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June 02, 1967 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1967-06-02

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIvERSrrT OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY of BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where OpinonsA f0- 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH. NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Friends' Envoy:
Behind the Lines

J

Ldisorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

FRIDAY, JUNE 2, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID DUBOFFI

House Should Stop Piddling,
And Pass Fiscal Reform

THE STATE House of Representatives
now has less than a month to complete
action on its massive calendar of bills-
including fiscal reform and the state
appropriations budget-before the July 1
deadline.
These two items alone demand much
more time than is available but there are
also a good number of various measures
which were held over as appropriations
bills when the regular calendar terminat-
ed last month. They have been dubbed a
"tangle of trivia" consisting mainly of
changes in legal definitions. Floor de-
bate on the entire calendar might take
nearly a month, and usurp time from
the usually extended and critical budget
hearings.
It now appears that if the House passes
a fiscal reform bill, it will provide for a
different tax base and lower revenue
than the $231 million flat-rate package
approved by the state Senate.
If the House does not agree to the Sen-
ate's version, a joint legislative commi$-
tee will have to be formed to hammer out
a compromise for Romney's signature.
Moreover, all this work on fiscal re-
form must be completed before the budg-
et can even be reported out of the Senate
Appropriations Committee for prelimin-
ary action, since the amount of money
available must be- determined before in-
dividual allocations can be considered.
DESPITE THE OBVIOUS need for haste,
House work this week has been stalled
by Democrats who are hoping to force
an emergency compromise - including
most of their own ideas-as the deadline
approaches.
Their delaying tactics have taken the
form of extending debate on petty legis-
lation. For example, on Wednesday, this
week, the House:

-Made it a felony to use violence in
j ailbreaks;
-Discussed the merits of glue-sniffing;
-Refused a proposal to change resi-
dency requirements for deputy sheriffs;
-And then it debated for half an hour
whether or not charges that the proceed-
ings were being deliberately slowed should
be included in the House minutes.
These exchanges led Republican floor
leader William Hampton to comment, "I
have never been so disgusted" as he mov-
ed to adjourn the session.
HAMPTON HAS EVERY right to com-
plain. Without passage of a reform
package, the state would face a deficit of
$183 million. Gov. Romney, a long-stand-
ing foe of deficit spending, claims his
only alternative in that case would be to
cut state services appropriations by at
least 15 per cent.
Such contigent expenditure slashes
would be especially damaging to the
state's colleges and universities, already
facing program cuts and large tuition in-
creases. Reductions at the University
would amount to $8 million below re-
quested appropriations and though a tui-
tion increase has not yet been announced.
it would probably be along the lines of
the $81 per student increase announced
recently at Michigan State University.
The House must not permit the "stall
strategy" to continue, for even if a fis-
cal reform bill eventually wins approval,
there will not be enough time for ade-
quate budget hearings, and the allocation
of possible surplus revenues.
Pressure from both citizens and mem-
bers of the House must be exerted to
turn the representatives to its necessary
tasks.
-WALLACE IMMEN

F I RMAN

In the Heat of the Summer

By LISSA MATROSS
Arts Editor
CHICAGO-"Carl has been de-
layed at the Bevel rally," the hos-
tess at the Evanston Friends' Cen-
ter told us, "so let's go downstairs
and have some lemonade and
cookies."
"Carl" is Carl Zietlow of the
American Friends Service Com-
mittee, the advance negotiator
with North Vietnamese and Red
Cross officials in Cambodia and
Hanoi for the Friends' ship Phoe-
nix. The vessel sailed into Hai-
phong March 27, 1967, and con-
signed $10,000 worth of medical
supplies to the Red Cross Society
of North Vietnam.
When they returned to the
United States in April, the group
was informed that the U.S. gov-
ernment had revoked their pass-
ports. Zietlow and the Phoenix
crew are still considering possible
action.
Zietlow is now touring the
country discussing his tripnand on
this particular day he had spoken
at a Vietnam teach-in at the Uni-
versity of Illinois (Chicago Cir-
cle) and then at a Westside rally
with Rev. Bevel.
The final event in the day's
busy schedule was an informal
talk with a small group at the
Friends' center in Evanston. While
we waited for Zietlow several
women in the congregation passed
out lemonade and cookies. It's not
often that one sees "little old
ladies" pouring lemonade with one
hand and clutching "Ramparts"
and "The New Republic" in the
other.
ZIETLOW ARRIVED soon look-
ing tired despite his deep tan. He
began with the details of the ar-
rival of the Phoenix in Haiphong,
a speech introduction that he has
by now committed to memory.
"When the boat docked the
crew was given bouquets of flow-
ers. A careful distinction was made
between giving flowers to Ameri-
cans who come on one mission
and answering other Americans
with guns.
"After more flowers and cookies
and candy, we were told how our
help against U.S. imperialist ag-
gression was appreciated."
The traveling arrangements pro-
vided for the group - two large
Russian cars like nine-passenger
'41 Buicks-made the group feel
conspicuous. "It was hardly 'Quak-
er simplicity'," said Zietlow, "and
it separated us from the people."
One day the twin touring cars
took the group to a village of
8000 about 30 miles north of Ha-
noi which had been totally de-
molished. The village, Phu Ly,
was, according to Zietlow, com-
pletely devoid of anything of mil-
itary significance.
There was, however, a system
of dikes. Zietlow contends that
American policy is to demolish
the dike system so that when the
rainy season comes Hanoi will be
flooded.
At this point, Zietlow passed
around as mall metal ball that he
termed an "American souvenir."
Known as a "guava," the base-
ball-sized grenade fits into a can-
ister bomb unit. Zietlow said that
after the initial bombs have been
droped to scare the people from
their hiding places, the 1000-piece
"guavas" are dropped.
The guavas, said Zietlow, can
only kill and maim; they cannot
be used for say, destroying dikes.
He claims that American reason-
ing must figure that it is better to
maim than to kill-"if someone is
killed, only one is gone. If some-
one is maimed, it takes two others
to care for him."
Zietlow described a North Viet-
namese movie that was shown to
the group one evening. The film

showed a Western car driving up
to a small hut and an American
general and a prostitute getting
out. The general tells a South
Vietnamese man what is expected
of him, When the Vietnamese asks
"Aren't you just an advisor?" he
is made to understand that this
clearly is not the general's capaci-
ty.
ONE OF THE purposes of the
Quaker Action Group from the
Phoenix was to offer various forms
of aid. They suggested that Amer-
ican plastic surgeons be flown
over, and that U.S. carpenters be
admitted. The carpenters would
come in groups of three to five,
and stay for two months so that
a maximum number of Americans
could retufn here to try and in-
fluence U.S. policy.I
A final suggestion was a Quak-
er residence to facilitate commu-
nications between the North and
the Americans.
They were told that while the
offers were appreciated, "the time
was not now appropriate." Rea-
sons given were that westerners
have difficulty adjusting to the
climate and the food and that the
North Vietnamese would be con-
cerned for the safety of their
guests.
Returning to the topic of the
"guava" units and American
bombing in general, Zietlow said
"My candid opinion is that U.S.
policy is to bomb 'people.' When
we left Hanoi for the West we held
a press conference in Hong Kong
and announced 'that civilian tar-
gets were bombed (he claims there
is not a hospital standing between
Hanoi and the demilitarized zone)
and weapons were used just to kill
people.
"Two hours later the U.S. an-
nounced 'Oh, yes, we've been using
anti - personnel fragmentation
weapons since February of '65'."
The use of such weapons had
been denied when reported earlier
by journalist Harrison Salisbury.
Zietlow said American bombing
of power plants can have little
effect on the basically agricultur-
al-rural population. Without elec-
tricity the people will use lanterns
that will give them as much light
as the five-watt bulbs they were
using anyhow.
With a touch of humor he
added, "If the power plants in
Chicago were bombed, 5 per
cent of us couldn't shave, and
25 per cent couldn't even brush
our teeth."
WHEN HE SPOKE of the
bombing, Zietlow's voice got high-
er and he began to wave his arms.
"I'm sorry," he yelled, "you can't
give me any justification for the
total immorality of this entire so-
ciety (American) when it bombs
a people who pull wood on carts
and ride bicycles.
"My car lives better than 95
per cent of the people."
Zietlow concluded with a dis-
cussion of what he sees as the
only two possible solutions if total
war in Asia is to be avoided. The
first is simple withdrawal. The
second-negotiation-is more com-
plex.
"What is non-negotiable," he
said, "is stopping the bombing.
Johnson even wants to negotiate
this.
"What must be negotiated is
having Communists, South Viet-
namese and NLF in the govern-
ment in the South. But Johnson
is holding outfor a Korea-type
settlement with a Communist
North, a non-Communist govern-
ment in the South and permanent
U.S. bases.
"The North Vietnamese are right
then. We are capitalist, imperial-
ist aggressors."
At this point the meeting ad-
journed for more lemonade.

Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc?

J. EDGAR HOOVER, that legendary
American who heads the Federal Bu-
reau of Investigation (vide 8 p.m., Sun-
day, Channel 7) has come out with an-
other of his profundities.
Hoover, by obvious implication,. said
yesterday that civil rights leaders, Mar-
tin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael,
were issuing an open invitation to viol-
ence by naming cities where riots might
occur this-summer.
Hoover was particularly critical of those
leaders who preach non-violence, while
at the same time talking of the possibil-
ity of violence.
"Some so-called leaders," he wrote in
the June issue of FBI Law Enforcement
Bulletin, "blow hot and cold with the
same breath. Their preachments seem to
have a hollow ring."
Although such leaders "claim to sup-
port non-violence," he went on, their pre-
dictions of violence are "more like an
open invitation to hotheads and rabble
rousers . . to move into action on cue."
"It puts them on notice that they are
expected to riot."
Hoover's references are to a speech
King made in New York on April 16 in
which he indicated that 10 cities (New
York, Cleveland, Chicago, Los Angeles,
Washington, Newark, Oakland, Calif.. and
three Southern cities not named) could
"explode in racial violence."
Carmichael has also predicted a "long
hot summer" in the nation's capital where

he intends to reside and work this sum-
mer.
BUT 014E MAY turn the tables on Hoov-
er's cockeyed statement. Why must he
resort to an illogical cause and effect re-
lationship?
An alternate, more reasonable inter-
pretation may be attributed to rights'
leaders warnings. Namely, to serve notice
to officials both in the cities mentioned
and to federal agencies that they better
attempt to do something before summer
begins. Initiating slum rehabilitation in
the broadest sense, is a giant task that
deserves immediate attention; whether it
will receive it is another question. For
example, recent budget cuts in the War
on Poverty were most ill-timed.
Hoover, with his good guy-bad guy men-
tality, still sees the problems of summer
violence in the nation's Negro ghettos as
one of proper police enforcement. He has
failed to acquire the insight in his many
years of public service to see the deep
social problems which come to surface
when the temperature hits 90 and the
cops on the beat billy-club someone over
the head.
INSTEAD OF RABBLE-ROUSING, King
and Carmichael only serve the func-
tion of putting the nation's big city offi-
cials on their toes if they are not already
in that position.
--MARK LEVIN

By STEVEN ZARIT maining bitterness for Martin
Daily Guest Writer Luther King's open - housing
CHICAGO ' A still-lingering marches of last summer. An open-
March-in-May briskness chills the housing bill is pending In the
workers as they hurry into one state Senate, and has spawned a
of the five buildings that com- small, but hysterical organization
pose thecentral offices of one of "respectable" people, who do
of the nation's largest retail firms. not want Negroes next door or
Inside, everyone is clean and neat
for the 8:15 starting time, and
has a cheery good morning for BUT THE MAJORITY of ghetto
everyone else. The working area blacks do not want to move in
is well-planned and well-lit, so "next door" anyway. It is possible
that one's tasks are made conven-' too that most of them do not
ient and almost 'pleasant. The even want riots, but the hatred
friendly people talk about sum- is there and the summer's heat
mer plans, or just about the will soon set it aflame. Stokely
weather. Carmichael, speaking in Chicago
These buildings lie in the heart recently, called for organized re-
of Chicago's West Side. Just be- sistance, organized guerrilla tac-
yond the calm and well-lit busi- tics for ghettos across the coun-
ness atmosphere are the crumbling Onrt heprother hand,been gi
tenements and dirty children, the povet ramihsin giden
hatred and the anticipation of a an extra $75 million to ward off
coming'explosion - perhaps this danger this summer in the major
summer. cities. Mayor Daley of Chicago has
While the large brick buildings enlarged the sprinkler system in
of the company stand strong and pers when the heat comes. (Last
inviolable-monuments to free en- y henicienhtatcsa t
terprise-just beyond all safety rt ocd whed the
is gone, all the pleasantness and turned off a fire hydrant which
trust is gone, all the strength of Negro children were using in
an expanding corporation with place $f a neighborhood pool or a
hundredsa ofoutlets across thetrip to the crowded, dirty beach-
coutr vnihe. As you walk e.
from the "L" train to work in the
morning, there is a uniformed po- Yet if you ride through Negro
liceman on every corner to make areas, you feel that very little
sure you arrive safely at the com- can be done, and what is being
pany's doors four blocks down. done is a mere pittance. When
There have been no riots or ma- the sun beats straight down and
jor disturbances as yet - the the wind (the "hawk" in Lou
weather has not really become Rawls' song about Chicago) blows
warm and kids are still in school dust through the shadeless streets,
-but whites and blacks alike are you cannot help but see the bleak-
getting ready, ness of the dirty, aged buildings.
Away from work the top of One cannot help seeing the three
everyone's conversation is what of our childrn palin in fr the
will happen this summer. In the age of seven, all playing with a
past th riots have been confined subdued quality one does not find
noughityo hv oiorktherbad among white children of the same
age. You cannot help feeling the
Will the police and the National cold stares that "whitey" gets.
Guard be able to maintain con- You are the alien, the enemy, the
trol this time? There is a deep persecutor.
fear in much of the white com- You feel, too, somewhere in
munity of impending violence, a your heart, that the rioting is
fear that easily becomes hatred. right, that it has to be, that if
Adding to those fears is a re- you were in their position. . .
"Unfortunately, A Bit Late For My
Housing Problem"
Ig
- 4,~ 4
'
3 -
-3 S

The rioting is an evil, but it at-
tacks a greater evil which socie-
ty's small offerings are unable to
correct, but toward which more
will not be done. But you know,
too, that the rioting will do no
good, other than letting out the
hate and frustration-and in do-
ing that, it will create more hatred.
And you know, too, that this
time the rioting might strike down
a friend who goes to school at
the University of Illinois campus,
which was at the edge of the riot
area last summer, or a relative
who works somewhere in the riot
area. And how do you explain
then that the rioting is necessary
and it is right? Whether the per-
sons struck down are those merch-
ants or landlords who have been
for years the immediate exploit-
ers of the ghetto, or just those
who by being white and well-off
(or at least better off than blacks)
share guilt by complicity, you
cannot expect a tolerant outlook
from their relatives and friends
toward Negro militancy, toward
open-housing, or toward that em-
phathetic feeling inside you.
AND WHAT is the role you must
play? You walk after work to the
"L" train, rather than taking the
buses that guarantee safety from
the company's front door. For the
four blocks you. feel the sharp
stares, you watch the groups of
young men, probably unemployed,
congregated on corners or door-
steps, groups which stay their con-
versation as you pass and follow
you with dark eyes.
You want to say, "It's all right.
I'm on your side." But they would
laugh or sneer. And you want to
say, "I understand why you riot
-conditions here are terrible, and
the psychological frustration is
the worst of all." But you do not
really understand, and they know
it.
It seems to you that the solu-
tion is so easy as to be absurd:
more money, more well-trained
and dedicated people, more or-
ganization, more building. But the
money and energy are not forth-
coming.
You have been taught that this
is a great land in which everyone
can have his chance, where peo-
ple live with a democratic ideal.
In your silence you want to say:
"There are people who know this
is wrong and want to correct it.
Let us work together and orga-
nize and not despair." But the
problem has gone beyond faith
and the trust required to set
wrongs right. The city surrounds
you - one-half of it festers in
darkening streets and too-cramp-
ed apartments, while the other
half locks its doors in anticipa-
tion.
As you walk, part of a broken
bottle crashes in front of you-
meant for you. You do not look
to see where it has come from.
The "L" train is there to carry
you toward the suburbs and the
company's buildings boldly dot the
cnncea+ Tr I-he .rnn+ +then.nnln

1

Bananas, Anyone?

TV Critic

THE FOLLOWING is an excerpt of a
speech given by Robert Vaughn, alias
Napoleon Solo, "The Man from U.N.CL.E."
"In our fervor to halt the potential
spread of totalitarianism, what incredible
precedent are we setting in Vietnam? Is
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Summer subscription rate: $2.00 per term by carrier
($2.50 by mail); $4.00 for entire summer ($4.50 by
mail).
Daily except Monday during regular academic school

this the way we intend to conquer Com-
munism? Are we to oppose inevitably
emerging popular revolutions when they
don't meet with our fancy, and by our
opposition totally ignore the ,will of the
people involved? Are we to prevent the
spread of Communism by sacrificing the
principles of democracy? Oppose them
by disseminating lies to our own people;
oppose them by clandestine and illegal
plotting in order to set up puppet militar-
ist governments; by breaking treaties, by
giving no heed to international law, by
marching our legions through the coun-
tryside of foreign continents, burning

Rep. Frank Thompson (D-
NJ) is a prominent liberal mem-
ber of Congress. The following
article was originally inserted in
the "Congressional Record." It
appears here through the cour-
tesy of Rep. Thompson's office.
-Ed.'
By REP. FRANK THOMPSON
Collegiate Press Service
WASHINGTON-The U.S. Food
and Drug Administration recent-
ly launched an investigation of
banana peel smoking.
This was very good news to me,
since I have been extremely con-
cerned over the serious increase
in the use of hallucinogenics of
youngsters. Apparently, it was not
enough for this generation of thrill
seekers to use illicit LSD, mari-
juana andairplane glue. They
have now invaded the fruit stand.
The implications are quite clear.
From banana it is a short but
shocking step to other fruits. To-
day the cry is "Burn, Banana,
Burn." Tomorrow we may face
strawberry smoking, dried apricot
inhaling or prune puffing.
What can Congress do in this
time of crisis? A high official in

land, "the land of Honalee," as
it is described in the peel puffers'
secret psychedelic marching song,
"Puff, the Magic Dragon."
Part of the problem is. with
bananas at 10 cents a pound, these
beatniks can afford to take a hal-
lucinogenic trip each and every
day. Not even the New York City
subway system, which advertises
the longest ride for the cheapest
price, can claim for pennies a
day to send its passengers out of
this world.
Unfortunately,,many people have
not yet sensed the seriousness of
this hallucinogenic triptaking.
Bananas may help explain the
trancelike quality of much of the
90th Congress proceedings. Just
yesterday I saw on the luncheon
menus of the Capitol dining room
a breast of chicken Waikiki entry
topped with, of all things, fried
bananas.
AS WITH ANY revolutionary
reform movement, I expect the
forces of opposition to be quite
strong. One only has to look at
the total lack of federal law or
regulation relating to bananas to
realize the banana lobby's power.
We have regulations on avocados,

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