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July 11, 1962 - Image 5

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1962-07-11

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', JULY 11, 1.962




Associated Press News Analyst Microw,
system. I
Once, on a day before the dawn communi
of history, a man tapped a hollow crowaves
log with a stick and realized he Relay tow
could send a message. towers a
Another looked across a valley ocean str
snd a(w .ire. .nd to him it w a. aI A_



Nave is a broad-band radio
t can handle all. types of
cations known, but mi-
travel in a straight line.
wers are needed, and such
re impossible over vast

a1usa 1r, 1uW11111 rs
Sound and light were grouped
into a language.
Drums and gongs replaced logs.
Smoke signals were devised. Then
came semaphore and signal lamps,
cannons and rockets. The art de-
veloped slowly.
But suddenly distance was not
such a problem. In 1844 Samuel
V. B. Morse invented the telegraph.
Alexander Graham Bell, in 1876,
gave the world the telephone.
Then there'was radiotelegraphy
in 1896, radiotelephony in 1900.
The first voice went overseas in
1915, and in 1921 telephone cables
were laid between Florida and
Cuba. Then came commercial
radio, then television.
Cable Links Continents
By 1956 the first transoceanic
telephone cable linked New York
wth Great Britain. Other cables
followed: Alaska in 1956, Hawaii
in 1957, Paris in 1959, Puerto Rico
in 1960.
Now it is 1962, Americans will
cluster around television sets to
watch live, for the first time, ac-
tion takiig place in selected parts
of Europe.
In the split-second lag between
the action and its appearance on
screens half-way around the
world, the picture will have trav-
eled hundreds of miles into the
heavens to be amplified 10 billion
times by a tiny satellite called
Telstar, and then beamed back to
Growing Links
One TV program requires an
electrical path wide enough to
carry 600 telephone conversations.
This, with the ever-growing need
for more and faster intercontinen-
tal communications links, has
prompted the satellite communi-
cations program, into which the
Bell Telephone System alone will
have poured $50 million by next
year. Bell now operates about 500
circuits for overseas communica-
tions, will need 12,000 by 1980.
Because it would take 50 under-
sea cables of present design to
m1eet this demand, and because n
such cable can transmit television
signals, engineers are looking to
microwave, and to the heavens, for
the answer.
McLean Cites
Pollen Count
The daily "pollen count" does
not give the hayfever or asthma
sufferer a complete picture of his
symptoms according to Prof. James
A. McLean of the medical .school.
While the pollen count can be
of some help to the doctor, it
can't be relied upon completely
by the patient, he said recently.
Also, each individual's allergic
reaction is influenced by many
factors such as rain and damp
weather, sudden temperature
change, food reactions, dusty
winds, mental and emotional
strain, and pollen and mold spores
in the air, McLean explained.
All these factors can affect a
person's daily symptoms, and thus
a doctor takes the total allergic
load to which a person is exposed
into account, he said.

Tower in the Sky
Bell has set up a "tower" in the
sky-the tiny (34-inch-diameter,
170-pound) Telstar satellite by
which the continents of Europe
and America are linked for the
first time by live television.
Bell payed about $3 million to
Uncle Sam to have its tiny, com-
plex station set into orbit from
a pad at Cape Canaveral. A Delta
booster rocket powered the satel-
lite into an elliptical orbit ranging
in altitude between 575 and 3,450
nautical miles, inclined 45 degrees
to the equator. Each orbit takes
2 hours and 36 minutes.
The satellite's solar cells pick
up power from the sun, converting
the energy for storage in its nic-
kel-cadmium batteries.

Experimental Signals
Experimental signals-television,
telephone, radio and telegraph-
will be transmitted from a $15
million ground station build by the
American Telephone and Tele-
graph Company at Andover, Me.,
and will be picked up by the satel-
lite while it is in line of sight
between Andover and Europe. A
British Station at Goonhilly Down
in Cornwall, England, and a
French duplicate of the Andover
station at Lannion form the other
To send and receive the signals,
engineers have constructed at An-
dover the largest horn antenna
yet built - a 340-ton. rotating
structure patterned after a 40-
foot-long horn at Helmdel, N.J.,
which was used in earlier Project
Echo experiments.
The Andover horn has a length
of 177 feet, an opening of about
3,600 square feet. It is built to the
accuracies of a fine watch, and is
protected by an inflated 20-ton
dacron and synthetic rubber ra-
dome 210 feet in diameter and
161 feet high.-
Scientific Pursuits
One of Telstar's main purposes
is to discover more about the na-
ture, of the space through which
future communications satellites
must operate. But to the vast ma-
jority of the two-continent audi-
ences watching the programs re-.
layed, such scientific pursuits willj
be secondary.
America's three major television
networks will send to Europe
whatever they determine to be
''among the most significant and
interesting events taking place" ina
the United States at the time.
The European program, to be'
produced by the 16-nation Euro-
pean Broadcasting Union, will in-
clude live pickups from 16 points'
throughout Europe.
.Each program will last about 12
minutes, while the satellite is in
the proper line-of-site position]
above the two continents.
The historic project is a step
toward the eventual goal of con-+
tinuous communications across
oceans by means of a continuous+
parade of relay satellites.
Telstar, with a life expectancy
of about two years, is expected to
point the way toward satellites'
that will endure in space for five]
to 10 years, providing instantane-1
ous world-wide voice and sight
It's a far, cry from the stick
with which that primitive cave-
man beat out a message to hisl
jungle neighbor.+

~ X

NEIV 1.10

N '?::. ...':.. v
P Newetures


GET into the swing of things. Order CREATIVITY STIFLED? Join The Daily
your summer Daily now!! Call 662- photography staff. Financial remuner-
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DIAMONDS-At wholesale prices from LOOKING FOR SOMEONE to replace
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BS giving all pertinient information. P12
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Salary offered-$50 per week.__________________
Call Mr. Miller, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., '56 FORD-2-door, excel transportation.
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514 E. WASHINGTON ST. Variety is the SPICE OF
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spare time earning money, Join The 70 AKR-PNTL INGT
Daily photography staff. See Mike at
420 Maynard. Al MUSICAL MDSE.,
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Call NO 8-8601. C5 radios, phonos, tape recorders and TVs
with this ad. Campus Radio & TV,
ROS-Single o doube- uies 325 E. Hoover. X4
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FOR RENT-Campus four room apt. 301N
Summer price $60. Phone NO 3-4322. JO
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Furnished apts. from $60 up. NO
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luggage rack, spare tire. Best offer
Write 10712 N. Cedar, Lansing, Mich.
Z :{5iC n" M5: %i

Course Creates New Reading Habits

her speech professor read through
"The critical reader may have it in a matter of minutes. She was
more difficulty breaking his old even more surprised to find that
reading habits," speed reading in- he had not missed a word and
structor Warren Grienenberger, was quite able to constructively
'62L commented.comment on the paper.
'2 Fascinated by her professor's
"But with- a great deal of ap- prowess, Miss Wood sought out
plication, the 'eye to mind' read- 50 other "experts" who read be-
ing method can be successfully tween 1500 and 6000 words per
achieved." . minute.
Speedy Comprehension
Grienenberger is the head of the From her observations she con-
Ann Arbor branch of a national cluded that "speed is not most
reading dynamics institute, important, but only through speed
Reading Dynamics is a speed
reading school that has been do you get good comprehension.
known to teach its students to in- By careful analysis of the 50
crease their reading rates from 3 people, Miss Wood evolved a new
to 16 times. method that has been the basis
Ploding Reader for reading dynamics.
This means that the average The reading dynamics method
reader, who plods along at about involves several basic techniques.,
250 words per minute, can. in- Probably of prime importance is
crease his speed to anywhere be- the technique of reading vertically
tween 750 to 2500 words per down the page, a paragraph at a
minute without apreciable loss in time, as opposed to the conven-
comprehension. In fact, as is more tional line-by-line method.
usually the case, comprehension The vertical reading habit is
increases with speed, and rates in developed by forcing the eyes to
the tens of thousands bracket have follow the hand down the' page as
been achieved with considerable it moves in a rapid, sweeping
proficiency in comprehension. fashion. Daily practice totaling no

less than an hour per day is a
necessary prerequisite for naxi-
mum success in the development of
this technique.
A second technique the Reading
Dynamics student utilizes is the
repression of sub-vocalizing, or
inward lip-reading common to the
average reader. Instead of trans-
mitting words to his mind via the
lips, the student is taught to use
his eyes to "trigger the mind."
No student is permitted to allow
his eyes to regress over material
he has already read. He is trained
to progress steadily, comprehend-
ing increasing amounts with in-
creasing speeds.
For best comprehension, the stu-
dent employs the technique of or-
ganizing his reading matter be-
fore he reads it. Utilizing the
methods of preview and outline,
he is able to more easily compre-
hend material the first time
Total Impact
By means of these techniques,
the student is able to receive the
total impact of the material as
was intended by the author. The
best students are actually capable

of "falling into the story," or liv-
ing the story as it occurs in con-
The course is offered in a 30
hour course divided into 12 weekly
2 % hour sessions at a cost of
With its main headquarters in
Washington, the institute has es-
tablished branches in urban cen-
ters all over the country. Such
branch institutes are found in At-
lanta, Minneapolis, Detroit, New
York, and, just recently, Ann Ar-
The Ann Arbor "pocket insti-
tute," as it is termed, was in-
itiated last summer and is now in
its third term of classes.
The institute has a present en-
rollment of about 70 students
ranging from housewives to un-
dergraduate students to professors.
Results of the program, Grien-
berger asserted, are very encour-
aging. Location in a university
town has promoted the enrollment
of very critical, demanding read-
ers who expect a great deal from
the program and who will, by con-
stant effort, receive it, Grienen-
berger added.

Such phenomenal
only be attained by
concept in reading.
namics teaches just

speeds could
a whole new
Reading dy-
such a con-

College Students Challenge Validity
Of Income Taxes on Scholarships

New Method
The techniques of the iew
method were observed and com-
piled over 15 years ago by Evelyn
Nielsen Wood, now a school-
teacher in her early 50's.
At that time, Miss Wood was
working towards her master's de-
gree at the University of Utah.
Handing in an extensive term
paper that had taken months to
complete, she was appalled to see

0."H"r' :S1"A " :.;::":::": :
ti I EL I
a1". ..v.:v . "... v~s :.... :.r.:::r..':"..::":":":.r:" :""...:n.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Buiiding
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices
The Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
has announced two programs of re-
search fellowships in the Fed. Republic
of Germany and in West Berlin, for
faculty members in all areas. Details
may be obtained in the Fellowship Of-
fice, Room 110, Rackham Bldg.
Approval for the following stu-
dent-sponsored activities becomes ef-
fective 24 hours after the publication of
this notice. All publicity for these
events must be withheld until theap-
proval has become effective.
July 15, July 29, Aug. 12-U. of M.
F'olk Dancers, Picnic.
Doctoral Examination for Eric Wil-
liam Vetter, Bus. Ad.; thesis: "Com-
pany Long Range Manpower Forecast-
ing and Planning-A Methodological
Approach," Thurs., July 12, 530 School
of Bus. Ad., at 3:00 p.m. Chairman, G.
S. Odiorne.
Doctoral Examination for Michael Jo-
seph Plizga, Chemistry; thesis: "A
Kinetic Investigation of the Electro-
chemical Reaction Involving the
Chromic and Dichromate Ions in Aque-
ous Solution by Means of Charge and
Decay Curves," Thurs., July 12, 3003

Mozart, and Robert Schumann. Open
to the general public.
Doctoral Examination for Howard
Ronald Pollio, Psychology; thesis:
"Word Association as a Function of
Semantic Structure," Thurs., July 12,
3419 Mason Hall, at 3:00 p.m. Chair-
man, A. W. Melton.
Doctoral Examination for Edgar Waite
Averill, Eruc.; thesis: "The Appropri-
ateness of a Course in Elem. Statistics
in Selected Michigan Community Col-
leges," Thurs., July 12, 4200 UHS, at
3:00 p.m. Chairman, R. J. Young.
Industrial Firm in Ann Arbor Vicinity
-Recent grad for position as Account-
ant. Minimum 20 hrs. in Ace't. prefer-
red; will consider 10 hrs. Exper. not
Swedish Crucible Steel Co., Detroit,
Mich.,-BS & MS Chem. Engineers for
work associated with the plastics in-
dustry & particularly in the molding
City & County Engnrs., County of
Monroe, Mich.-Student or Professor in
Civil Engrg. (Highway or Sanitary).
Work includes plotting streets, gas &
water lines, charting & some field work.
Also work for Professors to do at their
National Twist Drill & Tool Co.,
Rochester, Mich.-Recent grad in Met-
allurgy who would be interested in a
position in process control work in
Heat Treating Dept.
U.S. Dept. of Labor-Foreign Labor
Service Rep. for Mexican Farm Labor
Program. BA plus 1 yr. exper. related
to preparing complete & concise re-
norts. explaining legal requirements, &
making arithmetical calculations rapid-
ly & accurately. Must be able to speak
Spanish fluently to deal with Mexican

entists. Positions in Quality Control for
Control Chemists, Control Pharmacist.
Also want Patent Attorney (LLB & BS
in Chem., Chem. Engrg. or Pharmacy
plus 3 to 4 yrs. patent exper).
Organization in Ann Arbor Area -
Woman to direct girls' resident camp
during summer. During year would be
responsible for high school youth pro-
gram. Should be at least 25 yrs. old &
have had exper. in teaching or related
Michigan Civil Service--Child Wel-
fare Worker-1 yr. grad study in social
work plus 1 yr. social casework exper.
or completion of 2 yrs. grad study in
social work. Apply bysJuly 30.
For further information, please con-
tact General Div., Bureau of Appts.,
3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
The following part-time jobs are
available. Applications for these jobs
can be made in the Part-time Place-
ment Office, 2200 SAB Monday thru
Friday 8 a~m. till 12 noon and 1:30 til
5 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time or full-time temporary
work, should contact Bob Hodges, at
NO 3-1511, ext. 3553.
Students desiring miscellaneous odd
jobs should consult the bulletin board
in Room 2200, daily.
1-Editorial Assistant. Experience is a
prerequisite. One-half time for one
year duration minimum.
1-To cook for one person and live in.
Bus runs by house.
1-Student companion for 17 year old
blind girl. Must live in dorm. For
fall semester.

Is your scholarship taxable?
According to the New York
Times, students have been in-
creasingly successful in obtaining
refunds on scholarship taxes with-
held by their schools, by applying
for exemption under Section 117
of the Internal Revenue Code.
Some, however, have not been
excused by the Internal Revenue
Service from paying income tax
on their stipends. Others have filed
amended returns for previous
taxes paid on scholarship grants,
and had their tax accounts ad-
j usted.
Demand Payment
However, some students have not
been excused by the Internal Rev-
enue Service from paying income
tax on their stipends. They have
taken their cases to the courts,
which, as tax lawyer H. William
Callman points out, are taking a
lenient attitude towards the stu-
A New York tax court exempted
a student from taxation of his
scholarship and ruled that these
grants should not be taxed when
their purpose is to further the
education and training of the stu-
dent. This ruling specified a broad
interpretation of Section 117 in
favor of the student.
However, a student must file a

return in order to recover the
withheld funds.
Fulbright Grant
Teachers overseas on Fulbright
grants were also given a tax break
by a recent court interpretation.
The court ruled that travel ex-
penses, meals and lodging may be
deducted, if such expenses are
reasonable and necessary. A Jan-
uary ruling by the Internal Rev-
enue Service agreed.
Fulbright teachers, unlike Amer-
icans working overseas for private
companies, are not totally exempt
for United States income taxes.
The Times article also noted
that students with summer jobs
netting less than $600 have missed
out on refunds on withheld taxes,
because they failed to file re-
turns. Although a return is not
required for earnings less than
U.S. Promotes Cain
On Parks Board
Prof. Stanley A. Cain of the
Natural Resources School has been
named vice-chairman of the 11-'
member Advisory Board on Na-
tional Parks. Prof. Cain has been
a member of the board since 1960.

Use Our Convenient
Mikian DailyAd-O-Gram

$600, students wishing to recover
this money must file a return and
include a W-2 form indicating how
much he made and how much was
Some students who made over
$600 have been guilty of a techni-
cal offense by not filing. But, be-
cause penalties are based on taxes
owed, they were not penalized if
the withholding covered the
amount due.





Just Fill In The
Following Form and
Send to

PARKE DAVIS & CO. needs a man to help with care
and feeding of laboratory animals during 6-10 A.M.
shift Monday thru Friday. Experience with animals
helpful but not necessary. Apply in person 9 A.M. to
3 P.M.

Phone NO 2-4786
1 :00 to 3:00 Mon. thru Fri.

* I
Figure 5 average words to a line.
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