavsky published, under pseu-
donyms, cynical portraits of hu-
man deprivation under the ban-
ner of Communist society.
They are now being tried for
violating Article 70 of the Rus-

sian Republic's Criminal Code
which provides for a prison sen-
tence for "agitation or propagan-
da conducted for the purpose of
undermining and weakening So-
viet power . . . the dissemination
with the sane intent of slander-
ous material besmirching the So-
viet state and social system."
This type of literary trial is
without precedent in recent Rus-
sian history, where the issue is
the specific political effect of what
a man has written.
Soviet youth have not remained
silent on the trial. It was report-
ed that about 30 young people,
many of them students of Mr.,
Sinyavsky while ,he taught at the
Institute of World Literature, pac-
ed the sidewalk outside the court-
house and openly expressed their
sympathies for the professor.
Nor is this the first time that
Soviet youths have made them-
selves heard concerning current
events and life in the Soviet Un-
ion. An organization of young in-
tellectuals called SMOG (the ini-
tials stand for the Russian words

for "audacity, thought, image and
intensity") is' reported to have
staged demonstrations in Moscow
calling for freedom of speech, as
in April 1965, where the demon-
strators were arrested, but later
released. They also demonstrated
last December for an open trial
for Daniel and Sinyavsky.
Turning to the U.S., we find
that three men who recently re-
turned from a private trip to Viet
Nam have been widely criticized by
government officials and private
groups for their trip and subse-
quent reports on it. Staughton
Lynd, a Yale history professor
and .one of three who made the
trip, has just had his passport re-
voked. Herbert Aptheker, another
of the three, in just the past few
days met with violent opposition
from private organizations and
even the state Legislature for his
appearance at Wayne State Uni-
versity. Here again the issue is the
political effect of what a man has
said or done.
It is not necessary to detail
here the activities of student
groups who are concerned about
the political and social life in
America and have done more than
sit idly by and watch. In the U.S.,
too, demonstrators are arrested,
and, as in the recent draft board
case, now face military service
without a jury decision or legal
counsel.
It seems that a pattern is be-
ginning to emerge. Whether it is
the Russian Supreme Court or the
Michigan Legislature matters lit-
tle because their objectives are
the same-to censor individuals
who criticize their government's
policy and activities. Freedom of
speech is another issue, and in
both countries the law appears to
react to demonstrations in much
the same way.
After the World Wars and dur-
ing the McCarthy era of the 1950's
many Americans were publically

time should be lost in making
clear to our people what, in fact,
the commitments are.
As it happened, on the day the
Honolulu declaration was issued,
Gen. James Gavin was testifying
before the Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations. As a result of
his testimony, the central issue
in the whole great controversy
can now be seen. It is whether we
are fighting a limited or an un-
limited war in Viet Nam.
THE GAVIN POSITION, as it
emerged from the questioning by
the senators, is that our strategic
planning and our diplomatic ob-
jectives should be tailored to the
fact that we cannot-because of
our other responsibilities around
the world-commit an unlimited
force to. the war in South Viet
Nam.
Gen. Gavin made it clear enough
that we cannot withdraw until
after there is a political settle-
ment and that we should not es-
calate much beyond the force al-
ready committed.
If this is the limitation on the
kind of war we can fight, it
follows that our strategic purpose
will to be to hold fast in the
areas we already occupy and which
are within reach of our sea power.
THIS IS NOT a strategical plan
for winning the war. It is a stra-
tegical plan for not losing the
war dishonorably and unnecessar-
ily.
Those of us who support this
strategical principle are convinced
that a war on the Asian mainland
cannot be won by a white Western
power. For 20 years this belief has
been tested on the battlefields of
Indochina, and there is no reason
to think that we are in sight of
the objectives once again reiterat-

ed in the Honolulu declaration.
The most serious criticism that
has been made of the proposed
holding strategy is that the Amer-
ican forces are not able to hold
and make secure enclaves in South
Viet Nam. No doubt it would be
difficult to do so.
But to admit that the military
forces of the United States are not
powerful enough to do this is a
radical and spectacular admission
that American military power is
very feeble indeed on the Asian
mainland.
IF WHAT we decided to hold
were an island, it could be pro-
tected as effectively as Formosa
or even the islands of Quemoy and
Matsu. If our Gibraltar were on
a peninsula like Korea, or on an
isthmus like the Kra, the strong-
hold could be made secure.
The serious defect of the en-
clave strategy is that it attempts
to hold territory which is not an
island, a peninsula or an isthmus,
but is rather on the continent of
Asia.
It would, therefore, be subject
to inftiltration and to siege. But
the total opponents of the holding
strategy are left with the alterna-
tive of fighting an unlimited land
war on the continent.
These are difficult matters, and
nobody involved in the argument
has any claim to infallibility. For
myself, I agree with Gen. Gavin
that we should adopt the strategy
of a strictly limited war. '
WHILE IT IS TRUE, as the
Washington Post said on Wednes-
day, "that there is no easy, pain-
less, costless alternative" to our
present course in Southeast Asia,
there may be, and it is our duty
to search for, a wiser one.
(c), 1966, The washington Post Co.

4

4

*

Schutze:NewSchool

Aptheker Why Bother?

IT IS NO SECRET that Friday's clash
was viewed with embarrassment by an
administration that prefers to leave its
dirty linen unwashed. The administra-
tion apparently believes that conflict at
a public Regents' meeting is injurious to
the University's image.
It is difficult to understand how the
reigning powers of this university can ac-
tually worry about bad publicity over a
public debate, when the very matter being
debated has successfully alienated the or-
, ni sai n n _mn +ra ao lrr in"fn

By DAN SPITZER
PRIOR TO LISTENING to Her-
bert Aptheker speak, I believed
that what I was probably about to
hear would probably coincide with
my opinion on the Viet Nam con-
flict. What I heard instead were
a conglomeration of perversions,
"rationalizations," and circum-
ventions.

a sham? I believe that our press
is biased and deceitful, but never
to that unrealistic extreme.
When asked a question concern-
ing free speech in the Soviet Un-
ion, Aptheker circumvented the
question and used his considerable.
powers of rationalization in point-
ing out instead, U.S. weaknesses.
He sounded much like Governor
Wallace "rationalizing" and jus-
tifying segregation by drawing at-
tention to comparatively trivial
incidents in the North.
North Carolina was absurd to
refuse to let Aptheker speak. Any-
one with some minute degree of

A CALIFORNIA GROUP which
calls itself United Divorce Re-
form, Inc., is currently carrying'
on a nationwide campaign urging
the establishment of a Depart-
ment of Family Relations under
each state government. Part of
their proposal calls for prerequi-
site courses in Pre-Marital Train-
ing to be taken by all public high
school juniors. Imagine, if you
can, a typical class session.
"Today," Pre-Marital Training
Coach Phyllis A. Nullement be-
gins, "we will take up the gen-,
eral principles of Bathroom Shar-
ing and their relation to Break-
fast Table Conviviality. How many
of us know the first principle of
Bathroom Sharing? Yes, Freddy?"
"Never discuss politics while

your mommy won't be getting any.
Class, what can Freddy's mommy
do now that her husband doesn't
have a head anymore? Yes, Wen-
dy?"
"She can come to the high
school and take a course in post-
marital training, Miss Nullement."
"Yes she can, Wendy. And isn't
it marvelous, students, that so
many of our little personal diffi-
culties can be cleared up with the
proper public instruction?
"To return to our own prob-
lems, however, we are fast ap-
proaching the final examination
and a few of you have neglected
to get married yet. I must re-
mind you that you will not be pro-
moted to the Senior class until
this has been taken care of. Any

One might say, what did you
expect from a Communist? I had
previously thought of Aptheker
as a Marxist and I do draw a
great distinction between Marxists
and "Mao-Stalin perversionists."

I

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