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September 03, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-03

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NEW DELHI {P)-India said
Pakistani pilots flew United
States-made jets yesterday in
aerial combat over Kashmir while
Pakistan's ground units pressed
five miles into Indian territory
behind American Patton tanks.,
Indian officials acknowledged
the loss of two towns, Chhamb
and Dewa. It appeared an Indian
4 counter-attack had only slowed
the advance of what India says is
a Pakistani force of 3,000 men and
70 tanks pouring into the flat-
lands of southwest Kashmir.
Fighting Continues
Hopeful talk about a dawn
counter-attack had switched by
night-time to an officials report
that the fighting was continuing
on a subdued scale but that the
Indian soldiers are "putting up a

vigorous fight."
Though the exact battleground
situation was hazy, it was clear
the government was prepared for
the worst-perhaps even a greatly
widened conflict with neighboring
Pakistani Planes Attacked
A Defense Ministry spokesman
said Indian planes were attacked
by Pakistani planes as they flew
"Our fighting escort drove the
Pakistani planes across the in-
ternational frontier," he added.
"All our aircraft returned to base
after successfully completing their
There was no claim that any.
Pakistani planes were shot down.
India acknowledged it lost two
planes Wednesday when Pakistani

forces struck across the U.N.
cease-fire line.
Forces Continue To Press
In Rawalpindi, Pakistani spokes-
men said Pakistan's forces con-
tinued to press unchecked across
the plains from captured Chhamb.
Pakistan radio said Pakistani
forces captured about 200 Indian
soldiers and 15 tanks in the first
day of fighting around Chhamb.
An Indian spokesman claimed In-
dian air strikes destroyed or badly
damaged 13 of the medium U.S.-
made Patton tanks and 30 or 40
other heavy behicles were wrecked.
Big Clashes Expected
Prime Minister Lal Bahadur
Shastri told Indian political lead-
ers his government expects very
big clashes are ahead and that
India's strategy must be con-

sidered in a much wider context.
One aspect of the government's
policy appeared to be to put pres-
sure on the United States because
of Pakistan's alleged use of U.S.
military aid and equipment.
Indian leaders have been in-,
censed for months over what they
say is Pakistan's increasing use of
U.S. equipment against India.
An Indian spokesman said it
was too early to tell who was win-
ning, adding: "We ar, still push-
ing each other around in the
border areas."
More Invasions
He said one Pakistani spearhead
crossed the international frontier
and headed toward Jammu, Kash-
mir's winter capital about 35 miles
southeast of Chhamb.
Another force crossed the cease-

fire line in the Bhimbar area and
overran Chhamb and Dewa.
The Indians are .sensitive about
the Chhamb area. About 35 miles
to the: east of Chhamb lies the
only highway into Kashmir from
India proper. If this road was cut,
all Indian forces farther north
would be in peril.
Srinagar, the regular capital of
Indian-held Kashmir, is 95 miles
north of Chhamb.
Peace Efforts
Kashmir was divided between
Pakistan and India in 1949 after
a U.N. cease-fire halted their war
over the Himalayan state.
With the present conflict tak-
ing India and Pakistan near to
war, peace efforts were opened by
the United Nations, the United
States and Britain.

Secretary of State Dean Rusk
is reported to have cabled the
Indian government asking for an
immediate cease-fire-an appeal
also made by the British govern-
ment and U.N. Secretary-General
U Thant in a letter received yes-
terday afternoon by Prime Minis-
ter Shastri. Thant sent a similar
letter to Pakistan, but a spokes-
man in Rawalpindi said it had
not been received!
Tough Stand
It appeared the Indian govern-
ment was taking an extra tough
stand and refusing to consider any
settlement formula that even
smacked of compromise.
Thinking in New Delhi is that
Shastri's government would settle
only for complete Pakistani with-
drawal from all cease-fire line

areas in Kashmir and public ac-
knowledgement by Pakistan that
it is responsible, as India charges,
for the bloody eruption of a guer-
rilla war in Kashmir Aug. 5.
Reports from Pakistan indicated
President Mohammed Ayub Khan's
government also was taking a
tough stand, blaming India for
the escalation of the fighting.
Charge Aggression
Ie bases his charge on the fact
that Indian troops struck three
times into Pakistani-held Kash-
mir last month and seized several
army outposts. India claims the
attacks were necessary to halt in-
filtration of guerrillas from Paki-
On all sides in India there were
signs of preparations were being
made for a'long struggle.

The prime minister cabled his
appraisal of the situation to the
chief ministers of all the Indian
states, declaring India was taking
all necessary "counter measures"
to meet what he called "Paki-
stani aggression."
Civil Defense
In Calcutta, in eastern India,
the West Bengal state civil de-
fense organization began man-
ning all control room's round the
clock. Special guards put on vital
installations in Calcutta, New
Delhi and other cities.
In the eastern state of Tripura,
Chief Ministers S. L. Singh told
newsmen reports had been re-
ceived of "Pakistani mobilization"
in East Pakistan, facing the Tri-
pura border. He called on the
people of his state to be vigilant.

U.S. Admits Spy Charges;
Ambassador To Meet with Yew

SINGAPORE ()-Prime Minis- The prime minister had threat-
ter Lee Kuan Yew, who has gain- ened-if the denial stood-to name
ed a Washington admission that a presidential intermediary of high
United'States officials engaged in rank who, he said, offered him
"improper activities" here in 1960, the bribe in 1960. t
is meeting today with the U.S. In Washington, there was a call
ambassador to Malaysia, James for an explanation from responsi-
D. Bell. ble officials of the State Depart-
The prestige-conscious chief of ment and the CIA. Rep. Clement
this newly independent nation has J. Zablocki (D-Wis), chairman
invited press, radio, and televi- of tlie'House Foreign Affairs sub-
sion representation to cover the committee on the Far East, said
session in his guarded office at closed hearings will be peld after
the city hall. the Labor Day recess.
A probable topic is American Bell is believed to have urged
diplomatic representation in Sing- Lee at a recent meeting to take
apore, which the U.S. recognized a' more anti-Communist stand.
following the island state's break- Sources close to the prime minis-
away from Malaysia Aug. 9. ter said the ambassador told him

Declined To Speak
Based 200 miles away in Kuala
Lumpul, Malaysia, Bell declined,
to say in advance what he and
Lee would disewss.
The ambassador had declared
Tuesday "there is no truth" to a
news conference declaration by the
prime minister that the U.S. gov-
ernment offered Lee a $3-million
bribe not to reveal that a Central
Intelligence Agency agent was
caught trying to buy state se-
crets from a Singapore intelli-
gence officer.
There was a similar denial from
the U.S. State Department. But
the department backtracked when
Lee produced a letter of apology
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
wrote in 1961, after the transi-
tion from the Dwight D. Eisen-
hower to the John'F. Kennedy

ithe U.S. government was per-
turbed by his attitude toward Red
Lee maintains he is anti-Com-
munist and most political an-
alysts believe him. But he recent-
ly authorized a Singapore trade
mission to Red China and said
he was prepared to establish dip-
lomatic relations with Peking if
it recognized his government.
Speculation as to why Lee
brought up the bribery t'nd spy
charges centered on two theories.
One was that Lee, worried by
the fact few African and Asian
nations have recognized his gov-
ernrent, made the anti-Ameri-
can charges to prove he is not a
"neocolonialist stooge."
Neutral Sphere
The other was that Lee, want-
ing friends in the neutral sphere,

was bucking American pressure to The letter, written April 15,
proclaim himself and Singapore 1961, apologized because "certain
in the anti-Communist camp. Such U.S. government officials" had
a move by Lee would end his been engaged in "improper activi-
chances of being recognized as ties in Singapore."
a neutral by the African and As- Although Lee, 42, rode to power
ian nations. with the support of Communists,
Observers here generally give he is generally believed to be
more support to the first view anti-Communist.
than the second. Democratic-Socialist
Some had noted that Lee ap- Lee, a graduate of Cambridge
iL- University, claims to be a demo-
pears to be worried by the i crati6-socialist. But his Socialist
ness of someone close to him and
that he is under tremendous strain le i s e i.
to reorganize his government since h Lee claims he is not an anglo-
separation from Malaysia. philo and says he hates "what the
British pumped into me" when he
Emotional Outburst was at school in England.
Observers were startled by Lee's But Lee realizes the role the
show of emotion when announcing United States is playing in South-
that this tiny island state had east Asia. Despite his claim that
been forced by Malaysia to leave he will "never have the Ameri-
the federation. He broke down and cans" in Singapore, he knows
wept while explaining the move at their presence is necessary for
a news conference. In the past he his survival.
had created an impression of being Observers believe Lee is unlikely
fiery and tough. to continue to attack the United
Some also were taken aback by States. He told newsmen Wednes-
the prime minister's anti-Ameri- day "I have made my point. So
can statements during a televised we ought to leave the position as
news conference Tuesday. He said it stands."
then the U.S. government had of-
fered him a $3-million bribe not
to reveal that a Central Intelli-
gence Agency operative had been teel Tk
caught and arrested for trying to
buy state secrets.
The U.S. State Department is- s
sued a formal denial of Lee's
charges. But after Lee produced
a letter of apology written by'
Secretary of State Dean Rusk, it WASHINGTON (P) - President
said the denial was in error. Johnson said yesterday that White.

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-Associated Pre
ARROW INDICATES PLACE wihere a Pakistani spearhead
crossed the international frontier and headed In the direction
of Jammu, Kashmir s w~inter capital, as fighting continued with'
Indian troops.
s :>k?: >j'i M ak:~{{:: ing:""": P ro g ress%?i::i} +(
ri Urgs Setlemen

Appropriations Committee approv-
ed Thursday a foreign aid money
bill cut only $75 million below the
authorized total-the. smallest.
shrinkage in the program's 18-
year history.r
The $3.285-billion financing
measure-about $35 million over
last year's figure-was worked out
last week by a habitually critical
subcommittee headed by Rep. Otto,
E. Passman (D-La) after Congress
sent to President Johnson a $3.36-
billion aid authorization bill.
That measure setting spending
ceilings was about $97.6 million
below Johnson's original request
of $3.45. billion for military as-
sistance' plus economic loans 'and
grants abroad for the fiscal year
that beg'an July 1.
Record Low
One factor in the cuts being
smaller this year is tliat Johnson's
request was a record low for the
program. Last year he asked for
$3.52 billion and got $3.25 billion-,
a cut of more than $200 million
compared to this year's over-all
reduction so far of $165 million, in
authorization and appropriation'
The bill reported out Thursday
totals $4,001,453,000, providing
funds fora several other programs
in addition to foreign aid. In-
cluded is $102 million for the
Peace Corps-plus $12.1 million is
unobligated carryover money-
about $1 million less than request-
The $4 billion total is $91.9 mil-
lion higher than money provided
the same programs in the 1965
fiscal year.
Previous Slash
The previous IQw slash in for-
eign aid from authorization to
actual a propriation was $198 mil-
lion cut from the 1952 program.
The figures approved Thursday
would give Johnson all the $1.17
billion he asked in military aid

funds to help 54 nations resist
Communist encroachment. This is
the biggest item in the measure
and is $115 million over last
year's appropriation.
The bill includes these large al-
lotments, which are for the
amount requested or authorized
except where differences are not-
-$202,355 million for technical
cooperation and development
grants to promote the social and
economic progress of friendly na.
tions-$7.6 million less than Con-
gress authorized.
--$144.755 million for U.S. con-
tributions to international organ-
izations and programs, including
the United Nations.
-$369.2 million in economic aid
to help less developed nations ex-
pdan their defense programs.
Emergency Use
--$50 million for emergency use
to meet needs not now foreseen.
-$89 million for expanded pro-
grams of economic and social de-
velopment in Southeast Asia.
-$445.125 million for develop-
ment loans in Latin America un-
der the Alliance for Progress pro-
grams, in addition to $75 million
for technical cooperation and de-
velopment grants in the same
areas--$60 million less thani the
President asked.
Development Loans
-$675.225 million for develop-
ment loans outside Latin America
-$105 mililon less than requested.
-$32.265 million to help refu-
gees from Communist Cuba, main-
ly in the Miami, Fla., area.
-$455.880 million for the In-
ternational Development Bank-
the total asked.
-$104 million for the Interna-
tional Development Association for
development assistance loans.
-$7 million for American-
sponsored schools and hospitals

House Barely Cuts
Foreign Aid Funds

Guardsmen Keep, Tense Peace
As Natchez Awaits Marches

NATCHEZ, Miss. ,()-Mississip-,
pi National Guardsmen in battle
dress enforced a tense peace here
yesterday after city officials re-
jected Negro demands for stepped-
up desegregation
Gov Paul Johnson sent the 650
guardsmen into this historic Mis-
sississippi River port city, saying
there was immin'ent danger of a
Negro leaders called off an af-
ternoon march. They urged. Ne-
groes to stay calm.
Riot Guns
Guardsmen, some with riot guns
and others with bayonets on their
rifles, patrolled the streets in
jeeps. Their orders were to dis-

perse any groups that formed.
"We are not here to enforce
integration or segregation," said
State Adj. Gen. Walter Johnson,
who commanded the troops. "We
are here to enforce the law."
The Negro demands generally
called for total and immediate de-
segregation of schools and other
public facilities, employment of
Negro police officers and an end
to alleged police brutality.
Theater Demonstrations
They had warned that if these
demands were not met, there
would be marches and demonstra-
"The Negroes have armed them-
selves," warned Charles Evers,

Viet Cong Rous ted,
22 Die, 46 Captured

Mississippi field secretary for the
National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People. Ku
Klux Klan leaders also told of
their followers taking up arms.
Mayor John Nosser and the
board of aldermen conferred with
Negro leaders at city hall for
more than two hours. Afterwards
the board announced it would
"make no concessions to any
group under duress or intimida-
Proper Petition
C ice tensions ease, the mayor
ar a aldermen said, they would "in
any normal and reasonable time
consider a proper petition from
any local citizens."
The Rev. Shead Baldwin, a
Negro minister' who acted as
spokesman for thehNegroes pre-
senting the list of demands, said
formation of a biracial committee
was discussed. He said the city
officials maintained such a group
would serve no useful purpose.
The Rev. Mr. Baldwin said the
city officials did agree to meet
with the Negro delegation at any
Rights Bombing
The racial crisis broke was
touched off Friday by the booby-
trap bombing of a civil rights
leader in his car. The victim,
George Metcalfe, suffered leg, arm
and facial injuries. He is in fair
In calling up six guard com-
panies-all from the southern half
of the state-Gov. Johnsol said
there "is imminent danger in the
city of Natchez of a riot, mob, un-
lawful assembly and breach of the
He 'said Mississippi was deter-
mined to protect its citizens and
their property from injury or
damage at the hands of mobs.

House steel negotiations are mak-
ing some progress, but informedi
sources said union' and industry
are still more than six cents
"I want them to keep hard at
it," Johnson said after stepping
personally into the talks for the
first time since moving them here
from Pittsburgh Monday.
Johnson told negotiators for the
AFL-CIO United Steelworkers of
America and 10 major steel firms
he saw no, reason why they can't
reach a settlement, hopefully be-
fore Labor Day, well in advance of
next Thursday's 12:01 a.m. strike
Hope for Settlement
He would even like to see a
settlement now so he could go to
Texas for the weekend, Johnson
said he told the negotiators in a
43-minute session.
But sources inside the steel talks
said progress was slow and that
the two sides were still far from
a settlement.
White House press secretary Bill
D. Moyers said the prospect was
that the negotiations would con-
tinue into the night for the fourth
straight night.
Compromise Proposal
Asked if the administration had
made a compromise proposal in
the dispute, Moyers said "we have
made no proposal whatever."
Moyers said Johnson had or-
World News
By The Associated Press
LANSING--Gov. George Rom-
ney yesterday pegged the state
treasury surplus at a record $135.5
million but warned that this un-
expectedly high figure does not
change the need for tax legisla-
tion this fall.
Romney said he is summoning
tax negotiators back to see wheth-
er the level of a proposed state in-

dered dinner sent into the nego-
tiators. Preyipusly, the negotiators
had been leaving for a two-hour
dinner break each evening.
Moyers said .the President "told
them to keep working and that he
would provide the fare."
Seek Breakthrough'
Johnson's action appeared to
be a further effort to push the
talks toward a major break-
through so he could go to his
ranch in Texas for a long Labor
Day weekend.'
The President said earlier in the
day he could not go as long as
there was a steel dispute.
Informed sources said the in-
dustry had raised its offer to in-
crease wages and fringe benefits
to about 43 cents an hour over

three years. The union reportedly
held to its demand for 49.8 cents.
Steelworkers now get $4.40 an
hour in wages and fringe benefits.
Abel's Very Able
"This fellow Abel is a very
able horse trader," Johnson said
of the union president, I. W. Abel.
"He has met his match with
Cooper," Johnson added in a ref-
erence. to the chief industry ne-
gotiator, R. Conrad Cooper.
At his meeting with the nego-
tiators, Johnson gave them what
he described as "some pious ob-
Johnson, who has said a strike
would damage the nation's econ-
omy and military strength, warned
the negotiators again of the eco-
nomic effects of a shutdown.

Read and Use
Michigan Daily Classifieds



SAIGON (A')-A Vietnamese task
force pressed a drive last night
against the Viet Cong in Quang
Ngai Province, where a Red ef-
fort to drive from the mountains
to the South China Sea was
crushed in early June.
A United States military spokes-
man said the troops reported they
killed 22 Viet Cong, captured five
and rounded up 46 suspects in the
opening hours of the engagement,
15 miles south of Quang Ngai
City. Government losses were de-
scribed as light.
It was in this region, 320 miles
northeast of Saigon, that a rein-
forced Viet.Cong regiment made
an abortive bid last spring to

engine jets from Guam blasted
a suspected Viet Cong concentra-
tion in woods only 20 miles north-
northwest of the city.
Lighter U.S. and Vietnamese
planes provided counterpoint, fly-
ing 120 sorties against suspected
Viet Cong positions in the 24-
hour period ended at 6 a.m. Pilots
said they destroyed or damaged
520 enemy structures.
The crash of a U.S. helicopter
injured its four American crew-
men. Briefing officers said the
craft went down near An Khe,
about 250 miles northeast of Sai-
gon, apparently from niechanical
failure rather than enemy fire.

Student employees needed in Residence
Halls for part-time food service jobs:
busing, dishwashing, counter work, etc.
$1.25 per hour-meals are optional
Apply to Mr. Wagner,
2258 Student Activities Building
you can't find it


All Additions or Corrections
Addresses and Telephone
To Appear in the 1965-66
Must lBe Made, in Person

overrun the city and plant its On Hon Matt
Red flag on the seashore. Strikes against North Viet Nam
included a raid by two U.S. Air
Counter-attack Force- B-57 Canberra jets on ra-
Counter-attacking Vietnamese dar installations on Hon Matt
units and U.S. planes blocked the Island, in the Gulf of Tonkin 140
push. Nearly 200 government miles north of the border.
troops were killed. Americans es- Newsmen were told the Can-
tmated the Viet Cong suffered berras dropped five tons of bombs
about 60 casualties. aon the target, but atmospheric.
About 80 miles down the coast, conditions prevented an accurate
.U.S. Army troops caught a 15- dltions p e ac---

Hope for Calm ; come tax should be reduced in
t The governor was in Natchez light of the favorable treasury
y during the morning for the fu- figures.
neral of a University of Missis- * *K *
sippi football player. Before re- TOKYO-Red China declared
turning to his capitol at Jackson, yesterday it isn't afraid of war
he expressed hope that there with the United States, but the
would be no violence. Soviet Union is.
Tirs the fitinstn in i "Soviet leaders are afraid of




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