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July 21, 1960 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1960-07-21

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"Has There Been Any Pressure on You, Governor?"

Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
hen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevair" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBoR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff wrters
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

AY, JULY 21, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: ANDREW HAWLEY

Latent Religious Bigotry
Stifla Potent Force

I -j
t t
Y -

4

AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
'As You Like It'
Spirited Cmd
ANN ARBOR'S ever-Lchanging first lady, Lydia Mendelssohn, is this
week a multi-colored Forest of Arden peopled with royalty and
rustics, philosophers and fools, lords and lovers-all in the speech de-
partnient's production of "As You Like It."
But all is not so light and gay in the way Shakespeare intended.
For real enjoyment of "As You Like It" demands an attentiveness to
the spoken word hard to find among theatre audiences these days, and,
realizing this, director William P. Halstead has added a few uncon-
ventional sight gags, made some cuts, and allowed some of the players
to, reshape their characters into persons quite un-English.

RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY, a problem around
the world since men can remember, seems
far from disappearing, even-or especially-in
the United States.
A circuit court in Miami is currently hear-
ing two suits testing the constitutionality of
a Florida state law requiring daily Bible read-
ings in the public sclools. One of the snits
also seeks a ruling outlawing all school relig-
ious observances, including celebrations of
Christmas, Easter and the Jewish feast of
Hanukah.
A rash of new anti-semitic incidents, evoca-
tive of the latest World War, disturb European
and American cities, especially West Germany,
where a neo-Nazi-movement is reported gain-
ing popularity.
American politicians and other citizens
strain to neutralize or ignore anti-Catholic
sentiment as the Presidential election cam-
paign intensifies. "Religion," both parties de-
clare, "is not an issue;" but the men on the
street often nods in agreement that "a Cath-
olic will never win."
RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY has changed, though.
It has undergone approximately the same
transformation as movements or sentiments
supporting the advance of Communism. It has,
in general, gone underground.
Seldom, nowadays, will a man voluntarily
stand up in public and denounce the Jews, the
Catholics, or whatever' his personal prejudice
touches. Such behavior has, in this century,
become socially unacceptable, just as Commu-
nist sympathy is politically dangerous.
This is at the same time reassuring and
frightening. It would seem to be heartening,
for an opinion is usually hidden when it is
thought unpopular, or not held by the powerful
majority. And a minority attitude is simply
less effective than a popular one.
But on the other hand, secret prejudices are
harder to fight than public professions of
them, because they are harder to discover, and
because they are usually more strongly de-
fended.

The modern-day bigot knows he has lost the
support of political sanction and public opin-
ion. Therefore he is defensive about his views.
He cannot think rationally and dispassionately
about them, but, like a dog backed into a
corner, he merely defends himself desperately
against all attackers.
E CAUSES LEADING to an apparent less-
ening of sharp religious differences are, of
course, too complicated to be easily grasped
or explained. But one might advance the no-
tion that most of these causes are of a prag-
matic nature; that is, it has been found un-
profitable and inconvenient to conduct social
and business intercourses on the basis of re-
ligious differences. This hypothetical motiva-
tion differs meaningfully from one based on
intellectual and conscientious conclusion, care-
fully arrived at.
For instance: The Associated Press reports
that Dayton (Tenn.) "plans to cash in" on
the Scopes Monkey Trial as it did 35 years
ago with John T. Scopes in his first visit since
1925. The concept of "cashing in" on this im-
portant historical landmark in the constant
struggle for intelligent religious tolerance, like
that of selling tickets to Gettysburg or Gethse-
mane, is not in itself ominous, though it may
seem frivolous. But it symbolizes the deceptive
quality of what some have confidently called
the country's "new attitude toward religion."
In short, men such as the principal of the
Miami high school in question, who insists he
has ordered a guard against "sectarianism" in
his school, are probably acting in the interests
of an orderly schoolroom, or an orderly com-
munity, rather than in response to conscien-
tious conviction.
Such a foundation for sound religious think-
ing in this country may turn out to be mostly
sand at a time when we are least prepared to
deal with a sudden outbreak of anti-religious
feeling in one form or another. Increasing
international and national tensions remind
one of stories of anti-German and anti-Jap-
anese action, both official and popular, within
the last 20 years,
-ANDREW HAWLEY

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
A Positive Cuban Policy

Thus Anne Gee (as Rosalind)
in voice, movement and manner,z
American college women than
English maidens, albeit of royal
birth. Similarly, David Burr (as
Touchstone) may not know the
place of a fool, even in forest so-
ciety, but everyone else should.
MORE IMPORTANT, the cast
in general does not have the com-
mand of the language it could
have. Touchstone, the fool or
clown, relies on verbal points and
thrusts, while Burr is more con-
cerned with inflecting and pitch-
ing sound rather than sense.
As Orlando, Marlowe Tieg, too,
has difficulty showing that he
really understands all he has to
say; like the rest of the cast, he
makes up for it by giving a spirited
performance never at a loss for
movement and bounce.
Most successful of all is Howard
Green (as Jaques), who, though
perhaps not so melancholy as he
might be, is nevertheless well in
command of a role that could
easily be less effective by half in
other hands. Homer Story is a
wise and mellowed Duke.
As rustics, Joan Martin, Eliza-
beth Robertson, George Bedard,
LeVern Stillwell and James Young
provide many amusing moments.
Duke Frederick, played by Harvey
Poirier, has difficulty making him-
self understood.
In other character roles, Russell
Brown is a loud but competent
Oliver, George Bedard is an amus-
ing yet harmless fop, and Tieg
and David Bortman stage a rather
exciting wrestling match.
* * *
A STORY of love in the woods
concluding with no less than four
weddings, "As You Like It" is
spiced with melancholy and song-
indeed, the songs are among
Shakespeare's finest.
Norman Bradley, as Amiens,
does most of the singing, but in
a deep, muted voice that swallows
the words. The final "It was a
lover, and his lass" receives the
most spirited treatment, from the
cast at large. Paul Miller's mu-
sical direction is also somewhat
effective.
The drapery that serves as
scenic decoration is much too
heavy for the play and, in spite
of its mobility, helps only to weigh
down the action. Still more ob-
jectionable, some will say, are the
animated trees and bushes-par-
ticularly when they draw atten-
tion away from what is being said.
If not always in the best in-
terests of Shakespeare, this sum-
mer's "As You Like It" is a spirit-
ed production certainly in keep-
ing with the current annual "Bar-
gain Days" circus atmosphere.
--Vernon Nahrgang

and Sherry, Lewin (as Celia) seem,
much more like two man-hunting
OFFICIAL
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility, Notice should
be sent in TYPgWRITTE]Vform to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. two days preced-
ing publication.
THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 228
General Notices
French Film: "Le Plaisir," a film ad-
aptation of three stories by Guy de
Maupassant starring Jean Gabin and
Danielle Darrieux will be shown on
Thurs., July 21 at 7 p.m. In the Multi-
Purpose Room, Undergraduate Library.
Tonight: 8:00 p.m.hLydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, William Shakespeare's "As
You Like ;it." Tickets available at box
office 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. for this produc-
tion and productions of "Picnic," by
William Inge (July 27-30) and of "Don
Giovanni," by Mozart (Aug. 3-6).
Astronomy Department visitors' night.
Fri., July 22, 8:30 p.m., Room 2003 An-
gell Hall. Dr. Kenneth Yoss, Mt. Holy-
oke College, will speak on "The bis-
tances to Stars." After the lecture the
Student Observatory on the fifth floor,
Angell Hall will be open for inspection
and observation of Jupiter, Saturn,
Double Star, and Hercules cluster. Chil-
dren welcomed but must be accompan-
ied by adults.
Classical Studies Coffee Hour: Thurs.,
July 21, West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building, 4 p.m. All students and
friends of the Classics are cordially in-
vited.
Concerts
Summer Session Banw: The Uni-
versity of Michigan Summer Session
Band and All State High School Wind
Percussion Ensemble will present a
combined outdoor concert on Thurs.,
July 21, at 7:15 p.m. on the Diagonal
near Haven Hall. Included on the pro-
gram will be solos performed by James
Douglas, trumpet, and Donald Sinta,
saxophone. Ouen to the public.,
Student Recital postponed: The re-
cital scheduled by Donald Sandford,
violist, for Thurs., July 21, at 4:15.p.m.
in Rackham Assembly Hall has been
postponed until Aug. 5, at 4:15 p.m.
Placement Notices
City of Grand Rapids, Mich. Person-
nel administrator and manager. Grad
in public admin.,, or business admin..
engineering, psych or statistics. Experi-
ence inl personnel work,
University of North Carolina, Wo-
man's College, Greensboro. Asistant Di-
rector, Food Service, woman, top su-
pervisory experience required.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 4021 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 3371.
36CBan3 hmc.ar

MAX LE RMER=
Smartness- or Wisdom

By WALTER LIPPMANN
CUBA IS AN immediate case
where the national interest
requires a basic understanding
between Administration and Sen.
Kennedy.
Our greatest danger is that we
may allow ourselves to be pro-
voked by the tirades and the in-
trigues and the confiscations of
Castro and by the propaganda of
the Soviet Union, provoked into
acts of reprisal and intervention.
Ml own view is that Mr. K. is
hoping to provoke us to intervene,
believing with good reason that
this, like the British-French in-
tervention against Nasser at Suez,
would arouse Latin and world
opinion against us.
Refusing to be provoked is, of
course, not in itself a policy. But
it is the essential preliminary to
a policy. For if we intervene, we
shall turn what is a difficult prob-
lem of dealing with Castro into
a general diplomatic disaster
throughout the hemisphere. It
will be easier to refuse to be pro-
voked if the Democratic candi-
date support the refusal.
* * *
TO WORK OUT a possitive
policy is not easy. For Castro's
revolution, unlike the Mexican
revolution some forty years ago,
is taking place in an era when so
much of the world is ruled by the
powerful revolutionary govern-
ments of Russia and China, when

in so many countries in Asia and
in Africa there are revolutions
very much like the Cuban revolu-
tion.
For the United States the prob-
lem is how to deal with a revolu-
tionary movement which cannot
be isolated inside the island of
Cuba.
In forming a policy we shall
have to face hard disagreeable
facts. The first is that we no
longer have, as we had earlier in
this century, the power to inter-
vene whenever and wherever our
interests were affected. Since the
second World War ended, we have
surrendered this unilateral power
to the collective power of the
other American states.
The second fact is that while
the American states agreed at
Caracas in 1954 to oppose "the
domination or control of the polit-
ical institutions of any American
state by the international Com-
munist movement," all that these
governments are pledged to do is
to "call a consultative meeting to
consider the adoption of meas-
ures." This means that we cannot
be sure that the other American
states will agree that Castro's
Cuba is a Soviet satellite.
* * *
THE FACT IS that the pros-
pects are poor of our being able to
rally the American states for ac-
tion against Castro. These states
fear our intervention, which has

NEW YORK-For weeks I have been drown-
ing in a sea of talk about srnart politics
and smart politicians, and so have you.
Let's make an end of it. Most of the political
smartness I have witnessed has usually out-
smarted itself in the end. In the governing and
self-governing of men, smartness is a terribly
transitory thing. It is wisdom that counts.
Take the spisode of the intelligence liaison
between the Administration and the new can-
didates, which turned into a contest of smart-
ness on both sides. After the Johnson nomi-
nation Kennedy was so anxious to appease the
liberals that he couldn't wait for the Eisen-
hower offer to be made formally. Jumping the
gun, he picked Stevenson and Bowles as his
liaison with the CIA briefers. Hagerty (with
Nixon doubtless behind him) was also terribly
smart, seeing no reason why Eisenhower should
help Kennedy in the hotbox his convention
smartness had created, and turned his face
stonily against any liaison men. Outcome: no
hits, no runs, no assists.
But Kennedy's problem is still there: what
to do about the millions of Democrats and in-
dependents for whom Stevenson was a symbol
and Kennedy is not. The politicians who had
written Stevenson off beforehand (including
Stevenson himself) were not so terribly smart
after all. My experience is that the political
pros are the last men in the world to known
what the seething, if silent, forces are in a
convention, just as they are the last to know
what are the fears and tumults in the human
heart. Like all journeymen technicians, they
only know how to count, weigh, and balance,
but they are dumb about intangibles. There
isn't one of them to whom I would tip my hat
when it comes to intangibles, yet is always on
intangibles that elections-like battles and
wars-are won and lost.
A LL THIS IS BY WAY of introduction to
the assembling of the Republican clans at
Chicago.
Nixon has for years been hailed as the
kleagle of the clan of smart politicians, long
before Kennedy came to join him in that role.
When Nelson Rockefeller made a bid for recog-
Editorial Staff
KATHLEEN MOORE, Editor
MICHAEL BURNS ......................Night Editor
ANDREW HAWLEY................... Night Editor

nition as a Republican candidate, in his swing
across the continent, Nixon and Leonard Hall
had him smothered in a blanket of hostility
in every state in which he turned up.
The Democrats had a host of Presidential
catndidates, even if only one was dominant.
The Nixon forces didn't dare let Rockefeller's
campaign even reach the convention floor,
with some equal chance to make a fight of it.
From Nixon's standpoint this made sense.
From the standpoint of the Republican Party
and its political fortunes it may prove disas-
trous.
The Democrats have left themselves wide
open and vulnerable to the right kind of Re-
publican attack. But it should be clear to any
detached observer that Nixon, with all his
political smartness, will be the wrong man to
exploit these weaknesses.
THE NOMINATION OF Kennedy and the
acceptance of the most liberal platform the
Democrats have ever framed sets the problem
for the Republicans: how can they get a candi-
date and platform which can meet this chal-
lenge and make inroads into the labor, liberal,
and Negro voting groups which are normally
Democratic? The Democratic choice of John-
son for second place, and the disgruntlement
of the Stevenson wing of the party, give the
Republicans an opening to exploit. Kennedy's
youth gives them another opening.
I wonder whether the Republican strategy
group, made up of their smartest politicians,
knows these rather obvious facts. Do they
know that Rockefeller, in his persistent and
continuous advocacy of a fighting liberal plat-
form, is the only Republican who could nullify
the impact of the Democratic platform?
Do they know that those who consider Ken-
nedy too young would scarcely be set afire by
Nixon on this score, but would feel confidence
in Rockefeller's maturity? Do they know finally
that the current Castro crisis, involving our
relations with the whole of Latin America,
deeply involves Nixon in the Administration's
failures, but that Rockefeller's wide and deep
knowledge of Latin America would win him
support?
SUPPOSE IT IS foolish and futile even to
ask these questions. The answer to all of
them is that whether the Republican strate-
gists know these facts or not, their minds are
made up and will not change. Long ago they
decided that Nixon was their man-that he is
a smart politician, that he knows how to
handle himself in the clinches, that they can

happened so many times, more
than they fear Russia's interven-
tion, which as yet is only talk.
Our American neighbors will think
long and hard before they take
any action which could be con-
strued as a collective Latin Ameri-
can license for intervention by
the United States.
It follows that we shall have to
live with the Cuban revolution,
just as Britain has had to live
with the revolutions in Egypt and
Iraq. When the old order changes,
when, the. old. preferences and
privileges are thrown down, there
is no future in the support of
counter-revolution.
Indeed, the more we allow our-
selves to be jockeyed into the po-
sition of being a great counter-
revolutionary power, the more will
sympathy with Castro grow in
this hemisphere, and along with
it a willingness to do business with
the Russians in order to check
and balance us.
* * *
IF THESE ARE the things we
cannot do, what, if anything, is
there that we can do? At bottom
everything depends, I would say,
on whether we can make friends
with the intellectual leaders of
the American states, and through
them with the masses who follow
them. That friendship cannot, we
may be sure, be bought. It cannot
be bought however desirable and
necessary it is that we do much
more to see that the development
of Latin America is adequately
financed.
The friendship of our neighbors
can be had when they feel that
there is equality between them
and us. But what can produce this
sense of equality? We cannot
soon be equally rich, or equally
strong, or equally influential in
the world. The sense of equality
which can breed friendship will
come when we dispel the notion
that our neighbors are underde-
veloped and struggling while we
are developed and are a virtually
perfected model of a free society.
If this country becomes again
the scene of a movement to im-
prove and reform and develop it-
self, we shall again win friends
abroad and influence them.
It is no accident but the very
nature of human affairs that in
the times when we have been most
liked and respected abroad, as
under the two Roosevelts and
Wilson, we were the least smug
about our own affairs and the
least satisfied with ourselves.
(c) 1960 New York Herald Tribune, Inc.

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Russia's Congo Offer
Keeps Pot Boiling

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE SOVIET UNION cannot
possibly believe that she will
advance the cause of peace in Af-
rica and stability in the Congo by
putting troops in there unilateral-
ly alongside the duly designated
forces of the United Nations.
Her encouragement of elements
which are trying to throw out the
Belgains, therefore, must be as-
sessed as a deliberate effort to
keep the plot boiling in the hope
that neo-Communism can be en-
couraged.
The United States had first of-
fer of an opportunity to send
troops unilaterally, but quickly
declined. Once in, she would have'
been immediately presented with
the dilemma of trying to choose
sides in an inchoate situation
where there are many sides, and
where civil con/ict in a wholly
primitive political setting is a
long-term prospect,
* * *
THE UNITED NATIONS quick-
ly recognized that it was best to
keep the big powers out, and to
get Belgium out, The only stabil-
izing power which could expect to
be accepted by any considerable
number of Congolese factions was
anti-colonial power.

drawal once his troops have estab-
lished security in the country.
The Congolese, those who can
read, are far away in both history
and space from the Russian-oc-
cupied countries where similar
promises were made.
(The Congolese minister of in-
formation told an American re-
porter he had qualified himself
for the job, before independence,
with a correspondence course in
journalism - which p r o b a bly
makes him one of the best quali-
fied of Congolese officials.)
So far, the odds seem to be that
Russia is using a stirrer rather
than a pistol, If she isn't, then
other people will have to pick up
pistols too.

-Daily-Alan Winder

AT THE CAMPUS:
Rub-A13ubb,

~Three Men in a Tub'

political affairs to promise with-
"1J1REE MEN In A Boat" leads
off a program that is com-
posed of pure fluff, spiced in the
second offering with a little, un-
fortunately very little, philosophy
in "The Captain From Koepenik."

result is a fluffy' souffle a l'an-
glaise that never, well hardly
ever, reaches the American horror
of the Three Stooges.
* * *
LAURENCE HARVEY, the only
familiar person in the film, has

great philosophical
didn't. Or at least not7
* * *

content. I
that much.

THE MAJOR premise seems to
be that the uniform is the man.
This is fine and true, and they say
it at least seven times.,
Tn Tm .nr4 nl '12 r1-n if. CPnC'

NOT REALLY funny, but warm,
poignant human comedy. This is
even worse. The French can do it,
even Laurence Harvey does it, and
it keeps that lemon sting that is
its one salvation, But the Germans
make it all beer and pretzels, and
fis nr 'frnl it falh, hbetween the

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