FRIDAY, MAY 26, 1967
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TIlE MICHIGAN fl411V
Judge Rejects War Crim
Testimony in Levy
From Egypt, Israel Posts
COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP)-A military
judge yesterday threw out testi-
mony of war crimes in Vietnam
as a defense for Capt. Howard B.
Levy, the Army doctor charged
with disloyalty for refusing to
train Green Beret medics.
Col. Earl V. Brown, law officer
at Levy's court-martial, held there
was no evidence that an order of
Levy to train the medics was 11-
legal based on the defense's con-
tention that the soldiers engaged
in war crimes.
Brown's decision followed tes-
timony about atrocities by South
Vietnamese against war prisoners
in Vietnam. The military judge
left open the question of admitting
testimony about brutality in ex-
tenuation of punishment for Levy,
"if the trial reaches that stage."
That meant Levy's defense
might put up such evidence in an
effort to lighten the sentence if he
The ruling opened the way for
the 10-member tribunal to return
To New York
Aides Say Secretary
Carries Special Note
From Nasser to UN
BEIRUT, Lebanon (IP) - The
United States is pulling wives and'
children of U.S. officials tout of'
Egypt and Israel because of a'
dangerous situation that could
rapidly develop into an Arab-Is-
The U.S. announcement affect-
ing more than 500 dependents,
came yesterday, a few hours after
U.N. Secretary-General U Thant
cut short by 24 hours a peace mis-
sion to Cairo and flew back to New
York to report to the U.N. Security
Council on the Middle East crisis.
There were these other develop-
" President Johnson made a
surprise trip to Canada--a key
nation in the effort to prevent a
Middle East War-to confer with
Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson
and visit Expo 67, the world's fair.
" Arabs and Israelis reported
border incidents. Cairo radio said
a unit of the Palestine Liberation
Army in the Gaza Strip clashed
with an Israeli patrol Wednesday
night and forced it back into Is-
rael. There was no confirmation
The American dependents were
told to leave Egypt and Israel
within 48 hours by way of com-
Officials in Washington said
about 120 American dependents
will leave the Israeli cities of Tel
Aviv and Jerusalem and that 400
will begin flying out of Egypt on
State Department officials said
there was no direct connection be-
tween the evacuations and Thant's
efforts in his talks with President
Gamal Abdel Nasser and other
Egyptian leaders in Cairo.
But officials agreed that the
action was based on a recognition
of a dangerous situation that could
get worse rapidly.
Attention remained focused on
the Gulf of Aqaba. The Egyptians
have reported they have mined
its entrance, the Straight of Tiran,
and that shore batteries and patrol
boats will stop shipping to and
from Elath. Israel has said it will
fight if Egypt carries out its
But no Israeli shipping has en-
tered the gulf since Nasser an-
nounced his blockade intentions on
Monday. No Israeli shipping is ex-
pected in the gulf in the imme-
diate future, officials said.
Thant conferred with Nasser
Wednesday ,night. He met Foreign
Minister Mahmoud Riad of Egypt
yesterday before his departure.
PRIME MINISTER LEVI ESHKOL of Israel, left, is seen yesterday during a visit to Israeli troops
in the Negev Desert. With Eshkol, who also is Israeli's minister of defense, are Gen. Izhak Rabin,
uniformed, second from left; Yigal Alon, third from left, minister of labor, and Col. Israel Lior,
right. Rabin is chief of staff of the Israeli Army and Lior is Eshkol's military secretary. The man
behind Eshkol is unidentified. Eshkol visited Negev as tensions between Israel and Egypt con-
tinue to mount.
Supply Is rael Ad Needs
Experts Say Reports
Of Israeli Threats
EDITOR's NOTE: What set off
the current crisis in the Middle
East and what are the chances
it will go over the brin into war?
Here is an analysis by the chief
Associated Press correspondent in
that area, based on soundings with
experts in Beirut and elsewhere.
By ROY ESSOYAN
An AP News Analysis
BEIRUT, Lebanon (/P)-Diplo-
mats and experts in Arab affairs
believe a series of grave miscal-
culations-by the Soviet Union,
Israel and Egypt-may have pre-
ripitated the brink-of-war crisis
in the Middle East.
The last thing the United States'
or Britain wants at this point is a
military involvement in the Middle
East. But the United States is
committed to defend Israel in case
of Arab attack. Both powers con-
sider free access into the Gulf of
Aqaba-the potential flashpoint of
war which Egypt threatens to
block-is guaranteed by interna-
The United States is known to
be exerting strong political press-!
ure to restrain Israel from any
overt move that may set off a
war. Many diplomats fear the
United States may not be able
to hold Israel back, or that Is-
raeli political leaders may not be
able to restrain their own military,
if there is further provocation.t
Diplomats trace the present si-t
tuation to a series of statementsl
by Israeli leaders two weeks ago.c
These statements warned that Is-
rael would attack Syria in force if
Syrian-sponsored commando raidsl
into Israel continued. .
The observers believe theset
warnings alarmed Nasser, as did at
series of distorted intelligence re-
ports he received claiming a majort
Israeli military buildup on its
northern front facing Syria. c
U.N. observers and other in-i
dependent sources have showni
since then that there was no suchF
Nasser apparently believed them,k
made his fateful decision to grab
the initiative from the Israelis,
and turned the screw a secondc
fateful notch by ordering thec
peacekeeping U.N. Emergency
Force out of Sinai.t
This step led inevitably, Arab
experts here say, to Nassser's de-c
cision to block the Aqaba strait.
DONALD W. DUNCAN, waiting to testify, smokes outside the
Fort Jackson courtroom during a recess from his testimonial
suport for Capt. Howard B. Levy, charged with disloyalty.
Duncan, former master sergeant in the Special Forces, in Viet-
nam said prisoners are tortured by Vietnamese.
MESSAGE TO CONGRESS:
LI3J Asks Election
to the courtroom for the comple-
tion of the trial. Brown heard tes-
timony about atrocities with the
tribunal outside the courtroom.
Brown recessed the trial Wed-
nesday after a Special Forces com-
bat veteran told of the Green
Berets ignoring crimes committed
against war prisoners by South
Says Orders Illegal
Levy. 30, of Brooklyn, N.Y., a
dermatologist at Ft. Jackson Army
hospital, contends that order for
him to trail! the Special Forces
medics were illegal.
Attorneys for Levy argue that
his disobedience was justified on
the ground that Special Forces
troopscommit war crimes, vio-
lating international law.
Chief defense counsel Charles
Morgan Jr. of the American Civil
Liberties Union introduced several
witneses Wednesday. But they at-
tributed the torture to the South
Vietnamese soldiers - not the
Green Beret troops.
Morgan again asked Brown to
give the defense time to visit Viet-
nam inconnection with the trial.
Brown indicated he might accede,
"if you can show relevancy."
When pressed, Brown said, "I
would like to go, too, but it would
have to be relevant."
One of Wednesday's defense wit-
nesses was Donald W. Duncan, a
combat veteran with the Special
Forces in Vietnam. Duncan, mil-
itary editor of Ramparts magazine
and author of a book about the
war, said Green Beret troops turn-
ed their backs on brutal treatment
of prisoners by the South Viet-
Duncan also testified that he
once was ordered by radio to "get
rid of" two prisoners during a
patrol. He said he pretended to
misunderstand and brought the
prisoners back with his pistol.
South Vietnamese Control
Afterward, he said, his superior
officers told him they meant for
him to kill the prisoners.
Under United States policy,
Duncan testified, prisoners taken
by Special Forces soldiers were
handed over to the South Viet-
He said that in his 18 months
of duty in Vietnam he did not wit-
ness any torture or brutality by
Green Beret troops. He served
4%/2 years in the Special Forces
and was decorated for valor,before
ending his 10-year Army career in
September of 1965.
Duncan testified that he was an
instructor in the Special Forces,
and the troops were taught that
the worst way to extract infor-
mation was by torture.
WASHINGTON (R) - Military
aid shows up a tiny fraction of
the $3.4-billion flow of American
dollars, loans and credits to Israel
since it became a nation 19 years
But what really sets Israel apart
from other countries receiving U.S.
help since World War II is the
volume of private contributions that
has more than doubled the $1,104,
000,000 provided through govern-
ment aid prgrams starting with
the Marshall Plan in 1948.
Through the years, U.S. gov-
ernment books disclose only $27.6
million for military aid to Israel-
all of it for "credit assistance" to
help Israel buy American arms.
Most of this was provided in the
past two years for some 200 Pat-
ton tanks, a few jet fighter-at-
tack planes and an undisclosed
number of Hawk antiaircraft de-
American administrations since
President Harry S. Truman have
deliberately curbed arms aid to Is-
rael under a policy of refraining
from becoming a major military
supplier to any country of the
President Johnson bent that
policy in the case of the tanks and
Arab Military Power
Above 1956 Level
LONDON (IP)-Israel will have a
far tougher time than 10 years
ago in any war with her Arab
neighbors today, British military
And the position of King Hus-
sein of Jordan in any such con-
flict could be crucial.
Ten years ago in the Suez con-
flict Israeli forces sliced through
President Gamal Abdel Nasser's
Egyptian army to reach the Suez
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
AUGUSBURG, Germany-A So-
viet MIG fighter crash landed
near here yesterday and West
German military officials said the
pilot had asked for political asy-
The plane made a wheels-up
landing in a meadow near Dillin-
gen,. about 20 miles northwest of
here, and skidded across the field.
The pilot, about 25, was unhurt,
the duty officer at a nearby army
unit said. The pilot walked to
the nearest road and a passing
driver gave him a lift to the lo-
cal military unit, the duty offi-
NEW YORK-A carbon copy
of an unpublished story by Er-
nest Hemingway was sold for $6,-
250 Wednesday by Charles Ham-
ilton Autographs in an auction at
the Waldorf-Astoria. It had pen-
ciled on it 350 words of correc-
tions in Hemingway's handwrit-
The story, called "Black Ass at
the Crossroads," dealt with Ameri-
can soldiers during World War II.
MOSCOW - The Soviet Union
launched yesterday its fifth Mol-
niya communications satellite and
reported all equipment on board
was functioning normally.
The Molniya satellites are used
for transmitting radio and tele-
vision programs. The first Mol-
niya-the word means lightning--
was put upApril 23, 1965, the
fourth last Oct. 20.
The latest Molniya was report-
ed orbiting theearthnonce every
11 hours and 55 minutes, with a
maximum height of 24,682 miles
in the Northern Hemisphere and
285 miles in the Southern Hemis-
The other four Molniyas have
had very similar orbits, shaped
to keep the satellites over the So-
viet Union as much as possible.
* * * -
NEW YORK - The stock mar-
ket rallied yesterday, breaking a
streak of six losing sessions.
Brokers described the upturn as
a technical rebound, spurred by
traders who moved in on the mar-
ket to pick up bargains in stocks
which had declined over the past
several days. They said a growing
conviction that the Middle East
crises would not flare into war
was also a factor.
Canal in four days. They fanned
out over the whole of the Sinai
But the Egyptian air force had
been all but destroyed on the
ground by British and French
British and French assault
forces stormed ashore from war-
ships off Port Said to fight a
major share of the ground con-
flict, and none of Israel's other
Arab neighbors played any mili-
tary part in the brief campaign.
In 1956 the Egyptians were still
struggling to learn how to use re-
cently delivered Soviet weapons.
They now have had 10 years in-
struction by Soviet technicians.
In addition, Egypt has been
fighting a protracted campaign in
Yemen and has 50,000 battle-
hardened veterans available there.
Hussein's Position Important
Experts agree that any major
fighting would be between the
Israelis and the Egyptians, but
the position of King Hussein
would have an important bearing.
Officially, Jordan, like Saudi
Arabia, is committed by its vote
last Saturday in the Arab League
Council to support Egypt and
Syria against Israel.
But Nasser has long been carry-
ing on a cold war with Hussein
and Saudi Arabia's King Faisal.
Both have been the targets of
violent attack by Cairo radio,
even after the start of the present
Whether the two monarchs
would ardently launch their forces
to help out Nasser is a question
being asked here.
Jordan has 350 miles of com-
mon frontier with Israel, com-
pared to the 140 miles between
Israel and Egypt and 50 miles be-
tween Israel and Syria.
the jet aircraft only after West
Germany backed away from sup-
plying the armored vehicles after
a comparable number of American
planes were sent to Israel's neigh-
The largest American financial
contributions to Israel have come.
from two sources-United Jewish
Appeal and Israel Bonds.
In the 18 years through 1966,
the UJA raised $935 million for
the Jerusalem based Jewish Agen-
cy for Israel. This year's goal is
an additional $47 million. The
money has been used for the re-
;eption, resettlement and welfare
of about 1.25 million immigrants.
In 16 years through last year,
the Israel Bonds organization has
sold about $900 million worth of
State of Israel bonds in denom-
inations ranging from $100 to
$100,000, and bearing 4 per cent
The bond drive target for 1967
is $115 million. Bond sale proceeds
are earmarked for development of
Israel's general economy, harbors,
highways, natural resources and
Another major nongovernment
contributor to Israel is Hadassah,
the women's Zionist organization,
which has sent more than $200
million for support of hospitals,
vocational education and land re-
clamation projects. Hadassah's
1967 goal is $10 million, plus $500,
000 worth of drugs and medical
Other private sources of aid for
which dollar values are unavail-
able immediately, include the Jew-
ish National Fund, which supports
tree planting and cultural projects,
American Red Mogen David for
Israel, which provides first-aid
equipment and ambulances.
Several American groups sup-
port higher education in Israel,
including committees for Bar-Ilan
University, the Weizmann Insti-
tue for Science, the Hebrew Uni-
versity and the Technion-Israel
Total U.S. Aid
Total U.S. government aid to
Israel through 1966 includes $735.4
million in credits and long-term,
modest-interest loans and $369.1
million in outright grants. Israel
has repaid $320.3 million of loan,
principal, and Interest.
The value of Food for Peace
shipments is $346 million.Some
$203.2 million of U.S. economic
aid funds have been in direct
loans to the government of Israel
and lesser amounts to private in-
dustry in that country. And the
Export-Import Bank has loaned
$217.4 million for a variety of
WASHINGTON (A') -President
Johnson proposed yesterday that
the government pay some of the
major expenses a presidential
nominee and his party face in
campaigning for the White House.
His message went to Congress
as the House voted to undo an
untried presidential campaign fi-
nance law, which would have let
taxpayers earmark one dollar of
their returns for the purpose.
The Senate is expected to take
the same action soon.
The President rejected the tax
checkoff approach, but sought to
retain the principle of public fi-
nancing. He recomended a direct
appropriation for campaign travel,
advertising and radio-television
The President recommended also
an overhaul of the laws governing
campaign contributions and dis-
He asked for full disclosure of
contributions over $100 and a
$5,000 limit on any individual's
donation to a single candidate.
At the heart of his message was
House Passes Education Bill
Over Repucn Opposition
WASHINGTON (P) - House leadership opposed the bill "speaks
Democratic leaders claimed a for itself."
major political victory yesterday Democratic leaders were gen-
in passage of a battered version of erally pleased with the outcome,
the Johnson administration's edu- especially since some had said pri-
cation bill, while Republicans con- vately several hours before the
tended their opposition was a con- vote that they thought a Repub-
structive effort. lican-Southern Democratic coali-
"We beat the Republicans and tion on important amendments
we won the bill," Democratic had enough strength to send the
Leader Carl Albert of Oklahoma entire measure back to the Edu-
told reporters a few hours after cation and Labor Committee.
the 294-122 early morning vote Republicans Buck Party
sent the education measure on to, Ford expressed surprise that
the Senate. as many as 46 Republicans had
House Republican Leader Ger- bucked the party leadership on
ald R. Ford of Michigan said sending the bill back to committee.,
he and other GOP leaders voted The GOP picked up the same
against the administration's bill, number of Democrats, mostly
even though it contained some Southerners, but this was far be-
GOP-backed amendments, because low the number Republican strate-
they felt "it would have been gists had counted on.
far more constructive" to give it On passage of the bill, the GOP
further committee study. Leadership lost not only a major-
But Speaker John W. McCor- ity of Republicans, but an over-
mack (D-Mass), said the fact that whelming percentage of the bump-
Ford and the rest of the GOP er crop of GOP freshman.
A F UT U RE IN E LECT RON ICS
- c t
the proposal that the government!
subsidize presidential campaigns of
both major parties, and of minor
ones which claim at least five per
cent of the total vote in the cur-
The third-party provision could
provide post-campaign assistance
for the 1968 presidential race
which former Alabama Gov.'
C. Wallace has indicated he will
Under Johnson's proposal he
would be eligible for help if he
polled between five and 25 per cent
of the popular vote. If he got over
25 per cent he'd be eligible for
7 : '''f
WORLD'S LARGEST MANUFACTURER OF ELECTRONIC KITS
BENTON HARBOR-ST. JOSEPH, MICHIGAN
Graduate Engineers with educational qualifications and interest for
design and development in one or more product areas. Solid state
circuit design knowledge is a must.
Audio -Stereo/high fidelity receivers, amplifiers and
Communications-Amateur radio, citizen band, marine receivers
Instruments -Industrial and laboratory test eauioment.
makes every girl a
dream in this old fashioned tent of white
cotton batiste .
Pipes it in pale yellow around neckline and
sleeves and adds a demure touch of lace,
See it in our State Street window along with
matching slacks, tops, and sleeveless styled
shift. Sizes 5-11. $26.00.
- - I II