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November 03, 1965 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1965-11-03

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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

W E N S A , N V MEY, 9 5T l ~ C I G N D I YP C H F

i li 4.i Lt L 1l1VLU

W

Michigan Supreme Court Orders Re-Apporti

)ment

By The Associated Press
LANSING-The Michigan Su-
preme Court yescterday invalidat-
ed the state's present legislative
districting arrangement and or-
dered the Legislative Apportion-
ment Committee to draw up new
plans for the 1966 election.
In five separate opinions, the
court voted 5-3 to send the 1964
apportionment plan back to the
commission to redraw districts for
members of both houses of the
Michigan Legislature.
Two justices, Chief Justice
Thomas M. Kavanaugh and As-
sociate Justice Otis M. Smith, vot-

ed to dismiss a petition by 33 citi-
zens to have the plan remanded
back to the commission.
Associate Justice Theodore Sou-
ris voted to hold up action until
next Feb. 15 to give the Legisla-
ture time to begin to make cor-
rections in the constitutional ap-
portionment provisions.
But they were outvoted by the
court majority and the plan was
sent back. Affected are 110 House
districts and 38 Senate districts.
The petition asked the court to
overturn the current districting
and to send the problem back to
the commission with orders to

draw a new plan in accordance
with the 1963 state constitution
and "guidelines established by
applicable decisions of the Su-
preme Court of the United States."
The petition by the 33-man
team-most of them Republicans
-charged the apportionment plan
drawn by the Democratic mem-
bers of the commission violated
the 1963 Michigan constitution
and that it was gerrymandered
to insure topheavy Democratic
majorities.
The overhaul of the districts re-
sulted in a near 60 per cent turn-
over of legislators last year and

a return to Democratic majorities
for the first time in 30 years.
The present plan was ordered by
a 6-2 vote of the State Supreme
Court from among plans submit-
ted by commission members after
the commission failed to agree on
one plan by a constitutionally-set
deadline.
The court ordered on May 26,
1964 that a Republican-drawn
plan be put into effect; but, after
the U.S. Supreme Court's deci-
sion on June 15, changed its
.mind and ordered instead on June
22, 1964 that the adoption of the
Democratic Austin-Kleiner plan

to conform with the federal deci-
sion.
The plan was named for Demo-
cratic Commissioners Richard
Austin of Detroit and A. Robert
Kleiner of Grand Rapids.
Challengers claimed the rival
Republican plan, drawn up by for-
mer Gov. Wilbur M. Brucker of
Detroit and William F. Hanna of
Muskegon, is the only valid one
because it was ordered by the
court first.
The state court, which had
waited for several months for
guidelines from Washington on
population apportionment, had or-

dered the Republican plan in des-
peration when the entire 1964 elec-
tion picture was thrown into chaos
because of the lack of districts.
But the justices -- five Demo-
crats and three Republicans -
were forced to shift their sights.
when the "one man, one vote" de-
cision was handed down. Only one
Republican, Justice Michael D.
O'Hara, sided with the Democrats
to approve the present plan.
The Republican-sponsored plan
adhered closely to the 1963 con-
stitution that required in part that
State Senate districts be drawn
according to a formula based 80

per cent on population and 20 per
cent on area.
One of the key questions debat-
ed before the court May 11 was
whether the area provision was
the only one struck down by the
U.S. Supreme Court ruling, or
whether the rest of the apportion-
ment section would also have to
be thrown out.
It requires that districts be
compact, convenient, contiguous,
as nearly uniform in shape as pos-
sible-and that they stick where
practicable to existing city, coun-
ty and township boundaries. The
Republican Brucker-Hanna plan

honored those provisions.
The present plan chops up town-
ships, cities and counties into a
maze of districts that are almost
equal in population. But they
also forced several incumbent leg-
islators into primary races with
each other.
Th petitioners-headed by for-
mer State Bar President Maxwell
F. Badfley of Jackson and six
former constitutional convention
delegates-charged this was a fla-
grant violation of the constitution
and that it also discriminated
against minority voters because
of partisan gerrymandering.

U.~S.

econsid ers

Using

WILSON CRITICIZED:
Rhodesians Predict
Independence Near

17-Year-Olds

in

Viet

U.S. Planes
Rescue GI
Near China
Other Strikes Drop
Newspapers over
North Viet Nam Coast
SAIGON (P-U.S. planes stag-
ed their northernmost sea rescue
of the Vietnamese war yesterday,
plucking a reconnaissance pilot
from the Gulf of Tonkin only
about 70 miles from Red China's
coast.
The pilot is Capt. Norman P.
Huggins, Mullins, S.C.
The incident was a highlight
in a day of aerial activity. As
recounted by U.S. briefing offi-
cers:
Huggins' plane was hit by con-
ventional ground fire while he
was on a photo-reconnaissance
mission over three surface-to-air
missile sites 35 miles northeast
of Hanoi that U.S. Air Force and
Navy jets attacked Sunday.
He nursed his crippled craft to-
ward the gulf and finally bailed
out over the water 57 miles east
of the port of Haiphong. He
landed considerably north of the
area of previously successful
search-and-rescue operations and
spent an hour in his life raft.
Narrow Rescue
North Vietnamese machine gun-
ners were closing in aboard a sam-
pan and shooting at him when
other fliers located him.
Two U.S. dive bombers shot up
the sampan.
A plane piloted by Capt. David
P. Westenbarger, Fairfield, Ohio,
picked up Huggins. He was re-
ported to be in good condition.
U.S. Air Force F-105 Thunder-
chief fighter-bombers made wide-
ranging strikes over North Viet
Nam. A spokesman said they
blasted a communications station,
a military camp and supply area,
a truck park and several bridges.
Other Raids
There was also a raid of an-
other kind.
A U.S. C-130 Hercules dropped
5000 gift packages and 25,000
newspapers over a 90-mile stretch
of the coast to help persuade
North Vietnamese people that
South Viet Nam has their inter-
ests at heart. The largest such.
drop of household goods so far,
the packages contained cloth, plas-
tics, needles, threat, notebooks,
towels and undershirts.
The New China News Agency
broadcast a Hanoi declaration that
three American planes were shot
down.
South Viet Nam
In strikes south of the border,
a spokesman said U.S. and Viet-
namese planes destroyed or dam-
aged nearly 500 Viet Cong struc-
tures. U.S. B-52 jet bombers from
Guam struck at a Viet Cong
stronghold 35 miles northwest of
Saigon in the Bot Lot forest. Re-
sults of this foray were not re-
ported.
In the ground war, paratroopers
of the 101st Airborne Division
killed four Viet Cong in fighting
off an attack on an outpost near
Qui Nhon, the spokesman said.
The Americans were reported to
have escaped with light rcasualties
in that action, 260 miles north-
east of Saigon.

.Nam
May Exclude
All Draftees
Under Age 18
Pentagon Says Study
By Manpower Experts
Being Carried Out
WASHINGTON ()-The Pen-
tagon is taking a new look at
whether 17-year-old servicemen
should be used in Viet Nam, it
was learned yesterday.
Under current policy, most 17-
year-olds in uniform may be as-
signed duty in Viet Nam or else-
whre overseas.
The only exception is in the
case of youths who volunteer for
the draft to get their service ob-
ligation out of the way. These are
held back from overseas until they
reach 18.
Asked whether consideration is
being given to ruling out use of
17-year-olds in Viet Nam, the
Defense Department replied:
Stundy Under Way
"There is a study now under
way on this general subject. No
decision has been made"
The study is being carried out
by officials who set manpower
policies for all the armed services.
"We don't know exactly how
many 17-year-olds there are in
Viet Nam," Pentagon authorities
said.
According to official statistics,
1.8 per cent of the enlisted men
servicewide are 17. This includes
young men still in basic training.
Thus, officials said, odds are
slight that many youths of that
age are in the war zone.
Under the law, no member of
the armed forces-regardless of
age-may be shipped overseas un-
til he has finished at least four
months of basic training or its
equivalent.
Parental Consent
Military authorities noted that
17-year-olds are allowed to en-
list only with the consent of their
parents.
It is assumed, these officials
said, that such parents realize
their sons may be subject to duty
overseas, including a shooting war,
after they have completed their
basic training.
A check of all the services re-
sulted in a report that only one
17-year-old, a soldier is listed as
killed in action in Viet Nam so far.
The Marines, Navy and Air Force
said they have suffered no such
losses.
Overall, the combat death toll
stands at more than 846 service-
men, according to the last offi-
cial tally nearly a week ago.
U.S. strength in Viet Nam- is
placed officially at 148,380 men.

SALISBURY, Rhodesia 1P) -
Prime Minister Ian Smith warnedc
Prime Minister Harold Wilson yes-c
terday that, "The end of the1
road could be nearer than we
think."l
Apparently referring to a Rho-
desian declaration of independ-
nee, Smith was criticizing Wil-
son's report to Parliament that
a wide gap still existed on in-{
structions for a royal commission.1
The commission would try to work,
out a formula for independence
from British rule.
Smith in a television address to
the nation asked whether Wilson
might be about to slam the door
on last-minute moves to solve the
deadlock. Britain wants eventually
to provide Rhodesia's four million
blacks with the vote. Rhodesia is
ruled by the 225,000 whites.
Royal Commission
"The only way to reconcile the
position between the two govern-
ments as I see it is to allow the
royal commission to get on with
its work," Smith said.1
"And I sincerely hope Mr. Wil-
son and his colleagues in Britain
are not going to try to do the
work or even part of the work on
behalf of the commission before
allowing the commission to com-
mence."
Government sources said Smith
Sects Oppose
Israeli Election
TEL AVIV, Israel (M)-Religious
zealots tried in vain yesterday to
stop the voting in Israel's na-
tional election. The balloting, put-
ting David Ben-Gurion against an
old friend, Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol, may result in a political
deadlock.
Sveral hundred zealots, mem-
bers of the Naturei Karta ex-
tremist sect that advocates rule
by theocracy, demonstrated in
Jerusalem's MEA Shearim quarter.
They hoped to prevent fellow Or-
thodox Jews from voting, but
the demonstrations were unsuc-
cessful.
Deadlock may come as a result
of 79-year-old Ben-Gurion's new
Rafi Labor party.
(Prime Minister Levi Eshkol's
Mapai Labor party alignment took
an early lead yesterday in unof-
ficial and incomplete returns in
the Israeli national electionss.)
Eshkol, 70, Ben-Gurion's suc-
cessosr as head of Mapa, urged
his former close friend and asso-
ciate to return to Mapai to avoid
a deadlock and possibly new elec-
tions. But it appeared unlikely
that Ben-Gurion would heed such
a call.
Ben-Gurion split with Eshkol
over Eshkol's personal endorse-
ment of a cabinet decision to re-
habilitate former Defense Min-
ister Pinhas Lavon. Lavon was fir-
ed in 1954 after the controversy,
generally understood to have in-
volved a spy or sabotage plot that
failed and resulted in the death
of Israeli agents in Egypt.

would not allow the question of
operating conditions for a royal
commission to become the focal
point for a fresh round of drag-
ged-out negotiations. He met with
his cabinet before going on tele-
vision.
The royal commission will de-
cide if all the people of Rhodesia,
white and black, want independ-
ence under an amended constitu-
tion. Th British and Rhodesian
governments would have to agree
on the amendments.
London
In London, the British cabinet
could not agree on what the com-
mission will discuss and what in-
structions should be given it.
Commonwealth Secretary Ar-
thur Bottomley told the House of
Commons that Wilson would make
new proposals to Rhodesia on the
commission as soon as agreement
is found.
Smith promised Queen Elizabeth
II yesterday that his all-white
government will "do all in its
power" to find a solution to its -
quarrel with the British govern-
ment over independence.
Smith's promise was conveyed
in a message to the queen.

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York 36, N. Y., MICH-11-1
READ
THE DAILY

-Associated Press
A MAN WEARING the robes of a Buddhist Monk burned himself to death in Saigon's main Bud-
dhist pagoda on the second anniversary of the overthrow and assassination of President Ngo Dien
Diem. Buddhists monks examined the body, but could not determine his identity or motive.
INDONESIA:
Bulletin Reveals Communists
May Have Led Sukarno Revolt

EUROPE '66
U-M CHARTER FLIGHTS
FLIGHT 1-
MAY 3-J UNE 15
SABENA JET
FLIGHT 2-
MAY 13-AUGUST 13
TWA J ET
FLIGHT 3-
JUNE 28-AUGUST 14
BOAC JET
LOW, LOW, RATES
MASS MEETING
NOV. 22
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
PHONE MICHIGAN UNION

JAKARTA, Indonesia (P)-The
Indonesian Communist party -
PKI-was reported yesterday to
have laid down a scheme to lead
a revolution against the Indones-
ian army.
The Armed Forces Bulletin pub-
lished a document it said includ-
ed directives issued by the PKI
Central Committee after the Oct.
1 coup attempt that revealed this
plan.

The document said that the PKI
is "only supporting the Revolu-
tionary Council" that was estab-
lished by the short-lived coup. It
added if the Revolutionary Coun-
cil is crushed then the PKI will
"directly confront" the council of
generals which the coup leaders
had accused of planning to stage
a coup to overthrow President Su-
karno.
The document, which included

World News Roundup

guidelines for the party members,
said, "Later, when the revolution
would be directly led by the PKI,
we can achieve victory because the
command would be under the PKI
-our hidden strength is in the
armed forces." This is an indica-
tion that the PKI would count
on Communists who were said to
have infiltrated the ranks of the
armed forces.
So far the PKI has failed to
stage a large-scale action against
the army which is conducting a
merciless crackdown against the
Communists throughout the coun-
try.
However, in central and east
Java, the Communists have be-
gun terrorism and sabotage in lim-
ited areas. The army has launch-
ed mopup operations in these areas
which are reported to be still
tense.
The document said that when
the situation becomes "tense a
PKI national command staff
would be established to fight on
national level."

ammmmemin.m..

- - ill

..mr

By The Associated Press
MOSCOW-The foreign minis-
ters of France and the Soviet Un-
ion agreed yesterday to continue
high-level talks that could lead
eventually to a new grand design
for Soviet-French cooperation on
European security.
Then French Foreign Minister
Maurice Couve de Murville return-
ed to Paris with an invitation to
French President Charles de
Gaulle to continue the talks in
Moscow on the summit level.
A joint communique indicated
that Couve de Murville's five days
of talks with top Soviet leaders
involved little more than a broad
restatement of well-known views.

WASHINGTON - A man who
carried a baby in his arms set fire
to himself in front of the Pen-
tagon yesterday and died short-
ly thereafter.
He was identified as Norman R.
Morrison of Baltimore, Md., 31,
who was a Quaker.
An 18-month-old baby girl,
whom he held in his arms as he
set himself afire, escaped injury.

THIS SUNDAY

NEWMAN STUDENT ASSOCIATION
presents
EVENING OF SONG
with
Sister Mary Lorena, S.S.J.
Friday, Nov. 5 8:00 P.M.
Program

presents
PAUL GOODMAN
THE HONORARY ANGRY YOUNG
MAN ON THE AMERICAN CAMPUS

They're New! They're Wild!

I

They're "GI DDI EST!"
These clever little homilies
come with their own frames,
perfect for livening up any wall,
party, or conversational vacuum.

ATTENTION: FRESHMEN AND SOPHOMORES
JUNIOR YEAR ABROAD

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