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July 20, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1962-07-20

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...,. .


ennedy Hits Peru Coup,

Scientists See Control of Cancer



E conom

) C
Plan Moves
)n Congolese


ic Aid
$81 Million
In Assistance

States disclosed yesterday it is
weighing with other governments
f move to pressure adamant Katan-
ga secessionist Moise Tshombe in-
to joining with the central Congo
In announcing this, State De-
partment Press Officer Lincoln
White ruled out no possibility ex-
cept armed attack by the United
He said the United Nations has
no authority to initiate military
action, and past clashes with Ka-
taganese troops were merely de-
fensive measures by United Na-
tions forces.
This left the way open for a
variety of economic pressures. It
was understood that G. Mennen
Williams and Harlan Cleveland,
assistant secretaries of state, re-
spectively, forAfrican and inter-
national organization affairs, have
canvassed possibilities in current
visits to several European capitals.'
U.S. Dismay
A severely worded State Depart-
ment statement reflected dismay.
by United States strategists at the
failure of Congo unity efforts on
which they have staked so much,
anger at Tshombe, and a deter-
mination to prevent the deterior-
ating Congo situation from drifting
back to anarchy.
In the United States view, inte-
gration of the mineral-rich Ka-
tanga into the Congo is needed to
prevent the two-year-old central
African country from relapsing in-
to chaos and a possible Commu-
nist take-over. The rest of the
country is comparatively poor and
unable to sustain itself financial-
Moral Support
Washington has been the lead-
ing moral and financial backer of
the costly United Nations efforts
to promote Congo unity. United
States authorities thought the
problem was on the way to solu-
tion with the start of talks be-
tween Tshombe and central Con-
golese Premier Cyrille Adoula last
December, but the talks recently
broke down. ,
Hails Doctors',
Medicare Plea
SASKATOON, Sask. (R) - The
Government hailed yesterday the
striking doctors' proposal for com-
promise on its medical care law,
and indicated settlement might be
reached in a special legislative ses-
sion. '
The doctors dropped their de-
mand' that the government sus-
pend the act, but asked that ma-
jor amendments be passed before
they return to. normal practice.

Eyes Sugar


DISPERSED LEADERS - Former President Manuel Prado (left)
has been placed under arrest by the new Peruvian military junta
and ARPA leader Victor Raul Haya de la Torre is variously report-
ed fleeing or in the Venezuelan embassy as the revolutionary mili-
tary solidify their hold on Peru.
World NewRound

tin Luther King Jr. called on the
Justice Department yesterday to
act "in thousands of communities
in which the right to vote is fla-
grantly and brutally denied to Ne-
groes. In his prepared text he paid
tribute to actions already taken by
the Justice Department under
Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy. He
said it "has certainly moved with
forthrightness and concern in the
sensitive area of voter registra-
/* * *

BERLIN-East German authori-
ties have, declared a forbidden
zone, more than three miles wide,
along their entire seacoast, in an
attempt to stop refugees fleeing
by boat. The border zone, thick
with regulations, stretches along
the -Baltic coast from Poland to
the Iron Curtain frontier with
West Germany. No one can enter
it without permission.
S* * *
WASHINGTON-A high federal
court cut off labor union officials
yesterday from access to union
treasuries for funds to defend
themselves against charges they
defrauded the union's members.
The United States Court of Ap-
peals for the District of Columbia
ruled also that it is improper for
a lawyer to represent a union in
the same litigation in which he de-
fends a union official against
charges of wrong-doing..
* * *
WASHINGTON-A compromise
X340-million welfare bill awaited
eagerly by several states that took
a chance on its being approved
won House passage yesterday by a
lopsided 357-34 roll call vote. The
Senate was expected to follow suit
quickly and send it to President
John F. Kennedy. The legislation,
providing stepped-up federal aid
to state welfare systems, would re-

vive some programs that expiredI
July 30 while the -measure was en-I
tangled in the fight over medicalI
care for the aged.
-* * * .
cate Marine 1 spacecraft was mat-
ed successfully with an Atlas-E
Agena B rocket yesterday as the1
space agency prepared to launch
the craft to the vicinity of the
planet V e n u s tomorrow. The
checks will continue until launchj
time, now set for the pre-dawn;
. * * *
WASHINGTON-A new advis-
ory council designed to strengthen
the voice and guard the interests
of consumers buckled down to work
yesterday at the White House with
words of appreciation and encour-
agement from President John F.
* *' *
ALGIERS-A blackout conceal-
ed backstage talks yesterday to
reconcile Algeria's quarreling lead-
ers. The politicians mainly involv-
ed in the dispute took no part in
the talks. The top ranking officers
of the interior guerrilla army -
trying to take the argument out
of the politicians' hands-met se-
cretly in a council of wilayas
(zones). They resumed their con-
ference yesterday after a 24-hour
break to consult the rival groups
in Algiers and Tlemcen on a pos-
sible compromise formula.
* * *
NEW YORK-The Stock Mar-
ket snapped a four-session losing
streak yesterday with an irregular
advance in light trading. The As-
sociated Press 60-stock average
was up .60 to 214.50, and the Dow
Jones average of 30 industrials
advanced 1.92 to 573.16. Standard
and Poor's 500-stock index gained
.22 to 56.42.

House denounced the military
taxeover in Peru as a "serious set-
back" to democracy yesterday, and
quickly ordered a halt in United
States aid.
On the heels of a White House
:tatement that President John F.
Kennedy "has noted the develop-
ments in Peru with great concern,"
the State Department announced
"we are as of today suspending
our various assistance programs,
with certain relatively minor ex-
ceptions where important humani-
tarian factors are involved."
United States authorities said
the cut-off in Alliance-for-Prog-
ress aid to Peru involves:
1) Withholding all except about
$9 million of the $90-million
worth cf United States aid ear-
marked for Peru since the inaug-
uration of the Alliance for Pc'g-
ress aid effort by Kennedy March
13, 1961.
2) A holding back on undisclos-
ed sums which might otherwise
be going to Peru under the for-
eign aid program for the current
fiscal year which Congress is now
In addition, United States gov-
rnment lawyers were weighing the
possibility of cutting out United
States sugar purchases from Peru,
for which the United States pays
above-world-market prices.
State Department Press Officer
Lincoln White said the United
States has under study two pro-
posals for further action in the
diplomatic field. One is a Venezu-
elan proposal for a foreign min-
isters meeting of the Organization
of American States to consider the
Peruvian question. Another is for
a meeting of the Inter-American
Peace Committee to study the, sit-
In Lima, the foreign diplomatic
corps was reported last night to
be seeking the release of deposed
President Manuel Prado as the
one-day-old military junta of
"four presidents" consolidated its
control of Peru.
Meanwhile, police with tear gas
bombs 'and rubber truncheons
scattered a rush-hour crowd of
demonstrators shouting "liberty,
liberty" in the downtown streets of
Lima. It was the second night in
a row of crowd protests against
the seizure of power by a military
Hundreds of Peruvians inter-
rupted their trips home from work
to jeer at police on a main shop-
ping street and at Plaza San Mar-
tin. The demonstrators cried "down
with military dictatorship" and
"we want freedom." They set- fire
to an automobile and hurled stones
at oncoming officers.

... shot down

Test works
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States Nike Zeus antimissile yes-
terday scored the world's first
known intercept of a 16,000-mile-
an-hour ICBM warhead.
The white, "48-foot Nike Zeus
missile streaked up from Kwaja-
lein in the mid-Pacific and inter-
cepted "a special target vehicle"
launched by an Atlas ICBM from
California about 5,000 miles away.
No Strike
Informed sources indicated the
Nike Zeus rocket did not actually
strike the warhead, but came close
enough to have destroyed it if
atomically armed. Neither the test
war head nor the Nike Zeus car-
ried a nuclear charge.
"There would. have been a de-
struct (kill) here under real con-
ditions," a Defense Department
spokesman said.
The Nike Zeus achievement car-
ried wide diplomatic implications.
Soviet Boast
It came only two days after pub-
lication of Soviet Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev's boast that Rus-
sia has a global rocket invulner-
able to "any anti-rocket means."
In announcing the Nike Zeus'
success, Secretary of Defense Rob-
ert S. McNamara retorted to an-
other Khrushchev claim - that
Russia has developed its own anti-
missile rocket.

MOSCOW (VP) - Important sci-
entists of the East and West and
of politically uncommitted India
said yesterday possibiilties are in
sight for eventually controlling a
common enemy of all nations -
They did so in setting a hopeful
keynote for the largest assembly
of cancer fighters and researchers
ever held in the world-the Eighth
International Cancer C o n g r e s s
which will attract to Moscow some
5,000 scientists from more than 70
countries. Delegates include 1,800
from Russia.
Prof. Nikolai N. Blokhin, presi-
dent of the Soviet Academy of
Medical Sciences, told a confer-
ence attendd by more than 200
newsmen that "science today has
(started to reach) that state
where the cancer problem is closer
to solution."
"Very Close"
"We are now very close," he
said, "to where the cancer prob-
lem can be excluded and solved."
He underscored his words by de-
claring that this prospect shapes
up at a time when cancer still is
"one of the greatest disease prob-
lems -occupying second place (to
heart disease) in the causes of
death in our country (Russia) and
in some of the capitalistic coun-
Prof. V. R. Khanolkar, vice-
chancellor of the University, of
Bombay, and outgoing president of
~the International Union Against
Cancer (IUAC) - sponsoring or-
ganization of the Congress - de-
clared that while the cancer prob
lem is not yet solved, "we have
come a long way toward it."
"Rather Exciting"
Prof. Alex Haddow of London's
Royal Cancer Hospital, who takes
office as President of the inter-
national union during the con-
gress, asserted that ultimate pros-
pects for better treatment of can-
cer through chemical attack "are
rather exciting."
House Passes
Farm Scheme
passed yesterday a stripped-down
farm bill that does little more than
continue existing voluntary wheat
and corn programs for- another
The bill, a substitute for the
strict-control program defeated by
the House last month, now goes to
the Senate where trouble appar-
ently awaits it.


Fri. and Sat.

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He cautioned against over-op-
timism, but declared that research
findings in various fields since the
last war hold out "the prospect
that our knowledge is beginning to
crystallize" in a set of principles
for attacking cancer. '
"This congress," Prof. Haddow
said, "is being held at a very pro-
pitious moment - and I hope it
(the congress) will be a milestone
in cancer research.
Intensify Research
"The reason the moment is pro-
pitious is that the subject of can-

FOR 13.00 you may choose any
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Any Summer handbag
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cer research has been intensely
active since the end of the war
in Russia, the United States, Great
Britain and in most countries of
the world. The results of activity
in the understanding of the can-
cer cell are beginning to become
apparent . .."
The International Union
Against Cancer, which sponsors a
congress every four years, is the
only international organization
devoted entirely to advancing the
effort to find a solution to the
problem of cancer.


at V.F.W.

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