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August 10, 1967 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1967-08-10

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH. NEWS PHONE: 764-0552
Truth Will Prevailf
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Defending the NationalGuard

THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: LUCY K NNEDYI

The Books-Budget Battle

T IS MILDLY IRONIC that the framers
of the new New York constitution
should have proposed a system of free
higher education in that state at the
same 'time as our own Legislature was
forcing tuition hikes and spending cut-
backs for all Michigan institutions of
higher learning, and while a third state,
California, was considering instituting in-
state tuition payments for the first time
in the history of its university system.
Examining the contrasts between pub-
lic higher education in these three states
can be enlightening, not only for the
reason that the states themselves are so
much alike, .but also because between
them, California, Michigan and New
York account for 23 per cent of the pop-
ulation of the United States.
And the three are indeed similar. All
are large, industrialized and populous. All
are plagued by today's urban problems-
slum conditions, schools, crime, mass
transportation, air pollution, and, of
course, rioting. Politically, all three have
Republican governors interested in the
Presidency.
And all three state legislatures are con-
cerned with how their constituents' hard-
earned tax dollars are being spent.
EACH STATE must necessarily finance a
number of operations, and higher edu-
cation can only be a part of the budget.
To many state legislators-and indeed
many taxpayers-money appropriated for
highways, police, primary and secondary
education, and even welfare is better
spent than funds allocated to higher edu-
cation, which many consider to be a
waste of time. To a large extent, the
quality of public higher education in a
state varies inversely with the percentage
of the people of that state who believe
this to be true.
California and Michigan have long
been justifiably famous' for their com-
prehensive networks of colleges, junior
colleges and universities, including
Berkeley and the University, the only two
state-supported institutions continually
ranked among the finest universities in
the nation.
New York's higher education, on the
other hand, is rather confused. The State
University of New York, on campuses
throughout the state, is not large enough
to handle the number of New Yorkers
who wish to attend college. The highly

competitive City University of New York,
open only to city residents, is likewise
besieged by thousands of qualified appli-
cants for a limited number of openings.
But neither of these is quite up to par
with any of the really first-class insti-
tutions of higher education.
REACTION IN NEW YORK to the "free
higher education" proposal has gen-
erally been skeptical. Governoi Rockefel-
ler commented that the state constitu-
tion should guarantee that "no one in
New York State should be denied a col-
lege education because he or she lacks
the ability to pay for it," but leading edu-
cators seem to fear that a loss of tuition
payments would not be supplemented by
increased state appropriations, a situa-
tion which would be disastrous to the al-
ready chaotic system.
On the West Coast, Governor Reagan's
attempts sto cut University of California
appropriations and initiate tuition pay-
ments by in-state students resulted in
partial failure last year. Just two weeks
ago, however, Reagan proposed a $250 a
year tuition fees of which 50 per cent
would go to support loans and scholar-
ships for students from the less-affluent
families. The plan comes up for consider-
ation at the regents' meeting at the end
of this month, and most Cal students are
gloomily predicting that it will be ac-
cepted. If it is, the tuition fees should
just about make up the difference be-
tween the pre- and post-Reagan operat-
ing budget, which was cut last year by $2
million.
And of course we all know what is go-
ing on in Michigan. Like everyone else,
students at the University will be paying
more for tuition next year, and also more
in dorm fees.
ONE CAN ONLY HOPE that tight budg-
ets like those of Michigan and Cali-
fornia will not do too much to impair the
excellence of their public higher educa-
tion. High tuition fees can drive gifted
but poor students away, just as "auster-
ity" budgets can slow down construction
of physical facilities and the hiring and
retention of talented professors.
Politicians from all over would do well
to note the benefits higher education
can bring to a state, and act accordingly
when the time comes to appropriate
funds or set tuition levels.
-JENNY STILLER

By TRACY BAKER
During the recent civil dis-
turbance in Detroit, Daily re-
porter Tracy Baker served with
a unit of the Michigan National
Guard. His battalion, a member
of the elite Selected Reserve
Force, saw action in the hard-
est-hit riot areas. This is the
first of a two-part series.
DETROIT - The city is calm
now. After a week of what a vet-
eran of street fighting in towns
and cities in Europe called "flat-
out war," the streets of Detroit
are returning to an approximation
of normality.
BUT IN ARMORIES across the
state and nation, and in the
Pentagon offices of the National
Guard Bureau, officers and en-
listed men alike study news media
accusationsathat the Guard is
"poorly trained, blood-thirsty and
incompetent."
"Absolutely inaccurate," Lieu-
tenant Frederick Drosten termed
charges of "blood-lust." "I saw
many cases where my men ex-
ercised every possible restraint
prior to firing," the lieutenant
continued. 'Why, in one night
alone, in the 13th precinct, we
pulled in over 150 people-loot-
ers, arsonists, and snipers-with-
out firing a shot. And at one time
during the night, when a prison-,
er torched the station and ;here
was a good chance of the whole
place burning down and the pris-
oners were planning to rush the
Guardsmen posted at the door of
thebullpen, no one panicked, no
one fled upstairs."
Lt. Col. Henry Van Kampen,
the commander of a battalion of
airborne Guardsmen, explained:
"The Guard wasn't bloodthirsty
or jittery-at least not this bat-
talion-but we just applied basic
infantry tactics."
CAPT. FRANK STORtER, com-
manding officer of a rifle com-
pany, agreed. "We weren't 'trig-
ger-happy,' " Storer said, "but
when the situation called for ac-
tion, we took action. We didn't
just sit around. I'm well satisfied
with the performance of my men,
and if they can satisfy me, then
they must have done a damn
good job." Men in Storer's com-
pany described him as "an ex-
tremely demanding officer, satis-
field with nothing less than per-
fection."
Maj. James N. McNally, who is
the operations and training of-
ficer of the same battalion, also
made some comments. "This bat-

talion has been called bloody,'"
McNally admitted, but I know of
only two instances, one official
and one by hearsay, where our
people killed a sniper. Although
we were involved in many other
fights, we have no credit for other
kills. I know of no instance where
a member of this command was
involved in unnecessary blood-
letting."
Some civilians also felt that
charges of 'blood-lust' among
Guardsmen were false. One Ne-
gro, an insurance salesman, talk-
ed briefly in an East Side bar.
"Look, baby," he explained, "them

geant, as he waved a sheet of
paper: "How in the hell can we
be trigger-happy? When we first
came down here, we were told not
to load 'our weapons. Now we got
written orders telling us not to
load or fire even if we get shot at.
We gotta wait for an officer to
come. Hell! we can't be trigger-
happy. We can't even protect our-
selves."
Some Guardsmen thought the
order had been passed down to
their units only, but Maj. McNally
said that it went out to Guards-
men and Army troops alike. He
explained: "It was part of a pro-

POUL WASN'T alone. A regular
Army master sergeant, veteran of
Korea and Vietnam, exploded at
the mention of a local paper.
"These guys in the Guard have
done a damned fine job," he said.
"I can't really di'scuss any of the
recent stories, because after the
first couple of days it was ob-
vious that they were full of crap.
They've been chopping up the
Guard since summer camp, and
I haven't bothered to read any
more of them." The sergeant had
a one-word explanation for the
stories: "Politics."
Pvt. Charlie Lattimer, a Negro
member of a tank outfit, com-
mented: "We had an incident one
night about midnight. We'd put
out all the streetlights when sud-
denly a car with its brights on
pulled up behind us on our per-
sonhel carrier. We told the re-
porters to get the hell out of
there. Next day in the paper we're
nervous and panicky. How are we
supposed to react when some idiot
drives along with no concern for
his safety or ours; when he il-
luminates us like a flare at mid-
night and when all he wants is
to get a crummy story to sell his
paper the next morning."
Lt. Drosten, told a story about
a man who, unarmed and alone'
entered the residence of a person
who had been heard to threaten
the life of a police officer, and ap-
plied mouth-to-mouth resuscita-
tion to an infant whom he
thought was dying of spinal men-
ingitis. "If that's a jittery, panicky
man," said Drosten, "then I guess
we were jittery." McNally affirm-
ed that Guardsmen had been in-
volved in several humanitarian
acts, and commented bitterly that
"the public never hears about
things like that, because they
don't make good copy."
ONE OF THE most frequently
voiced complaints of Guardsmen
was that the federal troops were
credited with more accomplish-
ments than they deserved.
Col. Van Kampen said: "It
would be foolish to try to claim
that we are as well trained as the
best professional soldiers in the
world, but our battalion went into
the near East Side 'Monday and
quieted the area for the federal
troops who arrived on Tuesday."
Lt. Drosten felt that the Guard,
"compared to the federal troops,
was good, but that it left some

things to be desired." Drosten
claimed that Guardsmen were at
a psychological disadvantage. "Be-
cause of the strategy of using a
show of force. our people had to
stay in the open, exposing them-
selves," Drosten said.
Ole first lieutenant claimed
that the federal troops had lost a
machine gun while on patrol. He
also mentioned that while no
Guard troops had been picked up
by the police, "more than one fed-
eral trooper is being held on sus-
,icion of looting."
POLICE OFFICERS seemed to
agree: at least those who worked
with both Guard and federal
troops. One East Side patrolman
said: "When we had the federal
troops here, we had to almost use
a club to get them to do anything.
With these guys fromdthe guard,
we gotta use a club to get some-
where before they do."
A state trooper told of an in-
cident he experienced: "My part-
ner and I were riding the streets
with two federal pfc.'s in the back
seat of the car. We pulled up to a
house wheresniper activity had
been reported, and when we start-
to get out out of the car, the para-
troopers in the back told us they'd
'see us if we got back'."
Most Guards rejected the idea
that additional training in civil
disturbance control would have
ensured better performance dur-
ing the crisis. A former military
policeman now in the Guard, ex-
plained: "Civil disturbance train-
ing is the same as mob control. I
never saw a mob. From the time
we got down there, all there was
house-to-house fighting."
Maj. McNally elaborated on the
comment. "We've had all the riot
training required by the federal
government, and then some. But
in the situation we were in, more
riot training wouldn't have help-
ed. What we needed and used
was basic infantry tactics, and we
are well trained in them."
HOWEVER, opinions are not
the only evidence to refute claims
of National Guard ineptitude.
Suggested one enlisted man: "Tell
our story and tell it like it is,
man, and let the, facts speak for
themselves."
TOMORROW: Guardsmen tell
of some of the outstanding in-
cidents of the riot.

Guardsmen cleared street mobs .. .

federal troops got a lot of black
people in 'em. Now all these
papers, they say that if we see
black and white together we gon-
na cool it. But the straight is that
we know our own boys, and we
know that if a 'shooter' opens up
on a white guy he gonna try an'
see where the man shooting from;
but a colored boy, he gonna run
into the nearest building and start
shootin' on the first floor, an' he
gonna stop when he get to the
roof. If anybody gonna be trig-
ger-happy, baby, it's them para-
troopers,"
ENLISTED GUARD personnel
seemed to scoff at charges of over
zealous shooting. Said one ser-

gram to tiy to bring a semblance
of normal conditions into these
neighborhoods. In fact, the order
was flexible. Headlights could be
extinguished in, some areas, and
it was felt that there was enough
time for the officer leading a pa-
trol to give the order to lock and
load if fired on. We did not feel
that our people were in jeopardy,
or brother, believe me you would
have heard some complaints."
Sgt. David Poul was unhappy
with the order: "I'm personally
hurt that the man (Throckmor-
ton) lacked enough confidence in
us to have us on the street with
locked and loaded weapons. I
don't think reports of panicky
Guardsmen were at all accurate."

4

*.* and then watched for snipers

Letters to the Editor

REP: After the First Year

INITIATED only a year ago, the Radical
Education Project (REP), if support-
ed, shows definite promise of becoming
an effective means of providing a solid
base of educational information for the
"new left" movement.
Self-defined as "an independent edu-
cation, research and publication pro-
gram, devoted to the cause of democrat-
ic radicalism and aspiring to the creation
of a new left in America," REP has is-
sued over a dozen pamphlets and set up
an extensive speake's' bureau.
A 28 page list of "people who are will-
ing or anxious to speak on campuses to
SDS members and others" concerning
topics related to their respective areas
of interest has been compiled and dis-
tributed.
REP has also prepared a book of orig-
inal essays to be published next year con-
cerning various areas of special interest
to the new left. Position papers on elec-
toral politics, labor, the nation's univer-
sities, civil rights and black power are
just several of the topics included.
SIX STUDY GUIDES have also been
prepared and distributed covering
power in America,;Marxism, U.S. Foreign
History and U.S.-Chinese relations. In
addition to SDS members and others who
are sympathetic to the radical position,
more than a dozen teaching fellows and
professors are using these guides as a
basis for regular classroom courses.
Summer research programs and a na-
tional conference entitled "Radicals in
the Professions" are also included among
the accomplishments of the last 12
months.
All these have provided a good begin-
ning-but only a beginning.
A massive tentative nrogram has been

the Middle Class?", and 'Power, Social
Integration and Change"-have been de-
fined. Twelve subjects ranging from Lat-
in America and the Defense Department,
to today's educational theory and sys-
tems, have been designated for further
investigation and publication.
WORKING PAPERS that REP will edit
and publish as well as pamphlets de-
signed especially for SDS chapter use are
other projects being initiated. Counter-
curriculum material and programs, com-
mitments for further research, critiques
of particular professional and academic
disciplines are also being planned for the
near future.
Although many strides were made dur-
ing REP's first year in existence, the
majority of effort exerted by the 10-man
staff, including four full-time paid mem-
bers (at a $30 a week salary) was direct-
ed toward fund raising. Twenty thousand
dollars was provided through donations
alone.
REP's second year will face the same
basic problem - a continuing need for
funds. Again the staff must make financ-
ing its primary consideration. With so
small a group also because of a lack of
funds-REP is caught in a vicious circle.
In order to exist, funds must be raised,
but when most staff energy is bent to-
ward raising money, time spent on other
productive projects is severely limited.
The REP staff, after a year of less con-
centrated efforts, is now interested in de-
veloping more substantive projects and
publications which would go beyond the
level of a loosely constructed speakers'
bureau and publication of study guides
and reprints.
They must be allowed to follow this line
of rOpaln n r.m a+1arn + a 'in n rna

'U' Budget
The student and University com-
munity which reads the Daily
editorial page is entitled to a more
correct appraisal of the budget
planning and budget making in
the University than is contained
in the lead editorial of Wednesday,
August 9. It is incorrect to say
that there was "lack of efficient
administration contingency plan-
ning." It is also wrong to write
that the "lack of planning on the
part of the administration" will be
responsible for an "austerity pro-
gram in which funds expected by
the various departments will not
be available." The department
chairmen are not "at a distinct
and defenseless disadvantage."
They will not find out "only three
weeks before classes begin how
much their programs have been
cut."
All the chairmen have known
for three months the budget situ-
ation for the academic year begin-
ning at the end of August. As the
state budgetary situation began -to
clarify in Lansing, a number of
budget possibilities were abandon-
ed by the colleges and depart-
ments, in favor of the'""austerity"
budget now in effect. However,
this budget was constructed with
a view to minimal change in the
programs we offer or the faculty
and staff we employ.

IN OTHER WORDS, contin-
gency planning has taken place
for at least six months. We have
had to make certain assumptions.
One of these assumptions on
which this college made its budget
(and other units of the University
as well) was that the Legislature
would probably not appropriate
much more for the 1967-68 acade-
mic year than in the preceding
year. In brief, the final budget we
submitted to the University ad-
ministration and the Regents was
based on the very planning and
contingencies to which you refer.
That budget, clearly an "auster-
ity" budget, was accepted on a
tentative basis in July, and ap-
proved on a final basis in August.
Our "guesstimates" of the prob-
able appropriation turned out to
be correct.
The major point I wish to make
is that every chairman had been
fully advised of the probable bud-
get outlook. Departmental alloca-
tions, and salary adjustments,
tentative to be sure, were made
in late May and early June. To be
sure, this budget is inadequate to
our pressing needs. Nevertheless,
the greatest care was taken in its
preparation to be certain that the
educational functions of our de-
partments would be impaired as
little as possible. Unfortunately,

because of the action of the Legis-
lature, the tentative budget had
to become a final budget. It was
approved by the Regents on Tues-
day, August 8.
It is most unfortunate that the
editorial by Wallace Immen and
John Lottier created the impres-
sion of lack of planning and negli-
gence. Quite the contrary, every
chairman in this (and other col-
leges) knew quite well as long as
three months ago theprospect for
his budget possibilities for the
coming year. They have worked
long and hard to achieve the best
possible educational operation in
the face of limited funds.
I KNOW OF no department
which is planning to "eliminate
courses, sections, of teaching fel-
lows" solely because of the budget.
It is to be regretted that the extra
funds had to come out of tuition
iicreases rather than legislative
appropriations for general fund
operations.
William Haber,
Dean, Literary College

BARRY GOLDWATER

On Creativity and Excellence

I

IZ S siti

Talking to or about hippies
seems a virtual obligation these
days. Oddly enough the hippy
credo of "You do your thing, I'll
do mine," doesn't require all of
this attention. They would pre-
fer to be left alone. But the pun-
dits of the left keep reading deep
significance into the "movement"
so that being left alone just isn't
in the cards.
My two cents worth, therefore,
follows.
First of all let me make it plain
to friend and foe alike that the
sort of libertarian position to which
I adhere cannot condemn the
hippies. They have a perfect right
in a free society to go their way,
wear their flowers, sing their
songs, dance their dances, love
their love, as they see fit so long
as they do not harm others, in-
fringe on the rights of others or
expect others to pay their freight.
To their resounding credit, the
hippies by and large do not trans-
._ _ .. . , - _ _. _

say, against the "achieving so-
ciety." It is revolution in favor of
the values of "the simple life"
and, as Max Lerner puts it, "the
harmony of mind and body and
spirit that produces nothing, but
is there only for the joy of being
there."
It has seemed to me all along
that, in fact, the hippies did re-
flect such a trend. And I happen
to disagree with it altogether.
They are essentially, for instance,
anti-intellectual. They also are
disturbed by individualism and
very yfond of tribal society, col-
lective anonymity and certainly
against prideful creativity and
excellence.
In a very real sense, it seems
to me, the hippies are the ulti-
mate reactionaries of our times.
They not only want to halt the
clock but to send it spinning back-
ward into the pre-history of
tribalism.
AS FOR BEING against the
i-nn ..i cr - -niu[ 1 T - n n1

erated him from grinding drudg-
ery, raised him from common illit-
eracy, permitted him more wide-
spread individualism than pre-
viously granted to emperors, and
even pointed his feet toward the
stars, just as it has long aimed his
poems, songs, and dreams there-
and everywhere.
The achieving society, out of
which the hippies want to drop,
is the society in which the mind
of man reigns supreme, questing,
daring, questioning, dreaming,
and, above all, doing.
The tribal societies of which
they are so fond are not compe-
titive, it is true. Everyone is born
knowing his place and knowing
that it is useless to try to better
it. Loving the world of the Ameri-
can Indian, as I do, I, of course,
deeply respect such societies.
LOVING THE restless spirit
and mind of man even more, and
having the most profound faith

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