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September 16, 1965 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-16

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'Chinese Aid to Pakistan

Widens Sino-Soviet Breach

Soviet-Communist Chinese re-
lations, already at a low ebb, seem
likely to reach a new nadir be-
cause of the hot war between In-
dia and Pakistan, according to
diplomatic observers in Washing-
The Soviet Union, which has
been exerting its influence in an
attempt to convince the warring
nations to settle their deep-seated
disputes -at the conference table,
is deeply troubled. by the spectre
of a power vacuum on the Asian
subcontinent into which Peking
could easily move.

Despite acrimony between Wash-
ington and Moscow over U.S. poli-
cy in Viet Nam, unprecedented
Soviet-American cooperation to
help end the new Asian war is
reported from the United Nations
and Washington.
In its official government state-
ments, Russia has blasted Chi-
nese interference in the India-
Pakistan conflict.
"Incendiary statements a n d
threats may cause the present de-
velopments to escalate into an
even bigger confrontation," Mos-
cow has warned.
"Those whose inciting state-
ments, whose policy, help fan the

conflict must be warned by the
entire world, by all states, that
they assume a heavy responsibility
for such actions, the statement
The only nations which have
made anything resembling incit-
ing statements apart from India
and Pakistan are Communist Chi-
na and Indonesia. Supporting its
new friend Pakistan, Peking has
verbally attacked India and has
ridiculed United Nations attempts
to mediate the conflict. Even more
dangerous, China has massed hun-
dreds of thousands of soldiers on
its border with India, possibly
preparing for new incursions into

Indian territory as a diversionary
tactic. As for Indonesia, it has en-
couraged anti-Indian violence in
its own capital, Jakarta.
Moscow is clearly worried by
the possibility that the India-
Pakistan war may escalate as out-
side powers become drawn into the
,onflict. As an industrially ad-
vanced, economically growing
power, the Soviet Union's revolu-
tionary fervor for military adven-
tures has waned considerably.
Russia is now content to pursue
its leadership of the Communist
movement through economic and
political means. A hot war in Asia
contributes to instability on Rus-

sia's southern flank, and thus wor-
ries leaders in Moscow just as
much as it causes furrowed brows
in Washington.
Peking is likely to respond
harshly to the latest Soviet state-
ments. China is basing much of
its foreign policy upon support for
"people's wars" against U.S. "im-
perialism" throughout the under-
developed world. The Red Chinese
claim that Russia's fear of hot
wars is slowing down the spread'
of the world Communist move-
ment. In Peking's eyes, the Rus-
sians have become almost as bour-
geois as the United States and
thus has no right to the claim of

leadership of world Communism.
The Soviets are willing to sacri-
fice Communist advances for world
peace, the Chinese charge, and
thus aid the United States rather
than the Communist world.
At this point, the Viet Nain war
is the only issue blocking the way
toward a further relaxation of ten-
sions between Washington and
Moscow, and a consequent politi-
cal isolation of Communist China.
Undoubtedly aware of their po-
tentially weak position, the Chi-
nese are likely to become increas-
ingly strident and militaristic in
the next few months, while at the
same time risking no military

move which might place their priz-
ed atomic installations in danger
of American attack.
Russia's eagerness to support
U.S. efforts to end the Indian-
Pakistani conflict may well signal
a desire to help find a solution
to the Viet Nam war. Officials
in Washington are closely study-
ing Soviet newspapers and broad-
casts to find a hint of a shift in
position on Viet Nam.
The hope is that if Russia of-
ficially endorses negotiations on
Viet Nam and uses its increasing
influence upon Hanoi as a lever,
an end to the fighting in Viet
Nam might be nearer than most

officials expect. The fighting be-
tween India and Pakistan may
helo :rovide Moscow with a pre-
text to attack Communist Chi-
nese tactics throughout Southeast
Asia with a view toward stabliz-
ing that area, which has .now be-
come the world's most explosive
trouble spot.
However, if recent indications
of a power shift in the Kremlin
prove correct, the situation could
be radically altered with Russia
becoming more sympathetic to the
Chinese and less interested in
stabilizing the Asian situation.
American actions in such a sit-
uation are difficult to predict.





Council for
New Talks,
Crisis 'Worst Ever'
To Face UN Since
Organization's Start
NEW YORK (M)-Ambassador
to the United Nations Arthur
Goldberg said Wednesday the In-
dia-Pakistan crisis could be the
most serious ever faced by the
international organization, and its
"potential. consequences are truly
Goldberg said in a question-
and-answer period after a speech
at the Overseas Press Club that
he could not comment on the re-
sults of the trip of UN Secretary-
General U Thant to the subcon-
tinent until he receives a report
following Thant's return here
He said the United States sup-
ports fully Thant's efforts to
reach a peaceful solution, "but I
can't say now what shape a peace-
ful solution might take."
The former U.S. Supreme Court
justice, asked if he thought the
United Nations could intervene
successfully in the Vietnamese
war without the issue being
brought before the world body
formally by the United States, re-
plied: "Yes, I do."
Goldberg said one of the United
Nations' most effective weapons
is quiet diplomacy.
His own "sounding out" of the
secretary-general and UN mem-
bers led him to believe this was
the best way of trying to bring
about a solution, in Viet Nam,
Goldberg said.
"Quiet diplomacy is going on,"
he added.
Security Council
Goldberg, Security Council
President for September summon-
ed the council to meet Friday to
resume debate on the India-
Pakistan fighting.
The council will meet in the
afternoon also to consider recom-
mending the Maldive Islands and
Singapore for UN membership.
Secretary-General U Thant is
due Thursday from Pakistan and
India, where he tried in vain for
a cease-fire. A UN spokesman said
he would submit a report to the
By The Associated Press
balked yesterday at a provision
removing the governor's veto pow-
er over antipoverty projects and
sent a $1.78-billion authorization
bill back to the Senate.
By a vote of 208 to 179, the
House adopted a motion by Rep.
William H. Ayres (R-Ohio), call-
ing on the House conferees to in-
sist that a mild form of veto ap-
proved earlier by the House be re-
tained in the final bill.
The Senate stripped all veto
power over the two types of pro-
jects from its bill and in a joint
House-Senate conference the Sen-
ate view prevailed.
Republicans attacked the House
conferees for yielding on the
issue, however, and forced a roll-
call vote on the motion calling for
the conference to be resumed.

HELICOPTERS AIRLIFT AMERICAN and Australian troops in a move yesterday on a
stronghold. Losses were reported to be light in that action.
U.S. Planes Strike in Viet 1
As Ground Fighting Contin

l Pakistanis
Stop Indian
U Thant's Mission
Ends; Pakistan Hints
Plebiscite Backdown
NEW DELHI- (')-Fighting was
reported on three major fronts of
the India-Pakistan conflict yes-
terday while U.N. Secretary-Gen-
eral U Thant left for New York
without the cease-fire he sought.
A government spokesman in
Rawalpindi said Pakistani forces
repulsed Indian attacks in Lahore
sectors and maintained "constant
pressure on the enemy" in the
Khem sector. There also were re-
ports of continued air action.
Thant said he thought both
sides went to stop fighting. He is
due in New York today and the
Security Council will meet Friday
to resume debate on the conflict.
Mission Fails
In New Delhi, Prime Minister
Lal Bahadur Shastri said Thant's
mission had failed to bring peace
sociated Press to the subcontinent and that the
Viet Cong war must be pressed against
"It should be clear to all that
the defensive operations in which
am our armed forces are engaged
must continue with unabated
vigor," the government radio
quoted Shastri as saying.
While informed sources said
eTuesday that Shastri was giving
serious consideration to a cessa-
tion of hostilities, it was President
oving on a Mohammed Ayub Khan of Paki-
s the troops stan who talked peace yesterday
ong holed up Definite Role
kers and re- Ayub told a news conference at
out. A gre- Rawalpindi that President John-
;o one open- son should be the peacemaker be-
orted women cause "the United States can play
in the net- a very definite role by telling India
e among the and Pakistan she will not stand
for this struggle."
Guam-based Ayub declared that "we are to.
Zone D, 30 day faced with a battle of surviva
Saigon in of Pakistan and we are fighting
It was the that battle.
ras o the "There must be an honorable
raid of the settlement over Kashmir," h
ammered the added. "Meanwhile we are facec
the big par- with this life and death struggle
rst by Viet- and we are determined to wage it
ast year. whatever the cost."
s cPlebiscite
es continued But when asked whether Paki-
h Viet Nam, stan still stood by its declaratior
Khoai mill- that there must be a plebiscite ir
miles west- Kashmir within three months
U.S. planes Ayub said, "It's a matter that ca
Tuesday and be negotiated." This was the firs'
time any Pakistani official ha
a U.S. Navy said that the vote question coul
ashed at sea be negotiated.
f Saigon and In Washington, Johnson reaf
ed dead. firmed U.S. support for U.N. ef
Vietnameseforts, but kept the way open fo
-old govern- an American role in ending th
miles south- conflict.
base of Da Ayub's statement was a surpris
for 167 dead to U.S. policymakers, and inquir
itary sources ies as to just what he had in min
y body count. on a U.S. role were being mad
was reported of the Pakistani government.
in a Com- Heavy Casualties
in the area. A Pakistani military spokesma
okesman said said the Indians have suffere
lled mn actionheavy casualties in Sialkot sector
ling Sept. 11 southeast of Rawalpindi.
wounded. On the Lahore front, the In.
rne dians were said to have launche
ghlands, ele- artillery and a r m o r attack
Airborne Di- against the Pakistanis, but th

area around spokesman said these were stop-
00 troops of ped. Lahore, West Pakistan's sec-
ry Airmobile and city, is only 10 miles from the
up camp, re- border and opposite Amritsar, the
d three Viet holy city of India's bearded Sikhs.
26 sunects.mr- -- 41-a- .- f ^"

Calls LBJ
Faultless in
Latin Crisis
Fuilbright Criticizes
Diplomatic Advice in
Dominican Republic
Fulbright (D-Ark) ripped into
United States policy in the Domin-
ican crisis, terming it a failure
and blaming that failure on "faul-
ty advice" given President John-
son by his diplomats on the scene.
At first, Fulbright said yester-
day, the U.S. was guilty of "over-
timidity"-choosing to do nothing.
In the end, he said, came "over-
action" in panic that "the revolu-
tion was Communist-dominated,
or would certainly become so,"
and produce another Cuba.
"The danger to American lives
was more a pretext than a reason.
for the massive U.S. intervention,"
Fulbright said, and is likely in
the long run to have the effect of 3
promoting Communism in Latin
At least the U.S. should have
gotten consent from its Latin-
American allies before intervening,
,he said.
The senator said the U.S. would
have been justified in the eyes
of its neighbors by landing a small
force and promptly withdrawing
it after evacuating all Americans.
Aiming his attack at the diplo-
mats, Fulbright said the President
"on the basis of the information
and counsel he received" could
hardly have acted other than he
'"It is very difficult, to under-
stand, however, why so much un-
sound advice was given him," Ful-
bright said.
Fulbright, chairman of the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee,
put forth his views in a lengthy
statement, much of which he de-
livered in a Senate speech. It cap-
ped disagreement within his com-
mittee so sharp that a study of
U.S. intervention in the Dominican
crisis has produced no reports by
the group, with none expected.

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SAIGON (/P) -U.S., Australian
and New Zealand troops probed in
the jungles near Saigon with
South Vietnamese paratroopers in
an attempt yesterday to wrest
control of an area long held by
the Viet Cong. A U.S. spokesman
reported no major contact, how-
Troops in the joint operation
fanned out from the district town
of Ben Cat, 30 miles north of
Saigon in Binh Duong Province.
The area, being cleared to es-
tablish a U.S. base, has been con-
sidered one where the Viet Cong
always was waiting and ready.
Rain pelted down as the troops
struggled through the s o g g y
The forces drew sporadic sniper

and mortar fire, the spokesman
said. No U.S. casualties were re-
ported but Australian and New
Zealand troops took light losses,
he said.
The operation began Tuesday
when 1,100 Vietnamese paratroops,
accompanied by U.S. advisers,
jumped in a driving rain onto a
plain in the rubber plantation and
jungle country.
Elements of the U.S. Arm'y's
173rd Airborne Brigade, Austra-
lian and New Zealand contingents
moved in by ground convoy and
helicopter lift.
One truck moving along High-
way 13, a favorite Viet Cong am-
bush spot, struck a mine. Some
New Zealanders were wounded.
A patrol from the 173rd came

d News Roundup

under fire while m
plantation village. A,
moved in, the Viet Cc
in underground bunk
fused orders to come
nade was thrown int
ing. A newsman rep
and children hiding
work of trenches wer
In the air war,
U.S. B52s hit a su
Cong installation in
miles northeast of
Bien Hoa Province.
24th announced B52
war. Tuesday, B52s hi
Ben Cat area before
atroop drop, the fi
namese troops since 1
Air Strike
U.S. Air Force plan
heavy strikes in Nort
attacking the Yon
tary barracks 35
northwest of Hanoi.
hit the same target'
In South Viet Nam
plane on a strike cr
145 miles southwest a
the pilot was presum
In ground fighting
sources said a 10-day
ment operation 131
west of the big U.S.
Nang has accounted
Viet Cong. U.S. mil:
confirmed 122 dead b:
A U.S. Army adviser
among the wounded
munist mortar attack
A U.S. military spc
17 Americans were ki
during the week end
and 58 others wereA
101st Airbo
In the central hii
ments of the 101st
vision clearing the
An Khe, where 5,0(
the U.S. 1st Caval
Division are setting i
ported they wounde
(nno- and detained


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the council and
unity efforts.

for Christian

HAYNEVILLE, Ala.-A county
grand jury refused yesterday to
indict a special sheriff's deputy
for murder in the killing of a civil
rights worker and charged him
with manslaughter instead.
The jury's failure to return a
first - degree murder indictment
against Thomas L. Coleman, 55,
of Hayneville for the shotgun
slaying of young seminary student
Jonathan Daniels of Keene, N.H.,
brought a quick promise of further
court action from Alabama Atty.
Gen. Richmond Flowers.
Daniels, 27, was killed by a
shotgun blast, and a fellow civil
rights volunteer, the Rev. Rich-
ard Morrisroe, 26, a Catholic
priest from Chicago, was wound-
ed outside a weather-beaten
Hayneville grocery store the af-
ternoon of Aug. 20.
!'nl m ro n 'hm ls..x . - r-n

subcommittee's r e p o r t without
substantial change.
Included was language saying
there was no intention to fore-
close the House from unseating
incumbent members. The report
also recommended a committee
review of procedures for handling
such cases in the future, particu-
larly if they involve violations of
the Voting Rights Act.
Final action is expected in the
House Friday.
WASHINGTON - Senate and
House conferees on a $46.7-billion
defense appropriation bill agreed
yesterday to accept strong Senate
language barring a realignment of
Army Reserve units without ex-
press approval of Congress.
The administration had pro-
posed earlier this year a consoli-
dation of National Guard and
Reserve components.
The original House version of
the hill avnided the onntrnversv

. S

Friday and Saturday
11 :00 to 4:30
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