Sege Page 2
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
LXX No. 258
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1960
)ust Russia Aide
w vase .w.
el . Name Idaho
Embassy Secretary Ezhov Obtained AsDi
Aerial Defense Base Photographs sDisaster
WASHINGTON (R-The United States yesterday expelled anther A id R egion
Soviet diplomat--the 12th in 10 years-on grounds he arranged for
aerial photographs of American cities and defense installations.
The State Department ordered the immediate departure of Petr Two Planes Fall
Y. Ezhov, Soviet Embassy Third Secretary because he "flagrantly Into Blaze, Four Die
abused his diplomatic status by engaging in espionage activity."
This development came on the first day in several that has not By The Assocated Press
brought strongly-worded United States protests against Soviet cold President Dwight D. Eisenhower
war maneuvers. yesterday proclaimed as a major
Ezhov, a smooth-talking press aide, arranged for an unidentified disaster area the sections of Idaho
pilot to photograph selected sites from a private plane. While under swept by fires.
close FBI surveillance, Ezhow paid The Summer White House has
more than $1,000, the department received reports that lightning has
said, to the pilot for the systemati- caused 92 fires that are blazing
L odg 11i al eria surey.over 12,700 acres of woods and
The Department would not idea- fields in the worst forest fires in
Dtify t e fyigparmentwouo de n 30 years for nine western states.
Soviet liesy he ying orPresidential Press Secretary said
name or nationality or say what he assumed there would be some
action, if any, is planned against allocation of money. The normal
O n Sh otin himprocedure is for the federal gov-
SAuthoritative informants said ement to assess the aid needed
most of the aerial photographs and then to appropriate funds for
UNITED NATIONS (A-United were taken along the East Coast- relief.
States Ambassador Henry Cabot some of them about the time Four Perish
Lodge yesterday accused the Soviet Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrush- Four airmen perished in two
Union of fabricating espionage chev was in this country on a blazing plane crashes while help-
charges in connection with the goodwill visit last September. ing thousands of ground fighters
ight of a United States recon- Photographs Forbidden control the inferno.
naissance plane shot down by Soviet diplomats are forbidden Tragedy befell two converted
Soviet fighters on July 1. to acquire such aerial photographs. 5 bombers-among many pour-
He denounced the charges as Regulations forbidding this actlv- ing fire-retarding borate solution
"an unconvincing though sinister ity went into effect five years ago just ahead of roaring flames. One
provocation." to retaliate for similar restrictions crashed in Eastern Oregon, the!
At a session of the UN Security against American diplomats in other in Southern California.
Council made dramatic by the Moscow. Highly trained United States
presence of the wives of two Air Forest Service experts sped by
Force men aboard the plane beign Ezhov apparently carried on op- plane from the eastern, southern
held as spies, Lodge made a per- erations of another Soviet diplo- and lake regions of the United
sonal appeal to Soviet Deputy For- mat, Vladimir F. Glnsky, an as- States to help direct weary ground
eign Minister Vasily V. Kuznetsov sistant embassy . naval attache, crews, some on the lines for a
for their prompt release. who organized the project several week.
Kuznetsov asked the Council to years ago. "These men are not just fire
approve a resolution condemning Glinsky left for Moscow, in- fighters but trained supervisory
the United States as an aggressor formants said, before his role in personnel, equivalent perhaps to
nation risking World War III by the espionage work was detected. platoon, company and division in-j
spy plane flights. But Ezhov, as his successor, was fantry officers," explained Bert
Asks Flight Ban carefully watched by FBI agents E. Holtby, Fire Chief of the For-
The resolution proposed also for months before enough evidence est Service's Eastern region at Up-
that the United States be directed was collected to crack down on per Darby, Pa.
to take immediate measures to him. Arson Possibility
end "provocative and aggressive Buys Lessons Spreading fires, many lighning-
flights" of its air force. He paid for flying lessons for a set, blackened some 200,000 acres
Lodge said he would reply in photographer involved in the work In California, Washington, Oregon,
detail to the Soviet charges when and hinted the Soviets would buy Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Utah,
he speaks before the Council at him his own plane so he could Wyoming and Arizona. In Idaho,
its next session on Monday. carry out further aerial recon- the FBI investigated the possi-
He said the Soviet Union was naissance. bility of arson.
guilty of a "criminal and piratical Photographs taken included More than 300 fires were battled
action" in shooting down the shots of United States Navy in- by 300 men in British Columbia.
RB47. He said the plane was at no stallations and what the depart- The worst was a 13,000-acre fire
time closer to Soviet territory than ment described as "other intelli- along Spius Creek.
30 miles. gence targets." Damage was in uncounted mil-
Then, in reference to Lts. Free- The department said it did not lions of dollars-more than 10
man B. Olmstead of Elmira, N.Y. anticipate that the Soviets would million dollars in Southern Cali-
and John R. McKone of Tongan- retailate for the expulsion by or- fornia alone.
oxie, Kan., being held on spy dering an American diplomat in 1,00 Routed
charges, he added: Moscow to leave. Seven United 1,000 Rout
"I again appeal to the Soviet States diplomats in the Soviet In Los Angeles County, Calif.s
Union to release these men capital have been expelled on spy fires routed some 1,000 persons
promptly. Until captured by the charges in the past 10 years. the flames have destroyed two
Soviet Union they had not entered Second Case score houses and cabins.
the territory of the Soviet Union Ezhov's case marks the second One of the converted B25 bomb-
or Soviet territorial waters." reported espionage operation car- ers carried two crewmen to their
Wives Present Tied on while Khrushchev was death today while helping fight a
Mrs. McKone, Mrs. Olmstead, touring coast-to-coast as Presi- four-day-old blaze o n M a g i c
and other relatives of the six air- dent Dwight D. Eisenhower's hon- Mountain 25 miles north of Los
men who were aboard the RB47 ored guest. Angeles.
were in the front two rows of the
spectators' gallery. Mrs. Henry
Cabot Lodge, wife of the-delegate
was with them. Rock fieer Chances Dim
"American airmen are being
sacrificed to the aggressive policyFJo
(of the United States) one after F or GOP VP Nomination
another," he said, "and when the
sponsors dothe teyflights tmtare i-caught
reds-handed fh a re caught CHICAGO ( )-Republicans bent on bestowing their presidential
play pharisaical concern for the nomination on Richard M. Nixon watched a titantic tussle over the
fate of these airmen, shedding GOP platform dim yesterday the chances of getting Nelson A. Rocke-
crocodile tears in that process." feller on the ticket with him.
Most diplomats felt that the The New York Governor blasted at long range at projected;
Soviet resolution would be de- platform planks on national defense, foreign policy and civil rights
feated. This has been the fate of as "still seriously lacking in strength and specifics." Nixon's press
* * *
$70 MILLION AGREEMENT:
Cuba, Red China Near Trade Pact
RED CARPET--Raul Castro, in the dark uniform, visited Moscow '
earlier this year when Cuba signed a trade agreement with Russia.
The Red China-Cuba pact is the second such agreement with
ANSWER RED INSULTS:
Kennedy, Harriman Meet
On National Defenses
HYANNIS PORT, Mass. (W)-Sen. John F. Kennedy and Averell
Harriman, a top adviser, yesterday discussed a huge new defense
spending program as a "jarring" foreign policy answer to the insults
of Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
Harriman, former ambassador to Russia and one-time governor
of New York, told reporters about it at a news conference after he
conferred with the Democratic presidential nominee for nearly two
thours. A newsman said there has
HAVANA OAP --Cuba and Red China appeared near agreement
yesterday on terms of a trade pact binding this island's economy more
firmly to the Communist bloc.
Moscow Radio was quoted by a Tokyo news agency as saying
Prime Minister Fidel Castro's government willsoon sign a $70 million
agreement to supply Communist China with sugar, nickel, and copper
in exchange for industrial products, agricultural machinery, textiles
No Press Mention
Government controlled newspapers here made no mention of any
progress on talks now going on between Chinese Vice-Minister of
Commerce Lu Shu Chang and s
MaJ. Ernesto Guevara, leftist pres-
ident of Cuba's National Bank.
But signing of the agreement ritain H it
could come at any time.
In recent trade deals the Castro B M i
government has adopted the M inister
Kremlin policy of maintaining
complete secrecy until the pacts R esignation
were signed. R~ gain
Experts said Cuba's main con-
tribution to the exchange of goods
would be a half-million tons of L O N D O N JP)-The surprise
sugar. Sale of this amount has resignation of a second minister
been projected for months. from the British government yes-
Plans Unclear terday guaranteed the biggest
How Cuba plans to fill nickel cabinet reshuffle since Prime Min-
orders was not as clear. ister Harold Macmillan took over
The only sources of any appreci- from Sir Anthony Eden in 1957.
able amounts of nickel in Cuba Health Minister Derek Walker-
are believed to be two American- Smith quit because, some associ-
owned plants. One, the Moa Bay ates reported, he failed to win
Company installation, whose op- promotion to a senior post. Walk-
erations require specialized refin- er-Smith, 50, has long been re-.
ing of its products outside Cuba, garded as one of the ablest of the
was shut down several months ago. conservative ministers and a fa-
The other is the Nicaro plant.
owned by the United States gov-
Negotiations to purchase they
Nicaro plant from the United
States collapsed earlier this month
when the Cuban government re-
portedly offered only token pay-
ment for the huge installation. Inj
order to export nickel to Red ': f5
China, Cuba would have to take s
over or purchase one or both of
Meanwhile, the Castro govern-
ment continued its takeover of
American property with the an-
nouncement that three mills of
the Cuban American Sugar Millf
Co. had been seized, along with
the company's Havana headquar-
ters. An intervention order signed
by Castro said the action was
taken "for the protection of work-
ers and the national industry." PRIME MINISTER MACMILLAN
The government also seized the . . . hit by resignation
Cuban-owend mill of the North
American Sugar Co. to "improve vorite of party rank and filers.
operations." His resignation takes effect Mon-
The pro-Castro press continued day
its anti-American campaign with Shake-Up Forced
an attack on United States Sec- The cabinet shake-up--expected
retary of State Christian A. Her- next week--has been forced on
ter. Macmillan by a decision of one
Revolucion said Herter lied of his senior colleagues to resign.
when he said he does not believe He is Chancellor of the Exchequer
the Cuban government is happy Derek Heathcoat Amory, who said
with Russia's pledges of military he has had enough of the bigtime
help. public service.
Patrice Lumumba turned yester-
day from his flirtation with the
Soviet Union and took'off for the
United States and Canada in
search of capital for the' Congo's
He said he wants to be friends
Lumumba abandoned his threat
to call in Russian soldiers to force
out Belgian troops. He told a news
conference in this UN-guarded
capital there is no longer any need
for Soviet military intervention.
UN Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskjold said in New York that
he would delay his plans to fly to
the troubled Congo to have talks
on the situation 'with Lumumba
The lanky, 34-year-old Congo-
lese leader, who only a few days
ago was calling Western nations
Imperialist and issuing ultimatums
to the United Nations, signed one
agreement with an American
financier for development of min-
eral and power resources of the
former colony Belgium freed June
At the same time, Lumumba held
out a hand to the Belgians.
He gave the Belgians credit for
helping to build the Congo and
said he considers them "ou'r
He insisted only that Belgian
troops evacuate the Congo, includ-
ing the treaty bases of Kamina
and Kitona, and that the Belgian
Ambassador Baron Jean Van Den-
bosche leave the country immedi-
ately. Lumumba said the ambassa-
dor, because of the reports he sent
back to Brussels. and Gen. Emile
Janssens, former commander of
the Congolese army, were the two
Belgians who damaged the Congo
"We have political independence
and now we need economic inde--
pendence," Lumumba said. We
need bread and happiness for our
"We want the assistance of all
the world, but we do not want
charity. We offer, to all those who
want to help us exploit the coun-
try, equitable remuneration en
their investment and all necessary
He expressed profound thanks
to the United Nations for its quick
action in the Congo, although the
Security Council set no deadline
in renewing Thursday night Its
call for the withdrawal of Belgian
troops. He had been threatein
to call in the Russians and soldiers
of the African-Asian bloc nations
if the Belgian units did not leave
ELIZABETHVILLE, Katanga (P
-Air-borne Belgian troops and
Congolese mutineers fought A
pitched battle near a Katanga,
mining center yesterday.
A Belgian spokesman said about:
16 Congolese were killed and many
wounded. The Belgian army gave
its casualties as two dead and six
wounded, but an army doctor said
ROME OP-) - Amintore Sanfani
was named Premier-designate last
night to head an all Christian
Democrat government which has
the pledged support of three
smaller center parties.
Fanfani, of the Christian Dem-
ocratic left wing, will replace
Premier Lernando Tambroni, who
held a stopgap government to-
gether for four months with un-
solicited and embarassing Fascist
Tambroni resigned last Tues-
day after two weeks of riots.
been reports that Kennedy would
ask for a "two billion dollar sup-
plemental appropriation" when
Congress reconvenes Aug. 8, then
asked Harriman whether he and
Kennedy had discussed anything
along that line.
"Yes, but you'll have to get that
from him," Harriman replied.
"I think it is one of the answers
to Khrushchev, who is insulting us
at every turn as a result of the
present administration's weak-
ness," he added.
"The appropriation would be for
specific things that need to be
done," Harriman said.
Harriman said President Dwight
D. Eisenhower now is taking a
firm stand on foreign policy, but
he said "he waited until we were
on the ropes."
similar Soviet resolutions presented
to other Council sessions dealing
with United States plane flights,
KATAMANDA, Nepal (A')-A ref-
ugee lama charged yesterday Red
Chinese have starved more than
1,000 lamas to death in a concen-
tration camp as an object lesson
in their campaign to quell all re-
sistance in Tibet.
Lamas are Buddhist monks held
in special regard in the mountain
kingdom because of their wisdom
Thundus Tembush, head lama at
Nyasyang Monastery, said the star-
vation occurred last winter at a
Chinese-run camp 60 miles north-
west of Lhasa, the capital.
Tembush gave newsmen this ac-
secretary said his chief believes
he can carry such Northern states
as New York and at the same time
break into the South, running on Celesti~al
a platform with an "honest" civil
The Nixon aide, Herbert Klein,
declined at a news conference to
go into any details regarding the
platform planks being put on
paper by subcommittees for the
Republican National Convention
opening Monday or to go into -y
what Nixon himself has recom-
Also at long range, Nixon still E' hy
was trying to mold the platform
toEach man, Rockefeller from New
York, Nixon from Washington,
was keeping a constant check on
how the writing of the platform
is getting along behind locked
Any prospects of persuading
Rockefeller to accept a call to
i - -
By ANDREW HAWLEY
As man has moved farther out into the universe in his study of
it, he has had to discard the old methods of measuring distances and
develop new ones, as Prof. Kenneth M. Yoss, visiting lecturer from
the astronomy department of Mt. Holyoke College, explained last
Prof. Yoss spoke at the visitor's night offered once a week during
the summer session by the astronomy department in Angell Hall.
"Two people standing on widely separate points on the earth
simultaneously observing the moon or the sun can theoretically
figure its distance from the difference between its apparent directions
from them," he said. "But the stars other than the sun are too far
away for the corresponding difference to be significant."
"However, using the diameter of the earth's ellipse, rather than
that of the earth itself, as a base line, we can calculate distances as
far as 25 trillion miles away."
Beyond that distance most indirect methods of measurement
must he emnnvr
Amory's departure carries in-
ternational implications because
it is known that Selwyn Lloyd,
who has been foreign secretary
since 1955, has been asked by
Macmillan to take over control of
Eyes Top Post
The ambitious Lloyd evidently
feels a term in charge of the na-
tion's finances will do no 'harm to
his chances ultimately of becom-
ing prime minister.
Latest candidate mentioned for
the Job of foreign secretary is the
Earl of Home, a cousin of Eden
and now commonwealth relations
Macmillan must be well aware,
however, that such an appoint-
ment would raise a parliamentary
storm becase, as a peer, Lord.
Home could not answer for Brit-
ish foreign policy in the House of