See Editorial Page
Thunderstorms late today;
Vol LXXX, No. 4
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, September 7, 1969
ONE !MILL IN(REASE:
Voters to consider tax
Mark 's coffeehouse?
- I ailc--Randti- Ec3nxaiu.
Co siiuillee to seek
innovations in 11 nion
By CAROL HILDEBRAND
A student-faculty committee studying use of the Union
and its control will meet Wednesday to write its proposals.
The study is a result of last year's Osterheld report which
recommelded that the Union be restructured to encourage
its use by students and improve its financial status.
An earlier accepted proposal by this committee resulted
in the Union location of the University Store and the Student
By BOB FUSFELDI
and STUART GANNES
The voters of Washtenaw
County will be asked Tuesday
to approve a new one mill in-
crease in the property tax to
bolster law enforcement facil-
ities in the county.
Voters will also be asked to con-
sider a one-quarter mill increase
in the property tax for acquisition
of park and recreational facilities.
The law enforcement proposal.
which would raise slightly more
than $3.5 million over a three year
period, allows the County Board
of Supervisors to allocate the
funds according to a priority sys-
tem covering 16 different areas of
The system, as outlined in a re-
port submited by the 10 man
Washtenaw County Law Enforce-
ment and Criminal Justice Com-
mittee. gives highest priority to
those programs emphasizing "the
administration of justice" and se-
condary emphasis to the "en-
forcement of law"
Opponents of the proposal, how-
ever, contend that it is a "law and
order" tax. designed more to bol-
ster the county sheriff's hardware
than to improve law enforcement.
Supervisor D o n a 1 d Edmonds
says he opposes the levy because
there is no guarantee the money.
will be spent on programs which
favor the "administration of jus-
tice." Edmonds, one of the three
Democrats on the thirteen man
Board of Supervisors, comments,
that citizens have only "the word
of the Board that the money will
be spent according to the recom-
mendations of the Law Enforce-
Edmonds adds that a police
training academy is desperately
needed in th e community. "We
have a bunch of ignorant, racist
bigoted police running around
here," he said.
Edmonds, one of two blacks on
the board, says "Because of the
fact that black people are on the
bottom of the economic t o t e in
pole. they shoud get their money's
worth for the taxes t h e y pay.
There is simply no guarantee that
this will be the case."
However, the majority of the
board backs the proposal, arguing
that more money is needed and
that the money will be spent as
The first items on the list are
Federal Grant applications for
which the county must provide
matching funds including the es-
tablishment of a training aca-
demy "in the field of law en-
forcement," a "crime prevention
department," and a law enforce-
Additional funds are expected
to provide for the "further con-
sideration of a public defender,"
as yet a nonexistent defense coun-
cil for defendants without a law-
Sheriff Doulas Harvey com-j
mented that the millage would
"benefit the entire county. includ-
ing the Sheriff's Department."
The second proposal would raise
approximately $879,000 over a per-
iod of three years to acquire more
park land for the county.'
Opponents of the millage con-
tend there are more pressing prob-E
lems demanding county support
and say voters are ah'eady over-
Those in favor arue that park
land is needed and can be pur-1
chased most cheaply now.I
By DANIEL ZWERDLING
Mark's Coffee House wood-planked home of the
cream cheese bagel, black bread boor boy and splen-
diferous soups. mother to lone guitarists, lunchtime
politics and early morning chess, may have to haul
in the potted tree and close its doors this fall to make
room for another business.
Campus Management tells Mark's it may not renew
its lease when it expires in December.
"I've had adverse complaints about Mark's from
businessmen in the area, and residents," says Campus
Management President Dwaine Lighthammer. "My
personal friends in the Maynard House have com-
plained to me about the people there."
And even more importantly, Lighthammer says.
he is negotiating with "some people" who want to
rent Mark's and the two stores on the corner.
"The people who want to lease the entire first
floor may even want to buy it." observes Lighthammer.
"We wouldn't want to jeopardize the sale of the
entire building just for Mark's, which is only a small
percentage of it," he says.
Mark's occupies the single largest floor space of any
of the three campus stores in question.
What businessmen in the area are against Mark's.'
The president of the State Street Business Association
-58 merchants in the State Street. Liberty and May-
nard Area--can't think of any.
"The businesmen in the association don't have
anything against Mark's at all." says President Joseph
Edwards, who owns the Nickel Arcade's pipe and
tobacco shop. "They think there should b, a place like
Mark's where people can go. Every man has a right
to do his thing."
Edwards says the board of directors of the as-
sociation has evn ofieied to write a letter of support
for Mark's should it need one to survive.
Some merchants say personally they dislike Mark's
-but add the clientele is not their business. "Some of
the people there aren't clean." declares the owner
of the Arcade's Caravan Shop. "They're funny dressers.
and go barefoot, and act silly. These kids don't have
any dignity. don't have any culture." she complains.
But no one says they insist Maik's must move.
The crucial party in Mark's demise or survival ap-
pears to be the potential lessees, whose identity Cam-
pus Management is keeping a mystery. Businessmen
in the area, who often know what goes on behind
Ann Arbor's closr'd financial doors. can't discover who
is involved in the negotiation. Even a local real estate
agent---who has been trying to relocate an Ann Arbor
hi-fi store--had no idea Campus Management was
even remotely considering leasing or selling the stores.
In fact. the only merchant in the area who seems
to know anything about the deal is Sarah Magnuson,
owner of Magnuson's clothing. "I am not at liberty
to say anything about it." says Mrs. Magnuson. She
says she has been looking for investment properties,
but refuses to disclose whether she has been negoti-
ating for Mark's.
In the meantime. Mark's doesn't know how long
it will survive. Lighthammcr first told co-owner Paul
Melton several months ago he would not renew the
lease in December--but now Mark's is trying to nego-
tiate a lease for half a year, or even on a month to
Mark's would even like to buy the store. if it could
find the money- -but sources say Lighthammer quoted
'25.000 as the price Mark's must pay. Lighthammer
says, however, 'I )could guess the value is around
$S00 000, maybe $150.000."
See REQUIEM. Page 8
By MARCIA ABR AMSON
Associate Managing Editor
Although county welfare mothers have demanded an
average of $120 per child for school clothing allowances, the
state and county say they'll et only $27.50.
When the county offered no money for clothes last year,
the welfare mothers won a special $70 allotment per child
after a series of demor trations with students at the County
Building, culminatiina. in some 240 arrests.
So far, the Welfare Rights Committee (WRC) - the
mothers' organization---has not yet determined how to got the
county to bolster its $16.50 share of the clothing allotment.
ADC mothers plan to meet today to discuss tactics - and
groups of white, middle class
Credit Union. Certain longer proposals will
Wednesday meeting, according to Wally
nn of the C06 tte(' and
be finalized at the
president of University Activ-
Stromberg says a temlaltive. pro-
posal is to turn the Stdint Ac-
tivities Building into an 'ei ht to
ive-type office buildin, giving
needed space to the ad nssions of-
fice and financial aids office. St u-
dciti organizations such as Stu-
delit Governmnn'it Council, Panhel.
Inter-Fraternit y Council and In-
ter-House Assembly wo' Wuld move
into the Union.
Should the shift from the SAB
take place. Stromberg says it is
likely that rent for Union space
will "come from each organiza-
tion's budget." The Union is al-
ready earning from the Universit
>1tore a nid the Ciedit U nion.
With more student-related ac-
iivities in the Union. Stromberg
sees the need for a change in the
Unions Board of Directors. Cur-
reuntly there are three student
votes (UAC members. three
alumni votes. three faculty votes,
and the Unon general maa ger
Stromberg would propose that
"eight students and six non-stl-
dents" make up the governing
board. They would be either elect-
od by the student body or ap-
pointed by UAC
'I'l(, Ann Arbor Tenant.' Union
will launch plans tomorrow night
for a new rent strike at a mass
nmeetiig in the Union.
Stuart Katz. member of the
strike steering committee, says the
new strike will mobilize students
who have chaniied apartments.
adding pressure to landlords still
fighting effects of the strike start-
ed in February.
Monday's mass meeting will in -
clude discussion of demands and
goals of the Tenants' Union, land-
lord strategy, and the role of or-
eanizers and other workers in the
The meeting tomorrow will be
followed on Tuesday. Wednesday
and Thursday by workshops for
Since the strike gained national
recognition in newspapers and
magazines this summer, colleges
from across the country have re-
quested help to organize their own
strikes: Steering committee mem-
bers predict the same recognition
will attract greater numbers of
strikers in Ali Arbor this fall.
-D)aily -Sarai"K rulwi'im
The University got rid of all the bikes it has impounded over the last year at an auction yesterday-
where bicyclists could pick up some new cheap transportation. or repurchase the bicycle they lost.
Coalition ides Nrth01 i 'Vietnam
white mothers will also meet
to offer their support.
The mothers expect to announce
their plans later this week in a
No one is sure what action they
may take. But Bent Neilsen, chair-
man of the county board of super-
visors, has already told the moth-
ers that restrictions concerning
the use of the County Bldg. will
be in force this year. and all vio-
lators will be arrested.
Neilsen's statement was tacked
on to an announcement by the
supervisors that they would not
negotiate with welfare recipients.
The supervisors maintained the
County Social Services Board is:
entirely responsible for negotia-,
tions with WRC and other welfare
But the social services board has
issued its final allotment-$16.50
per child, along with the state
allowance of $11 per child. And
if the mothers demand more
money. they will not be able to
obtain it from the social services
Alfred Brose. county social s-rv-
ices director, explained yesterday
that any supplemental allocation
will have to come from the county
board of supervisors or the state.
But. Brose added. both the suner-
visors and the state have indi-
cated that there are no more
After last year's confrontation,
th? state provided $40.000 in
emergency funds and the county
But Glynn Barnett, chairman of
the social services board, h a s
warned the mothers that things
are different this year. "Last year
the county had a surplus." he ex-
See WELFARE. Page '?
TOKYO O'.--As North Vietnam
mourned the death of President
Ho Chi Minh. Hanoi radio an-
nounced yesterday the nation
would be ruled by a collective
leadership of obedience to his will.
It did not say who was in the
leadership pledged to carry on
Ho's fight for a united Vietnam.
By RON LANDSMAN
Mary V. Beck and her "Broom Brigade'
pledge to sweep city government clean.
Walter Shamie promnises to stop the city
government's waste of mony.
Roman S. Gribbs vows to bring justice
and order uider law.
And Richard H. Aus in offers "Leader-
hip - that's the difference.''
These four are the acknoled;gd front-
riumers in the campaign for the mayor of
Detroit. which faces its first formal test
in the primary Tuesday.
ces mayoral primary
But they almost certainly included
the four strong men of Hanoi.
The four are Le Duan, who as
first secretary of the Communist
party has a strong grip on the
party machinery: Premier Pham
Van Duong; Thuong Chinh. chair-
man of the National Assembly and
leading party theoretician, and
Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, the defense
minister and master military
The broadcast seemed to pre-
clude, at least for now, a n y
struggle for power among them.'
"A collective leadership of of-
ficials and fighters, who h a v e
been selected and well trained by
our beloved President Ho C h i
Minh. will continue to battle for
freedom and independenc? of all
our people and all our nation
until the last American aggressor
is driven from our land, the South
is completely liberated. and our
fatherland united once again."
the broadcast declared.
"\Ve assure the people." Radio
Hanoi said. "that th-re will be
tight unity around the Central
Committee of the party. of which
the political department is the
clared it was the duty of "all Viet-
nanmese compatriots to achieve
Ho's cherished dream of a free, in-
dependent and united Vietnam."
"Our fighters must transform
their sorrow into urgent desire
and firm determination to greatly
intensity their fighting until the
aggressors are driven out and the
traitors overthrown," the p a p e r
North Vietnam has been in
mourmning since Ho died of a
heart attack Wednesday, but the
'Vietnam News Agency said the
official period began yesterday
and will continue through Tues-
day. Ho's burial will be Wednes-
SOMERVILLE, Tenn. (A -
Police used fire hoses to disperse
about 100 blacks demonstrating in
this small West Tennessee town
yesterday, and the mayor imposed
a dusk-to-dawn curfew. A black
state official there as an observer
said he was sprayed "near full
force" as he watched.
Police said 16 persons were ar-
rested and charged with violating
the city ordinance they were pro-
testing. It bans courthouse lawn
meetings and carrying picket
Mayor 1. B. Yance said the cur-
few will remain in effect "as long
as we think it is necessary. This
is nothing new. We've had curfews
here before." Yesterday's march
was the third in as many weeks.
Cornelius Jones. black executive
director of the Tennessee Com-
mission on Human Development.
a civil rights agency, said he and
Archie Allen. a commission staff
m-mber. had been invited by the
black group as observers.
"I was standing across the
Sreet from 5 to 30 yards awa
f'om the march when the hoses
were turned near full force on me.
The same thing happened to Al-
len." Jones said.
Two weeks ago. 115 persons
were arrested. including Baxton
Bryant, head of the privately fi-
nanced Tennessee Human Rela-
tions Council. He was charged
then with inciting to riot, and w as
arrested again yesterday and
charged with violating a chancery
court injunction issued against
Last week. abot 200 blacks-.
ues' of them from Memphis -
mnarched onto the courthouse lawn
and carried picket signs without
incident. Both actions violated an
ordinance passed in 1963 which
resulted in the earlier arrests.
The demnonstrations began over
the alleged beating of a black
mo r ami. r tv'rs i h j ', b y ir.
apolis won a clear victory after' the incum-
bent mayor declined to run for re-election.
New York sems to be following a similar
line. Incumbent John Lindsay lost to a
conservative Nc'w York state senator in his
o'"n party's primary and is now running
on Liberal party and independent tickets.
Mario Procaccino. who claims to be a
iberal but is attracting the law and order
vote. won the Democratic primary as form,-
er nie er Robert Wagner and Bronx bor-
w-h resident Herman Badillo divided
h' major liberal \ote.
Lindsay's bad administrative record ob-
small white liberal segment, He has also
won the endorsement of the powerful
United Auto Workers. a major factor in
anv Detroit election.
Austin has run a generally low-keyed
campaign. as befits his personality, leaving
many liberals. black and white, somewhat
dismayed. Many liberals had been pressing
William Patrick, president of New Detroit.
Inc. to run. but he declined.
In the middle are Wayne Coun' y Sher-
iff Roman Gribbs and businessman-pro-
nmoer Walter Shamie. Shamie has made
economy the major issue of his campaign.
C rout1p to recommen(1
edluicatioiial ref oris
LANSINGr P --- The Milliken
administration's education reform
commission may announce with-
in the next two weeks its ideas for
changing the administration and
financing of elementary and se-
condarv education in Michiean.
the place of such othir contro-
versial education matters as paro-
chiaid. But Detroit papers said
last week Milliken would ask for
a hike in state incoms taxes.
Thus far there has been no com-
mission concensus on the subiect