FRIDAY, AUGUST 27, 1965
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRThAY, AUGUST 27, 196~ THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGP~ flN~
. ,.. " ,.
By JOAN MEREDITH
The Council of State College
Presidents is proceeding with work
on a 1966-67 unified budget re-
quest-an attempt to jointly deter-
mine the budgets of Michigan's
state supported schools and pre-
sent them to .the governor and the
Legislature ii one package backed
by all ten institutions.
But while all ten schools have
given the council data on antici-
pated financial needs, a number
of perplexing 'problems and pro-
cedural details have not yet been
In fact, it is not even certain
that a 1966-67 unified request will
be submitted. According to Ira
Polley, a representative of the
council, the technique for sub-
mitting a proposal, if and when it
is developed, has not yet been
Up to this point, the council has
accumulated statistics from the
various schools and is in the
process of making calculations
which will lead to a recommended
budget figure for each school.
"The figures will be tentative
for each school to consider," Pol-
ley explained, adding that pro-
cedures for determining these fig-
ures have already been developed.
He said that each school has
submitted estimates for the
amount of additional funds needed
to pay for larger enrollment, in-
evitable pay raises, and infla-
tionary increases in operating
Officials of each school have
been' meeting for three months
to evaluate and discuss these ap-
praisals, and, hopefully, they will
reach some conclusions from
which an over-all budget figure
can be developed.
At the moment, University ad-
ministrators say, the unified bud-
get is in the experimental stage.
But while still harboring some
reservations about details and
procedures involved, they consider
the present effort is a promising
step even if, in the end, it does not
produce a workable coordinated
budget proposal for 1966-67.
Michigan educators have been
toying with the idea of a unified
budget request for some time. It
was approved in principle by the
college presidents a year ago and,,
while subject to some controversy,
has generally gained increasing
support since then.
Underlying the proposal is a
general dissatisfaction with the
haggling and confusion that often
surround the schools' appropria-
tions requests to the Legislature.
Proponents of the plan believe
that officials of the ten schools
can get together each year and
work out a mutually acceptable
budget figure for each institution.
A total figure for a higher edu-
cation budgetwould then be sub-
mitted to the appropriate state
organs-probably the governor,
the Legislature, and the new State
Board of Education.
The schools hopefully would
then combine forces to fight for
their proposal, eliminating the
inter-institutional bickering that
has often handicapped the state
colleges and universities in getting
desired appropriations from the
However, some educators, in-
cluding a number of University
officials, have foreseen problems
that cloud this ideal vision.
For one, they point out the
striking differences in the Michi-
gan's ten state schools: 'side by
side with the three giant univer-
sities are several former teachers'
colleges still in the process of
adjusting to their new status as
universities, as well as smaller
schools such as Grand Valley State
College. Some educators fear that
planning a coordinated budget
request for such a varied group
would be a very complex task.
Moreover, there is some ques-
tion as to the role that should be
played by the state board. While
almost all agree that the board,
as the constitutionally designated
advisory and coordinating body for
Michigan higher education, should
rightfully scrutinize a unified
higher education budget, some
educators, including Regent Wil-
liam Cudlip, have expressed con-
cern over the degree to which the
board may wish to participate in
Indeed, both Cudlip and Presi-
dent Harlan Hatcher expressed
"fundamental reservations" on
this matter last April.
Nevertheless, University officials
are cooperating with the presi-
dents' council in its work on the
1966-67 proposal, and generally
express cautious optimism about
prospects for the future.
199I x 3.5
1929 f \ 40.3%
Dissent Must Have Logic: Humphrey
1964 17.2% 4 .. .. .
~ North Central
. . . . . ........
. . . . . . . ....:r..,.
MADISON, Wis. (RP)-Vice-Pres-
ident Hubert H. Humphrey told a
meeting of college students re-
cently that "the right to be heard
does not include the right to be
taken seriously. The latter de-
pends entirely upon what is be-
Taking note of recent student
protest demonstrations, Humphrey
said in a prepared speech for the
annual convention of the National
Student Association at the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin:
"I've heard critics say that dis-
sent in America had been silenced,
when, in fact, it is simply that
little attention is being paid to
the critics' views."
The vice-president s a lu t e d'
"those students who not only dis-
sent, but who by the logic and
substance, of their argument have
compelled .the citizens of America
to pay attention to their views-
to take them seriously."
He added: "I am also here to
say frankly and critically that the
behavior of some young Ameri-
cans in recent months is not de-
serving of such attention."
Humphrey said student protests
against racial discrimination have
"indeed been worth taking ser-
"The tactics of freedom rides,
sit-ins and picket lines have been
crucial factors in tearing down the
barriers of legalized discrimina-
tion in America," he said.
Criticizing the Los Angeles riots
as "brutal, uncontrolled, destruc-
tive hoodlumism and rioting"
which "no public official can con-
done," Humphrey warned that
"we must also be able to differ-
entiate between constructive and
destructive p r o t e s t in other
He referred to a demonstration
in Washington eariler this month
by the "assembly of the unrepre-
sented." Some 290 of the more
than 500 demonstrators protesting
U.S. involvement in the Viet Nam
war were arrested for refusing to
clear a sidewalk near the Capitol.
"We have," the vice-president
said, "for example been informed
by other people that they are
'unrepresented.' And we have been
told that therefore, they acquire
the warrant to violate necessary
laws relating to public and assem-
bly and safety.
"But let me put the question
directly: who is unrepresented?
"I have heard some of the most
influential members of the Senate
raise honest questions about cer-
tain aspects of our Viet Nam
policy. And I have heard these
same questions debated, consider-
ed and analyzed in the highest
councils of our nation."
The Gold Goes West (and South)
How regional shares of total personal income have shifted I since 1929 _ ,
Western U.S. Gains People,
Fraction of National Income
By RICHARD Fr NEWCOMB
Associated Press :'ewsfeatures Writer
The young man has gone West
--and ,South too. And taken his
money with him, .and multiplied
In 1929, the Northeastern states
held 40.3 per cent of the total
United States personal income.
Thirty-five years later the north-
east's share is down to 31 per
cent. In the same period, the
Western states were increasing
their shareof the national income
from 10.5 per cent to 17.2 per cent.
The North Central states have
also been losing in per cent of
total income, from 32.5 per cent
to 28.7, while the Southern states
increased their portion from 16.7
This trend, underway since the
'20's, represents a.:shift of more
than $20 billion, /and much of
this went to traditionally low in-
come areas of the South. Overall,
it means that the nation's prosper-
ity is' more broadly based than
While population and industry
have gained mobility in recent dec-
ades, so has capital. It now flows
freely across the nation, without
regard to distance or region.
California has been a dominant,
influence in the West, as has
Florida in the South. California
has passed New York as the na-
tion's most populous state, and
it. has also drawn almost even in
personal income. In 1964 the
state's personal income was $55.9
billion, compared to New York's
Not Only Gainer
But California was not the only
gainer in the West, nor' was Flori-
da in the South. The seven states
of. the Far West, including Alaska
and Hawaii, now claim 15 per cent
of all U.S. personal income, com-
pared to less than 9 per cent in
At the same time, the 12 states
of the Southeast, stretching from
Virginia to Arkansas, increased
their cut of the national incomge
pie from less than 12 per cent to
over 16 per cent. Greatest indi-
vidual gainers in this area, be-
sides Florida, were Virginia, North
Carolina and Georgia.
No area has lost in actual in-
come, of course-all have gained
tremendously. Total income-mass
purchasing power-has increased
steadily, and at a record rate, for
the past four years.
Last year, according to U.S. De-
partment of Commerce figures, the
nation's personal income before
taxes reached an all-time high of
$488 billion, a rise of 22 per cent
since 1960. Allowing for the growth
in population, per capita personal
income in the four-year period
rose 15 per cent, and last year
passed the $2500 annual level. The
rise continues; this year total per-
sonal income will exceed $500 bil-
The steady march of income
has been accompanied by several
other developments. Since 1960,
the cast of living, as measured by
the U.S. Department of Labor,
has risen a little more than 1 per
cent a year.
For the present, at least, the
Great Society is on the high road.
Eastland Charges Communist
Action on College Campuses
By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
Special To The Daily'
WASHINGTON - Sen. James
Eastland (D-Miss), chairman of
the Senate Internal Security sub-
committee, released testimony be-,
fore his, group on "communism,
agitation and propaganda" against
this country" which, in the words
of one witness, "is nowhere more
apparent than on all too many
college and university campuses"
of this land.:
The witness,. Bob Siegrist, a
radio 'commentator and editor of
a rightwng newsletter, was prais-
ed by James Sourwine, the sub-
committee's chief council, for ex-
posing "communist influences on
the camPus newspaper" in the
course of his "interest in this
progressive acceleration of dis-
order and communist influence on
the campus" at the University of
Prof. Stephen Possony, head of
Stanford University's Internation-
al Political Studies Program, de-
clared that "the radicalization of
American youth today has gone
beyond toe wildest expectation of
the communists." Later -in his
"~ testimony, .however, Possony in-
dicated concern that "intelligence
sources in Hanoi and Peiping will
overestimate the significence of
these demonstrations and teach-
ins and other types of unrest."
The student ''radicalization," he
said, was roughly comparable to
s ..«....wlt -- ae ,t nd1i A
puses such as Berkeley. "The com-
munist tyrants smile broadly,"
Siegrist said. "Their objectives
have been magnificently accomp-
lished-by American college and
university students and teachers,
as America and freedom in general
Manipulated by 4.5 Per Cent
Charles E. Moore later charged
that the student demonstrations
at Berkeley were !'manipulated by
the 4.5 per cent of the demon-
strators who were communist and
Marxists and Mao Tse-tungists
and Castro sympathizers."
Moore was for ten years a
special agent for the Federal-
Bureau of. Investigation before he
became public relations director
for the International Association
of Police in 1961.
He told. the subcommittee he
had spent a week in Berkeley
gathering material for his study.
He said that Mario Savio, whom
he termed "spokesman" for the
Berkeley Free Speech Movement,
"had no communist affiliation or
background," but added that "it
was very clear that he was manip-
ulated by the hierarchy of the
W.E.B. Dubois Club from the San
Francisco Bay area."
Moore said that Bettina Apthe-
ker, another FSM leader, and a
Dubois club member, "got up and
started expounding on the com-
munist line" after Savio "had
w4whinnpd+the trivp intn4.fr~ 'ni7iv'
Moore said that the subsequent
"Filthy Speech Movement" at
Berkeley was evidence that "the
communists will always find a
cause and will manufacture even
a ridiculous approach to continue
their agitation," although he said,
"I think they probably lost a few
adherents when they resorted to
a ludicrous approach to things."
He added that the pattern of
demonstrations on a number of
campuses was "take some obvious
cause celebre and turn it into a
demonstration which' far out-'
stripped the reason or the purpose
of the dissatisfaction on the cam-
He said that the University of
California's administration had,
"by. vacillating, got itself into
deeper trouble. It should have
drawn a line and made that the
end of the affair right there."
Passony added that "a consid-
erable percentage" of the FSM
hardcore leaders" whom he put at
200 to 300 persons, were "second-
generation communists or, as they
are also called, red diaper babies."
He indicated this must be "pur-
turbing to those who believe in
the self-explanatory nature of our
Passony urged greater study of
the "effectiveness of our police
system," increased and exvanded
How do they know, the, news of the day?
How do they know the exact time and place
of the spontaneous demonstrations?
How do they know why they are
In fact, how do they know that they are
demonstrating at all as opposed to
boycotting, or protesting, or rioting?
)W? They read
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