FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JANUARY 7,1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
"Hints Show Impact of Peace Drive
By The Associated Press
There has been just the merest
whisper of a hint that President
Johnson's diplomatic peace offen-
sive has had some impact in North
This does not necessarily mean
that peace is about to break out.
Indeed, things might get a good
deal rougher in Indochina be-
fore long. But in the long run,
the peace drive may prove to have
had a salutar'y effect.
Hanoi propaganda has furious-
ly denounced the U.S. moves as a[
hoax to permit Americans to ne-
gotiate from strength.
Yet the propaganda now sug-
gests a distinction, however slight,
between North Vietnamese de-
mands and those of the Viet
Cong's political organization, the
National Liberation Front.
There is no indication yet that
this distinction is sharp enough
to permit agreement on negotia-
tions. But with renewed Soviet
interest in taking a hand in the
situation, it represents something
which might eventually be devel-
On Dec. 29, when Ho Chi Minh
responded to the appeal of Pope
Paul VI for peace efforts, he re-
peated the four-point demands of
North Viet Nam's government. But
he left out one phrase which al-
ways had been attached before.
He said the Americans must
"let the Vietnamese people settle
their internal affairs themselves,"
but failed to add the customary
line: "In accordance with the pro-
gram of the National Front for
Liberation of South Viet Nam."
By itself, this might have meant
little. But with the U.S. diplo-
matic drive in full swing, the
Hanoi paper Nhan Dan a few days
ago said that if there were to be That would mean recognizing
a political solution, the United Viet Cong jurisdiction over a big
States must acknowledge Hanoi's portion of South Viet Nam which
four points and "stop indefinitely the Communists now hold.
and unconditionally all acts of What might develop if the latest
war against North Viet Nam." peace effort fails may worry not
The sentence ended there. It only Hanoi but the Russians as
did not add, as it customarily did well. The Hanoi paper professed to
in other statements, a demand for see in the U.S. drive a sort of
an end to "aggression in South ultimatum to North Viet Nam to
Viet Nam." agree to unconditional negotia-
Ordinarily this might not mean tions or face expansion of the war.
much. But the Hanoi article was T
signed "Observer," a tag used for This seems to worry the Rus-
official party statements. It could sians. The leaders are committed
represent just the slightest back- to an iternal economic develop-
r nn ment program.
uown from ne ail-or-nounng ae-
mands of the past.
The United States would not
object to having the Viet Cong at
talks as observers, or even with-
in a North Vietnamese delegation,
but will not' recognize the Viet
Cong or its front as a political
entity or negotiator.
But there seems to be among
some top Soviet elements a feel-
ing that the U.S.S.R. could be-
come embroiled in conflict grow-
ing out of Asian events, and that
thus Moscow should concentrate
efforts and wealth on fullest prep-
aration for any eventuality.
Tr ies To
TASHKENT, U.S.S.R. ( P)-So-
viet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin
was the sole communications link
yesterday between the leaders of
India and Pakistan on the third
day of their deadlocked summit
Prime Minister Lal Bahadur
Shastri of India and President
Ayub Khan of Pakistan stayed in
their separate country villas out-
side Tashkent and their large del-
egations of ministers also stayed
Kosygin obviously was having
difficulty with the explosive In-
dian-Pakistan quarrel that has
befuddled Washington for years.
The Soviet leaders spent hours
in secret talks with Shastri and
Ayub but as the day ended about
the only thing certain was that
the three mei would attend the,
theatre together tonight.
It was not even certain when
Shastri and Ayub would resume
their private sessions together -
their first since India and Paki-
stan went to war in September.
The stumbling block was the In-
dian-Pakistani quarrel over Kash-
mir, the issue that for 18 years
defeated the many and expensive
efforts of the United States made
By The Associated Press
President Johnson, acting with-
in minutes of a personal request
from Mayor John V. Lindsay, dis-
patched Secretary of Labor W.
Willard Wirtz to New York yes-
terday to lend a hand in trying
to settle the costly transit strike.
White House press secretary Bill
D. Moyers told newsmen:
"The simple purpose is to ex-
plore the transit situation with the
But Wirtz also will consult with
a three-man mediation team that
is meeting with the New York
Transit Authority and the Transit
The White House had let it be
known that Johnson would take
some sort of action any time New
York official requested his help
in trying to end the dispute. Then
at about 6:15 p.m., Moyer said,
Lindsay called Johnson and the
two had their first personal talk
about the strike.
Previously Wirtz had been han-
dling all conversations on behalf
of the federal government.
The strike yesterday forced the
New York Stock Exchange to its
first early closing since the assas-
sination of President John F. Ken-
Republican Mayor John V. Lind-
say reported from City Hall had
exhorted New Yorkers, weary of
an all-out subway and bus strike:
"We must sweat it out. I ask
you that you keep calm, keep your
Peace talks between the striking
AFL-CIO Transport Workers Un-
ion and the Transit Authority
moved almost as sluggishly as
traffic in the streets during the
worst days of monumental tieup.
Motorists in vast numbers took
to the highways as early as 5'
a.m. in a vain effort to beat a
traffic crush that continued until
noon-only to resume again in the
opposite direction later in the aft-
The rain stalled many cars,
and vehicles backed up for miles
at Manhattan's bridges and tun-
Traffic Commissioner Henry A.
Barnes blamed the combination of
the city's weather and its transit
strike for "the longest rush hour
it ever had."
Commuter rail traffic was some-
what smoother but very heavy, as
ACTS ON LINDSAY'S REQUEST:
Johnson Sends Wirtz To Help-
Settle NYC' Transit Strihe
Kill One, Injure
SAIGON ()-Viet Cong terror-
ists jolted Saigon last night with
two bombings, the heaviest since
they ripped the U.S. enlisted men's
Metropole Hotel billet Dec. 4. A
Vietnamese was killed and seven
persons, including four Americans,
Blasts an hour apart at the
gate of the Tan Son Nhut mll-
tary airport and at a police sub-
station across town broke a lull
in the terrorism roughly compar-
able to American suspension of the
bombing of Communist North Viet
Nam, which rounds out two weeks
Afield, explosions of another
sort wiped out the guerrilla-dom-
inated village of Vinh Boch, 18
miles southeast of Da Nang. A
grenade tossed by a U.S. Marine
to destroy a two-ton stock of rice
set off ammunition secreted be-
low the rice and a chain reaction
of blasts and fire that demolished
eight or 19 huts.
Troops and Planes
Troops and planes were cutting
into Viet Cong resources else-
where. A U.S. spokesman said
they have destroyed underground
installations of theuenemy in
three widely separated areas of
i South Viet Nam since Tuesday
From Bangkok came a Colum-
bia Broadcasting System report
that the United States is main-
taining air operations against
North Vietnamese supply routes
through Communist-held eastern
Laos and is considering deploy-
ment of more than 40,000 Ameri-
can soldiers across Laotian trails.
U.S. pilots based in Thailand
"have been flying 250 sorties a
day against the Ho Chi Minh
trail in Laos since being waved off
targets in North Viet Nam Christ-
mas Eve," said CBS correspondent
Murray Fromson. A sortie is a
combat flight of one plane.
Terrorist weapons in the new
Saigon outbreak were a Claymore
mine, an armed device that fires
hundreds of steel pellets, and a
4 plastic charge estimated to have
weighed 60 pounds.
Concealed under the seat of a
motorized passenger cycle parked
near the wire-guarded airport
gate, the mine cut loose at 6:18
a.m. as U.S. servicemen were
The aiming was poor, however,
and most of the lethal bullets bur-
ied themselves in a huge tree
A Vietnamese passer-by was kill-
ed. Two U.S. Air Force men, a
soldier and a sailor were injured
Their wounds were described as
"This was a target of opportuni-
ty for the Viet Cong," a U.S. se-
curity spokesman said, "but it was
done by a kid who was obviously
not a Professional."I
A bicyclist flung the plastic
charge into the street by the po-
lice substation in eastern Saigon
an hour later. The explosion blew
in a wall and collapsed the main
building. Several small Chinese
shops nearby were demolished.
One policeman, a woman and a
child were injured.
In Russian Group
MOSCO W()-A Soviet delega-
tion is en route to Hanoi on a
mission that could affect the Viet
The delegation is led by Alex-
ander N. Shelepin, a top Kremlin
leader and trouble shooter. It in-
cludes an expert on military pro-
duction and a rocket forces gen-
The rocket expert, Col. Gen.
Vladimir F. Tolubko, went after
Chinese charges that the Soviet
Union has sent obsolete and inef-
fective anti-aircraft rockets to the
defense of North Viet Nam. The
rockets have shot down 10 U.S.
planes out of 160 missiles fired,
accor'ding to American figures.
Part of the Shelepin mission
purpose seemed obvious to most
rs of non-Communist observers here: to
rport. make a strong bid for North Viet-
namese support. in the bitter dis-
pute between Moscow and and Pe-
The big question, however, was
G whether Shelepin would counsel
Hanoi to try to bring a negotiat-
ed peace in Viet Nam or whether
he would report back to Moscow
ould go that more weapons should be sent
ug ath- in hopes of a Communist military
eg, al- victory. The composition of the
for lib- delegation suggested more weap-
to mean ons.
th. In view of savage Chinese accu-
Co+nrr hn +n R iiain hnv
REFUSE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS:
Klansmen Cited in
to bring peace to South Asia.
Kosygin, making his first per-
parently felt compelled to find a By The Associated PressC
way for some agreement to come
- 1_ ---- __ 1 __ - fW A q-HIGTON_ C rn.tt of
James R. Jones, grand dragon
of North Carolina.
hundreds of thousands waited in
the rain to board crowded trains.
A spokesman for the Long Is-
land Railroad said:
"We're moving a lot more peo-
ple today than Wednesday or even
Tuesday. It looks like World War
II when gasoline rationing forced
people to use the railroads."
The strike of 34,400 employes of
city-owned bus and subway lines
began at 5 a.m. New Year's Day,
cutting off transit facilities nor-
mally used by five million passen-
gers a day.
The first citywide transit tieup
ever to hit New York. was estimat-
ed by business sources to be caus-
ing an economic loss of $100 mil-
lion per day,
Lindsay spent more than 17
hours Wednesday with his three-
man mediation panel trying to
work out a strike settlement.
Afterward he reported: "There
has been some movement, never-
theless the gap remains wide be-
tween them. New offers have been
Lindsay finally broke away from
the bargaining table, got three
hours sleep and showed up at City
Hall in the morning to dispose of
piled up municipal problems. He
Skept in touch by phone with the
During the bargaining session,
the Transit Authority laid on the
table a new money offer-but its
size was not disclosed.
There had been an $187-milion
gap between the union demand
and Transit Authority offer for a
Union attorney Ascher Schwartz
sounded what might be construed
as a note of mild optimism, de-
claring: "The discussions are pro-
ceeding constructively and quite
His remark was made before
State Supreme Court Justice Ab-
raham N. Geller, who acceded to
Schwartz's request and for the
second day in a row postponed for
24 hours further action against
Geller is empowered to assess
fines against the union equal to
the losses the strike has caused
the Transit Authority.
The hearing was to have ex-
plored these losses, with Geller.
then deciding whether to impose
damages on the union.
Geller is the judge who on
Tuesday sent the union president
Michael J. Quill, and eight other
union leaders to.civil jail for con-
tempt, after they refused to call
off the strike. The contempt ac-
tion was based on the union's
defiance of a no-strike injunction
at the beginning of the walkout.
Shortly after he entered jail,
Quill, 60, suffered a seizure. Be-
cause he had a history of heart
trouble, he was rushed td' Bel-
levue Hospital where he was being
treated for a possible heart at-
Dr. Alonzo Yerby, city hospitals
commissioner, said there was no
change yesterday in Quill's con-
out of this summit, the first on nRobert E. Scoggin, grand drag-
Soviet soil involving India and Congress action was started yes- on of South Carolina.
Pakistan. ;terday against Imperial WizardCon vioF.SothCaoiggna.rao
Both India and Pakistan were Robert M. Shelton and six other alin F. Craig, grand dragon
sticking to opposite stands on Ku Klux Klan leaders who refus- of Georgia.
Kashmir-and were taking pains ed to supply records to the House Marshall R. Krnegay, grand
Commtte n U-AmeicanAc-dragon of Virginia.
of their own to make it publicly Committee on Un-American Ac- George F. Dorsett, imperial
obvious. tivities. kludd or chaplain of the Klan
The Pakistani spokesman, In- A subcommittee voted to cite the Real of North Carolina.
formation Minister Altaf Gauhar. seven, who have appeared in its Robert Hudgins, imperial kludd
told newsmen Pakistan maintains hearings into Klan activities. All of North Carolina.
that to achieve peace this confer- declined to produce records for Aides indicated the subcommit-
ence "should discuss in depth the which subpoenas had been issued. tee action was based on failure
problems of Kashmir, which is the They also refused to answer vir- to produce records and not upon
cause of trouble between the two tually all questions, citing amend- the witnesses' refusal to answer
countries." ments to the Constitution. q u e s t i o n s on constitutional
Traditional View Distributing Rifles grounds.
India's foreign secretary, C. S. The subcommittee action was W
Jha, told newsmen a few minutes announced by Chairman Edwin E. Wills announced that the group
later this is "the traditional view Willis (D-La) at the end of a was canceling outstanding sub-
of Pakistan which we do not luncheon recess which followed poenas for two of the men for
whom citations were recommend-
India and Pakistan fought over vestigator that Klansmen were re- ed intrying to otain mointer-
Kashmir in 1948, shortly after ceiving and distributing rifles in timony from them. The two are
gaining independence from Brit- case lots in Louisiana during re- Shelton and Craig.
ain. Thy divided it, with India cent years.
getting the better share, and have Willis also heads the full com- Wall of Silence
been quarreling ever since. mittee, which must pass on the At yesterday's hearing, the com-
Shastri and Ayub have not even subcommittee contempt action. mittee ran into a wall of silence,
been able to agree on an agenda Then approval by the House itself buttressed with Fifth Amendment
for their talks because they dif- is required to refer the citations pleas, when it questioned men
fer on whether to discuss Kash- to the Justice Department for pos- from the area of Bogalusa, La.,
mir. sible prosecution. about reported movement of rifles
The Indians, who say Kashmir 1 Contempt of Congress is pun- and other weapons.
rightfully belongs to them and is ishable by a maximum of a year But Donald T. Appell, chief in-
not negotiable, insist on talking in jail and a $1000 fine. vestigator for the committee, told
in general terms about relations Shelton, imperial wizard of the of finding records of extensive
with Pakistan. Ayub wants to talk United Klans of America, has purchases from Howard M. Lee,
about Kashmir. iheadquarters at Tuscaloosa, Ala. whom he described as a holder
Kosygin's efforts seemed aimed Hold in Contempt of a firearms dealer's license who
at finding some language that! Others against whom contempt went to jail for violating the fed-
would permit a face-saving way citations were voted by the sub- eral firearms control law requir-
out for everybody. i committee: ing keeping of accurate records.
ALEXANDER SHELEPIN (RIGHT) and Charge D'Affai
North Viet Nam Le Chang shake hands at the Moscow ai
World News Roundu
By The Associated Press cifically that this aid wt
SANTO DOMINGO - President to the Communist Viet Corn
Hector Garcia-Godoy yesterday er than North Viet Nam it
ordered the top military leaders though the term "fighters
of the rival factions in last April's erty" might be interpreted1
of he iva fatins n lst pri'sthe Communists in the Sou
revolution out of the country. The UiS.S.R. has been
Among them was Commodore Tep.nS.Rhsetn
Francisco J. Rivera Caminero, weapons to North Viet rN
armed forces minister, who was defense against U.S. air ra
shorn of that title and posted to aircraft and missiles n
Washington as naval attache. mentioned might be in the
The president acted to end the gory. But the North Vie
at home would not have
gravest crisis threatening his pro- need for conventionala
visional government. Before issu- Rashidov said "artillery"
ing the transfer orders Garcia-Go- than anti-aircraft guns.
dio rnfri d ifth fhA nlitiri thnat-irrf us
uy cunmerrea w inTe poilcai
committee of the Organization of
Top rebel leaders ordered abroad
were Col. Francisco Caamano De-
no, as military attache to Lon-
don and Col. Manuel Ramon
Montes Arache to Ottawa as the
The president named navy Capt.
Emilio Jimineztorbe the new
armed forces minister.
HAVANA-A Soviet representa-
tive told the tricontinental confer-
ence of revolutionaries yesterday
the U.S.S.R. is "doing everything
possible so that Soviet technical
equipment-planes, missiles, artil-
lery, ammunition and other aid-
reach the hands of the Vietna-
mese fighters for liberty as rap-
idly as possible."
Sharaf R. Rasidov, heading the
Soviet delegation, did not say spe-
ATLANTA, Ga.-The chairman
of the Student Nonviolent Coordi-
nating Committee urged Saturday
that persons in the civil rights
movement avoid the draft in or-
der to continue their work to as-
sure the rights of Negroes.
"It's in the national interest be-
cause we are strengthening dem-
ocratic processes," said John Lew-
"Violence is obsolete as a means
to settle conflicts between peo-
ples and nations."
However, Lewis said that the de-
cision on whether to avoid the
draft would be left to the individ-
ual because "we cannot decide for
Lewis told a news conference
that the U.S government has been
deceptive in its claims of concern
for the freedom of the Vietnamese
sations that the ussiansn ave
failed to provide much military
equipment support for Hanoi, the
delegation might have been made
up this way to avoid Chinese
charges, some quarters suggested.
The basic Soviet position is be-
lieved to favor peace in Viet Nam
in order to allow the Soviet Union
to concentrate on domestic eco-
nomic development without a dan-
ger of expanding war.
The last top-level Soviet group
to visit Hanoi, led last Februarw by
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin, stop.
ped in Peking to talk with Mao
The Chinese charged Nov. 11
that Kosygin had in February
"stressed the need to help the
United States 'find a way out of
Viet Nam.' This was firmly rebut-
ted by the Chinese leaders."
The Kremlin has publicly voic-
ed strong support for Hanoi and
severely assailed U.S. policy in Viet
Nam. It has been sending anti-
aircraft weapons and other defen-
sive arms since early last year.
Two weeks ago, a new agree-
ment was reached here for So-
viet aid to Hanoi on credit. Five
Soviet ships now are en route to
North Viet Nam, Moscow radio
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