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October 27, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-10-27

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and Cc
The prevailing v i e w p o i n t The
throughout official Washington at wheth
this stage of the Viet Nam war is ing uW
that immediate peace prospects of U.S
are dim and that a continued U.S. Viet N
military buildup will be necessary, begin.
The United States now has al- source
most 150,000 troops in South Viet are a
Nam. Most officials foresee an in- tions,
crease in troop strength to a new dence
total of at least 200,000 by Christ- to ent
mas. U.S.
Meanwhile, diplomats are ex- no a
ploring persistent reports of dif- could
ferences within the North Vietna- the pr
mese leadership and between Pe- gotiat:
king and Hanoi. A -ecent broad- a defi
cast over Czechoslovakia's state- In oti
owned Prague radio told of strain- tends

Ations between the Viet Cong
ommunist China.
re is also some doubt as to
er the Viet Cong are insist-
pon a complete withdrawal
S. armed forces from South
Nam before peace talks can
Some Eastern European
s claim that the Viet Cong
ttaching no such precondi-
but there is no clear evi-
as yet that they are ready
er into negotiations.
. officials claim that there is
etion which this country
take at this time to hasten
ogress toward a start of ne-
[ons, unless Hanoi indicates
inite interest in such talks,
her words, Washington con-
that the North Vietnamese

must make the first move toward
negotiations, not the U.S.
Thus, the White House sum-
marily dismissed a proposal by
Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark) call-
ing for a new halt in the bomb-
ing of North Viet Nam. White
House Press Secretary Bill Moy-
ers relayed the view of President
Johnson that there is no indica-
tion such a pause in the bomb-
ing would be productive at this
time. However, the President is
said to be willing to call a new
halt in the bombing if he gets
some indication that the chances
for peace talks would be substan-
tially improved.
Fulbright had contended that
last spring's five-day lull in the

bombing had been too brief to pro-
vide an adequate test of Hanoi's
reaction. He advocated a halt in
bombing raids for a "reasonable
length of time," probably several
Fulbright's criticism of the ad-
ministration's Viet Nam policy,
coupled with his earlier attacks
on government policy toward the
Dominican Republic, illustrated
the growing clash between the
President and the influential head
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee on foreign policy is-
sues. Fulbright complained in the
Senate last week that he was ac-
cused of being "irresponsible" and
giving comfort to American ene-
mies by criticizing the administra-
tion's policies.



The Arkansas senator emphasiz-
ed his opposition to the concept
that consensus on foreign policy
should preclude meaningful debate
or dissent.
"Insofar as it represents a gen-
uine reconciliation of differences,
a consensus is a fine thing," he
said. "Insofar as it represents the
concealment of differences, it is
a miscarriage of democratic pro-
Administration officials, partic-
ularly within the State Depart-
ment, are becoming increasingly
sensitive to charges that they are
attempting to stifle debate. They
are hopeful of a break in the Viet
Cong conflict which might lead to
a de-escalation of the intense

fighting in recent weeks, and even-
tually to further activities in the
political and diplomatic arenas.
They are therefore watching
closely for signs of division with-
in the North Vietnamese govern-
ment or between Hanoi and Pe-
king. If American military suc-
cesses over the Viet Cong increase
in size and frequency, it is felt
that Communist policy may begin
a gradual shift toward the possi-
bility of peace talks and at least
a temporary truce in the battle-
For the moment, however, of-
ficials are watching and hoping,
but see little real chance of an
early end to the fighting or a be-
ginning of negotiations.

- -



ginning of negotiations.


Parlay with
First Fruits
Agree To Give Negro
Majority Improved
Constitutional Position
SALISBURY, Rhodesia (gp) - A
crisis in Rhodesia's drive for in-
dependence was averted yesterday-
Prime Minister Ian Smith pre-
sented British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson with a formula de-
signed to give some constitutional
protection for Negroes.
"The door is not so firmly shut
now," said Trevor Hughes, Wil-
son's press secretary.
Wilson summoned Sir Elwin
Jones, the British attorney gen-
eral, to Salisbury to discuss the
legal phases of Smith's proposed
ssociated Press treaty guaranteeing Rhodesia's
mith before African majority a better consti-
mh yn tutional position. Jones will ar-
h colony in rive today.
declaration Smith offered to sign a "sol-
emn treaty" promising to abide by
the constitution after independ-
ence. Britain demands guarantees
to give Rhodesia's African major-
ity a third of the seats in Parlia-
ment needed to block unfair con-
re stitutional changes.
The treaty idea, with some sort
of built-in constitutional protec-
tion for the Africans, offers the
only clearcut avenue for further
negotiations between the British
and Rhodesian leaders.
t of the camp If nothing else, it could serve as
Is. Five tank- a dvice to buy more time, for
etnamese bat- once Rhodesia grabs for inde-
i of U.S. ar- pendence a whole new set of cir-
of the U.S. cumstances would arise, official
>bile, Division sources on both sides explained.
Britain fears Negro uprisings in
S. Marine F-4 Rhodesia and reprisals against
d into a heav- whites elsewhere in Africa.
heir approach Wilson and Smith got down to
Da Nang base, hard bargaining at a meeting that
:f Saigon, and lasted from midmorning until past
there was no noon.
Each carried In the afternoon, Wilson confer-
red with Josiah Gondo, leader of
the all-African opposition United
ting a four- People's party. The party has 10
party headed seats in the 65-member Rhodesian

Revise Church Stand
On Religious Liberty

can Ecumenical Council gave
strong approval yesterday to part
of its religious freedom declara-
tions, revised to stress Roman
Catholic belief that Catholicism
is Christianity's one true church.
The wide acceptance of the re-
vision, with many progressive prel-
ates voting for it despite'reported
misgivings, indicated the entire
historic declaration would win
overwhelming approval in the
The council reached a milestonie
in its four-year history yesterday
when it completed all scheduled
debating on its various topics. Now
it only has the business of vot-
ing on unfinished documents as
they come out of drafting commis-
sions. Presumably all will be fin-
ished early in December.
Nw Phrasing
By a vote of 2,031 to 193, the
council agreed to the new reli-
gious liberty phrasing that says
at the outset:
"Since all men are bound to
seek out truth and to embrace it
and observe it when they have
recognized it, they are likewise
bound by a sacred duty to accept
and to profess the Catholic faith1
insofar as they have been able to
recognize it."
The insertion of that phrasing
was done by the drafting commis-i
sion to answer arguments by con-
Progressive Bishops UpsetI
Progressive bishops were de-i
scribed by council theologians as1
upset over adding such stress ont
a point already known as being a

Catholic belief in a document
dealing with religious liberty.
The vote was the first and the
pacesetter out of 11 ballots to be
taken on declarations. Other votes
were taken, but results were not
ing votes today are on the heart
announced. Those and the remain-
of the text, which says all men
have the inalienable right to fol-
low their conscience on religion
without outside coercion.
Married Meni
To Face Draft
By The Associated Press
Married men without childrenI
will face the draft by January in
many parts of the country. Sev-
eral states will start inducting
them even sooner.
This was disclosed after an an-
nouncement yesterday by the Se-
lective Service System in Wash-
ington that restrictions have been
lifted on drafting men married be-
for Aug. 26.
Agency officials in at least eight
states said plans are under way
to start drafting married men
without children in December.
This will include men in the 19-
26 age group, with older -men in
the bracket to be inducted first.
Most of the state Selective Serv-
ice directors say scholastic defer-
ments and the number of single
men rejected by the draft boards
have cut into the pool of eligible
unmarried men available for the
increased draft calls.

- ' ,
j sss
r campus


capers. . .wool and nylon melton coat

their meeting today which temporarily averted a crisis over independence for the Britis
central Africa. The talks were a last minute effort by Wilson to head off a unilateral
of independence by Smith who wishes to preserve white minority rule in Rhodesia.
Viet Cong Continue Pressul
On Battered Plei Me Positi

with contrasting piped trim. White/
loden, loden/black. 5-13 sizes. 45.00
Jacobson's WJ.A4t

SAIGON toP)-The Viet Cong at-
tacked the battered Plei Me special
forces camp again yesterday and
kept it under pressure from one
side despite breaking of their
week-old siege lines by a strong
U.S. and Vietnamese relief force.
Military authorities said the
Red guerrillas opened up with
mortars and recoilless rifles short-
ly after noon and penetrated from
the southwest to within 20 yards
of the outer perimeter of the
camp, a heavily churned 21/2 acres
of ground 210 miles northeast of

U.S. jets swarmed in and helped
with bombs and cannon fire to
repulse the attack. Skirmishing
developed later southwest of the
camp. Military spokesmen said
they had no details. But it was
believed government patrols had
run into guerrilla entrenchments.
By 8 p.m. all was reported com-
paratively quiet again.
Five Battalions
The Viet Cong evidently re-
grouped to the southwest after re-
lief forces, which started moving
in Monday night, set up a base

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press LONDON-Britain's House of
UNITED NATIONS-The United Commons went back to work yes-
States proposed yesterday that the terday with the Labor government
United Nations turn over to the still in control by the same three-
17-nation committee in Geneva vote majority and a Laborite in-
the rival U.S. and Soviet draft stalled as speaker for the first
treaties aimed at halting the time in history.
spread of nuclear weapons. Members returned from a sum-
But the U.S. move met with mer recess of almost three months
immediate objection from the So- ready for the political that are
viet Union, which declared that bound to, intensify.
the proposal would only delay The opposition Conservatives
agreement on a treaty. are regrouping under a new lead-
The United States submitted a er, Edward Heath. The Liberals,
resolution to the UN General As- with nine votes that could spell
sembly's Main Political Committee the difference between life and
urging that the Geneva negotia- death for the government in close
tors give top priority to the ques- ballots, are bargaining for a great-
tion. er voice.
Halloween (
Cards 0




I I 11 I11 I1 1


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