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November 11, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-11-11

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Seventy-Sixth Year

On Germany's Inferiority Complex


NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Hearing on the 'U Audit.
The uestions Were Wrong.. .

IT WOULD BE surprising indeed
if the coming visit of Dr. Lud-
wig Erhard resulted in any sub-
stantial agreement about relations
between Europe and America. It
is obvious that the relations are
changing, but none of the prin-
cipal governments concerned is
ready to negotiate about what is
to come next.
Dr. Erhard's government has
just been reorganized after the
elections and has hardly had time
for a shakedown cruise. President
Johnson is still convalescent and,
quite rightly, he is avoiding the
strain of making difficult deci-
sions which can safely be post-
No decisions, moreover, are
really possible until the French
elections show what kind of man-
date Gen. Charles de Gaulle re-
ALTHOUGH it is usually dan-
gerous to postpone decisions, this
may be an occasion when too
much zeal may cook up a crisis,
though in fact none exists. The
prospect of a review and rene-
gotiation of the NATO treaty is
very important business. It is not
a crisis where the stakes are life
and death.

The NATO negotiations will be
carried on with an ally which has
affirmed in words and deeds (the
Cuban missile crisis) its loyalty to
the alliance.
There is a great amount of dis-
cussion about German security.
But the fact is that the Federal
Republic is in no serious danger
of being attacked. The fact is that
it is protected by the paramount
deterrent force of the United
The fact is that nothing can be
done by the Federal Republic now
or in the years to come-by col-
lective agreements or even on its
own-which can increase by one
scintilla the security of the Fed-
eral Republic against all-out nu-
clear attack.
THE PROBLEM that is en-
gendering most of the discussion
is not how to make the Federal
Republic more secure against So-
viet ttack. The real subject of
the discussions is, as the Econo-
mist of London put it a, few weeks
ago, that the Germans "want tb
be reassured that the dropping of
a joint nuclear force would not
condemn them to perpetual sec-
ond-class status in Western Eur-

This is, indeed, the problem-
not how to defend the Federal
Republic, but how to make it feel
that its status is equal to that
of Britain and France. The prob-
lem of how to make the Germans
feel satisfied about their status
is interesting and even important.
But the sovereign solution for
this problem of status, in a nation
as in individuals, is common sense
stripped of false envy and pre-
occupation with appearances.
There has been a shortage of
common sense in our dealings with
postwar Wyest Germany, and the
shortage is due in the last analysis
to a profound distrust of the
Germans, a deep-seated fear that
if they are disappointed they will
bring forth another Hitler.
This is what has been at the
bottom of the whole project to
let German officers and men par-
ticipate in the operation of nuclear

weapons. It has been alleged that
by letting some Germans lay their
hands on nuclear weapons and by
having the Federal Republic own
a partial equity in the weapons,
the German nation would be im-
munized against a feeling of in-
feriority to Britain and France.
ALTHOUGH this futile and un-
healthy attempt to manipulate
and manage German feelings has
not solved any military problem,
it has taught the Germans on the
authority of the United States
that they probably are inferior if
they don't feel inferior. The com-
mon-sense approach to the Ger-
man feeling of inferior status is to
make it quite clear. why neither
Britain nor France is or can be a
truly independent nuclear power.
The reason for that is that the
United States owns and operates
at least 90 per cent of the nuclear
power of the Western Alliance. It
is, therefore, quite impossible,
whatever the appearances, for any
other member of the alliance to
be an independent nuclear power.
Not because we are any better
than anyone else, but because of
the fact of our preponderant nu-
clear power, none of our Allies
dares make alone the ultimate de-

cision of whether nuclear power is
or is not to be used.
Heaven knows, I do not want to
see nuclear power used anywhere,
for example, in the Far East. But
the hard facts are the hard facts.
Neither Paris nor London could
veto an American decision to use
nuclear power. By the same token,
neither Paris nor London could
compel us to fight a nuclear war
if we decided against it.
Within the Western Alliance
there can be no other truly in-
dependent nuclear powers as there
are no nuclear powers equal to the
United States.
THE TRUE and honest reply to
the German feeling about nuclear
status is to expose to them the
unreality of the apparent status of
their European neighbors. The
Germans should cease to be jeal-
ous of the ladies down the street,
for their jewels are made of paste.
Once the realities of nuclear status
are understood, the door is open
to very wide and far-reaching ar-
rangements in "nuclear sharing,
more accurately in nuclear con-
(c) 1965, The Washington Post Co.

REP. JACK FAXON (D-Detroit) said last
night that he felt his subconmittee's
hearings yesterday on the University's
use ,obkits tuition and residence hall fee
income had "established a rapport with
the University's administration."
Even if that is true, that's about k all
they did.
This result was not necessarily sur-
prising. The hearings called together
three groups-legislators, administrators
and students-who historically have had
great difficulties in communicating with
one another. Discussions between any
two of the groups would have tended to
provide a great deal of meaningless dis-
cussion; discussions between all three in
the sane day all but assured it.
The' legislators' questions were almost
uniformly sporadic and uncoordinated;
they evidently never realized that they
would get no meaningful answers with a
shotgun approach.
One hesitates 'to - characterize all the
comments of the administrators presept
as laving been unhelpful. Some, how-
ever, tended to be very meaningless,- or
purposefully vague on precisely the issues
the hearing should have concerned itself
Compared with these two, the student
speakers were almost a relief. But sev-
eral of them appeared not to realize how
a problem should be presented most tact-
Fully to legislators.
" " But Students,
Performed Well
the time being, a question in the
heart of Jack Faxon (D-Detroit), who is
chairman of the Special Subcommittee
of the Wayns and Means Committee on
Higher Education..
The question Faxon wanted answered
in yesterday's acrobatic hearing was,
"Where did the money go which was gen-
erated from the_ tuition increase this
The hearing was called to give state
representatives an opportunity to ask
questions on the University financial
statement released Monday, which re-
corded University revenue and expenses.,
University representatives were prepared
to answer questions on this subject, but
they were not prepared to offer an iso-
lated explanation of the tuition increase.'
The fault of this answer vacuum does
not entirely lie at the feet of Faxon, who
assumed that University representatives
would think along the lines which he
construed most important; nor does the
fault lie strictly with the University per-
sonnel, who viewed the hearing in a
broader, more generalized manner, relat-
ing to the cost of University housing
maintenance, dormitory food expenses,
the cost of attending the University for
the average student, et ad infinitum.
HE MOST INSPIRING moments of the
hearing were provided by students.
-Robert W. Goyer, Grad, of the Grad-
uate Student Housing Committee, crea-
tively and accurately lectured the legis-'
lators on high costs of living in Ann Ar-
bor, drawing his arguments from facts.
and graphs on room and board in resi-
dence halls, off-campus housing expens-
es, tuition, and incidental educational
and living costs.
-Gary Cunningham, '66, president of
Student Government Council, realistical-
ly assessed conflicting goals of the Uni-

versity in keeping the academic excel-
lence of the school through adequate in-
struction and other educational benefits
and still allowing expansion to permit
enough persons of high intellectual ca-
pocity to attend.
THE HEARING was rewarding primarily*
to the extent that it gave student
leaders an excellent opportunity to graph-
ically illustrate their sentiments on stu-
dent welfare. These presentations actual-
ly appeared to strike the legislators as
noved, professional and unbecoming of
The hearing will level, its greatest value

chances of producing anything mean-
ingful was the nature of the subcommit-
tee itself-it failed to carry out its own
High legislative sources yesterday
charged that Faxon's subcommittee "did
not have the sanction" of its parent, the
House Ways and Means Committee, in
its investigations. Faxon was charged
with everything from "duplication of ef-
fort" to being the tool of "a Democratic
form of witch-hunt."
Faxon replied that there has been "no
duplication at all" and that he has let
his accusers "do everything but be chair-
man of my subcommittee."
The truth of the matter must ultimate-
ly lie somewhere in between.
But whatever the facts may finally
prove to be, it is clear that the questions
of Faxon's subcommittee were vague
enough to make It impossible for it to
carry out its avowed aims.
Presumably, a subcommittee of the
Ways and Means Committee would have
concerned itself with' the mechanics and
rationale for University budget requests.
Yet Faxon's group covered everything
from student grievances to his personal
complaints about how children of his con-
stituents had been handled by the Uni-
versity's admissions office..
WHATEVER the subcommittee did dis-
cover about the University's finances
must certainly have duplicated the work
of hearings held just after the tuition
hike this summer by the House Higher
Education Committee.
Moreover, if it discovered much about
the University's finances it must have
been by accident.
The legislators questions were often
uncoordinated and occasionally needless-
ly antagonistic. When Rep. George Mont-
gomery (D-Detroit) asked Vice-President
for Business and Finance Wilbur K.
Pierpont an either-or question - which
the University put first, the responsibil-
ity to pay off its bondholders or its re-
sponsibility to lower its dormitory costs
to students - it was just like asking
whether or not Pierpont had stopped
,eating his wife.
YET FOR THEIR PART, the University's
'administrators were not always the
models of clarity one would have desired.
There was an interesting polarity in
their comments. Whenever a member of
the subcommittee asked a question about
an action which the University had al-
ready taken, administrators were able to
defend that decision explicitly and com-
Yet when a committee member asked
a question about actions which the Uni-
versity had not taken, such as construct-
ing low-cost housing to force rents down
in the central campus area, the best ad-
ministrators could do was to offer vague,
often evasive, excuses and explanations.
The subcommittee was avowedly inter-
ested in precisely those problems which
had been created by the University's lack
of action in several areas. But as a re-
sult of its lack of determination to ob-
tain answers to questions in those major
policy areas and the administration's
evidently great desire to avoid such mat-
ters, the hearings failed to produce any
results at all relating to the problen
which led to its creation.
STUDENTS AS WELL failed to make
their points in several areas.
Rep. James Farnsworth caught them
napping with an obvious question about
how the personal incomes of University

students have changed as the costs they
are charged have risen. One can guess at
the answer, but the students' inability to
provide it must have left Farnsworth with
doubts as to the validity of their conclu-
Moreover, Gary Cunningham, '66, and
the other students who echoed his senti-
ments, certainly should have realized that
a hearing of a House subcommittee was
no place to plug for theUniversity's au-
tonomy from the Legislature.
But in general, the students touched
on more points more relevant than did


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Letters:a New ISA
Needed at the 'U'



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-u*t *"a MiER 1 :- tC:

"But isn't this parade in honor of Mayor Lindsay ...?"

Schuiz e's Corner: R ed's

T ODAY'S CORNER is neither
nasty, nor vicious, nor taste-
less, nor infuriating. Today's cor-
ner, as you will see, is a terse,
bouncy, fluffy, giggly, cutey little
article about Red's Rite Spot,
which they're going to demolish.
Red's Rite Spot, as we all know,
is a small, laughey, brighty, happy,
snappy, warmy, little diner near
the corner of Maynard and Wil-
liam. For many years, University
students have squushed brotherly
sisterly into little Red's Rite Spot
to engage in chattery bantery,
jokery conversation about things
and stuff.
But soon the great, frightening,
powerful, cigar-smoking, industrial
magnates are going to crash mer-
ciless cement balls, and battering
rams, and bulldozers, and sledge-
hammers into little Red's Rite
Spot; and they're going to smash,
and rip, and' splatter, and hack.
little Red's Rite Spot into a mis-
erable, desolate, little pile of for-
lorn rubble.
And all of the University stu-
dents will rush jabberingly out of
Red's and off into the woodland
forest where they will live on
snake eggs and grasshoppers and
toadstool pickings. And Charlie
Brown and Red and Sheep and all
the people who work in Red's
won't have any place to work any-
more, and they will have to take
jobs as teaching fellows at the
BUT NEVER FEAR. One bright,
gay, shiny, happy day, a new Red's
will dramatically rise Phoenix-
like from the forlorn rubble of the
poor, dead, wrecked, old Red's
Rite Spot, and the New Red's will
be located on the first floor of
the great, soaring, rising mighty
building ;which the frightening

To the Editor:
AM WRITING this letter be-
cause I believe the Daily is an
effective medium for presenting
constructive criticisms and solu-
tions to basic student problems.
As an international student of
this university I am really sur-
prised and dissatisfied when I
cannot find any International Stu-
dent Organization on the campus.
There are about 1200 foreign stu-
dents and more than twenty na-
tionality associations on this cam-
pus, yet I cannot find any inter-
national student representation on
Student Government Council or on
Graduate Student Council.
The International Student As-
sociation, which had been func-
tioning very inefficiently and in'
,isolation from the international
student body, has been dissolved
due to financial problems. While
there are many fraternities and
sororities on this campus, I have
rarely seen foreign students in-
corporated in these social organ-
IN VIEW of these facts, I sug-
gest the following immediate ac-
tion and urge all international
students and all the American
students interested in internation-
al affairs, friendship and coopera-
tion to support and become active
in these areas:
1) To develop a true and uni-
versal International Student Or-
ganization incorporating all the
students from foreign lands and
the American students, for the
mere purpose of creating an ef-
fective medium for international
understanding, international
friendship and international co-
operation in the areas of intellec-
tual, cultural and social activities.
A representative Executive Com-
mittee for this international or-
ganization, should be. established
through campaigns and general
2) To create some kind of rep-
resentation for the International
Student Organization on SGC and
GSC. This could be accomplished
by establishing an office of the
vice-presidency for international
affairs or accepting the president
of the international student or-
ganization as an ex-officio mem-
ber of the above-mentioned stu-
dent organizatiors.
3) To establish international
fraternities and sororities to pro-
vide opportunity for foreign stu-
dents 'and American students to
live together.
4) The International Student
Organization should be respon-
sible for initiating, developing and
implementing the major educa-
tional, intellectual and cultural
programs as well as social events
of international scope.
courage and support the concept
of international student coopera-
tion through the International
Student Organization and help
solve the financial problems in-
herent in a student organization
of international scale.
-S. Iman Azar
Teaching Fellow
Responsible for
International Affairs of
Iranian Student Association
REACH Position
To the Editor:
MICKEY Eisenberg, a GROUP
representative, in his letter of
Tuesday, Nov. 9, leveled an attack
on REACH that was clearly a
distortion of fact. His purported
rationality gave way to irration-
ality, his objectivity to subjectiv-

established between the students
and the Regents and Administr.a-
tion through the use of the "power
tactic." He obviously considers
Regents and members of the ad-
ministration "monsters and devils"
that are to be approached with
a negative attitude and this has
been the cry of, GROUP. Well,
REACH has taken a unique posi-
'tion. REACH wants to open the
communication channels also, and
therefore, has decided to take a
positive approach toward the re-
lationship. Thus, REACH is con-
tacting such persons with the be-
lief that Regents and members of
the administration are "human."
overlooks the basis on which SGC
'representatives are elected. Stu-
dents place them in office to rep-
resent the student view on issues
directly related to the University.
Any SGC representative that feels
that he is representing anything
more than his own personal view
when taking a stand on a national
or internationalissue is only kid-
ding himself and/or misprepre-
senting his constituency.
Eisenberg naively wonders how
REACH can represent a diversity
of interest without taking on poli-
tical issues. Well, the only reason
that REACH can represent the
entire spectrum of political beliefs
on a camphs level is because
REACH does not involve 'itself
with national and international
Therefore, if GROUP rants to
take credit for the Bookstore Re-
port, the attempt to create com-
munications between the students
and the administration and Re-
gents, and "the acceptance of SOC
to concern itself with off-campus
issues," then it must also accept
he blame for the report's de-
ficiencies, the inability to form
better communications due to a
negative approach, and the mis-
representation of their constitu-
ency's mandate.
--Marvin J. Freedman, '67
REACH Campaign/Policy
GROUP Statement
To the Editor:
in the Daily that one of the
four main points of its platform
is Outside Political Affairs, and
"according to Robinson, GROUP
considers SGC as a representative
to the student body that presents
'students' views to outside world."
GROUP's obviously suffering from
'a temporary lapse of memory or
perhaps political expediency, and
has failed to mention what the
views are that it will represent.
Due to particular interest created
by the Viet Nam Referendum and
GROUP's purported belief that it
has a responsibility to take stands
on national and international is-
sues, it would be in the best in-
terests of GROUP and the stu-
dents whom it intends to repre-
sent if it would declare its posi-
tion on the Viet Nam issue.
-Judy Goldstein,'67
A rue
BY BOMBING and strafing irri-
gation projects in North Viet
Nam, the U.S. aggressors want to
provoke floods, to destroy crops
and to bring about other calami-
ties. Such U.S. acts are as cruel



-Daly-Thomas R. Copi
ALL THE GANG at Red's Rite Spot

The New York Blackout:
Miracle on 34th St.

AND DARKNESS was over the
face of the land; the Mighty
Arm of God had struck.
Came the thunderous wrath:
"Behold you have taken false idols
before Me against my command-
And the masses caught in sub-
way cars huddled in fear. The
women, in, trepidation, loosed their
holds on Bergdorf-Goodman boxes.
The flanneled men raised up their
eyes in good-looking surprise and
dropped their graven Wall Street

tened silently to the rejoicing of
the looters;
"Behold. I gave the Garden of
Eden, and I took it away."
And 400,000 men beat upon tele-
vision, radioes, and heaters.
The women across the curve of
the world lifted up their wood-
en spoons in wonder.
And the children of God stum-
bled and fell on the squelched
Great White Way. The cliff-
dwellers hovered in confusion at,
the stacked panes of tall, black

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