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May 17, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-05-17

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See ditorial page


Sjit 43u


Warming trend,
10 per cent chance of rain


Years of Editorial Freedom





Voice Plans
Draft Center
Protest Rally
To Picket Fort Wayne
During Member's
Physical Examination
Voice Political Party voted last
night to organize a demonstration
at Detroit's Fort Wayne Induction
Center Friday morning. The ac-
tion was taken at the request of
Jim Russo, a Voice member, who
has been ordered to report for a
pre-induction physical at that
Formerly a University student,
Russo took his file from his lo-
cal draft board office in Wayne,
Mich., last week. He was one of
the 200 youths who burned their
draft cards during the peace
march in New York last month.
Voice's plans consist of pick-
eting, passing out anti-war and
draft leaflets, and talking with
male. who are reporting for their

MSU Health Director Predicts
Legalizing of Marijuana Soon

The director of Olin Memorial
Health Center at Michigan State
University predicted last week
that marijuana would be legalized
within two to five years because
it is less harmful than alcohol.
The director, Dr. James S. Fue-
rig, added that it is a legal prob-
lem, not a medical problem. He
made the statement to two repre-
sentatives of the Marijuana Study
Committee of the Associated Stu-
dents of MSU (ASMSU). He said
he thought the drug would be re-
classified by the federal govern-
ment from an addictive drug to an
intoxicant, and would subsequent-
ly be legalized. He added that
marijuana could be legalized with-
in five years, but "there will cer-
tainly have to be some controls
established." It will take about
two years to "educate conserva-
tives," he said.
"There are some people ' in-
volved in making laws who will
not change with the times," he
added. When marijuana is legal-
ized, Fuerig said,. it will be "less
of a problem than it is now."
Improved Product
He compared the present illegal-
ity of marijuana to prohibition
days, saying that "Bathtub gin
wasn't pure alcohol. Today people
who use marijuana are smoking

The ASMSU fact-finding com- Fuzak told Sink that the uni- has discussed the establishment of
mittee which is studying the grow- versity will occasionally handle a similar committee but have done
ing problem of marijuana will be student marijuana cases to pre- nothing as yet.
conducting open hearings for stu- vent students from having a po- The University has no standard
dents before the end of their lice record. procedure for handling student
term. Fuzak said students would not use of marijuana. In fact, Uni-
The committee, headed by be suspended from school for us- versity officials denied that there
James Sink, former ASMSU mem- ing the drug, except in extenuat- was widespread use of LSD and
ber-at-large, is seeking to clarify ing circumstances. marijuana on campus in response
the MSU administration's posi- Fuzak added, however, that the to a claim by Prof. John C. Pol-
tion on the use of marijuana. police would be brought into a' lard, a psychiatrist in the Mental
The MSU Vice-President for case if student safety or addiction Health Research Institute, that
Student Affairs, John A. Fuzak, were involved. "enormous amounts of marijuana
told members of the committee Those police records which do . . may be used on the campus."
that MSU has no specific pro- go to the dean of students office Pollard made this statement in
cedure for handling student use do not ordinarily become part of January to the Washtenaw Medi-
of marijuana. He said that MSU the student's permanent record, cal Society.
does not seek information on stu- Fuzak said. Vice-President for Student Af-
dent use of marijuana but that Sink said that his committee fairs Richard L. Cutler said at
it sometimes receives such infor- will be conducting open hearings that time, "We attempt to keep
mation from the police. on marijuana this term at which our ear to the ground but we just
Sink said, "Fuzak made it quite doctors, lawyers and state legis- haven't picked up any such in-
clear that the university is only lators will be invited to speak to formation. We may be stupid or
concerned with students safety students. blind, but I think this office would
and that it does not keep files on Student Government Council know if the use were as wide-
students who use marijuana." I members here indicated that SGC spread as Pollard said."
Anticipates No Curtailment
Of Federal Research Projects

-Associated Press

Twenty demonstrators were arre
yesterday. The demonstrators,S
pension of nine Negro and five

Russo, who is facing possible
federal charges for interference ACLU IEETS-
with Selective Service procedures, ACLU _ ______
Is scheduled to distribute material,
inside the Center, where he has c
Asks Co
been asked to report for a physi-!
cal examination.
An FBI spokesman informed the
Detroit Free Press last Thursday
that "it is investigating Russo
and may ask the U.S. district at-bt
torney to file charges" against
Russo is currently classified as a# By JILL CRABTREE
conscientious objector by his 10- The American Civil Liberties
cal board. On May 8, he entered Union (ACLU) recommended in a
his draft board and asked to ex- five-point policy statement Mon-
amine his draft files. Russo then day that colleges and universities
proceeded to leave the building in "cease, on their own, to make
possession of his file. The same available to 'Selective Service in-
day FBI agents questioned Russo formation on grades and class
at his home, rank." The statement specified
Russo has had no contact with that it is "within the university's
the FBI since May 8. If the FBI right to make decisions affecting!
should arrest Russo at the induc- the academic process, regardless
tion center Friday morning, Voice of Selective Service regulations."
members have decided to appear The statement, adopted by the
at his arraignment and ask for Board of Directors of the ACLU
his release, on the recommendation of the un-
"In order to complete my with- ion's Academic Freedom Commit-
drawal from the Selective Service !tee, climaxed a six-month study
System, on May 8 I removed my by the committee on the impact
draft file from my local draft of academic cooperation with Se-
board," Russo explained. lective Service regulations on civil
"Draft boards have no right to liberties.
keep a file on anyone with the The statement was released by
intention of using it to coerce him Prof. Samuel Hendel, of the po-
into fighting in an unjust and litical science department, at the
immoral war," he continued. City College of New York, chair-,
Other draft card burners at the man of the Academic Freedom
New York spring mobilization have Committee. He warned that ty-
L,.,..mv. ling military deferment to student

sted at the Northwoods Junior High School in northeast Houston
who were charge d with unlawful assembly, were protesting the sus-
white students for fighting.
Jleges To Cease


ting -Ciw,
special tests given to college stu-
dents. Selective Service Director
Gen. Lewis B. Hershey announced
last Wednesday that such tests
would be dropped.
Within Institution's Right
The ACLU statement went on
to say that student's civil liberties
are not infringed upon "when an5
institution of higher learning de-
cides as a matter of educational
policy to cease calculating class
standing, or to do so and not re-,
port such data to the Selective
Service." The ACLU feels that the
decision not to cooperate with
Selective Service is within the in-
stitution's right to make educa-
tional decisions" intimately af-
fecting the academic process."
The statement said that if edu-
cational institutions continue to
compile class ranking for the
Selective Service as well as for
academic purposes, such informa-
tion should be made available
to a student's draft board "only
on request of the student."
The final point of the policy
statement dealt with recent action

._.,, ,'

grass, rope and mohair off rugs. The University has not yet been
Q f'~f 13When marijuana~ is legalized and! seriously affected by the tighten-
tY ..K a4'n ' subject to government regulations ing-up of government grants duer
users will have an improved pro- 'primarily to the Vietnamese War,
duct." according to A. Geoffrey Norman,
by professors at some colleges to Elaborating on the medical vice-president for research.
give all their students A's or no problems of niarijuana, he said, Norman reflected a prevailing
grades in protest against their in- "There are no adverse physical view among faculty members when
stitution's policy of releasing class effects other than possibly caus- he said yesterday, "We anticipate
standing to Selective Service. "If ing personality changes and de- no reduction of federal funds for
an institution has a known policy creasing motivation of the user. research, although a slower growth
of grading, either written or im- Alcohol produces many more ad- rate may be expected."
plicit in terms of employment, and verse effects, such as liver ail- A similar view was expressed by
if a teacher decides on his own ments than does marijuana." Robert E. Burrough, director of
not to submit grades, his action Fuerig indicated that like alco- research administration, who said,
is not a matter of civil liberties hol, marijuana has a definite "We are not seeing the results of
concern." the statement said. place in society because it relieves the war dollarwise, although our
In another recent statementI tension but doesn't have the bad rate of increase of federal research
prepared by the Academic Free- side effects that alcohol produces. funds may not continue. The .ni-
dom Committee and aproved by Little Progress ersity's research effort is under-
its Board of Directors, the ACLU Fuerig said that research will goiny'sorsgrificant s.'-
voiced disapproval of student pro- have to be done but that so far gong no significant cutbacks."
test demonstrations that "disrupt there has been little progress be- Saturated Facilities
the legitimate educational or in- cause of the illegality of the drug. Norman explained that a level-
stitutional processes in a way that He added that use of the drug will ing off of Federal research money
interferes with the academic free- have to be restricted by age, as is had been expected by the Univer-
dom of others." liquor. But "I think the present sity. "We are almost saturated in
Hendel indicated that the Com- laws are being handled in a very ! regard to facilities and space. For
mittee's concern had been aroused poor way. Present controls should more research money we would
by several recent incidents on be taken off," he added. need a larger faculty and more1
colege .campuses in which demon-! "It would be naive to say no research associates as well. And{
strating students had "disregarded one is smoking it on campus. It ' the number of research personnel
the rights of others to free ex- is probably used extensively, but here has been expanding rather
pression and shown a lack of re- is not a medical problem here," slowly," he said.
gard for democratic procedures." Fuerig said. Burrough predicted a slowerj

growth rate of 'esearch funds,
noting the government's efforts to
distribute their funds more equita-
bly among geographical regions
and educational institutions.
The University received approx-
imately $52 million for research
from the government in the aca-
demic year 1965-66. This figure
was second only to that of the
Massachusetts Instittue of Tech-
nology among the nation's univer-
sities. Burrough estimated that
the University will receive $57
million from the government in
the 1966-67 academic year. Ac-
cording to Burrough, about 78 per
cent of the University's research
funds come from the government.
Of these federal funds, a little
more than 40 per cent comes
from the Department of Defense.
Mission-Oriented Research
Burrough noted a trend by fed-
eral agencies toward mission-
oriented rather than basic re-
search. This was especially true of
the Department of Defense. How-
ever, he said that the University
had offset this problem by ap-
pealing to other government
"Within the University's re-
search program, no one group is
dependent on one segment of the
federal government for its sup-
port. We have had to turn to a
greater number of sources within
the government," he explained.
Difficulties have been exper,.
ienced as a result of the shift of
emphasis away from basic re-
search by the government.
Grad Involvement
Hansford W. Farris, chairman
of the Department of Electrical
Engineering, said, "The tendency
for more support to be given for
applied, rather than basic re-
search has resulted in a shift in'
the nature of graduate student in-
"Agencies doing fundamental
research have had changes in
the overall level of their support.
This change of commitments has
resulted in a reduction of efforts
in such areas, but there has not'
been a major realignment."
The effects of increased compe-

tition for federal research money
has had some repercussions at the
University, however.
Norman explained that the suc-
cessive yearly increases in Uni-
versity research money are "cre-
ating an appetite which calls for
more of the same. Research and
developm'nt money has been pro-
ducing people. And these people
have to be fed. There is a squeeze
for everybody. Often grants have
been extended for shorter periods
than pieviously."
Professor James V. McC6nnell,
psychology professor and resident .
at the Mental Health Research In-
stitute (MHRI), said, "The prob-
lem is not being able to expand,
rather than actual cutbacks. It is
the marginal projecis and the
younger staff members who are
the most affected. In general the
situation has been pretty good at
Lawrence W. Jones, physics pro-
fessor, said, "While we in physics
have done fairly well, we haven't
been able to do as much as we
would like. We may not have, for
example, looked as vigorously as
we might have for new people.
But there has been no change of
our research. And there has been
no curtailment of research activ-
The Microbiology Department
receives thebulk of Its research
funds from the National Institute
of Health (NIH) which had over-
committed its research funds and
has felt a squeeze on new research
Donald J. Merchant, professor
of microbiology, said, "We have
had to write grants more carefully
than in the past. Our grant pro-
posals have had to be more unique
than in the past. Before, NIH had
the money to fund just about any-
thing reasonable. Now the com-
petition is keener. But we're still
not too affected."
Burrough noted, "Agencies have
narrowed their margins of accept-
able research. However, marginal
universities with weak projects are
suffering much more than we are.
The current situation has slowed
down efforts to diversify federal
research money."

been contacted by the FBI, but as
yet no arrests have been made.
Investigations are currently be-
ing conducted across the nation
in an attempt to determine just
who burned their draft card. Sup-
posedly the FBI has color films
of the draft burning incident, and
4 observers are confused as to just
why arrests have as yet not been
made. Penalties for draft card
burning are not. definite under
present statutes.
In bther action. Vice-Chairman

grades and class rank perverts
academic values.
Life and Death Significance
In such cirdumstances, Hendel
said, grades take on a "life and
death significance which can only
impair the whole educational en-
terprise." He explainedthat stu-
I dents select easy courses and in-
stitutions to maintain high class
rank and thus assure exemption
from military service.
The ACLU backed up its recom-

ITR Consumer Attitudes Survey Reveals
Increased Inclination To Buy During '67

In April the Survey Research
Center of the Institute for Social

Gary Rothberger announced that mendation by urging that the Research released its quarterly
the National Students for a Dem- Selective Service System itself survey for January 6 to March 6,
ocratic Society Convention will eliminate clss ranking and grades 1967, on "Consumer Attitudes and
not be held at Antioch College inmas standards for student df de-|Inclinations to Buy.'"
June as originally scheduled. Voice ferments. A statement of "simple The heads of approximately
has been asked to look into the good standing should be suffi- 3,100 family units, representative
possibilities of holding the con- cient," the Union asserted. of all the families in the con-
vention in Ann Arbor by the na- The ACLU had previously called tinental United States, were inter-
tional office. on Selective Service to cease the viewed in the course of the survey.
The surveys, directed by George
--__Katona, program director of the

1967." The index includes five of
these testing questions.
"The fact that the replies to a
variety of questions changed in
the same way adds to the reliabil-
ity of the conclusion that con-
sumers viewed their own and the
economy's situation in a more
favorable manner in February
1967 than in -November 1966," the
quarterly survey said.
Two principal considerations
are revealed by the survey find-
ings: "Bad news has become less
salient during the last few
fonths"; and 2) "Satisfaction with
favorable income trends has con-
tinued unabated."
Habituation to News
Katona, in his book "The Mass
Consumption Society," discussed
hn a hly the nhenomenon of

By utilizing both changes in the
Index and changes in income, SRCj
data indicated the prolonged up-
swing "in durable expenditures
from 1962 through 1965. The de-
cline in the Index, following an
all-time high reached in fall and
winter of 1965, indicated in ad-,
vance the easing of expenditures
on durables in 1966 and their drop
in the winter of 1966-67. Gains
and losses of the Index in two con-
secutive quarters appear to have
greater predictive value than a
gain or loss in one quarter only.

The SRC's last report, issued
toward the end of 1966, conclud-
ed that "a further deterioration
of consumer sentiment appears to
be dependent on new bad news."
However, income trends remain-
ed very satisfactory.t
According to the present SRC
report, "to sustain the improve-
ment in consumer sentiment ob-
served during the last few months,
absence of bad news may not
suffice. Good news is needed to
revitalize consumer optimism,."


THE STATE SENATE yesterday approved a resolution cre-
ating a committee to promote a Flag Day March June 14 to
demonstrate support for American soldiers in Vietnam. Sen. Basil
Brown (D-Highland Park), chairman of the seven-man com-
mittee, said, "This has nothing to do about sentiment on the war.
This is just to show our soldiers doing their duty in Vietnam we
are supporting them." Brown said he hoped other large.cities such
as Lansing and Grand Rapids would also plan rallies or marches.
GOV. GEORGE ROMNEY has approved an economic oppor-
tunity grant of more than $296,000 for a legal services demon-
stration and research project in Detroit.
Detroit was one of two cities selected for the pilot project.
Chicago is the other. The project provides for legal council to
groups of poor or grass roots organizations composed of indigent

Survey Research Center, and Eva
Mueller, also a program director
at the SRC, are designed to: 1)
measure consumer expectations
and intentions to buy, and 2) ex-
plore the reasons for" changes in,

State Senate Votes To Establish Extra
Community College for Wayne County

Two Measures
The SRC uses both an income habituation to bad as well as to
and a "willingness to buy" meas-{ good news. This factor has been
ure in its surveys. Discretionary! frequently observed in the past
spending by consumers depends twenty years A
upon both people's ability to buy ers into contact with a variety
(chiefly their income) and their oers venopentswthavretd
willingness to buy (as measured by of developments that created
changes in the Index of Consumcr' doubt and uncertainty in their
Sentiment device). Each without minds. Sizable price increases were
the other is only half the story. resented and led to the postpone-
According to the SRC report, ment of some purchases; rising
aferding in eh qartert, ofinterest rates were thought to
after declining in each quarter of hamper business activity; an ex-
1966, the Index recovered some lost perusines ivity; an es-
ground during the last three. pected increase in income tax rates
monds de was seen as reducing purchasing
The survey indicates that the power: the influence of the war
en suimrve ntint sumat rin Vietnam on domestic business
recent improvement in consumer was increasingly viewed in terms
sentiment was "more pronounced of inflation and higher taxes rath-
among upper income people than I er than of growing employment.
in middle and lower income brack- In the 1966 quarters, the SRC
ets." This was likewise true of the pointed out that there was not
rif~inntr~ Hric 1 A TT,','r'_."-,- -_I.4

By HELEN JOHNSON problem: "The boundaries right reasons for supporting a single"
The State Senate passed a bill now are not adequate." additional district:
last week which allows for the In fact, Wayne voters decided -"It would better serve long-
establishment of an additional in March to establish an addi- range interests and provide the
community college district in tional district but failed to appro- best community college oppor-
Wayne County. Action in the priate the necessary 1.5 millage. tunities;
House is expected soon. Objection was reported to have __"It would make better use of
'The bill also provides that the come primarily from the Detroit the tax dollar;
board of trustees for the college be area, and support from the south- -"In a highly urbanized area,
elected from seven districts "as western portion of the county.-gd
equal in population and area as The question then became this would avoid duplication of
possible." whether to create one or two specialized programs and the
Alex Canja, executive director districts. needed teaching personnel;
of the State Board for Public and Last month the State Board of -"The resources of the High-
Community College's, says that, Education rejected a Wayne land Park Community College and
hopefully, the trustees will be County Intermediate School Dis- the Detroit Public Schools would
ready to take office next Jan. 1, trict proposal to form two addi- be immediately available for use

there is a higher percentage of
Negroes in the Detroit area. Ap-
proval of the separate southwest-
ern district, she explained, would
be officially recognizing de' facto
House Acceptance Likely
Edwin Novak, president of the
State Board of Education, com-
mented that his aides claim the
bill "is progressing at a good rate"
and probably would meet accept-
ance in the House.
Neither Novak or Brennon,
however, express such optimism
about its eventual reception by
Detroit voters.

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