TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14,196b
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 196i~ THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
Goal as 5000 Troops Land
Estimate 50,00 More
Troops to S.E. Asia
By End of Year
By The Associated Press
The speed of the U.S. military
buildup in Viet Nam was partly
disclosed yesterday by Secretary of
State Dean Rusk who. said the
125,000-man goal President John-
son set July 28 already has been
Rusk gave no new figures but
said "I think the numbers are
somewhat larger." He added that
he does not think an exact new
goal has been selected.
Told of Buildup
The secretary spoke briefly to
newsmen about the buildup after
briefing the Senate Foreign Re-
lations Committee on the tensions
It has been known that the
125,000 figure would be raised
but not precisely how much or
how rapidly. Johnson himself
made it clear in setting that goal
in July that "additional forces will
be needed later, and they will be
Some unofficial estimates are
that 50,000 more troops may flow
into the war zone by the end of
The 125,000 goal, in fact, is
being exceeded with the arrival
of the 20,000 members of the 1st
Cavalry Division, Airmobile, which
began landing its main forces
Monday at Qui Nhon. No specific
%figures were provided in South
Viet Nam, but military authorities
had announced that U.S. troop
strength in the embattled Asian
country had reached 107,600 last
This is a buildup from the 23,000
U.S. forces in South Viet Nam at
the beginning of this year. The
American commitment has risen
steadily since the end of 1961.
Began with Taylor
The rise in U.S. forces began
after Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor,
then the late President John F.
Kennedy's chief military adviser,
made a survey of the deteriora-
tion in the area and recommended
increased American support for
the South Vietnamese forces.
Soon after Taylor's mission, the
number rose from 785 to 2000. By
the end of 1962 the total stood at
11,000. A year later there were
15,500 Americans in Viet Nam
and in the fall of 1964 this rose
Johnson, in his July 18 an-
nouncement, said he was sending
50,000 more Americans to bolster
the anti-Communist forces, linked
it to raising draft calls from 17,000
a month to 35,000 "over a period of
time" and stepping up the volun-
tary enlistment campaign.
UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR to South Viet Nam Henry Cabot Lodge watches as new troops
of the First Cavalry Division landed on the beach at Qui Nhon yesterday. The troops were brought
by ship from the U.S. Lodge served with the old First Cavalry in 1930.
Met by Lodge
Goal of 125,000 Men
SAIGON, South Viet Nam ()-
Five thousand more Americans
swarmed ashore Monday in South
Viet Nam, continuing the biggest
single U.S. troop landing of the
As the "Flying Horsemen" of
the U.S. Army's 1st Cavalry Di-
vision, Airmobile, moved up the
beach, they were met by heli-
copters-and U.S. Ambassador
Henry Cabot Lodge.
Lodge, introducing himself as
the only old horse cavalry soldier
in Viet Nam, shook hands with
troops before they boarded the
helicopters to be airlifted to secret
bases, believed to be in South
Viet Nam'secentral highlands.
The arrival of the Ist Cavalry.
which recently took over the
colors and the name of the old
1st Cavalry Division, pushed
American troop strength in South
Viet Nam past-President Johnson's
announced goal of 125,000. No
figures were disclosed, but U.S.
military authorities announced
last week that U.S. troop strength
i South Viet Nam had reached
the 107,600 mark.
Advance elements of the 1st
Cavalry began landing Sunday at
Qui Nhon, 260 miles northeast of
Saigon on the South China Sea.
The division, especially trained
for guerrilla warfare and using
helicopters for mobility, is ex-
pected to be deployed in the cen-
tral highlands. Its home base is
Ft. Benning, Ga. the ships Buck-
ner and Darby stood by as the
troops went ashore. The Buckner
brought 2,180 men, and the Darby
A spokesman said other troops
are expected to land soon but had
been delayed at sea by a typhoon.
Elsewhere in Viet Nam, U.S.
military spokesmen reported:
-U.S. planes kept up bombing
of a Mekong River delta area
where a Viet Cong regiment-
normally 2000 men-was believed
encamped 50 miles west of Soc
Trang. The planes were trying to
hit canals which the Communists
might use to escape. U.S. officials
said they believed the guerrillas
were trapped in the region but
ground troops were not committed
because of heavy rain and the
large size of the Viet Cong force.
-No air strikes were reported
in North Viet Nam, but a military
spokesman said this did not neces-
sarily mean none was made.
-Units of the U.S. Army's 173rd
Airborne clashed with Communist
guerrillas near Bien Hoa, 12 miles
northwest of Saigon, and killed
one Viet Cong.
i.. t K 7?.
WEA(; ,' a
Renovation of Church to
Continue in Last Session
VATICAN CITY (P)-The Vati-
can Ecumenical Council begins
its fourth and final session Tues-
day to complete efforts to modern-
ize the Roman Catholic Church.
Pope Paul VI and more than
2000 bishops from around the
world officially begin the session
at dusk with a procession of pen-
ance from Rome's Church of the
Holy Cross to the St. John Lateran
Working sessions begin Wed-
nesday, and the church fathers
have 11 documents-or topics-to
There was talk in the Vatican
of winding up this ecumenical
council, called first by Pope John
XXIII in 1962, by Christmas.
The Pope will be the central
figure of a religious ceremony in
St. Peter's Basilica and will de-
liver an address.
Its theme was not known, but
the Pope warned his bishops two
days ago in an encyclical letter
against a too liberal course in
seeking church renewal.
His council speech is expected
to encourage the bishops to move
along with the final agenda of fall but was put off at the last
11 topics while respecting the minute because a few bishops
basic body of Catholicism's dog- wanted more time to study it. It
mas. says every man has the right to
A leading progressive cardinal exercise his religious beliefs with-
said the council would definitely out outside force or interference.
end by Christmas and not carry The topic on the church's atti-
over into the new year, despite its tude toward non-Christian reli-
heavy agenda. gions, the so-called . "Jewish
Three Years schema," says the Jews must never
It has taken the council three be regarded as rejected, cursed or
years to complete work on five guilty of "deicide" (killing God)
documents. because of the crucifixion.
Julian Cardinal Doepfner of Arab nations have put on pres-
Munich, Germany, said at a news sure to kill that passage for poli-
conference that the council would tical reasons.
"get into port before Christmas Approved
without infringing on the freedom The document got initial ap-
of the bishops and without proval in the council last fall by
"strangling the council itself." He 1,651 votes to 99-with the "dei-
said the 11 remaining documents cide" passage included.
have been whipped into a state Cardisal Doepfner, one of the
that allows swift action. moderators or directors of the
Cardinal Doepfner was optimis- council, said the topic on modern
tic about major topics on religious world problems would represent
liberty and Catholic relations with "the crowning of the council."
Jews. He said the two were now None of the previous 20 councils
clearer and more complete than of Catholicism ever took up a
ever. topic like it. It deals with the
Document church's attitude on such things
The religious liberty document as birth control, nuclear war,
was ready for an initial vote last peace and social justice.
NEW ORLEANS, La (P)-The'
government surprisingly produced
a list of 151 names-including
Bogalusa's city attorney-in fed-
eral court Saturday and said they
were members of the Ku Klux
Minutes later the defense law-
yers came up with another un-
expected turn by resting imme-
diately after the Justice Depart-
ment concluded its case.
During the federal court pro-'
ceedings, three black-robed federal
judges called a reluctant witness
off the stand and lectured him for
The witness, Clayton Hines, who
said he was former secretary of
Klan Unit No. 2 at Bogalusa,
squatted on the dais behind the
judge's chairs. Circuit Court
Judge John Minor Wisdom and
Dist. Court Judges Herbert Chris-
tenberry and Robert Ainsworth
turned their backs to the court-
room and talked to him.
The Justice Department wants
a court order blocking the Klan,
the Anti-Communist Christian
Association and 38 individuals
from harassing, coercing and in-
timidating Negroes and civil
rights workers at Bogalusa, scene
of repeated racial trouble during
the past spring and summer.
Told To File Briefs
Judge Wisdom, who presided,
told opposing counsel to file briefs
simultaneously by Sept. 21 and
the court then took the case under
The typewritten list of names
was introduced when the govern-
ment called Hines as a surprise
witness. Hines said he had been
"sworn out" as a Klan member
three or four weeks ago after
serving as secretary for nearly a
"I learned the identity of this
man about 2 o'clock this morn-
ing," said Justice Department at-
torney D. Robert Owens of Wash-
ington after the defense objected
to Hines' appearance.
Saxon Farmer, the grand titan,
-No. 2 man- of the Bogalusa
Klan and vice president of the
Anti-Communist Christian Asso-
ciation, gave the court a hand-
written list of 39 members of the
secret white supremacy organiza-
tion after having been threatened
with jail last Thursday when
Judge Wisdom recessed the hear-
ing because of Hurricane Betsy.
Farmer then had listed 47 other
Klan members "from memory"
after saying the organization de-
stroyed its records "when the FBI
began harrassing us."
Hines said he helped Robert
Rester, Bogalusa city attorney,
nr'nrP the £ tvn.wxli ilist - "cv-
LADIES' DAY STARTS WEDNESDAY
FREE TO FIRST 20 at Each Theatre-Diet-Pepsi . . . To the Next 25
at Each Theatre-Schafer "HillBilly" Bread. And While They Last
45 RPM Records from WPAG Radio.
524 E. WILLIAM
Chief Justice Warren Cites Need for World Law
At International Peace Conference in Washington
WASHINGTON (AP)-The World
Conference on Peace Through
Law opened here yesterday and
Chief Justice Earl Warren told
justices and lawyers from 110
nations if mankind is to survive,
the quest for a world ruled by law
A procession of more than 100
Supreme Court justices from as
many countries opened the es-
sembly. Many were clad in the
robes of their offices, some purple
Warren and Sir Percy Spender,
Austrialian president of the In-
ternational Code of Justice, were
principal speakers at the open-
"Achieving and maintaining a
rule of law strong enough to
regulate actions of nations and in-
dividuals in the world community
is no more dreamy, impossible or
impracticable than was the idea
of putting a man on the moon,
or sending a missle to Mars a few
years ago," Warren told the as-
"The only provable harness for
the peaceful containment of power
yet developed by the mind of man
is the rule of law. I for one be-
lieve we can create just as mightily
in the law field as our scientific
brethren did in the field of
Quaison-Sackey, Ghana's for-
eign minister as well as president
of the UN assembly, suggested that
members give the United Nations
more effective authority to pre-
vent domination of international
affairs by "the power of the big
states and the flexing of muscles
by the great powers."
He told a luncheon meeting of
the conference that if two-thirds
of the member states pass a reso-
lution on any given problem, such
a resolution "should have the
force of law."
The chief justice of Japan,
Kisaburo Yokota, asserted "never
before has the search for peace
been as important or as urgent as
"The threat of nuclear war and
missile weapons hang ominously
over every corner of the earth,"
he said in a speech prepared for
'delivery, adding the solid base
upon which peace can be main-
tained is through law.
Another speaker, Harold E.
Stassen, chairman of World Law
Day, proposed the establishment
of a World Court of Equity.
Sir Percy said that the hopes
after the two world wars to se-
cure peace by peaceful methods
proved to be "an illusion."
He warned the conference that
"it can discharge its purpose best
by recognizing its limitations."
Acceptance of law in interna-
tional affairs "can not be done
by resolution, it can not be re-
duced to a formula. It needs the
constant attention of all of us
over a long period of time," Sir
The international president told
the justices that their task will
be "not only to persuade the
leaders of their respective coun-
tries" to accept international law,
but also to educate their own
people to "make clear to their own
leaders that that is what they
need and demand."
The peace of the world is
"fragile thing in deed," Sir Percy
continued, and added that "the
sands of time are running out"
because there is a distinct pos-
sibility that nations that do not
possess nuclear arms will possess
them sooner or later.
WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP:
Divers Probe Mississippi for Barge Carrying Chlorine
By The Associated Press
BATON ROUGE, La. - Divers
battled strong currents, muddy
waters and shifting sands as they"
probed the Mississippi River for
a sunken barge and its cargo of
As the men labored under water,
to 60,000 persons if released,
White House sources said.
* * *
LIMA, Peru-President Felrnan-
do Belaunde Terry's cabinet, under
fire from the Chamber of Depu-
ties for allegedjy being soft on
Communists, resigned yesterday.
The 12 cabinet ministers, in-
army last week.
* * *
PARIS-France hopes to hurl a
small space satellite into orbit be-
fore the end of the year, officials
The satellite would be fired from
the French research base at Ham-
maguir in the Sahara.
air base at Jammu, Kashmir, de-
stroyed all six transport planes
parked there. The transport planes
were being used to send troops
and ammunition to battle areas,
the broadcast said.
WASHINGTON - The Senate
Aoronriations Committee approv-