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June 15, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-06-15

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See editorial page


Sjir i6a

a t ty

Partly cloudy,
possible showers

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
New idle rovies Moderate nti-War


Third in a Five Part Series
Shortly before commencement
exercises last week, a petition
' signed by more than 5000 Colum-
bia University students, teachers
and administrators was delivered
to the National Security Council
in Washington.
The signatures, hastily gathered
in the final two weeks despite
pressures for final exams and
papers, followed the statement:
"We the undersigned, join the
significant and growing number
of Americans who for moral and
political reasons oppose United
States policies in Vietnam. 1
". ..We call for an end to the
bombing and further steps to as-
sure immediate de-escalation ,pf
military activity."

The Columbia petition, one of
the largest war protest actions at
a single academic institution, is
by no means an isolated phenom-
Increasing numbers of students
who by no stretch of the imagi-
nation can be termed radical are
voicing their discontent with the
way the war is being conducted
and the government's harsh atti-
tude towards domestic dissent.'
The trend is described by Na-
tional Student Association vice-
president Ed Schwartz's concept
of a "New Middle" emerging as a
viable political force in student
"What is in fact, the direction
of the New Middle?" he asks.
"Does it have any direction? It is
strictly a set of pragmatic re-

sponses to specific issues, or does
a broader set of goals dictate its
new militancy? I would like to be-
lieve the latter; I fear the former."
The New Middle first burst
upon public in December when
student body presidents and edit-
ors from 100 colleges and univer-
sities sent an open letter to the
President expressing anxiety and
doubts about involvement with the
'Unless this conflict can be
eased," warned the letter, "the
United States will find some of
its most loyal and courageous
young people choosing to go to
jail rather than to bear their
country's arms."
The White House, according to
Administration officials, was con-
cerned that the group might be a

rallying point for more broad-
based expression against the war,
such as the up-coming Spring Mo-
bilization marches in April.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
was sent to play up the divisions
within the coalition of moderates
and radicals by offering to hold a
televized meeting.
The students refused the public
confrontation, but agreed to a
private February meeting, from
which 45 students came away
more critical than before of the
Administrat n's position. Another
100 student body presidents and
campus editors later added their
names to the letter.
'We're now in the process of cir-
culating a third letter, which about
90 per cent of the newly-elected
presidents are signing," said Peter

Johnson, who directs the Campus
Co-ordinating Committee which
was set up to provide continuity
for the student leaders' group.
"In most cases all you have to
do is call the .school, read the
statement and the people say 'put
me on it'!" Many think it's not
worded strongly enough.
The Co-ordinating Comiittee is
also circulating a shorter letter at
10 geographically representative
campuses to be signed by interest-
ed students in opposition to cur-
rent draft policy.
The New Middle's fascination
with respectability, however, often
makes them overcautious almost to'
the point of paralysis.
Seventy Buddhist students and
professors in South Vietnam sent
a letter to the student body presi-

dents proclaiming their interest in
working for peace. Alfred Hassler,
executive secretary of the Fellow-;
ship of Reconciliation, acted as
liaison man for the action which
is a criminal offense under the Ky'
When Hassler prevailed upon
some of the leaders to write a let-
ter of thanks to the Buddhist stu-
dents, he recalls, "the American
students agreed to do so only if
the reply were not made public
because, they said, they didn't
want to 'compromise' their appeal
to a broader-based public."
A national "Day of Inquiry" into
Vietnam and draft was also spon-
sored by the group in May, in-
volving 150 campuses in what was
billed as the "largest teach-in in+

A First National Student Con-
ference on Vietnam held in Febru-
ary at Cornell gained much pub-
licity when a few pro-war dele-
gates charged the conference was
"stacked by extreme leftists."
Yet the conference had deli-
berately barred anyone represent-
ing an "extremist" group such as
YAF or SDS. Ten war-supporters
grabbed headlines on the final
day by walking out during passage
of 'a resolution denouncing the
Anti-war speakers outnumbered
the few pro-Administration speak-
ers, such as Michigan State Uni-
versity Prof. Wesley Fishel and a
State Dept. official. Yet the con-
ference was a sincere attempt to
open up new ways of involving
more ptrsons in critical discussion

on foreign policy and this tech-
nique will probably be repeated in
the future.
The New Middle's potentia
strength lies in the fact that i
can reach and hold far more peo.
ple than New Left, pacifist or reli-
gious groups. The problem, how.
ever, as Schwartz has indicated
is for the leaders to organize any
meaningful action beyond signing
letters and petitions.
The New Middle's cautious, ques.
tioning stand reflects much of the
reality of student opinion on the
war today.
New York Times columnis
James Reston estimated that if the
2-S deferments behind which col-
lege students have relative im-
munity were abolished, up to 25
See NEW, Page 4

Order Special Council Meeting
As Riots Continue in Cincinnati

Special To The Daily
Cancelled high school gradua-
tions, 90-degree weather and arm-
ed National Guard patrols marked
the third day of rioting in Cincin-
nati. An emergency city council
meeting called to consider de-
mands of Negro leaders became an
angry confrontation when national
guardsmen entered with bayonets.
As minor incidents continued
throughout the day and all signs
pointed to another night of vio-
lence, Dx. Paul Miller, superinten-
dent of the Cincinnati public
schools, ordered three high school

graduations scheduled for tonight
and tomorrow night to be cancel-
led, and school children were sent
home early.
Final report cards of the year
were handed out early or will be
mailed so that students will not
have to return to school tomorrow.
New Shooting
Though the pace had slowed
early yesterday evening, reports of
shooting came to the fore for the
first time since the disturbance
began on Monday. A 15-year-old
white youth was taken to General
Hospital in critical condition after
being shot in the back near a
downtown fire station.

Cutler Rejects SDS
Convention Requests

Requests made by Voice political
party to host the national conven-
tion of Students for a Democratic
Society ;were rejected yesterday
morning in a memorandum sent
by Vice-President for Student
Affairs Richard Cutler to Student
Government Council President
Bruce Kahn, '68.
Following plans decided upon
at a, meeting Tuesday, about ten
Voice members attempted yester-
day afternoon to discuss with
University administrators t h e
problems arising over the conven-
tion scheduled for June 25-30.
The memorandum was sent to
Kahn who signed the authoriza-
tion for the use of rooms. It was
i in reply to a letter sent to Cutler
last week by Voice member Eric
Chester, '66.
'Educational Experience'
In the letter Chester asked that
the SDS convention be considered
"an educational experience and
(the University) pay itself all the
fees normally charged."
He stated that the convention
was "primarily educational" be-
cause it is "open for attendance
by anyone" and involves "four
days of workshops." He also ob-
jected to the need for a lobby sup-
ervisor whose "job seems a classic
case of featherbedding which SDS
is not able to afford."
Cutler's reply which was formu-
lated at the vice-presidents' meet-
ing on Tuesday morning answered
these demands. ,
It stated that the "SDS request
for a special University grant of
approximately $500 to c o v e r
charges for the facilities to be
used cannot be granted because
"we would not have the financial
means to implement such a policy
of providing support to deserving
organizations which wish to come
to campus."
The memorandum explained
how the lobby supervisor is re-
quired for the protection of Uni-
versity property and equipment
and for protection against fire" as
recommended by the fire marshal
and the University's Department
of Environmental Health and
Safety. Thus, it said "the lobby
supervisor must be a regular Uni-
versity employe, and cannot be
supplied by the group."
Lock Doors
Voice plans were first to go to

Both Hatcher and Executive
Vice-President Marvin Niehuss
were not in. The secretary inform-
ed them that Hatcher was attend-
ing his daughter's graduation in
Cambridge, and Niehuss was "real-
ly out of town."
The Voice members finally tried
Vice-President for Academic Af-
fairs Allen Smith who talked with
them for almost an hour about
their demands.
Appeal to Cutler
Smith stated that the vice-pres-
idents had "treated the Voice re-
quests exactly as any other organ-
ization's." He mentioned that any
appeal would have to be made to
Cutler who would decide whether
the Regents would include the is-
sue on their agenda.
But Voice members pointed out
that Voice was not getting equal
treatment since the Conference of
Orientalists in August was being
subsidized with University funds.
They were informed by Smith
and University Secretary Herbert
Hildebrandt that the requests
from the President's Fund, the
general fund and Committtee for
Public Discussion could only be
made after July 1, when the next
fiscal year starts.
Voice chairman, Gary Roth-
burger, '67, said, "We will continue
to try to meet with Pierpont and
Hatcher. I do not believe that the
University," he continued, "pro-
vides the open channels it claims
to possess."

Police were seeking three Ne-
groes in an open convertible be-
lieved responsible for the shooting.
Dr. Bruce Green, Negro civil
rights leader, blamed outsiders for
the outbreak of violence, but add-
ed that he considered it inevitable.
Cite Two Causes
John E. Hansan, executive direc-
tor of the Community Action Com-
mision (CAC), local branch of the
Office of Economic Opportunity
community action program, gave
two specific incidents as immediate
causes of the outbursts.
One was the death sentence
given to convicted murderer Pos-
teal Laskey in the widely public-
ized slaying of Barbara Bowman,
a white office worker. The original
arrest over the weekend which
seemed to trigger the violence was
of a man protesting the death sen-
tence at Rockdale and Reading
Roads in _Avondale, center of the
Hansan said the second cause
was "the obvious inequality in job
opportunities observed by Negro
teenagers who see trucks deliver
in their neighborhood. These un-
loadings provide general jobs
which do not have stringent qual-
ifications. But they are filled by
whites rather than people from
the neighborhood."
Hansan went on to say that
summer job programs provided
by the CAC were merely pallia-
tive measures, like putting a
bandaid on a cut throat.
Single Source
"It is imperative not to look to
a single source for all the jobs,"
Hansan stated. "One suggestion
has been the creation of a public
works program that would serve
both immediate needs and long-
range goals, and combine the re-
sources of both the federal gov-
ernment and private industry."
Bailey W. Turner, president of
the Avondale Community Council,
stressed that "unfair dispensation
of justice must be stopped. As
long as the guy on the bench
doesn't feel obligated to deal with<
Negroes in the same way as whitest
there will be recurrent problems.f
This situation has been going on
too long, and things aren't
Meanwhile, as reasons and so-
lutions for the problem continued
to be debated throughout the city,
National Guardsmen remained on
duty with orders to fire if firedf
upon and shoot to kill if necessary.

Daily-Thomas R. Copi
A smoldering fire in the Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity house yesterda y morning reportedly did extensive damage to the upper floor and
the roof. Fire Chief Arthur Stauch, who sent four pieces of equipment to battle the blaze, said that the fire was caused by a short
circuit in a second-floor electrical wall plug. The fire shot up through wall partitions, reached the attic and went through the roof
at one point, he said. It took firemen nearly two hours to put out the blaze. The house is not occupied by students during the summer,
and the fraternity's chapter advisor, Marshall Wallace of Oak Park, Mich., said that he had already been in contact with the house's
insurance company. Wallace said that he was concerned that the insurance investigation be done promptly so that there will be resi-
dence for the students when they return to school in August. Wallace said every effort would be made to restore'the house in time for
the fall term.
Changing to Daylight Time Creates
Minimumof Local Inconvenience

State Court
Backs Sit-In
Judges Split Decision,
Rule Against Local
Draft Board Protest
The Michigan Court of Appeals
yesterday upheld the conviction of
28 University students and faculty
members who staged a sit-in at .
the Washtenaw County draft
board in Ann Arbor on Oct. 15,
The protesters, charged with
illegal trespass, must serve 15-20
day jail sentences and pay $50
The jail terms may not start
immediately because of possible
further legal action by the pro-
testers' attorney, Ernest Goodman,
a Detroit Civil Liberties Board
lawyer. He may attempt a second
try in the appeals court or take
the case to either the Michigan
or U.S Supreme Courts.
Split Decision
The Appeals Court affirmed the
conviction in a 2-1 split decision.
They described the defendants'
arguments as being "so unsub-
stantial as to need no argument
or formal submission."
The protestors appealed on two
-The convictions under Michi-
gan's anti-trespass law abridged
their freedom of speech and as-
sembly as guaranteed by the First
Amendment to the U.S. Constitu-
-Their right to protest was pro-
tected under the principles of in-.
ternational law set up by the
Nuremberg war crimes trial in
Those sustaining the convictions
yesterday were Judges Timothy C.
Quinn and Louis D. McGregor.
Dissenting was Judge Thomas
Giles Kavanagh.
Day of Protest
The demonstration was part of
the Ann Arbor Vietnam Commit-
tee observation of an International
Day of Protest against the war in
Vietnam. It began with a vigil and
a rally on the Diag, after which
they marched to the offices of the
Ann Arbor Selective Service
At 6 p.m., draft board officials
read Michigan's trespass law to
protesters who had taken positions
in the waiting room. They were
ordered to leave since the office
was closing, and they refused.
Police were summoned, who car-
ried the protesters out.
Defendants are free on $500


Senate Approves Draft Bill
Keeping Student Deferment'


Students missed some morning
classes, and girls in the dormitories
thought they were an hour late
for closing, but otherwise the
change to Daylight Savings Time
at 12:01 yesterday morning created
a minimum of confusion in Ann
Less than half the students in
Professor Marian A. Low's 9 a.m.
European history class were pres-
ent. "I only happened to read
about the changekin the paper, or
I wouldn't have known about it,"
she said.
But many faculty members re-
ported no unusual absenteeism or
tardiness in yesterday's classes,
Edwin Goddard, professor of ge-
ology, said only three or four more
students than usual were absent
from his 8 a.m. class.
Since the clocks at Martha Cook
Building were changed about 9
p.m. Tuesday night, girls who
came in for closing at what they
thought was midnight were briefly
frightened by clocks set at 1 a.m.
"There was mostly a lot of joking,"
Pat McLaren, staff member on
duty Tuesday night, said.
The University maintenance
staff began changing clocks early
Tuesday evening and did not fin-
ish until yesterday morning. Each
building has its own clock system
which must be set separately.
Local restaurants reported little
trouble with patrons confused by
the time difference. Even Red's

Standard Time.
Attorney General Frank Kelley
said that anyone who does not
follow the time change will be in
violation of the law.
But Republican Philip E. Ruppe,
Upper Michigan's representative in
Congress, claims Upper Peninsula
localities should have the option
of going on Central Daylight Time
until the United States Depart-
ment of Transportation decides
wha time zone the area should be
placed in. "The federal government
has sole jurisdiction over time

The legislature had earlier this
year exempted Michigan from the
Federal Uniform Time Act, which]
decreed that each time zone would'
change to daylight between April
29 and Oct. 30. But a petition drive;
resulted in suspension of the legis-
lative act until the voters can de-
cide the issue in a 1968 referen-
The abrupt time change caused
confusion at television stations,
bus, rail and airline terminals, and
at businesses throughout the state.

counties have claimed they are zones," Rupe said. "Kelley had no
staying on Central Daylight Time, right to put the Upper Peninsula
which is the same as Eastern on Eastern Daylight."

General Motors and Ford Motor
Co. decided to postpone the official,
switch to 2 a.m. Sunday morning
when less employes are working.
Bus terminal managers didn't'
know how to handle the situation.
"We're in one hell of a big tur-
moil," said Van Papastergion, as-
sistant manager of the Greyhound
terminal in Detroit.
Most airlines announced that
flights would depart an hour later
than published in schedules,
meaning that some travelers might
arrive at terminals an hour early,
but they could not arrive an hour

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- The Senate
yesterday approved a compromise
draft extension bill that includes
deferments for college undergrad-
uates and blocks President John-
son's plan to set up a lottery sys-
tem for selecting inductees.
The vote was 72 to 23.
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass) who argued the bill does
not bring about reforms requested
by Johnson, failed to rally sup-
port for his call for revisions.
The measure was sent to the
House for final congressional ac-
tion. It would extend the draft law
four years beyond the presently
scheduled exniration date of June

-Permit the President to, go
ahead with his announced plan
of reversing the age order of in-
duction to take 19-year-olds first.
-Retain local draft boards, with
the federal government authorized
to recommend uniform standards
but not make them mandatory as
the President had suggested. 4
-Maintain Presidential author-
ity to specify which graduate stu-
dents should be deferred. Johnson
has announced he plans to limit
them to medical and dental stu-
-Specify that a claim for defer-
ment on grounds of being a con-
scientious objector be based on


Attorney General Grants Final Approval
To New State Teacher Certification Code

The new teacher certification
code proposed by the State Board'
of Education was approved yes-
terday by Attorney General Frank
Kelley with only one major
change. Kelley's approval was the
last legal step necessary for im-
plementation of the new code.
The Board approved revision of
the proposed code to require 18

colm A. Lowther, chairman of the
school's undergraduate education
committee, said. Seniors must ful-
fill the standing requirements.
The new code includes these six
1) Secondary teachers must ful-
fill a 30-hour major and a 20-hour
minor instead of two 15-hour
minors currently required;
2) Elementary certificate candi-


Sixty-day substitute permits
be eliminated by 1970;

5) Michigan certificates will be
valid in states with similar cer-
tification codes and Michigan cer-
tificates will be granted to teach-
ers from these states; and
(6) The State Board of Educa-
tion will have authority to approve
and neriodically review the pro-

"We will be ready to move with
the adoption of the code." A group
of curriculum committees in the
literary college is considering re-
vision of course requirements to
fit the new 30-20 sequence.
Marilyn Kelly, vice presidentof
the Board, called the revised code
an intermediary step. "There are
more changes to be made," she
said. "For instance, we would like

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