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September 19, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-19

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Erhard Win Predicted as German

Vote Nears


West German voters march to
the polls in record numbers today,
with most diplomatic observers
rating Chancellor Ludwig Erhard's
Christian Democratic party a
slight favorite to win.
Today's fifth West German elec-
tion since the end of World War
II marks a milestone in history,
since a new generation made up of
more than three million Germans
born between 1940 and 1944 will
be voting for the first time.
Erhard's chief opponent, Social
Democrat Willy Brandt, mayor of
West Berlin, has conducted a vig-
orous campaign which may result
in a loss for the Christian Demo-

crats, who now hold a comfort-
able 308 to 190 majority in the
Bundestag, the West German par-
liament. If Brandt's party does
well enough, it could force its way
into a coalition government with
Erhaid's Christian Democrats.
Such a coalition could pave the
way for an all-out Social Demo-
cratic victory in 1969.
Little Change
Whatever party wins, little
change in West Germany's foreign
policies is likely. The nation will
continue to support the U.S. in
its drive for an integrated Atlan-
tic alliance, but it would refuse
any major aid in the Viet Nam
war. It would try to reconcile

French President Charles de
Gaulle to his partners in the
Common Market. It would seek
better relations with the Soviet
Union and its East European sa-
tellites, but would avoid official
contact with East Germany's
Communist regime.
Erhard has enjoyed great popu-
larity since he inherited the
Chancellorship from Konrad Ade-
nauer in 1963. He is seen as the
personification of West Germany's
economic prosperity, and during
his Chancellorship, the economic
expansion has continued. The
West German gross national pro-
duct is the highest in Europe
and is increasing by at least five

per cent yearly. The West Ger-
man mark is among the world's
most stable currencies. Each year
sees new record incomes and un-
employment is nonexistent.
More Conservative
The Social Democrats have be-
come more conservative during
this campaign in an attempt to
widen their appeal. They are now
more conservative than Britain's
Labor Party, and oppose all na-
tionalization of industry. In fact,
under Brandt, the Social Demo-
crats have focused on issues such
as monetary stability, a balanced
budget, the danger of inflation
and the neglect of scientific re-
search to spur economic growth.

All three parties, including the
right-wing Free Democrats, are
committed to work for German re-
unification. Brandt has pledged
to confer with Russia in an at-
tempt to persuade the Soviets to
reunify Germany.
Adenauer Runs
Former Chancellor Adenauer,
who at the age of 89 still exerts
a major influence on West Ger-
man politics, is running for his
fifth term in the Bundestag from
Bonn and is expected to win eas-
ily. In his campaign, Adenauer
has attacked the U.S. proposals
on disarmament made at the 17-
nation Geneva conference. These
proposals are "monstrous" and

open the way to the "surrender"
of Germany to Russia, Adenauer
Adenauer is also hostile towards
Erhard, both on personal and po-
litical grounds. Adenauer has call-
ed for greater independence in
West German foreign and de-
fense policy and a reorientation
away from Washington towards
Erhard has been preoccupied
with the challenge of the Social
Democrats led by Brandt. He
knows that if the Christian Demo-
crats' margin in the Bundestag
is significantly reduced, the be-
ginning of the end of his regime
would be near.



TIME: 2:00 P.M.
Michigan Room









Paper Strike
Advances To
Third Day
New York Mediator
Says 'Complicated'
Issue Unresolved
NEW YORK (AP)-The chances
of weekend settlement of the
newspaper strike-shutdown here
faded yesterday. Mediator Theo-
dore W. Kheel reported the main
issues are more profound and go
a lot deeper" than he had thought.
With six other publishers sus-
pending their newspapers in sym-
pathy with the struck New York
Times, the city's one remaining
major daily, the Post, doubled its
press run for Sunday editions, to
about 600,000 copies.
Kheel said that in the first
hours of negotiations on this third
day of the strike only one "very
complicated" issue was discussed
and neither the Times nor the
striking New York Newspaper
Guild changed positions.
One of Four
This issue alone-which he re-
fused to identify among the four
main disputes-might take all day
and Sunday to clear up, Kheel
The Guild demanded job pro-
tection against automation and
mergers, a voice in the introduc-
tion of labor-saving devices, a
requirement that all workers it
represents be compelled to join
the Guild, and improved pensions
and severance pay.
The Times, which had granted
automation job protection to
printers, offered this to Guilds-
men employed as of last March
31, refused to give the Guild a
veto on automation, rejected the
union membership requirement
and expressed willingness to work
out pension and severance mat-
Wages Settled
Wages are not an issue. The
Guild previously indicated it
would be governed by the $12
money- package given the printers
a few months ago.
Kheel, instrumental in settling
New York's 114-day, $250-million
newspaper blackout of 1962-63,
was called back from a vacation
in Europe -by by Mayor Robert F.
Wagner only hours before the
Guild struck at 8 a.m. Thursday.
At first, he indicated that a
settlement might be worked out
in time for the Times to publish
its Friday editions. But the opti-
mism vanished as nine other news-
paper unions refused to cross
Guild picket lines and the Pub-
lishers Association of New York
City suspended publication of
member newspapers.
These are the morning Daily
News and Herald Tribune and the
afternoon World-Telegram and
Sun, Journal-American, Long Is-
land Press and Long Island Star-
Journal. The Long Island Press
continued to publish noncity edi-
17,000 Idle
The stalemate idled 17,000 work-
ers and stopped circulation of four
million daily newspapers and six
million on Sunday.
The afternoon and Sunday Post,
which withdrew from the associa-
tion during the 1962-63 strike, re-
mained in publication.
A Post spokesman said the paper
increased its press run Friday "by
about 30 per cent to about 500,000.
Saturday, for the weekend edition,
we about doubled our normal pro-

--Associated Press

ALONE IN QUI NHON BAY, an American frogm an sits on wing of Air Force C130 freighter that
crashed yesterday, killing a t least five soldiers.
Rights Groups NoweF Unified
Despite Defeat in Congress

Fight Brings
U.S. Jet Aid
87 American Planes
Hit Ground Targets
In North Viet Namn
SAIGON (IP) - Troops of the
101st Airborne were reported
locked in vicious fighting yester-
day with an unknown number of
Viet Cong in mountainous country
northeast of An Khe, a U.S. mil-
itary spokesman said.
The fighting began shortly after
elements of the 10st began an
operation yesterday morning, the
spokesman said. The fighting
raged throughout the day, he said,
and at midafternoon was termed
No indication was given of the
number of U.S. paratroopers in-
volved, but casualties were off i-
ciaily described as light. The
ground troops were supported by
U.S. jet aircraft.
Small Arms
The spokesman said the Viet
Cong opened up with vicious small
arms attack shortly after the
paratroopers were lifted into the
area by helicopter.
Elements of the 101st have
been conducting daily actions in
the An Khe area, where the st
Cavalry Division is. Patrols have
fought light engagements pre-
viously with the Viet Cong in the
region, but they have not met
with larger than platoon-size
units of Viet Cong.
Ground action elsewhere was
relatively light.
Marine patrols around the big
air base at Da Nang killed seven
Viet Cong and came away with
light losses, a spokesman reported.
At Ben Cat, 30 miles north of
Saigon troops of the U.S. 173rd
Airborne killed two Viet Cong and
wounded another in an allied push
to set up a base in an area long
dominated by the Communists.
Besides Americans and South
Vietnamese, this operation also
involves Australians and New Zea-
Hit Checkpoint
A platoon of guerrillas attacked
a police checkpoint 10 miles
northwest of Saigon but were
driven off after a 10 minute fight.
The Viet Cong also overran a
village headquarters at Cam Ha,
32 miles south of Da Nang. The
Vietnamese popular forces squad
there was reported missing after
the attack.
Officials gave this account of
air activity:
-U.S. planes flew 173 sorties
in South Viet Nam between late
Friday and early yesterday.
-In North Viet Nam, 87 planes
carried o u t missions against
ground targets. In one of the
larger strikes, 12 Skyhawks from
the U.S. 7th Fleet carrier Midway
hammered an army barracks and
supply area at Vinh. Pilots report-
ed three buildings destroyed and
three others damaged.
Jet Downed
-A U.S. Air Force F105 jet was
shot down by North Vietnamese
groundfire Friday 65 miles south-
east of Dien Bien Phu. No para-
chute was seen and a search and
rescue effort was ended.
An investigation was under way
in the second bombing of the de-
militarized zone that separates
North and South Viet Nam.
South Vietnamese officials de-

scribed the planes as unidentified
but possibly American. Reliable
informants at Da Nang said 19
persons were killed, including

Plan Course
Of Protests
Idea Session Offers
Five Point Program
For Definite Action
(Continued from Page 1)
Prof. Richard Mann of the psy-
chology department, member of
t h e Inter-University Committee,
noted that in the past, good ideas_
have failed because of the nature
of the individual involved in peace
movements: everyone has specific
ideas of organization, and no one
will agree to anyone else's plans.
Through the political mobiliza-
tion on Washington, groups op-
posing the escalation of the war
in Viet Nam hope to place suffi-
cient political pressure on Presi-
dent Johnson to counteract the
pressure from military advisors
and Republicans who accuse
Johnson of a soft-line with every
peace overture.
Among the supporters of the
mobilization are Arthur Miller,
Dr. Spock, and Dr. Martin Luther
The international teach-in in
Toronto will be broadcast rhrough-
out the United States and Canada.
Five sessions will be held: discus-
sions on the relationship of Rus-
sia's and United States' foreign
policy to the question of interven-
tion, the Dominican situation,
Viet Nam, the right of a nation
to self-determination, and a cit-
izen's moral obligations in rela-
tion to his country's foreign policy.
Speakers from the Dominican
Republic, Cambodia, Saigon and
the National Liberation Front
have been invited to speak over
the networks.
T h e International Conference
for Alternative Perspectives on
Viet Nam ended yesterday, its fifth
day. It brought an impressive list
of names, headed by playwright
Arthur Miller. Lord Fenner-Brock-
way, Labor member of the House
of Lords and chairman of the
British Council for Peace in Viet
Nam; Makota Oda, Japanese nov-
elist; and Emil Mazey, secretary-
treasurer of United Auto Work-
ers, were other prominent mem-
Student demonstrations and the
controversial SNCC Fishbowl sign
that charged Americans in Viet
Nam with comitting war crimes, j
marked the five days.

Wayne State University
Eastern Michigan
Central Michigan
Western Michigan
Northern Michigan
Michigan Technological Institute

Grand Valley


by l -





Vanity Fair's Lovely Lace Bra
built on a flat flexi-wire frame.
Perfect separation makes for a youthful


S.G.C. Committee on the University Bookstore

bust line.


B, C, and D Cups.
A A 7

of Ann Arbor

WASHINGTON (P)-The battle
to unseat five Mississippi white
congressmen was lost but the
civil rights movement scored a
gain in the fight, a leading
churchman said yesterday.
Dr. Robert W. Spike, director of
the Commission on Religion and
Race of the National Council of
Churches, said a newfound spirit
of unity among the civil rights
groups will lead to more congres-
sional challenges to Southern
"Since the. Democratic Conven-
tion at Atlantic City we've had a
fairly serious split in the move-
ment," Dr. Spike said in an in-
"The joining together to back
the Mississippi Freedom Demo-
cratic Party was the most unified
action since then. Everybody back-
ed it."

Dr. Spike said a highlight of
last week came during a meeting
Tuesday night of the National
Leadership Conference on Civil
Rights-an amalgamation of more
than 10( union, church and civil
rights groups.
Fight Dismissal
Within minutes, Dr. Spike said,
the leadership conference voted
unanimously to "work for the de-
feat of any motion to dismiss the
challenge." At the meeting were
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. of the
Southern Christian Leadership
Conference, James Farmer of the
Congress of Racial Equality, John
Lewis, and Bayard Rustin of the
A. Phillip Randolph Institute in
New York.
"Since Reconstruction the House
has been sacrosanct," said Dr.
Spike. "This challenge brought

the problem right into the heart
of the national legislature and
struck where the legislators are
most vulnerable-their own seat
in Congress." He said 40 success-
ful challenges were brought dur-
ing Reconstruction.
Significant Vote
"It is very significant that on
the final roll call we got 143 votes
despite the fact that the liberal
Democratic leadership in the Con-
gress fought us every way," he
The House voted 228-143 to
dismiss the challenge but, Dr.
Spike said, "There was no way
of predicting how the vote was
going to go. Many did not follow
the Democratic leadership.
"This means Congress will be
the scene of more struggles. There
will be more challenges than we've
ever had before."



This year we are
concerned with the
rotal Economic Welfare
of All Students

2514 SAB

[ World News Roundup


By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson definitely will meet with
Pope Paul VI in New York City
on Oct. 4.
While such a meeting has been
anticipated, the formal announce-
ment came Saturday from the
White House which said Johnson
is looking forward to the occasion.
This will be the fourth meeting
between an American president
and a reigning pontiff of the Ro-
man Catholic Church but the
first on American soil.
Pope Paul will be in New York
for 13 hours, principally to ad-
dress the United Nations and to
celebrate an evening Mass for

The Izvestia article quoted let-
ters and documents purporting to
back up Soviet charges that
George Niponich, an exhibit guide
expelled from the country last
month, was a German spy. The
exhibit was then in Minsk.
* * *
BEIRUT, Lebanon-Iraqui Pres-
ident Abdel Salam Aref returned
to Baghdad yesterday-where an
attempted coup failed to unseat
him last Thursday, Baghdad radio
The surprise announcement fol-
lowed a Cairo report that Aref
would stay overnight in the Egyp-
tian capital en route to Beirut
from the Arab summit conference

and timber, destroyed about 120
houses and killed more than 700
hogs, sheep and cattle.
A volunteer fire fighter from
Latrone was killed; 16 foresters
have been slightly hurt.
* * *
police said yesterday a telephone
caller's assassination warning,
first thought to be meant for
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller and Lt.
Gov. Malcolm Wilson, really was
directed to the governor of Mary-
Police pressed a search for the
unidentified man.
John D. Steinmetz, state police
investigator, said telephone com-
nan~t snnrin,.c hriArpnnrtpri oA



Please attend our
General Organizational
Meelina Tonight.

0 At tonight's meeting we will be



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