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July 20, 1962 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1962-07-20

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r'

Seventy-Second Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY oP MICHIGAN

UNDER AUTHORITY OP BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where OpinIos Are 2mSTUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN A"'oR, MIcH. Phone NO 2-3 241
Truth Will Prevail'"

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Asks A liternative Solution
To Arab-Israel Dispute
THE MIDDLE EAST still remains that part of the world least under-
stood by your editors. If "the governments of Israel and Jordan have
established a joint border committee" it no more means that the door
has been opened to -future cooperation between the two countries than
the signing of a border protocol between East and West Germany means
that the door of mutual cooperation has been opened before them.
Indeed, spokesmen -from the two governments have been sitting
together on the mixed-armistice commissions for years with no impli-

torials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mnust be noted in all reprints.

Stratfordian Gondoliers'

DAY, JULY 20, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SUTIN

The Supreme Court's
Apportionment Decision'

Justified'.*.

YESTERDAY the state Supreme Court pulled
off a coup. Unlike the military takeover in
Ieru several hours earlier, this action was de-
Ysigned to further democracy and eliminate an
injustice in the state's government.
In its decision on Scholle vs. Hare, the court
voided an unrepresentative body - the state
Senate-which had been obstructing the wishes
of the majority of the state's residents and had
by negative action unfairly ruled the state by
veto.
THE COURT eliminated this inequity yester-
day, but at the same time gave the Senate a
chance until Aug. 20 to apportion itself fairly.
If the Senate failed to meet the court's deci-
sion, then all senators would have to run at
large.
However, the court in its zeal to eliminate
legislative inequity created needless chaos and
confusion. It did not give the Legislature
enpugh timne to reapportion,, nor did it give
the secretary of state's office oi the county,
township or city. clerks' enbugh time to con-
duct an election efficiently and still meet legal
requirements.
The Legislaturd must weigh carefully the im-
plications, of the six opinions written by the
Supreme Court justices. Then it must devise
a fair scheme of apportionment that will in-
sure continued equity and not freeze new mal-
adjustments into the Senate.
'rfHITY-TWO days will not be enough time
for thorough and careful consideration of
the issues nor will it be sufficient time for
~:l eqtion officials to' carry out the filing and
balloting procedures of the election laws.
So far the Republican party has taken a
blind, mypic view of the court's decision, ig-
noring the possibility that a population based
Senate may still keep them in power, although
it may change its base from safe, conservative.
districW to the less stale, moderate districts
or suburban Detroit.
If 240,000 is considered the median size for
districts, then fast-growing Oakland County
with 690,000 constituents would get three dis
tricts which 'would likely fall to the GOP if
current ,trends continue. The Democrats would
lose two districts in the Upper Peninsula under
this scheme as the underpopulated seats would
be 'cosolidated and the UP's emerging Repub-
lican majority would take the new district.
HUS'the Republicans only have to fear the
fresh breeze of change that reapportion-
mnent may bring to the Senate. They may lose
some rural areas through consolidation of dis-
tricts, but suburban Detroit support should re-
tain them in powei by a slim margin.,
However, the crux of reapportionment will
not be the number of' representatives, but
their quality. If the new districting brings
more partisan hacks to the Senate, then its
cause was lost in fulfillment. If it brings new,
capable and intelligent legislators, then reap-
portionment will be doubly rewarding. It is
now up to the parties to use the opportunity of
reapportionment, not for partisan squabbling
that seems inevitable, but for diligent search-
ing to improve the quality of the Senate.
-PHILIP SUTIN
v r
Shortsightedness
T HE SENATE'S decision to permit President
Kennedy to spend foreign aid funds on
Communist countries will give the President a-'
lot of needed leeway, in his (very necessary)
efforts to keep Yugoslavia and even Poland
less dependent on the Soviet Union.
From the win-the-cold-war point of view,
the action was wise. It's a shame, though, that
the Senate is threatening to cut the amount of
"regular" foreign aid funds requested for this
year. ,
Foreign aid isn't for discrediting Commun-
ism or spreading democracy - that is the job
of propaganda or, more hopefully, education.
It should be for lowering the world's poverty,
not because our "pitch" must be materialistic,
but because a freedom from. hunger is a pre-
requisite for the kind of world favorable to our
institutions and ideas of individual liberty.
So it would be encouraging if the Senate
would recognize later this week that foreign

aid as a political weapon should be kept in
the background, and made a subplot and not
the basic tenet in the foreign ,aid program.
-P. STEINBERGER

Unjustified.
I T IS REALLY frightening to observe how
quickly the Big Labor-Democrat coalition
will strangle traditional American liberty when
it doesn't suit them. Last Wednesday they com-
pelled their four stooges on the state Supreme
Court to upset a perfectly fair and constitu-
tional election of state Senate members, sched-
uled for Aug. 7.
The court decided, along party lines, that
the apportionment of the GOP controlled state
Senate was unconstitutional, even though the
constitution clearly sets forth that only the
House of Representatives shall be subject to
periodic apportionment. The districts of the
senate were frozen by the people of Michigan
in 1952 through a statewide referendum. At
that time, the people approved the present ap-
portionment, and only they can change it.
But the little matter of constitutional law,
or the fact that nearly 'every state since its en-
trance in the union has had apportionment
similar to Michigan's - none of this precedent
swayed the pro-Labor majority on the high
court.
SO NOW the Legislature must reapportion the
Senate by Aug. 20, which means that the
scheduled primary for Senate seats is called
off. The result is that the state will be put to
the expense of a special primary just to fill
the Senate seats. It's perfectly ridiculous, and
the cost, to Michigan which is mired in debt,
should be prohibitive to any butthe Big Labor
spenders.
In addition, the situation has so confused
the average voter, who was perfectly satisfied
and quite ready to vote on Aug. 7, that it will
hurt the entire election turnout in August.
The question becomes: What is the hurry?
And the answer: Big Labor is scared - scared
that the Republicans will win - win big -
in November, just as they did in the constitu-
tional convention elections. This decision is
Big Labor's last desperate attempt to preserve,
by any fraud possible, the shaky foundation of
their crumbling empire.
BUT IT won't wrk. The' decision that the
high court has handed down is clearly with-
out its power. It has no right to call off the
scheduled primary, now less than two weeks
away. And it has no right to violate the ap-
portionment, of the state Senate, which can
only be alter ed by a vote of the people.
The course for Michigan's citizenry should
be clear. Such irresponsibility must not be tol-
erated on the high court. Justices must not be
allowed to concur with AFL-CIO President
August Scholle, who brought this suit in the
first place only to satisfy a personal vendetta
against the Senate.
The voters of Michigan must rise to the oc-
casion and recall all four justices who voted
in favor of this fiasco; a constitutional amend-
ment must be submitted to referendum, clearly
prohibiting the courts to interfere in the appor-
tionment of the Senate; the Legislature, at its
session next week, must direct the county clerks
and the state board of canvassers to ignore this
Supreme Court decision and proceed with the
primary as planned.
pI E PRESENT apportionment of the Senate
must be allowed to continue for two more
years, and during that time a referendum must
be submitted to the people to discover whether
or not they wish this apportionment retained.
But according to Michigan's constitution, it is
up to them and not the pro-Labor high court.
This maneuver is clearly a power grab by
Big Labor. They already control two branches
of the state government - executive and ju-
dicial, and they are bent on controlling the;
third - the legislative. But the people will not
stand for this greed and lust for power. So they'
must be given a chance to make their objec-
tions heard. Only by taking the time to settle
this matter properly will justice truly be served.
The hurry-job the high court has ordered is
neither fair to the voters nor good fpr the state.
It can only lead to confusion - confusion Big
Labor hopes to use to its own advantage.
Hopefully the Legislature will fight this de-
cision, and hopefully the people will have the

good sense to ignore it, just as one ignores the
temper tantrums of a spoiled child.
This is the beginning of the end for Big
Labor's control of Michigan and this decision
only signifies they will die hard. It has no
more significance than that.
--MICHAEL HARRAH
City Editor

cation that the Arab parties rec-
ognized Israel's legitimacy.
What were the indications that'
"in the past . .. some of the Arab
states..(were) willing to break
the Israel boycott . . . (but for)
pressure from Egypt through the
Arab League?" Initially Egypt was
the least concerned with Israel.
Lebanon, where Israel is the least
emotional problem, feels that it
has profited the most from boy-,
cott of a potential economic rival.
Jordan, statistically, has shown
the greatest concern over Israel's
presence.
BORDER incidents have not
been "increasingly frequent in the
last few years!"
If Israel has the gall to com-
plain about difficulty of access to
Mt. Scopus, if she considers this
bit of property so }precious, then I
suggest that she swap guarantees
to its access from the Arabs in re-
turn for the property and land
seized from the near-million Arab
refugees who fled in the 1947 wary!
Does Iraq appear today to be
under Communist influence, or is
it that Kassem is still successfully
playing them off against the Na-
tionalists?
* * *
THE ONLY statement of insight
I could discover in the editorial,
was the sorry plight of the Arab
League. But again, I must point
out that this is nothing new, that
there is no new reason why the
Arabs in or out of the League'
should be more disposed to deal
with Israel today, than they were
yesterday.
Only by recognizing the acute
and persevering severity of the
Arab-Israeli dispute can we base
our hopes on realistic grounds and
our suggestions on a practical
level.
We Arabs want a lasting peace
in our area just as much as the
world citizen wants it between the
Great Powers; but like everybody
else we want negotiation from
strength, and on a base that we
feel will protect our interests. The
Arabs will negotiate with Israel
only when strength and prosperity
denudes us of our inferiority com-
plexes.;
-Anthony Shebaya, Grad...
Democacy
OTH houses of a state legis-
Blature can be based on popula-
tion without surrendering the pos-
itive values of a bicameral system
with its checks and balances.
These virtues can be preserved by
making one house more numerous
and the other less; by electing
men to one house from smaller,
perhaps more homogeneous dis-
tricts, while electing men to the
other house from large, more het-
erogeneous districts, by electing
one house for two years and the
other for six years, with a full
turn-over periodically in one and
a partial turn-over in the other.
'Our legislatures can be bicameral
without being bimoral.
-Gus Tyler
The New Republic

AT RACKHAM:'
.'Ad Mirable'
Concert
LAST NIGHT at Rackham Lee-
ture Hall, a small string or-
chestra, consisting of the Stanley
Quartet plus eleven, presented a
concert of music from two cen-
turies.
There were seven violinists, two
viols, two 'cellos, and two double
bass in the orchestra. There was
also a harpsichord and timpani.
It was presented as part of the
music school's creative string
teaching conference, which will
end today.
Of the 18th-century works, the
performers displayed an appro-
priate clarity in dynamics which
heightened the enjoyment of Han-
del's Concerto Grosso in B minor
considerably. The Stanley Quartet
was effective as the concertino
(the solo group which contrasts
with the larger ensemble).
(The second movement, "Lar-
ghetto e piano," turned out to be
a piece available to organists in
transcription, and highly prefer-
able to the usual "Here Comes the
Bride" for wedding processionals.)
* * *
MOZART composed his diverti-
ment as "music not to be listened
to" at social gatherings of his
time -- an 18th-century "Muzak."
He failed, however, in a sense, be-
cause he could not help producing
masterpieces, to be listened to.
The performance' ofhis Diverti-
mento in F major proved it.
1ozart's "Serenata Notturna"
in D ,major showed his humorous
side. It also had a concertino, but
with double bass substituting for
the cello. A surprising (in this
case, slightly out-of-tune) tim-
pani provided punctuation.
20th-century works began after
intermission with "Elegy" by El-
liott Carter, of Yale. It is the tra-
dition of Barber's popular "Adagio
for Strings," more advanced in
idiom, and just as attractive.
* * *
ERNST KRENEK, now a "ser-
ial" composer, was represented by
"Sieben leichte 'Stuecke"
("Stueke" on the program), a
work which displayed 19th-cen-
tury roots.
Even though the orchestra left
out its first movement, Stravin-
sky's Concerto in D, written in
1946, showed the composer's in-
debtedness to the 18th century in
harmony and form,' as well as
Prokofiev-like key changes in the
second movement.
This reviewer feels remorse that
the concert wasn't better attended.
Guest conductor Roland Johnson
was largely responsible for its suc-
cess. He revealed firm control, an
admirable economy of motion, and
a sure sense of style.
-Bunker Clark

Special To The Daily
STRATFORD-ON-AVON, On-
tario-The Gondoliers, the
third of the Gilbert and Sulli-
van operettas to be presented
at the Stratford Festival, con-
tinued a line of successful pro-
ductions. The improbable plot
-typical of Gilbert and Sulli-
van - with hidden identities
and baby switching, allows am-
ple opportunity for satire and
wit.
The two gondoliers, though
republican and egalitarian in
their professed convictions, are
nevertheless intensely involved
in a mystery concerning which
one of them is the heir to the
throne of Barataria. Mean-
while, they jointly decree that
everyone in the kingdom is
equal - the lord high cook, the
lord high servants, and the lord
high chamber maids.
In the end, of course, neither
of the gondoliers turns out to
be the actual king - it is the
drummer boy, the secret lover
of the lovely heroine, that is
the rightful king. Typical of
G & S romantic heroes, he is
colorless, slightly dull, and his
arias are saccharine.
* * *
ALSO typical of G & S oper-
ettas, the heroine is a blushing
beautiful damsel; though will-
ing to marry a stranger accord-
ing to her parents' machina-
tions, she knows, with unerring
certainty, that true love will
eventually prevail.
Ilona Kombrink as Casilda,
the heroine, is without doubt
the ideal choice for the part.
She is extraordinarily beautiful
and radiates innocent beauty
and warmth. Fortunately her
beauty is equalled by her tal-
ent as a singer. Although her
role is not a major one, she is
the one who stars in the pro-
duction. When she is on stage,
she commands attention from
all, and her singing excels any-
one else's in the cast.

'THE GONDOLIERS' - Jack Creley (left) as the Duke of
Plaza-Toro, Ann Casson (center) as the Duchess of Plaza-Toro
and Ilona Kombrink as Casilda star in the Stratford production
of this delightful Gilbert and Sullivan operetta.

This is not to say, however,
that other performances were
in any way inadequate. Perhaps
most notable were the charac-
ter leads, the Duke and Duch-
ess of Plaza-Toro. The duchess,
a fragile looking grand lady of
the impoverished aristocracy, is
a fitting companion of her hus-
band in his con game of turn-
ing the aristocratic septiments
and pretensions of others to his
own business profit. The Duke,
played by Jack Creley is ami-
ably unscrupulous in his efforts
to bring about the marriage of
his daughter to the. unknown
king of Barataria. The role of
the Duke typifies the G & S
"villain"; a charming charac-
ter on whom the authors lavish
choicest tidbits of satire and
the greatest opportunity for
scene-stealing. r

ANOTHER notable perform-
ance was that of Douglas
Campbell as Don Alhambra del
Bolero, the Inquisitor. Dressed
in black and appearing to exude
clerical censure, he turns out
to be an opportunistic Jesuit
with an eye-winking tolerance
and ability to adjust to the
shifting sands of the improb-
able plot.
The success of the production
does not rest solely with the
leading players. The colorful
sets, the lively chorus and the
exuberant dancing scenes in the
palace all materially contribute
to a very absorbing and delight-
ful performance. The enthusi-
asm of the performers easily
communicates to the audience.
the sheer fun it must be to par-
ticipate in such a superb pro-
duction of Gilbert and Sullivan.
--Charlotte Davis
-Stanislav Kasl

E'

i

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
┬░Optional' Reforms Bypassed

By WALTER LIPPMANN,
THE DEFEAT of medical care,.
which has come as the climax
of a series of defeats, is bound
to cause the President to reap-
praise his relations with Congress.
What can he and what can't he
induce Congress to do?
If we study the record, the an-
swer is, I think, that in the kind
of Congress we now have it is not
possible to get reform and innova-
tion just because they appear to
be desirable and in the public in-
terest. They will be blocked,
chewed up in committee, or re-
jected by majorities which are
easily swayed by an' organized op-
position.
The fatal weakness of reform
and innovation is that there is no
compulsion behind them. They.
nay be very desirable, but they are
not absolutely necessary. Even if
the country would be better off
with them, it can rock along with-
out them.
ON THE other hand, this same
Congress has followed the Presi-
dent in the field of defense and
foreign policy. There has been no
trouble about the enlarged ap-
propriations for the armed forces.

The Congress has voted for the
radical trade expansion bill. With,
only a few eccentric quirks it has
voted for the foreign aid bill.
This bears directly on the de-
cision which the President must
soon make about tax reduction on
the one hand and on the other tax
reform to close loopholes. In view
of the stagnant condition of the
economy and the prospect of re-
cession, tax reduction has become
a necessity. The facts of the sit-
uation, not something dreamed up
within the Administration, are
pushing for a quick and very sub-
stantial tax cut. It is not merely
something which would beddesir-,
able and pleasant. Tax reduction
is something which we must have
if we are to avoid very serious con-
sequences not only to business and
employment and to our standard
of life but also to our position in
the world.
Tax reform to close up the loop-f
holes and reduce the inequities is
in principle highly desirable. But
look at what a hash Sen. Byrd's
committee is making of the cur-
rent tax reform bill. The fact is
that no matter how desirable the
key committees, those of Rep.
Mills and Sen.: Byrd, will almost
certainly take a year to agree on,
any kind of tax reform bill. They
are under no compulsion to hurry.
But tax reduction cannot wait a
year.
* , *
THE MORAL, it seems to me,,
is that the President should not
wait any longer before calling up--
on Congress to move against the
oncoming recession in the hope of
getting tax reform next. year. In
the kind of Congress he is dealing
with the prospects of his getting
a good tax reform bill next year
are very poor.
In any event, whether Congress
is or is not now capable of writing
a good tax bill, it is certainly in-
capable- of writing any tax bill.
quickly. Tax reform, like medical
care, aid to education, a farm bill,
is in the category of those things
which are desirable but not indis-
pensable. To act now and ade-
quately against recession is in the
category of the indispensable.
If the decision is taken to ask
for a tax cut now, it is of the ut-
most importance that it be an
adequate tax cut. It will be worse
than useless to propose a reduc-

tion which is so small that it will
not do the job. That will merely
discredit the medicine without
preventing the disease. If Dr. Salk
says that a child should have
three polio shots, it is a foolish
mother who thinks that one polio
shot will do. In the present state
of the U. S. economy tax reduction
will, not refiate and revivify unless
it is big enough to close the gap-
the gap between what, the econ-
omy can produce and what indi-
viduals and business firms and
public authority are able and will-
ing to buy.
AMONG economists today the
conservative, estimate is that the
cut should be at least $10 billion.
There are some, who should be
heard, who think that the right
amount would even be $15 billion.
The $10 billion reduction could be
had by reducing personal and
corporate income taxes by four
percentage points. (On personal
income each percentage point is
two billion; on corporate income
tax each percentage point is half
a billion.)
Why a reduction of $10 billion?
Speaking very broadly, and with
due regard for the refinements of
the professional economists, it is
reasonable for the layman to as-
sume that under present circum-
stances for each dollar released
by tax reduction the effect on
spending for consumption, inven-
tory, and fixed capital is multi-
plied about two-and-a-half times,
The $10 billion reduction would
thus have the. multiplied effect on
demand for goods of $25 billion.
The gap today between capacity
and actual production is about $30
-billion. That is why a $10 billion
tax reduction would be just barely
adequate.
If we act promptly to prevent
the decline, it is certain that some
of the revenue lost by tax reduc-
tion will be recaptured from the
rise in incomes and profits. There
will be a fair chance that by the
middle of 1963 the defiicit after a
$10 billion tax reduction would not
be greater than Eisenhower's defi-
cit without tax reduction. This,
we should realize, would not mean
much. But 'it would look better.
But what really matters is to pre-
vent the oncoming recession.
(C) 1962, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.

"Throw Him Some More Flowers, Honey -- Let's See
How Long He'll Keep Playing"
y -Y
jy ".
~>~""v
4f~
406

Friend or Foe?

UNPALATABLE:
'.chocolate Soldiery
THE CAMPUS Theatre's once-a-week operetta film series opened last
night with "The Chocolate Soldier." If it were playing again tonight
I should caution you not to go.
The film has only loose connections with the Oscar Straus operetta,
a tuneful comedy of the same name based on George Bernard Shaw's
"Arms and the Man."
Nelson Eddy and Rise Stevens are a singing couple appearing in
a production of the Straus "Chocolate Soldier." The plot revolves
around Eddy's off-stage efforts to test his wife's faithfulness. He dis-
guises himself as a Russian basso and woos his wife in a set of false

REMIER of Iran Ali Amini resigned Wednes-
day from his post, blaming the United
Ates for slashing aid to Iran - "America's
Ti~i .~

only sincere friend in the world." Amini re-
signed in a futile attempt to balance his coun-
try's budget, now in debt to $50 million.
The government of Iran is quite dependent
upon U. S. foreign aid to restore financial se-

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