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July 07, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-07-07

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See editorial page

SirFA au

4 ir
:43a.t tu

Continued warm, little
chance of rain

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom





National College Associations
Support Academic Freedom

-Representatives of five national
organizations have agreed to a
tentative statement on the aca-
demic freedom of students.
The statement endorses such
rights as a student role in policy-
making and due'process for stu-
dents in disciplinary cases.
The five organizations are Am-
erican Association of Colleges
(AAC), the American Association
of University Professors (AAUP),
the National Association of Stu-
dent Personnel Administrators,

the National Association of Wo-
men's Deans and Counselors, and
the National Student Association
(NSA). The statement was pre-
pared by one representative from
each group and must be agreed
to by each organization's mem-
Perhaps the most signficant
thing about the statement is the
agreement of the American As-
sociation of Colleges represent-
ative. The AAC is composed of
small liberal arts colleges, where
the abridgement of student rights
is often most extensive.

By The Assoeiated Press
L4NSING - House Republicans yesterday proposed a 5 per
cent increase in appropriations to education, but said the in-
crease would depend on Senate approval of a 3-cent-per-pack
hike in the state cigarette tax.
"It's as simple as this: No cigarette tax - No increase in
school aid," said Rep. Clifford Smart, (R-Walled Lake) chairman
of the House Education Committee.
He said the education appropriations plan, which has the
backing of a majority of House Republicans, "goes with the
supposition the Senate will pass the cigarette tax."
The House already has approved the cigarette tax increase,
but Senate majority leader Emil Lockwood, (R-St. Louis), has
said Senate Republicans don't want to levy the increase unless
an emergency situation comes up.
The Senate, in adjournment since last Saturday after ap-
proval of the State's first income tax, was due to return to work
in Lansing today.
* * * *
LANSING - A controversial bill to liberalize Michigan's
abortion laws will be examined at a public hearing in Lansing
Aug. 21, the bill's sponsor, Sen. John McCauley, (D-Wyandott4),
said yesterday.
The bill would allow termination of a pregnancy if it was
determined to be necessary to the physical or mental health of
the mother or if there was a risk the child would be born with
a physical or mental ;defect in the case of a pregnancy caused
by rape or incest.
McCauley said he expects experts from many fields to testify
in support of the bill, which is being considered by the Senate
judiciary committee.
Several states have enacted bills similar to his, McCauley
said, including California, Colorado and North Carolina.
THE UNIVERSITY REGENTS are tentatively scheduled to
meet Tuesday, July 11 to act on the 1967-68 budget. The meeting
is set for 2 p.m. in the Regents Room of the Administration
The July 21 meeting has been canceled, and Regents will meet
again Aug. 8. No August meeting had been scheduled previously.
Remaining meetings are to be Sept. 15, Oct. 20, Nov. 17, and
Dec. 15.
UNIVERSITY SCIENTISTS may probe the bottom of Lake
Michigan in a research submarine again next year, according
to A. Geoffrey Norman, vice president for research. Norman said
recently he was "confident" that the University can find sources
of support funds. The institute of Science and Technology's Great
Lakes Research Division recently completed a two-week study of
the lake bottom, utilizing the General Dynamics Star II sub-
WASHINGTON, D. C., (CPS) - The dismissal of 14 stu-
dents and five faculty members by Howard University has drawn
the attention of both the American Association of University
Professors and the American Civil Liberties Union.
Howard, which also suspended three other students, said the
students and faculty members were "disruptive of the basic edu-
cational process of the University." There were several demon-
strations at Howard earlier this year, including one against
Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey.
Thomas Truss of the AAUP said his organization has only
begun to investigate the Howard case. The faculty members in-
volved have filed a complaint with the AAUP. The AAUP's first
step will be to go to the Howard administration and attempt to
resolve the ' case. If that fails, the organization may consider
further investigations and evenually possible blacklisting.

Some of the major provisions
of the report include:
-A long list of due process re-
quirements in major cases, in-
cluding putting the burden of
proof on the college and guar-
anteeing the student's right to
defend himself.
-The right to attend college
without regard to race, to invite
speakers of students' own choos-
ing, and to have complete free-
dom of off-campus action without
fear of university punishment for
the violation of civil laws.
-Protection of students from
"arbitrary and prejudiced" grad-
ing by professors.
-A free student press. When-
ever possible, the statement says,
student newspapers should be
legally and financially autono-
mous from the university as a
separate corporation. When this
is not possible, the statement ur-
ges a student press sufficiently
autonomous to remain a vehicle
for freedom of inquiry and ex-
It took the drafting committee
almost a year to iron out the
disagreements between the groups.
NSA's representative on the com-
mittee, National Affairs Vice
President Ed Schwartz, said NSA
and the AAC were usually on op-
posite sides of most of the argu-'
ments, with the AAUP somewhere
in the middle. Schwartz said the
committee clashed over two ma-
jor points.
The AAC wanted to include sev-
eral satatements that student
rights and freedoms would vary
from campus to campus. The
other organizations though this
might be used as an escape clause
to ignore the recommendations
of the statement.
Finally, all references to this
were dropped except one and it
was changed to read that pro-
cedures "may vary from campus
to campus, but the minimal stan
dards of academic freedom of stu-
dents outlined (in the statement)
are essential to any community
of scholars."
The second disagreement was
over the tone of the statement.
Schwartz said certain portions
seemed almost condescending to
students, such as a statement that
'Students should exercise .their
freedom with responsibility and
maturity." There was no mention
of the student role in decision-
Schwartz told the group that
NSA could not support the docu-
ment in that form. As a result the
tone was changed, including the
dropping of the word "maturity"
from that one passage.
Schwartz says there are a lot
of loopholes in the statement
which will have to be plugged.
But he called the statement "a
significant step forward, consid-
ering the organizations involved."
He says he will recommend that
NSA approve it at its National
Student Congress this summer.
One key to ironing out the doc-
ument's problems, according to
Schwartz, is a committee which
would be established to interpret
it and apply its provisions to in-
dividual cases. The committee will
consist of one representative from
each of the five organizations.
But an even more important
question is whether college ad-
ministrators will accept the state-
ment. Earlier this year, a survey
by the magazine College Manage-
ment of the reactions of 225 col-
lege presidents to the AAUP draft
statement on student freedom
showed that most presidents agree
basically with student freedoms
but fewer were able to go along
with specific applications such as
a completely free student press or
a free student choice of speakers.

-Associated Press


Congo Asks End
To Mercenaries
Ambassador Says Foreign Troop
Seek To Depose President Mobut
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (MP)-The Congolese government cal
on the Security Council on last night to urge all member natic
to forbid recruitment of mercenaries by "an international Maf
allegedly seeking to overthrow President Joseph D. Mobutu.
The appeal was made at an urgent meeting of the 15 nati
council called at the request of Congolese Ambassador Theod
Idzumbuir told the council that two planeloads of mercenar
landed Wednesday at Kisagani, formerly Stanleyville, to aid die
dent Congolese groups in trying to replace Mobutu with a "m

Secretary of State Dean Rusk spoke to the Lions International Convention in Chicago yesterday amid
Anti-Vietnam War banners and protesters. These protests delayed the start of his speech con-
cerning the affairs of state.
City-Student Group To Debate
Voter Registration Procedure

Student voter registration will
be the topic of debate for the first
meeting of a city-student liason
committee scheduled for next
Tuesday, Roy 'Ashmall, Graduate
Assembly president, said yester-
Students attending the meeting
will include Ashmall, SGC presi-
dent Bruce Kahn, '68, Tom Van
Lente, Grad, member of the Stu-
dent Advisory Board on Housing,
and SGC member Mike Koeneke.
They will meet with represent-
atives of the City Attorney's and
City Administrator's offices.
The meeting is partially intend-
ed as an orientation session to de.
termine what type of city person-

"In any event," Ashmall said,
"we will attempt to introduce leg-
islation on the state level to
clarify the vagueness in existing
registration laws."
He commented that opponents
of student voter registration argue
increased student voice would
"turn Ann Arbor into a one party
government." "All students are not
Democrats by a long shot," he
said. "More student voting may
well bring about a stronger two-
party system, because students
are a new field for capture."
"People forget that there is still
a requirement that voters be 21
years of age or over. This elimi-
nates 60 per cent of all University
students right away. If the other

40 per cent wanted to take over
the city, they would have done so
in 1817."
The students also plan to ask
that a standard complaint form
for housing code violations be
made available to the public.
In recent city elections, mem-
bers of Student Government Coun-
cil, the Student Housing Associa-
tion and other University student
groups have urged students who
ar eeligible to vote, to go to the
city clerk's office to determine
their status.
The students carried on large
voter registration campaigns for
the elections held last spring and
summer, primarily directing the
campaigns at graduate students.

docile leader" who would bei
agent for colonialist interests.
He carefully avoided naming t
countries where the recruiting w
allegedly taking place except
say they were in Western Euro
He said only France had tall
steps to halt such recruitme
since the Congolese governme
complained to the council lI
Rallying Point '
At that time, he recalled;
had said the rallying point for t
mercenaries was Portuguese A
gola. He did not say that Angi
was the point of origin for t
groups reported to have arrived
the Congo on Wednesday.
The current troubles in the Co
go coinside with the kidnappi
of ex-Premier Moise Tshombe
flight over the Mediterranaen 1
weekend and his continuing c
tention in Algeria for possibleE
tradition to the Congo.
A former provincial secession
in the Congo, Tshombe is unc
death sentence for treason if
is returned there. In excile he u
suspected to plotting with forei
forces to return to power.
Ambassador Idzumbuir charg
that the opposition to the Mobu
government was based on the!;
that it had broken up a monop
"Favorable to s o m e forei
groups" and the fact that the g
ernment was making refor
which would put it on a sou
He said the recruitment of m
cenaries was being carried
openly in some countries with t
backing of "clubs of old m
members of the wide internatio
conspiracy which has ramifi
tions all over the world."
Soviet Ambassador Nikolai
Fedorenko and U.S. Ambas,
dor William B. Buffum ma
brief preliminary statements a
declared they would speak fu
on the charges later.
Serious Situation
Fedorenko said he regarded t
situation described by Idzuib
as a serious one. He referred
the recent U.N. debate ont
Middle East and declared: "'
forces of aggression must not
condoned. The Security Coup
must pay attention to this fa
must draw the relevant conc
sions, must take necessary m(
sures to put an end to these for
of aggression."
Buffum said the United Sta
had readily agreed to the urg
"These charges, he said,"s
indeed serious ones, and they(
serve our very careful consid
He said interference by c
country in the internal affa
of another "cannot be count
anced." He asked that the C
golese government ascertain1
full facts and submit them to1
Mali's ambassador, MoussaI
Keita, linked the alleged aggr
sion against the Congo with1
Middle East conflict.

an '
he TFC Panhel
pe 1
en. Encourage
ast Participation
he Although the Big Ten Inter-
kn- Fraternity Council - Panhellenic
ola Conference passed a modified ver-
the sion of the recommendations reso-
in lution passed by the n University's
Panhellenic President's Council
n- last spring, according to the pres-
ng ident of the University's Panhel,
in Ginny Mochel, '68, many schools
ast were primarily concerned with the
de- more superficial aspects of Greek
ex- life.
"Many of the Big-ten schools
ist attending the conference were
der most concerned about getting ad-
he ditional participation in Greek-
vas sponsored events or about expand-
gn ing the Greek system at their
schools," Miss Mochel commented.
ged "The delegates from the Uni-
utu versity and the University of Wis-
act consin agreed that these were im-
oly portant areas, but we were puzzled
ign by the other schools comparative
ov- lack of concern over the discrim-
ims ination issue," she said.
nd Previous Resolution
Last spring's Panhel resolution
er- said recommendations from alum-
on na, which are necessary for mem-
the bership in many sororities, "are
en, of questionable value," and can
nal be used in a discriminatory man-
ca- ner. As a result, it encouraged the
conference to reconsider the whole
T. procedure.
sa- The resolution passed by the Big
ade Ten Conference was less pointed.
nd It condemned discriminatory
Illy clauses or mechanisms of dis-
crimination in national constitu-
tions and urged nationals to elim-
inmate them chiefly because they
the bring administrative and student
uir body criticism.
the Wisconsin
the The final resolution was pre-
he sented by Wisconsin delegates.
be Sororities and fraternities at. Wis-
consin are faced presently with
act, an administrative ultimattm re-
lu- quiring them to agree that no one
ea- outside of their university (par-
ces ticularly alumni) will participate
inselection of their members.
tes Second Resolution
ent A second resolution was passed
by the conference stating that
are Greeks must take an active inter-
de- est in their environment, in the
er- university community and in the.
affairs of the nation, and must
one provide leadership in encouraging
airs discussions on critical issues.
en- This resolution was passed by
on- the conference in response to the
the question, "Why be a.Greek?" This
the was considered an important top-
ic of the conference because dele-
Leo gates felt they were having trou-
es- ble explaining the rationale for
the being a Greek to people inside
the system and out.

nel should regularly attend com-
mittee meetings. Permanent stu-
dent representatives will be elected
by petition in the fall.
"But we are going to hit them
with concrete proposals right
away," Ashmall said.
The main body of their planned
statement on student registration

will be a fact sheet including legal
definitions of residence and opin-
ions handed down by the state at-
torney general in cases involving
disputed residence.
Ashmall said that main prob-
lem students have had in the past
in getting registered involve an-
swering a question on where they
intend to go after finishing col-
"Many students just don't know
what they are going to do after
college," Ashmall said. "If they
say as much, it is assumed they
plan to return home, and many
times they are not registered be-
cause of this."
The attorney general opinion}
quoted in the student's state-
ment says that, "Where the stu-
dent has no intention of return-
ing home but is uncertain as to
the place of his future residence,
it is generally held that he may
vote at the college town."
Ashmall said the students plan
to ask the City Administrator
and the City Attorney to instruct
the City Clerk to follow the Attor-
ney General's directive.
If the administrators feel they
cannot comply with this request
in the light of present law, Ash-
mall said an alternate procedure
will be decided on by the city-
student committee.


Council on Education
Observes 50th Year
By JOHN GRAY to carry on special activities and
The observance of the 50th an- research projects related to edu-
niversary of the American Coun- cation. Annual dues range from
cil on Education, scheduled to last $75 to $600, depending on the
one year, will begin next October type of institution and its enroll-
when the council's annual meet- mIenaddition to its other activi-
ing convenes in Washington. ties, ACE issues a great number
The University has not yet pick- of educational publications year-
ed its representatives to the meet- ly, including the well-known Edu-
ing. Although President Hatcher cational Record.
has attended the annual meetings Discussion Topics
regularly, his calendar this fall The 50th annual meeting of the
prohibits his taking the time for council will be concerned with the
the trip to Washington. President- question, "whose goals for higher
elect Fleming is not yet sure education?" The president of the
whether he will attend or not, council, Logan Wilson, says that
Council History{ the theme "recognizes that the
The council, a cooperative orga- aims and roles of each of the
nization of educational institu- five main constituencies of high-
tions, was founded in January, er education - students, faculty,
1918 in order to coordinate the administrators, trustees and per-
services which education could sons from public life - change
contribute to the government dur- as the functions of higher educa-
ing the national crisis brought on tion shift and expand. The prob-
by World War I. By March, 1918 lem involves not merely competing
there were 14 members of the visions of true purpose, but also
council, then known as the "Emer- competing preferences as to priori-
gency Council on Education." By ties, means, and forms of gov-
July, the members had convinced ernance by which aspirations are
each other that they had more considered, articulated and legis-
than a transient purpose to serve, lated."


Hershey Denies Racial Inequality Exists
Among Local Draft Board Personnel

and so the ACE was born.
Since its founding, ACE has
been a center of cooperation for
the improvement of education at
all levels, with emphasis on high-
er education. The council numbers
among its members some 1200
colleges, junior colleges and uni-
versities,and about 300 education-
al associations and affiliated or-
ganizations. Among these organi-
zations are the University, the
Boy Scouts of America, the Amer-
ican Dietetic Association, the
Brooklyn Public Library and the
Masters School for Girls in Dobbs
Ferry, N.Y.
Throughout its 49 years of ex-
istence, the ACE has been per-
forming services of lasting value
to American education. ACE
founded the two commissions
which were merged in 1948 to
form the Educational Testing
I SP~riepcraftor and conroller of

'U' Faculty Salaries Experience
Relative Drop 'Over Past. Year

Although the University faculty
salaries received an "A" or "AA"
rating in each professional rank in
the 1966-67 survey conducted by
the American Association of Uni-
versity Professors, the University's
ranking on the list of institutions
with average salaries of $10,000
and above for full-time faculty
members fell from a 1965-66 posi-
tion of 17th to a 1966-67 ranking
of 21st out of some 936 reporting
According to the AAUP "Econ-

college, stated that the decrease
in ranking could be primarily ac-
counted for by "the lack of finan-
cial aid being received by the
University from the state that can
be allocated for increases in fac-
ulty salaries and compensation.
The money just isn't there. That's
all there is to it."
In addition to the faculty salary
ratings, the AAUP report also
stated that the University had an
average compensation figure for
full-time faculty of $15,060, an
average and minimum index grade
of compensation of "A" and "B"

tion in 1966-67 rose &.8 per ce:
over the figure for the previot
However, the AAUP stated thf
the increase "represents a cor
siderable drop from last year's re(
ord figure of 7.3 per cent," an
that the increase "will not suf-'
for the achievement of the do
bling goal"-the 1957 recomme
dation of President Dwight Eiser
hower's Committee on Educatic
Beyond the High School that fa
ulty incomes 'be doubled within
The 1966-67 year is the thi

Special To The Daly
Hershey, head of the Selective
Service System, denied yesterday
that Negroes are being kept off
draft boards.

South Dakota are two states that
don't have a single Negro on the
local boards, because we just can't
find them."
Hershey went on to say, "Our'
department was one of the 'first
to eliminate a person's race on our

spect for our courts-even though upon the job being done by women
at times it has been difficult." in the armed forces in Israel,
He suggested that "Congress where all must serve: "The Is-
should decide what the guide- raelis have a pretty good system
lines should be, and the courts of getting their women into the
should merely abide by them." armed services-I bet the women
Hershey made these comments ksome of the men .


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