WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1965
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDESDY, ECEBE 1,965THEMICIGN IAIL PAE TRE
Freed GI's Describe
Kind Treatment by
Viet Cong Forces
PHNOM PRNH, Cambodia (M)-
Two U.S. soldiers newly freed by
the Viet Cong praised their cap-
tors and criticized the allied war
effort yesterday. Both told news-
men they expect harassment when
they get home.
The soldiers are Sgt. George
E. Smith, 27, of Chester, W. Va.,
and Spec. 5 Claude E. 'McClure,
25, of Chattanooga, Tenn., who
were captured with two other
Americans in a guerrilla attack
on a special forces camp outside
Saigon Nov,. 24, 1963.
McClure said the Viet Cong car-
ed for his wounds, shared their
food with him, required him to do
little work and allowed him Red
Cross packages and mail from his
McClure declared that, if he
had been a prisoner of the Saigon
government, "I would have been
,I have known both sides and'
the war in Viet Nam is of no in-
terest to the United States," Smith
said. He reported he is returning
home "so Americans can see the
light about the war in Viet Nam."
Both said they were treated
well during their two years of
captivity. Smith said he believed
their liberation was "the direct
result of protests in America
against U.S. involvement in the
Viet Nam war."
McClure and Smith were cap-
tured with two other Americans in
a Viet Cong attack on. a special
forces camp outside of Saigon on
Nov. 24, 1963.
,the Viet Cong announced the
release of McClure and Smith Sat-
urday, the day of a "march for
peace" in Washington. The guer--
rillas said the two were being freed
to show good will towards Ameri-
cans opposing the war.
Smith and McClure said they
chose to be repatriated through
Cambodia rather than South Viet
Nam because "Cambodia is at
They crossed the frontier Sun-
day and were brought to Phnom
VATICAN CITY ( P)-A Vatic
Ecumenical Council source sE
sC atryesterday that the assembly's bi
control document has been revis
to provide a basis for possi
change in Church teaching again
f bi/ contraception, while upholdi
B oth Sides current restrictions.
Such a change, if it com
might not be limited to the co
traceptive pills that have b
ID eal Bloxvs Iat the center of much of the bi
control discussion in the Churc
s,. ~ 6 P i An expert serving on birth co
In' Conflict trol commission set up by?(
Paul VI said the council do
ment had been revised to ma
' Follows Brief Lull clear the entire contraception is
31iCwas theoretically open to exa
DuringMost Recent ination.
McNamara Tour Clear Statements
In restating the ban on c
SAIGON (A)-Vietnamese troops traception, the text met c
and their American advisers servative prelates' request for
v fought off an attack yesterday by clear statement. But the word
about 200 guerrillas on a special also pleased progressive- prelat
forces camp and militia post 90 A council source said the do
miles southwest of Saigon. ment more than left the quest
But a Viet Cong battalion ap- open-that it presented Chu:
parently overwhelmed about 200 birth control teaching as an evo
government militiamen in the cen- ing process, with gradual sh
tra highlands 15 miles east of not necessarily meaning reject
An Khe, headquarters of the U.S. of past instruction.
1st Cavalry, Airmobile, Division. The text on birth control, p
Ground Fighting of the council's schema on mod
Ground fighting picked up after world problems, makes clear tl
a brief lull during the latest in- current Roman Catholic teach
spection trip by Defense Secretary against contraceptive devices
Robert S McNamara, which still valid and being upheld.
l Announces Revision
viewed as possibly meaning an
indefinite postponement of a finall
papal decision on the question of
the future as valid even if the
Church were eventually to say
that its theology has evolved to a
point where it no longer opposes
Final Vote contraception in certain forms and
The birth control report came under certain conditions.
as the council returned to work The revision has caused delight
after a 10-day recess and came to among council progressives who
a final vote on its missionary want the path kept open as broad-
schema. ly as possible for further studies
Sources said the aim was a. text into sexuality and the morality of
that could still be regarded in contraception.
Rio Conference Adopts
Broad Changes in OAS
RIO DE JANEIRO () - The
conference of 19 American repub-
lics ended yesterday after laying
the groundwork for a sweeping
overhaul of the inter-American
system, including revision of the
Organization of American States
tical recommendations approved
For the first time the more de..
veloped nations of the hemisphere
will have a binding obligation to
aid their less advanced neighbors.
Both recommendations will be
submitted to another conference
TWO AMERICAN SOLDIERS, Sgt. George E. Smith of Chester, W. Va., left, and Spec. 5 Claude E.
McClure of Chattanooga, Tenn., were freed by the Viet Cong recently after two yeeaers of im-
prisonment. The Vieet Cong announced that the two were freed as a gesture of good will toward the
"peace-loving American people." .
U.S., South Vietnamese
seemed to be a prelude to another
major buildup of U.S. and South
Vietnamese armed forces.t
B-52 jet bombers from Guamo
smashed at three suspected Viet
Cong camps in Binh Duong Prov-d
ince northwest of Saigon, hopings
to blast elements of a guerrilla b
task force that virtually destroyed1
the Vietnamese army's 7th Infan-c
try Regiment on the Michelin rub-
ber plantation Saturday. Resultsr
were not announced.
In the air-sea campaign, the nu-f
clear-powered carrier Enterprise
and guided missile frigate Bain-
bridge sailed from the Philippines t.
to join a flotilla of the U.S. 7tht
Fleet on combat duty off Vietc
Nam. They are the first vesselsf
The commission in charge of
the schema complied, in its job
of revising the text for final
council voting next Saturday, with
directives from Pope Paul to add
specific mention of statements on
birth control by Popes Pius XI in
1930 and Pius XII in 1951. Both
condemned birth control but Pius
XII said Catholics could use the
Sources said the commission, in
"eeting the Pope's desire, went
further and phrased the refer-
ences to past teachings in such
a way as to indicate that a con-
inuous evolving of Church doc-
trine on birth control was going
Pope Paul's interest in speci-
fically mentioning the writings of
Pius XI and Pius XII has been
Chief U.S. delegate W. Averell in Buenos Aires next July for in-
Harriman said the meeting was corporation into the OAS charter.
"of historical significance. He said The act states that "it is es-
its most significant action was a sential to incorporate into the
proposal to incorporate into the economic and social field of the
charter of the OAS the social and inter-American system, as Juridic-
economic principles of the Alliance ally binding, principles of mutual
for Progress. security, solidarity, cooperation
The conference early yesterday The act provides a blueprint for
approved by acclamation an "Eco- a great society for Latin America.
nomic and Social Act of Rio de It calls for more equitable dis-
Janeiro" containing a series of tribution and better use of land,
proposed amendments to the OAS better cities, stable prices and an
charter. It is a companion to poli- I end to inflation.
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By The Associated Press
IA -DRANG VALLEY, South
Viet Nam - A month of bitter
fighting in Viet Nam's central
highlands has ended.
American and South Vietnamese
troops who mauled four Com-
munist North Vietnamese regi-
ments have left the, bloody Ia
Drang Valley and have gone to
seek their enemy elsewhere.
Before they left, they reported
2 344 North Vietnamese dead.
More are believed to have died in
which mark Viet Nam's frontier
with Cambodia, 200 miles north
For days men of the U.S. 1st
Cavalry, Airmobile, Division and
a brigade of South Vietnamese
paratroopers have been searching
the region, trying to provoke a
fight. Prisoners say that what is
left of more than one division of
North Vietnamese has slipped
Senior American and South
Vietnamese officers are convinced
they have handed the Communists
During the campaign American
"Flying Horsemen" had to beat
back humanrswave asaults which
left North Vietnamese dead heap-
ed before their positions. Snipers
in trees or .lurking in the under,
growth Weria constant menace.
In some actions, U.S. casualties
The campaign was triggered'
Oct. 19 when South Vietnamese'
irregular troops brushed against'
forward elements of North Viet
Nam's 325th Division concealed
outside the barbed wire- entapgle-
ments of the small jurgle fortress
of Plei Me.
driven by- nuclear engines to be
used in war. The Enterprise, an1
85,000-ton craft with a flight deck
of 42 acres, is the biggest air-
craft carrier in the world,
McNamara said on his returnato
Washington the Communists are'
increasing their infiltration from
North Viet Nam. He said the rate
was 1500 a month during the re-
cently ended rainy season and now
is expected to go to 4500 a month
in the dry season.
Intelligence sources previously
had reported seven North Viet-
namese regular regiments were
in South Viet Nam and McNamara
said he now believes there are
nine. A North Vietnamese regi-
ment is rated at about 2000 men.
Asked about speculation U.S.
military presonnel in Viet Nam
may be increased to about 300,000
from the present level of more
than 165,000, McNamara said he
didn't want to forecast, but "it
will be a long road ahead."
McNamara later had a tele-
phone talk with President John-
son in Johnson City, Tex., to fill
him in on the tour.
battles beneath the towering hills a serious setback.
South Vietnamese troops, stif-
A lift from Cuba Begims T da ; fened by American advisers, fought
desperately around the camp.
Vietnamese tanks and U.S. ar-
Expect Thousands To Fly H ere tillery and warplanes smashed the
Communist onslaught on Plei Me
and the North Vietnamese with-
MIAMI (WP)-A new chapter in of thousands expected in the new
the long, often dangerous and al- wave of migration.
ways dramatic exodus of Cubans Nine Flights
from their Communist homeland The airlift will consist of about
opened this morning with the start nine flights each week for as long
of a refugee airlift. . as it takes to fly out of Cuba all
The first plane, a Pan Ameri- those who take up Prime Minis-
can World Airways DC-7C, was ter Fidel Castro on his offer to
scheduled to leave Miami's Inter- let them go.
national Airport at 7 a.m., carry-
ing only its crew and two officials Estimates range up to 100,000
of the U.S. Public Health Depart- refugees.
ment and Immigration Service. The airlift, set up under a
It was to return three hours and U.S.-Cuban agreement, supplants'
by three ships chartered by the drew.
U.S. government. -I
The sealift ended last night with
the arrival of about 75 refugees
aboard the excursion vessel Skip-
per K, which normally ferries
tourists from Key West to Ft. Jef-
ferson in the Dry Tortugas.
Castro announced his opd-
ndoor policy Sept. 28 and more
than 2600 Cubans crossed the
choppy, 90-mile stretch of ocean
behtween Cuba nnd the Florida !
CHARTERED JET FLIGHTS
Prices before rebate After
FLIGHT 2-May 13-Aug. 13-N.Y.-London ..........$272 $252
Paris-N.Y.-T.W.A. B 707 Jet
FLIGHT 2-Today, Wednesday, December 1
lithographs, woodcuts; etchings, and seriagrahs
named European artists
often at no more cost than reproductions
is bringing hundreds of pieces of original graphic art to Ann Arbor
Bell Tower Motel
Friday, December 3 300 S. Thayer
10 A.M.-9 P.M. Across from Hill Auditorium
E- CENTICORE RETURNS
35 minutes later from Varadero,
Cuba, with 90 refugees, the first
By The Associated Press
PARIS-With a sideswipe at "a
stupid war" in Asia, Charles de
Gaulle asked Frenchmen yester-
day to give him a vote of con-
fidence in Sunday's election. .
He said France shuns subordi-
nation to any of its allies-an
apparent reference to the United
a sealift from the Cuban port !u"eu " uuuluLae 'vu
of Camarioca to Key West, Fla., Keys in small boats before the sea-I
lift began last month.
The sealift brought in nearly
Like those arriving in the sea-
lift, the first refugees to be flown
to this country will be Cubans
viet Union explained to each other with relatives already in the Unit-
yesterday their positions on nu- ed States.
clear weapons control without any The refugees will be processed
sign of change by either side. on the planes and questioned fur-
A basic disagreement on pros- ther at special immigration offices
pects for an international treaty at suburban Opa Locka, a World
to prevent dissemination of nu- War II Marine base.
clear weapons remained after the The government says most of
first round of talks by the British them will be resettled almost im-
Foreign Secretary Michael Stew- mediately in other parts of the
art, British sources said. United States.
1229 South University
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__, _ T _. _ _ - _,_,__._..
Department of Speech
...... ....................*.---..- . . .
UNITED NATIONS-With only
'half of the key issues on its agen-
da disposed of, the UN General
Assembly cast about yesterday for
some way of winding up business
by its Dec. 21 target for adjourn-
Assembly President Amintore
Fanfani of Italy was reported con-
sulting with advisers on the pros-
pect of transferring items from
the lagging main political commit-
tee to other committees.
MOSCOW-Britain and the So-
_ __ _ _
The University of Michigan
Gilbert and Sullivan Society
.. AA R 7 A
OF THE COMPLETE TRILOGY
the appointment of
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
HENRY VL Parts 1,