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May 13, 1967 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-05-13

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Seventy-Sixth Year

Big Bureaucracy
Threat, to City Life

~. -


NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

U Thant's Prediction:
Prologue to Destruction

expressed the fear of all the peoples of
e world when he said in an address
sterday that "the initial phase of World
ar III" is being fought in Vietnam.
Speaking before the United Nations
rrespondents Association, Thant said
at if present trends continue, a direct
afrontation between Peking and Wash-
gton could not be avoided.
"If you recall the series of events
ding to World War I and World W ar
Thant explained, "you will realize
at, the prologues were quite long; what
nean is the psychological climate, the
eation of .political attitudes, took some
ne and. when conditions were ripe for
ne plausible excuse, then the global
.rs were triggered.
"In my view tod.-v we are witnessing
nilar conditions," he concluded.
HE TRUTH of Thant's statements is
painfully evident, for even as he was
eaking, a British merchant vessel out
Hong Kong reported that Communist
inese ships in the port of Haiphong
d fired on American] planes during a
cent bombing mission.
rhant's prediction of a world war is,
)st assuredly a device to put pressure

on the Johnson administration to cease
the bombing of North Vietnam -- Thant's
formula for the starting of negotiations.
But UN Ambassador Arthur Goldberg's
reply to-Thant's speech only more clear-
ly illustrates the inflexibility of the Amer-
ican position.
Goldberg said he disagreed with
Thant's assessment of the Vietnamese
situation and that the U.S. reaction to
Thant's March 14 proposals were "forth-
coming and affirmative"; in contrast to
what he termed Hanoi's "negative atti-
tude." Goldberg also said that the U.S.
would be most willing to engage in a
conference "conducted in the spirit of
the Geneva Agreements."
THANT'S DIPLOMATIC skills have been
to no avail. The bombing of increas-
ingly large and more populated targets
continue. The American troop commit-
ment becomes larger. The U.S. position
on the cessation of the bombing remairs
intransigent. And the American position
continues to be explained in the most
self-righteous of terms.
The prologue may be long, but it is un-
deniably a prologue to destruction.

Letters to the Editor

The Draft is Too Mneh Wih I T

T LOOKS LIKE the present military
draft system is going to be around for
On Thursday the Senate passed a four-
'ar extension of the system with only
inor changes. The bill is likely to have
en less difficulty in the House.
Many people had hoped that the in-
eased death toll in Vietnam and dis-
tisfaction with the war and the draft
home would lead to major revisions
the draft system-perhaps a lottery or
Auntary -service.Bult this attitude rep-
stents a naive view of the role that the
ilitary plays in the American political
id economic system.
'HE DRAFT does much more than pro-
vide the manpower needed to fight
e war in Vietnam. Through its system
selective deferments, it also provides
e manpower to staff the positions lab-
ed as in the "public interest"-posi-
ans within the military-industrial-edu-
,tional complex.
Periodically, Pentagon officials meet
.th leaders of big companies that manu-
cture products necessary for defense.
agether, they have worked out a sys-
m that will provide deferments for
lough people in certain positions in in-
istry and research. This information is

then passed on to the local draft boards,
who defer people working in plants and
research centers under contract from the
Department of Defense.
This policy of providing for the man-
power needs of big business and the war
machine is implicit in the name Selective
Service System. And publications put out
by the draft boards show that they are
very proud of their role as the guardians
of our economic system.
President Johnson's proposed lottery
system would merely substitute one evil
for another. It would still provide the
manpower needed to fight the ugly war
in Vietnam, and would still make it pos-
sible, through manipulation of the man-
power pool, to defer those people in occu-
pations defined as "vital to the national
interest. A volunteer army wouldn't
change this situation either.
THE MILITARY DRAFT is a symptom of
an American corporate network which
relies on defense spending for its liveli-
hood. Opponents of American aggressive
policies which operate with manpower
drawn from the draft should realize that
to change these policies, they will have to
eliminate the mentality that the Selec-
tive Service has helped to create.

Your editorial conment, "You
Always Gotta Watch 'em (May 6)
has a built-in booby-trap of which
you may net be aware. Since dirt
files are anathema and you ask
why they should be kept in the
first place, let us return toregis-
tration forms of 20-30 years past
in which students race and reli-
gion were routinely requested.
These provided legitimate statis-
tical data for sociological evalua-
Discrimination! Bias! Undemo-
cratic! These outcries resulted in
elimination of any means whereby
University administration could
assemble data for future evalua-
Now the federal government be-
rates the University for not hir-
ing enough Negroes. Just how do
you thing they obtained that in-
formation in the first place? Don't
be naive. There is one set of rec-
ords for "civil rights" purposes,
and another for "civil rights ma-
nipulation." -
WHAT A BIG fat joke! To elim-
inate discrimination we must know
the very facts about a person
which cause the discrimination in
the first place. To be certain of
equal employment we must gath-
er data which is forbidden by law.
The one saving grace is that
rebel-rousing students have a way

of growing into middle-aging con-
servatives. The shame is that a
person can never outgrow his
race, religion, or national origin.
-Jerome S. Miller
BS '47, MS '49, PhD '55
Michigan Alumnus'
I was disturbed by a passage
about the recent Honors Convoca-
tion in your "Moment for Michi-
;an" page in the May 1967 issue
of "The Michigan Alumnus." Some
of the sentences in question ran:
They (tha students receiving
honors) looked like the kid next
loor or across the street. I couldn't
see a beatnik in the place." It
;eems to me that a great univer-
sity should encourage creativity,
intellectual freedom, innovation,
and a healthy challenge of the
status quo-these being to some
extent associated with, or even
symbolized by, so-called "beat-
niks." ,
position would tend to involve you
in apologizing for student "beat-
niks," demonstrators, etc., and in
maintaining a respectable image
of the University, you should also
recognize the importance to at
least some alumni of the more
dynamic qualities of a university
as mentioned above. If your edi-
torial reflects a dominant philos-

ophy of the Alumni Assoc
one that guides it in its
priation of funds - I w
trouble making future c
tions to the association
-G. T. Gardn
News lip
American Kultur comes
"We don't burn down
hospitals they've got thou
cause that's against the
he added. "We just boo
out and take all the medi
-Detroit News,5
Another instructor, a se
said some men in his u.
cut off arms of dead Vie
"because Charlie belie
comes back to earth af
ing to heaven and we
want him coming back wi
"The colonel madeu
doing that," he said.
HE WALKED slowly i
of the students' bleacher
onstrating the little flick
wrist at waist level tha
throw a blazing matchb
to a straw hut withou
-Ben Z.]

During several months of
hearings, Sen. Ribicoff's sub-
committee on urban affairs has
been trying to discover whether
a crash program can succeed
in rehabilitating the nation's
cities. Lewis Mumford, 71, for
years the country's foremost au-
thority in the field of technol-
ogy and urban problems, testi-
fied recently.
His comments, excerpted from
the committee record, are re-
printed here in the first of a
two-part series.
By profession I am a writer-
not an architect, an engineer, or a
cityplanner; and though I have
been a professor of city and re-
gional planning at the University
of Pennsylvania I have no wish
to appear before you as an urb-
an specialist, an "expert," an au-
thority. But please do not read
any false humility into this state-
ment. All the colossal mistakes
that have been made during the
last quarter century in urban re-
newal, highway building, trans-
portation, land use, and recrea-
tion have been made by highly
qualified experts and specialists-
and as regards planning, I should
blush to be found in their com-
pany ...
SURELY it is time that there
was a general realization of the
fact that we must deliberately
contrive a new urban pattern;
one that will more effectively mo-
bilize the immense resources of
our great metropolises without ac-
cepting the intolerable congestion
that has driven increasing num-
bers of people to seek-at what-
ever sacrifice of time and social
opportunity-at least a tempor-
ary breathing space in less con-
gested suburban areas. The new
form of the city must be conceiv-
ed on a regional scale. Not sub-
ordinated to a single dominant
center, but as a network of cities
of different forms and sizes, set
in the midst of publicly protected
ciation- open spaces permanently dedicat-
s appro- ed to agriculture and recreation.
ill have In such a regional scheme the
ontribu- metropolis would be only the first
in good among equals.
This is the organic type of city
ner, '65 that' the technology of our time,
the electric grid; the telephone,
the radio, television, fast trans-
ppings portation, information storage
and transmission, has made possi-
to Viet- ble. A handful of planners, notably
Christopher Tunnard, has seen the
n these implications of this new scale in
ight be- urban planning. But most of our
rules," planning authorities still remain
t them like a scratched phonograph rec-
cines." ord, with the needle stuck in the
5/7/67 old metropolitan groove. Many
people, since the publication of
ergeant, Jean Gottmann's monumental sur-
nit had vey, have tried to take comfort
et Cong in the thought that the present
ves he disordered and disintegrating urb-
ter go- an mass, which Gottmann has
didn't popularized as "megalopolis." is
hole." in fact the modern form of the
us stop city, new, dynamic, and inevitable,
whether we like it or not.
-Ibid That is a silly idea, worthy only
of a Marshall McLuhan or a Tim-
in front othy Leary. You might say of this
s dem- sprawling megalopolitan nonenti-
of the ty, in McLuhan's terminology, that
t could the mess is the message. And the
ook in- more massive the mess, the more
t being muddled the message.
-Ibid NOW, I have had to explain to
Rubin myself why the ideas we put for-
ward during the last half cen-
tury often proved politically and
R financially acceptable, but only at
the price of being sterilized, dehu-
manized, and degraded. But the
full explanation dawned on me
R only recently in the course of an
analysis I have been making on
the basic assumptions and goals
)nth she that have governed all large-scale
aone. technology since the Pyramid Age
"games in Egypt some 5000 years ago.
"Agency From the earliest stages of civ-
ith more ilization on, as I read the evidence,
neously. the most striking advances in mass

anted to technology have been the outcome
ions the of centralized organizations, delib-
ade on a erately expanding power in every
a U.S. form-mechanical power, political
Rights. power, .military power, financial
ter. The power, and not least the scientific
ie State power tof accurate analysis and
rat they prediction-to achieve control over
et on the both the natural environment and
any in- s
of the
hat they
ing from
the mat-
't even a
't a card
to some-
st. Later,
Lled back
f Budget
on the
Pend all
per, and. u'
they al-
old. And
st intro-
I asked
We don't
here . . ."
do have

-Associated Press
the human community. The as-
tounding mechanical success of
these high-powered technologies is
due to their method of systemat-
ically breaking down ecological
complexities by deliberately elim-
inating the human factor ...
The main point to observe is
that there is a deep-seated antag-
onism between a mechanistic,
power-centered economy and the
far older organic, life-centered
economy; for a life economy seeks
continuity, variety, orderly and
purposeful growth. Such an econ-
omy is cut to the human scale, so
that every organism, every com-
munity, every human being shall
have the variety of goods and ex-
periences necessary for the ful-
fillment of his own individual life-
course, from birth to death.
The basis of a !life economy is
a respect for 'organic limits. It
seeks not the greatest possible
quantity of any particular good,
but the right quantity, of the right
quality, at the right place and the
right time, for the right purpose.
Too muen of any one thing is as
fatal to living organisms as too
IN CONTRAST, a power econo-
my is designed for the continuous
expansion of a limited number of
uniform goods-those are special-
ly adapted to quantity production
and remote control. Apart from
enlarging thep rovince of mechan-
ization and automation itself, the
chief goal of this economy is to
produce the greatest amount of
power, prestige, or profit for the
distant controllers of the mega-
Though these modern po'er sys-
tems produce a maximum quanti-
ty of highly specialized products
-motor .cars, refrigerators, wash-
ing machines, rockets, nuclear
bombs-they cannot, on their own
terms, do justice to the far more
complex and varied needs of hu-
man life, for these needs cannot
be mechanized and automated,
still less controlled and suppress-
ed, without killing smething es-
sential to the life of the organ-
ism or to the self-respect of the
human personality...
For the last century, we Ameri-
cans have been systematically in-
doctrinated in the virtues of mass
production and have accepted with
unction the plethora of goods of-
fered, in which even those on
public relief now participate. But
we have been carefully trained
to Jook only at the plus side of
the equation, and to close our eyes
to the appalling defects and fail-
ures that' issue from the very
success of the megamachine we
have created,
No sound public policy in hous-
ing and urban renewal can be for-
mulated till we have reckoned with
these liabilities. The overproduc-
tion of motor cars has not only
wrecked our once-efficient and
well-balanced transportation sys-
tem, and turned our big cities into
hollow sheils, exploding with viol-
ence; but it has polluted the air
with lethal carbon monoxide, and
even, with the use of lead in gaso-
line, dangerously poisoned our wa-
ter and food. The chemical in-
dustry, in its undisciplined effort,
to sell a maximum amount of its
products, has poisoned our soils
and our foods with DDT, malath-
ion, and other deadly compounds,
while heedlessly befouling our wa-
ter supply with detergents.




Capitol Hill's Waste Maher.


Waiting in the Wings

find itself hard put in choosing a sat-
factory nominee for the 1968 presiden-
al elections.
Each prospective candidate seems to
ort a fatal albatross: Romney contin-
lly contradicts himself on foreign and
mestic issues, and has made but few
ends among members of the pres.;
xon is a two-time loser; Reagan is
mpletely unacceptable to the moderate
ng of the party; Percy and Hatfield are
th too dovish; and Rockefeller has
en shunted aside by his .divorce.
None of them, in short, is acceptable.
e ideal GOP standard bearer should be
irly young and attractive, have a beau-
ul wife and seem to be a "winner." He
ould have an acceptable war record
he more medals, the better) and also
familiar with the present Vietnam
'e Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
legiate Press Service
ummqr subscription rate: $2.00 per term by car-
r; ($2.50 by mail) $4.00 for entire summer ($4.50
Daily except Monday during regular academic school
)aily except Sunday and Monday during regular
omer session.
econd class postage paid at Ann Arbor. Michigan
Maynard St., Ann Arbor. Michigan. 48104,
c..___,_ j~~.s._ 1 rf~r

morass. Any positions of leadership in
his past will be extremely helpful, but
above all, he should be flexible and make
himself attractive to all political camps.
General Westmoreland? No, Premier Ky.
rTHE TRUTH can now be told. "Nguy-
en Cao Ky" was born Lin Dun in China-
town, New York, working his way through
CONY by stuffing fortune cookies in a
local restaurant.
Immediately after receiving his sheep-
skin, he was contacted by the CIA which
needed an undercover agent in Vietnam
and which whisked him away to the mys-
terious Far East. This, of course, means
that he is now qualified to run for Presi-
dent of the United St.tes.
His campaign is already underway, al-
though very few realize it.
EVERYONE THINKS he's going to run
for president of South Vietnam. Dont
be fooled. Yesterday, Ky gave the first
indication of ambitions that reach far
beyond the Saigon presidential palace.
He's sending up a trial balloon design-
ed to tEst American public opinion, tnd
to determine the extent of his popuhtr-
ity here at home. If successful, he will
withdraw from the Asian race-note how
he gave himself an "out" by stating that
he wouldn't run against General Thieu
and return for hero's welcome on Fifth

WASHINGTON - Those who
think Detroit is the nation's larg-
est one-industry town are going
to be in for a surprise-Washing-
ton beats them hands down. And
what does this town on the Po-
tomac, which John Kennedy call-
ed a mixture of southern efficiency
and northern hospitality, produce?
Tons of used paper.
Whenever a congressman or
senator comes up with an opinion
on anything from Vietnam to
the significance of changing the
date of Rumanian Independence
Day from May 10 to May 9, hun-
dreds of pages of press releases
go out to every newspaper, maga-
zine, radio-TV station, or sub-bu-
reaucrat who might be interested.
What is actually said, however,
is rarely significant. The recip-
ients aren't really interested in
most congressmen's ideas; what
is important is that it is a boost
to their .egos to be on someone's
mailing list. Conversely, congress-
men retain their self-confidence
when they can believe someone is
listening to them.
Then, of course, there are the
tons of letters, imploring lawmak-
ers to give opinions, asking for
requests, and telling the represen-
tatives where they can go. Each
one must be politely answered tell-
ing the correspondent how much
their advice is valued, and along
with the latest portrait of and
news release from the congress-

ed the entire bundle on to his un-
suspecting constituent with the
message: "I hope the enclosed ma-
terial will contain the informa-
tion you requested."
Another source of used paper
is provided by the Congressional
Record. The day after each con-
gressman places his words of
wisdom in the Record, he orders
two dozen or so copies (which run
about 700 pages each), tears out
the page or two on which his
statement appears, and discards
the remainder in the hallway, to
be picked up and used as land fill
in some Washington garbage
All this leads one to wonder who
the men in Washington actually
work for . . the national interest,
or the interests of Kimberly-Clark'
and International Papers.
"Seven Days in May," a novel
by Bailey and Knebel, contains all
sorts of behind-the-scenes subter-
fuge, military coups, and secret
plots which are aimed at over-
throwing the U.S. government.
Nonsense. To bring Washington to
a standstill, one would merely have
to go around to all federal build-
ings and confiscate every waste-
paper basket. Within a day every-
one would be steeped in his own
trash, the government would be-
come completely unable to carry
HERE IS WHAT a typical at-
tempt to unsnarl the wheels of
the federal bureaucracy is like.
A nnnrarman'g.Perarnv was told

information, but next m
is getting a push-button ph
The greatest fun and
can be found playing'
Roulette-trying to deal w
than one agency simulta
For example, someone w
learn what recommendat
State Department had ma
recent bill dealing with
Commission on Human
Apparently a small mat
appropriate office in th
Department declared th
had forwarded their repor
bill to the Bureau of the
a month earlier, and were<
clearance before releasing
formation. The Bureau
Budget, however, swore t
had never received anyth
the State Department ont
ter, and that there wasn
card filed on the subjec
Washington if thereisn't
filed or number given b
thing, then it doesn't exi
the State Department ca:
to say that the Bureau o
assured therm clearance
matter within a month.
Congressmen don't sp
their time producing pa
consuming phone lines ...
so have images to uph
anyone familiar with the
circuit in Washington un
this phenomenon. My fir
duction to it came when
someone what type of
one might find in D.C. "
have any Playboy Clubs h
he renlid. " hut we


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