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July 01, 1960 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1960-07-01

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FREEDOM:s
ARASH GIFT?
i~~e

YI r

Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom

Daitj

CLOUDY, SHOWERS
HighSO
Low-GO
Cooler, possibility
of thunder showers.

VOL. LXX, No. les

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1960

FIVE CENTS

FOUR PA

Hurry Legislative Action

Pass Defense Bill,
Seek To Close
WASHINGTON () -The Sen-
ate yesterday voted 683-26 to ad-
journ tomorrow and the House
was expected to vote soon to re-,
cess until after the national con-
ventions as measures were passed,
vetoed and sent to the President.
Congress sent a $39,996 million
defense money bill to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower last night.
The total is $661: 6 million
more than the President asked.
The measure, a compromise of
earlier House and Senate versions,
passed the House by voice after
a flurry of opposition to the Bo-'
mare anti-aircraft missile pro-
gram.
The bill, representing approxi-
mately half of the federal budget,
carries money to run the defense
establishment in the fiscal year
which starts today.
Despite the additions made by
Congress, Sens. Stuart Symington
(D-Mo.), a presidential aspirant,
and Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa.) bit-
terly attacked the bill as inade-
quate.
Symington said the amount
represents only 7.8 per cent of
the nation's gross annual income
and said this is the smallest per-
centage In any year since just be-
fore the Korean war.
Minimum Wage
The House yesterday passed a
scaled-down minimum wage In-
crease backed by Republicans and
Southern Democrats.
The coalition substituted its
own bill for a broader one backed
by the Democratic leadership. It
cut the proposed wage floor from
$1.25 an hour to $1.15, and elim-
inated overtime for newly cov-
ered workers.
The bill, introduced jointly by
Reps. A. Paul Kitchin (D-N.C.)
and William H. Ayres (R-Ohio),
would raise the present $1-an-
hour minimum to $1.15 and ex-
tend coverage to an estimated 1,-
x 400,000 employes of retail chain
organizations operating in two or
more states,
Rep. James Roosevelt (D-Calif.)
author of the broader bill, said
loopholes in the Kitchin-Ayres
substitute would cut the actual
new coverage well below the esti-
mated figure.
Ike Veto
President Eisenhower de-
nounced and vetoed a bill to raise
the pay of 1% million government
workers a total of $764 million a
year.
His veto message, unusual for
Its sharp language, struck at
"shocking ... deplorable" lobby-
ing activities he ascribed to some
postal workers.
"I am informed," he said, "that
the enactment was attended by
intensive and unconcealed polit-
ical pressure exerted flagrantly
Cand In concept on members of
Congress by a number of postal
field service employes, particular-
ly their leadership .. .
The House will vote today on
whether to pass the bill over Es-
enhower's veto. The bill originally
passed the House 377-40 and the
Senate 62-17, margins far more
than the two-thirds that would
be needed to enact the bill despite
the veto.
Morton Cites
Rockefeller
WASHINGTON (P) - The Re-
publican National Chairman said
yesterday Gov. Nelson A. Rocke-
feller is giving the Democrats
political ammunition with his at-
tacks on Eisenhower Administra-
tion policies.
But in doing so, said GOP Chair-
* an Thruston B. Morton, the
Nelw York governor Is helping to

solidify the Republican Party
rather than doing it a disservice.
Morton said Rockefeller has
every right to express his views,
' but is "not speaking for the Re-
publican Party or any very large
segment of it" when he criticizes
the Administration's defense and
medical care for the aged pro-
grams.
The GOP Chairman, who is also
a Senator from Kentucky, dis-
cussed Rockefeller's activities with
newsmen after conferring with
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
at the White House.
Morton said he and Eisnehower
talked about plans for the Repub-
lican National Convention which
opens in Chicago on July 25, and
did not discuss Rockefeller.
In response to reporters' ques-

v

ITALIAN MELEE:
Communists Plan Rioting
To Protest Fascist Rally
GENOA, Italy ()-Fighting between police and Communist-led
demonstrators broke out in two Italian cities yesterday.
Police used tear gas and clubs against the sticks and stones of
demonstrators.
About 90 persons, half of them police, were reported injured in a

two-hour clash between 500 police
seaport. Another 30 persons, most o

and 300 demonstrators in this
f them policemen, were injured
n the north industrial city of
Nrin.

Democrat'
Victorious
In Dakota
FARGĀ©, ND. (M~-Freash m~n
Congressman Quentin Burdick, a
Democratic trailblazer in farm-
belt North Dakota, yesterday ap-
parently won the special North
Dakota Senate race in a theatric
finish.
Returns from all but three of
the historically Republican state's
2,313 precincts showed this unof-
ficial tally in Burdick's race with
GOP Gov. John Davis.
Burdick-1n4,375.
Davis-103,422.
But Davis refused to make any
concession, and the tightness of
Burdick's margin-less than 1,000

Protest Convention
In both cases the demonstra-
tors were protesting against plans
of the small Neo-Fascist Italian
Social movement to hold a na-
tional convention this weekend in
Genoa.
In Turin, police fired tear gas
and charged against chanting
crowds with their riot jeeps to
break up the protest.
In Genoa, several hundred per-
sons marched to police headquar-
ters and chanted "down with the
Neo-Fascists" after the main
demonstration was broken up.
The street battle occurred when
police tried to disperse a crowd
of 3,000 marching toward Genoa's
Central Piazza after a rally or-
ganized by the Communist Party.
The rally protested plans of the
Neo-Fascist Italian Social move-
ment to hold a national conven-
tion.
- Burn Jeeps.
Demonstrators set fire to two
police battle jeeps after surround-
ing and overpowering their occu-
pants with clubs.
It was the second street battle
in Genoa in five days between
police and leftist groups demon-
strating against the Fascist con-
vention. Sixty persons were injured
in the earlier clash Saturday.
The outbreaks appear-at first
glance at least--to mark a re-
sumption of the militant tactics
of Italy's Communist Party, the
largest outside the Iron Curtain.
Labor Strike
The Communist-sponsored Ital-
ian Confederation of Labor called
a half-day general strike of long-
shoremen, public transportation
workers and other groups in
Genoa. Non - Communist labor
unions did not join in the strike
call but they said their members
could join it if they wished.
This north Italian port city was
crippled by the strike from 2 p.m.
to 8 p.m.
About 10,000 persons attended
a mid-afternoon Red - sponsored
rally against the convention of
Italy's small Neo-Fascist Party.
Then about 3,000 marched toward
the Piazza de Ferrari in the cen-
ter of town. They were met by
police jeeps on the street leading
in the Piazza. Most demonstra-
tors dispersed, but about 300
staunch demonstrators formed in
the streets around the Central
Piazza, pried up cobblestones from
the streets and hurled them at the
police.
The street battle raged more
than two hours.
The Communist demonstrations
in Italy were seen by some as a
part of Red-inspired riots through-
out the world recently, such as
occurred in Japan and Africa.
The Neo-Fascist party due to its
size is not considered a substan-
tial threat to the Communists in
Italy.

Cyclotron
Approved
By Senate
The Senate Appropriations
Committee Wednesday approved
an appropriations bill including
the $1.8 million special purpose
cyclotron for the University,
The measure, which was pre-
viously approved by the Houseon
May 25, is part of a $2,453 million
proposal for the Atomic Energy
Commission.
The bill, now goes to the Sen-
ate floor for final passage and
then must go to the President for
approval.
The total public works proposal
passed by the Committee was
more than $4 billion and included
sums for the Department of the
Interior, Army, AEC and Tennes-
see Valley Authority projects.
The total public works measure
is $25.8 million more than Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower re-
quested but no veto action is ex-
pected. The Senate added $115
million to the House bill.
United States Representative
George Meader of the second dis-
trict, in a special telegram to the
Daily, said that he was "gratified
that the Senate Appropriations
Committee has taken this action.
One more hurdle has been cleared
to permit the University to make
a real contribution to science in
the study of the nuclei of the
heavier elements."
Meader was instrumental in
pushing the cyclotron appropri-
ation in the House.
Meanwhile, bids on the building
to house the cyclotron were taken
today. The bids will be considered
and the Regents will decide upon
the awarding of the contracts at
their July meeting.
Stevenson
Group Set
"Students for Stevenson" will
continue to collect signatures on
"draft Stevenson" petitions be-
tween 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. from a
booth on the Diag or in the Fish-
bowl, in case of rain.
Harry Henshaw, '61A&D, re-
ported that the student group ob-
tained University permission to
circulate their petitions yesterday
morning, and collected some 120
signatures during the afternoon.
Adlai E. Stevenson said last
night he has no real objections to
having his name placed in nomi-
nation at the Democratic Na-
tional Convention, according to
the Associated Press.
"On the basis of my experience
so far," Stevenson replied, "I
don'tathink it would make any
difference."
Pressed by newsmen to state
definitely whether he has any ob-
jections, he added, "No, I don't
really."
Leaders of the "Students for
Stevenson" group include Steve
Cain, '61, president, Henshaw,
Marcella Arnow, '61, Carol Fine-
lander, '61, Carolyn Henshaw,
'61A&D and Judy Marckwardt,
Grad.
"Students for Stevenson" is as-
sociated with the local municipal
group, "Citizens for Stevenson,"
headed by Prof. Robert C. Angell
of the sociology department. The
city group has been organized for
two weeks and has collected over
1,000 signatures.

UNDER CUBAN CONTROL:
U.S. Refinery Processing Russian Oil

HAVANA (P)-The confiscated
Texaco Oil Company refinery in
Santiago de Cuba began proces-
sing Russian crude oil yesterday.
The semiofficial newspaper
Revolucion hailed the action as a
sign the $25-million plant is no
longer foreign-owned.
Probable next targets of Prime
Minister Fidel Castro's campaign
against the United States and
"foreign monopolies" are the $26-
million British-Dutch Shell Oil
Co. refinery; the Esso Standard of
New Jersey rennery; the Cuban
Electric Co., the largest remain-
ing American investment in Cuba,
and the $125-million Cuban tele-
phone Co. in which the United
States International Telephone
and Telegraph Co. owns 65 per
cent of the stock. Castro officials
have been in charge of Cuban
Telephone since March 1959, but
have not officially taken over.
Follow Example
Executives of Esso and Shell,
who followed Texaco's example
in refusing to refine Russian
crude, said it appeared a matter
of days - perhaps hours - before
their plants also would be siezed
by the Cuban Petroleum Institute.
Technically, the Cuban govern-
ment "intervened" the Texaco
properties for refusal to refine
"state-owned oil." The govern-
ment-controlled press made it
clear intervention in this case
meant confiscation.
Shell's parent holding company,
Shell Oil of Canada, announced
that a shipment of crude oil to
Cuba had been suspended for
nonpayment and that Shell ex-
ecutives here had beer ordered
not to touch the Soviet oil Cuba
obtained in a sugar-for-oil ex-
change,
The Canadian firm said the
Cuban government has not paid
Butler Hits
Accusations15
LOS ANGELES VP) - "Nasty,
mean, vicious rumors," snapped
Democratic National Chairman
Paul Butler yesterday at reports
that the party's convention has
been rigged for Sen. John Ken-
nedy.
"An absolute falsehood," said
Butler of another report-that he
had been offered a business con-
nection with an establishment
controlled by the Kennedy family.
Butler, in a news conference,
also expressed hope former Presi-
dent Harry S. Truman would
change his mind and come to the
convention. .
He announced that he has
changed his mind and granted
space at convention headquarters
to backers of a draft-Adlai Stev-
enson movement.
Of reports the convention would
be rigged for the Massachusetts
senator, Butler said:
"I request a bill of particulars
from anyone making that charge.
I have not rigged the convention."

FIDEL CASTRO
. . . Russian oil
Shell for oil imports since may
of last year and owes more than
$17-million. Esso Standard said
it has an even larger backlog of
payment claims for oil already
processed and sold in Cuba.
Wednesday night's ouster, after
a 13-hour cabinet session, of
Communication Minister Enrique
Otulski Ozacki and his replace-
ment by a little known but fiery
revolutionist, Raul Curbelo Mor-
ales, appeared to signal a move
against the $300 million Cuban
Electric Co.
Cuban Threat
Otulski had threatened Cuban
Electric with intervention for fail-
ure to complete an expansion
program. Company officials said
the program had been curbed by
a forced rate cut and poor collec-
tions from government agencies
and communities served by the
firm, a subsidiary of the American
Foreign Power Co. Sources here
said the regime felt Otulski was
not aggressive enough with Cuban
Electric.
Cuban Electric, which furnishes
90 per cent of Cuba with electric
power, recently defaulted on an
18-million dollar loan from the
United States Import-Export
Bank. Company officials said this
was because the Cuban National
Bank refused to release foreign
exchange to pay $600,000 on the
loan and $500,000 in interest due
earlier this month. The firm be-
gan operations here in 1928. It
has 8,500 employes,
Castro's sudden spurt of activ-
ity against the United States I

Hatcher

Names Nelson

stems from his anger at the pend-
ing United States Congressional
bill that would allow the Presi-
dent to trim Cuba's quota of
sugar sales to the United States.
The United States now pays Cuba;
a premium above the world price
of sugar of about $150 million
per year.
While watching developments
here closely, the United States
Embassy indicated any action
against Cuba would come from
Washington. The United States
Department already has termed
the Texaco confiscation "a naked
seizure of property in contraven-
tion of norms of conduct by re-
sponsible governments."
Some American experts here
predicted a 'shortage of gasoline
would follow Cuban seizure of the
refineries. But Revolucion boasted
that an adequate oil supply is no
problem. It said many firms, in-
cluding at least one unnamed
American company, were negoti-
ation to sell oil to Cuba. Cuba
needs about 60,000 barrels of oil
daily.
May Slash
Sug 'ar Quota
WASHINGTON -P)-The House,
heeding Administration pleas for
fast action, last night voted the
President authority to slash Cuba's
sugar quotas.
The roll call vote was 394-0.
The action sent to the Senate
a bill extending the Sugar Act for
one year-to Dec. 31, 1961.
The House vote followed angry
denunciations of Castro-includ-
ing a demand by one member that
if necessary the United States oc-
cupy the Caribbean island.
Rep. L. Mendel Rivers (D-SC)
also called for immediate retalia-
tion for Cuban seizures of Ameri-
can holdings.
"We should impose immediate
strong sanctions on Castro," Riv-
ers shouted.
The Eisenhower Administration
asked authority to establish the
Cuban sugar quota for the bal-
ance of 1960 and for 1961 at such
levels as the President finds to be
in the national interest.
At present, the United States is
buying about 3112 million tons of
sugar a year from Cuba, one of
the world's major producers. This
is more than half the Cuban crop.

As New Vice-Presiden

Reestablishes Post
For Broader Duties
By MICHAEL BURNS
Lyle M. Nelson, former director
of University relations, has been
appointed to the reestablished
post of vice-president for Univer-
sity relations.
In stepping into the sixth vice-
presidency, Nelson leaves a title
which he has held since 1957.
University President Harlan
Hatcher, in announcing the ap-
pointment, said that the 'new po-
sition was given to Nelson "in
recognition of his outstanding
work" in broadening hNs duties
to include the Development Coun-
cil and the Alumni Association.
Niehuss Holds Post
The last person to hold the of-
fice which Nelson obtained was
Marvin L. Niehuss who became
vice-president and dean of facul-
ties in September, 1951. When
Niehuss left the job, he continued
with some of the duties and left
some to his former assistant Ar-
thur Branden, who later left the
University,
Nelson has gradually absorbed
all of the tasks for which Niehuss
was formerly responsible, as the
latter's other responsibilities in-
creased,
Completes Talks
President Hatcher said the an-
nouncement was made at this
time because he had just comn-

romotes
Head of 'U'

Relations

REP. QUENTIN BURDICK
. . . Dakota victor
votes-indicated no final verdict
could be made until the State
Canvassing Board runs an official
count. This must be within 20
days.
Late reporting returns from the
farm and ranch country, well-
spring of Burdick's strength,
buoyed the 52-year-old Fargo
lawyer as the counting went down
to the final precincts.
It was a spectacularly close
race in which Davis rolled into a
8,000 vote lead in the early city
tabulation and then lost it bit by
bit in the face of Burdick's stub-
born strength in the country.
Burdick caught up late Wednes-
day, nearly 24 hours after the
voting ended, and held on once
he got in front.
Burdick, a tall, muscular figure
who carried the legacy of a fa-
mous North Dakota political
name, only two years ago became
the first Democrat elected to the
House from North Dakota.

PROF. LOUISE CUYLER:
Political Milieu Limits Soviet Compo

Congo Gains Independence;
Lumumba- Attacks Belgians
LEOPOLDVILLE, Republic of Congo UP)-Premier Patrice Lum-
umba yesterday accused the Belgians of inflicting "atrocious suffer-
ings" on the Congolese people in their 80 years of rule over this
African la, d.
He delivered this parting shot at his former colonial masters as
they turned over the country to its new native leaders.
"We have known ironies and insults, the blows of which we have
had to submit morning, noon and night because we are Negroes,"
" Lumumba said at independence
ceremonies attended by his parlia-
mentary colleagues, assembled'
dignitaries of the church and dip-
erslomatic crps and King Baudouin
sers of Belgium.
Lumumba's words provided the
only acid in the otherwise friendly
speechmaking that inaugurated
the new republic.
A few hours later Lumumba, a
former postal clerk once jailed by
the Belgians on charges of inciting
a nationalist riot, almost reversed
himself. He expressed his govern-
ment's thanks to Baudouin and
"the noble Belgian people" for
their decision to free the Congo.
He paid the tribute during an
exchange of toasts with Baudouin
outside the still unfinished Palais
de la Nation (Parliament) build-
ing and asked for "long and dur-
able collaboration" with Belgium.
The indignant and startled re-
action among Belgian officials to
his morning speech may have had'
something to do with his milder

LYLE M. NELSON
-.- . new vice-president
pleted negotiations with Nelson
concerning the acceptance of the
position. President Hatcher re-
ceived authority at the last Re-
gents' meeting to approach Nelson
with the offer.
The new vice-president's tasks
will include continued supervision
of the University Relations Ser-
vices and work with the Develop-
ment Council and Alumni Associ-
ation. He will also serve as a gen-
eral assistant in the President's
office.
Nelson received his bachelor's
degree from the University of
Oregon in 1941. After working for
the United States Army Ordin-
ance Department and the Bureau
of Reclamation as an information
specialist until 1947, he returned
to the University of Oregon as
assistant to the president and as-
sociate professor of journalism.
He assumed the post of assis-
tant to the president of San
Francisco State College in Calif-
ornia in 1955, a position which he
held until the time of his appoint-
ment as public relations director
and professor of journalism at the
University.
Group Invites
Fall Speakers
At the first regular summer
meeting of the Challenge steering
committee, a tentative schedule of
fall lectures was established and
invitations were sent out to several
possible speakers.
Prof. Arthur Schlessinger, Jr.,
of the history department at Har-
vard University, will be asked to
give the initial talk covering the
broad aspects of civil liberties in
Sentember.

By CONNIE MAHONSKE
Russian musicians must express
themselves within the limits of
"socialist realism," Prof. Louise
E. Cuyler, chairman of the mu-
sicology department, said.
Prof. Cuyler, speaking yesterday
on "Russian Music Since World
War II," pointed out that the So-
viet government financially sup-
ports its artists. However, there
are strings attached to this sup-
port, she continued, since any
composition containing "bour-
geois" elements is severely con-
demned.
An historical example of this
anti-bourgeois attitude was the
Russian Association of Proletariat
Musicians (RAPM) formed in

Russian musicians must still
create in the service of the com-
munity, Prof. Cuyler said. She
quoted John Gunther as saying
this had made Russian music com-
monplace, and the taste of the
people "philistine and sentimen-
tal." Russian music has become
"something you can whistle,"
Gunther reportedly remarked.
Narrow Choice
Prof. Cuyler contends that the
Russian composer has only a few
choices of composition forms. He
may:
1) Write program music where
the text leaves no doubt as to his
political ideas. Prof. Cuyler cited
Shostakovitch's Symphony No. 10,

might well have died out in the
large conservatories.
4) Revert to the type of music
composed by Beethoven and Bach.
Artist Enviable
The position of the Soviet art-
ist is in one sense enviable, Prof.
Cuyler said. "If a young person
is talented, his future is secure."
No effort is made in the public
school to teach a program based
on the music - for - every - child -
philosophy. Musical instruction is
given to the gifted,
Prof. Cuyler pointed out that the
high performance of Russian art-
ists attests to the excellence of the
conservatory system, and that in
contrast to the United States, the
concerts are well attended even
by the poor.

y

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