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November 23, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-11-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED EY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

t Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN APBOR, MICH.
Prevail

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printedin The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1965 NIGHT EDITOR: MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH

A Pitfall for Liberals:
The 'Double Standard'

Is the
MANY STUDENTS tell me they
are in school this year, or in
school altogether, to avoid going
to the rice paddies. They say it
angrily, not slyly. Their moral
problem is an unusual one.
It is not that they are shirking
the army for their personal com-
fort or their careers-a dodge
that occurs at all times and in all
countries; rather, they feel they
ought to be resisting the present
war more honestly, burning draft
cards, going to jail, etc.
According to the opinion polls,
the President has a solid popular
majority for his policy, but I
doubt that he has anything like a
majority in the colleges, especially
among the younger instructors
and the students. Thus, I expect
the teach ins and antiwar demon-
strations to be stronger and to
involve civil disobedience, if only
because of these students' self
disgust for their privileged exempt
status.
On the other hand, for the stu-
dents who are not protestors, the
draft policy does not have much
patriotic significance. I doubt that
there are many students who feel
enthusiastic that their college
training is an indispensible func-
tion of the Great Society and its .
war effort, so that their student
deferment is valued as a positive
good, rather than a lucky break.
EVEN MORE SERIOUS, how-

War Polarizing U. .

IT IS ALWAYS STRANGE how parties
in the political fray tend to use the
same tactics which they often officially,
deplore.
"Are you now, or have 'you ever been
a member of an organization which advo-
cates the unlawful overthrow of the Unit-.
ed States government? Have you or do
you now advocate the unlawful overthrow,
of the United States government? Affirm
by oath your loyalty to the United States."
Such questions and affirmation are an-
athema to those of liberal persuasion.
They dutifully claim that such are
violative of the guarantees of the Fifth
Amendment, and loyalty oaths are fas-
cist withdrawals from the principle of
innocence until the proof of guilt. They
suggest that no citizen should have to
plead or affirm his loyalty, that such is
to -be presumed in the absence of proof
to the contrary.
Following this quite valid logic, they
have continuously pressed to have such
questions {and loyalty oaths withdrawn as
prerequisites to office in the federal gov-
ernment, or the receipt of National De-
fense Loans or federal subsidies.
HOWEVER, when it comes to the ques-
tion of discrimination, especially
among Greek organizations at universi-
ties, this logic seems to escape many lib-
erals. For it is these same parties who
wish to' compel all Greek organizations
to answer "discriminations" affidavits
and loyalty oaths.
"Have you ever or do you now discrim-
inate in membership on the basis of color,
creed, national origin, religion or sex?"
arises as the new interrogatory, and "We
pledge that we do not now, nor will we
in the future discriminate on the basis of
color, creed, national origin, religion or
sex" becomes the new loyalty oath to in-
tegration.

THIS WRITER would like to make it
plain, at this point, that he, too, de-
plores discrimination based on the enum-
erated premises. But what continues to
irk this writer is the double standards
that seem to exist. It just does not seem
consistent, regardless of the worth of
one's intentions, to vociferously argue
and campaign against affidavits and loy-
alty oaths when inconsistent with one's
interests, and then ;turn around and im-
pose one's objectives when it is advan-
tageous.
I certainly think it is repugnant to re-
quire a citizen to plead his innocence of
disloyalty. I think it is equally repugnant
to require please of innocence regarding
discrimination, or for that matter a plea
of innocence on any subject.
But- fairness and logic are not the char-
acteristics of the extremes of either the
left or the right. That is why one would
witness the mob of left-wing protestors
around hearings of the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee when they were
inquiring into the activities of the Com-
munist Party, but notice the striking ab-
sence of these same protestors now that
the committee is investigating the Ku
Klux Klan.
And one the other hand, the societies
of the extreme right hand who have been
used to the role of defending the Un--
American Activities Committee now be-
gin to question its usefulness.
SO THAT WE MAY NOT be trapped into
raising the double standard, it is im-
perative when pressing for anti-discrimi-
nation in the Greek system, we don't re-
sort to methods and tactics that we our-
selves would feel reprehensible in a dif-
ferent given circumstance.
-,ALAN MAY
Collegiate Press Service

ever, the most intellectually ear-
nest students are the strongest
dissenters, on civil rights, uni-
versity reform, pacifism, opposi-
tion to the Viet War. This was
evident at Berkeley, where the
Free Speech Movement leaders
had grades far superior to the
average; and the same has just
been demonstrated across the
country in a report for the Car-
negie Corporation: dissent is
strongest in schools with the high-
est academic standing and, in
those schools, among the best
students.
Think of the unfortunate, and
dangerous, polarization among
young people that this implies.
The armed forces tend to be filled
with the poor and unschooled.
They are drafted, and they also
tend to enlist since they are like-
ly to be drafted anyway and they
might as well have it over with;
besides, in peace-time conditions,
the armed services provide edu-
cation for the ambitious that is
better than most high schools and
some colleges.
In war-time conditions, the se-
lected group at the front under-
standably resents the protestors at
home who are a different breed. A
reporter from Da Nang (Warren
Rogers in the NY Journal-
American) says, "The 18- and 19-
year-olds, fashionably referred to
as high school dropouts, have steel
in their backbones and maybe too

Paul
Goodman

much of what prize fighters call
killer instinct."
But the protestors are most of-
ten better informed, more reason-
able, and even more earnest. Na-
turally the men at the front think
of them as slackers, careerists,;
beatniks, or nuts.
ON THE STREETS, the ever
louder crowds that curse the young
pacifist demonstrators are in fact
likely to be cursing the young
people of whom they would or-
dinarily be most proud and whom
they would like their children to
emulate.
If the American casualty lists
mount, we are bound to see a
Know Nothing spirit worse than
McCarthyism, for the dissent is
more widespread, stubborn and
intellectually critical than it was
in McCarthy's tine. This is cer-
tainly a grim relationship between
the community of scholars and so-
ciety.
Consider another bad aspect of
this relationship. Precisely to di-
minish shirking and to guarantee
social utility (according to its

lights), as well as to increase re-
cruitment, the government will
now hold exempt only students
who get good grades, carry a full
course load, and even are in the
sciences rather than the human-
ities.
But this kind of, extra-mural
pressuring is academically out-
rageous. The curriculum and level
of performance that warrant a
student's being in college must be
entirely the affair of the student
and his professors, otherwise edu-
cational process impossible. For a
particular student at a particular
time, a light load, off-campus
work, a moratorium might be just
the right thing.
A student's mediocre grades
might be quite irrelevant to the
question of how much he is profit-
ing. The right curriculum depends
on where and how a student is.
I AM UNWILLING in this col-
umn to discuss the merits of the
Viet Nam war as policy-in my
opinion, it is both unjust and Im-
politic-but as an academic I must
say this: the pressuring and in-
terference of the draft policy in
academic matters are intolerable
and poison the atmosphere of the
community of scholars. It is the
duty of faculty concertedly to pro-
test against them and refuse them,
and it is the duty of students to
urge the faculty to do so.
In abstract logic, the "just

outh?
policy" on the student deferment
is clear: Either the war is just
and then nobody should be de-
ferred 'except for absolute social
or personal necessity ); all must be
in it together. Or the war is un-
just and we should get the hell
out of it. And abstractly I agree
with this forthright reasoning,
but-
Since the President does not
seem to be about to give up the
war, the logic means abolishing
the deferment. The students
would of course be wildly against
it, for various good and bad rea-
sons. Also, university administra-
tors would be against it, since it
would diminish their population
and grandeur, even if many are
students only to avoid the draft.
But finally, I think the govern-
ment itself must shy away from
such a step, for it cannot be eager
to cope with the unknown, but
certainly very large, number of
students who oppose war and
would strenuously object to being
drafted, but who now settle quiet-
ly for deferment.
At present the government is
obviously disposed to get its troops
from the National Guard and the
Reserves, rather than asking for
an emergency and risking debate.
Yet this drift toward a big profes-
sional army is hazardous to de-
mocracy, and we may rue it.
Copyright, Paul Goodman,1965

0
At

Letters: MSU Students

View Their Plight

Mrs. Wallace for Governor?

EQUALITY IN ALABAMA? Yes, George
Wallace is finally beginning to move
toward it. They marched for years be-
fore they got the vote, he says resignedly,
so it's about time they were allowed to
take part in the government..
What Is Wallace doing to achieve this
equality? Well, he hinted recently that
he would like to see a woman in the gov-
ernor's chair, his wife Lureen, to be exact.
She has been appearing frequently in
public with Wallace recently, and was
once introduced as "the next governor of
Alabama."
"His wife got him where he is" is a
common cliche-and one which Wallace
is probably mulling seriously. Wallace
himself is barred from seeking reelection
to the governorship; and having his wife
in the position is the only way he can
keep his hand in the pie and his eye on
the 1968 presidential campaign.
AND WHAT WOULD really be so unrea-
sonable about his wife having the job?
After all, it would be a step toward equal
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use of all news dispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited to the newspaper. All rights of re-publication
of all other matters here are also reserved.
Subscription rates $4.50 semester ny carrier ($5 by
mail); $8 yearly by carrter ($9 by mail).
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.

rights for all, which the nation would
applaud. It is the women who iron sheets
for the Klan rallies and keep the chil-
dren out of integrated schools.
Mrs. Wallace is reputed to have none
of her husband's arrogance. She says sim-
ply, "We who love the South, we who
love our families, must stand together."
Who can argue with that?
Yes, Mrs. Wallace is devoted to her
husband and four children in the true
Southern belle tradition, but she has no
real interest in politics. "George could be
working in a bank; it would be about
the same," she smiles. She is not entirely
wrong. Certainly, in both cases there is
something he wants to cash in on.
"WHAT IF SHE'S ELECTED?" a friend
reportedly teased the governor. "Will
you put up his and her desks?"
Wallace did not answer. Nevertheless,
he #robably tucked the idea away for
further consideration.
The voters of . Alabama should con-
sider embracing this new candidate as
their own. She stands for motherhood and
flag. And a madam governor certainly
couldn't be much worse than a mad one.
-GAIL JORGENSEN

To the Editor:
IT WAS with much pleasure that
I read your fine newspaper on
Friday, Nov. 19, when some 3000
issues descended on our poor be-
leaguered campus. I have read
the Daily in the past and the pres-
ent reinforces my previous opinion.
Your paper represents a quality
of university journalism that could
well be transplanted; feature ar-
ticles of substance and depth
("Unemployment," p. 1; "Reluct-
ance To End War," p. 3), editor-
ials of the same quality ("Viet
Nam Protest") which are sup-
ported by a sustained and develop-
ed argument over a sophisticated
grasp of issues and facts, and re-
views of excellent qualitw ("Funny
Thing," p. 2).
Partly the quality of content
reflects Ann Arbor'symore sophis-
ticated student body but quite
obviously it is also a result of the
general freedom that you enjoy
under an administration rather
more enlightened, it seems, than
the one we have been blessed with.
It is difficult for a student
newspaper to attract significant
contributors or staff members
censorship of anything smacking
of controversy or anything "dis-
agreeable", to our administrative
personnel is the norm.
In fact the entire campus is
pervaded by a shacky feeling that
"one could get into trouble for
that." The ambiguous "that"
covers extensive territory.
YOU SEEM to wear your free-
dom well and are to be congratu-
lated for what you have made of
it-an excellent newspaper. We
wear our constriction and repres-
sion with a wan smile. We could
always transfer to the University.
But somehow we hope that we
might, someday, transfer a little
of the University to MSU.
Meanwhile, please keep up the
good work; otherwise. we will lose
an important standard to guide us.
Maybe you could come around
more often?
-Lawrence O. Basil
Grad Student, MSU
To the Editor:
AS A GRADUATE student at
MSU after spending five years
at the, University I can attest to
"The Loss of Freedom at Michigan
State." However, I would like to
point out that it's difficult to call
"lost" that which has never been
possessed.
The State News has long been
used by MSU administrators as a

propaganda sheet in their, over
zealous concern for good PR. In-
ternational news is rarely (if ever)
covered in depth. News from other
campuses is usually not reported.
The fight of the collegiate press
for freedom of expression has
been totally ignored. Editorials are
a mockery of the name. They
never carry bylines and, except
for a few occasions, they merely
summarize - stories carried pre-
viously in the news section.
Controversial issues most rele-
vant to the campus are glaringly
omitted or skimmed over. Instead,
the editorial page is typically fill-
ed with short journalistic exercises
in feature writing and advertise-
ments. Other sections of the paper
carry a daily column on Olin
Health Service admissions and
a weekly tidbit called "Who's
Whose,"the local gossip on pin-
nings and engagements.
Every year a hoopla on the front
page tells loyal readers that the
State News has again won some
sort of prize for journalistic ex-
cellence. We'are told that the
paper has been the model for
many college papers throughout
the U.S.
L FOR ONE, have not yet fig-
ured out where these awards are
coming from. Perhaps the MSU
administration could tell me.
-Carol (Stone) Lipton, '63
To the Editor:
YOUR EDITORIAL that appear-
ed on Friday, November 19
concerning the resignation of the
editorial staff here at Michigan
State was well received and ap-
preciated by the majority of the
student body. There has long been
an aura of censorship of the vital
news organ of MSU; the admin-
istration has played a key role
in this suppression of the news
media on this campus.
It has been quite apparent for
some time that President Han-
nah's main concern on this cam-
pus has been the expansion of
MSU's physical plant to such pro-
portions that the academic quality
of this university has suffered
because of it.
The student body here is vitally
concerned with academic and so-
cial freedom, and the interest
shown in the past by Michigan
students has served as a prime
example of the influence that can
be exerted by a united student

body interested in the improve-
ment of the university as an
agency for free intellectual pur-
suit.
WHEN AN INSTITUTION the
size of MSU is placed under the
heel of President Hannah's sup-
preession there are many basic
freedoms that are deprived the
entire academic community; the
censoring of the State News is
only one in a series of incidents
that have occurred here.
We resent the biased and blat-
ant control of our paper by the
administration of Michigan State
University and would like to ex-
tend our thanks to the stand
taken by the editors of the Michi-
gan Daily for their interest in the
denial of our rights as students
and citizens.
-Larry Rudner, '68
Bob Kazanowski, '68
David Mortimer, '68
Don Horwitz, '69
MSU Students
To the Editor:
THANK YOU for printing the
editorial and article about
Michigan State. Thank you, too,
for distributing Friday, Novem-
ber 20's issue on campus here at
MSU.
It is a shame that the students
of Michigan State had to obtain
copies of the Michigan Daily in
order to read the true news of
their school.
The State News indeed reports
managed and one-sided news
items.gAll reports which thead-
ministration deems unfit for stu-
dent consumption are censored by
the administration itself, not by
the student editorial board. As a
matter of fact, the story concern-
ing the resignations of the board
was, to my knowledge, not even in
the paper today.
OTHER STUDENTS and I are
tired of reading canaged, one-
sided news, reported to the stu-
dents in a manneer which makes
Michigan State's administration
seem pertect. The administration
has been rightfully put down by
these articles. Distribution of the
Daily seems to have caused some
favorable response in opposition
to the university's policies on news
reporting. I hope that the ad-
ministration will re-evaluate its
stand and decide to allow the
State News to report all of the
news, good or bad. Let the free-
dom of the press return, or, should
I say, come to Michigan State
Nniversity.
-Dave Kikoler
MSU Freshman
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily
was purchased in Ann Arbor by
the Committee for Student
Rights and sold by them at
MSU. We did not "distribute" it
at East Lansing, though we were
delighted to see it done. -R.J.
High School Activism
To the Editor:
THIS LETTER is in regard to
the editorial appearing in The
Daily Wednesday, November 17,
concerning political activity at
Ann Arbor High School.
We as two of the so-called
"leaders of the movement within
the high school" would like to
take issue with the attitude and
the reporting of Mr. Gaines in his

Travels in the East:
Two Thanksgivings

0'

through the school newspaper and
classroom discussions.
The high school yearly presents
a draft assembly for senior boys
at which a conscientious objector
is invited to speak. There has
existed since last year a Social
Science Seminar in which various
controversial issues are discussed,
including civil disobedience and
the war in Viet Nam.
Mr. Schreiber is correct in stat-
ing that there is no movement in
the high school. We are attempt-
ing to build one, but as of yet our
gains are minute. The basis of this
effort is not, as the editorial im-
plies, centered at the University,
nor is it correct to label Mike
Locker as sole initiator and leader.

THE SOUTH of the Border Mo-
tel-just south (naturally) of
the North-South Carolina border
and on the usual motor route
traveled between New York and
Miami-is like a polished candle-
stick in a garbage dump.
But so are many of the modern,
guaranteed-sanitary, neon-signed
motels along this route, which
takes you through some of the
most God-forsaken places' on the,
East Coast and makes me wonder
if the Great Society is exclusively
a Northern phenomenon.
The motel is a huge place which
never gets filled to capacity, and
where a visitor finds a variety of.
tourist shops specializing in trin-
kets, food, traveling necessities,
toiletries and (across the street)
fireworks.
You feel as if it were a self-
sustaining island, apart from its
environment. It is actually walled-
in in some places and fosters
Mexican-like atmosphere with
"Buy a Pedro Sombrero" signs
everywhere.
ONCE I STAYED overnight
there. The next morning, the first
one awake and having had my fill
the previous evening of Mexican
life a la the motel, I decided to
escape from my "island" paradise
and see some the the gracious
Southland near the motel.
After walking about a quarter
mile along the highway separated
from the fields by a wire fence, I
finally found a dirt driveway lead-
ing into the field, into which I.
immediately turned.
The dirt road led across one
field and through a thin line of
trees that, I suppose, acted as a
wind break to protect the crops
there during the season.
The road then turned diagonally
across the next field and led
toward an old dilapidated, gray,
boarded, seemingly deserted shack.
The front yard lacked any sem-
blance of grass and was cluttered
with a few rusty nail barrels, a
plow, some weather-beaten wood
planks, the remains of a ,fire-
place, a discolored mattress with
its stuffings hanging out and a
small pile of moldy orange peels.
ON THE SIDE of the shack was
a 1948 or 1949 Mercury, propped
up on cinder blocks with no
wheels, the front window smashed,
the seats missing, the doors open
and the front and trunk hoods
held open-mouthed with sticks.
They reminded one of the meth-

So What?
by sarasohis

His aid in obtaining speakers for
our rally and his cooperation in
an advisory capacity is essential.
The actual composition of the
group, however, is exclusively high
school students.
AS OUR ACTIONS indicate, we
feel that there is a large degree
of political apathy within the
school and that it is our respon-
sibility as students and citizens to'
attempt to alter this. We do not
feel, however that at this time a
free speech issue is as important
as the draft, the war in Viet Nam,'
and their implications to the high
school student.
--Amy Schrager
Karen Shain

'V

off the land. A Negro boy about
my age and height appeared and
called off the dogs who then
quietly returned to their quarters
underneath the porch.
After he asked who I was and
what I wanted, we went into the
house and talked a few minutes.
He was my age and lived there
with his mother, uncle and five
brothers and sisters. They all
worked in the fields I had crossed
after leaving the highway.
WE ENTERED a room which
seemed to serve as a living and
dining area. The wooden planks
on the floor had spaces between
them through which you probably
could see easily with a little light.
The furniture consisted of a few
stools, a bench, a, faded green
velvet chair, a double bed, a table
and dresser painted black, a color-
ful carnival poster and a family
photograph. ,
He had never bothered going to
school because it wasn't worth
much, he told me, but he added
proudly that his little brothers
were now in public school in North
Carolina. He didn't say anything
about whether his sisters went to
school.
One of his little brothers en-
tered the room from the back
complaining that the barking had
awakened him. He wore a dirty
polo shirt and shorts, home-made
from corduroy trousers, and no
shoes or socks. He was a little
afraid of me and soon ran baci:
to where he had just come.
One of his little sisters then
poked her head around the door
and upon my friend's insistence,
she came in and crawled onto his
lap. She wore a dark colored
smock and dirty rubber sandals.
She seemed quite self conscious of
her presence and finally squirmed
off and left us.
They got most of their food, my
friend said, from the land they
worked. This, however, being the
off season, none of them were
working. I hesitated asking where
they got their food when they
weren't working.
He asked if I might stay until
the rest of his family had awaken-
er and join them for their morn-

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