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September 04, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-04

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IPAINMV +rtruv

Steel Pact-8th without Jarring Strike



PITTSBURGH (R) - President
Johnson's announcement of agree-
ment on a new steel contract yes-
terday marks the eighth time
since World War II that the
United Steelworkers and the basic
steel industry have agreed with-
out an economy-jarring strike.
Fourteen contracts have been
negotiated since 1946. There have
been six strikes. The shortest was
an eight-hour shutdown in 1955.
The longest was a 116-day walk-
outin 1959.
Only the 1963 contract was
settled without either side serving
termination notice.
That was when the joint steel
industry - union human relations
committee rewrote the contract

during year-long weekly meetings.
No reopening notice was given.
The contract provided improve-
ments in pensions and other bene-
fits valued at slightly more than
10 cents an hour, but it's major
feature was the first extended 13-
week vacation plan for the steel
The human relations committee
was the brainchild of Arthur J.
Goldberg, former USW chief coun-
sel who later became secretary of
labor, a Supreme Court justice
and serves as U.N. ambassador.
The most famous settlement
was during the wage strike of
1952 when the Wage Stabilization
Board m a d e recommendations
during a 59-day strike.'.

William Simkin, director of the
Federal Mediation and C Jncilia-
tion Service, came to Pittsburgh
twice this year. In April it was his
plan that resulted in an interim
agreement that averted a May 1
strike. He also played a key role
in the agreement announced in
Washington Friday night.
Here is a rundown of results
of basic steel-United Steelworkers
contract negotiations since World
War II:
1946-Union won 181/ cents an
hour after 26-day strike.
1947-14.6 cents an hour, no
1948-13 cents an hour, no
1949 - pensions and insurance

benefits, 45-day strike.
1950-16 cents an hour, no
1952-16 cents an hour, 59-day
1953-9 cents an hour, no
1954 - 5 cents an hour, no
1955 - 15.2 cents an hour, 8-
hour strike.
1956 - 45.7 cents an hour, 36-
day strike.
1959 - 40 cents an hour over
two and a half years, 116-day
1962-improvements in senior-
ity, pensions, vacations, supple-
mental unemployments benefits.
Value about 10 cents an hour. No
wage hike. No strike.

1963 - benefits improved about
10 cents an hour with industry's
first 13-week extended vacation
plan. No strike and no formal re-
opening notice served, a first for
the industry.
1965-"essential agreement" an-
nounced by President Johnson.
The settlement means that busi-
ness can roll along without having
to face an upsetting strike which
would have closed down a vital
And it probably will mean that
the pace of production in the
steel industry will slow down now
that users who have been stock-
piling supplies as a hedge against
a strike can start using up their
heavy inventories.

India Hits
Planes in




Viet Cong
Down U.S.
Authorities Report
'Heavy Casualities'
In Resulting Crash
SAIGON (RP)-Viet Cong gun-
ners shot down a troop-carrying
United States Army helicopter
yesterday as it flew toward a
guerrilla center and a spokesman
said all aboard were killed.
The helicopter, capable of car-
rying a dozen men, burst into
flames after plunging to earth on
a run toward Houjbo woods, 20
miles north-northwest of Saigon.
Military authorities withheld the
number involved on security
grounds, but said the casualties
were heavy.
The flight was part of a scout-
ing operation that turned up size-
able stocks of Viet Cong ammuni-
tion and uniforms in the woods.
The area was blasted Thursday
by B52 jets from Guam in their
17th such r'aid of the war.
A reinforced company of Viet-
namese troops, surveying the re-
sults, was reported to have found
caches including 126,000 rounds
of small arms ammunition, 215
mortar shells, four submachine
guns, and about 1,000 Viet Cong
Meanwhile government troops
wound up an overnight sweep
against the Viet Cong south of
Quang Ngai City, 320 miles north-
east of Saigon, with a report they
had freed 150 refugees and 38
government soldiers from Red im-
prisonment while killing 25 Viet
Other operations included a
militia ambush of a Viet Cong
jdetachment in the Kien An area,
which fronts on the Gulf of Siam,
125 miles southwest of Saigon.
Briefing officers said they killed
18. No losses were reported among
the militiamen.
To date U.S. and Vietnamese
planes posted a total of 532 sorties
against the Viet Cong Thursday,
the greatest number of such single
flights in one day. Pilots said they
destroyed or damaged about 300
buildings. They expressed belief
they killed "a large number of
Viet Cong"-total unestimated.
American strike sorties against
North Vietnamese targets in
August, greater than in any pre-
vious month, averaged 67 a day.
It was announced U.S. 7th Fleet
carriers launched 912. The U.S.
Air Force announced Wednesday
its total was 1,172.
Yesterday's targets included bar-
racks and supply facilities at
points ranging 10 to 80 miles
from Dien Bien Phu, which lies
185 miles west of Hanoi.
Twenty-four U.S. Air Force F105
Thunderchiefs handled those mis-
sions and the pilots said they en-
countered no resistance. The
bombings were reported to have
set many fires.

{"e "" - T"" - " "
"When the Greeks oust their government, they
certainly do a job!"
Dominican Strife Settled wit
New Provisional Government

-Objects to
Use of U.S.
Jets, Tanks
Shastri Calls for
Larger Home Guard;
Step Up War Effort
NEW DELHI (P)-Prime Minis-
ter Lal Bahadur Shastri warned in
a somber speech last night the
'hour of serious crisis" is upon
India and it may have to suffer
damage from Pakistani air raids.
The prime minister spoke in a
nationwide radio broadcast at the
end of a tense day in which India
claimed its forces had shot down
two Pakistani jet fighters and
advanced in ground fighting in
southwest Kashmir.
India also declared Pakistan
never would have dared to attack
in Kashmir without planes and
tanks furnished by the Americans.
It sent Washington a protest
against Pakistan's use of United
States war material.
Enlarge Guard
He said he was calling on his
480 million people 'to rise"-to
enlist in the Home Guard, increase
defense production, and preserve
communal peace between Hindus
and Moslems.
Shortly before Shastri spoke, an
official spokesman charged Paki-
stani pilots flying American-made
jets bombed and strafed a mosque
-a Moslem house of worship-in
southwest Kashmir and killed 35
to 40 civilians. He said 40 other
persons were seriously injured.
The mosque, located at Juarian
in the Chhamb sector where the
fighting has raged, was destroyed,
and more victims may be buried
in the rubble, the spokesman said.
Cease Fire
Shastri said he would reply to
the cease-fire appeal from U.N.
Secretary-General U Thant after
giving it the "careful attention it
deserves." He insisted his govern-
ment wants peace. _
He made an obvious reference
to the support the U.S. and Brit-
ain have given to Thant's appeal.
Air Fire,
In the air 'war, official sources
in Karachi, Pakistan, said an In-
dian plane was shot down and
conceded only that one Pakistani
plane was damaged. They reported
the Pakistani plane landed in
friendly territory.
Both sides seemed to acknowl-
edge that the fighting had stabil-
ized in the Chhamb area of In-
dian-held Kashmir northwest of
Jammu, the winter capital of In-
dia's portion of the disputed Hi-
malayan state.
An Indian spokesman asserted
that counterattacks had halted
the drive of Pakistani tanks and
troops five to six miles deep in-
side Indian territory on the
Chhamb front.
Roads Threatened
It seemed that Pakistani units
were threatening vital Indian
roads behind the front lines that
supply troops were using, including
the main highway from India
proper to Srinagar, the Kashmir
India reminded the U.S. that
former President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower assured the Indian govern-
ment in 1954 that U.S. arms given
Pakistan never would be used
against India.
As Jha summed it up for re-
porters: "We have made no bones
about the fact that this equip-

ment should not be used against
us. And we have asked: 'Will you
please live up to your assur-

NATCHEZ (/P)-Negro and white
shoppers mingled 'on the sidewalks
under a hot Southern sun yes-
terday as National Guardsmen
patrolled the streets with orders
to prevent crowds from forming.
A Negro boycott of downtown
stores, ordered by Mississippi's
chief civil rights leader Thursday,
appeared to be having scant ef-
A 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew re-
mained in effect, as did a ban on
the sale of liquor. The curfew and
liquor ban were put into effect
three days ago as a precaution
when racial tensions mounted.
Tension Remains
Although this town of 25,000
persons-nearly half of them Ne-
gro-appeared calm, Mayor John
Nosser warned that plenty of
tension remained.
Some 650 National Guardsmen
were ordered into Natchez Thurs-
day by Gov. Paul Johnson, who
said racial rioting was imminent
because Negroes and whites had
been seen with weapons.
There has been no violence since
RENT your

a week ago when a Negro leader
was wounded in the booby-trap
bombing of his car.
Deny Negro Request
Nosser denied ' a Negro request
for use of the city auditorium
for a rally last night, saying there
is "too much tension to have a
meeting of any kind now." He said
when tensions relax, the audtor-
ium will be available to any group.
Charles Evers, state field sec-
retary for the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Col-
ored People, called Thursday night
for an economic boycott by Ne-
groes of business district stores.
He sent pickets into Negro
neighborhoods yesterday afternoon
to build up support for the boy-
cott drive.
His call for a boycott and in-
creased Negro voting registration
came after Nosser and city ofi-
cials rejected Negro demands for
a speed up of desegregation here.
The city said it would not be co-
erced but would talk with Negro
leaders at any time.
Joseph B. Harvey of Los An-1

geles, a member of the lawyers'
committee for civil rights under
law, announced he has asked the
Justice Department to file suit to
desegregate schools here.
Desegregate Schools
While in Selma, Ala., pupils
registered yesterday without a
trace of trouble at three white
schools in this west-central Ala-
bama city that was for months the
center of the civil rights struggle.
Nineteen Negro children signed
up to attend classes with white
pupils while city police stood
guard, Classes start next Tuesday.
At Greensboro, Ala., about 50
miles west of Selma, the white
high school admitted six Negro
girls whose transfers had been ap-
proved. When about 75 other Ne-
gro children showed up seeking to
enroll they were turned away by
the principal.
About 35 Negroes attempted to
enter the white school at Akron,
a small town near Greensboro.
No transfers had been approved,
and the group was met by police
and left without incident.



-Associated Press
STEELWORKERS FROM a Pittsburgh plant have a toast after wage agreement was announced
in Washington.
Natchez Remains Peaceful
Despite Negro Store Boycott

Full-Gospel Student Fellowship
extends an invitation to you to:

f rom

l)' Meet new friends

visional government pledged to
peace took power yesterday after
diehard rebels at a boisterous
rally across town watched with
gestures and slogans of defiance
as their regime gave up. The last
lingering rebel cries demanded
withdrawal of "Yankee troops."
Hours before the twin climax
an American soldier became the
latest casualty of the more than
four months of Dominican strife
when a bomb or gernade exploded
in the supply corridor patroled by
the inter-American peace force.
The soldier was on duty at the
command post of Company B,
307th Engineer Battalion, when
the blast came three minutes
after midnight.
Impartial Government
In his inaugural address, Pro-
visional President Hector Garcia-
Godoy, 44, lawyer and former dip-
lomat, promised to lead an "ab-
solutely impartial government"
dedicated to creating a basis for
peace, progress and constitutional

Shortly before the deliberately
muted ceremony at the battle-
scarred national palace, a noisy
throng of more than 20,000 jam-
med the inner court of Ozama
fortress in the downtown rebel
quarter to witness a flamboyant
resignation ceremony staged by
the rebel regime.
Chanting anti-U.S. slogans and
carrying placards demanding im-
mediate withdrawal of "Yankee
troops" the crowd gave its loudest
cheers to resigning rebel Presi-
dent Col. Francisco Caamano Deno
when he again denounced U.S.
intervention in the Dominican Re-
OAS Negotiation
The provisional government was
created out of weeks of pains-
taking negotiation by an Organ-
ization of American States poli-
tical committee between the rebels
and the rival civilian-military
junta which controlled most of the
country. The junta resigned Mon-
day night rather than accept the
peace formula.
Under the formula, the gov-

ernment will remain in power
nine months-until general elec-
tions next May. The withdrawal
of the peace force will be negotiat-
ed between the new government
and the OAS.
In his address, Garcia-Godoy'
appealed to all Dominicans to
unite and 'make the stay of the
foreign interventionists in our
land as brief as possible." He add-
ed that it was up to "us Domini-
cans also to accept with dignity
the economic assistance needed to
rehabilitate our republic."
Garcia-Godoy also spoke of the
legacy of corruption and abuse of
power by the military from a his-
tory of dictatorship in the Domin-
ican Republic, including the long
rule of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo.
The deeply imbedded nationalj
ills must be eradicated if the
country is to have peace, he said.
The rebel resignation ceremony
drew one of the largest crowds
within memory in Santo Domingo.
Denounce U.S.
Caamano Deno, the young of-
ficer who broke with the military
to lead the rebels, denounced the
landing of U.S. troops after the
revolt first flared April 24 in a
vain attempt to restore the exiled
ex-President Juan D. Bosch.
He said the dispatch of U.S.
troops-at first to save the lives
of American and other nationals,
then to prevent a Communist
takeover-was gross interference
in the internal affairs of another,
The principle of noninterven-
tion was "so brutally unrecognized
that even now the echo of the

NO 2-3123
For $1.00 per wk. you get
2 sheets of fine linen
I pillow case of fine muslin
2 terry bath towels
2 face towels
2 wash cloths
Minimum of 3 students per order
Deposit required $5 per student

2) Participate in a devotional service
3) Hear and meet Rev. Russell Cox,
national college Chi Alpha leader
4) Enjoy fellowship and free refreshments
Sunday, September 5, 5:00 p.m.
Evangel Temple
407 S. Division--Ann Arbor


It's Attention to Details
That Make the Difference
in Dry Cleaning

World News Roundup

Sport coats are the most versatile garment in a
man's wardrobe, it's one of the few garments
equally acceptable for casual or campus dress-
up affairs. As such, it needs the special atten-
tion to details necessary to give your garment
a completely correct look for campus wear. At
Greene's, you can, be sure three button jackets
are properly rolled to the third button .. . (we
even have a special retainer to hold the lapels
in place). Sleeves are always rolled. Tweeds
and flannels all get an extra soft press to retain
their natural texture. Of course, necessary
minor repairing is done on all garments.
Green's customers expect to get these extras.
Ifis nvon', a n min; r won'c ;t'c t+mp +n

By The Associated Press
LAMBARENE - Dr. Albert
Schweitzer regained consciousness
again yesterday and spoke clearly
to his staff, but officials of his
jungle hospital cautioned against

the Soviet news agency Tass re-
ported yesterday. This was the
second such multi-launch an-
nounced this summer by the So-
viets. The first multi-launch went
up on July 16. The five satellites
which are of the Cosmos series'

offered by companies since their
liability would be less in some
The new federal program in-
cludes separate hospital and medi-
cal care plans, both effective next
July 1.

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