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May 23, 1967 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1967-05-23

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TUESDAY, MAY 23, 196'7

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAn'1

TUESDAY, MAY 23, 1967 THE MICHIGAN DAiLY

rtAflhI1

'World

Diplomats

Attempt

ENEMY ATTACKS:
U. S. Attackers.Hit Hanc

'To

Avert

Middle

East

I

'U Thant Goes
On Five-=Day
Peace Tri
Israel Makes Offer
To Withdraw Troops,
If Egypt Does Same
UNITED NATIONS (A)-Sec-
retary-General U Thant held last-
minute talks with the chief dele-
gates of the United States, the
Soviet Union, Britain and France
prior to departure last night on a
five-day Mideast peace mission
centered at Cairo.
There was no word on whether
Thant was seeking any definite
commitments from Egyptian Pres-
ident Gamal Abdel Nasser in the
wake of Thant's compliance with
Egypt's demands for removal of
the United Nations Emergency
Force from Egyptian territory.
In Israel yesterday, Prime Min-
ister Levi Eshkol offered to with-
draw Israeli troops from the bor-
der with Egypt if Egypt would do
the same.
In a speech to the Parliament
in Jerusalem, Eshkol appealed to
the United Nations and the big
powers to use their influence for
peace on Egypt to avoid "the
danger of a conflagration in the
Middle East."
In Damascus, the Syrian chief
of state, Nureddin el-Atassi said
Syria and Egypt were ready to
turn back any Israeli aggression
and begin the "final liberation
battle" against the Jewish state.
He said Arab guerilla raids into
Israel, which sparked the crisis,
would go on.
Atassi spoke to a meeting of
leaders of the Pan-Arab Federa-
tion of Labor Trade Unions at
which Hashem Ali Mohsen, the
group's secretary-general, threat-
ened that Arabs would blow up
Western oil installations in the
Middle East if war broke out. He
said the Arabs would also move
against all Western sea and air
traffic.
Nasser visited an Egyptian air
base in Sinai yesterday on a 2%-
hour tour of Egyptian positions
along the frontier with Israel.
Nasser's visit was announced by
his government after his return to
Cairo. He was accompanied on the
tour by the armed forces com-
mander, Field Marshal Abdel
Hakim Amer, and Defense Min-
ister Shams Badran.
A U.N. spokesman said Thant
had no plans to visit Israel or
other Arab countries in the Middle
East. He will confer in Cairo with
Nasser, other Egyptian officials
4 and the UNEF commander, Maj.
Gen. Indar Jit Rikhye of India.

rWar
Washington
tsks Soviet
For Stability
Report Johnson Says
Israeli Trade Route
International Water
WASHINGTON (P)-Adminis-
ation officials were reported
>peful yesterday the Soviet Gov-
nment will use its influence to
crease the risk of war between
rael and the Arab states.
S t a t e Department officials
irned yesterday against any in-
rference with shipping to Israel.
President Johnson was reported
have reinforced U.S. diplo-
atic appeals for Soviet coopera-
>n with a personal message to
:emier Alexei N. Kosygin in the
st few days.
Although White House and State
epartment spokesmen refused to
)nfirm the President's reported
ove, diplomatic informants said
ey understood Johnson had
ade the request.
These sources also said they
lieve the Soviet government,
th closeties to Egypt and other
rab states, was avoiding action
hich might inflame the situation
trther.
A State Department official said
sterday the United States con-
ders the sea passage through the
arrow strait of Tiran, between
e Gulf of Aqaba and the Red
ea, an international waterway
nd therefore not to be closed off.
Egypt whichcontrols one side
fthe strait, could block it al-
ough U.S. and other Western
overnments are believed to have
arned Cairo against such a move.
State Department press officer
arl Bartch told a news confer-
nee the United States has a con-
nuing commitment to maintain
eace and security in the Middle
ast.
He recalled U.S.-British-French
ommitments publicly stated in
950 against tolerating aggression
y any nation in the Middle East.
:e said the pledge is still valid.
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-NY),
aid yesterday that United Nations
ecretary-General U Thant's deci-
on to withdraw U.S. peace-keep-
Zg forces from the Gaza Strip
as a "most deplorable one" and
ad hurt the world organization.

Despite
SAIGON (R) -- U.S. planes
streamed over North Vietnam yes-
terday and smashed at targets
near Hanoi, ignoring the first day
of a Communist cease-fire. Pilots
said a MIG21 was downed in a
dogfight.
Hanoi radio claimed six U.S.
planes were shot down while at-
tacking "densely populated quar-
ters" in the center and vicinity
of the North Vietnamese capital.
There was no confirmation in Sai-
gon.
As today began, the U.S., South
Vietnamese and allied forces sus-
pended all operations for 24 hours
in honor of Buddha's birthday.
The Communist broke their
truce yesterday. They launched a
heavy attack in the central high-
lands, blew up a South Vietnam-
ese military train, causing light
casualties, and engaged in scat-
tered clashes elsewhere.
How successful today's cease-fire
would be was problematical.
Falling antiaircraft shells, frag-
ments of Soviet missiles and
bombs from U.S. air raiders are
causing casualties and destruction
in the Hanoi area, a Japanese cor-
respondent in the North Vietnam-
ese capital reported.
Yasumasa Ohta, Kyodo News
Service correspondent, said in a
dispatch that, "There was no
telling when and where death or
injury would occur by falling anti-
aircraft shells, Soviet missile frag-
ments and raiders' weapons."

Truce
"Anti-aircraft batteries in
around the city seem to have
pressive firepower, but ther
hardly enough time to take ci
after an alarm is sounded in
of the speed of attacking U.S
planes," he wrote.
Ohta, who entered North V
nam through Communist Ch
said he went through nine
raid alarms in Hanoi Sunday

Efforts
and He said a local news ph
im- rapher was reported to have
e is beheaded by a sharp piece
over missile.
view He rushed to various spots
. jet ported hit by American bomb
Hanoi Sunday "under the g
Viet- ance of members of the I
hina, ocratic Republic of Vietnam (
air mission for Cultural Relations
Y. Foreign Countries."

Hong Kong Chinese
Continue Disorders

HONG KONG W) -Thousands
of police, spearheaded by heavily
armed units in trucks and ar-
mored cars and aided by a curfew
forced a night of peace upon Hong
Kong yesterday after another day
of violent Communist-led anti-
British riots.
Rampaging mobs of Chinese
hurled acid at police from roof-
tops, battled the constables in
bloody clashes and tried to incite
more violence with inflammatory
loudspeaker broadcasts and news-
paper reports. Scores were injured
and more than 150 were jailed.
Police said they shot one Chinese
rioter who threw gasoline and
lighted matches at a patrol. The

-Associated Press
POINTING THE WAY
Dr. Wernher von Braun (left) points to rocket m odels as he explains their function to Vice Presi-
dent Hubert H. Humphrey. Braun was taking the vice president on a tour of the NASA-Marshall
Space Flight Center near Huntsville yesterday afternoon.
ON FRAUD CHARGE:
Supreme Court Orders NewU
Hearing for Tieamster Boss

'Illegally Drafted' Civilian
Wins Lengthy Court Battle

Chinese was reported in fair con-
dition in a hospital.
Massed loudspeakers atop the
Communist Bank of China in the
heart of this British colony on
Communist China's d o o r s t e p
blared accusations that police had
shot a Chinese to death. Police
denied it and nearby government
loudspeakers played Chinese music
at ear-splitting volume ,to drown
out the charges.
Police fired hundreds of tear gas
volleys and made scores of night-
stick charges in the eleventh
straight day of rioting or anti-
British demonstrations. Govern-
ment sources said the mobs were
led by Communists known to be
receiving instruction from Peking.
The government announced a.
ban on public processions, meet-
ings and demonstrations without
prior police approval. It said par-
ticipants in unauthorized as-
semblages would be subject to ar-
rest.
The disorders began May 11.
Communists were believed aiming
to stifle Chinese Nationalist activ-
ity in Hong Kong and, prevent the
colony from being used by Amer-
ican servicemen on leave from
Vietnam.
Public transportation was halted
during the day and scores of
streets were blocked by buses and
taxicabs abandoned by their driv-
ers, members of a leftist union.
Police rushed reinforcements to
threatened areas with the help of
a spotter in a helicopter. All 100,
000 police were in action or on
alert and about 7,000 British
troops were also alerted.

WASHINGTON RA)- The Su-
preme Court yesterday ordered
a new hearing for Teamster Pres-
ident James R. Hoffa on his 1964
federal mail fraud conviction.
The hearing, the court said in an
unsigned opinion, will be for pur-
poses of determining if Hoffa's
trial was affected by admitted gov-
ernment eavesdropping on a code-
fendant.
The court directed a federal
court in Chicago to determine
whether conceded FBI eavesdrop-
ping on a co-defendant figure af-
fected the 1964 mail fraud con-
viction of James R. Hoffa, presi-
dent of the Teamsters Union.
If the federal court in Chicago
finds that Hoffa's conviction was
tainted by the eavesdropping, the
Supreme Court said, "it would
then become its duty" to grant
him a new trial.

Hoffa drew a five-year prison
sentence on the mail fraud con-
viction.
The court's action today has no
bearing on his unrelated convic-
tion for jury tampering. He is
currently serving an eight-year
sentence on that conviction in the
federal penitentiary in Lewisburg,
Pa.
Black Dissents
The court acted on a 7-1 vote.
Dissenting Justice Hugo L. Black
noted that he favored hearing
arguments before the Supreme
Court on the case.
Justice Byron R. White, a for-
mer deputy U.S. attorney general,
took no part in the case.
The subject of the admitted FBI
eavesdropping was S. George Bur-
ris, 69, a New York City accoun-
tant convicted with Hoff a.
FBI Eavesdropping
On April 13 the Justice Depart-
ment told the court FBI agents
had overheard Burris discussing
his "personal financial problems"
with Benjamin Sigelbaum of
Miami, Fla.
In other action the Supreme
Court hinted yesterday it may re-
quire apportionment of local gov-
ernmental bodies by the one man-
one vote yardstick it tied to Con-
gress and state legislatures.
But it said the four cases be-
fore it for decision-from Ala-
bama, New York, Michigan and
Virginia-did not have the proper
ingredients for such a ruling at
this time.

"We reserved the question
whether the apportionment of
municipal or county legislative
agencies is governed by Reynolds
vs. Sims," Justice William O.
Douglas said for a united court.
But, he added, "We assume
arguendo-for the sake of argu-
ment-that it is."
In the historic Reynolds-Sims
decision in June 1964, the court
held that seats in both houses of
state legislatures must be ap-
portioned on a population basis.

FT. DIX, N.J.-Roy L. Shapiro,
ordered discharged from the Army
last week in an unprecedented
Federal Court ruling, became a
civilian again yesterday 10 months
after he was drafted against his
will.
Shapiro, 24, of Caldwell, N.J.,
was processed through a Ft. Dix
personnel center after orders were
received from Washington yester-
day. The Army honored a request
that he be shielded from photog-
raphers and newsmen.
Shapiro was to be whisked into
hiding, it was learned. Telephone
service at his home was tempor-
arily disconnected.
The final separation was a de-
nouement to a court battle which
resulted in what U.S. Atty. David
Satz Jr. in Newark, N.J., called
an "unprecedented" decision by
Federal Judge Reynier J. Worten-
dyke. He ruled last Monday that
Shapiro had been drafted illegally.
Judge Wortendyke held that
Shapiro had been denied his con-

stitutional rights during an ad-
ministrative hearing before Mont-
clair, N.J. Selective Service Board
12. He said that a quorum was not
present at the hearing when it
refused Shapiro's request for re-
classification from his 1-A status.
A spokesman for the local board
said that Shapiro will be reclassi-
fied when official notification of
his discharge is received.
Shapiro sought reclassification
on grounds that he was engaged
in essential service training men-
tally and physically handicapped
workers in silk screen printing.

U

Republican Candidates Charge
Bigotry in Kentucky Primary

Federal Education Aid Bill
Raises Church-State Issue

WASHINGTON (P) -- Republi-
cans seeking a new approach to
federal education aid were told
yesterday they are reviving a
church-state controversy t h a t
could end federal assistance to the
schools.
In turn, the Republicans accused
their Democratic opponents of
raising a smokescreen of church-
state involvement that simply does
not exist.
The issue of aid to parochial
schools flared up at the opening
of House debate; on a bill that
would continue a program begun
In 1965 aimed primarily at im-
proving the education of poor
children.
Shift Responsibility
A Republican-backed amend-
ment would shift major respon-
sibility for the program from
Washington to the states. Final
action on the bill is not expected
before tomorrow.
In the weeks since Rep. Albert
H. Quie (R-Minn) disclosed the
GOP amendment, Democrats from
President Johnson down have
hammered at the threat of a re-
vived religious controversy.
Rep. Carl D. Perkins (D-Ky),
floor manager for the bill, told the
House:
"You know and I know that
the church-state issue is lurking
there, ready to destroy federal aid
programs, just as it frustrated all
our efforts for so many years."
The 1965 Elementary and Sec-
ondary Education Act was the first

broad program of aid to elemen-1
tary and secondary schools to skirt1
the issue successfully. It did so by
declaring that the funds were for
programs to help "educationally
deprived" children, no matter in
what schools they were enrolled.
Public school officials are re-
quired to include eligible children
from parochial schools in the pro-
gram furnished by the federal
money.
Perkins said that under the
Quie amendment parochial school
participation would be subject to
the 50 state constitutions, 33 of
which he said prohibit the spend-
ing of public money for nonpublic
purposes.
"Let's not delude ourselves," said
Perkins. "Abandonment of cate-
gorized aid now would mean, in
a relatively short time, that there
would be no federal assistance to
elementary and secondary schools."
Rep. Hugh L. Carey (D-NY),
said Quie's amendment "would set
up a holy war that would make
the current difficulties in the Suez
area look like a Sunday School
picnic."
Rep. William H. Ayers (R-Ohio),
ranking Republican on the Edu-
cation and Labor Committee,
charged Perkins with putting up
a smokescreen.
Quie said he has included in his
amendment a provision that fed-
eral funds must be combined with
state funds, so the same principle
of direct federal benefit to chil-
dren would be obtained.

FRANKFORT, Ky. (M)-A tur-
bulent Republican primary for
governor was reported yesterday
while all seemed comparatively
quiet in the Democratic race.
Last-minute charges of bigotry
exchanged by GOP contenders
Marlow Cook and Louie B. Nunn
were expected to heighten voter
interest in today's election.
So was the endorsement of Cook
by U.S. Sen. John Sherman
Cooper (R-Ky), who earlier crit-
icized Nunn's c a m p a ig n on
grounds it stirred religious and ra-
cial prejudice.
And for the first time, an under-
tone related to the Republican

World News Roundup

presidential ragehas been sounded
openly.
Nunn said that Cook and a
"close supporter," who he did not
identify, met months ago with a
"financial backer" of Michigan
Gov. George Romney and Sen.
Jacob K. Javits (R-NY).
He said the purpose was "to
make a deal to deliver the Ken-
tucky delegation to the Romney-
Javits ticket at the 1968 conven-
tion."
Help Romney
Cook, a moderate, is regarded
as likely to shepherd Kentucky's
24 delegates into the Romney
camp.
Nunn, more conservative, seem-
ingly would lean toward someone
like former Vice President Richard
M. Nixon.
The GOP, holding its first se-
rious primary in 20 years, has been
torn internally by an urban versus
rural fight plus the question raised
by Cook's Roman Catholic faith.
Prejudice Tactics
Cook has contended Nunn is
using underhanded tactics which
arouse ill feelings toward Cath-
olics, Jews and Negroes.
Nunn charged Cook "has releas-
ed hate literature and will try
to attribute it to me."
Cook, 40, is Jefferson County-
Louisville-judge and never has
been defeated in his 10-year po-
litical career.
Nunn, 44, fell only 13,000 votes

short of gaining the governor-
ship in 1963.
The Louisville area is expected
to provide Cook's voting base while
Nunn is relying heavily on moun-
tainous southeastern Kentucky,
the state's "Bible belt."
The Democrats, who usually in-
dulge in ferocious primaries, have
been rather gentlemanly this time.
Democratic Hope
Gov. Edward T. Breathitt can-
not succeed himself. But his fac-
tion is trying to perpetuate itself
for another Afour years.
Its candidate is former Highway
Commissioner Henry Ward, 56, a
somewhat colorless candidate.
Ward's main challenger appears
to be former Gov. A. M. "Happy"
Chandler, seeking a third term.
The Republicans last elected a
governor in 1943.
Nominees also will be picked
for eight other statewide offices,
from lieutenant governor to au-
ditor, and for 104 seats in the
House of Representatives and 19
of those in the State Senate.
KEEP AHEAD
OF YOUR HAIR
NO WAITING
* 8 BARBERS
s OPEN 6 DAYS
The Dascola Barbers
Near the Michigon Theatre

/ J.
{ 1i
Silk ..
dots go delirious for our Miss J
on fortre! polyester/royon voile by

i

I

F

. 1

By The Associated Press
COLUMBIA, S.C.-Army Capt.
Howard B. Levy's lawyers, un-
successful in an attempt to have
his court-martial ended, began
yesterday sifting through evidence
purporting to show American Spe-
cial Forces troops commit war
crimes in Vietnam.
The U.S. Supreme Court, with-
out comment, denied pleas to
Chief Justice Earl Warren to stop
the court-martial and let a fed-
eral court hear Levy's challenge
of the code of military justice.
Levy, 30, a dermatoligist from
Brooklyn, N.Y., is charged with
refusing to obey an order to train
Special Forces medics in the
treatment of skin diseases.
His defense is based. on the
contention that U.S. Green Beret
troops are trained to exterminate
Vietnamese peasants whom they
can't "cure" politically. He says

the order for him to help train
them was unlawful.
Levy also is charged with mak-
ing disloyal statements and with
urging Negro enlisted men not to
serve in Vietnam.
* * *
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson selected Alexander B.
Trowbridge yesterday to move up
from acting secretary to secretary
of commerce.
The move could signal, for this
year at least, an end to further
attempts by the administration to
merge the Commerce and Labor
Departments and their related
functions into a new Department
of Economic Affairs.
Trowbridge has filled the top
post in the department on an act-
ing basis since Feb. 1 when the
resignation of John T. Connor
from the cabinet became effec-
tive.

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